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COPYRIGHT DEPOSfT. 



A MANUAL OF 

Materia Medica, Therapeutics 
and Pharmacology, 



With- Clinical Index 



BY 

A. L. BLACKWOOD, M. D., 

; i.OFESSOR OF MATERIA MEDICA AND CLINICAL MEDICINE IN THE HAHNE- 
MANN MEDICAL COLLEGE, CHICAGO. AUTHOR OF " TEXT-BOOK 
OF DISEASE* OF THE HEART AND OF THE LUNGS." 



PHILADELPHIA 

BOERICKE & TAFEL 
1906 



LIBRARY of CONGRESS 
Two Copies Received 

APK 21 1906 

,, Copyright Entry . 
CLASS CL XXc No. 
r COPY B. 



COPYRIGHTED 

BY 

BOERICKE & TAFEL 

1906 



PREFACE. 



This work was undertaken with a desire to place before the 
medical profession in condensed form a resume of the Materia 
Medica of all remedies in common use to date, their pharmacy 
and therapeutics, together with a chapter on prescription writ- 
ing, and the management of cases of poisoning. 

Many physicians have not obtained the desired results from 
their remedies, because the right preparation has not been ad- 
ministered. This is especially true of remedies given in the 
lower potencies in dilution form. Where the remedies are not 
soluble, the trituration form should be employed. Where it is 
desirable that a particular strength or potency be used, this 
has been indicated. 

Another explanation of the occasional failure of physicians 
in obtaining results from their remedies is the fact that there 
are many so-called homoeopathic preparations on the market that 
in reality are not homoeopathic, they having never been 
proved, which are, therefore, unreliable. Physicians should 
obtain their remedies from pharmacists that prepare medicines 
of unquestioned reliability. 

Of such remedies as are official in the U. S. P. , the dosage 
and preparation have been indicated. 

Under the heading of Therapeutics, the cardinal indications 
for the remedies have been given from a therapeutic stand- 
point. 

The author's recommendations for the selection of the 
potency vary, first, in accordance with the nature of the rem- 



VI PREFACE. 

edy employed; second, with the clinical history of the disease, 
and third, with the temperament of the patient. 

Remedies which in their crude state are inert, or practically 
so, are employed in potencies ranging from the 12th decima 
to the 30th and 200th centesimal. Remedies which are activ* 
in their crude state are employed in potencies ranging from 1 
to the 200. The patient with a highly developed nervous sys 
tern, on whom medicines act quickly, should have, as a rule, 
the lower potencies, as these are slower in their action and less 
potent; whereas, the patient with a sluggish temperament that 
needs arousing, should be given the higher potencies. In dis- 
eases which present a chronic history, the potency selected is 
from the 30th to the 200th centesimal and higher. 

The repetition of the dose depends upon the stage of the 
disease. In acute cases, twenty drops of a dilution, ten to 
fifteen tablets, or an equal amount of powder are dissolved in a 
glass half full of water. Of this, two teaspoonfuls are ad- 
ministered at intervals of from ten minutes to one, two or 
three hours, according to the severity of the symptoms am, 
whether or not prompt action is desired. The intervals ar 
lengthened as the symptoms abate. 

In chronic cases, two or three doses of the remedy are ad- 
ministered within twelve hours, when a placebo is given a 
the effects of the remedy watched. No more medicine sho 
be administered so long as improvement continues. 

When a remedy is indicated, but its administration fails to 
modify the symptoms, the potency should be changed, not 
the remedy. When a remedy has ceased to act, the case should 
be carefully reviewed and if it is decided to continue the rem- 
edy, it should be administered in another potency. 

As the size of the dose of potentized drugs is the same i? 
all cases, in giving the " dosage 'for the different remedk 



PREFACE. Vll 

the physiological dose, and the maximum dose only are given. 
The maximum dose being known, it will prevent the giving of 
.overdoses. 

The author and the profession are indebted to F. A. 
<Boericke, M. D. , for the pharmaceutical description of each 
remedy, also to M. R. French, M. D., for the article on Phar- 
maceutics and the compilation from Modern Writers on Pre- 
scription Writing. 

ji Washington St., Chicago* ///., 
March, 1906. 



BLACKWOOD'S 
MATERIA MEDICA. 



HOMEOPATHIC PHARMACEUTICS. 

The American Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia, the British 
Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia, the Pharmacopoeia Homoeo- 
pathica Polyglotta and the American Institute of Homoe- 
opathy Pharmacopoeia are the four -principal works on "the 
preparation of homoeopathic medicine. The latter work in its 
second edition is called the Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of 
the United States. These publications were all used in this 
compilation of Homoeopathic Pharmaceutics. 

The American Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia classifies the 
various plants, animals, etc. , into nine classes, each substance 
being prepared according to the rules laid down in its particu- 
lar class. The drug power of the resulting medicine, being 
the drug power of the particular class under which it is pre- 
pared. This classification is also used in the German Phar- 
macopoeia. 

Preliminary to the preparation of the various medicines, 
the following pharmacopoeia rules are to be observed: 

All utensils, including bottles, corks, measuring glasses, 
mortars, spatulas, spoons, sieves, presses, chopping blocks, 
etc., must be thoroughly cleansed. The bottles should be 
white flint glass, and where remedies are affected by the light, 
black glass should be used. The glass should be of the best 
quality; mortars for pulverizing hard substances should be of 
highly polished iron; for triturating purposes either porcelain 

2 



io Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

or wedge wood; spatula and spoons must be made of horn, 
bone or porcelain. The tincture press has to be simply con- 
structed, so as to be readily cleaned and all parts of it that 
come in contact with the medicinal plant should be gold 
plated. 

The three menstrua that are mostly used in homoeopathic 
pharmacy are distilled water, pure alcohol and saccharum lactis. 

Water should be distilled in a gold lined, or block tin, still. 
The first and last portions of the yield should not be used. 

Only pure grain alcohol that has been redistilled, thereby 
entirely freeing it from fusel oil, is to to be used in homoeo- 
pathic pharmacy. This is reduced to 87 per cent., which is 
the standard strength, by adding one part of distilled water to 
seven parts of pure alcohol, which is about 95 per cent. — that 
is, it is 95 per cent. pure. 

Certain tinctures must be attenuated (in order to get a per- 
fect solution) with an alcohol that is still more dilute, there- 
fore the 87 per cent, is further diluted by making a mixture of 
seven parts of 87 per cent, alcohol and three parts of distilled 
water. This is known as dilute alcohol. 

The test for fusel oil is to slowly add to the alcohol its own 
weight of pure, concentrated sulphuric acid. If the alcohol is 
pure, it remains colorless, but if fusel oil is present, a reddish 
color will be developed from a formation of amyl sulphuric 
acid. 

Saccharum L,actis, the common name of which is sugar of 
milk, the formula being C 12 H 22 O n H 2 0, is one of the constituents 
of milk. The casein of the milk is coagulated by addition of 
rennet, this being removed, the residue is a solution of milk 
sugar, called whey. This substance is crystallized, the crys- 
tals are afterward dissolved in water, filtered through charcoal 
and re crystallized, the second yield is a chemically pure sugar 
of milk. 

Formerly this substance was obtained almost entirely from 
Switzerland, but American manufacturers have in the last few 
years surpassed the Swiss in the quality of this product. 

Globules, or pellets, are made of pure cane sugar in a 
wooden lined, copper kettle. The addition of any substance, 



HOMOEOPATHIC PHARMACEUTICS. II 

such as starch, flour, glucose or glycerine, for any purpose, is 
an adulteration and not allowable. 

The sizes of pellets are numbered from 8 to 80. The num- 
ber given to a particular size is determined by the length in 
millimeters, of the space occupied by ten pellets of equal size, 
in a line and in close contact. 

Fresh plants used in the manufacture of homoeopathic 
medicines are to be gathered at a particular time, according to 
the class under which the drug is listed. This is also true as 
to the part of the plant used. All substances, which include 
plants, metals, chemicals, animals, poisons, etc., must be 
thoroughly identified and tested. 

The method of attenuation of homoeopathic drugs is ac- 
cording to either the centesimal or decimal scale; the former 
is the method adopted by Hahnemann and the latter was in- 
troduced by Dr. Constantine Hering. 

The first centesimal potency contains T ^ part of the drug, 

"nd each succeeding potency T ^o P a rt of the potency preced- 

g it. As the drug power of various drugs differs, the amount 

mother tincture or drug substance and of menstruum must be 

proportioned in making the first potency that it will repre- 
nt r ^ part of the drug. The first decimal potency represents 
, part of the drug, each succeeding potency being prepared by 
taking y 1 ^ of the preceding potency and ^ of menstruum, by 
weight. The same rule applies to the making of the first 
decimal potency as applies to the first centesimal, namely, the 
amount of drug substance must be proportioned so that the 
first decimal will equal T x drug power. 

Class 1 is a tincture class. The drug being prepared by 
mixing equal parts by weight of the juice of the fresh plant, 
or part thereof, and alcohol; this yields a product of one-half 
drug power. 

The first centesimal potency is made by adding 99 minims 
of dilute alcohol to two minims of tincture. Kach succeeding 
potency is in the proportion of one minim of the preceding 
potency to 99 minims of alcohol. 

The first decimal potency is made by mixing two minims 
of tincture and eight minims of dilute alcohol. Kach succeed- 



12 Blackwood's materia medica. 

ing potency being in the proportion of one minim of the pre- 
ceding potency to nine minims of alcohol. 

Up to the 4x potency, dilute alcohol is used in making 
potencies according to this class. 

Class 2 tinctures are made by the adding of two parts alco- 
hol to three parts, both by weight, of finely chopped fresh 
plant, or part thereof; this mixture is then strained and filtered, 
the drug power of the same being one-half. The method of 
potentizing is the same as that given in class one. 

Class 3 tinctures are made by adding two parts, by weight, 
of alcohol and one part of the whole, or part of plant, the 
plant being first reduced to pulp and the mixture, before strain- 
ing, is allowed to stand for eight days. The drug power of 
this class is J. 

The first centesimal potencies of tinctures of this class is 
prepared by adding six minims of tincture to 99 minims of di- 
lute alcohol. Kach subsequent potency should be made in 
the proportion of one part of the preceding potency to 99 
minims of alcohol. 

Six minims of tincture and four minims of dilute alcohol 
make the first decimal potency. Kach succeeding decimal 
potency being in the proportion of one minim of the preceding 
potency to nine minims of alcohol. Dilute alcohol being 
used up to the 3X potency. 

Tinctures made according to Class 4 are prepared by taking 
five parts, by weight, of alcohol and one part of the pulverized, 
dried animal, or vegetable, substance. After standing for 
eight days, the tincture is strained and filtered, the drug 
power being T ^; 

The first centesimal potency is made by adding 90 minims 
of alcohol to 10 minims of tincture. Kach succeeding potency 
being made by adding 99 minims of alcohol to one minim of 
the preceding potency. As this tincture is ^ drug power, it 
represents the first decimal potency. Kach succeeding potency 
being made by adding nine minims of alcohol to one minim of 
the preceding potency. 

Class 5 are aqueous solutions, there being two strengths of 
said solutions, namely, the r ^ and the T ^. Where the solu- 



HOMOEOPATHIC PHARMACEUTICS. 13 

tion is i 1 ^ drug power it corresponds to the ix potency and 
potencies are made accordingly, distilled water being used as 
the menstruum up to the 3X potency. The 3X potency is to 
be made with dilute alcohol and all subsequent potencies with 
standard homoeopathic alcohol. Where the drug power is T ^ 
the solution equals the 2x potency and attenuations are to be 
made accordingly, dilute alcohol being used up to the 4x 
potency and standard homceopathic alcohol in further poten- 
tizing. 

Class 6 are also solutions, and, as in Class 5, are of two drug 
powers, namely, -^ and T ^. These solutions are alcoholic 
and not aqueous, as in Class 5, the potencies being prepared in 
the same way, with the exception that alcohol instead of water 
is used. 

Class 7 is a trituration class and directs the method of 
potentizing dry medicinal substances by trituration. One part, 
by weight, of the dry medicinal substance to 99 parts, by 
weight, of sugar of milk gives the first centesimal trituration. 
This potency should be triturated at least four hours and in 
some instances, such as the triturating of metals, a still longer 
time ( six hours) is necessary. All subsequent potencies being 
in the proportion of one part of the preceding potency to 99 
parts of Sugar of Milk, the triturating process to be carried on 
for two hours in each potency. If the drug is triturated ac- 
cording to the decimal scale, the proportion is one part of 
drug to nine parts, by weight, of Sugar of Milk for the ix 
potency. All subsequent triturations in the proportion of one 
part of the preceding potency to nine parts of Sugar of Milk. 

Triturations are converted into liquid potencies by dissolv- 
ing one grain of the third centesimal trituration or the sixth 
decimal trituration in 50 minims of distilled water and adding 
50 minims of standard alcohol. This will give, if prepared ac- 
cording to the centesimal scale, the fourth liquid potency. If 
prepared according to the decimal scale it will give the eighth 
decimal liquid potency. 

In Class 8, liquid substances are potentized in trituration 
form. The first centesimal being made by grinding one 
minim of drug substance, in 99 grains of Sugar of Milk, each 



14 Blackwood's materia medica. 

subsequent potency being in the same proportion and prepared 
from the preceding one. One minim of drug substance to 
nine grains of Sugar of Milk yields the first decimal tritura- 
tion, each subsequent trituration being in the proportion of 
one part of the preceding trituration to nine parts, by weight, 
of Sugar of Milk. 

As in the preceding class the first potency of either the 
centesimal or decimal scale must be triturated at least four 
hours and each subsequent potency to be triturated two hours. 

These triturations are converted into liquid potencies in 
exactly the same manner as the triturations in the preceding 
class are converted. 

Class 9. Fresh vegetable and animal substances are 
potentized according to this class. The substances being first 
reduced to pulp by pounding or grating, two parts (to allow 
for evaporation), by weight, of the substance to 99 parts of 
Sugar of Milk, triturated for four hours, yield the first cen- 
tesimal potency. Kach subsequent potency being in the pro- 
portion of one part of the preceding potency to 99 parts of 
Sugar of Milk. Two parts, by weight, of the drug substance 
to nine parts of Sugar of Milk yield the first decimal and each 
subsequent one being in the proportion of one part of the pre- 
ceding potency to nine parts of Sugar of Milk. These tritura- 
tions are converted into liquid potencies as in the two preced- 
ing classes. 

The Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States was 
published in its first edition in 1897; a revised edition was 
brought out several years later. The object of the work is to 
provide a plan for the making of homoeopathic tinctures of 
uniform strength, which strength equals, also in medicinal 
power, triturations of the same potency. In other words, all 
homoeopathic tinctures made according to this pharmacopoeia 
are -^ drug power or the first decimal strength. 

The manner of determining the proper proportion of plant 
and menstruum (Alcohol) in making tinctures according to 
this pharmacopoeia is as follows: 

A certain amount of the plant or part of it, whichever is 
used in any particular instance, is weighed. The plant is then 



HOMOEOPATHIC PHARMACEUTICS. 15 

thoroughly dried, which drying evaporates all moisture. The 
difference in weight between the dried and fresh plant repre- 
sents the amount of water in the same. In the making of the 
tincture the amount of water is taken into consideration when 
proportioning the amount of menstruum and plant, so as to 
make the resulting tincture y 1 ^ strength. 

Homoeopathic remedies are dispensed very largely in tablet 
form. Trituration tablets being made by moulding triturations 
into tablet shape, tincture and dilution tablets b}^ saturating 
Sugar of Milk with the tincture or dilution, and moulding. 
This is accomplished in several ways. One way, and a way 
that is to be heartily condemned by homoeopathic prescribers, 
is to compress the powder into the tablet shape by a tablet 
machine. In order to accomplish the work by machinery 
some saponaceous substance must be added, such as Boracic 
acid, Talcum powder, etc., so that the trituration will run 
through the machine. 

Up to the present time, the only reliable method of manu- 
facturing tablets is by hand. The given trituration is moulded 
into tablets by first saturating the powder with 95 per cent, 
alcohol, making it into a paste. This mixing is done on a 
glass plate, the moulds being made of either glass or highly 
polished steel. The tablets, after the evaporation of the 
alcohol, are easily removed. 

The remedies used by the homoeopathic physician should 
invariably be prepared in identically the same manner and 
under the same conditions as was the remedy at the time of 
its proving. Tinctures, therefore, should be made according 
to the rules laid down in the homoeopathic pharmacopoeias. 
There are other ways of making them, such as reducing a -fluid 
extract, making them from dried plants, where living plants 
should be used, etc. , which methods should not be tolerated. 



PRESCRIPTION WRITING.* 

Four important essentials of prescription writing are: 
I. Legibility. 
II. Accuracy and reliability of the ingredients. 

III. Great care chat incompatibles are not used. 

IV. That the maximum dose should never be exceeded. 
All prescriptions should be carefully written, the names of 

ingredients written out in full, so that there can be no possible 
chance for mistake or substitution. The amount of each of 
the component parts, when a compound prescription is made, 
should be such that a dose of the finished mixture will repre- 
sent the amount necessary of each drug to produce the action 
desired in the organism. The ingredients should be of a re- 
liable make, the writer specifying the particular manufacture. 

Many chemicals are incompatible with the other and 
should never be included in the same prescription, as, for in- 
stance, mineral acids with the alkalies, metallic salts with the 
alkalies and tannic acid, being precipitated by them, the alka- 
loids with tannic acid and caustic alkalies, also all drugs are 
incompatible with their antidotes. 

The following is the maximum dose of some of the more 
important drugs: 

Aconitina, 200 & ra i n > with caution. 

Atropine, ffo to jfr grain. 

Acetanilid, 5 grains. 

Antipyrin, 3 to 20 grains. 

Amyl nitris, 1 to 3 minims, by inhalation. 

Arsenic, Fowler's solution, 1 per cent., 2 to 10 minims. 

Caffeine cit. , 2 to 8 grains. 

Camphor, 3 to 20 grains. 

Cannabis Indica, 2 to 5 grains. 

Chloral, 5 to 20 grains. 

Digitalis, \ to 3 grains. 

*A compilation from the best known authorities, by Dr. M. R. French. 



PRESCRIPTION WRITING. 



17 



Ergot, 30 to 60 grains. 

Nux vomica, 1 to 4 grains. 

Strychnina, / to ^0 grain. 

Opium, I to 2 grains. 

Laudanum tincture, 3 to 20 minims. 

Morphine sulph., J to \ grain. 

Phosphorus, T ^- to g 1 ^ grain. 

Saccharin (to replace sugar in diabetes) , \ to 2 grains. 

Salol, 5 to 30 grains; child, \ to 1 grain. 

Santonin, adult, 1 to 5 grains. 

Sulphonal, 15 to 40 grains. 

For the purpose of abbreviating, symbols are often used in 
prescription writing. The subjoined list being some of those 
most commonly used, their definitions also being given: 



Receipt, 


*, 


Take. 


Ana, 


A. A., 


Of each. 


Add, 


Ad., 


Let be added. 


Ad Libitum, 


Ad. Lib., 


. At pleasure. 


Aqua, 


Aq., 


Water. 


Aqua Fervens, 


Aq. Ferv., 


Hot water. 


Bis indies, 


Bis. Ind., 


Twice daily. 


Conguis, 


c, 


A gallon. 


Capiat, 


Cap., 


Let him take. 


Cochleare, 


Cochl., 


A spoonful. 


Compositus, 


Com., 


A compound. 


Doses, 


D., 


A dose. 


Decanta, 


Dec, 


Pour off. 


Destilla, 


Dest., 


Distil. 


Detur, 


Det, 


Let it be given. 


Dilutus, 


Dil., 


Dilute. 


Drachma, 


Drach. , 


A drachm. 


Fiat, 


F., 


Let it be made. 


Fiat Pilula, 


F. Pil., 


Make into a pill 


Fluidus, 


Fl., 


Fluid. 


Granum, 


Gr., 


A grain. 


Gutta, 


Gt., 


A drop. 


Indies, 


Ind., 


Daily. 


Misce, 


M., 


Mix. 



i8 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



Octarius, 


O., 


A pint. 


Omni hora, 


Omn. Hor., 


Every hour. 


Partes aequales, 


P. Ae., 


Equal parts. 


Pilula, 


PiL, 


A pill. 


Pulvis, 


Pulv., 


A powder. 


Quantum sumcit, 


Q.S., 


As much as is sufficient 


Signa, 


s., 


Give directions. 


Semen, 


Sem., 


Seed. 


Singulorum, 


Sing., 


Of each. 


Spiritus, 


Sp., 


Spirit. 


Syrupus, 


Syr., 


Syrup. 


Tinctura, 


Tinct. orTr., 


Tincture. 


Tritura, 


Trit, 


Triturate. 


Iyibra, 


fcb., 


A pound. 


Uncia, 


3> 


An ounce. 


Fluiduncia, 


fi. 5, 


A fluid ounce. 


Drachma, 


3, 


A drachm. 


Scrupulum, 


9, 


A scruple. 


Minimum, 


M., 


A minim. 



It is generally assumed that there are fifteen teaspoonfuls 
of liquid medicine in a two-ounce mixture, thirty in a four- 
ounce mixture, and sixty in an eight-ounce mixture. In cases 
where poisonous drugs are included in the mixture more ac- 
curate estimation is necessary. In a two-ounce mixture, there- 
fore, where a teaspoonful is given at a time, each dose will 
contain ^ of the total amount of each drug in the mixture, as, 
for instance, if a drachm of a drug be added to a two-ounce 
mixture, each teaspoonful dose will contain T K of a drachm, or 
four grains or minims. If two drachms of the drug are in the 
mixture, the teaspoonful dose will contain eight grains or 
minims. Where the maximum dose of a drug is less than one 
grain, the two-ounce mixture to which one grain of the drug 
is added will give, in teaspoonful doses of the compound, y 1 ^ of 
a grain at a dose, and in the same proportion if more than one 
grain is added or if a larger amount of the compound is pre- 
pared. 

Both the Apothecary's and Avoirdupois system of weights 
and measures are used in chemical laboratories. 



PRESCRIPTION WRITING. 19 



APOTHECARY'S 


TABLE. 


AVOIRDUPOIS 


TABLE. 


20 grains equal 


1 scruple. 


10 grains equal 


• i scruple. 


3 scruples " 


1 drachm. 


3 scruples " 


1 drachm 


8 drachms " 


1 ounce. 


16 drachms " 


1 ounce. 


12 ounces " 


1 pound. 


16 ounces " 


1 pound. 



METRIC SYSTEM. 

The Metric system of weights and measures was first adopted 
in France, but is now used in nearly all countries. The ad- 
vantage it possesses over other systems is that the several units 
of length, weight, etc., have a definite relation to one another, 
and, secondly, the different units are multiplied or subdivided 
according to a uniform decimal scale. 

The Meter is the unit of the whole system and is the 
rooVVoo P ar * °f tne length of the fourth part of the distance 
from the Equator to the North Pole; its length is 39.37 inches. 

The multiples of the different units are indicated by pre- 
fixing the Greek names of the numbers to the name of the 
unit, viz., deca, hecto and kilo, and for decimal subdivisions 
the prefixes are the Latin names of numbers, viz., deci, centi 
and milli. 

To illustrate, we have for linear measurement, first the unit, 
the meter, its multiple being the decameter or 10 meters, hec- 
tometer or 100 meters, kilometer or 1,000 meters; its subdivi- 
sions being the decimeter or ^ of a meter, centimeter or r J 7 of 
a meter, and the millimeter or T wo6 of a meter. 

From the meter or unit of length are derived the units of 
capacity and weight, that of capacity being the litre or 1,000 
cubic centimeters, which equals 33.815 fluid-ounces. 

The unit of weight is the gram, which equals 15.43 grains. 
The gram is the weight of a cubic centimeter of water at a tem- 
perature of 39 degrees Fahrenheit. The three units are, there- 
fore, the meter, litre and gram. 






THE MANAGEMENT OF CASES OF POISONING. 



When called to a case of poisoning the first duty of the 
physician is to save the life of the patient. To accomplish 
this— 

I. Get rid of the poison by emptying the stomach. 

2 Render the toxic agent harmless by administering the 
proper antidote. 

3. Employ such methods as will correct any injury that has 
taken place, and that will counteract the effects of the poison. 

To get rid of the poison an emetic should be employed, or 
the stomach tube used without delay. If vomiting has al- 
ready taken place, they may not be needed. 

Of the emetics, Zinc sulphate is one of the best; twenty to 
thirty grains should be given in water (five grains for children). 
Two teaspoonf uls of Sodium chloride (common salt) in a pint 
of water or two teaspoonfuls of mustard in a cup of warm 
water are of service and usually are easily obtained. Sodium 
chloride should not be employed when the poisoning is due to 
Corrosive sublimate or Tartar emetic. 

The following emetics may also be used: Sulphate of Cop- 
per in from one to five grain doses; powdered Ipecac in five to 
twenty grains; Emetine, T ^ to ^ grain; Tartar emetic, 1% grains; 
Apomorphine, -^ to \ of a grain given hypodermically, as it is 
thus more certain in its action. 

The Stomach Tube. — This is of service in many cases of 
poisoning before absorption of the poison has taken place. It 
should be avoided when there is reason to believe that the 
mucous membrane of the oesophagus and the stomach has been 
softened by the corrosive action of the poison, but if it is 
thought that the stomach contains the poison in large quantity 
this objection should not prevent its use. It should be used 
with great caution in cases of aortic aneurism. 

To insert the tube carry the left arm around the patient's 
neck, bringing the left hand, which holds the tube, close to 






CASES. OF POISONING. 21 

the patient's mouth. The end of the tube is now taken in the 
right hand, grasping it much as a pen is held. It is now passed 
into the mouth and on into the pharynx, when the patient is 
instructed to swallow as it is passed downward. A mild lubri- 
cant may be employed, or the tube may be immersed in a 
solution of Bicarbonate of Soda. The end of the tube may be 
sprayed with Kthyl chloride, wiiich serves to anaesthetize the 
mucous surface over which it passes. 

In cases of delirium or convulsions a mouth-gag must be 
used, and care must be taken to see that the stomach tube is 
not passed into the larynx and trachea instead of into the 
pharynx and cesophagus. When the tube is in place the solu- 
tion needed should be passed into the stomach. To siphon the 
fluid out the end of the tube is lowered below the level of the 
stomach before the tube is empty. 

If the poison is known, the proper antidote should be ad- 
ministered. An antidote should possess the following qualities: 
It should act quickly upon the poison and deprive it of its 
deleterious effects; it should be such as can be administered 
in large doses without injury to the patient, and such as will 
produce a harmless chemical combination. 

While the antidote must be chosen for the individual case, 
yet in general it may be said that corrosives and irritants de- 
mand emollients and antiphlogistics, narcotics demand stimu- 
lants, while neurotics require sedatives and antispasmodics. 

Albumin in the form of the white of egg forms, with the 
salts of many metals, compounds that are either slowly soluble 
or insoluble in water. It is especially useful in poisoning by 
the mineral acids, corrosive alkalies, alcoholic solutions of the 
alkaloids, Iodine, Bromine, Chlorine and Mercury. It is easily 
procured and is harmless. The whites of four eggs to a quart 
of lukewarm water is about the proper proportion. As nearly 
all of the compounds formed by ; i are soluble in either an acid 
or alkaline solution, it should be followed immediately by an 
emetic and later by a cathartic. 

When albumin is not obtainable milk may be substituted. 
Its casein, albumin and free alkali renders it especially service- 
able in poisoning by corrosive acids, metallic salts and alkalies, 



22 Blackwood's materia medica. 

especially ammonia. Owing to the fats it contains, it should 
be avoided when a fatty antidote is contraindicated. Borax 
and milk are employed as general antidotes for Iodine and 
Bromine. They may be employed in cases due to corrosive 
acids, corrosive sublimate, zinc and copper salts. In cases due 
to the latter they are not as serviceable as albumin. 

Gelatin is useful in cases wjiere Iodine, Bromine and alums 
are to be antidoted. The objection to it is that its preparation 
requires so much time. 

Gluten is of service when Corrosive sublimate is to be anti- 
doted, but is not always easily obtained, nor is it more service- 
able than albumin. 

Strong infusions of tea and coffee are employed as domestic 
antidotes. Their usefulness is particularly dependent upon 
their "calmative and stimulating effects as well as their astrin- 
gent qualities. The tannin forms precipitates with many of 
the metals and some alkaloids. These precipitates are soluble 
in dilute Hydrochloric acid, such as is found normally in the 
stomach, and also in alcohol. Therefore, alcohol should not 
be given with tannin, and the precipitates should be removed 
by an active purgative. 

Tannin is less satisfactory than albumin as an antidote for 
the metallic salts, with the exception of Tartar emetic, which 
it renders harmless, while albumin has no influence. The tan- 
nin should be administered in doses of from fifteen to forty 
grains prepared in a 2 per cent, solution. It may be repeated 
in fifteen to thirty minutes. If combined with 10 to 15 per 
cent., by weight, of Iodine, its antidotal influence over the 
vegetable poisons is enhanced. When tannin cannot be ob- 
tained, those agents which are known to contain it, as tea, 
rhatany, bark of oak, willow or catechu, may be used. 

Oils and fats, such as melted butter, lard, linseed, olive and 
cotton seed oils, are of service in poisoning due to metallic 
oxides and salts, corrosive acids and alkalies, but they should 
be avoided in cases of poisoning due to Carbolic acid, Canthar- 
ides, Phosphorus and the copper salts, as they assist their ab- 
sorption. 

Soap-suds (made from a pure soap) , one part, by bulk, to four 



CASES OF POISONING. 23 

parts of water, is of service in cupful doses as an antidote for 
the corrosive acids and the metallic salts, such as corrosive 
sublimate and bichromate of potash. 

Gum Arabic and flax seed tea are of service as a mucilagi- 
nous drink in poisoning due to bismuth and all corrosive poi- 
soning. 

Charcoal has but slight antidotal value. It retards the 
action of such poisons as the metallic salts, alkaloids and phos- 
phorus, but its principal action is in absorbing any gases that 
may develop. 

The organic acids, in the form of vinegar or lemon-juice, 
may be employed against the alkalies. Dilute sulphuric acid 
in water is of service in the colic of lead poisoning, and also 
as an antidote to the barium and lead salts. 

Inhalation of ammonia is employed to arouse patients from 
a stupor, but is seldom of any service except when the aeration 
of the blood is imperfect. Its too free use and rapid inhala- 
tion may result in pneumonia. It is an antidote to hydrocy- 
anic acid, the vapors of the corrosive acids, as well as chlorine 
and bromine. 

Sodium chloride is an efficient antidote to the silver salts; 
it may be combined with albumen. 

Potassium permanganate is a reliable antidote to morphine, 
strychnine and phosphorus in the stomach. It should be taken 
in from five to eight grain doses, well diluted with water. 

The hydrated sesquioxide of iron or ferric hydroxide, 
freshly prepared, is the best antidote for arsenic; there should 
be ten parts of it to one of arsenic. It may be made by add- 
ing ammonia or sodium carbonate to an aqueous solution of fer- 
ric chloride or sulphate. Filter the precipitate rapidly through 
a handkerchief, wash it, and give in tablespoonful doses. 

Cathartics are of service, following the employment of a 
chemical antidote, to remove the compounds from the intes- 
tinal tract; of these castor oil, croton oil, senna and sulphate 
of magnesia are the best. 

Acetanilid, Antipyrin and Phenacetin. — The fatal 
dose varies from five to sixty grains, while one ounce has been 
given without fatal results. 



24 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

Symptoms. — Chilliness; the skin is cyanosed and covered 
with cold sweat; pulse weak, soft and slow; respiration slow 
and shallow. When death results it is from respiratory failure. 

Treatment. — If recent, the stomach should be emptied. A 
diff usable stimulant, as alcohol, ammonia, coffee or strychnine, 
should be employed to maintain the heart's action and the res- 
piration. 

The temperature should be kept at normal by means of ex- 
ternal heat. Oxygen may be employed if the cyanosis is pro- 
nounced. 

Sulphonal and Trional are closely related to the above 
group. 

Treatment. — Clean out the stomach and give large quan- 
tities of hot water and enemas of the same. Stimulants as 
needed. 

Acid carbolicum. — This is a product of coal tar. In its 
pure state it is crystal lime, but is a liquid when impure. 

The fatal dose is about sixty grains, while six to ten drops 
have produced dangerous symptoms- when introduced into a 
wound cavity. 

The fatal period is seldom more than forty-eight hours and 
often is within eight hours. 

Symptoms. — When swallowed it produces whitening of 
the lips and mouth, pain in the mouth, throat, and stomach. 
Vomiting does not always occur. A condition of unconscious- 
ness rapidly ensues, with coma, stertorous breathing, and con- 
tracted pupils. Death may occur from paralysis of the respira- 
tion. If death does not occur early, the urine is dark and of a 
greenish hue. 

Treatment. — Acetic acid (vinegar) is considered an anti- 
dote. Oleaginous substances, as sweet oil, dissolve and dilute 
it. These should be followed by an emetic. The white of 
eggs precipitates it; when apomorphine and castor oil may be 
used. Alcohol has been used as an antidote in the form of 
whiskey, brandy, or diluted alcohol; from four to eight ounces 
should be administered through a stomach tube, which is per- 
missible in these cases. Cream followed by sulphate of mag- 
nesium is used as an antidote. Stimulants in the form of 



CASKS OF POISONING. 25 

strychnine and atropine may be needed. Digitalis is needed 
if heart failure is threatened. Sedatives may be required for 
the pain. 

Creasote poisoning demands much the same management as 
carbolic acid. 

Lysol. — This is a mixture of creosote which becomes sol- 
uble in water by the addition of sodium hydroxide. Fatal 
dose, 75 to 92.5 grains. 

Treatment. — Stomach pump; washing out the stomach early, 
and a sustaining treatment. 

Acid hydrochioricum. — Known as " muriatic acid" or 
spirit of salt." The smallest fatal dose reported is one-half 
ounce. The symptoms are much the same as those caused by 
sulphuric acid. There are severe burning pains and vomiting 
of an acid material, which is mixed with shreds of mucous 
membrane. The pulse is small and' rapid. The patient is 
restless, prostrated and thirsty. If death occurs it is in from 
sixteen to thirty hours. 

Treatment is much the same as sulphuric acid. Milk, eggs 
and demulcent drinks, magnesia and lime water should be ad- 
ministered. Water may be given freely. Opiates may be 
ecessary to relieve the pain. 

Nitro-hydrochloric acid poisoning is managed practically 
the same. 

Acid hydrocyanicum, Prussic acid, Hydrogen cy- 
anide. — This is one of the most energetic of known poisons. 

Potassium cyanide, one of its salts, is extensively employed 
in photography, and is also extremely poisonous. 

The fatal dose is less than a grain. The fatal period is from 
two to fifty minutes. 

Symptoms. — The vapor, when inhaled, has speedily caused 
death. When the liquid is swallowed, death is produced so 
quickly that it is difficult to observe symptoms. There is loss 
of muscular power, insensibility, gasping, cold clammy per- 
spiration, glistening eyes, dilated pupils, weak pulse, convul- 
sions and death. 

Small doses produce loss of muscular power, temporary 
paralysis, and involuntary movement of the bowels. 
3 



26 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

Treatment. — Its action is so rapid that no antidote can be 
relied upon. Ammonia is the best and may be injected intra- 
venously. Cold effusions over the head and neck, with 
warmth to the surface and extremities, are of service. Cobalt 
compounds might antidote its effects when taken internally, 
if they could be given immediately. 

Acid nitricum. — This is known as "aqua fortis." The 
smallest fatal dose reported is two drachms. The symptoms are 
the same as those attending poisoning from Sulphuric acid. 
The stains upon the flesh are first white, but soon become 
yellow, and later change to reddish brown. The tissues are 
discolored yellow. There are eructations of a reddish yellow 
gas, while the ejected material is of much the same color, and 
gives off yellow fumes. When inhaled, the acid acts as an 
irritant and produces pneumonia. If death occurs it is in 
from ten to sixteen hours. The treatment is the same as that 
for Sulphuric acid. 

Acid oxalicum. — The injurious effects of this acid depend 
more upon the concentration of the drug than upon the size 
of the dose. Sixty grains is the smallest fatal dose reported. 
L,arge concentrated doses have produced death in three 
minutes. 

Symptoms. — The symptoms of a concentrated toxic dose 
are burning pains in the oesophagus and stomach, with vomit- 
ing of a brown, or black material, which may contain blood. 
There is pain in the abdomen and a sensation of dryness and 
constriction referred to the throat, and the power of speech is 
impaired. Soon a state of complete collapse appears, with 
partial suppression of the urine. Small and diluted doses act 
upon the brain, spinal cord and heart. 

Treatment. — Chalk, salt and lime-water are antidotes. 
Plaster from the wall should be given promptly in emergencies 
when lime cannot be obtained. The alkalies, sodium, potas- 
sium and ammonium salts should be avoided, as they form 
soluble oxalates that are themselves poisonous. Mucilaginous 
drinks should be given to allay irritation. If there is great 
irritation, opiates may be needed to relieve pain. The stomach 
tube should be avoided if there is much injured tissue. The 



CASES OF POISONING. 27 

kidneys are often inflamed, and the stomach irritated as a re- 
sult, and care should be exercised in the diet. 

Surgical attention is occasionally necessary when evidence 
of perforation of the stomach develops. 

Acid sulphuricum. — This is also known as the "oil of 
vitriol." It may be met with either in the dilute or concen- 
trated form. The dilute and the aromatic forms are employed 
in medicine. It is sometimes maliciously thrown over people, 
either to destroy their clothing, or to disfigure them. 

One drachm has caused death in from sixteen to twenty 
hours. 

Symptoms. — The fatal results of the poison are dependent 
upon its corrosive action, and this upon its degree of concen- 
tration. When swallowed there is staining of the mouth and 
lips of a brownish color There is severe pain from the mouth 
to the stomach. Vomiting usually occurs, but not always. The 
ejecta consists of coffee-ground-like material, which contains 
much blood and is strongly acid at first. There is great prostra- 
tion. Death occurs from shock, or asphyxia, within twenty- 
four hours. 

Treatment. — Avoid the stomach pump, as the tissues are 
softened. Give water freely, and some alkali, as chalk, lime 
from the wall, baking soda, soap suds, or lime water. The 
carbonates and bicarbonates should be employed very care- 
fully, as in the presence of an acid they liberate carbon dioxide 
gas, which might rupture the stomach by causing distension. 

Follow the alkali with a demulcent drink, as linseed tea or 
starch paste. Avoid oils for a time. 

Aconite. — Aconitine, the alkaloid, is a most deadly poison. 
The root has been eaten by mistake for horse-radish. 

The fatal dose is about one drachm of the root, one ounce 
of the homoeopathic tincture, four grains of the alcoholic ex- 
tract, and one-sixteenth of a grain of aconitine. Much smaller 
doses than these have resulted fatally. 

The fatal period is less than three hours. 

Symptoms. — The most pronounced symptom is tingling 
and numbness of the lips, tongue, and throat, with giddiness, 
loss of muscular power, pain in the abdomen, vomiting and 



28 Blackwood's materia medica. 

diarrhoea. The skin is cold, the pulse is feeble, the respira- 
tion is labored, and there is dread of death. The mind is 
clear, although the sufferer is numb and paralyzed and death 
occurs in three to four hours. 

Treatment. — Kmpty the stomach by means of emetics or 
the stomach pump; a solution of borax in milk or castor oil is 
of service. Use stimulants, Strychnine, Digitalis, strong coffee, 
artificial respiration, external heat and friction with hot flan- 
nels. Inhalations of ammonia may be given cautiously. Keep 
the patient in the horizontal position. 

Alcohol. — Kthyl, or ordinary alcohol is a frequent cause 
of poisoning. About 45 per cent, of all cases of poisoning are 
the result of this substance. Spirituous liquors of all forms, as 
well as many patent medicines, contain a large percentage of 
alcohol. The fatal dose varies greatly, but about five ounces 
is the average. 

The fatal period varies from twenty minutes to ten to 
fifteen hours, in acute cases. 

Symptoms. — If the dose is a large one the symptoms ap- 
pear rapidly. There may be no stage of excitement, the sub- 
ject passing at once into a state of stupor, coma, and collapse, 
if the stomach is not emptied quickly. 

In some cases there is a remission of the symptoms and 
death may be postponed. 

The pupils are dilated, and the countenance is usually 
flushed. The breath has the characteristic odor. 

Treatment. — Kmpty the stomach by the use of the stomach 
pump, or a stimulating emetic, as mustard, cold applications to 
the head, and hot to the body. Strychnine, atropine, and 
strong coffee are of service. If delirium tremens is present, 
one-thirtieth of a grain of apomorphine, hypodermically, will 
be of service to produce quiet. Cold baths 65 ° F. continued 
for ten to fifteen minutes, every two or three hours, are bene- 
ficial; should the delirium appear suddenly, elimination is im- 
perfect and means should be employed to correct this. 

Aluminum.— The Acetate and Sulphate are the salts that 
are most likely to cause trouble. 

The fatal dose is about one ounce. 



CASKS OF POISONING. 29 

Symptoms.— There is nausea, vomiting, epigastric distress 
and cold, clammy skin. The pulse is feeble and rapid. There 
is depression and death from exhaustion. 

Treatment. — Employ emetics or the stomach pump. Give 
Sulphate of Magnesium and chalk or other alkalies. 

Methyl alcohol. — This is known as "wood spirits" or 
"wood alcohol." It has been the cause of death. The fatal 
dose is not positively known. Three and one-half ounces have 
caused death, while five drachms have resulted in blindness. 

Symptoms. — If the amount consumed has been large, there 
is great muscular weakness, headache, vertigo, nausea, vomit- 
ing and death. In non-fatal poisoning, atrophy of the optic 
nerve is produced. 

Treatment. — Use stimulating emetics or the stomach pump. 
Pilocarpine and Strychnine hypodermically. 

Ammonia. — See Caustic alkalies. 

Antipyrin. — See Acetanilid. 

Aquafortis. — See Acid, nitric. 

Arsenic. — This is the most important metallic poison. 

Copper arsenite (emerald green) , Copper aceto-arsenite 
(Paris green), and Arsenious acid are the forms that most fre- 
quently cause arsenical poisoning. 

The fatal dose varies from a few grains up. The fatal period 
is from two hours to four days. 

Symptoms. —These appear within thirty minutes after tak- 
ing the poison. There is nausea, and usually vomiting with 
exhaustion, burning pain which is at first referred to the stom- 
ach, but gradually extends over the abdomen. There is thirst 
and diarrhoea; the pulse is quick and weak; there is frontal 
headache, with anxiety, restlessness and cold, clammy skin; 
the respirations are painful; the anus is excoriated and tenes- 
mus is present. 

The chronic poisoning simulates gastritis and enteritis, with 
nausea, thirst, diarrhoea with colicky pains, sleeplessness and 
cutaneous eruptions. 

Treatme?it. — If vomiting has not already • taken place, en- 
courage it by the use of a mild emetic, or wash out the stomach 
by the use of the stomach tube. Kmploy albumin and muci- 



30 Blackwood's materia medica. 

laginous drinks freely. Give eggs and milk beaten together, 
or equal parts of an oil and lime-water. As soon as it can be 
retained, administer a dose of from one to two ounces of Castor 
oil to carry the poison from the intestines. 

Freshly prepared Ferric hydroxide administered in large 
doses and then removed by the use of the stomach tube is a 
most efficient antidote. 

Stimulants must be employed and local applications of 
warmth. 

Antimony, Tartar emetic. — While the fatal dose is about 
one drachm, yet two grains have been known to kill an adult 
under certain conditions, while three-quarters of a grain has 
killed a child. 

Symptoms. — Immediately after swallowing the drug there 
is a metallic taste in the mouth, with nausea, vomiting, retch- 
ing and a sensation of burning and pain in the epigastric 
region. There is great debility, with cold perspiration, cramps, 
purging, and difficulty upon swallowing. The symptoms be- 
come more severe and tonic and clonic spasms appear, with 
utter prostration and death. 

The symptoms of chronic poisoning are nausea, vomiting, 
diarrhoea, weakness, prostration, loss of appetite and cold 
sweat. 

Treatment. — Wash out the stomach with milk or greasy 
water. Tea without milk or sugar and other antidotes that 
contain tannin are useful and should be given freely. Tinc- 
ture of Cinchona also is useful. Anodynes may be needed. 

Antimony chloride.- -This agent is a most active corro- 
sive and produces violent inflammation and corrosion of the 
intestinal tract. 

The fatal dose is about three ounces; the fatal period is in 
from ten to twenty-four hours. 

Symptoms. — There are violent pains, with nausea, vomit- 
ing and tenesmus; the mucous surface is charred, blackened 
and destroyed. 

Treatment.— Administer Magnesia with large quantities of 
water and milk, or other agents, as recommended under Tartar 
emetic. 



CASES OF POISONIXG. 3 1 

Atropine. — See Belladonna. 

Barium. — The Chloride, Nitrate and Acetate of Barium 
have been the cause of death. 

Symptoms. — There are cramps, convulsions, loss of speech 
and inflammation of the bowels. 

Treatment. — Give Magnesium sulphate or Sodium sulphate 
and follow with an emetic, or use the stomach pump. 

Belladonna, Stramonium, Hyoscyamus, Scopolia. 
— These agents and their alkaloids. Atropine, Daturine, Hyos- 
cyamine and Scopolamine, are similar both in their toxic 
action and treatment. 

The fatal dose of Atropine is about ^ to \ grain; the fatal 
period is from seven to twelve hours. 

Symptoms. — There is dryness of the mucous surfaces, the 
pupils are dilated and there is delirium; there is a scarlet rash, 
the pulse is rapid and small, the respirations are increased and 
quickened, the temperature is raised. Peristalsis is increased 
as the case advances, the pupils are widely dilated, the temper- 
ature falls, the respirations are shallow, and the skin becomes 
cold and clammy. There is stupor, coma, and death from 
asphyxia. 

Treatment. — Use emetics and wash out the stomach; a solu- 
tion of Borax and milk followed by a permanganate. Pilocar- 
pine is of service in full doses to produce sweating. Place cold 
applications on the head and use artificial respiration. 

Bromine. — The vapors of this agent are highly irritating 
and produce symptoms similar to those of chlorine. The treat- 
ment is also similar. 

Camphor. — This agent is an irritant and is slightly nar- 
cotic. The fatal dose is about 180 grains. 

Symptoms. — There is faintness, giddiness, burning and dis- 
tress in the stomach, dimness of vision, headache, cold clammy 
skin; difficult breathing and walking, delirium, insensibility 
and death. 

Treatment. — Empty the stomach by the use of emetics or 
the stomach pump. Stimulants, as strong coffee, or some 
form hypodermatically should be used. If the drug has been 
swallowed in the solid form do not use alcohol. 



32 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

Cantharides. — This drug is used in the form of tincture, 
cerate, and powder. 

Twenty-four grains of the powder, one-half ounce of the 
cerate and one ounce of the tincture have produced death. 

Symptoms. — There is an acrid stinging sensation in the 
mouth, throat, and stomach, with pain in the loins and stran- 
gury. The urine is diminished in quantity and contains blood. 
There may be painful priapism. There is giddiness, faintness, 
delirium, convulsions and death. When recovery takes place 
the kidneys show a degree of irritation for some time. 

Treatment. — Employ an emetic or the stomach tube, using 
copious mucilaginous drinks, linseed tea and gruel. Hot baths 
assist in relieving the pain in the loins. If the pain is severe, 
opium given per rectum is of service. Do not use oils. 

Carbon dioxide, Carbonic acid gas. — This gas is 
formed by the oxidation of organic matter, and is thus a prod- 
uct both of combustion and of respiration. It occurs in poison- 
ous quantities in mines and at the bottom of wells, etc., where, 
owing to its being heavier than air, it may sometimes collect in 
an almost pure state. Under normal conditions the atmosphere 
contains about four parts of carbon dioxide in 10,000, but in 
improperly ventilated rooms it may readily accumulate in suf- 
ficient quantity to cause discomfort and even danger. Tlie 
amount present should never be allowed to rise above four 
parts in 1000. From 3 to 5 per cent, will produce dangerous 
symptoms if the gas is formed at the expense of the oxygen of 
the air. When present in sufficient quantity to extinguish 
the flame of a candle (10 to 15 per cent.) inhalation of the gas 
is usually fatal. The poison acts chiefly by excluding oxygen 
from the blood and by preventing the elimination of the car- 
bon dioxide which is formed in the tissues. 

When the gas is inhaled in a pure state death usually re- 
sults within ten minutes. If it is less concentrated, the fatal 
period is longer, varying from twelve hours to three days. 

Symptoms. — In poisoning by pure carbon dioxide there 
is an immediate and sudden loss of consciousness, followed in 
a very few minutes by death, either from spasm of the glottis 
or from simple asphyxia. In less acute cases the earliest symp- 



CASES OF POISONING. 33 

torn is usually a tingling or irritation of the nose and throat. 
The head feels heavy and confused, and the patient complains 
of vertigo and noises in \h& ears. Muscular weakness devel- 
ops rapidly, and is accompanied by an overpowering drowsi- 
ness. The pulse is at first full and strong, but later becomes 
very weak. The face grows bluish and cyanotic, the respira- 
tion becomes slow and stertorous, and the patient gradually 
sinks into a profound coma from which he never awakes. In 
some cases nausea and vomiting, and even convulsions, are 
present. Death is usually due to paralysis of respiration. 

Treatment. — Remove the patient at once to the fresh air, 
loosen the clothing, and employ artificial respiration. Fric- 
tion, a cold douch, slapping with a wet towel, or the alternate 
application of hot and cold cloths to the chest may serve to 
arouse reaction. Inhalations of smelling salts or ammonia 
may be useful. When available, oxygen may be employed 
with benefit. After respiration has been restored, stimulants 
should be administered; nitroglycerin, strychnine, atropine, 
or Adrenalin may be used hypodermatically. An enema of 
strong coffee or of brandy and water may be given. Artificial 
heat should be applied to sustain the body temperature, and 
venesection followed by a normal salt infusion may be em- 
ployed to get rid of the poison in the blood. 

Carbon monoxide. — See Coal gas. 

Caustic alkalies and carbonates. — Potash (potassium 
hydroxide), Caustic Soda (Sodium hydroxide), Potassium car- 
bonate (Pearl Ash), Ammonium hydroxide, Ammonium car- 
bonate, Smelling salts. — The fatal dose of these varies in dif- 
ferent individuals, and death has resulted in from four minutes 
to several hours. 

Symptoms. — There is an acrid, burning taste followed by 
a sensation of pain and excoriation extending from the mouth 
to the stomach, and thence to the whole abdomen. There is 
vomiting of a frothy blood; the abdomen is tender to pressure; 
the mucous surfaces of the alimentary tract become soft and 
friable, and portions of the membrane become detached; the 
body is covered with cold perspiration; the pulse is small and 
weak; diarrhoea soon ensues. In cases where recovery has 



34 Blackwood's materia medica. 

taken place complete stricture of the oesophagus has later been 
a cause of death. 

Treatment. — Do not use a stomach tube. Administer a 
weak vegetable acid, as vinegar in water, lemon juice or orange 
juice. This may be followed by oils, such as sweet oil, lard, 
butter or cream. Cardiac stimulants, as Caffeine or Digitalis r 
may be given, and a nourishing and easily digestible diet must 
be employed. 

Chloral hydrate. — This drug is used in preparing 
' i knock-out drops. ' ' 

The fatal dose is from 15 to 150 grains. 

Symptoms. — There may be a transient period of excite- 
ment, which is speedily followed by profound sleep and coma. 
The respiration becomes slow and stertorous, the body cold 
and cyanotic, the pulse slow and weak, and the muscular sys 
tern relaxed. 

Treatment. — Empty the stomach at once by means of the 
stomach pump. Strychnine should be given hypodermatically; 
Picrotoxin is also of service. Apply heat externally. If the 
respiration fails, practice artificial respiration and administer 
Atropine. 

Chronic Chloral Poisoning. — This drug habit produces men- 
tal, moral and physical weakness similar to that produced by 
Alcohol and Opium. 

Treatment. — Withdraw the drug slowly to avoid delirium, 
administer nerve stimulants, and employ a nutritious, easily- 
digested diet. Keep the bowels open to favor elimination. 

Chlorine. — This substance is used commercially for bleach- 
ing purposes. It is a powerful irritant, causing intense con- 
gestion and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the re- 
spiratory tract. In the presence of water a part of the gas is 
converted into Hydrochloric acid, which adds to the irritation. 

The fatal quantity depends upon concentration. Death 
takes place in from a few minutes to several days. 

Symptoms. — Smarting of the eyes, cough, dyspnoea and 
inability to swallow are early symptoms; later catarrh of the 
nose and throat appears, followed by bronchitis and perhaps 
pneumonia. In very acute cases death may result from spasm 
of the glottis. 



CASES OF POISONING. 35 

Treatment. — Fresh air, accompanied by inhalation of very 
dilute Ammonia or Hydrogen sulphide; if these are not avail- 
able, use steam, Ether or Chloroform. Mild stimulants may be 
necessary to counteract the after-effects of the poison. 

Coal gas, Water gas, Carbon monoxide. — The gas 
used for illuminating purposes is a mixture of Hydrogen and 
Carbon monoxide with several hydrocarbons, chiefly Methane. 
The Monoxide is the principal poisonous ingredient. Coal gas 
contains from 5 to 20 per cent, of it, water gas from 20 to 40 
per cent. 

This Oxide of Carbon is much more poisonous than the 
Dioxide. It unites with the hemaglobin of the blood, not 
only displacing the oxygen, but also acting upon the nerve 
centers as a paralysant. 

One-tenth of one per cent, in the atmosphere is usually fatal. 
Death takes place within two or three hours. 

Symptoms. — The symptoms are very similar to those caused 
by Carbon dioxide, but are more severe. The muscular weak- 
ness is more marked; palpitation of the heart is excessive, often 
continuing during the coma, and there is usually a character- 
istic pink or rose-colored tint to the skin, quite in contrast 
with the livid color of Dioxide poisoning. 

Treatment. — This is practically the same as the treatment 
for Carbon dioxide. Venesection and intravenous injection of 
normal salt solution is more often indicated here, however, 
and, if oxygen is used, it must be inhaled under pressure to 
be effective. Hydrogen peroxide, both by the mouth and 
hypodermatically, has been employed with benefit. 

Cocaine. — This is a crystalline alkaloid of the Krythroxy- 
lon coca. 

The fatal dose is from five grains up. 

Symptoms. — Small doses produce cardiac, respiratory and 
cerebral stimulation, while poisonous doses give rise to cardiac 
and respiratory embarrassment, so that the pulse becomes small 
and rapid, the respiration slow and feeble, and death results 
from spasms of the muscles of respiration and of the heart. 

Treatment — Emetics to empty the stomach, then employ 
stimulants, Amyl nitrate, Nitroglycerine, Strvchnine and Am- 



; 



2,6 bi^ackwood's materia medica. 

monium carbonate, artificial respiration, and Atropine if the 
respiration shows failure. In cases of collapse give Bther or 
Chloroform hypodermatically. 

In chronic cases stop the use of the drug and give Avena 
sativa, Hyoscyamine or Valerian as substitutes, and Strychnine 
or Nux vomica as stimulants. Watch the patient for several 
months following the apparent cure to prevent a recurrence of 
the habit. 

Colchicum. — This agent acts as an irritant to the gastro- 
intestinal tract. 

The fatal dose is }4 ounce of the seeds, 2% drachms of the 
Wine of Colchicum, and }4 grain of the alkaloid, Colchicine, 

The fatal period is about twenty-four hours. 

Symptoms. — There is nausea, vomiting of bloody matter, 
purging and rapid exhaustion; there is thirst and pain in th 
throat, oesophagus and stomach; the skin is cold and clammy 
there is muscular exhaustion followed by collapse and death. 

Treatment. — Use emetics, wash out the stomach, give astrin- 
gents, as strong tea or a solution of tannin; follow with muci- 
laginous drinks, stimulants and anodynes if necessary. 

Conium. — This is also known as spotted hemlock. 

The fatal dose is one drop of the alkaloid; the fatal period 
is from one to three hours. 

Symptoms. — There are nausea, vertigo, dilated pupils, ptosis, 
drowsiness and headache. The motor nerves are affected, and 
there is a sensation of tingling in the muscles and a gradual 
paralysis that extends upward from the extremities until the 
muscles of respiration are involved, when death results from 
asphyxia. 

Treatment. — Give emetics or use the stomach pump. Give 
Borax and milk, strong tea or a solution of tannin. Strychnine 
or Picrotoxin are the physiological antagonists. Employ arti- 
ficial respiration or give Atropine when the respiration fails. 
Use external heat. 

Copper. — The metal itself is not poisonous, but the Salts 
of Copper are. 

Copper sulphate (blue vitriol or blue stone) in half-ounce 
doses is an active irritant. 



CASKS OF POISONING. 37 

Copper subacetate (verdigris) in half-ounce doses has been 
the cause of death. 

Copper arsenite (mineral green, Scheele's green) is em- 
ployed in the manufacture of green paper, candies, etc. Its 
constant inhalation is a cause of many cases of chronic poison- 
ing. 

The fatal period is from five to twenty hours. 

Symptoms. — Pain that extends from the epigastrium to the 
whole abdomen, with vomiting and diarrhoea, headache with 
giddiness, coldness of the extremities, dyspnoea and depres- 
sion. The urine is partially suppressed, and jaundice is occa- 
sionally present. If the poisoning has been slow there is a 
purple line along the edge of the gums. 

Treatment. — If vomiting has not occurred, the stomach 
pump should be employed, and the stomach thoroughly washed 
out. Follow this with albumin, give several eggs, both the 
white and yolk, plenty of milk, mucilaginous drinks, alkalies 
or soap-suds. 

Treatment of chronic copper poisoning. The supply of 
copper should be stopped, and elimination increased by the 
employment of baths, and the use of small repeated doses of 
Pilocarpine, Phosphorus or Phosphoric acid. 

Corrosive sublimate. — See Mercury. 

Creosote. — See Acid Carbolic. 

Croton oil. — The fatal dose is about fifty minims, although 
a much larger dose has been recovered from. 

Symptoms. — There is vomiting, purging, griping abdom- 
inal pain and collapse. 

Treatment. — Employ emetics or the stomach pump, and 
mucilaginous drinks with anodynes as needed. 

Cyanides. — See Acid Hydrocyanic. 

Decayed foods. — See Ptomaines. 

Digitalis and Digitaline. — Fatal period, twenty-four 
hours. 

Symptoms. — Vomiting, purging, colic, headache, slowness 
and extreme irregularity of the pulse, dimness of vision, 
dilated pupils, prostration, convulsions and coma. 

Treatment. — Avoid emetics, using the stomach pump in- 



38 Blackwood's materia mejbica. 

stead. Give tea or some preparation containing Tannin, and 
follow this with Castor oil. 

Keep the patient in a horizontal position and apply exter- 
nal heat to the abdomen. Aconite and Opium may be given, 
but with caution. 

Ferrous sulphate, Green vitriol, Copperas. — Large doses 
employed to produce abortion have been known to result 
fatally. The tincture of the Chloride has produced severe ill- v 
ness. 

Symptoms. — There is severe abdominal distress. In some 
cases diarrhoea, in others constipation. There is suppression 
of the urine. 

Treatment. — Kmploy freely Magnesia and large quantities 
of fluid. 

Formaldehyde. — A 40 per cent, solution of this gas in 
water, known as Formalin, is used extensively as a disinfectant 
and preservative. 

Two ounces of a 4 per cent, solution have caused death. 

Symptoms. — These are in many particulars similar to those 
of Alcohol. 

Treatment. — If the agent has been swallowed, the treatment 
is similar to that for acute alcoholic poisoning. If it has been 
inhaled, inhalations of Ammonia, given very cautiously, are of 
service. 

G-as. — See Carbon dioxide, coal gas and Hydrogen Sul- 
phide. 

Gelsemium. — The fatal dose is about one drachm of the 
fluid extract, and one-half ounce of the tincture, although 
death has resulted from less. The fatal period is from one to 
seven hours. 

Symptoms. — These are, muscular weakness, vertigo, double 
vision, dilated pupils, slow and feeble heart action, labored 
respiration, anaesthesia, staggering gait, dropped eyelids and 
jaw, respiratory failure and death. 

Treatment. — Emetics and stomach pump. Wash out the 
stomach, but with an astringent, as Tannin. Hot and cold 
douches, stimulants, Strychnine and Digitalis, Morphine and 
Atropine, hypodermically, and electricity may be used. Keep 
the patient in the horizontal position. 



CASES OF POISONING. 39 

Hydrogen sulphide, Hydrosulphuric Acid. — This is the 
hief toxic agent contained in sewer gas. It is formed when- 
ever organic matter containing Sulphur decays, and may be 
letected by its powerful characteristic odor. 

When inhaled it destroys the oxygen carrying power of the 
blood, and also paralyzes the nerve centres. 

Death usually results if one-tenth of i per cent, of the gas 
is present in the air. In poisoning by the pure gas the fatal 
period is from ten to thirty minutes, in less acute cases it is 
from one to three days. 

Symptoms. — In a very concentrated form the gas causes 
lmost instantaneous death. When dilute, there is irritation 
of the mucous membrane of the nose and throat, with cough 
and dyspnoea, accompanied by dizziness and headache. 
Nausea and diarrhoea sometimes develop and the patient in- 
variably complains of great muscular -weakness. Drowsiness 
and finally stupor come on, with stertorous breathing, slow 
pulse, and cold sweat. Death follows from paralysis of respira- 
tion. 

Treatment. — Remove the patient to fresh air and give in- 
halations of Chlorine, together with mild stimulants and arti- 
ficial respiration. Oxygen or normal salt infusion may be 
necessary. 

Hydrophobia. — See Rabies. 

Hyoscyamus. — See Belladonna. 

Iodine. — Death has resulted from swallowing the tincture, 
also from inhaling the vapor. 

Fatal dose, three grains of the crystals. 

Symptoms. — The inhalation of the vapor produces great 
irritation of the mucous surfaces. When swallowed there is 
severe pain in the stomach, with a feeling of constriction in 
the throat, oedema of the glottis and salivation. There is 
dizziness, faintness and vomiting. The urine soon contains 
albumin and casts. 

Treatme?it. — Empty the stomach and wash it out with a 
solution of starch of some form, as dilute starch paste or flour 
in water. Sodium bicarbonate is also an antidote. 

Iodoform. — This compound has been the cause of death in 



40 Blackwood's materia medica. 

a few cases when administered internally and applied locally. 
The susceptibility to the drug increases with age. 

Symptoms. — They may appear first as an erythema or 
eczema tous eruption; second, as a febrile attack with an eleva- 
tion of temperature and an increased pulse rate, headache, de- 
lirium, and gastro-intestinal irritation; third, there is prostra- 
tion with depressed heart's action, mental confusion, coma and 
death. 

Treatment. — Clean out the stomach if the poison has been 
introduced in that way. Assist elimination by the use of baths 
and diuretics. Stimulants may be needed to maintain the 
heart's action. 

Iron salts. — See Ferrous sulphate. 

Laudanum. — See Morphine. 

Lead. — This agent in its metallic state is not poisonous, 
but the acetate, sub-acetate, and carbonate are poisonous. 

The fatal dose of the acetate is about one and three- 
fourths ounces; the sub-acetate, two to three ounces; the car- 
bonate, one hundred and fifty grains. The fatal period varies 
from thirty-six hours up. 

Symptoms. — There are cramping pains and constrictions 
about the throat and abdomen, stiffness of the abdominal 
muscles, constipation, scanty urine, a blue line along the 
margin of the gums, and " wrist drop. " The pulse is slow and 
hard. Remissions of the symptoms occur. 

Treatment. — Wash out the stomach. If the acetate has 
been taken, give one-tenth of a grain of Apomorphine, hypo- 
dermically. Sodium sulphate, Magnesium sulphate or Alum, 
dissolved in water, should be given freely to convert the 
soluble salt into an insoluble Sulphate. Give milk and eggs 
also. 

Chronic lead poisoning" is frequently met. Small doses 
enter the system through drinking waters; the application of 
lotions containing lead; employments that necessitate being 
in constant contact with the metal, the reduction of lead and 
the use of paints, etc. 

Symptoms. — At first they are obscure. There are digest- 
ive disturbances, with loss of flesh and mental depression. 



CASES OF POISONING. 41 

There is colic which is of a twisting, grinding character, and 
is relieved by pressure. The abdomen is hard and retracted, 
the bowels are constipated, the urine is decreased in quantity 
or suppressed, the skin is cold and clammy, the gums are ten- 
der and show a blue line next to the teeth, and the pulse is 
slow and retarded. Wrist drop is present in many of these 
cases. 

Treatment. — Ten grain doses of the Iodide of Potassium 
or Sodium is the most reliable antidote. It should be given 
every three hours. Warm Sulphate waters are of service. 
Olive or Castor oil is of service in relieving the constipation. 
Agents must be employed to relieve the pain. 

Matches. — See Phosphorus. 

Mercury. — In its uncombined state this agent is not con- 
sidered poisonous, but when vaporized or finely divided it is 
readily absorbed and is then poisonous. 
The fatal dose varies. 

Symptoms. — The great symptom is ptyalism or salivation. 
There is a metallic, coppery taste. The gums are tender and 
there is a bluish or whitish line at the edge of the teeth. The 
teeth feel tender when the jaw is closed. The breath is fetid. 
The amount of saliva discharged in twenty -four hours has been 
known to reach two gallons. The tongue, face and throat be- 
come swollen, the teeth brittle, loose and carious. The max- 
illae may also become carious. There is ulceration of the soft 
structures of the mouth and fauces. The blood is deterior- 
ated. There are involuntary muscular tremors and asthmatic 
breathing. The pulse is weak and slow. 

Treatment. — Mild cases do not require treatment. In severe 
cases assist elimination by means of Turkish or Russian baths. 
A mouth wash consisting of a weak solution of Hypochlorate 
of Soda or Permanganate of Potash. The mouth should be 
washed with a warm non-irritating solution. The tremor will 
be benefited by Phosphide of Zinc or Hyoscin hydrobromate. 

Salts of Mercury, Bichloride, Nitrate, Cyanide, Iodide. — 
The fatal dose is from three grains up. 

The fatal period is from one-half hour to five hours. 

Symptoms. — When the Bichloride, which is the most im- 
4 



42 Blackwood's materia mejdica. 

portant salt, is taken, there is a burning acrid sensation ex- 
tending from the throat to the stomach, which increases in 
severity. Nausea and vomiting soon appear, the ejected ma- 
terial containing blood. There is thirst. The abdomen is 
bloated and diarrhoea appears. The stools are small and bloody. 
The urine is scanty and may be suppressed. There are cramps 
in the limbs with stupor, convulsions and collapse. In from 
two to three days, salivation appears. 

Treatment. — Use albumin in the form of eggs, flour, or 
milk. An excess of albumin redissolves the precipitate. This 
should be avoided by washing out the stomach, following the 
use of the albumin. A 5 per cent, solution of borax in milk is 
also of service. Be careful in the use of the stomach pump, 
as the mucous surface is frequently eroded. 

Morphine, Opium. — Morphine is the chief alkaloid con- 
tained in Opium. 

Laudanum and Paregoric are solutions of Opium in Alco- 
hol, the latter being camphorated, and both exhibit symptoms 
closely resembling those of Morphine. The fatal dose of 
Morphine is one grain for an adult. Children are much more 
susceptible, -^ to ^ grain being sufficient to cause death. The 
fatal dose of Opium is six grains for adults and J to \ grain for 
children. That of Laudanum is about five drachms. 

The fatal period varies from six to twelve hours. 

Symptoms. — The symptoms commence with a period of 
cerebral excitement, accompanied by headache, flushed face, 
rapid pulse, and dryness of the throat. 

In a short time a sensation of weakness and weight in the 
limbs begins to be felt, followed by overpowering drowsiness, 
and the patient gradually sinks into unconsciousness. At first 
he can be easily aroused, but later this becomes impossible. 
The breathing is slow, labored and stertorous, the pulse feeble, 
the face pale, and the skin warm and moist. Muscular relaxa- 
tion is marked. The jaw drops, the eyelids are half closed, 
the pupils are strongly contracted and do not react to light. 
Death is usually due to respiratory paralysis. 

Large doses of Laudanum or Paregoric sometimes cause 
vomiting, and in children convulsions may develop. 



CASES OF POISONING. 43 

Treatment. — The stomach should be washed out with a 
strongly colored solution of Potassium permanganate, intro- 
duced by means of the stomach tube. If a tube is not avail- 
able an emetic, preferably mustard, may be used. Atropine or 
Picrotoxin should be administered subcutaneously, and a 
strong coffee enema may also be given. A solution of Borax 
has been recommended. Alcohol should be avoided. Respi- 
ration should be stimulated by exercise, dashes of cold water, 
friction, slapping, artificial respiration, the galvanic current or 
anything that will serve to prevent cyanosis. Care should be 
taken, however, not to allow the patient to overexert himself, 
as this might cause paralysis of the already depressed heart. 

Muriatic acid. — See Acid Hydrochloric. 

Mushrooms, Poisonous fungi and Toadstools.— 
There are many poisonous varieties of fungi, some of them not 
easily distinguished from the edible species. In general, it 
may be said that poisonous mushrooms have white gills, rough 
or warty caps, sometimes highly colored, and a hollow bulbous 
stalk. The harmless varieties have pink gills, turning brown- 
ish-purple when picked, smooth white or light brown cap, a 
solid stem and no bulb, 

It should be noted that the edible mushroom may become 
poisonous when transplanted to a different soil or when 
cooked and allowed to stand for a few hours. In the latter in- 
stance the change is due to the formation of toxic decomposi- 
tion-products. 

Two poisonous species deserve special mention. 

Amanita Muscaria. Fly Fungus. — This form has white gills 
and a yellow or red cap studded with small corky particles. It 
contains the alkaloid muscarine, which is a powerful neurotic. 
Death occurs in from eighteen hours to three days. 

Symptoms. — The symptoms develop in about an hour, com- 
mencing with headache, vertigo and amaurosis. Dyspnoea is 
present, and although pain is not marked, there is much 
prostration, usually accompanied by convulsions or perhaps 
tetanus. Violent delirium may appear later and finally coma 
develops, followed by death from cardiac paralysis. 

Treatment. — Give an emetic, preferably mustard and water, 



44 Blackwood's matkria medica. 

and then inject Atropine, hypodermically, in T ^ to fa grain 
doses, or give tincture of Belladonna in ten minim doses by 
the mouth. Follow this with a dose of Castor oil or some other 
purgative, and apply warmth and stimulants as indicated. 

Amanita Phalloides. ''Death Cup." — This species differs 
from A. muscaria in having a smooth white cap, on account of 
which it is not infrequently mistaken for the edible mushroom. 
The fatal period is from two to four days. 

Symptoms. — The symptoms do not appear until rive to 
fifteen hours after ingestion of the poison. They are similar 
to those of A. muscaria, but in addition, there is intense ab- 
dominal pain, accompanied by nausea and violent purging. 
The patient does not usually lose consciousness early, but the 
prostration is extreme, and the final result is collapse and 
death. 

Treatment. — There is no known antidote for the toxal- 
bumin contained in this species. The treatment should con- 
sist in getting rid of the poison as quickly as possible by 
emetics and cathartics, and then using warmth and stimulants. 
If the pain is very intense it may be necessary to give Mor- 
phine. 

Nicotine. — See Tobacco. 

Nux vomica. — See Strychnine. 

Opium. — See Morphine. 

Paregoric. — See Morphine. 

Paris green. — See Arsenic. 

Phenol. — See Acid Carbolic. 

Phosphorus. — This agent, found in rat-poison and in 
matches, is at times the cause of death. 

The fatal dose is about one grain. The fatal period is from 
half an hour to several days. 

Symptoms. — These are varied. The immediate symptoms 
are irritation of the stomach, the vomiting of material that is 
luminous in the dark and may be tinged with blood. The 
breath often has the odor of garlic. There is prostration with 
diarrhcea, the stools often containing blood. After a few days 
there appears a second group of symptoms, which resemble 
septicaemia. The skin is yellow and dry. There are ecchy- 



CASKS OF POISONING. 45 

moses in various parts; the liver is enlarged; the urine is sup- 
pressed and contains albumin; the blood is disorganized, and 
there is fatty degeneration of various organs. 

Treatment. — Emetics early and faithfully. Wash out the 
stomach. Mucilaginous drinks, containing Magnesia. If oils 
are used remove them with the stomach pump. 

Potash. — See Caustic alkalies. 

Potassium nitrate. — This is known as Niter or Saltpeter. 

The smallest fatal dose recorded is one ounce, death re- 
sulting in from three to six hours. 

Symptoms. — There are severe pains in the stomach, vomit- 
ing, a. slow weak pulse, prostration, cramps in the extremities, 
cold perspiration, convulsions and death. 

Treatment.— -There is no known antidote. Employ emetics 
or the stomach pump. Relieve the pain, use cardiac stimu- 
lants, and a treatment that will avert -the collapse. 

Prussic acid.— See Acid hydrocyanic. 

Ptomaines, Decayed foods. — During the bacterial de- 
composition of nitrogenous foods, such as meat (especially 
if canned), fish, milk, cheese, etc., certain compounds of an 
alkaloidal nature are formed, known as ptomaines. Some of 
these substances are poisonous, producing severe gastrointes- 
tinal irritation, characterized by nausea, vomiting, purging 
and intense abdominal pain. At times neurotic symptoms 
develop, such as twitching and paralysis. 

No direct antidote for the ptomaines is known. The treat- 
ment must therefore be of a general nature. Emetics and 
cathartics should be administered, followed by whatever stim- 
ulating measures may be needful, special conditions being met 
as they arise. 

Rabies, Hydrophobia. — The nature of the poison which 
causes this affection is not well understood, but it seems prob- 
able that it is bacterial in origin. 

It usually enters the system through a bite or similar 
wound, into which the saliva of a rabid animal has penetrated. 

The period of incubation varies from three weeks to two 
months, but after the onset of the disease death takes place 
within three or four days. 



46 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

Symptoms. — The first symptom noticed is a slight difficulty 
in swallowing, accompanied by nervousness and irritability. 
Hyperesthesia develops rapidly, until in a few hours, a slight 
noise or the sight of anything bright and shining brings on a 
convulsion. The pulse is very rapid, the respiration spas- 
modic and jerky. This spasmodic condition attacks the throat 
in particular, and any attempt to swallow, especially water, 
causes a convulsive closure of the pharynx, although the 
patient is usually extremely thirsty. The condition event- 
ually becomes so acute that the sight or even the thought of 
water brings on a paroxysm. Hallucinations usually accom- 
pany this stage of the disease, and at times violent mania 
develops. I,ater the excitement gives way to collapse, the 
patient becomes relaxed and quiet, and finally lapses into un- 
consciousness. 

Treatment. — The disease is incurable when once devel- 
oped, and hence every attention should be turned to prophy- 
laxis. The suspected wound should be thoroughly cauterized 
with strong Carbolic or Nitric acids, -or with the actual cautery. 
Mild caustics are of little value, and ligation above the wound 
appears to do no good. The injection of an antitoxin derived 
from the brain-tissue of an immunized animal has met with 
excellent results at the Pasteur Institute. After the disease 
begins to develop, little can be done except to make the pa- 
tient as comfortable as possible by darkening the room and 
using Chloroform or Morphine to control the spasms. 

Rat poison. — See Arsenic. 

Rhus toxicodendron, Poison ivy, Poison sumach or 
Poison oak. 

Symptoms. — These are mostly confined to the skin, where 
there is intense itching and burning, with a papular eruption, 
vesication, and desquamation. Taken internally, it produces 
gastro-intestinal irritation, dilated pupils, feeble pulse and 
rapid respiration, but no deaths are reported: 

Treatment. — Weak alkaline lotions, applications of Grin- 
delia robusta, painting of the parts with Ichthyol, or an alco- 
holic solution of Acetate of Lead, or the application of Carbol- 
ized vaseline. Rhus tox. may be given internally in small 



CASES OF POISONING. 47 

doses to relieve the symptoms. The active principle of the 
drug may be removed from the hands and other parts by means 
of alcohol, as it is insoluble in water. 

Saltpetre. — See Potassium nitrate. 

Santonin. — This has been the cause of death among chil- 
dren. The fatal dose has been from two grains up. 

Symptoms. — The most pronounced symptom is yellow vi- 
sion or xanthopsia, all objects appearing of an abnormal color. 
The urine is increased in quantity and has the characteristic 
odor. The face is pale or blue about the eyes. There may be 
vomiting, unconsciousness, convulsions and death from failure 
of the respiratory organs. 

Treatment. — Assist elimination by warm baths. Use arti- 
ficial respiration, and give stimulants both externally and in- 
ternally. If very recently taken clean out the stomach. 

Sewer gas. — See Hydrogen sulphide. 

Soda. — See Caustic alkalies. 

Stramonium. — See Belladonna. 

Strychnine. — This substance is the principal alkaloid of 
Xux vomica. It is of a powerful motor stimulant, causing 
death in from half an hour to two hours. The fatal dose is 
one-half to one grain. 

Symptoms. — There is restlessness and anxiety followed by 
twitching and trembling. Finally the patient is seized with 
sudden tetanic convulsions, the contractions usually causing 
opisthotonos. The face wears an expression of agony, and the 
breathing is short and jerky. In one-half to five minutes the 
spasm ends and there is a period of relaxation, followed after 
a time by another convulsion. The spasms are easily induced, 
a slight noise or jar being sufficient to bring one on. They 
continue until the patient dies either from exhaustion or from 
asphyxia due to fixation of the respiratory muscles. The mind 
usually remains clear throughout the attack. 

Treatment. — Place the patient in a dark room, wash out 
the stomach with a solution of Potassium permanganate, or if 
there is danger of causing a convulsion by using the stomach 
tube, giving Apoinorphine hypodermatically. Chloral hydrate 
should be administered in full doses, and if collapse is immi- 



48 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

nent, Amyl nitrate may be employed. Inhalations of oxygen 
are at times very beneficial. Cardiac depressants should be 
avoided. 

Snake poison. — The commonest venomous snakes of this 
country are the rattlesnake, the copperhead, and the moccasin. 
The poison is a toxalbumen secreted by a pair of glands cor- 
responding to the parotid glands in man. Fatal cases are not 
frequent, but when death does occur it usually takes place 
within twelve hours. 

Treatment. — Legate the limb above the wound and wash 
thoroughly with Potassium permanganate. Apply suction or 
any other available method to remove the affected blood from 
the wound, and inject a few drops of a 10 per cent, solution of 
Calcium hypochlorite subcutaneously here and there about 
the wound to destroy whatever poison may remain. Chloride 
of gold has also been used successfully for this purpose. 

Antivenin, a recently introduced serum from an immunized 
animal, has been highly recommended. 

Systemic elimination may be aided by full doses of Pilo- 
carpine. The heart should be sustained by Strychnine or 
some other suitable stimulant. Alcohol, in the form of 
whiskey, is usually used for this purpose, but is inferior to 
other drugs. It has some antidotal action, however, in 
destroying whatever poison may find its way into the stomach. 

Tartar emetic. — See Antimony. 

Tobacco, Nicotine. — Tobacco owes most of its toxic 
properties to the alkaloid nicotine, which is as poisonous as 
Prussic acid. The leaves contain from 2 to 8 per cent, of it. 

Symptoms. — These are nausea, vomiting, purging and ex- 
treme prostration, with pallor, cold sweat and slow, irregular 
pulse. Coma develops later and the patient dies from paralysis 
of respiration. 

Treatment. — Wash out the stomach with an infusion of 
green tea or with a vegetable astringent containing Tannin, 
allowing the patient to retain some of the solution in the 
stomach. Then stimulate with Strychnine, Atropine, hot ap- 
plications, etc. , as indicated. 

Veratrum viride. — The fatal dose is about two and one- 
half drachms of the tincture. 



CASES OF POISONING. 49 

The fatal period is about twenty hours. 

Symptoms. — There are nausea and vomiting, with general 
weakness. The pulse is reduced in force. There is dizziness, 
dimness of vision, cold and clammy skin, and death is usually 
from cardiac failure. 

Treatment. — Employ emetics and the stomach pump. 
Strychnine, Digitalis, brandy or whiskey to control the nau- 
sea; warm drinks. Keep the patient in the horizontal position. 

Wood alcohol. — See Alcohol methyl. 

Zinc. — All the soluble salts of zinc are poisonous. Two 
drachms of Zinc sulp hated and one and one-half drachms of 
Zinc chloride are the smallest recorded fatal doses. The fatal 
period is from four to twenty-four hours. 

Symptoms. — There is severe pain in the throat, stomach, 
and bowels; diarrhoea, restlessness, debility, vertigo, and head- 
ache are present. Coma and convulsions precede death. 

In the chronic form there is catarrh of the stomach and in- 
testines, chills, pains in the back, headache, amaurosis, and 
perversion of the senses of taste and smell. The symptoms 
from the Chloride are similar but more intense. 

Treatment. — Clean out the stomach, use warm mucilaginous 
drinks, milk with Borax, eggs, alkaline phosphates and vege- 
table astringents. 



ABIES CANADENSIS. 

"Description-Natural Order, Coniferae. Common Names, 
Hemlock, Spruce, Canada Pitch. Habitat, North America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture from the fresh bark and 
young buds. The juice or aleoresin which exudes from the 
tree is known as Canada pitch. Dosage. — Mother tincture, 
1-30 drops. Unofficial Canada Pitch, applied externally. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
membrane of the stomach, producing a catarrhal condition, a 
depraved appetite, lowered nutrition. There is a prolapsus of 
the uterus as a result of the defective nutrition. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of dyspepsia when the pa- 
tient is irritable and easily annoyed. The mouth is dry; there 
is a faint feeling in the epigastric region with gnawing hunger 
and craving for meats, pickles and coarse food, and a tendency 
to eat beyond his capacity. Following the meal there is a 
rumbling of gas in the intestines. The bowels are constipated 
and there is often a sensation as of burning in the rectum. As 
a result of the gastric and intestinal derangement the general 
nutrition is impaired. The heart's action is disturbed by the 
accumulation of gas in the intestines; there is prolapsus of the 
uterus and a feeling of weakness in the pelvic region. 

There is a pain behind the right shoulder blade, and a sen- 
sation as of cold water between the shoulders. 

The skin is cold and clammy,, the hands are cold and 
shrunken, the patient is greatly prostrated and desires to lie 
down. 

Compare. — Nux vomica, Abies nigra, Helonias. 

ABIES NIGRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Coniferae. Common 
Name, Black Spruce. Habitat, America. Preparations.- 



ABROTAXUM. 51 

Homoeo., Mother tincture of the guru which oozes from, the 
tree upon making an incision. Dilutions, U. S. P. not official. 
The essence from the young branches is used in preparing 
Spruce Beer. Dosage. — Mother tincture 1-30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
membrane of the stomach, causing a derangement of the di- 
gestive process. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of gastric derangement 
when there is a sensation of an undigested substance at the 
cardiac extremity of the stomach; there is a pain in the stom- 
ach after a heavy meal. There is no appetite for breakfast, but 
great craving for food at noon and in the evening. Accom- ' 
panying the gastric derangement the patient is low spirited 
and melancholy; he is unable to think clearly, and complains 
of a dull headache or distress about the head. The bowels are 
constipated. 

Oonipare. — Bryonia, Nux vomica^ Pulsatilla and Lactic 
acid. 



ABROTANUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Synonyms^ 
Arteinesia abrotanum, Southernwood. Habitat, Europe. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves, and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture i-io drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces marasmus 
through its action upon the digestive organs and its effects 
upon the metabolism. 

It also produces anesthesia and symptoms of paresis, as well 
as those of rheumatism. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in marasmus of children where the 
skin is flabby and loose; inflammatory rheumatism before the 



52 Blackwood's materia medica. 

swelling has appeared; also in cases of gout r when the wrist 
and ankle joints are painful and swollen. 

When it is indicated in marasmus the child is cross and ir- 
ritable; there are dark rings about the eyes; the appetite h 
ravenous and yet the child is becoming more emaciated, the 
lower extremities show the greatest emaciation. 

It also meets the indications of cases of chlorosis and gas- 
tralgia when the gastric symptoms correspond; also cases of 
rheumatism and gout when there is great lameness and sore- 
ness, with metastasis to the heart. Cases of chronic myelitis 
and spinal inflammation are benefited by it when there are pains 
in the back which come suddenly, and are relieved by motion, 
and are attended by numbness and paralysis. 

It should be studied in tuberculous peritonitis. 

Compare. — Bryonia, Natrum muriaticum, Iodine, Ben- 
zoic acid. 



ABSINTHIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Synonyms, 
Artemesia absinthium, Wormwood. Habitat, Kurope, and 
naturalized in America. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother 
tincture of the fresh young leaves and blossoms. U. S. P. , 
' 'The leaves and tops of Artemesia absinthium." The alco- 
holic solution of the oil of wormwood is used in the preparation 
of the French liqueur under the name of Absinthe. Dosage. 
Homceo., Tincture, 1-30 drops. U. S. P., Of the leaves, one 
to two scruples; of the oil, 1-2 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a nerve depress- 
ant. A dose of one drachm, or less, in dogs, produces tremors, 
spasmodic muscular action, intoxication, and loss of sensi- 
bility; while large doses produce violent epileptoid seizures. 
Small doses act as a gentle stimulant to man, while larger 
doses cause headaches, cerebral disturbances, and clonic hys- 
terical convulsions. When partaken of for some time the 
mental and physical powers are enfeebled, the virile power is 
lost in the male, while the menopause is premature in the 
female. 



ACETAN1XIDUM. 53 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of epileptiform convul- 
sions, cerebral irritation, and infantile hysterical spasm. Epi- 
lepsy that is preceded by nervous trembling, when there is 
distortion of the features, the pupils are equally dilated, and 
the patient is obliged to walk about. 

He has hallucinations, with frightful visions, and becomes 
insane, idiotic, and brutal. He has cerebral vertigo with 
mental confusion and a tendency to fall backwards; wants the 
head low, and complains of a dull occipital headache. 

There is hyperemia of the brain, medulla, and spinal cord, 
with jerking of the upper extremities, trembling of the hands, 
sleeplessness accompanying typhoid fever, with hyperaemia at 
the base of the brain. 

Compare. — Artemisia vulgaris, Hydrocyanic acid. 



ACALYPHA INDICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiaceae. Common 
Name, Indian Acalypha. Habitat, East Indies. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture from the fresh plant. Dosage.— 
The dilutions from 3X up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the early stages of Phthisis, 
with dry racking cough, which is followed by hemoptysis. 

There is a constant severe pain in the chest. The blood is 
bright red and profuse in the morning, but dark and clotted in 
the afternoon. 

Compare. — Millefolium , Phosphorus. 

ACBTANILIDUM. 

Description. — A derivative of analine. A white micaceous 
powder. It is the principle ingredient of such preparations 
as "Antikamnia" and "headache powders." Synonyms: 
Phenylacetamide, Antifebrin. Preparations. — Homceo., 



54 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Triturations from ix to 6x. U. S. P., The pure chemical is 
used. Dosage. — Of the substance i-io grains are given. 

Physiological Action. — This agent reduces and de- 
presses the heart's action and slows the respirations. It de- 
stroys the oxygen carrying power of the blood and has a 
destructive influence upon the red blood corpuscles, inducing 
pallor. The blood and urine are rendered darker than normal, 
while the latter contains free hemoglobin. 

If continued over a prolonged period, the red blood cor- 
puscles are reduced in number; there is congestion and inac- 
tivity of the liver and kidneys. The urine contains albumin 
and blood. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed to depress the temperature in 
fevers; to allay the pains in la grippe, acute articular rheuma- 
tism, lumbago, sciatica, and nervous and neuralgia headaches. 
There is no doubt but that its use is responsible for many of 
the cases of heart failure that are so common during recent 
years. "* 

ACXDUM ACETICUM. 

Description — A colorless liquid obtained by the destruct- 
ive distillation of wood carbohydrates in general, or by the 
oxidation of Alcohol. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother 
tincture of pure glacial acetic acid; and dilutions. U. S. P., 
Acidum Aceticum, Acidum Aceticum Dilutum, Aciduin Aceti- 
cum Glaciale. Dosage. — Of the dilute Acetic acid (6 per 
cent.), 33-ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin, in full strength, causes vesication, destroys the epider- 
mis, and results in a painful sore. When swallowed, it causes 
a violent burning, with gastric pain, vomiting and diarrhoea. 
The mucous surfaces are turned white at first, while later they 
are brown. 

In the diluted form, it reduces the temperature and slows 
the pulse. If continued over a prolonged period, it changes 
the blood corpuscles by modifying the alkalinity of the blood. 



ACIDUM BENZOICUM. 55 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in patients who are lean and pale, 
with lax flabby muscles, who suffer from anaemia, dropsical 
conditions, debility, dyspnoea, fainting, vomiting with profuse 
sweats and urination, and nervous headaches that are the re- 
sult of narcotics. The blood rushes to the head, the temporal 
vessels are distended, while the patient is irritable and deli- 
rious. 

Also in membraneous laryngitis with hoarseness and laryn- 
geal irritation, the mucous membrane of the larynx and tra- 
chea being covered with a fibrinous exudation. There is a 
dry cough with rasping in the throat. In these cases it may 
be given internally, and applied locally by means of a vapor 
from boiling water that contains the agent. 

In hyperchlorrhydria and gastralgia, it is of service when 
there are violent burning pains in the region of the stomach, 
with water brash and profuse salivation, nausea and vomiting 
after eating. The epigastrium is painful upon pressure. 

Diabetes insipidus is relieved by it when there are large 
quantities of pale urine passed with intense thirst and a dry, 
hot skin. 

Following labor it is useful when there is a profuse haem- 
orrhage and a profound anaemia, so that the skin appears pale 
and waxen, and milk is impoverished, bluish, transparent and 
sour ; or there may be anasarca, when the surface is pale and 
waxen, with diminished sensibility of the surface of the body. 
It should be studied in cases of hectic fever with drenching 
cold night sweats, when there is no thirst. 

This agent is an antidote to anaesthetic vapors, and for Car- 
bolic acid poisoning. 

Compare. — Apis, Arsenicum, China and Digitalis. 

ACIDUM BENZOICTJM. 

Description. — An organic acid, obtained from benzoin 
(a balsamic resin) by sublimation. It exists in feathery, soft 
light plates, or occasionally six sided needles. Prepara- 



56 Blackwood's materia medica. 

tions. — Homoeo. , Triturations from ix to 6x. U. S. P. , Acidum 
Benzoicum. Dosage. — Of the pure substance, 10-30 grains. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to tlie 
skin or mucous membranes is an irritant, and it produces a 
catarrhal condition of the bronchial mucous membrane when 
its fumes are inhaled. 

It is an antiseptic and germicide, a solution of 1 to 1000 
preventing the growth of putrefactive bacteria. When taken 
internally it induces a sense of warmth in the epigastrium; 
while large doses produce gastric inflammation, nausea and 
vomiting. The pulse rate is increased, and the whole circu- 
latory system is stimulated. It is an antipyretic. In the kid- 
neys it is converted into hippuric acid in combination with 
glycocoll. The hippuric acid renders alkaline uric acid and 
increases the urinary flow. It is eliminated by the kidneys, 
skin, salivary glands and bronchial and pulmonary mucous 
membrane. 

THERAPKUTips. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where there is some de- 
rangement of the urinary organs, that gives rise to symptoms 
of a uric acid diathesis. 

The urine is of a deep red color, and it has a strong urinous 
odor, reminding one of horse urine. The odor and color of 
the urine is characteristic and is nearly always present when 
this remedy is indicated. 

It is an important remedy in cases of renal insufficiency , 
when there is a catarrhal condition of the pharynx; also cases 
of bacteriuria and oxaluria, when the condition of the urine- is 
present that demands it. This is also true of cases of gastric gout 
when there is feeble digestion, vomiting, flatulence and inac- 
tivity of the liver. The stools are diarrhceic in character, pro- 
fuse, watery, light colored, offensive and exhausting; while 
the urine has the peculiar odor and color. The respiratory 
organs suffer; there is an increasing difficulty in breathing, 
with a cough which is attended with an expectoration of green 
mucus. The pulmonary derangement may assume the form of 



ACIDUM BORACICUM. 57 

a bronchitis, asthma, or pneumonia, and may accompany a 
rheumatic fever. This gouty condition may involve the heart, 
when there is violent palpitation of the heart and pulsation of 
the arteries. The extremities show gouty deposits about the 
joints, cracking, or a sense of dryness of the joints, and pain 
and tenderness in the tendo-Achilles of gouty or rheumatic 
origin. It is also a valuable remedy in catarrh of the bladder, 
cystitis, nocturnal colic, and the dribbling of the urine in aged 
people. 

Compare. — Nitric acid, Ammonium, Benzoate. 

ACIDUM BORACICUM. 

Description. — Boric or Boracic acid occurs in pearly white 
scales which have a greasy feel. It is obtained by the inter- 
action of Sulphuric acid and Borax. Preparations. — Honioeo. , 
Triturations from the ix to 6x and higher in dilutions. U. 
S. P., Acidum Boricum. Dosage. — Homceo., Triturations 
and dilutions in usual size doses. U. S. P. , It is used in local 
application. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an antiseptics dis- 
infectant and deodorant, arresting fermentation and putrefac- 
tion. • It is but slightly acid, and but feebly poisonous. 
When taken internally in excessive doses, it depresses the 
spinal centers and the heart's action, rendering the pulse 
feeble and slow. There is hiccough, flatulence, eructation, 
colic, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea, with pains, mental de- 
pression, dulness and coma. The skin is irritated, eruptions, 
ecchymosis and oedema appear and there is distress in the line 
of ureters. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in cases of general ery- 
thema, with oedema about the eyes. It has been of service in 
in climacteric flushing, when there was a sensation of coldness 
in the vagina. Also renal derangements in which there was 
pain in the region of the ureters with frequent urging to 
urinate. 
5 



58 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

This agent is of service as a dusting powder upon ulcerated 
surfaces. In a saturated solution, it is of service as a wash in 
case of ulceration, aphthous or gangrenous stomatitis, bromi- 
drosis and various forms of ophthalmia. As a wet dressing, it 
is of service in cases of erysipelas, boils and carbuncles. In 
cystitis, it is employed as an irrigating fluid when the urine is 
ammoniacal. As a boro-glyceride, 1-40, it is employed as a 
local application to ulcers of the womb. 

Compare. — Amyl nitrate. 

ACIDUM OAMPHORIOUM. 

Description. — It occurs in small white needle-like crys- 
tals, obtained by boiling Camphor and Nitric acid. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations ix to 6x. Dosage. — Of the pure acid, 
8-30 grains dry. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed as an intestinal antiseptic; also to 
prevent night sweats, especially during pulmonary tuberculo- 
sis, and that accompanying the recovery from acute diseases. 
It should be given by capsule upon the tongue one or two 
hours before the time of the sweat. 

It is also used in cases of excessive mucous discharge from 
any cause. 

Compare. — Atropine. 

ACIDUM CARBOLICUM. 

Description. — I,ong colorless needles or white crystalline 
mass, becoming pink with age. Preparations. — Homceo. 
Mother tincture y 1 ^. U. S. P., Acidum Carbolicum. Glyceritum 
Acidi Carbolici. Dosage. — Homoso., Mother tincture, and 
dilutions. U. S. P. , The crude acid, % to 2 grains, diluted or 
in pills. Glyceritum Acidi Carbolici, 5 to 20 minims, diluted 
with water also used in local application. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
acts as an anaesthetic, and in full strength is an irritant and 



ACIDUM CARBOUCUM. 59 

may produce vesication. A weaker solution produces burning 
and redness of the skin, and is a disinfectant, deodorant, and 
a parasiticide. When taken internally in small doses it is 
cooling and a sedative to the stomach. In toxic doses it is a 
gastro-intestinal irritant. The urine is diminished in quantity, 
and upon standing it acquires an olive-green color. There is 
loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, frothy salivation and diffi- 
culty upon swallowing. The pupils are contracted, the other 
reflexes are suspended and the sensibility impaired. It has a 
depressing effect upon the heart and circulation. The tem- 
perature is at first increased, while later it is reduced. Death 
occurs as a result of respiratory paralysis. The post mortem 
shows gastritis, congestion, and inflammation of the kidneys. 
There is a reduction in the number of the red blood corpuscles. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where there are putrid 
discharges from any of the orifices of the body; when there is 
profound prostration, physical exhaustion and collapse. The 
surface of the body is bathed in a cold perspiration. It is of 
service in severe headache. This may be frontal or in the 
temples, but is attended with a sensation as of a band about 
the head. In many of these cases there are indications of in- 
testinal toxaemia. In cases of diphtheria it is indicated by the 
foul odor from the mouth; there is cough, fetid discharge from 
the nose, high fever, while the glands of the neck are swollen. 
It has been employed with benefit in malignant cases of scarlet 
fever when the face is of a dusky red color. The mouth and 
tongue are black, there are sores and ulcerated patches on the 
inside of the lips and cheeks, and an intensely bad smell from 
the mouth. The fauces are red, fiery and swollen, and liquids 
are returned through the nose when swallowed. In these 
cases it must be begun early and administered in full doses, 
a reliable preparation always being used. 

In nausea and vomiting attending pregnancy, sea sickness, 
nephritis and cancer of the stomach, it is of service when the 
water is offensive; there is an uncomfortable feeling across the 
stomach and the ejected material is of a dark or black color. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Kreosote, Carbo animalis. 



60 BLACKWOOD'S materia medica. 

AOIDUM CHROMICTJM. 

Description. — It comes in fine crimson needles, which are 
very deliquescent. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tinc- 
ture Jq U. S. P., Acidum Chromicum. Dosage. — Homceo., 
It is used only in the dilutions. U. S. P. , Rarely if ever used 
internally, but if used the dose should not exceed % grain. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diphtheria with tough mucus 
in the throat and an inclination to swallow. Also in post- 
nasal tumors and epithelioma of the tongue, when there is an 
offensive odor from the parts, and gnawing pains. 

ACIDUM FLUORICUM. 

Description. — Hydrofluoric acid is a colorless fuming 
liquid, obtained by distilling fluor spar with Sulphuric acid. 
Preparations.— Dilutions ix to 3X, watery solutions only, 
in rubber bottle; 4 and upwards with alcohol and on globules. 
Dosage.— Dilutions 3X and higher. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a strong escharotic, 
its action extending deeply into the tissues and a dry, painful 
slough resulting. Its general action is observed especially 
upon the lower tissues', in consequence of which there is caries 
of the bones, ulceration, varicose veins, derangement of the 
nails, hair, etc. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the complaints of old age and 
of those who are prematurely old. They are relieved by 
moving about quickly, and from cold. There is a general 
roughness of the skin which is apt to be attended with a gen- 
eral and persistent itching, which is worse from warmth and 
better from cold. If there are old cicatrices they become sore 
and tender. There is alopecia and the nails become soft in 
some cases, while it has cured onychia complicating psoriasis. 

It will relieve and cure varicose veins when they appear in 



ACIDUM HYDROCHI.ORICUM. 6l 

small points; also flat nsevis that are seen on children, and 
eases of capillary aneurism. It should be remembered in cases 
of caries of the long bones; also of the temporal bone, and 
mastoid process. These may be the result of syphilis, mercury, 
or neglected catarrhal inflammation of the middle ear. The 
discharge from the affected part is thin and excoriating. All 
caries is relieved by it when the discharge is bloody, sarxi- 
ous and disagreeable. The mouth is foul and the process 
appears to undermine the whole system. Cases of ulcers, and 
ulceration, when a copious discharge appears they have definite 
edges surrounded by vesicles. There are violent pains through 
them. They are relieved by cold applications and aggravated 
by warmth. 

Compare. — Calcarea fluorica. 

ACIDUM GALLICUM. 

Description. — A crystalline acid prepared from galls. 
Preparations. — Homoeo., Triturations from the ix to the 6x. 
U. S. P. y Acidum Gallicum. Dosage.— Of the pure acid, 
gr. v-xv. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in passive hczmorrhage when the 
pulse is feeble, extremities cold, the capillaries relaxed and 
the skin cold; also in hematuria where there is pain in the 
region of the kidneys, with nausea, vertigo and headache. It 
has been of service in all forms of passive haemorrhages. In 
the night sweats of phthisis it is of service as well as in chronic 
mucous discharges from the bowels and bladder. 

ACIDUM HYDROCHLORICUM. 

Description. — Muriatic acid, when pure, is a transparent 
colorless liquid containing 43 per cent, of Hydrochloric acid 
gas. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Acidum Hydrochloricum and Acidum Hy- 



62 Blackwood's materia medica. 

drochloricum Dilutum. Dosage, — Hotnceo., The tincture 
and dilutions are given in the usual size doses for dilutions. 
U. S. P. , The pure acid is given in doses of 5 to 10 minims 
well diluted. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when taken in small 
doses creates a gastric warmth, stimulates the appetite, pro- 
motes digestion, and quickens the circulation. In toxic doses 
it acts as an irritant and a corrosive, producing intense burning 
pain. The tongue is swollen and intensely red, while the fau- 
cial, esophageal and gastric tissues are discolored and show 
the local effect of the poison. There is great restlessness with 
a dry, feverish skin, the features are sunken, the pupils are 
dilated, the pulse is small, wiry, and irregular; there is ex- 
treme prostration, collapse and death. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of an asthenic type in 
which the tongue is contracted and ^of a deep red color or is of 
a dusky red with a brownish coating, or a central brownish 
stripe. There is a pungent heat from the skin, the digestion 
is slow, and there is extreme prostration. 

The patient is usually of a dark complexion, has dark hair 
and eyes, is irritable, peevish, and disposed to anger and 
chagrin. 

It is useful in typhoid and typhus fever when the patient 
remains in a deep, stupid sleep, or is unconscious while awake; 
there is loud moaning or muttering, the tongue is dry, 
shrunken, and leathery, and may have a slight coating; the 
stools are fetid, and frequently involuntary while passing 
urine; the patient is so weak that he slides down to the foot of 
the bed. 

It is of service in malignant affections of the mouth and 
throat, as are met with in certain cases of scarlatina, cancer, 
and diphtheria when the secondary septic condition is para- 
mount. The mucous membrane is studded with ulcers, which 
are deep and perforating and have a black or dark base. The 
breath is foul and offensive. 



ACIDUM HYDROCYANICUM. 63 

It is indicated in achlorhydria and fermentation of the food 
when the tongue and mucous membranes are inclined to be 
pale; the papillae are greatly elongated and while red at the 
base are constantly tipped with white. The salivary secretion 
is scanty. 

It should be remembered when there is intense prostratio7i 
so that the lower jaw drops down and he slides down in bed 
and the eyes close as soon as he sits down; also diarrhcea in 
which the stool passes involuntarily while urinating; he can 
not urinate without having the bowels move at the same time. 

Hemorrhoids which are blue, swollen, and sensitive to 
touch; so sensitive that he cannot bear to have them touched 
ever so gently. 

There is great sensitiveness of both the anus and the geni- 
tals. It has been employed to remove the muscular weakness 
following the excessive use of Opium and tobacco. 

Compare. — Baptisia, Arsenicum and Phosphoric acid. 

ACIDUM HYDROCYANICUM. 

Description. — Prussic acid is a volatile liquid perfectly 
clear and colorless. Preparations. — Homoeo., Dilutions 
from the 2x up. U. S. P. , Acidum Hydrocyanicum Dilutum 
which contains 2 per cent, of the Anhydrous acid. Dosage. — 
Homoeo.) The maximum dose of the 2x dilution should be 6 
or 8 drops. U. S. P. , The dose of the diluted Hydrocyanic 
acid is from 2 to 4 drops dissolved in distilled water. It should 
be administered with the greatest caution. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a most rapid and 
powerful poison, killing immediately. The inhalation of a 
strong preparation is speedily followed by insensibility and 
exhaustion, and when death results it is owing to paralysis of 
the heart or respiratory center. 

Medium, but non-fatal doses, are followed by a feeble 
pulse, dilated pupils, a dusky, turgid appearance of the face 
with insensibility and convulsions. Larger non-fatal doses 
produce irritation of the throat with salivation, noises in the 
ears, with vertigo, headache, numbness, staggering gait, dusky 



64 Blackwood's materia medica. 

countenance, palpitation of the heart, with a rapid or slow 
pulse, weariness and prostration. The post mortem shows the 
pupils to be dilated, the eyes to be glassy, the blood a dark 
fluid, and engorges both sides of the venous trunks and cere- 
bral sinuses. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diseases of the cerebro-spinal 
system that appear suddenly, and with great severity. The 
patient is irritable, and there is mental depression. Cases of 
cerebral congestion when there is coma, which was preceded 
by vertigo, weight, and excruciating pains in the occiput; in 
cases of supra-orbital neuralgia, when there is flushing of the 
same side of the face; prolonged fainting spells accompanied 
by palpitation of the heart and a rapid but feeble pulse. 

In hysterical or epileptic convulsions it is of service when 
the muscles of the back, face and jaws are mostly affected, and 
the body becomes of a bluish tint. In cases of epilepsy of re- 
cent date, it has given good results. -~ In cases of tetanus, espe- 
cially the traumatic form, as well as in tonic spasms of the 
organs of respiration, spasmodic constrictions of the larynx, 
and pain and tightness about the chest. 

There are violent palpitations of the heart, the pulse at 
times may be weak and irregular, the extremities are cold, and 
there may be severe pain in the cardiac region; even cases of 
angina pectoris have been benefited by it. In gastralgia it 
is of service when there are sensations as though the stomach 
was empty, and of great sinking at the pit of the stomach; the 
tongue appears to be cold and the drink rumbles through the 
throat and stomach. 

It is one of the remedies to be studied in cases of narco- 
lepsy, and when there is yawning and irresistible drowsiness. 

Compare. — Cicuta, CEnanthe, 

ACIDTJM LACTICTJM. 

Description. — A syrupy liquid, nearly colorless, produced 
by the transformation of sugar of milk into Lactic acid. Prep- 



ACIDUM NITRICUM. 65 

arations. — Homceo., Tincture and Dilutions. U. S. P., 
Acidum Lacticum and in Syrupus Calcii Lactophosphate. 
Dosage. — Half a drachm to half an ounce of the pure acid 
may be given to an adult in divided doses in twenty-four 
hours. 



THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in arthritic rheumatism with 
much weakness and trembling of the whole body while walk- 
ing. 

It is useful in diabetes when there is extreme thirst, the 
tongue is dry and parched, there is a voracious appetite. The 
quantity of urine is increased and it contains sugar. 

Compare. — Phosphoric acid, Lithium, Actea racemosa. 



ACIDUM NITRICUM. 

Description. — A colorless liquid prepared from Nitrate of 
Potash or Nitrate of Soda by distillation with Sulphuric acid 
and water. Preparations. — Homoeo., ix to 3, watery solu- 
tion only, higher in alcoholic dilutions. U. S. P., Acidum 
Nitricum and Acidum Nitricum Dilutum. Dosage. — Of 
Acidum Nitricum Dilutum which is equal in strength to the 
ix, from twenty to forty drops. 

Physiological Action. — When this agent is applied to 
the skin in the diluted form it produces a yellow discoloration; 
when stronger preparations are applied it causes bulbous erup- 
tions. 

When administered internally the stronger preparation oc- 
casions vomiting, pain, and sloughing of the mucous mem- 
branes. 

Small doses act as a stimulant to the intestinal glands, but 
should it be continued over a long period it will produce sali- 
vation, spongy and bleeding gums, foulness of the breath, 
loosening of the teeth, dyspepsia, colic, headache and debility. 



66 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in thin people of rigid fiber, with 
dark complexion, dark hair and eyes, who suffer from chronic 
diseases, and who take cold easily, and have diarrhoea from 
the slightest provocation; in old people who suffer from ex- 
treme weakness and diarrhoea, and who sleep badly ; and in 
those who show the constitutional effects of mercury or the 
secondary symptoms of syphilis. In cases of mucous patches 
and ulcerative fissures at the muco-cutaneous portions. The 
margin of the mouth and the throat are covered with spread- 
ing ulcers following the abuse of mercury, or in cases of sec- 
ondary syphilis. The lips are dry, swollen and cracked; the 
breath is foul or cadaverous, the tongue is red and may be dry or 
covered with vesicles, or it may be ulcerated. The gums bleed, 
the teeth are loose, while the salivary glands are all enlarged 
and tender. The saliva may be bloody, and the ulcerations may 
extend to the nose, and as a result there is a profuse, thin, 
or purulent discharge, or there is ozena, accompanied by a col- 
lection of green casts in the nose each morning which leave a 
raw surface when they are expelled; there is also an offensive 
and excoriating discharge from the nose with an offensive 
odor. 

At the anal orifice there are fissures, with proctalgia and 
pains in the rectum as if it were being torn; or there will be a 
spasmodic contraction of the anus for hours after a stool. 
There are smarting pains in the rectum following the stool, 
which continue for hours. It may be accompanied by pro- 
lapsus ani, a discharge of blood, or a sensation as though a 
sharp stick were "being pressed into the anus. 

It is of service in diseases of the ear when the hearing is 
imperfect, but tr;ey can hear better when riding in a carriage 
or train. There is an extreme sensitiveness to noise. There 
may be otorrhcea, when the discharge is very offensive, and 
there are pains of a stitching character. The various diseases 
of the eye demand this remedy, especially those resulting from 
syphilis or the abuse of mercury; the lids are swollen, they 
smart and burn, the conjunctiva is inflamed; and there is lach- 



ACIDUM NITRICUM. 67 

rymation, stitching in the lids, and agglutination of the lids; 
cases of gonorrhceal ophthalmia when the conjunctiva is con- 
gested and chemosed, the cornea is dim, there is great photo- 
phobia, constant lachrymation, and a copious secretion of pus. 
It is to be remembered in cases of syphilitic iritis and corneal 
ulcers, and opacities. 

Syphilitic ozena when there are green casts from the nose 
each morning, or there is a discharge of an offensive, yellow 
mucus or pus, frequent epistaxis, dry coryza. 

The face is of a yellow or pale color and the infrarnaxillary 
glands are swollen. On examination the larynx shows that 
the ulcerative process extends from the pharynx and has in- 
volved the larynx and bronchi. There is euphonia with hoarse- 
ness and a dry, racking cough, with a fetid breath and a sting- 
ing and smarting sensation. The parts are sensitive to touch 
and there is a sensation as though a sharp splinter were being 
stuck into the affected parts. In many of these cases there are 
indications of a general physical depression with loss of flesh, 
fever, night sweats, constipation and a muco-purulent expec- 
toration, acute and chronic diarrhoea, when the stools are green 
and curdled, and accompanied with a great amount of strain- 
ing, and a most severe pain during and after the stool, as 
though the anus was fissured. There is frequently a sensation 
as though there were sharp sticks being pressed into the parts. 
At times there are haemorrhoids, and constipation accompany- 
ing the fissures, and extreme sensitiveness of the anus. 

The urine is scanty, dark and offensive, smelling like horse's 
urine; it may contain blood, or albumin, in those who are de- 
bilitated and are suffering from the effects of mercury or 
syphilis. 

In the male it is of service in cases where there is inflam- 
mation of the urethra, with a discharge of mucus, blood and 
pus; chancres after mercury, condylomata, deep ulcers with 
ragged edges which bleed easily. 

In the female there is soreness and ulceration of the ex- 
ternal genital organs. The menses are too early, too profuse, 
and often irregular, with a feeling as though everything would 
press out of the vulva, with pain in the back, hips and thighs. 



68 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Between the periods there is a profuse brown, offensive dis- 
charge which may be stringy. The inguinal glands are swollen; 
there are often stitches through the vagina, and a history of 
constitutional syphilis. Cases of metrorrhagia after abortion 
or confinement, or uterine haemorrhage from overexertion, or 
uterine excrescences. It is of service in cases of jaundice 
when there is aching in the region of the liver; also in cases 
of hyperaemia of the liver dependent upon malaria, cirrhosis 
and syphilis. It has been employed extensively in cases of in- 
termittent and remittent fevers, where the liver was involved, 
and the patient was anaemic and showed a general cachetic 
condition. 

The skin is unhealthy and presents the various forms of 
syphilitic eruption. There is a tendency to ulceration with 
sticking pains. There is a foul perspiration of the feet, fetid 
discharges from the ears, fetid urine, and a putrid condition of 
the whole body. 

Compare. — Mercurius, Thuja, Hepar sulph. 



ACIDUM NITROHYDROCHLORICUM. 

Description. — A yellow liquid, being the aqua regia of 
the earlier chemists. It is a mixture of Nitric and Hydrochloric 
acids. Preparations. — Homceo., Dilutions ix to 3, watery 
solutions only, higher in alcoholic dilutions. U. S. P., Acidum 
Nitro-hydrochloricum. Dosage. — Three to six drops of the 
fresh acid well diluted. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in toxic quantities 
acts as corrosive poison like its constituents. Small doses de- 
stroy the dental enamel and gold filling in the teeth and in- 
duce a gastric derangement. When employed over a pro- 
longed period, diluted as a bath, it is absorbed and increases 
the renal and hepatic secretions, produces a feeling of burning 
in the mouth and fauces, and produces ptyalic redness and 
tumefaction of the gums, and ulcers of the buccal mucous 
membrane and occasions diarrhoea. 



ACIDUM OXALIC I'M. 69 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of oxaluria, in functional 
torpidity of the liver, during the early stages of hepatic cir- 
rhosis, and in chronic hepatitis when there is no obstruction 
to the flow of bile. Aphthous condition of the lips, gums and 
buccal mucous membrane, the gums bleed easily, and there is 
a constant drooling which is worse at night. 

Compare. —Mercurius, Kali sulphuricum. 

ACIDUM OXALICUM. 

Description. — Oxalic acid or Hydrogen Oxalate comes in 
colorless prismatic crystals. Preparations. — Homoeo., Tritu- 
ration ix to 6x. U. S. P., not official. Dosage. — Maximum 
dose of the pure salt is one grain dissolved in much water. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an irritant poison 
to the nervous system and blood, producing a gastro-enteritis. 
There is intense burning of the parts over which it passes, with 
intense pain and vomiting of a bloody material; the pulse be- 
comes feeble, there is motor paralysis, and he is unable to as- 
sume the upright posture. There is also collapse and stupor. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where the pains and dis- 
tress reappear when thinking about them; they are excruciat- 
ing in spots and worse by motion, and have periods of remis- 
sions. It is of service in cases of multiple cerebral sclerosis, 
when there are lancinating pains which are like electric flashes 
in various parts, now in the forehead, again in the occiput with 
tremor of the limbs, and numbness of the fingers and toes, and 
hyperaesthesia of the sight. 

Posterior spinal sclerosis when there are pains shooting 
down the limbs from the spine, or they may be jerking pains 
confined to small spots, and lasting only a moment. They are 
weak and numb, with muscular prostration, dyspnoea and a 
general numbness. 

Myelitis with a general weakness about the hips and loins 



70 Blackwood's materia medica. 

that extends down the legs, which are apt to be cold and 
bluish. There are pains that come and go in small circum- 
scribed spots and they are aggravated by thinking of them. 
Under Picric acid there is a sensation of heaviness, under 
Oxalic acid it is a sense of numbness. It relieves cases of gas- 
tralgia when the attacks appear after eating. There is pyrosis 
and a cold feeling between the epigastrium and the umbilicus; 
also cases of neuralgia of the spermatic cord in which the pain 
is excruciating, and is made worse from the slightest motion; the 
testicle feels contused and tender. 

Compare. — Picric acid, Argentum met. , Arsenic. 

ACIDTJM PHOSPHORICUM. 

Description. — A colorless liquid, having a sour taste and 
strongly acid reaction. Prepared according to Hahnemann's 
method by the action of Sulphuric acid on calcined bones. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Dilutions ix to 2, watery solu- 
tions only, and higher dilutions with Alcohol. U. S. P. y 
Acidum Phosphoricum and Acidum Phosphoricum Dilutum. 
Dosage. — The dose of the concentrated acid is from 2 to 5 
minims, about one-eighth that of the diluted acid. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
is an irritant and escharotic; when taken internally it produces 
prostration, debility, impotence, relaxation of the genitals, 
seminal emissions, and dragging pains in the testicles. 

In the alimentary canal, acid eructation, pyrosis, flatulence 
and diarrhoea result. There are indications of hepatic conges- 
tion and all the symptoms of diabetes mellitus. The blood is 
unoxygenated, and there are passive haemorrhages. The skin 
becomes of a copper color. The osseous system shows evi- 
dence of rachitis and periosteal inflammation. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in persons who were originally of 
a strong constitution, but who have become debilitated by the 
loss of vital fluids, sexual excesses, acute diseases, chagrin, or 
a long succession of moral emotion, as grief, care, or disap- 



ACIDUM PHOSPHORICUM. 71 

pointed affections. There is mental enfeeblement and apathy: 
the mind seems tired, too tired to talk or think; he cannot add 
up a column of figures, cannot remember what he has read, 
and forgets names. The face presents a pale and sickly ap- 
pearance, the eyes are sunken and are surroundfd by blue 
margins. 

Following the mental debility there is a great physical 
weakness, the back is tired, tired all over with paralytic weak- 
ness. The great characteristic of this remedy is the remark- 
able indifference to everything in life, when accompanied by 
emaciation and debility. Cases that are suffering from the 
chronic effects of grief, chagrin, care, homesickness and dis- 
appointed love. There is a dreadful pain in the top of the 
head, as though the brain were crushed, after long continued 
grief. 

It is frequently the only remedy required in cases of phos- 
phaturia, when the urine presents a white sediment; also in 
the derangements of childhood when the urine presents a 
milky appearance. 

It is of service in cases of both diabetes insipidus and melli- 
tus, when they are dependent upon a nervous origin, such as 
has been outlined. There are great quantities of clear urine 
passed at night. It has also cured cases of this same character 
when the urine contained albumen. 

It is a remedy for the bad effects of onanism, sexual excesses 
when the victim is greatly distressed by the culpability of the 
acts. There is great debility, loss of memory, and clammy 
night sweats; also in cases of impotence, in which there is 
great sensibility of' the parts, and a discharge of semen before 
or shortly after an erection. 

The menses are too early and prolonged, and are accom- 
panied with a pain in the liver; and they are followed by a 
profuse leucorrhcea which renders them anaemic; and also for 
women who nurse their children. 

There is a diarrhoea that is painless, non-debilitating, and 
preceded by the rumbling of flatulence in the abdomen. It 
is watery and white or yellow in color, and may be involun- 
tary, and is attended with flatulence; and also contains many 



72 bi,aciCwood's materia mkdica. 

undigested particles of food. It is considered a specific by 
some for the diarrhoea that precedes cholera. This type of 
diarrhoea is seen at times in weakly, delicate children, and in 
those suffering from rachitis. 

In different fevers of a low, nervous type, as typhoid and 
typhus, it is of service, when there is stupor and com- 
plete apathy so that he takes no notice, lies like a log utterly 
regardless of his surroundings. There may be intestinal 
haemorrhages and the blood is of a dark color. It is to be re- 
membered in this type of patients when they are suffering 
from purpura, passive haemorrhages, caries and rachitis. 

Headache with a crushing weight on the vertex, in the oc- 
ciput, and nape of the neck, in those who have suffered from 
any prolonged grief, emotions, or those conditions that lead to 
nervous exhaustion. They are made worse from any motion, 
noise, or music, and are relieved by lying down. It also re- 
lieves the congestive headache of students who suffer from 
eye-strain, or over-use of the eyes; in those who are growing 
too fast. The pain frequently begins in the back of the head 
and spreads to the top of the head. There is mental weakness, 
brainfag, and a tired and exhausted condition that is relieved 
by a short sleep. They tremble, the legs are weak, they make 
missteps and are indifferent to the affairs of life. They com- 
plain of much weakness in the chest after talking or coughing; 
and in cases of phthisis the patient becomes nervous from the 
loss of vital fluids, too rapid growth, or from mental emotions. 
The chest symptoms are relieved by the appearance of a 
diarrhoea. 

It is of service in cases where the hair becomes thin, falls 
out, or turns gray early, indicating a premature senility. But 
there are no structural changes. 

Compare. — Phosphorus, Cinchona, Nux vomica, Picric 
acid, Zinc picrate. 

ACIDUM PICRICTJM. 

Description. — Picric acid, Carbazotic acid or Tri-nitro-phe- 
nic acid comes in pale yellow, shining prisms. Preparations. — 



ACIDUM PICRICUM. 73 

Homceo., Trituration, or i in ioo tincture and higher in dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Homceo., Maximum dose of ix is 5 grains. 
An alcoholic solution may be applied locally for burns, etc. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
imparts a yellow discoloration to the skin. When taken in- 
ternally in toxic doses it acts as an irritating depressant, reducing 
the temperature and blood pressure. The breathing is shallow, 
while the heart's action is-rapid and feeble. There is great 
weakness, profuse diarrhoea, extravasation of the blood into 
the intestines, flatulence, pain in the stomach and bowels, loss 
of flesh, muscular twitching, collapse, and convulsions, in 
some cases followed by death. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is frequently of service to restore the wasted 
and wornout systems of those who are suffering from the effect 
of close application to study, or business, and become anaemic 
and neurasthenic. 

It is indicated in progressive pernicious ancemia of literary 
or business people, who complain of a heavy, tired feeling 
over the body, especially the limbs, which are worse from the 
slightest excitement, mental exertion or overwork; and fre- 
quently the}- complain of a burning pain along the spine. 

Headaches of students, business men and neurasthenics, or 
of those suffering from grief, or depressing emotions, are bene- 
fited by this remedy. They are prostrated by the slightest 
attempt to use the mind. The pain may be in the forehead, 
or in the occiput, but at the latter point the pain is apt to ex- 
tend down the spine. The patient feels tired and heavy, and 
finds relief from the pain by bandaging the head tightly. 

It is of service in cases of satyriasis and priapism which 
are violent and last a long time, with profuse seminal emissions. 
This condition is apt to accompany some form of spinal dis- 
ease, as locomotor ataxia. 

It is indicated in myelitis, where there are tonic and clonic 
spasms with exhaustion. Chilliness is complained of so that 
they cannot get warm. 

It is also indicated in cases of acute ascending paralysis by 
6 . 



74 Blackwood's materia medica. 

the profound prostration and the acuteness of the symptoms. 
In cerebral softening it is one of the remedies that have af- 
forded the most relief, when there was intense cerebral hyper- 
emia, with bleeding of the nose, while the extremities feel 
cold, heavy and weak. The slightest exertion produces great 
exhaustion and a general state of asthenia is present. It should 
be studied in cases of hemoglobinuria and leucocythemia. 
Compare. — Oxalic acid, Gelsemium, Phosphorus. 



ACIDUM SALICYLICUM. 

Description. — Salicylic acid or Ortho-oxybenzoic acid, is 
found in the flowers of Spircea ulmaria also in the leaves of 
wintergreen {Gaultheria procumbens). It occurs in very 
light, fine, white prismatic needles, or a crystalline powder. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Trituration and dilutions. U.S. P. } 
Acidum Salicylicum. Dosage. — The crude acid is given gr. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an antipyretic and 
antiseptic. In small doses it stimulates the stomach, heart and 
respirations. Larger doses derange the stomach, causing nausea 
and vomiting, depressing the heart and respirations and pro- 
ducing'profuse sweat. If fever is present the temperature is 
reduced. There is vertigo, tinnitus aurium, dilated pupils and 
a sensation of distension in the frontal cerebrum with de- 
lirium. The circulation is so depressed that bed sores result. 
It stimulates the kidneys and increases the acidity of the urine; 
this stimulation may result in albuminuria and hsematuria. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in acute articular rheumatism 
with serous effusions. It is aggravated by motion and touch. 
There is a profuse perspiration. The pains shift and are burn- 
ing in character, and worse at night. (Five grains every three 
hours). It is also of service in rheumatic pharyngitis. 

There is difficulty in swallowing. The parts are red, sore 
and swollen. 



ACIDUM SULPHURICUM. 75 

It is useful in fermentative dyspepsia and putrid fermenta- 
tion. There is excessive acidity of the stomach with tendency 
to vomit. The tongue is purplish or lead colored. There are 
canker sores in the mouth that burn. The breath is fetid. It 
is also of service in the gastro-intestinal derangements of chil- 
dren, with green acid stools like frog's spawn. They are ir- 
ritable. 

It is beneficial in Menier's disease when there is vertigo, 
roaring in the ears and deafness. 

Compare. — Salicylate of Soda. . ' 



AOIDUM SULPHURICUM. 

Description. — Sulphuric acid is a heavy, colorless liquid. 
Preparations. — Homoso. ix to 3, watery solutions, and 
higher alcoholic dilutions. U. S. P. Acidum Sulphuricum and 
Acidum Sulphuricum Dilutum. Dosage. — Of the strong acid 
1 to 2 drops very much diluted. The mouth should be rinsed 
with alkaline washes, after taking, to protect the teeth. 

Physiological Action. — When this agent is administered 
in large doses the lips and other portions of the mouth are 
blackened. There is intense pain, with efforts to vomit. The 
ejecta consists of shreds of tissue, dark coffee-ground material 
and fluid blood, together with gases and a frothy material. 
Breathing, speaking and swallowing become painful and the 
face assumes a livid appearance. There is pronounced ex- 
haustion and prostration. The pulse is small, feeble and 
quick; the skin is cold, mottled, and bathed in a clammy 
sweat; while there is great thirst, obstinate constipation and 
convulsive movements. The intellect remains clear until 
death. 

If the diluted form is taken for a prolonged period it has an 
injurious effect upon the digestion, produces diarrhoea, and, 
as a result, there is weakness and loss of flesh. 

It injures the teeth, increases the appetite, allays the 
thirst and controls the perspiration. 



76 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in cases that are characterized by 
great debility. There is a sensation of a tremor all over the 
body, without trembling. There are profuse night sweats 
with great debility. There are pressing pains in different 
parts of the body, which increase slowly and disappear sud- 
denly. It is adapted to those who have light hair; old peo- 
ple, especially women, who suffer from flushes of heat at the 
climacteric. There are aphthous conditions of the mouth, gums 
and buccal cavity. The gums are painful and bleed easily. 
The breath is offensive and the child is very weak and pros- 
trated. 

Cases of gastralgia in which the pains are either violent 
and contractive, or are of a dull, heavy, aching character with 
pyrosis and flatulence, or there will be a sensation of coldness 
of the stomach with a relaxed feeling, loss of appetite and 
great debility. Hypochlorrhydria, heart-burn, sour eructa- 
tions, and vomiting that set the teeth on edge, with a watery 
diarrhoea and debility. Water disagrees and must be mixed 
with liquors, otherwise it causes a coldness of the stomach. 
The menses are too prof use, .too early, and are attended with 
debility and a sensation of tremor all over the body without 
trembling. The menses are preceded by a distressing night- 
mare and are followed by bloody leucorrhcea. At the climac- 
teric period there are constant flushes of heat with debility 
and sensation of trembling and a feeling as though everything 
must be accomplished in a hurry. 

Purpura hsemorrhagia, when there are blue, livid, or red 
spots, with relaxed muscles, with a general debility and a 
weakness and exhaustion from some deep-seated dyscrasia, 
with a constant desire for stimulants. Iyichen, prurigo, and 
urticaria when there is a distressing itching, tingling and 
formication of the skin. Under its influence old cicatrices 
turn red and blue and become painful. 

Compare. — Arnica montana, Ledum, Sepia, Calcarea 
carbonica. 



ACIDUM TARTARICUM. ^^ 



ACIDUM SULPHURICUM AROMATICUM. 

Description. — Aromatic Sulphuric Acid is a pleasantly 
aromatic, acid preparation of Sulphuric acid; it contains 
about 20 per cent., by weight, of official Sulphuric acid, partly 
in form of ethyl-sulphuric acid. Preparations. — Homoeo., 
Not official. U. S. P. , Acidum Sulphuricum Aromaticum. 
Dosage. — It may be given in doses of 5 to 30 drops well 
diluted with water. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is used in much the same way as diluted Sulphuric acid. 
The deep red tongue with gastric debility, diarrhoea and colli- 
quative sweats are considered the cardinal indications for this 
remedy. 



ACIDUM TARTARICUM. 

Description. — Tartaric acid occurs in grape juice, and is 
also contained in numerous other fruits, as in the pineapple, 
tamarind, sorrel, mulberry, etc. It is transparent and colorless 
and is in oblique rhombic prisms. Preparations. — Homoeo., 
Trituration and dilutions. U. S. P., Acidum Tartaricum. 
Dosage — Of the pure acid from 10 to 30 grains dissolved 
in water or syrup. 

Physiological Action.— This agent is an antiscorbutic, 
antiseptic and refrigerent. Large doses produce gastrointes- 
tinal inflammation and death. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of g astro-enteritis, when 
attended with pronounced weakness and diarrhoea. There is 
pain around the umbilicus and across the loins. The stools 
resemble coffee-grounds material, while the vomited material 
is of a dark green color. 



78 Blackwood's materia mbdica. 



ACONITUM FBROX. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
name, Bish. Habitat, India. Its active principle is Pseudo- 
Aconitine. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture from 
the dried root, and dilutions. Dosage. — Tincture. M. ss-j. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is more violent and 
fatal in its action than Aconitum napellus. It is of service in 
dyspnoea. When the patient must sit up, the respirations are 
rapid; there is anxiety with suffocation, as though the respira- 
tory muscles were paralyzed. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is palliative in cardiac dyspnoea, with Cheyne-Stokes 
respiration. 



ACONITUM NAPELLUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
names, Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane. Habitat, Europe. 
It is usually known by its characteristic, benumbing taste, due 
to its alkaloid Aconitine\ this is, however, less noticeable in 
the tincture prepared from the fresh green plant than in that 
prepared from the dried root. Preparations. — Homoso., 
Mother tincture from the entire plant except the root, and 
dilutions. U. S. P., Extractum Aconiti. Fluidextractum 
Aconiti. Tincturia Aconiti. Dosage. — Homceo., Tincture, 
i to 30 m. Care should be taken not to confound this 
tincture with that prepared from the root, which is very much 
more poisonous. U. S. P., Extract gr. |-f. Fluid Extract, 
2 to 1 M. Tincture | to 2 M. Dose of Aconitine, gr. ifo - -fa. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an antipyretic, 
diaphoretic and diuretic. When applied locally it stimulates 
the ends of the sensory nerves, producing tingling. This is 
soon followed by depression with numbness and anaesthesia. 
When taken internally it produces tingling and numbness of 
the lips and mouth, and an increased secretion from the salivary 



ACONITUM NAPEIXUS. 79 

glands. While from large doses there results a sense of con- 
striction about the fauces, with pain in the epigastric region, 
nausea and vomiting. The heart's action is at first slowed, but 
later it becomes rapid and weak. The arterioles are contracted. 
The respiratory centers are depressed under large doses, and as 
a result the respirations are slow and shallow. It produces an 
anxious expression of the countenance, while the skin is 
pallid, cold, and covered with perspiration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated during the early stages of acute 
synochal and rheumatic fevers. Especially if these are de- 
pendent upon sudden changes of temperature from warm to 
cold, or during windy weather. The congestion appears sud- 
denly and is attended with a full bounding pulse, high tem- 
perature, anguish of mind and body that cannot be allayed, 
restlessness and nervous excitability. There is no definite 
localized inflammatory condition. The fear that is present in 
these cases is quite characteristic. It precedes all the ailments. 
There is fear of death, predicts the day he is to die, fears to go 
out of doors, to cross the street. She fears during pregnancy 
that she may die, or that the child will be deformed. 

It relieves vertigo when there is a sensation of swaying to 
and fro in the brain, which is made worse by stooping and 
motion in general. This is frequently attended by a headache, 
which is bursting in character, as if the brain were agitated 
and boiling, and as if it would protrude through the forehead. 
It frequently is the remedy when there is a congestive head- 
ache, which is worse during motion, and after sunstroke. 

In the acute inflammatory diseases of the eye it is of ser- 
vice. The eye is extremely painful, is sensitive to light, and 
the eyeball feels too large. In catarrhal inflammations of the 
eye, before exudation has taken place, it is of service; the 
pain is excruciating and renders the patient extremely restless; 
he fears it will kill him. It controls the inflammations that 
arise as the result of a foreign body in the eye, and as the 
result of ingrowing lashes; the vessels of the eyeball. In the 
acute attacks of granulated lids and pannus of the cornea, it is 



80 Blackwood's materia medica. 

of assistance. There is heat and dryness of the parts with pro- 
nounced hypercemia. It acts here most favorably if the attack 
has been precipitated by over-heating, exertion, or exposure 
to dry, cold wind. During the earlier stages of acute inflam- 
mations of the deeper structures of the eye it is useful. The 
eyeball is sensitive to touch and very painful. The pains are 
of a sticking character. The pupils are contracted (some- 
times dilated). 

It is of service in earache when the meatus is red, narrow, 
and there are stinging pains in the ear. 

In the early stages of coryza following sudden changes of 
the temperature it is indicated when there is fever, thirst and 
great restlessness. The patient cannot breathe through the 
nose and there is severe headache. The face presents an 
anxious, frightened expression. It is fiery red, burning, and 
feels as if too large. Again, the face may be pale and there is 
an expression of anxiety and restlessness. There is neuralgia 
of the left side of the face which causes great restlessness, 
anxiety, and rolling about and screaming. 

In glossitis it is of service. The attack begins with a chill, 
and there is a burning and tingling sensation along the dorsum 
of the tongue, which is swollen, dry and red. There is great 
thirst with sensation of dryness; everything tastes bitter, ex- 
cept water, or the mouth tastes foul, flat and nauseous. 

It meets the early stages of the inflammatory conditions 
that involve the mucous membrane of the pharynx, fauces, 
oesophagus and tonsils; when the fever is high there is redness 
of the parts, a sensation as though the parts were rough and 
scraped; or burning and stinging are complained of. 

The diseases of the stomach in which it is of service are 
usually reflex from other organs. It meets the acute conges- 
tions and inflammations of the liver, when there is oppressed 
breathing, with pressure and constriction in the liver, and 
sharp, burning pains that go from the liver to the stomach. 
There may be a slight jaundice. It is also of service in the 
jaundice that complicates pregnancy; that from cold after 
fright; and that attending catarrh of the small intestines. 

This inflammatory process may involve the peritoneum and 



ACONITUM NAPEIXUS. 8l 

small intestines, producing enteritis and peritonitis. The 
fever is high and there are sharp, cutting pains in the whole 
abdomen, which is distended and sensitive. And it may be 
attended with a colic which forces him to bend double and yet 
is not relieved in any position. It appears to involve the in- 
testines and bladder and is attended with a constant desire to 
urinate. 

In the first stages of acute bowel trouble it is frequently in- 
dicated. The stools are watery, slimy, or bloody in character. 
They are small and frequent, and are dependent upon sudden 
cold changes of the weather. There is great thirst and fear of 
death. It may only be a diarrhoea which is watery and green 
like chopped spinach, or a bilious diarrhoea of infants, with 
colic which no position relieves. Also in dysentery when the 
fever is high, and there is great restlessness and fear, with cut- 
ting, lancinating, burning pain. The stools are slimy and con- 
tain blood and are attended with urging. Acute disturbance 
of the urinary organs demands it at times for the irritation and 
congestion that follow exposure to sudden changes from hot to 
cold. The urine is scanty and red, or it may be retained; 
there is restlessness and anxiety. 

The re)idl region is sensitive to pressure and there are 
sharp, shooting pains, with violent burning in the bladder. 
There is a constant painful urging to urinate. The urine 
passes in drops and is mixed with blood. It frequently relieves 
the retention of urine in children, which is accompanied by 
restlessness and is dependent upon cold. In the acute inflam- 
mation of the male sexual organs it is of great utility, es- 
pecially in the first stage of gonorrhoea and for acute orchitis 
when the fever is high. 

In the female it is called for when there is menstrual sup- 
pression from cold baths, wet feet, or fright; and for ovaritis 
or metritis when they are attended with high fever and rest- 
lessness. The external genitals may be inflamed, the 
vagina dry, hot and sensitive. In the amenorrhcea of plethoric 
women it will often restore the flow whatever the cause of the 
suppression. 

Durinsr labor it is of service when there is great restlessness 



82 Blackwood's materia medica. 

and fear of death. The patient is sure she will die. The labor 
is slow. The vagina is hot and dry, and the os uteri is tender 
and undilatable. 

Following confinement it may be indicated for milk fever. 
The mammary glands are hot, hard and tense; the fever is 
high, and there is great anxiety. Or there may be a suppres- 
sion of the lochia with high fever, hot, dry skin; hard, fre- 
quent pulse; when the abdomen is sensitive to the slightest 
touch and acute puerperal peritonitis is threatened. 

It is indicated in cases of croup that are caused by sudden 
changes from a warm to a cold temperature; the cough is loud, 
dry and hoarse, and is attended with loud breathing, every ex- 
piration ending with a hoarse, barking cough. The child is 
often weakened during the first sleep following an exposure 
to a dry, cold wind. 

Inflammation of the larynx finds in this a remedy, when 
the parts are extremely sensitive to the cold air and the fever 
and restlessness are both present. 

It is indicated for the dry bronchial catarrh and the attend- 
ing cough which is worse at night; or the attack may return 
each night and morning. In the early stages of pneumonic 
fever it divides the honors with Veratrum viride. There is 
great heat, extreme thirst, a dry cough, with nervous excita- 
bilit}^, quick, anxious, labored breathing with stitches through 
the chest and side, and indications that the pleura is also in- 
volved. 

Active hypersemia of the lungs is controlled by it when 
there is a high fever and mental anguish. The chest is rigid 
and there is a sensation of a band about the chest. 

It should be remembered in hcemoptysis when the blood 
comes up with great ease. It is of a bright red color and is in 
large quantities. The haemoptysis is brought on by exercise, 
cold, dry wind; and is attended with fear and mental anxiety. 

It is useful in cases of apoplexy when the pulse is full and 
hard and the carotids beat violently. Also for cardiac derange- 
ments when there is a sensation of anxiety in the cardiac 
region, when the heart beats are quick, strong and powerful, 
or are quick, weak and small like a thread. 



JLCTMA SPICATA. 83 

The type of fever that this remedy relieves is synochal in 
character. The pulse is full and bounding; there is great heat 
and restlessness, unquenchable thirst for large quantities of 
water with extreme nervous excitability and tossing about in 
agony. At times there is a dry, burning heat, which is worse 
towards evening and after getting in bed. Also inflammatory 
fevers with much heat; the skin may be dry and burning, or 
it may be covered with a profuse free sweat. The patient feels 
worse while sweating, but is relieved afterwards. In scarlet 
fever it should be remembered during the first stage, when the 
fever is high; there is great restlessness and anxiety, as 
the eruption, which is fine and red, appears. 

It is indicated in measles with a red, miliary eruption and a 
dry, barking cough. The eyes are red and the light is distress- 
ing; the tongue is red; the fever is very high and there is ex- 
treme restlessness and moaning. 

In the early stages of rheumatic arthritis it is useful when 
the parts are swollen, bright red, shining, sensitive to touch, 
and the fever is high. 

It relieves nervous derangements that are characterized by 
pricking of the skin, as if by needles, and all degrees of 
anaesthesia, numbness of the small of the back, which may ex- 
tend to the lower extremities. 

Compare — Belladonna, Ferr. phos., Ver. vir. and 
Chamomilla. 

ACTJEA SPICATA. 

Description. — Natural order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
names, Common Herb Christopher, Bane-berry. Habitat, 
Europe and Asia. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the 
fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Tincture, TT[ v-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces congestion 
of the liver and of the rheumatoid inflammation of the smaller 
joints. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in rheumatic pains of the smaller 
joints, The joints become swollen and ache while walking. 



84 Blackwood's materia medxca. 

There are violent pains in the superior maxillary that extend 
to the teeth and malar bone. 

It should be remembered in congestion of the liver, when 
there is tenderness with the throbbing in the hepatic region. 

Compare. — Cimicifuga, Caulophyllum. 

ADONIS VERNALIS. 

Description. — Natural order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
names, Pheasant's eye, False hellebore. Habitat, Europe and 
Asia. It contains Adonidin and Adonitic acid. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — The tincture may be given in from 10-60 T|\ 
doses. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a cardiac and 
arterial stimulant and a diuretic. By its direct action upon the 
heart it increases its rate, force, and the blood pressure. It 
diminishes the frequency of the pulse and increases the force 
of the cardiac contraction, cyanosis gradually disappears, while 
dyspnoea is less marked. No cumulative effects were ever 
noticed. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a failing or broken 
cardiac compensation. The arterial tension is lowered and 
cardiac dropsy is present, the function of the kidneys is inter- 
fered with and anasarca results. The urine is scanty, the urea 
is deficient, there is great dyspnoea, and the pulse is irregular. 
There is often a headache, the pain extending from the occiput 
around the temples to the eyes and across the front. 

It is useful in hydrothorax, ascites and anasarca when they 
are dependent upon a chronic dilatation of the heart or valvular 
disease. 

It is of service in cases of mitral and aortic regurgitation, 
when there is a precordial pain with painful throbbing of the 
blood-vessels and headache. It has a sedative action upon 
the heart. It relieves the sense of increased intra-cardiac 
pressure, and is useful in interstitial myocarditis when there is 



^SCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM. 85 

irregularity of the heart action, with dyspnoea and dropsy. 
The cases of aortic regurgitation in which it appears to answer 
best, are those in which the lesion is due either to a traumatic 
rupture of the valve, to a chronic aortitis, or where it has 
arisen independently of rheumatic endocarditis. 

Notwithstanding its prompt and energetic action, this rem- 
edy may be administered in pathological conditions where 
Digitalis, if given at all, should be administered only with the 
utmost care. This refers to fatty degenerations of the heart, 
pericarditis, simple hypertrophy and certain atheromatous con- 
ditions. Its diuretic action in health is limited, while in dis- 
ease it influences the oedematous conditions and produces 
diuresis, especially when the arterial tension is low. 

It should be studied when the heart failure is secondary to 
disease of the kidneys. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Strophanthus, Cratcegus. 

^ESCULUS GLABRA. 

Description. — Natural order, Sapindacese. Common 
names, Foetid or Ohio Buckeye, Buckeye tree. Habitat. 
North America. Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother tincture 
prepared from the fresh hulled nut. Dilutions. Dosage. — 
Mother tincture from 1-5 TT\. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the pelvic 
ind portal circulation, relieving constipation and hemorrhoids , 
md assists in the absorption of the blood. It is a stimulant 
and a mild narcotic. 

JBSOULUS HIPPOCASTANTJM. 

Description. — Natural order, Sapindaceae. Common 
name, Horse chestnut. Habitat, in all temperate climates, 
reparations.— The Mother tincture is prepared from the 
ripe, fresh, hulled nut. Dilutions from the tincture. The 
bark and fruit yield a bitter principle called AZsculin. Dos- 
age. — Of the Mother tincture 1-5 TT1- 

Physiological Action. — This agent, through its action 
upon the portal vein, produces congestion of the hsemorrhoidal 



86 BLACKWOOD *S MATERIA JMEDICA. 

vessels, and there results an inflammation of the rectum and 
anus, with piles in their worst form. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of portal congestion and 
hemorrhoids with a constant aching pain in the sacro-lumbar 
region, which affects the sacrum and hips, so that he makes 
several painful efforts before he can get up. 

The haemorrhoidal tumors project from the rectum. They 
are of a bluish-purple, are accompanied with sharp, shooting, 
cutting pains and severe aching in the sacral region. 

In prostatitis it relieves the dryness and heat that are present 
in some cases, when it feels as though the parts were full of 
sticks, or there are knife-like pains shooting up the rectum; 
the mucous membrane is of a purplish color, but rarely bleeds; 
at times the pain is so severe in the anus that the patient can- 
not endure it without screams and groans. 

It has a most favorable action upon a dull backache; the 
pain is most intense in the sacro-4umbar region. It feels as 
though the back would break. He makes many painful efforts 
before he can get up and the back gives out when walking or 
stooping forward, so that he must sit or lie down. Jaundice 
has yielded to it when there was throbbing in the abdominal 
and pelvic cavities, and there are indications of abdominal and 
pelvic congestions. 

There may be connected with the hepatic congestion and 
lameness of the back, a leucorrhcea, or a spinal exhaustion in 
which the legs are so weak he can hardly walk, or the anus and 
legs may feel as though they were paralyzed. 

The urine is dark and muddy, or high colored, and is hot 
and scalding. The patient feels best while at rest, and js made 
worse from walking and from movement of the bowels. 

Compare. — Collinsonia Canadensis, Aloe, Nux vomica. 

JETHIOPS ANTIMONIALIS. 

Description. — A mixture, by trituration, of equal parts of 
Sulphuret of Antimony and Black Sulphuret of Mercury. 



^THUSA CYNAPIUM. 87 

Preparations. — Triturations and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Triturations, ix to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is used in cases of scrofulous ophthalmia, with 
phlyctaenula upon the conjunctiva and cornea. There are 
also indications of scrofula about the ear. The skin about the 
ear is covered with a painful, irritating, scabby eruption that 
simulates favus. 

iETHUSA CYNAPIUM. 

Description. — Natural order, Umbelliferse. Common 
name, Fool's parsley, Garden hemlock. Habitat, Europe. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture from the whole fresh 
plant. Dilutions. Dosage. — Tincture, 5-10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces nausea, 
vomiting, and an intolerance of milk, which is its great char- 
acteristic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the child is unable to digest 
milk. The child is so weak that it cannot stand nor hold up its 
head. There is an expression of great pain and anxiety; with 
a drawn condition of the face and a well marked linea nasalia 
from the alae nasi to the angle of the mouth. There is an in- 
tolerance of milk; is unable to take it in any form. It is 
vomited in large curds as soon as taken, and is then followed by 
weakness and drowsiness. 

Violent, sudden, forcible vomiting of frothy, curdled milk 
and frothy, cheesy material. 

It should be remembered in the indigestion of teething- 
children, especially during hot weather and during the period 
of dentition; in cholera infantum, when the stools are green 
and slimy; and in the spasms of children. The thumbs are 
clenched, the face is red, the eyes are turned down, jaws 
locked, the pulse is small, hard, quick, and there is a cold, 
clammy perspiration and an absence of thirst. 



88 BIvACKWOOD'S materia medica. 

The child is prostrated and drowsy, following the stool, the 
vomiting and the spasm. 

Compare. — Antimonium crudum, Calcarea carbonica, 
Arsenicum album. 



AGARICIN. 

Description. — Agaricin or Agaric acid is obtained from 
the fungus Boletus laricis (White Agaric) and is a white 
crystalline powder. Preparations. — Trituration, and dilu- 
tions. . Dosage. — The pure Agaricin may be given, T ^ to \ 
grain. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in chorea, when a T \-§ of a grain 
is given every two hours, or every hour in severe cases. 

In the sweats of phthisis, it is of the greatest service, when 
■fa of a grain should be given before retiring. The dose may 
be repeated once or twice during the night. 

It is useful in dilatation of the heart, when complicated 
with pulmonary emphysema, fatty degeneration, and weakened 
heart action from acute diseases and old age, when attended 
with profuse perspiration and arythmia. 

AGARICUS MUSCARITJS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fungi. Common Names, 
Bug Agaric, Fly Agaric. Habitat, Kurope and America. 
Preparations. — The Mother tincture is prepared from the 
fresh young fungi. Dilutions from the tincture. It contains 
the alkaloid Muscarine, Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1-2 
drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a state of 
intoxication that is characterized at first by vertigo, later by 
delirium. There are neuralgic pains which are compared to 
cold needles being thrust through the parts. The motor 
nerves show involvement by tremors, choreiform movements, 
and convulsions of the epileptiform type. The gait is un- 



AGARICUS MUSCARIUS. 89 

steady, there is paralytic weakness of the sphincter and a 
dribbling of the urine. There are violent stitching pains in 
the spinal column, together with sensitiveness at various 
points. The mucous membranes are coated with a -yellow 
mucus. The skin shows an eruption of the lichen type, the 
liver is enlarged and the urine contains an excess of the phos- 
phates. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of chorea and epi- 
lepsy, spinal irritation, typhoid fever, and in various diseases 
of the spinal nerves that are characterized by more or less 
twitching of the muscles and sharp pains. The patient is fre- 
quently light complexioned, aged, with a sluggish circulation, 
or a drunkard with gastric disturbances and headaches. In 
chorea it is indicated when there is twitching and nictitation 
of the eyelids and spasmodic movements of the single muscles, 
and a dancing of the whole body. The involuntary move- 
ments cease while the patient is asleep; the symptoms are 
worse during thunder-storms. 

It is of service also in ataxic typhoid, when there is tremor, 
restlessness and a constant desire to get out of bed. In spinal 
hyperaemia it is of service when there is lameness and formi- 
cation in the lower limbs, with tingling, pricking sensations 
in all the limbs, violent pains in the back, worse when there 
are drawing pains in the back of the head, stiffness and sore- 
ness of the nape of the neck and spine, and violent pains all 
along the spine. There is dyspnoea, angina pectoris, and car- 
diac pains, which are increased while walking; great pre- 
cordial anguish with pains extending to the left arm, neck, 
and nape of the neck. In disease of the heart, it is of service 
when there is dilatation with emphysema of the lungs, and in 
feeble heart action attending acute infectious diseases, as 
typhoid fever and pneumonia ; also in the arythmia of elderly 
people when there is profuse sweating. 

In delirium tremens, it is frequently of service when there 
is enlargement of the liver and spleen. In chilblains, it is of 
the greatest service, and is the first remedy to be thought of. 
7 



90 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Compare. — Cimicifuga, Cannabis Indica, Hyoscyamus 
and Opium. 

AGNUS CASTUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Verbenacese. Common 
Name, Chaste tree. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture from the fresh ripe berries. Dilutions from 
the tincture. Dosage. -^-The tincture may be given from 
i-io drops. Dilutions as usual. 

Physiological Action. — This agent exerts a depressing 
influence upon the sexual organs of both the male and female, 
even to complete extinction of the virility, with a corre- 
sponding loss of nervous energy. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in the case of those who are 
prematurely old, especially those who are suffering from sexual 
abuse. They are melancholy and annoyed by frequent losses 
of spermatic fluid, mental distraction, and apathy. The men- 
tal powers are weakened so that he cannot reason, cannot re- 
member, and has to go over his task several times to appre- 
ciate the meaning. Impotency in those who are suffering 
from indiscretions. The genitals are relaxed, flaccid, and 
cold. There is no sexual desire. This condition may follow 
repeated attacks of gonorrhoea. 

It should be compared with medorrhinum in the effects of 
suppressed gonorrhoea. 

In the female it is to be remembered when there is present 
a relaxed condition of the genital organs with a transparent 
leucorrhcea. Also when there is a deficient secretion of milk. 
Many of these patients are sad, and fear the approaching 
death. 

Compare. — Phosph. acid, Selenium. 

AILANTHUS GLANDULOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Simarubacese. Common 
Name, Tree of Heaven. Habitat, Native of China, grows in 



ALETRIS FARINOSA. 91 

Europe and United States. Preparations. — The Mother tinc- 
ture is prepared from equal parts of the fresh shoots, leaves, 
blossoms and the young bark. The dilutions from the tincture. 
Dosage.— The tincture may be given, from 5 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces nausea with 
vertigo and headache. It also acts as a purge; and causes pain 
in the neck and limbs, with prostration, numbness and tin- 
gling. Both the respirations and the pulse rate are reduced; 
the blood is disorganized, so that the skin and mucous surfaces 
present a livid, purple appearance; the face is dark, and death 
results from an arrest of the respiration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in low adynamic states, such as are 
met with in cases of malignant scarlet fever, when the skin 
presents a livid or purplish appearance, or the eruption has a 
dusky, carmine appearance; the fever is high, the pulse small 
and very rapid, with thirst, delirium and coma. 

There is photophobia, the eyes are suffused and the pupils 
dilated (with a bloody discharge). There is inflammation of 
the tissues of the neck, which is tender to the touch. 

The structures within the throat are cedematous and of a 
purple or livid color, as is seen in diphtheria and ulcerated 
sore throat. 

It is of service in dysentery when the passages are composed 
mostly of bloody material and mucus, with but little faecal mat- 
ter. In these complaints there may be sordes upon the teeth, 
while the tongue has either a white coating or is dry, brown 
and parched. 

Compare.- -Ammonium carbonicum, Muriatic acid, 
Lachesis, Baptisia. 

ALETRIS FARINOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Haemodoracese. Common 
Name, Star Grass. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— The Mother tincture is prepared from the fresh bulb. The 
dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 5 to 
20 drops. 



92 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Physiological Action.— This agent acts as an emetic, 
cathartic, tonic and narcotic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the cases of anaemic and chlo- 
rotic girls and women who suffer from uterine atony. They 
are tired all the time; there is prolapsus, endometritis, leucor- 
rhcea, with sterility or a tendency to abortion. "The China 
of the uterine system. ' ' 

The menses are premature, profuse, and are attended with 
labor-like pains. 

Compare. — Viburnum opulus, Mitchella, Ferrum et 
Strychnia citras. 

ALLIUM CEP A. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,iliaceae. Common Name, 
Onion. Habitat, Found in all parts of the world. Prepara- 
tions. — The Mother tincture is made from the fresh, red bulb. 
The dilutions are prepared from the tincture. Dosage. 
The tincture may be taken from 5 drops to ^ii. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the con- 
junctiva, causing bland lachrymation; upon the mucous mem- 
brane of the nose, giving rise to an acrid coryza, and upon the 
larynx and trachea, producing a catarrhal condition. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in an acute coryza, with an acrid 
nasal discharge, which is worse in the warm room and towards 
evening, and is relieved while in the open air; also in acute 
conjunctivitis with a bland lachrymation. 

It is of service in cases of hay-fever when there is a profuse, 
watery flow from the nose and eyes, with much itching of the 
nose, conjunctiva and naso-pharynx, and nasal obstruction, 
headache, and disturbance of sleep and appetite. 

The catarrhal process may extend to the larynx and trachea; 
there is a rough, dry, hoarse cough, dependent upon a tickling 
in the larynx The cough is so severe and distressing that the 



AI^NUS RUBRA. 93 

patient supports the larynx; it seems as though the cough 
would tear it, while tears are brought to the eyes. 

There is a profuse, acrid coryza dripping from the nose and 
excoriating the upper lip, which becomes red and sensitive. 
This is ameliorated in the open air and aggravated in a close, 
warm room. 

Compare. — Euphrasia, Kali iodidum. 

ALLIUM SATIVUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Liliacese. Common Name, 
Garlic. Habitat, Sicily, and is cultivated in all parts of the 
world. It contains a volatile oil, on which its quality depends. 
Preparations.— Mother tincture is prepared from the fresh 
bulbs, and the dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — The 
Mother tincture may be taken from 5 to 60 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant, diu- 
retic and expectorant, its medicinal effect being due to the ab- 
sorption of the volatile oil. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

The remedy is of service in cases of catarrhal affections of 
the lungs, when there is constant rattling of mucus in the 
bronchial tubes; also in cases of haemoptysis, when the garlic 
should be eaten in quantities of a drachm or more during the 
day. 

ALNUS RUBRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Betulaceae. Synonym, Al- 
nus Serrulata. Common Names, American Alder, Tag Alder. 
Habitat, United States. Preparations. — Mother tincture 
from the fresh bark and dilutions. Dosage. — The tincture 
may be given from 1 to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an astringent- 
emetic, and alterative; exerting a tonic action upon the mu- 
cous surfaces, and assisting digestion. 



94 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of so-called M Scrof- 
ula' ' when there is glandular enlargement, the skin being in 
an unhealthy condition simulating eczema in the pustular 
stage. There is indigestion with a lack of gastric and intes- 
tinal secretions, and as a result marasmus, for which it has 
been employed. In the adult it is of service when there are 
deficient secretions and the patient presents the cachexia that 
is characteristic of the remedy. 

ALOE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Liliacese. Synonym, Aloe 
socotrina. Common Name, Aloes. Habitat, Southern and 
Eastern Africa. Preparations. — Homceo., The Mother tine 
ture is made from the pulverized inspissated juice, and the 
dilutions from the tincture. U. S. P., Aloe Purificata. 
Dosage. — Homceo., Mother tincture from 5 drops to 1 drachm. 
U. S. P., Aloe Purificata, gr. j-v. -: 

Physiological Action. — This agent increases the secre- 
tions of the gastro-intestinal tract, and of the liver. It causes 
soft, dark colored evacuations from the bowels, that are at- 
tended with griping. If the drug is continued for some time 
the blood vessels of the pelvic viscera are distended and haem- 
orrhages result. 

It causes renal congestion, a diminution in the quantity of 
the urine, albuminuria and irritation of the bladder. It is an 
emmenagogue and stimulates the menstrual function. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea; this may be an early 
morning diarrhoea, or chronic in character. The stool may be 
yellow, watery, and jelly-like, or windy. It is attended with 
more or less cramping and griping pains across the lower ab- 
domen, with tenesmus and extreme prostration following the 
stools. The desire for stool cannot be postponed one moment, 
otherwise the linen is soiled. There is a sense of insecurity of 
the sphincter ani. The rectum feels as if full of fluid. 



aloe. 95 

In other cases there is an involuntary passage of formed 
stools. 

In cases where the stools are dysenteric in character they 
are frequent, painful, and attended with burning in the rec- 
tum, and tenesmus. 

There is congestion of the hsemorrhoidal veins, and hemor- 
rhoids which bleed profusely. They are sore, tender, purple, 
and protrude like a bunch of grapes, and are attended with 
tenesmus and itching. The distress from them is relieved by 
the application of cold water. 

In the atonic forms of jaundice that attend bilious states, it 
is indicated when the tongue is coated, the breath foul, and 
there is a sensation of fulness and heaviness in the hepatic 
region. At times there are stitching pains in the hepatic re- 
gion, with a sensation of soreness in the whole abdominal 
cavity, so that a misstep causes distress. This distress is re- 
lieved temporarily by the escape of flatus which is hot and 
offensive. 

Cases of menorrhagia are benefitted by it, the menses ap- 
pear too early, there is a sense of weight and heaviness in the 
pelvis, and pressing downward toward the rectum. These may 
be severe. It is also of service in uterine hemorrhages at 
the climacteric period. They are prostrating and exhausting, 
and are attended with labor-like pains in the back and groins, 
that may extend to the legs. The patient is of the relaxed, 
lymphatic type. It should be studied in case of leucorrhcea 
which consists of mucus and blood, when there is severe 
backache, and prolapsus of the uterus. 

There is a headache which is of bilious character; the dis- 
tress is confined to the forehead, and is described as of a dull, 
heavy nature. The subject is incapacitated for mental labor. 
It is made worse from heat, and is ameliorated by cold appli- 
cations to the head; it may alternate with diarrhoea. 

There is relief from the application of cold water to the 
haemorrhoids and in cases of headache ; also during cold 
weather, and from a discharge of flatus and stool. There is 
aggravation from hot, dry weather. 

Compare. — Podophyllum, Xu.v vomica, Gamboge, Am- 
monium m u riaticu m . 



96 Blackwood's materia medica. 

ALSTONIA CONSTRIOTA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocynaceae. Common 
Names, Bitter bark, Native Quinine of Australia. Habitat, 
Australia. Preparations. — The Mother tincture is prepared 
from the bark and the dilutions from the tincture. The bark 
contains alstonine, porphyrine, and alstonidine. Dosage. — 
Homceo. , The tincture is given from 10 to 60 drops. The bark 
may be administered in capsules from 2 to 5 grains. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of malarial cachexia, and 
the resulting gastro-intestinal disorders. The skin is dirty, 
sallow, and tawny ; the tongue dirty and pasty ; the urine is 
cloudy and the cases present periods of exacerbation and re- 
mission. 

Compare. — Natrum mur. 

ALSTONIA SOHOLARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocynaceae. Synonym, 
Bchites scholaris. Common Name, Dita bark. Habitat, India, 
and obtained mostly from the Philippines. Preparations. - 
Mother tincture from the dried bark, and dilutions. The al- 
kaloids ditamine and ditaine are obtained from the bark. 
Dosage. — The tincture may be taken up to 1 fluid ounce; 
the fluid extract, 1 to 4 fluid drachms. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of malaria with debility, 
when there is a sensation of great weakness and sinking in the 
region of the stomach and of the abdomen; also in cases of 
dysentery and diarrhoea, when there is violent purging, such 
as is seen in camp diarrhoea and in diarrhoea resulting from 
impure water and malaria. 

ALUMEN. 

Description. — Common Names, Alum, Potash alum. It 
is a colorless salt composed of transparent, crystalline masses 



ALUMINA. 97 

and having an acid, sweetish taste. Preparations. — Homceo. , 
The crystals are triturated with sugar of milk. The 2x dilution 
may be prepared by dissolving alum in water i-ioo. Higher 
dilutions are made from the 2x with water to the 3, and after 
this with alcohol. U. S. P., Alumen, Alumen exsiccatum. 
Dosage. — Of the pure Alumen and Alumen exsiccatum, gr. 
x-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an astringent and 
coagulates the albumen, producing local contractions and in- 
durations. It diminishes the secretions and produces consti- 
pation. Large doses may produce nausea, vomiting, and gas- 
tric and abdominal pains. 

THKRAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the aged who suffer from ex- 
treme constipation and a general muscular weakness, which 
may be paralytic in character. 

In enlarged and indurated tonsils it should be studied w T hen 
there is a tendency to repeated acute catarrhal conditions. 
"Kvery cold settles in the throat." There is aphonia with 
burning pains that extend down the oesophagus. 

In constipation where the stool resembles marbles the rec- 
tum appears powerless to expel its contents. Following the 
passage there is aching and smarting in the anus. 

In the haemorrhages of typhoid fever it has been employed. 

It assists the healing of ulcers that are surrounded by an 
indurated base, and relieves glandular induration. 

This tendency to induration is observed in the mammary 
gland and in the neck of the uterus. There is a burning pain 
on the vertex, and chronic gonorrhceal discharge with aphthous 
patches of the vagina. 

Compare. — Opium , Conium, Carbo animalis. 

ALUMINA. 

Description. — Common Name, Aluminum hydroxide. It 
is a light amorphous powder, white, insoluble both in water 
and alcohol. It is prepared by adding Potassium carbonate in 



98 Blackwood's materia medica. 

solution to absolution of Alum. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Triturations and dilutions. U. S. P. , Alumini hydras. Dos- 
age. — The pure substance is given in doses, gr. iij-xx, in 
powder or mixture. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces profound 
prostration, diminishes the secretion, and as a result there is 
constipation and inactivity of the bowels, and congestion and 
dryness of the mucous surface. The nervous system is affected 
as indicated by the extreme prostration, with numbness of the 
parts. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are prematurely old, 
and suffer from debility; also in the aged who take cold easily. 
The patient is tired and faint and must lie down. In the major- 
ity of cases when this remedy is indicated there is a condition 
of constipation present. The stool is hard, dry and knotty, 
and the rectum is sore, dry, inflamed and bleeding, as is seen 
in nursing children. There may be no desire for stool, or the 
rectum is so inactive that even soft stools require great strain- 
ing. 

It is indicated in pharyngitis when there is great dryness 
of the throat, with a constant attempt to clear it; or there is a 
continual dry, hacking cough, which is the result of catarrh of 
the pharynx. The female suffers from a profuse leucorrhcea, 
which is acrid, transparent and burns the genitals, and extends 
down the limbs to the feet during the day. The menses are 
early, scanty, pale, of short duration, and are followed by great 
prostration. 

It has proven curative in locomotor ataxia. The lower ex- 
tremities appear heavy, can scarcely drag them, and he stag- 
gers when walking; cannot walk except when the eyes are 
open and during the daytime. There is a craving for starch, 
chalk, charcoal and indigestible foods. The patient is better 
in the open air and from washing in cold water, and is worse 
from potatoes and starches and from living in a warm room. 

Compare. — Plumbum, Opium, Secale cornutum. 



AMBRA GRISKA. 99 

ALUMINUM CHLORIDUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Aluminum chloride. It 
is a colorless salt prepared by dissolving Aluminum hydrate in 
Hydrochloric acid and evaporating. Preparations.— Tritur- 
ations. Dosage. — Triturations ix to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in the fulgurant pains of loco- 
motor ataxia. It should be given well diluted after the 
meals. 

Compare. — Argentum nitricum. 

AMBRA GRISBA. 

Description. — Ambergris is an odorous waxy material of 
an ashy-gray color and is found in the intestines and among 
the excreta of the sperm whale. Preparations. — The genu- 
ine Ambergris is triturated with sugar of milk to the 6x and 
the dilutions are prepared from this. Dosage. — The tritura- 
tions and dilutions may be given as usual. The dose is from 5 
to 20 grains in substance. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is antispasmodic, and 
acts as a stimulant to the vasculatory and nervous system, and 
produces a state similar to hysteria. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be remembered in cases of lean, deli- 
cate, sickly looking persons, who take cold easily. This may 
be a child or a young girl who is excitable, nervous and weak ; 
or it may be an old person whose nerves are " worn out," and 
who is troubled with nervous vertigo, obstinate constipation, 
and who must do everything in a hurry as time passes too 
slowly. 

There is a cough which is nervous and spasmodic in charac- 
ter. It is attended with hoarseness, is w T orse in the presence 
of company, or from talking or reading, and is attended with 
a feeling of obstruction of the chest. 

i-OFCL 



ioo Blackwood's materia medica. 

There is a discharge of blood during the menstrual interval, 
from any slight provocation, as a long walk, or the passage of 
a hard stool. The menses are apt to be early, between the 
periods there is a bluish leucorrhoea with itching of the puden- 
dum, soreness and swelling. 

The sleep is disturbed and restless, business cares and anx- 
ious dreams disturb him, and he must get up. 

Pruritus vulvce with itching and soreness which is most 
pronounced about the genitals, and may lead to nymphomania, 
disturbed sleep, and there is numbness of the skin. 

Constipation with frequent ineffectual urging to stool; and 
the presence of a second person in the room is unbearable dur- 
ing stool. 

Compare. — Sumbul, Castor eum, Asafcetida. 

AMBROSIA ARTBMISIiEFOLIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Names, Ragweed, Hayweed. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — The Mother tincture is ^prepared from the fresh 
leaves and flowers. The dilutions are run up from the tinc- 
ture. The Ambrosia artemisisef olia contains an essential oil 
which is not found in the related species Ambrosia triflda. 
Dosage. — The tincture may be given from i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This remedy produces symp- 
toms that are very similar to hay fever. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It has been employed in cases of hay fever and whooping 
cough. There is a "stuffed up" feeling of the nose, head, and 
chest, with a wheezing cough, and pain in the chest. The 
nose is red and swollen, with a profuse, watery discharge, or a 
stiff and dry feeling. There may be nosebleed. 

Compare. — Arsenicum iod., Naphthalin. 

AMMONIACTJM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferse. Common 
Name, Gum Ammoniac. Habitat, the plant Dorema Atn- 



AMMONIUM BKNZOICUM. IOI 

moniacum is found in Persia. Preparations. — The pure 
gum-resin in tears which exude from the stem is triturated 
with sugar of milk. Dilutions are prepared from the 6x tritu- 
ration. Dosage. — Of the gum-resin, gr. x-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant, anti- 
spasmodic, and expectorant. If taken in large quantities, it 
produces colic, vomiting and purging, and an eruption upon 
the skin. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the chronic bronchitis of the 
feeble and the aged, that is attended with profuse formation 
within the tubes, with difficulty in raising it. The throat is 
dry, and the breathing difficult. 

It is also of service in cases of catarrhal headaches, depend- 
ent upon closure of the frontal sinuses. 

Compare. — Senega, Balsam Peru, Copaiba, Tartar emetic. 

AMMONIUM BENZOICUM. 

Description. — Benzoate of Ammonia comes in minute, 
white, glistening, four-sided laminae, having a bitter, saline 
taste. Preparations. — Homceo. , The pure Benzoate of 
ammonia is triturated with sugar of milk and the dilutions are 
prepared from the trituration. U. S. P., Ammonii Benzoas. 
Dosage. — The substance is given from 10 to 60 grains. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a mild diuretic, 
somewhat stimulating. Forms hippuric acid, and decreases 
the amount of urea. 

f THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the urinary incontinence of the 
aged, with cystic irritation ; the urine is scanty, pungent, of 
a dark red color, and there is a thick deposit. Cases of gout 
require it when there are deposits in the joints and the urine 
presents the characteristic features. 

There is pain in the renal region, and sensation of internal 
soreness. In albuminuria it is indicated by the same general 
symptoms. 

Compare. — Benzoic acid. 



102 Blackwood's materia medica. 

AMMONIUM BROMATUM. 

Description. — Ammonium bromide is in colorless pris- 
matic crystals, or in a crystalline powder, and has a saline 
taste. Preparations;— Homoeo. , The pure chemical is trit- 
urated with sugar of milk. The dilutions are prepared from 
the 6x trituration. U. S. P. , Ammonii bromidum. Dosage. 
—The substance, from i to 30 grains, well diluted with water. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in headaches that are dependent 
upon cerebral congestion. There is a sensation as of a band 
tied about the head, which presses hardest just above the ears. 

It should be remembered in cases of epilepsy when the 
prominent symptom is the intense cerebral congestion, also in 
cerebro-spinal meningitis during the congestive stages.. 

It is frequently the remedy required in cases of laryngeal, 
pharyngeal irritation and catarrh when they are attended with 
a deep, spasmodic cough that is very_ severe. The cough re- 
turns at short intervals, and may be almost continuous for 
hours, especially while lying down. There is a sensation of 
tickling, heat and burning in the parts. It should also be re- 
membered in the acute attacks of chronic bronchitis, when 
there is rattling in the chest, with a difficult and painful ex- 
pectoration. The pain in the chest is relieved by pressure. 

It is of service in cases of pharyngitis when there is burn- 
ing of the parts and thick, white, frothy or stringy mucus. 

Compare. — Belladonna, CEnanthe crocata. 

AMMONIUM CARBONIOUM. 

Description. — Carbonate of Ammonia comes in white, 
hard, translucent masses, and has a saline taste and the odor of 
ammonia, and for the latter reason is used in smelling salts. 
Preparations. — Homceo.: — The mother tincture is prepared 
by dissolving the pure chemical in nine parts by weight of dis- 
tilled water. Dilutions from the tincture. Triturations by trit- 
urating the chemical with sugar of milk. U. S. P., Amonii 



AMMONIUM CARBONICUM. IO3 

carbonas and Spiritus ammonise aromaticus. Dosage. — Dose 
of substance, gr. iij-x; for children, gr. %-i]. The spiritus, 
from 30 drops to a fluid-drachm. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant, dia- 
phoretic and expectorant. When taken into the system it 
enters the blood and increases its alkalinity, diminishes its 
tendency to coagulation and lessens its oxygen carrying power. 

When the vapor is inhaled it causes great irritation of the 
respiratory passages, which may result in spasmodic closure of 
the glottis and suffocation. Small doses increase the flow of 
the gastric juices if taken before meals, while it neutralizes 
them if taken after. A toxic dose gives rise to a violent in- 
flammation of the mouth, fauces, oesophagus and stomach. 
Post mortem examination in cases where death has resulted 
from it shows gastro-intestinal inflammation. The motor cen- 
ters of the spinal cord are stimulated, and through the stimu- 
lation of the heart there is an accelerated pulse rate and an in- 
crease of the arterial tension. 

The respirations are increased in frequency. It is elimi- 
nated chiefly by the kidneys. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in the subacute and chronic 
ailments of the air passages in those of a lymphatic tempera- 
ment with lax fibres and lowered vitality, those who show a 
tendency to fainting and collapse and must have their smelling 
bottle. The pulse is feeble, the superficial circulation is 
labored, and the patient is restless and suffers from insomnia. 

It is of service in cases of nasal catarrh in which the nose 
is stopped up and he wakens gasping for breath. The coryza 
may be excoriating, and burns the throat as it passes down. 
It should be remembered in the "snuffles" of children when 
these symptoms are present. Where these conditions appear 
during the winter there may be a feeling of a lump in the 
throat; there is a dry cough, which is worse at night and may 
threaten suffocation, and rawness behind the sternum. 

In hydrothorax it is of service when there is a sensation of 
burning in the chest with forcible palpitation of the heart, ex- 



io4 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

treme precordial distress, asthmatic breathing, and syncope 
upon attempting to move. 

It should be thought of in cases of malignant scarlet fever 
when the rash is of the miliary variety, the tonsils of a dark 
red or livid color, or gangrenous. There is great fetor, the neck 
is much swollen and there is a great collection of exceedingly 
sticky saliva. The tongue is painful, owing to vesicles upon 
it. The patient lies in a profound stupor; the breathing is 
stertorous, and the vitality is greatly weakened. 

Compare. — Antimonium tartaricum, Muriatic acid, 
Rhus toxicodendron. 

AMMONIUM CAUSTICUM. 

Description. — Synonym, Aqua Ammoniae. Common 
Name, Ammonia water. This is an aqueous solution of Am- 
monia, which may be prepared by heating a mixture of equal 
parts of Ammonium chloride and fresh burnt lime. Prepa- 
rations. — Homceo. , The mother tincture is the aqueous solu- 
tion containing 10 per cent. , by weight, of the Ammonia gas. 
Dilutions are run up from the tincture. U. S. P., Aqua Am- 
moniae, Aqua Ammoniae Fortior. Dosage. — Of the mother 
tincture Vfl v-jjs, well diluted. Aqua Ammoniae TT[ v-gss., 
well diluted. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where there is indication 
of heart failure that is dependent upon haemorrhages, throm- 
bosis, and snake bites. In oedema of the mucous membranes 
it is of service; also in cases of membraneous croup and diph- 
theria. The respiratory tract shows a catarrhal condition with 
difficult respiration. 

Compare. — Crotalus horridus, Lachesis, China, Phos- 
phorus. 

AMMONIUM IODATUM. 

Description. — Synonym, Ammonii iodidum. Common 
name, Iodide of Ammonium. A whitish, deliquescent salt, 
granular, or in crystals, which readily turns yellow. Prepara- 



AMMONIUM MURIATICUM. IO5 

tions. — Homoeo., The pure Iodide of Ammonium is triturated 
with sugar of milk. Dilutions are made from the trituration. 
U. S. P., Ammonii Iodidum. Dosage. — The substance is 
given in doses, gr. ij-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of laryngitis, bronchitis 
and croupous bronchitis, when Iodine has not relieved it, al- 
though apparently indicated; also in cases of localized, dull 
headache, in those suffering from syphilis, or scrofulous con- 
ditions, when the pulse is slow and feeble, and there is dizzi- 
ness, unsteady gait, and great difficulty in controlling volun- 
tary movements. 

Also in persistent headaches in young, full-fed people, who 
are confined in close rooms, and in which the face presents a 
stupid, heavy appearance. It is to be remembered in Menier* s 
disease-, as indicated by the tinnitus aurium, vertigo, hardness 
of hearing, unsteady gait, with a feeble, sluggish circulation, 
and especially if there is a history of syphilis. 

Compare. — Mercurius, A T atrum iodide. 

AMMONIUM MURIATICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Chloride of Ammonia. It 
comes in white masses of fibro-crystalline texture. Prepara- 
tions. — Homoeo., Mother tincture is to be prepared by dis- 
solving pure Chloride of Ammonia in distilled water. The di- 
lutions are run up from the tincture. The pure chemical is 
triturated with sugar of milk to make the triturations. U. S. 
P. , Ammonii chloridum. Dosage. — The substance is given, 

|gr. j-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in physiological 

|doses increases the secretions of the gastro-intestinal tract so 
that the tongue is coated. There is anorexia, disturbed diges- 
tion, vomiting, and diarrhoea. As a result the solid constitu- 
ents of the blood are diminished, the secretions of the mucous 
Surfaces are augmented. It is eliminated by the skin, kidneys, 
and bronchial mucous membrane. 



io6 Blackwood's materia medica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is adapted to those who are fat and sluggish, 
and who have small, thin legs. They are prone to suffer from 
catarrhal conditions, and as a result it is indicated in cases of 
coryza that is watery and acrid and corrodes the lips. There 
is sneezing and crawling in the throat, with extreme soreness 
and tenderness of the nose, and loss of smell. 

This condition has a tendency to extend downward to the 
larynx and bronchial tubes, giving rise to bronchial catarrh, 
when the cough may be either dry or hacking, and attended 
with stitching pains and profuse expectoration with great 
rattling in the chest. The latter is frequently observed in the 
aged. In all forms of chest complaints there is usually a sen- 
sation of coldness between the scapulae. When the catarrhal 
process is confined to the larynx, it is indicated by aphonia, 
hoarseness, and rawness and burning in the larynx. 

It relieves cases of constipation and hemorrhoids. In 
constipation the stools are hard and crumble at the verge of 
the anus, and require great effort to expel them. They vary 
in color, no two stools being alike, and they are accompanied 
by much flatus. The haemorrhoids are sore and smarting, and 
are attended with burning and stinging in the rectum for| 
hours following the stool. During the menses there is vomit- 
ing and diarrhoea, wfth neuralgic pains that extend to the feet. I 
The flow is more profuse at niglit and while lying down. 
There is frequently a leucorrhcea which has the appearance of I 
the white of an egg. It is preceded by griping pains in the[ 
region of the navel, and at times is of a brown, slimy appear- 
ance. 

There are nervous and other derangements of the extremi- 
ties that demand it. In the forearms there is a sensation asl 
though they had gone to sleep; while in the lower extremitiesl 
there is a sensation as though the hamstring muscles were tool 
short. It has relieved bromidrosis when the patient was of thel 
type demanding the remedy. 

Compare. — Senega, Calcarea carb., Causticum, Hepa? 
sulph. 



AMMONIUM VALERIANICUM. I07 

AMMONIUM PHOSPHORICUM. 

Description — Synonym, Amtnoiiii Phosphas. Common 
Name, Phosphate of Ammonia. It forms large, colorless, 
transparent crystals, having a cooling, saline taste. Prepara- 
tions. — The pure chemical is triturated with sugar of milk. 
The dilutions are prepared from the trituration. Dosage. — 
The dosage of the substance is gr. x-xxx in water. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is of service in cases of gout, when there are 
nodosities and deformities of the joints; also cases of arthritis 
deformans and rheumatism. It has relieved chronic bronchitis 
in gouty subjects. 

AMMONIUM PICRICUM. 

Description. — Synonym, Ammonii Picras. Common 
Names, Picrate of Ammonia, Carbozolate of Ammonia. It is in 
the form of lemon or orange- colored acicular crystals of in- 
tensely bitter taste. Preparations. — Triturations and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Gr. J^-^, administered in pills or capsules. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of malaria, neuralgia, 
and bilious headache, when the pain is confined to the right 
side of the head and to the occiput. There is vertigo when 
rising, with irregular menstruation, flatulence, and a tendency 
to leanness. 

It is of service in whooping cough, when the attacks are 
severe. 

Compare. — Nat. mur., Chin, ars., Drosera, Naph- 
thalin. 

AMMONIUM VALERIANICUM. 

Description. — Synonym, Ammonii Valerianas. Valeri- 

I anate of Ammonia. It is in white four-sided plates and has 

the odor of Valerianic acid. Preparations. — Homoso., The 



io8 Blackwood's materia medica. 

pure chemical is triturated with sugar of milk and the dilu- 
tions are prepared from the 6x trituration. U. S. P., Am- 
monias Valeras. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. j-v. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in neuralgic headaches and proso- 
palgia when the pain is unsupportable. The face is cold and 
pale, the extremities are cold, and there is great nervous ere- 
thism. When the neuralgic condition is attended with conges- 
tion of the head, study the Bromide of Ammonia; when the 
liver is the starting point, study Muriate of Ammonia; but 
when the cranial nerves suffer most, study Valerianate of Am- 
monia. 

It should be remembered in cases of insomnia that are the 
result of emotional excitement, hysterical conditions, or an 
indulgence in green tea and coffee. 

It is of service in enuresis of nervous, hysterical children, 
especially girls. 

It should be studied in functional disturbance of the heart 
in nervous, hysterical subjects. There may be violent neu- 
ralgic pains of the heart and other viscera. It relieves tachy- 
cardia, and the irritability of the heart, with vulvar lesion when 
the compensation is full. 

Compare. — Zinc valerianate, Ignatia, Moschus. 

AMYGDALUS PBRSICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosaceae. Synonym, Per- 
sica vulgaris. Common Name, Peach tree. Habitat, Persia, 
but is cultivated on all continents. Preparations. — The 
mother tincture is prepared from the fresh flowers. An in- 
fusion from the leaves has also been used. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, 1-5 drops. Infusion, 1 drachm to 1 fluid ounce. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be remembered in case£ of morning 
sickness, in the gastric irritation of children, and in cases oi 
haemorrhage from the bladder. It is useful in gastritis when 



AMYI, NITRIS. I09 

there is vomiting and extreme irritability of the stomach; also 
in cases of cholera infantum, diarrhoea and dysentery, and dys- 
pepsia when there is gastralgia and nausea. There is gastric 
and abdominal tenderness, the tongue is elongated and painted, 
the tips and edges are reddened, the papillae are prominent and 
there is constant nausea and vomiting. It has been employed 
in irritability of the bladder and urethra, in cases of ischuria 
and hematuria. 

AMYL NITRIS. 

Description. — Synonyms, Amyl-nitrous ether, Amyl ni- 
trite. It is a clear, pale-yellow liquid containing about 80 per 
cent, of Amyl nitrite. Preparations. — Homceo., The mother 
tincture is prepared by diluting 1 part of Amyl nitrite with 99 
parts alcohol. Dilutions are run up from this. U. S. P., 
Amyl nitris. Dosage. — Amyl nitris, Tfl_ %-] in alcohol. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is prompt in its 
action, and produces headache, vertigo, confusion, and relaxa- 
tion of the voluntary and involuntary muscles; and as a result 
there is a loss of co-ordination, flushed face, fulness of the 
head, and roaring in the ears, and dilatation of the arteries. 
At first the heart is increased in force and rapidity, while later 
it becomes weak, and the blood is venous in character. The 
respirations are slowed. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is used by olfaction in the relief of Chloroform 
asphyxia and in angina asphyxia when accompanied by high 
arterial tension; also in epilepsy, tetanus, and the convulsions 
of strychnine poisoning. It is of some service for temporary 
relief in whooping cough, laryngismus stridulus, and asthma 
I in adults; but it should not be given to young children. 

It may be occasionally administered to relieve the high 
Itention in interstitial nephritis, but it is inferior to Glonoin in 
Ithese cases. For the flushes of heat that appear at the climac- 
|teric period it is often of service, as in chronic blushing. 
Compare. — Glonoin, 



no Blackwood's materia medica. 



ANAOARDIUM ORIENTALE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Anacardiaceae. Synonym, 
Semecarpus Anacardium. Common Name, Marking Nut. 
Habitat, West Indies. A brown-black oil is derived from the 
mesocarp of the fruit. Preparations. — The mother tincture 
is prepared from the seed. The caustic fluid contained in the 
seed and usually found dried is triturated with sugar of milk. 
The dilutions are made from the 6x trituration. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, TTL j~ x « Triturations from 3X up in usual 
size doses. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
produces redness, tumefaction, inflammation, and blisters of 
the skin. Internally, it produces gastric distress, with, intesti- 
nal derangement, which is followed by mental stupor and 
paresis. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of mental derangement, 
the result of over-use of the mind, and in cases of brain-fag. 
In many of these cases there is a sensation as though there 
was a band about the part, or there is a sensation as if 
a plug was penetrating the parts. It should be remembered in 
mental derangement with loss of memory, when everything 
appears as if but a dream. He is confused and unfit for busi- 
ness; thinks he has two wills, one commanding him to do what 
the other forbids. 

When he is walking, is anxious, as if some one was pursu- 
ing him; suspects everything around him. He is disposed to 
be malicious and seems bent upon wickedness, and has a de- 
sire to curse and swear. 

It relieves a most violent form of gastralgia, from which 
the patient finds relief by eating, and while the stomach is full, 
but it returns as the stomach becomes empty, and remains till 
more food is partaken of. At times there is a faint feeling in 
the stomach which comes when it is empty and is relieved by 
eating. 



ANAGAUJS ARVKNSIS. Ill 

There is a great desire for stool, but with the effort the de- 
sire passes away without any evacuation. The rectum is 
powerless, as if paralyzed, with a sensation* as if it were 
plugged. 

Headache is also relieved by eating, and when lying down. 

Compare. — Rhus toxicodendron, Cypripedium, Nux 
vomica. 

ANAGALLIS ARVTENSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Primulaceae. Common 
Name, Scarlet Pimpernel. Habitat, Europe, but has been 
naturalized in America. Preparation. — The mother tincture 
is prepared from the fresh plant. The dilutions are made from 
the tincture. Dosage. — Dose of tincture, Tlj j-v. Dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces bodily 
pain, persistent "sick headache," and inflames the mucous 
membrane of the stomach and bowels, and produces eructa- 
tions; it also causes mania characterized by great hilarity. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed as an antidote to poisons and to 
prevent injurious effects from the bites of rabid animals. 

It is useful in headache when it is confined to the supra- 
orbital ridges and is attended with rumbling in the bowels 
and eructation. 

In diseases of the skin it is of service when there is great 
itching of the fingers and palms of the hands, which are 
covered with a raw eczema-like eruption. 

Compare. — Echinacea. 

ANANTHERUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Graminese. Synonyms, 
Anantherum muricatum, Vetiver. Habitat, East Indies. 
Preparations. — The tincture is prepared from the dried root. 
The dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 

m j-v. 



ii2 Blackwood's materia medica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in various unhealthy conditions 
of the skin, as abscesses, ulcers, herpes, pruritus, with a 
tendency to suppuration. Also in cases of cystitis, in which 
there is constant urging to urinate. The urine is thick and 
turbid, due to mucus. 

Compare. — Hepar sulphuris, Lappa, Sepia, Silicea, 
Echinacea. 

ANHALONIUM. 

Description. — Alkaloid obtained from the Anhalonium 
Lewinii (Mescale button), a cactus growing in Mexico. It is 
a white chrystalline powder, soluble in alcohol, ether and 
chloroform. Preparations. — Triturations. Dosage. — 
Triturations, 2x to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of neurasthenia, delirium, 
hallucination, and megrim. With the headache there is dis- 
turbed vision, and brilliant colored objects are seen; there 
is loss of the conception of time. There is aggravation from 
closing the eyes, and on moving them, and relief is obtained 
from lying down. 

Compare. — Stramonium, Kali phos., Gels., Cannab. Ind., 
Belladonna. 

ANTIMONIUM ARSENICUM. 

Description. — Synonym, Antimonium Arsenitum, Arsen- 
ite of Antimony. A white amorphous powder prepared by 
adding a soluble salt of antimony to a solution of potassium 
arsenite. Preparation. — The pure salt is triturated with 
sugar of milk. Dilutions from the 6x trituration. Dosage. — 
Of the substance, gr. -fa. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of extreme dyspnoea, and 
emphysema in those who are weak and prostrated. This is 



ANTIMONIUM CRUDUM. II3 

frequently observed during pleurisy and pericarditis when at- 
tended with effusion. There is a cough and the patient is 
worse after eating, and while lying down. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Hepar sulphuris, Sul- 
t>hur. 

ANTIMONIUM CHLORIDUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Antimonii trichloridum, Butter 
of Antimony. It is a white powder, which, when exposed to 
the air, becomes yellowish. Preparations. — Triturations. 
Dosage. — Triturations, 3X to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of ulcers and abrasions of 
the mucous membranes that simulate cancer. The skin is 
cold and clammy and there is pronounced prostration. 



ANTIMONIUM CRUDUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Stibnite, Sulphide of 
Antimony. A natural mineral found in parts of Europe and 
the United States. It is of a dark gray color, somewhat 
iridescent and of a metallic lustre. Preparations. — The care- 
fully selected mineral is triturated with sugar of milk. Dilu- 
tions are made from the 6x trituration. Dosage. — Antimonii 
sulphidum, gr. x-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
membranes, especially of the digestive tract. The mucous 
surface is covered with mucus, and as a result digestion is 
slowed and fermentation of the food results; there is flatulence 
and alternate diarrhoea and constipation. The secretions from 
the bowels are of a foul odor, and contain large amounts of 
mucus. There is an excess of mucus in the pharynx and 
bronchi. The skin is easily irritated, and pimples, pustular 
eruptions and callosities form upon it. The tongue is coated 
white, and there is mental despondency. 



ii4 Blackwood's materia medica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a derangement of 
the digestive organs, a thick white coating upon the tongue, 
and a marked mental irritability and fretfulness. The eructa- 
tions have the taste of the food taken some time before. 

It should be remembered in cases of gastric disturbances 
of various forms when the digestion is slow. There is fer- 
mentation, nausea, and vomiting, the bowels are loose, and the 
stools are lumpy. 

In cholera infantum it is indicated when there is nausea 
and a cutting colic. The stools are yellow and very offensive, 
the anus is excoriated; the child is fretful and peevish, cannot 
bear to be looked at or spoken to, the face is hot, and the 
pulse irregular. 

This is the first remedy to study where the diarrhoea is in- 
duced or aggravated by acids, sour wines, over-heating, or cold 
bathing. 

It should be remembered in the- alternate diarrhoea and 
constipation of old people. Should the constipation be the 
predominating feature it is attended with excessive flatulence, 
and the stool is white and lumpy. In cases of mucous colitis 
this remedy is of service when there is an excess of mucus in 
the stools and the gastric and mental symptoms accord. 

The skin presents certain features which are characteristic 
and nearly always attended with indigestion. There are 
horny excrescences, thick, hard scales and callosities and 
corns on the soles of the feet close to the toes. These spots 
become inflamed and very sensitive. 

It relieves the cutaneous disorders observed in the aged, 
as corns, horny excrescences, and fistulous ulcers. Also cases 
of urticaria attended with red areolar patches, which come 
and go. The patient is hot and thirsty, and the disorder ap- 
pears to be dependent upon the eating too freely of meat, or 
from over-eating. 

The nostrils and labial commissure become sore, cracked, 
and crusty. In connection with the callosities already men- 
tioned the hands show horny warts, the nails grow in splits, 



ANTIMONIUM TARTARICUM. 115 

and horny growths appear under the nails, which are quite 
sensitive. 

Cold bathing and river bathing are frequently followed 
by headache. There is also a sensitiveness to the heat, 
he cannot bear the heat of the sun, and is worse from 
exertion in the sun, from over-heating near the fire, 
and feels exhausted in warm weather. Despondency and 
melancholy are relieved by it when there is great sad- 
ness, the patient being irritable and suffering from head- 
ache and gastric derangements. Nervous, excitable, hys- 
terical girls that are overcome by mellow lights, and as a re- 
sult there is an outburst of affection, as is observed in the 
sick, and those who are suffering from the effects of disap- 
pointed affection. 

Compare. — Hydrastis Canadensis, Pulsatilla, Ipecacu- 
anha, Ig?iatia, Phosphoric acid. 

ANTIMONIUM SULPHUR ATUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Sulphurated Antimony, 
Kermes Mineral. It is a reddish-brown amorphous powder, 
which is chiefly Antimony trisulphide with a very small but 
variable amount of Antimony trioxide. Preparations. — 
Triturations and dilutions. Dosage. — Antimonium sulphura- 
tum as alterative gr. 1-2 and as emetic gr. v-xx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic nasal and bronchial 
catarrh. There is loss of smell, with increased secretions from 
the nose, which is prone to bleed while washing the face. The 
pharynx and bronchi show increased secretions. 

There is difficult respiration with irritation of the larynx 
and pressure and constriction of the bronchi. 

Compare. — Aurum, Kali bi. , Hepar sulph. , Sanguinaria, 
Argent, nit. 

ANTIMONIUM TARTARICUM. 

Description. — Synonym, Antimonii et Potassii Tartras. 
Common Name, Tartar Emetic, Tartrated Antimony. It 



n6 Blackwood's materia medica. 

comes in colorless, transparent rhombic crystals which become 
opaque on exposure to the air. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Triturations and dilutions, also solution ( T £ ). U. S. P., An- 
timonii et Potassii Tartras. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. 

1 i 

T6 _ 4* 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin produces a papular eruption, which becomes vesicular, 
then pustular with a central umbilication, while later desic- 
ation takes place. When administered internally there is an 
increased flow of the saliva, the gastric and intestinal juices, 
with a degree of nausea. I^arge doses excite vomiting with diar- 
rhoea, producing cramps and pain in the epigastric region. 
They depress the heart's action, render the ventricular con- 
tractions slower and weaker, and as a result the arterial tension 
is lowered. 

Small doses increase the secretions of the bronchial mucous 
membrane, while large doses render the respiration irregular, 
and greatly increase the bronchial secretions. The temperature 
of the body is lowered. It depresses" the spinal centers and 
muscular system, and paralyzes both the motor and sensory 
centers, diminishing reflex excitability. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are of a slow phleg- 
matic constitution, who are melancholy, bad humored, and de- 
spair of their recovery. It should be studied in those suffer- 
ing from sub-acute bronchitis with cough, fine subcrepitant 
rales, hoarseness, and tenderness of the larynx, capillary 
bronchitis of the aged, and in infants during the. stage of re- 
laxation, when the secretions fill the bronchial tubes, but the 
patient lacks the power to expectorate. It is observed in cases 
of bronchitis when the heart's action is enfeebled, breathing 
is attended with loud rattling or wheezing in the chest, and the 
patient is cyanotic. Much the same group of symptoms is 
prominent in broncho-pneumonia, when there is difficult breath- 
ing, loud rales, enfeebled heart's action and cyanosis. It is of 
service in cases of small-pox, where it covers the symptoms at 
all periods of the case. 



ANTHRACINUM. 1 17 

It should be remembered in cases of g astro-enteritis that 
are characterized by great anxiety, nausea, vomiting of a green, 
watery, frothy material that contains particles of food. Purg- 
ing is frequently associated with the vomiting. The stools are 
profuse and watery, and indications of collapse are present. 
There is coldness of the surfaces, the hands and feet are like 
ice. It is indicated in lumbago when the pain is intense and 
the slightest move gives rise to retching and a cold, clammy 
sweat. 

Compare. — Ipecacuanha, Ferrum phos., Kali sulphuri- 



ANTHBMIS NOBILIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, English Chamomile. Habitat, Southern Europe. 
Preparations. — The mother tincture is prepared from the 
fresh plant. Dilutions made from the tincture. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1-5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of coryza with sneezing 
and lachrymation. The discharge from the nares is clear, like 
water. These symptoms are aggravated from confinement to 
a warm room; accompanying these conditions there is aching 
in the hepatic region, griping in the abdomen, with light col- 
ored stools and itching of the anus. 

ANTHRACINUM. 

Description. — Anthracin is the pus from the Anthrax, a 
malignant boil. Preparations. — The pus is triturated with 
sugar of milk to the 6x and dilutions run up from this. 
Dosage. — Not given in the lower triturations. Dilutions, 6th 
and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in carbuncles and septic inflam- 
mation, in which there is decomposition going on. The sur- 



n8 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

rounding tissue is cedematous and indurated. The glands are 
inflamed and sensitive. The affected parts burn as though on 
fire. It has also been of service in erysipelas, the effects of in- 
sect bites, and in the ill effects of inhaling foul odors. 

Compare. — Lachesis, Cro talus, Arsenicum, Echinacea. 

ANTIPYRINTJM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Antipyrine, Phenazone. It oc- 
curs in white chrystalline lamina or as prismatic crystals, and 
is obtained from phenylhydrazine by a complicated process. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations. Dosage. — Dose for 
adults of the pure substance is, gr. v-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent, when applied 
locally (in 30 to 40 per cent, solution), is a most powerful 
haemostatic and local anaesthetic. When taken internally it re- 
duces the temperature, causes a copious perspiration, with a 
measle-like eruption, and at times urticaria, and occasionally 
bulla. 

Small doses have but little effect on the circulation, while 
large doses weaken the heart and cause depression and col- 
lapse. The urea is diminished, the kidneys are congested, 
and the urine contains albumen. It prevents the formation of 
glycogen into sugar. The blood shows changes so that the pa- 
tient becomes anaemic and debilitated. The nervous system 
shows changes. Large doses produce convulsions, paralysis, 
insensibility, and death due to failure of respiration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in erythema which appears first 
upon the arms, and extends to the legs; also in chronic urti- 
caria of women, with great itching and bulbous eruptions. In 
these cases the intense itching has been a guiding indication. 

It is employed in physiological doses in ovarian neuralgia, 
dysmenorrhea with profuse menstruation, in nervous head- 
aches when the pain is in paroxysms, in severe after-pains; 
also in spasmodic asthma, acute coryza, whooping cough, and 
laryngismus stridulus. 



APIS MELLIFICA. II9 



APHIS CHENOPODII GLAUCI. 

Description. — Commo?i Name, Plant-louse, found on the 
Chenopodium Glaucum. Preparations. — Mother tincture 
of the live insects, and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilution, 6th 
and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a severe pain at the 
lower angle of the left shoulder blade. There is a morning 
diarrhoea, with tenesmus and burning in the anus. The 
brain feels sore, as if moving about in the cranium. 



APIS MELLIFICA. 

Description. — Common Xame, Honey-bee. Apis nielli- 
fica is made from the whole live bee while Apis virus is made 
only from the poison sac and the sting. Preparations. — 
The mother tincture is prepared from the whole live bee, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, \ to 5 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diuretic, dia- 
phoretic, an'd alterative. It stimulates the kidneys, and has 
an irritating influence upon the urinary tract. It produces 
congestion and a mild inflammation of the ovaries (left) and 
testicles, with a tendency to dropsy. There is eczema of the 
cellular tissue in all parts of the body, that is attended with 
redness, burning, and stinging pains. Upon the skin there 
develops urticarious inflammation, with a red and white 
areola; also vesicular eruptions with a bluish-red, hard base, 
or an cedematous or erysipelatous swelling. There is inflam- 
mation of the serous surfaces with dropsical effusions. Upon t 
the mucous membranes there is catarrhal inflammation with a 
tendency to oedema. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a rapid cedematous 
swelling of a part that is attended with stinging pains, a 



120 Blackwood's materia medica. 

bruised sensation, burning and redness; also when there is 
serous effusion of an inflammatory origin. The patient is 
drowsy, thirstless, intolerant to heat, and is. worse from 4 to 6 
p. M. 

It should be remembered in mental derangements when 
the patient is silly, jealous, 4aughing, fidgety, awkward and 
clumsy, drops things, in meningitis with effusion, the child 
lies in a stupor, gives a sudden shrill cry. There is twitching 
of the muscles of one side, while the other appears to be 
paralyzed. The urine is scanty, but there is no thirst. It 
controls asthenopia and chemosis from any cause, when at- 
tended with burning, shooting, stinging pains in the eyelids, 
and hot lachrymation. The eyelids are cedematous, with bag- 
like swelling under the eye, the lids feel stiff. It relieves 
glossitis, and inflammation of the buccal membranes, when 
they are swollen, red and cedematous. There are burn- 
ing, stinging pains in the parts. 

In the oedema that accompanies laryngitis ', pharyngitis, 
diphtheria, and in the inflammation ^that attends scarlet fever, 
it is indicated when the throat is intensely red, dry, and 
glazed looking, and there are stinging, burning pains upon 
swallowing. 

It is serviceable in acute nephritis when the urine is scanty 
and of a dark color. There is more or less ascites and dropsy, 
with soreness of the abdominal walls; while it is as frequently 
indicated in cystitis as other remedies. It is of service when 
there is vesical tenesmus with scanty and high colored urine, 
and pain in the region of the bladder. It frequently meets 
the albuminuria and general anasarca that follows scarlatina. 
It relieves hydrocele when there is excessive oedema of the 
parts, also erysipelatous inflammation of the genitals and 
orchitis with much hypertrophy of the testicles. 

In the female it is indicated in cases of ovarian irritation 
when there are burning, stinging pains and soreness in the 
ovarian region; also in ovaritis when there are paroxysms of 
severe pain; the ovary is enlarged, indurated, and sensitive, 
and may undergo a cystic degeneration. There is more or less 
oedema about the privates. 



APOCYNUM ANDROS^MIKOUUM. 121 

In all forms of cedematous swellings and dropsical effusions 
of the chest it is indicated. Inflammation of the pericardium 
with effusions in which the pulse is hard, small, and quick. 
It is indicated in acute synovitis, and in the general anasarca 
that attends nephritis by the general symptoms. In fevers, 
the temperature is high, there is great prostration. In inter- 
mittents, the chill appears at 4 p. m. 

It is of service in diseases of the skin when it is oedematous 
and anasarca that is pale and waxy is present. Also in ery- 
sipelas, urticaria, and carbuncles, when they are attended 
with oedema and burning, stinging pains. 

Compare. — Cantharis, Mezereum, Bryonia alba, Zinc. 

APITJM G-RAVEOLENS. 

Description. — Natural Order,- Umbelliferse. Common 
Name, Celery. Habitat, England and Europe, also grows in all 
temperate regions. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the 
entire plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture TT|_ 
v-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nervous irritation and fidgets, 
when patient cannot sleep for thinking of various subjects. 
There is a constriction under the sternum with drawing feel- 
ing through the back. 

It should be employed as a food in rheumatic conditions. 

APOCYNUM ANDROSJEMIFOLIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocynacese. Common 
Name, Dog's Bane. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — The mother tincture is prepared from the fresh root, 
and dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 
2 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of chronic hepatic affec- 
tions and dyspepsia when the bowels are constipated, and in 
nervous headache* that are associated with a chronic intestinal 
9 



122 Blackwood's materia medica. 

torpor. It has been used extensively in rheumatic and syph- 
ilitic affections when the pains are wandering from point to 
point. The joints are painful, and there are tingling pains in 
the toes and soles of the feet, and violent heat and cramps 
in the soles of the feet. 

APOOYNUM CANNABINTJM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocynaceae. Common 
Name, Canadian Hemp. Habitat, North America. Its active 
principle is Apocynin. Preparations. — Homoeo. , The 
mother tincture is prepared from the fresh root, and dilu- 
tions from the tincture. U. S. P., Fluidextractum Apocyni. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, TTt x-xxx. Fluidextract, 

TTL v-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a greatly 
increased flow of urine without irritating the kidneys. There 
are no indications of renal congestion. It improves the char- 
acter and strength of the heart's contraction, renders the pulse 
more regular, and increases the arterial tension. I^arge doses 
produce violent and exhausting emesis, act as a cathartic and 
suppress the urine. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of anasarca, ascites and 
oedema when they are dependent upon a suspension of the 
renal function. The urine is scanty and dark colored, the skin 
is distended and glistening, the circulation is slow, the 
bowels are constipated, and a sensation as of sinking is com- 
plained of at the pit of the stomach. There is great thirst, but 
water disagrees, it causes pain or is immediately vomited. 

It is in cases where the kidneys do not show any pronounced 
degeneration that it is of the most service. When degeneration 
of the kidneys is present it will afford but temporary relief. 
In post scarlatinal dropsy with albuminuria and a general ana- 
sarca it is of benefit. 

It is useful in cases of ascites dependent upon portal con- 
gestion; also in puerperal convulsions dependent upon uraemia. 
In these conditions it is advisable to use it hypodermatically. 



APOMORPHIN^ HYDROCHLORAS. 123 

It should be remembered in dropsy that is dependent upon 
a feeble heart, when the blood pressure is lowered. In the 
latter stages of heart diseases, where general anasarca is pres- 
ent, it improves the character of the circulation. It has been 
curative in cases of hydrocephalus. 

It should be studied in females with relaxed and flabby tis- 
sues. They are anaemic, suffer from metrorrhagia or menor- 
rhagia. There is puflmess about the ankles, the urine is scanty 
and the heart's action is feeble and the blood pressure is low. 

In the dropsies of the chest it is of service when there is 
pronounced dyspnoea, suffocative and distressing cough, as well 
as in the anasarca that attends renal hyperemia in beer 
drinkers. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Helleborus, Apis nullified, Arseni- 
cum album. 

APOMORPHIN^l HYDROCHLORAS. 

Description. — Common Name, Hydrochlorate of Apo- 
morphine. Apomorphine is an alkaloid prepared from Mor- 
phine or Codeine; the hydrochlorate occurs in small colorless 
crystals, without odor, and having a faintly bitter taste. 
Preparations. — Homoeo., Triturations and dilutions. U. S. 
P., Apomorphinae Hydrochloras. Dosage. — The dose of the 
substance is, gr. -^ to ^ hypodermically, and gr. T V ~i by the 
mouth. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an emetic, 
and produces epileptiform convulsions, tetanic convulsions, 
and paresis in animals. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where the gastric symp- 
toms predominate; there is a feeling of nausea at intervals, 
worse after partaking of food; there may be no pain or head- 
ache, and the tongue is clean. Cases of sudden vomiting, 
with but little nausea; there is vertigo, dilated pupils, at times 
heartburn and pain between the scapulae. 

When its physiological action is desired one -^ of a grain 
hypodermatically is usually sufficient, and will produce emesis 



124 Blackwood's materia medica. 

in from three to eight minutes. It may be employed to eject 
bodies from the oesophagus, to evacuate the stomach after 
poison, except Opium, and in extreme catarrhal and asthmatic 
attacks. If it is administered to children it should be with ex- 
treme care, usually ^ of a grain. 



AQUILEG-IA VULGARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculacese. Common 
Name, Common Garden Columbine. Habitat, Europe. 
Preparations. — The mother tincture is made from the entire 
fresh plant. Dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of clavus hystericus and 
globus hystericus in women about the climacteric, with vomit- 
ing of a green substance during thejnorning. 



ARALIA RACEMOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Araliacese. Common 
name, American spikenard. Habitat, North America. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture from the fresh root; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 5 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where the menstrual flow 
is suppressed as a result of exposure; also where the lochial 
flow has been suppressed and there is pain in the uterine 
region, and tympanitis is present. The leucorrhcea is acrid, 
foul smelling, and is attended with much bearing-down pain 
and distress. 

It is of service in asthma that is accompanied by a spasmodic 
cough and tickling in the throat. It is worse at night and on 
lying down. 

Also in hay-fever with frequent sneezing; this is worse from 



ARCTIUM LAPPA. I25 

a slight draught, and there is a copious, watery, excoriating 
discharge from the nose. Aralia has rendered excellent ser- 
vice in cases of chronic pulmonary complaints, glandular en- 
largements, and chronic catarrhal conditions. 

Compare. — Cepa, Arsenicum, Iodine, Naphthalin, Sin- 
apis. 

ARANEA DIADEMA. 

Description. — A spider found in Europe and America of 
the family Epeiridae. Common Name, Diadem spider. Prep- 
arations. — The mother tincture is prepared from the live 
animal, and the dilutions from this. Dosage. — Dilutions from 

3 X up- 
Physiological Action. — This agent produces a coldness, 
similar to that of malarial poisoning, that returns with marked 
regularity, and renders the system very susceptible to damp- 
ness and cold changes. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is indicated in headache and confusion" of the head which 
is relieved by smoking and by being in the open air. There 
is a severe toothache in all the teeth, which comes on as soon 
as he lies down in bed at night. 

There is a sensation of heaviness in the abdomen with en- 
largement of the spleen. The stools are liquid, and are at- 
tended with pain. All symptoms return at precisely the same 
hour each day, and are worse during damp weather, and while 
living in damp places. 

He feels well on a sunny day, but is sick when it becomes 
damp. 

Compare. — Cedron, Arsenic, Heloderma, Cinchona. 

ARCTIUM LAPPA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Synonyms, 
Lappa major, Burdock. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilu- 



126 Blackwood's materia medica, 

tions. U. S. P., Lappa. Kxtractum X,appae Fluidum. Dos- 
age. — Of the extract, 3j~ij- 

Physiological Action. — This agent increases the secre- 
tions ; and is a diuretic, diaphoretic, and aperient. The tinc- 
ture of the seeds is a stomachic tonic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in various forms of skin disease of 
the head, face, and neck, when there is a moist, offensive 
eruption which forms a grayish white crust. The lymph glands 
receiving the lymph of the parts are swollen, and may sup- 
purate. 

It is useful in tinea capitis, crusta lactea, and various forms 
of eczema when the head is completely covered with grayish 
white crusts which are offensive; the hair is nearly destroyed. 
It has a favorable action in the relief of boils about the face, 
and styes; also boils over the body; as well as in the swelling 
and suppuration of the axillary glands. 

It has relieved cases of polyuria with pain in the bladder 
following urination, in those afflicted with offensive skin erup- 
tions. 

In derangements of the pelvic organs of the female, it is of 
service when there is a sensation of soreness, as if bruised, in 
the uterine region. There is relaxation and a lack of tone to 
the pelvic structures. These are aggravated by any misstep 
or sudden jar. 

Compare. — Hepar sulphuris. 

ARGENTUM METALLICUM. 

Description. — Silver is a metallic element used in homoe- 
opathy in the form of a fine gray, metallic powder, obtained 
by precipitating the metal from a solution of silver by means 
of a reducing agent. Preparations. — Triturations and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Triturations and dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the larynx, 
producing a sub-acute catarrhal condition, and upon the artic- 
ulations, producing a condition that simulates arthralgia and 
arthritis. 



ARGENTUM NITRICUM. L27 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy is indicated in cases of sub-acute and chronic 
laryngitis when there is hoarseness and aphonia, the larynx 
feels sore and raw, or there is a sore spot in the supra-sternal 
fossa. There is a loss of voice in professional singers, or the 
quality of the voice is changed. The expectoration looks like 
boiled starch, and is brought up easily. This same character 
of an expectoration is present when the trachea and bronchi 
are involved. 

It is of service in arthritis, especially of the elbow T and 
knee; the legs are tiembling and weak. Also in arthralgia, as 
coxalgia and hysterical joints. It controls seminal emissions 
that appear without sexual excitement; the testicle feels as 
though it were being crushed. 

It should be studied in diseases' of women when there are 
bearing-down pains, the cervix is eroded, there is a foul, ex- 
coriating leucorrhcea; the womb is prolapsed; the ovaries feel 
enlarged, and there is a feeling of soreness through the abdo- 
men,, which is worse from movement. 

Compare. — Aurum, Selenium, Platinum, Stannum. 

ARGENTUM NITRICUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Argenti Nitras, Silver Nitrate. 
This is a colorless, transparent salt occurring in tabular, rhom- 
bic crystals. The salt and solutions of it turn black on expo- 
sure to light when organic matter is present. Preparations. 
— Homceo., The mother tincture is a 1-9 solution; also tritura- 
tions and dilutions are prepared. U. S. P., Argenti Nitras, 
Argenti Nitras Mitigatus, Argenti Nitras Fusus. Dosage. — 
The substance may be given, gr. \-\, starting with the smaller 
dose. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
is a caustic; but superficial in its action. It produces a dark 
discoloration, due to its union with the albumen and fibrin; 
upon the mucous membranes of the stomach it produces a con- 
dition of atony with great flatulence. When poisonous doses 
are taken it produces vomiting, purging, spasms of the abdom- 



128 BIvACKWOOD'S materia medica. 

inal muscles, convulsions, delirium, a lowering of the heart 
action, failure of the respirations, and death. 

The kidneys, liver, and all glandular tissues show degener- 
ation; especially those of a fatty character. The cartilages of 
the body show destructive inflammatory changes. The haemo- 
globin is diminished, and as a result there is defective oxida- 
tion and anaemia. The temperature is lowered. In connection 
with the nervous symptoms already mentioned there is head- 
ache which appears to be deep in the substance of the brain; 
this is attended with mental depression, vertigo, restless sleep, 
spinal weakness, pain in the small of the back, and a debility 
of the extremities that approaches paresis. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in neurotic affections and in 
catarrhal conditions of the mucous membranes with a profuse 
muco-purulent discharge; and in functional and organic nerv- 
ous diseases. There is a great craving for sweets; there are 
splinter-like pains, and a sensation as though the parts were 
expanding. The patient presents a withered, or dried-up ap- 
pearance. There is a gradual increase and decrease of the 
pains. 

In ophthalmia neonatorum, gonorrhceal ophthalmia, granu- 
lated eyelids, and in purulent conjunctivitis, it is of the great- 
est service, and should be employed both locally and inter- 
nally; also in coryza with ulceration of the nasal septum; the 
gums are tender and bleed easily; the tip of the tongue is red 
and painful, and the papillae of the tongne are prominent. 

It is useful in acute or chronic catarrhal pharyngitis', there 
may be a sensation of a splinter in the throat when swallow- 
ing, or of rawness, and soreness and scraping, which may be 
attended with a thick, tenacious mucus, which causes hawking 
in the endeavor to clear the throat. It has relieved the catar- 
rhal trouble of smokers, and the chronic laryngitis of singers, 
especially when there is a muco-purulent discharge from the 
posterior walls of the pharynx. This catarrhal trouble may in- 
volve the bronchi, when there is dyspnoea, with burning and 
heaviness in the chest, and an expectoration of purulent ma- 



ARGKNTUM NITRICUM. 129 

terial mixed with blood. It is usually the principal remedy in 
chronic catarrhal gastritis when there is distress and tenderness 
in the epigastrium, flatulence, and vomiting of large quantities 
of ropy mucus. In these cases twenty minims of a freshly 
prepared 1 per cent, solution should be given in half a glass 
of hot water before meals. 

In laryngeal phthisis it is indicated when the cartilages of 
the larynx have undergone changes. There is aphonia, and a 
cough which is dry and spasmodic, producing a sensation as of 
tearing in the larynx. The cough is increased by rest and by 
the recumbent posture. 

In the gastralgia and the hysterical tympanitis of weak, 
delicate females, it is of service when the attacks are pre- 
cipitated by some slight emotion. The pains appear and leave 
slowly, are gnawing in character, are relieved by firm, pressure, 
and made worse from taking food. Frequently they suffer 
flatulence. The stomach is greatly distended; there are 
eructations, the gas escaping with great violence. 

In gastric ulcer, it is of service in those who are anaemic 
and chlorotic; the pain is below the ensiform cartilage, and ex- 
tends through to the spine. 

In chronic diarrhoea, it is indicated in neurotic subjects, 
who are distressed with frequent and forcible eructations. The 
stools vary in character, they contain an excess of mucus and 
are attended with but little or no tenesmus. It meets the in- 
dications in cases of pseudo-membranous enteritis, when the 
discharge consists of a red or green shreddy material; there is 
pain in the bowel and the patient is hypochondriacal and a 
neurotic. 

While it has no positive action in controlling cirrhosis of 
the liver, it will control the gastric catarrh and flatulency that 
attends many of these cases. It is one of the remedies that is 
of service in diabetes insipidus when the emaciation and weak- 
ness is pronounced, micturition is frequent, and the urine is 
profuse and turbid, and the gastric indications of the remedy 
are present. 

It often relieves the nephralgia that is dependent upon 
renal congestion, or the passage of a renal calculi. There is a 



130 Blackwood's materia mkbica. 

dull, aching pain in the lumbar region which extends to the 
region of the bladder. The urine is dark, contains uric acid, 
blood, and renal epithelium; its passage causes a sensation of 
burning. 

It should be studied in cases of locomotor ataxia; there is 
the ataxia gait, which is aggravated from closing the eyes; he 
cannot walk in the dark without reeling; the legs feel as if 
made of wood. There is atrophy of the optic nerve, the pupils 
may be contracted, or uneven in size, while the pupillary re- 
flex is lost. There is paralysis of the bladder, loss of sexual 
desire, or priapism, gastric crises, and shooting pains. 

In paraplegia, it is indicated when there is spinal weakness 
with pains in the lumbar region, weakness of the limbs, vertigo 
and dim vision. 

It should be remembered in disseminated sclerosis of the 
brain and cord, myelitis and in epilepsy; the gastric symptoms 
are the ones upon which its choice should be based. It is fre- 
quently the remedy to follow Gelsemium in post-diphtheritic 
paralysis. In functional nervous diseases, as neurasthenia 
and brain fag, it is of service when there is mental depression, 
profound melancholia with physical weakness, which is fre- 
quently traceable to excessive venery and alcohol. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Mercurius, Pulsatilla, 
Gelsemium. 



ARMORACIA SATIVA. 

Description. — Cruciferse. Synonyms, Cochlearia Armor- 
acia, Horse-radish. Habitat, Western Kurope, but culivated 
elsewhere. Preparations. — Mother tincture of fresh root; 
dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the mother tinc- 
ture, 1 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in disease of the urinary organs 
and intestines, and in cases of rheumatism. In nephritis 
the urine is increased in quantity, is pale, and contains albu- 
min. In the inflammatory stages of gonorrhoea, there is vio- 



ARNICA MONTANA. I3I 

lent burning and difficult micturition; the discharge from the 
urethra is scanty. It is of service in abdominal cramps when 
the pains start from the region of the stomach and pass around 
both sides to the back. The stools contain an excess of mucus 
and at times there is involuntary passage of mucus from the 
bowels. 

Compare. — Cannabis sativa, Hydrastis Can. 

ARNICA MONTANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Name, leopard's bane. Habitat, Northern Hemisphere. 
Preparations. — Homceo., The mother tincture is prepared 
from the fresh foot, root-leaves and full blown flower. The 
tincture for external use is prepared .from the dry root. Dilu- 
tions from the mother tincture. U. S. P. , Tinctura Arnicae. 
Dosage. — Homceo., Mother tincture, i to 5 drops. U. S. P., 
Tinctura Arnicse, TT[ v-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
has produced a violent erysipelatous inflammation, vesicular 
eruptions, and red inflamed pustules resembling boils. It 
causes venous haemorrhages, and produces a condition of the 
tissues that simulates contusions. It increases the flow of 
saliva, causes nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea, collapse and 
death. The muscular tissue is irritated and a myalgia de- 
veloped. There is a paresis of the motor nerves, and an 
effusion of serum into the serous cavities. The heart's action 
and the respiration are increased. The temperature of the 
skin is elevated, and all the secretions increased. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated following mechanical injuries, 
strains, and wrenching of muscles, in haemorrhages from in- 
juries, injuries of the soft parts that accompany fractures, and 
bruises, and ecchymosis, and in concussions of the spine and 
brain, and in inflammation of the skin and cellular tissue, with 
extreme tenderness to pressure. 

As its action is upon the muscular tissue, it is frequently of 



132 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

service in myalgia that is the result of over-exertion, or the 
use of weakened muscles, when this condition is confined to 
the chest, as well as pleurodynia, or rheumatic pleurisy. 

It is useful in heart troubles that have their origin in over- 
exertion; or strain of the heart from violent exercise. There 
is pressure under the sternum, with anguish, collapse, dyspnoea, 
and a small, irregular pulse. There are stitching pains in the 
cardiac region. 

It is to be remembered in speaker's sore throat when there 
are evidences that the parts have been strained; and in any 
case when there is a history of traumatism, or over-exertion, 
from which recovery is not perfect. 

It is to be studied in diseases of the skin, as erysipelas and 
furunculosis, when the skin is red, hot, cedematous, and tender 
to pressure. The furuncles appear one after another and are 
extremely sore. It will relieve diarrhoea when the stools are 
involuntary at night while asleep, and consist of undigested 
food, pus, and sour smelling material. 

It is a useful remedy in typhoid, and other types of low 
fevers, when the patient feels as if bruised all over, and every- 
thing upon which he lies feels too hard, compelling him to 
change his position on this account. The face is deep red, the 
stools and urine are passed unconsciously. If he is conscious 
when spoken to, he answers correctly, but at once lapses into 
unconsciousness, and the delirium returns. In rheumatic 
conditions he is afraid of being touched by those coming near 
him. 

Compare. — Bryonia, Cimicifuga, Baptisia. 

ARSENICUM ALBUM. 
Description. — Synonym, Arsenous acid, Arsenic, Arsen- 
ious oxide. It occurs as a white powder or in white opaque or 
vitreous lumps, and is odorless and tasteless. Preparations. 
— Homceo., Triturations and dilutions, also mother tincture of 
drug power T £ . U. S. P., Arseni trioridum, Liquor Acidi 
Arsenosi. Dosage. — Of substance, gr. r -Jo~r5- Dose of 
mother tincture and of Liquor Acidi Arsenosi is from i to 3 
minims. 



ARSENICUM AI/BUM. 133 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin acts as a caustic, and produces a violent inflammation 
with sloughing of the parts. When small doses are taken, it 
has a tonic effect upon the nervous system and circulation, 
stimulating the flow of saliva, and gastric and intestinal juices, 
increasing the peristalsis and improving the digestive and 
nutritive functions. Toxic doses produce violent gastro-enter- 
itis with nausea, diarrhoea, and a sense of heat and dryness in 
the stomach. The heart is rendered irritable and feeble, and 
fatty degeneration of the myocardium ensues. The red blood 
corpuscles are decreased in number, and the blood rendered 
less coagulable. The urine becomes scanty, albuminous, and 
bloody. The skin shows oedema which extends and becomes 
a general anasarca if the drug is continued. This is at. times 
followed by eczema, urticaria, herpes-zoster, bronzing and ex- 
foliating of the skin; the hair and nails may fall. The nerv- 
ous system shows disorders of motility and sensibility, tremors 
and multiple neuritis. 

It also acts as a respiratory depressant. Toxic doses increase 
the bodily temperature, though the extremities are cold. It 
is eliminated by the intestines, kidneys, liver and skin. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases characterized by extreme 
weakness and prostration, especially by the least exertion, 
with restlessness, anguish, and burning everywhere. There 
is an unquenchable thirst for small quantities of water at fre- 
quent intervals. The pains are worse from rest, and increased 
by cold. All troubles are worse from 12 to 2 a. m. The patient 
fears death, is restless, with weakness of the memory, and a 
tendency to suicide. 

It becomes a remedy in melancholia after financial losses, 
when he believes he will starve. There are sleepless nights, 
with anxiety, restlessness, and great fear of death; also in 
mania, he believes his case incurable, he is irritable, discour- 
aged, and restless. 

It cures various forms of headaches, a periodical headache 
with vomiting when raising the head, accompanied by severe 



134 Blackwood's materia medica. 

vertigo and anguish; hemicrania with sensations of hot pains 
extending through the ramifications of the fifth nerve, must 
move, but he is so very weak and prostrated. Also in megrim 
that is accompanied with biliary derangement, vertigo, nausea, 
retching, and vomiting of bile. 

In rhinitis and winter colds, it is indicated by a thin, watery 
discharge that excoriates the upper lip. The nose feels stopped 
up, there is a frontal headache, photophobia, and excessive 
sneezing. The patient is worse on going into the open air, 
the burning, however, being better in the open air, and worse 
near the fire. It becomes the remedy in influenza when the 
discharges are profuse, burning, and corroding, and are accom- 
panied with extreme lassitude and aching of the muscles. 

The tongue may be red, dry, and black in typhoid and 
gangrenous, and when there are spots they burn like fire. 

The mouth is dry, so that there is great craving for small 
quantities of water at frequent intervals. 

In diphtheria, it is indicated by the high fever, extreme 
restlessness, and prostration, burning; and thirst; the breath is 
fetid, the membranes have a dry, wrinkled look, and the throat 
feels dry, as if scraped, and may even be gangrenous. 

It is indicated in acute gastritis when there are pains, 
thirst, restlessness, and diarrhoea. The patient desires cold 
water, but it causes distress. The stomach feels as though it 
were on fire. The nausea that attends these cases is associated 
with a sense of great weakness and anxiety; it often recurs 
periodically. It is useful in the nausea and vomiting that re- 
sult from eating ice cream, and the toxaemia that occasionally 
follows, as well as for the injurious effects of ice water, when 
the stomach feels full and distended, and there is nausea and 
vomiting. When cold drinks are continued, or alcohol has 
been employed for a prolonged period, a chronic catarrhal gas- 
tritis is established and this remedy is curative when there are 
burning pains in the epigastrium, with great thirst, restless- 
ness, and anxiety. In gastralgia, it is curative when the pa- 
tient is feeble and anaemic, the pains being of a burning char- 
acter and radiating in various directions. Haematemesis is 
relieved by it when the patient is anaemic, and shows scorbutus 



ARSENICUM ALBUM. I35 

and indications of degeneration. In cancer of the stomach it 
will assist in relieving the burning pains and distress. En- 
largement and induration of the liver and spleen following 
malaria are benefitted by it, when burning and stitching pains 
are present. 

It is indicated in peritonitis by the burning distress in the 
abdomen like coals of fire, with great restlessness and anxiety; 
also in dysentery when .there are violent, cutting pains in the 
abdomen, which is greatly distended. The evacuations are 
frequent, and then there is a cold sweat with spells of fainting. 

Asiatic cholera and cholera morbus require it when there is 
intense vomiting with stools that resemble rice-water. They 
are profuse and watery. The burning, thirst, anxiety, and 
restlessness that characterize the remedy are present, and while 
the extreme heat is complained of internally, externally the 
patient is cold. In cholera infantum, much the same class of 
symptoms are present. The stools are undigested, the taking 
of food causes a movement of the bowels, and the trouble is 
worse after midnight. The skin is harsh, dry, and of a yellow- 
ish tinge. The child becomes rapidly emaciated. 

It is demanded at times in intermittent fever, when the 
chill is irregular and not well defined, the heat being intense, 
and attended with thirst for hot drinks, cold drinks causing 
the patient to shiver. Sweating does not relieve the symp- 
toms. The patient is greatly prostrated, and dropsy is apt to 
appear as a result of the enlarged liver and spleen. In some 
cases neuralgia appears. In these cases the general and gas- 
tric symptoms are present. 

In a continuous type of fever, as typhoid, it is indicated 
when there is diarrhoea, the stools being yellowish and watery 
in character, offensive, and w r orse after midnight. The fever 
is high, the blood changes are pronounced, and there is the 
exhaustion, agony and thirst characterizing this remedy. 

It frequently becomes the remedy in diseases of the heart, 
myocarditis, pericarditis following measles and scarlatina. 
The restlessness, prostration and anxiety which characterize 
the remedy are present. There is dyspnoea which is worse 
after midnight, and upon lying down. The skin is cold and 



136 Blackwood's materia medica. 

clammy, while . great internal heat is complained of. The 
heart's action is tumultuous at first. In time dropsy and ana- 
sarca appear, albumen casts are present in the urine, and all 
the indications of renal degeneration. The skin has a pale, 
waxy hue. 

In chronic diffused nephritis, it is indicated by the dropsy 
that fills the serous cavities, anaemia, and gastro-intestinal 
irritation, the thirst, anxiety, restlessness, dyspnoea, nightly 
aggravation, and desire to lie with the head high are the symp- 
toms upon which the selection is made. In diseases of the 
skin, it is indicated by the indurated, hardened condition of 
the skin, with extensive scaling of raw, colored scales. This 
should lead to its use in eczema, etc. It has been employed 
in the medical treatment of cancer. Its general symptoms 
lead to its selection in diseases of the nervous system. 

It is indicated in hemicrania that is associated with bilious 
colic, bilious vomiting, or some affections of the liver. There 
is depression of the spirits. The patient believes he is going 
to die; is aggravated by cold, ameliorated by warmth. There is 
great prostration, restlessness and chilliness. In neurasthenia, 
it is suggested by weakness of the lower limbs, or trembling of 
the limbs from debility. The patient is sleepless and restless. 

Compare. — China, Veratrum album, Iodine, Kali phos- 
phoricum. 



ARSENICUM BROMATTJM. 

Description. — The preparation of Bromate of Arsenic 
used is Clemen's solution which contains one drachm Arsenous 
acid in eight ounces of water. Dosage. — 2 to 4 drops daily. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of acne rosacea, herpetic 
eruption with violent papules. Also in glandular tumors, 
syphilitic excrescences, carcinoma, indurations, diabetes, and 
locomotor ataxia. 



ARSENICUM IODATUM. 137 

ARSENICUM HYDROGENISATUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Arsine, Arseniuretted hydro- 
gen. This is a colorless gas, having a foetid alliaceous odor 
and is exceedingly poisonous. Preparations. — The saturated 
solution freshly prepared^ mixed with an equal quantity of 
distilled water, produces the ix dilution. Dosage. — Of the 
ix dilution, 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has proven of special service in cases of yel- 
low fever ^ and during the stages of collapse in Asiatic cholera. 
In yellow fever the patient is greatly excited, desires to talk, 
the face and whole body is of a copper color. There is con- 
stant retching and vomiting after taking the least food or 
drink, and vomiting of green, bitter fluid with pain and heat 
in the abdomen. The urine is dark in color, and contains pure 
blood. The pulse is rapid, and there .is insomnia. In the col- 
lapse that attends cholera the countenance presents an expres- 
sion of extreme anxiety; there is great coldness and prostra- 
tion with pronounced weakness. 

ARSENICUM IODATUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Arsenous iodide, Iodide of 
Arsenic. It occurs in brick-red crystalline flakes, soluble in 
water and in alcohol. Prepared by subliming, a mixture of 
Metallic Arsenic and Iodine. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Triturations and dilutions. U. S. P. , Arseni Iodidum. Dos- 
age. — Of the substance, gr. ^"t'o- Max. dose, gr. \. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is indicated in catarrhal process in scrofulous 
individuals when the discharge is irritating to the mucous 
membrane over which it flows, in pulmonary tuberculosis when 
cavities have formed, in arterial sclerosis, and cardiac degener- 
ation, and in chronic skin affections. 

In catarrhal troubles it should be remembered when the 
10 



138 Blackwood's materia medica. 

patient is chilly and cannot endure cold weather. Frequently 
there is a history of tuberculosis in the family, and the pa- 
tient is prostrated. The discharge is highly irritating to the 
parts over which it passes. When these symptoms are present, 
it will benefit hay fever, influenza; also in nasal catarrh of the 
middle ear, and Eustachian tube, when the tissues of the part 
are red, swollen, itch, and burn. This also applies to catarrhal 
processes of the genital organs. 

In pulmonary tuberculosis and chronic catarrhal pneu- 
monia, it is indicated by night sweats, the racking coughs, 
muco-purulent expectoration, dyspnoea, great debility, rapid, 
irritable pulse, emaciation, and tendency to diarrhoea. These 
symptoms indicate it in chronic pneumonia, and when pul- 
monary abscesses are threatened. In arterio-sclerosis, cardiac 
degeneration, and in the senile heart, it is indicated when 
there is vertigo, a tremulous feeling, the heart is enlarged, its 
action is irregular, and increased, the pulse has a shotty feel- 
ing under the finger, and there may be slight anginal pains at 
times. When this degeneration involves the kidneys it should 
be studied. 

In cases of ichthyosis, it is of service; the skin is dry, and 
scaly. Also in eczema of the beard, when there is watery ooz- 
ing and itching, which is worse from washing, and the glands 
of the parts may be enlarged. 

Compare. — Iodide ant., Tuberculinum, Gnaphalium, 
Sanguinaria nitrate. 

ARSENICUM METALLICUM. 

Description. — Metallic Arsenic is one of the metallic ele- 
ments, and is a brittle substance, dark gray, and of a metallic 
lustre. Preparations. — Triturations and dilutions. Dosage. 
—Triturations, 3X to 6x and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is extreme weakness 

with periodic attacks that return at intervals of two or three 

weeks. The mouth is sore and ulcerated. The tongue shows 

the imprint of the teeth. 



ARTEMISIA VULGARIS. I39 



ARSENICUM SULPHURATUM FLAVUM. 

Description. — Common Names ', Arsenous Sulphide, Or- 
piment, Yellow Sulphide of Arsenic. This is a lemon-yellow 
powder, becoming darker when heated, and is without taste or 
odor. Preparations. — Triturations and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Dose of the substance, gr. ^- T V 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of leucoderma and squam- 
ous syphilides, the indications being chafing about the geni- 
tals. There are difficult respirations. 

ARSENICUM SULPHURATUM RUBRUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Arsenic disulphide, 
Realgar. Pure Arsenic disulphide is transparent, ruby colored 
and easily fusible. Preparations. — Triturations and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Dose of substance, gr. ^V-ra 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of acne, psoriasis, and in- 
fluenza. 

ARTEMISIA VULGARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Name, Mugwort. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — The 
mother tincture is made from the fresh root. Dilutions from 
the tincture. Dosage. — Tincture and dilutions as usual. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed for the relief of epilepsy 
and hysteria, spinal irritation, and convulsions of childhood. 

In epilepsy it is the petit mal principally, or epilepsy with 
no aura. The attack is frequently induced by fright or violent 
emotions. Several of the attacks may occur in close prox- 
imity. It has been of service in somnambulism, and in menor- 
rhagia with violent uterine contractions. 

Compare. — CEnanthe crocata, Solannm nig. 



X40 BLACKWOOD '$ MATERIA MEDICA. 



ARUM TRIPHYLLTJM. 

Description. —Natural Order, Araceae. Common Name, 
Jack-in-the-pulpit, Indian turnip. Habitat, America. Pre- 
parations. — The mother tincture is prepared from the fresh 
root. The dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, I to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when freshly dug 
causes upon mastication an intensely acrid impression upon 
the tongue, lips, and fauces, as though the parts had been 
severely scalded; this is followed by a slight inflammation and 
tenderness, and aphthous ulceration. It acts upon the salivary 
glands, causing congestion and salivation, and is an expector- 
ant and diaphoretic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in conditions in which there are 
thin, excoriating discharges from the nose, which is sore and 
excoriated. It is of service in # cases of scarlet fever when there 
is a thin, ichorous, burning fluid from the nose that excoriates 
the nose and lips. The patient may be delirious, must breathe 
with the open mouth, and is constantly picking the nose until 
it bleeds. 

It should be remembered in cases of diphtheria when the 
mouth and fauces are covered with a deposit. Ulcer^ are to be 
seen at different points. The secretions are acrid and excoriat- 
ing; the glands of the neck are swollen and painful. It re- 
lieves cases of stomatitis where there are burning pains, ex- 
cessive salivation, the mucous surface raw and sore, the tongue 
is red, like a beet, and the papillae are prominent. It has been 
employed in sore throat of public speakers, who speak im- 
properly, and as a result suffer from hoarseness, pain in the 
larynx, and an excessive accumulation of mucus in the throat. 

Compare. — Ailanthus, Allium cepa, Argentum metal- 
licum. 



ASAFCETIDA. 141 

ARUNDO MAURITANICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Graminese. Common 
Name, Reed. Habitat, Europe. An Italian grass. Prepar- 
ations. — The mother tincture is made from the fresh root- 
sprout. Dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Dose of 
tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in coryza and hay-fever with loss 
of smell. There is burning and itching in the auditory canals. 
The catarrhal state extends down to the bronchial tubes, and 
there is a cough with dyspnoea and a bluish expectoration. It 
should be remembered in the diarrhoea of nursing children, 
when the passages are green and excoriate the anus. It has a 
marked influence upon the skin, relieving an eczema which is 
attended with itching, burning, and oedema of the upper ex- 
tremities, burning of the soles of the feet, and a copious offen- 
sive perspiration of the feet. 

Compare. — Ambrosia, Allium cepa, Naphthalin. 

ASAFCETIDA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferae. Common 
Name, Devil's dung. It is a gum-resin obtained by incision, 
from the living root of Ferula fcetida, a plant indigenous to 
Persia and Thibet. Preparations. — Homoeo., The mother 
tincture is prepared from the gum-resin. The dilutions from 
the tincture. U. S. P., Asafcetida, Kmulsum Asafcetidse, Tinc- 
tura Asafoetidse. Dosage. — Homoeo., Of the tincture, 3 ss- ij- 
U. S.P., Of the the substance in pills (gr. iij. ) j-iv pills. Of 
the tincture 3 ss_ ij- The emulsion ^ss-ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an antispas- 
modic, diuretic, laxative, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, aphro- 
disiac, a stimulant to the brain and nervous system, a stimu- 
lating expectorant, and anthelmintic. Small doses derange 
the digestion and cause gastralgia, and flatulent, foetid disten- 



142 Blackwood's materia medica. 

sion which results in diarrhoea and tenesmus, with vesical 
irritation and burning. Large does produce hysterical and 
nervous symptoms with nausea, vomiting, purging. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be remembered for patients that are 
hysterical, hypochondriacal, hyper-sensitive, and who are fat, 
flabby, and purple. The venous system predominates. They 
are weakly, delicate and hysterical, and are annoyed with ex- 
cessive flatulence and eructations; it seems as if they would 
burst from the upward pressure. They are "full of wind," all 
of which comes up, but none passed downward. 

Globus hystericus, in which there is a sensation as if a ball 
was rising in the throat, from a reverse peristaltic action of the 
oesophagus; this is frequently observed after the suppression 
of some habitual discharge, as ulcers, expectoration, diar- 
rhoeas, etc. 

Syphilitic, mercurial, and scrofulous affections of the bones, 
as caries; and of the skin as ulcers; also cases of periostitis 
and supra-orbital neuralgia of syphilitic origin. In all these 
cases, apart from the pain, there is great sensitiveness and a 
blueness about the part. The edges of the ulcers are high, 
hard, sensitive to touch, and bleed easily. The discharges 
from all sources are very offensive. 

Hysterical asthma, in which there is a spasmodic tightness 
of the chest wall, as if the lung could not be fully expanded. 

It is employed as a galactagogue in sensitive, hysterical 
females. 

Compare. — Mercurius, Sumbul, Castoreum, Moschus. 

ASARUM CANADENSE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Aristolochiacese. Common 
Names, Wild ginger, Canada snakeroot. Habitat, United 
States. Preparations. — Mother tincture from the fresh 
root. Dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the mother 
tincture Jss-ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant, causes 
perspiration and promotes expectoration. 



ASARUM EUROPIUM. 143 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy is indicated in cases of suppression of a nasal 
catarrh from colds; also for cases of gastro-enteritis, and 
amenorrhcea when dependent upon recent colds. 

Compare. — Sticta, Kali bichromicum. 

ASARUM BUROPJEUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Aristolochiacese. Common 
Names, Asarabacca, Hazelwort. Habitat, Burope. Prepar- 
ations. — The mother tincture is prepared from the entire 
fresh plant. The dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — 
The mother tincture may be given from 5 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an emetic, 
cathartic, and errhine. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where there is erethism 
and loss of energy. There is hyperesthesia of the senses. 
Can not bear the least noise, and there is excessive sensibility, 
with chilliness. This is observed in cases of neurasthenia 
when the sensibility is increased. Kven by the mere think- 
ing of a subject, she can realize the sensation as though it was 
real. 

It is indicated in cases of ophthalmia and asthenopia, when 
the eyes feel stiff and burn, or feel cold. They are better 
from the cold air, or from cold water, and are worse from sun- 
light. 

It is of service in gastric derangements, such as mucous 
colitis, when the patient craves alcoholic stimulants. There is 
loss of appetite with eructations and vomiting, while the stools 
consist of undigested food and strings of mucus. 

All the ailments are aggravated by cold, dry weather, and 
are ameliorated from damp, wet weather. 

Compare. — China, Pulsatilla. 



144 Blackwood's materia medica. 



ASCLEPIAS CORNUTI. 

Description. — Natural Order, Asclepiadeae. Synonym, 
Asclepias Syriaca. Common Names, Milk-weed, Silk-weed. 
Habitat, United States. Preparations. — The mother tinc- 
ture is made from the fresh root, and dilution from the tincture. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 5 to 30 minims. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diuretic, purga- 
tive, emetic, and emmenagogue; and also stimulates the 
heart's action. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of cardiac and renal 
dropsy, when the amount of urine and perspiration is dimin- 
ished, and the solids of the urine are not being eliminated. 

There are severe headaches, with a sensation as though a 
sharp instrument were thrust from one temple to the other, 
which are the result of a suppression of the perspiration, or a 
defective elimination of solids. They are followed, and re- 
lieved, by profuse diuresis; the specific gravity of the urine 
being increased. 

Urcemia that is preceded by profuse, then scanty, or sup- 
pressed urination, and attended with severe headache. 

Post-scarlatinal dropsy, or dropsy that is the result of sup- 
pressed perspiration, and renal or cardiac disease. It relieves 
suppression of the menses, and intermittent bearing-down 
pains in those suffering from dropsy. 

Compare. — Arsenic, Ignatia. 



ASCLEPIAS INCARNATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Asclepiadeae. Common 
Names, Flesh-colored Asclepias, Swamp Milk-weed. Habitat, 
United States. Preparations. — The mother tincture is pre- 
pared from the fresh root, and the dilutions from the tincture. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 5 to 30 minims, 



ASIMINA TRILOBA. 145 

Physiological Action. — Large doses produce vomiting 
and purging; in small doses, it acts as a stomachic, and is a 
quick and powerful diuretic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is indicated in chronic gastric diseases of a mucous char- 
acter; and in catarrhal discharges and leucorrhceas. 

ASCLEPIAS TUBBROSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Asclepiadeae. Common 
Names, Pleurisy root, Butterfly weed. Habitat, United 
States. Preparations. — The mother tincture is prepared 
from the fresh root, and the dilutions from the tincture. 
Dosage. — The dose of the tincture is 5 to 30 minims. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the tissues, 
producing symptoms that simulate rheumatism. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of pleurisy when there 
are acute pleuritic pains attended with a dry, hacking cough, 
or a scanty mucous expectoration. The intercostal spaces, 
close to the sternum, are sensitive to pressure. Sub-acute 
rheumatic pericarditis is benefitted by it, with pain beneath 
the left nipple, palpitation of the heart and dyspnoea. 

Bilious diarrhoea in which the stools are preceded by rum- 
bling in the abdomen, and followed by urging; also cases of 
autumnal dysentery and diarrhoea, and subacute mucous en- 
teritis where there is soreness of the abdomen following the 
passage from the bowels. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Scilla. 



ASIMINA TRILOBA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Anonaceae. Common 
Names, Papaw, Pawpaw, (this must not be confounded with 
the true pawpaw, the Carica Papaya). Habitat, United States, 



146 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Preparations. — The mother tincture is prepared from the 
ripe seed and the dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — As 
an emetic 10 to 60 drops of the tincture is used. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in red, itching pimples, a pustular 
acne with itching in the evening while undressing. 

It also produces a series of symptoms similar to those seen 
in scarlet fever. 

ASPARAGUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,iliaceae. Common 
Name, Asparagus officinalis. Habitat, Europe, and is ex- 
tensively cultivated there as well as in the United States. 
Preparations. — The mother tincture is prepared from the 
fresh young sprouts, and the dilutions from the tincture. 
Dosage. — The mother, tincture may be given from 10 to 60 
minims. 

Physiological Action.— This agent acts as a diuretic, and 
imparts an unpleasant odor to the urine. It is also a laxative. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been of service in cases of cardiac weak- 
ness, with depression, when attended with dropsy. The urine 
contains urates, pus and mucus, and has a peculiar odor. Its 
passage is attended with fine, stitch- like pains in the urethra. 
It is also useful in cases of rheumatism when there are pains 
about the left shoulder and heart. 

Compare. — Sarsaparilla, Digitalis. 

ASPIDOSPBRMA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocynacese. Common 
Name, Quebracho. Habitat, Chili and the Argentine Repub- 
lic. The alkaloid Aspidospermine is one of several which are 
obtained from this plant. Preparations. — The mother tinc- 
ture is prepared from the bark and dilutions from this. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, £j-iv. 



ASTERIAS RUBENS. 147 

Physiological Action.— This agent is a stimulant to the 
salivary glands, and an astringent to the intestinal tract. It 
produces paralysis of the limbs, and of the respiration. Aspi- 
dospermine stimulates the respiratory centers, increases the 
respiratory movements, and gives tone to the heart. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is indicated in cases of dyspnoea of functional 
origin; also when it is dependent upon emphysema. The face is 
pale, anxious and livid, the lips are cyanotic, the pulse is small, 
irregular, compressible and soft. In cardiac asthma and dysp- 
noea of the aged it is of service, as well as in cases of bron- 
chitis, and simple asthma when there is depression of the heart 
action. It will not relieve asthma with good heart action, but 
when it is associated with emphysema. 

ASTACTJS FLTJVIATTLIS. 

Description. — Common Names, Craw-fish, River crab. 
The common crab, inhabiting the borders of streams, etc., in 
Europe. It is a decapodous crustacean. Preparations.— 
The mother tincture is prepared from the entire live crab. 
Dilutions are prepared from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, i-io drops. # 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in urticaria ; the rash is all over 
the body, and may complicate erysipelas or liver diseases. It 
should be remembered in crusta lactea with enlargement of the 
cervical and lymphatic glands. 

Compare. — Apis melliftca, Rhus toxicodendron, Urtica 
urens. 

ASTERIAS RUBENS. 

Description. Common Name, Star fish. This is a marine 
animal of the Class Bchinodermata, Order Asteroidea, and 
Family Asteriadae. Preparations. — The mother tincture is 
made from the live animal. Dilutions from the tincture. 
Dosage. — The tincture may be given in i to 5 drop doses. 



148 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This agent produces cerebral congestion, epilepsy, neu- 
ralgia, and chorea. The diseases that are cured by this rem- 
edy are functional in origin, with the exception of cancerous 
diseases, especially cancer of the breast, in which it has been 
curative even in the stage of ulceration. The patient is flabby 
and of the lymphatic type, with red face. They complain of 
great heat of the head. 

Compare. —Card o animalis, Arsenicum album, Condu- 
rango, Conium. 



ATROPINUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Atropia, Atropine. An alkaloid 
obtained from Belladonna. It occurs in brilliant, well-defined, 
needle-shaped crystals. Considered by some to be identical 
with Hyoscyamine. Preparations?*— Homceo., Triturations 
and dilutions. U. S. P. , Atropina. Dosage. — The dose of 
the substance is, gr. T -2-o— eV- 

Physiological Action.— This agent produces many of 
the symptoms of Belladonna, but it is the neurotic sphere of 
the drug that it more especially simulates. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of neuralgia, this may be 
supra-orbital; and in cephalalgia, when the pain is so intense 
that it simulates meningitis. Headaches that are of a nervous 
or neuralgic origin. It is to be thought of in gastralgia of a 
purely neuralgic type; also in irresistible and ineffectual urg- 
ing to urinate, with agonizing tenesmus. In ovarian neuralgia, 
when there are acute pains that come in paroxysms, it is to be 
studied with Zincum valerianicum. 

It is of service in ileus, and intestinal obstruction due to 
hernia, when ^ of a grain may be given every four hours. 

It should be employed in hernia before there is a tendency 
to gangrene. 



AURUM METALIvICUM. 149 

AURUM METALLICUM. 

Description.— A metallic element. It is of a golden-yel- 
low color when fused and very heavy. When precipitated and 
in a fine state it is a dark brown powder. When very fine the 
lower triturations are bluish or of a rosy color. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations and dilutions. Dosage. — Trituration, 3X 
to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces irritation 
and inflammation of the gastro-intestinal tract with nausea, 
vomiting, flatulent colic, diarrhoea, and increased urination. 

The glandular system shows congestion and induration, es- 
pecially the liver and testicles. The periosteum is inflamed, 
while the bones of the nose often become carious and exostosis 
forms. The sexual organs are excited, resulting in priapism 
in the male and profuse and frequent menstruation in the 
female. There are profuse sweats and sensitiveness of the 
whole body to cold air. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is great melancholia, 
the mind constantly dwelling upon suicide; in scrofulous sub- 
jects, and in those suffering from obesity. 

There is congestion of the -liver and testicles, and scrofu- 
lous, syphilitic, or mercurial affection in which there is pro- 
nounced despondency. There are pains in the bones of the 
head, with tenderness upon pressure, with exostosis upon the 
scalp, with nightly bone pains. 

There is caries of the nasal, palate and mastoid bones; they 
are tender to the touch. It is useful in eczema with an unbear- 
able odor, and an offensive discharge that irritates the upper 
lip; in the coryza and snuffles of babies, with pressing pains 
in the nose, and deep cracks in the ala of the nose. The 
mouth shows aphthous changes, and there is ulceration about 
the teeth. The breath is offensive, and there is salivation. 

The liver and spleen show congestion and induration in 
many of these cases. Induration of the testicles is frequently 
observed, when the sexual desire is diminished. 



150 Blackwood's materia medica. 

In diseases of the eye it is useful; in interstitial keratitis, 
when of a syphilitic origin. It is thought to have been of 
some service in detached retina, and the horizontal hemiopia 
that resulted. 

It should be remembered in religious melancholy and low 
spirited conditions, when attended with weeping, crying, and 
a disgust for life; in fatty, waxy degeneration of the organs, 
and in induration of the uterus and ovaries. 

Compare. — Asafoelida, Mercurius y Nitric acid> Silica. 



AURTJM MURIATICUM NATRONATUM. 

Description. — The Chloride of Gold and Sodium comes in 
elongated, yellow, four-sided prisms, or a crystalline yellow 
powder. Prepared by mixing the Chloride of Gold and 
Sodium Chloride in solution and evaporating. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Triturations and dilutions. U. S. P. y Auri 
et Sodii Chloridum. Dosage. — The substance may be given, 
o-r _; i 

to 1, 30 5* 

Physiological Action. — This remedy in large doses pro- 
duces violent gastro-enteritis without ulceration, excites sali- 
vation, produces mental exhilaration, renal hypersemia with 
albuminuria. In men, it causes violent erection; in women, 
it increases the menstrual flow and reduces the oxidizing 
power of the red blood corpuscles. If continued for a long 
period it occasions profuse sweats, increases the saliva and 
urine, and constipates the bowels. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where there is a pro- 
nounced melancholia and a desire for death, in those whose 
system has been undermined, especially by syphilis; in cases of 
hypochondriasis and mental and nervous disorders, melancholia 
with suicidal mania, that are dependent upon derangement of 
the testicles and liver. In chronic headache dependent upon 
syphilitic periostitis, or bone necrosis, it is frequently of the 
greatest service, especially if the mental condition demanding 
it is present. 



AVENA SATIVA. 151 

It relieves nervous and atonic dyspepsia when the tongue 
is red and glazed, and there is a sensation, referred to the 
stomach, of burning stitches, or as if indurated. The pain in 
the stomach is to the left of the median line, is burning, draw- 
ing, or pressing in character; is often worse after eating, and 
is attended with a diarrhoea which is also worse after eating. 
At times there is a loss of appetite with the epigastric pains 
and there is nausea, constipation, and an increased secretion of 
mucus that simulates membranous colitis. 

G astro -enteritis of a most violent type finds in this its rem- 
edy when there are severe cramps, with convulsions, trembling, 
insomnia and insensibility. It should be remembered during 
the early stages of hepatic cirrhosis when there is gastric 
catarrh and a chronic inadequacy of the hepatic function. In 
diseases of the female, it is indicated w T hen there is a sub-acute 
metritis, ovaritis, w r ith profuse menstruation, a tendency to 
habitual abortion, nymphomania, and even puerperal mania, 
with sexual excitement, gastro-intestinal irritation, with sui- 
cidal impulses. 

In the male, it is indicated when there is a. decline of the 
sexual powers, with diurnal seminal loss, or nightly emissions 
with feeble erection, or no dreams. There may be complete 
impotency. The erections are weak and inefficient, with hy- 
pochondria, melancholia, and suicidal intent. 

Its control of the formation of connective tissue has led to 
its use in interstitial nephritis; in cases of albuminuric retin- 
itis, as well as in the anterior-sclerosis, and vertigo in the 
aged when dependent upon this process. 

Compare. — Natrum iod., Hepar sulphuris, Mercurius, 
Mezereum. 

AVENA SATIVA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Graminaceae. Common 
Name, Oat. Habitat, unknown, but is cultivated in all 
northern temperate latitudes. Prearaptions. — The mother 
tincture is prepared from the entire fresh plant. Dilutions 
from the tincture. Dosage. — The mother tincture may be 
given from 5 to 30 minims. 



152 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant, seda- 
tive, and direct nutritive tonic. Its physiological effect is in- 
dicated by a pain at the base of the brain. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those doing mental work, school 
teachers and professional people, and those who are exhausted 
and anaemic as the result of worry, cares, and acute diseases. 
Those suffering from neurasthenia, cerebrasthenia, brain-fag , 
nervous debility, and weakness of the circulation. There is 
an occipital headache, the urine contains an excess of phos- 
phates. Insomnia is frequently relieved by it, when there 
is mental weakness and a history of masturbation, excessive 
sexual indulgence, onanism, and impotency. It quiets the 
hysterical manifestations of ovarian diseases, and relieves the 
menstrual epoch. It is of service in assisting to overcome the 
Morphine and tobacco habit. 

BACILL.INUM. 

Description. — The pus from a tuberculous lung in which 
the Bacillus Tuberculosis had been found microscopically. 
Tuberculinum is made from the cultured bacilli (human) in- 
stead of from the pus. Preparations. — Triturations and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — It is used from the 30th potency up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in tubercular conditions, also in 
bronchorrhcea, and chronic catarrhal conditions with enfeebled 
pulmonary circulation. These are accompanied with dyspnoea, 
pulmonary oppression, and a disposition to catch cold. The 
circulation is enfeebled, and there are suffocative attacks of 
cough at night. 

It is of service in ringworms of the scalp. 

Compare. — Tuberculinum. 

BADIAGA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Spongise. Synonyms, 
Spongia palustris, Fresh-water sponge. Habitat, Europe. 



-BAI,SAMUM PKRUVIANUM. 153 

Preparations. — The mother tincture is prepared from the 
dried sponge. Dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Dilu- 
tions from the 3X up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of indurated buboes; in 
forcible palpitation of the heart from unpleasant news; in 
headache when the pain is in the forehead and extends to the 
eyeballs. 

It should be remembered in whooping-cough, when the ex- 
pectoration is thick and flies out of the mouth and nostrils. 

It should be studied in myalgia, when the muscles are sore 
and painful, as if beaten. 

Compare. — Phytolacca, Conium, Spongia. 

BALSAMUM PERUVIANUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosse. Synonym, 
Balsam of Peru. Habitat, San Salvador, and Central America. 
It is a reddish-brown liquid which exudes from the trunk of the 
tree, Myrospermum perniferum, after the bark has been re- 
moved. Preparations.— Homoeo., The mother tincture is a 
one to nine solution (y^). Dilutions. U. S. P., Balsamum 
Peruvianum. Dosage. — Of the substance, TH_x-xxv. 

Physiological Action. — This is not specifically ascer- 
tained; yet its sphere of action is upon the mucous membrane 
of the respiratory tract, acting as an expectorant; it possesses 
stimulating properties and lessens the secretions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a cough with a 
copious expectoration of muco-purulent material which is yel- 
low, green, and foetid. In chronic bronchial catarrh in aged, 
scrofulous subjects; also for the cough following pneumonia 
when the sputum is loose, thick, yellow and foetid. 

It is useful in hectic fevers, dependent upon a suppurative 
condition of the mucous membrane; also in chronic gastric 
catarrh with obstinate vomiting of food mixed with mucus; 
chronic catarrh of the bowels and bladder, and even obstinate 
leucorrhcea. 



154 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

BAPTISIA TINOTORIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyeguminosse. Common 
Name, #Vild indigo. Habitat, United States. The resinoid 
Baptism is obtained from it. Preparations. — Mother tinc- 
ture of the fresh root, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tinc- 
ture, TTLv-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces prostration. 
There are changes in the blood, both of a quantitative and 
qualitative character. The excretions are offensive. The 
pulse is soft, quickened and compressible. There is delirium, 
with a tendency to paresis and debility. There is a catarrhal 
inflammation of the buccal cavity, and lower portion of the 
intestinal canal. The breath is foetid. The movements of the 
bowels are watery, putrid and sanious. All the secretions of 
the body are offensive and putrid. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is great prostration, 
with a tendency to a decomposition of the fluids of the body, 
and ulceration of the mucous membranes, and in septic dis- 
eases with a sore, bruised feeling of all the muscles of the 
body, with profound debility. 

In headache when it is dull and stupefying, with a confu- 
sion of ideas. In typhoid fever, when there is stupor and 
delirium. The face has a dark red, besotted expression; the 
eyes are injected, the tongue is coated brown, and dry, espe- 
cially in the center. The breath is offensive, there are sordes 
on the teeth, and there is diarrhoea with great foetor of the 
stools and urine. The patient is delirious, the body seems 
scattered about in different parts of the bed or room, and he 
must toss around to get the pieces together. 

It should be remembered in diphtheria when the fauces 
are greatly inflamed, and of a dark red color. The membrane 
is of a dark color, like washed leather. The tonsils and lym- 
phatic glands are enlarged, the breath is very offensive. The 
head, back, and limbs ache, as if pounded; there is restless- 
ness and a low adynamic fever, and nothing but liquids can be 
swallowed. 



BAROSMA CRENATA. 1 55 

It is of service in the dysentery of old people, aud the diar- 
rhoea of children, when the stools are scanty, containing blood 
and mucus, with severe tenesmus, and a low type of fever. 

It should be remembered during the last stages of chronic 
pulmonary tuberculosis, and during acute pulmonary tubercu- 
losis when there is a dry cough, or there is a loose, purulent, 
or muco-purulent expectoration. The temperature is high, 
there is a chill at 10 a. m. and at 3 p. M. , with anorexia and 
eructation. 

The patient is worse in a warm, close room, and is better in 
the open, fresh air. 

Compare. — Arnica, Arsenicum album, Echinacea an- 
gustifolia, Gelsemium, Bryonia. 

BAROSMA CRENATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rutaceae. Common 
Name, Buchu. Habitat, South Africa. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture from the dry leaves; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Buchu, Fluidextractum Buchu. Dosage. — Of the 
powder, gr. x-xx; fluidextract Buchu, TTtx-^j. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the kid- 
neys as a stimulant, increasing the water and solid constitu- 
ents of the urine; and upon the mucous membrane of the uri- 
nary tract, where there is a chronic inflammation and irrita- 
tion with an excess of mucus and muco-purulent discharge. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic inflammation of the 
pelvis, of the kidneys, and membrane of the bladder, with a 
copious discharge of mucus and muco-purulent material. 
There is hyperacidity of the urine, with constant desire to 
urinate; this is not fully relieved by urinating. 

It is useful in prostatic disorders, irritable bladder with 
vesical catarrh, or gravel, and spasmodic stricture of the 
urethra, that are accompanied with an excessive amount of 
mucus in the urine. Also in undue secretion from the mucous 
follicles of the urethra, the vesiculae seminales, or prostate, 
produced by excessive venery or self pollution. 

Compare . — Chimaph ila. 



156 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



BARYTA ACETIOA. 

Description. — Common Name, Acetate of Barium. A 
colorless crystalline salt, obtained by dissolving Carbonate of 
Barium in dilute Acetic acid. Preparations. — Triturations 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. -^-\. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces paralysis, 
beginning in the extremities and spreading to the abdomen, 
then the chest and neck, and lastly to the sphincters. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is of service in cases of neuralgia, and is also of use in 
paralysis commencing in the extremities and extending to- 
ward the body. 



BARYTA OARBONICA. 

Description. — Common Name, Carbonate of Barium. It 
is a white amorphous powder. Preparations. — Triturations 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. j^-f. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces irritation 
and hypertrophy of the lymphatic glandular system; also a 
premature senility with a loss of both mental and physical 
energy. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated for those at the extremes of life. 
Children who are stunted and dwarfed; they suffer from 
quinsy, take cold easily. Dwarfish, hysterical women, and old 
men who suffer from hypertrophied prostates and indurated 
testicles. 

It is of service in quinsy when the parenchyma of the 
tonsils is the part involved. The patient takes cold easily, 
and as a result the tonsil becomes inflamed, and shows a 
^^dency to suppurate. There is inability to swallow any thing 



swallowea. 






BARYTA MURIATICA. 157 

It is useful in enlargement, with a tendency to suppura- 
tion, of the cervical and inguinal glands; also in bromidrosis, 
when the toes and soles of the feet are sore. 

It often affords relief in the apoplectic tendency of the 
aged, and in the headaches of aged people who are childish. 

In marasmus it affords relief when the child is greatly 
emaciated, the abdomen is prominent, the appetite is good, 
but the child becomes thinner and does not develop mentally. 

Compare. — Silicea, Abrotanum, Iodine, Calcarea. 



BARYTA IODATA. 

Description. — Common Name, Iodide of Barium. A 
white crystalline salt. Preparations. — Triturations and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. 1,,-h. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in glandular indurations and en- 
largement of the tonsils and prostate; also in chronic swell- 
ings and indurations of the testicle. It should be remembered 
in goitre of a fibroid consistency, and should be studied in 
scrofulous ophthalmia with swelling of the meibomian glands. 

Compare. — Calcarea iodide, Iodi?ie, Bromine. 



BARYTA MURIATIOA. 

Description. — Common Xame, Chloride of Barium. It is 
a white crystalline salt. Preparations. — Triturations and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. T V _ ¥- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in enlargement of the mesenteric 
glands. But it has been of more service in the relief of 
aneurism, and of sclerotic degeneration of the cardiac orifices, 
and of the brain, spinal cord and liver. 



158 Blackwood's materia medica. 



BELLADONNA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanaceae. Synonyms, 
Atropa Belladonna, Deadly nightshade. It contains two al- 
kaloids, Atropine and Belladonine (by many considered 
identical with Hyosycamine). Preparations. — Homoeo., 
Mother tincture from the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. 
U. S. P. , Belladonnae Folia, Belladonnse Radix, and the Fluid 
extract of both of these. Dosage. — Homczo., Tincture, V& 
j-iij. U. S. P., The powdered leaves, gr. j-ij. Fluidextract 
from leaves, gr. T V-i- Tincture from leaves, TTL j-vii. Fluid 
extract of root, TTL j-v. 

Physiological Action. — This agent, when applied 
locally, diminishes the sensibility of the sensory nerves, and 
when absorbed it produces systemic effects. Taken internally, 
it lessens the secretions, and as a result there is dryness of the 
mucous surfaces. This is brought about by paralysis of the 
peripheral nerve endings. At first the pulse is retarded, but 
it is quickly accelerated and rendered firmer, while the 
arterial tension is increased. The heart muscle is stimulated, 
but if it is over-stimulated it then becomes weak. 

Full doses stimulate the brain and may produce hallucina- 
tions and a delirium, which may be mild, joyful, talkative, or 
of a violent type; accompanying these there are frequently 
spectral illusions. The reflexes at first are slightly stimulated, 
while later they are diminished. There may be complete 
motor paralysis. The sensory nerves are depressed, especially 
from a local application of the drug. 

The respirations are quickened and rendered deeper by 
medicinal doses; while poisonous doses, by over-stimulating, 
soon result in exhaustion and paralysis of the respiratory cen- 
tres, and the breathing becomes shallow and asphyxia and 
death may result. The bodily heat is increased. It dilates 
the pupil and increases intra-ocular tension, occasions vertigo 
and turgescence of the face. Assimilation is impaired. It is 
rapidly absorbed and is eliminated by the kidneys and 
bowels. 



BELLADONNA. 159 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy is indicated in those who are of a bilious, 
lymphatic and plethoric constitution; women and children 
with a delicate skin. They are jovial and entertaining, when 
well; but are delirious, violent, and threatened with convul- 
sions, when sick. The}^ are sensitive to drafts of air, and take 
cold easily from sitting in drafts or having the hair cut. The 
pains come suddenly, remain for a time, and leave as suddenly. 
The pain is usually of short duration. The face is red, the 
conjunctiva is congested, the eyes staring, and the pupils 
dilated. There is throbbing of the carotids, the pulse is full 
and bounding, and the mucous membranes dry. 

It should be studied when there are sensory and motor dis- 
turbances. When there is anaesthesia, or great irritability of 
all the senses amounting to hyperesthesia. 1 here are motor 
disturbances, as twitching, jerking, and jactitations. These 
have led to its employment in puerperal and infantile convul- 
sions, epilepsy, hydrophobia, laryngismus, and whooping- 
cough. 

During the early stages, it may be indicated in cases of 
locomotor ataxia; the conjunctiva is congested, the pupils 
are dilated, there is ptosis, diplopia, incontinence of the urine, 
and tactile anaesthesia. It has also been of service in the gen- 
eral paralysis of the insane; and in progressive muscular 
atrophy during its early stages. 

In mental and moral derangements, it occupies a prominent 
place. Hallucinations, melancholia and rage find in it a rem- 
edy when attended with spectral illusions of a bright nature. 
It is most frequently indicated in the congestive delirium that 
attends acute fevers, as the eruptive diseases, or when it arkes 
as a result of metastasis to the brain. The cases of vertigo it 
relieves are those of a congestive type. The patient is better 
from movement, and while in the open air; the pulse rate is 
increased. 

In congested, neuralgic, and nervous headaches, it is the 
remedy when the face is flushed, the head is hot, the eyelids 
droop and feel heavy. There are flashes of light before the 



160 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

eyes, or there may be a sensation of blindness. The headache 
is made worse from light, noise, movements, and from lying 
down. 

In the treatment of arterial congestions of the brain it oc- 
cupies a prominent place. This may be hyperaemia, the result 
of sun-stroke, when it is only excelled by Glonoin, the conges- 
tion that follows reaction from concussion or the result of men- 
tal excitement, or intemperance. It will be found curative in 
neuralgia, when it is of recent origin and in young subjects, 
and is associated with hyperaemia and hyperesthesia. The 
trigeminus is the nerve most frequently involved. The pains 
are apt to be most severe at 5 p. m. ; they come and go quickly, 
and are made worse from motion. 

In the treatment of febrile conditions, it occupies a place 
between Aconite and Arsenic. The fever is continuous. The 
face is congested. The eyes are glistening, and the general 
symptoms of the remedy are present. It will be demanded in 
puerperal fever, and during the early stages of variola, and in 
scarlatina when the skin is uniformly smooth, shining, and of 
a scarlet redness. It is dry, hot, andjburning, and imparts a 
burning sensation to the hand. It is claimed to have a modi- 
fying influence of the Sydenham type of scarlatina when em- 
ployed as a prophylactic. 

For acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis, it is of service when 
there is dryness, constriction, soreness, painful deglutition, 
swelling, and burning of the parts. 

This dry, red, hot condition of the skin has led to its suc- 
cessful use in erysipelas, for which it is often indicated for the 
smooth form. 

It has a prominent place in inflammation of the eye and its 
appendages, when there is a sense of burning and dryness. 
There is dilatation of the pupil, although this is not a neces- 
sary indication for the use of the remedy. 

It should be studied in renal congestion where there is a 
temporary suppression of the urine, which may contain albu- 
men. There is irritation of the bladder with strangury. It is 
of great importance in uterine congestion and inflammation, 
when there is violent burning, with stinging pains and a sen- 



BELUS PKRBNNIS. l6l 

sation of fulness, as though everything was pressing towards 
the vulva. 

It is of great service in cases of exophthalmic goitre when 
the leading characteristics of the remedy are present. In dis- 
eases of the alimentary canal, it is of service; in peritonitis 
the transverse colon protrudes like a pad, while the whole ab- 
domen is tender, distended, and aggravated from the least jar. 
In a dry, irritating laryngeal cough, it is of service. This is 
worse during the evening and early night. It will relieve the 
extreme soreness in the side, observed after Bryonia has done 
its work in pleuro-pneumonia, and the patient can no longer 
lie on the diseased side because it is so painful. 

In mastitis, it is of service when Bryonia is no longer indi- 
cated. The gland is "heavy, hard, and red, the face is flushed, 
the eyeballs injected. The pulse full and bounding; there is a 
throbbing headache and the eyes are sensitive to light. 

Compare. — Aconite, Bryonia, Hyoscyamus, Stramonium. 

BELLIS PERENNIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, English Daisy. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, TTLij-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases that are suffering from 
traumatism, or its effects, as bruises with extravasation of 
blood, and hsematocele that are not being absorbed; also in 
laceration of the cervix, and the effects of traumatism upon 
the uterus. The parts are enlarged, soft, and bleeding. There 
is a sore, bruised feeling in the pelvicregion, and the abdom- 
inal muscles. There is a headache, the pain extending from 
the occiput to the top of the head. The breasts are engorged, 
and there are varicose veins of the legs during pregnancy. It 
is also of service for the ill effects from overheating. 

Compare. — Arnica montana, Trillium, , Fraxinus 
Americanus, 



162 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



BERBBRIS AQUIFOLIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Berberidacese. Common 
Names, Mahomia aquifolium, Oregon grape. Habitat, Western 
United States. It contains the alkaloid Berberine. Prepa- 
rations.— Mother tincture of the fresh bark of the root; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, TTL v-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the glandu- 
lar system as a stimulant, assisting digestion and absorption; 
upon the skin, relieving eczematous, herpatic and syphilitic 
exhibitions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic skin affections of a 
scaly and pustular character, that are dependent upon a con- 
stitutional dyscrasia, as syphilis with pains in the muscles and 
bones, and a cutaneous exhibition of this disease. 

It is useful in persistent acne, pimples, and roughness of 
the skin of the face, that are not dependent upon uterine or 
ovarian irritation. In eczema capitis, and genitals with pru- 
ritus, and in scaly eczema, and in chronic cases of " scald 
head," it has acted very kindly. \ 

In very rough, scaly skins, it has given favorable results. 

Compare. — Kali iodide, Hepar sulphuris. 



BERBBRIS VULGARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Berberidaceae. Common 
Name, Barberry. Habitat, Burope, but naturalized in New 
Kngland. It contains the alkaloid Berberine. Prepara- 
tions.— Mother tincture from the fresh bark of root; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, Tit j-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the kid- 
neys and bladder, producing soreness and burning in the renal 
region; upon the liver, producing jaundice; and upon the 
mucous membranes, resulting in an aphthous condition and 
depraved condition. 



BISMUTHUM SUBNITRICUM. 163 

THERAPEUTICS. 

When this remedy is indicated there is distress in the 
region of the kidneys, which may be described as a numbness, 
soreness, burning or lameness; at times this region is sensitive 
to the touch, and is aggravated by sitting or lying. There are 
sharp, sticking pains, radiating from the kidneys to the small 
of the back and down the ureters. A bubbling sensation in 
the renal region has frequently been relieved by it. The facial 
expression is sickly; there is great prostration with a pale, 
sunken face, and dark rings about the eyes. 

There are cutting pains in the region of the bladder, which 
extend to the urethra, with burning following urination. The 
urine is yellow and turbid, the sediment may be whitish, 
which upon standing becomes red and mealy. 

It is useful in liver troubles when there are sticking pains 
in the region of the gall bladder; these at times may simulate 
gall-stone colic, and are often followed by jaundice and clay- 
colored stools. 

It has been of service in cases of leucorrhcea and menstrual 
difficulties, when the urinary symptoms are present. 

Compare. — Cantkaris, Lycopodium, Sarsaparilla. 



> BISMUTHUM SUBNITRICUM. 

Description. — A heavy white crystalline powder, pre- 
pared by dissolving metallic Bismuth in Nitric acid and adding 
water to the solution. Preparations. — Homceo., Tritura- 
tions and dilutions. U. S. P., Bismuthi subnitras. Dosage. — 
Of the substance, gr. v-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is slightly astringent, 
and is slowly absorbed. It coats the mucous surface, checks 
the secretions, and acts as a sedative. The tongue and stools 
are rendered of a dark, clay color; it increases the appetite, 
assists the digestion, and constipates the bowels. When it is 
administered in large doses it produces nausea, pain in the 
stomach, and vomiting, derangement of the bowels, and gas- 
tro-enteritis, giddiness, headache, insensibility, and concre- 



164 Blackwood's materia medica. 

tions in the intestines. If it is continued for a prolonged 
period, symptoms simulating scorbutus are developed. Des- 
quamative nephritis and albuminuria have appeared during its 
prolonged use. It is eliminated by the liver, kidneys and 
bowels. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases where there is 
catarrhal inflammation and irritation of the alimentary canal; 
also in gastralgia where there is pain in the epigastrium, 
which may be lancinating, burning, or griping in character, 
causing the patient to bend backward. It is attended with 
spasmodic vomiting, in which the food is ejected from the 
stomach with great force as soon as it is partaken of; there is a 
dull pain in the back. 

At times the gastralgia alternates with a headache which is 
neuralgic in character, and involves the face and teeth, and is 
as if the parts were being torn. It is the remedy in gastritis, 
when there is an excessive irritability of the stomach; the 
patient may feel better from cold drinks, but they are vom- 
ited when the stomach becomes full, or are vomited as soon as 
they reach the stomach. There may be a sensation of a load 
in the stomach, the digestion is slow, the food remaining in 
the stomach for a period, after which it is vomited. The* 
tongue in these cases is coated white, and a sweetish or metal- 
lic taste is complained of. The bowels are frequently involved 
in the process, and a painless diarrhoea is present, which is 
accompanied with great thirst, vomiting, and frequent mictur- 
ition. There are cramping pains in the extremities. The 
sleep is disturbed by vivid dreams. 

Compare. — Hydrastis, Phosphorus, Antimonium crudum. 



BLATTA AMERICANA. 

Description. — Order, Orthoptera. Family, Blattina. 
Common Name, American Cockroach. Preparations. — 
The live animal is triturated. Dosage. — Trituration ix to 6x. 



BORAX. 165 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in the dropsy that accom- 
panies nephritis. The complexion is yellow, there is extreme 
weariness, and pain in the urethra while passing urine. 

BLATTA ORIBNTALIS. 

Description. — Order, Orthoptera. Family, Blattina. 
Common Name, Indian Cockroach. An insect common in 
India and also found in Europe. Preparations. — The live 
insect is triturated. Dosage. — Triturations ix to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in asthma, and in severe attacks 
of coughing with dyspnoea, in those suffering from bronchitis 
and phthisis. It appears to be most serviceable in corpulent 
individuals. 

BOLETUS LARICIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fungi. Synonyms, Poly- 
porus officinalis, White Agaric, Larch Agaric. Habitat, 
Europe and Asia. Its active principle is Agaric acid or Agari- 
cin. Preparations. — The mother tincture is prepared from 
the dried fungus, and dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. 
— The tincture may be given from 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in long-standing, obstinate inter- 
mittents, and other diseases common to a malarial district, as 
periodical neuralgia, nervous headaches, ague-cake, and 
chronic diarrhoea. 

BORAX. 

Description. — Borax or Sodium Borate comes as a white 
powder or in colorless, transparent, monoclinic prisms, and is 



166 buckwood's materia medica. 

found, native, principally in California. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Triturations and dilutions. U, S. P., Sodii Boras. 
Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. v-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces an aphthous 
condition of the mucous surfaces, which bleed easily. It has 
a stimulating influence upon the female generative organs. 

THERAPEUTICS. • 

This remedy is indicated when there is an aphthous condi- 
tion, with diarrhoea, and a dread of downward motion. 

This fear of motion is observed while descending in an 
elevator, while in a rocking chair; and when the nurse attempts 
to lay the child down it awakens at once. 

The aphtha appears suddenly, and covers the tongue, mouth 
and inside of the cheeks with white, fungous growths. There 
is great heat and dryness of the parts. The child cries when 
nursing and lets go of the nipple. Accompanying this condi- 
tion of the mouth there is diarrhoea, the stools are of a light 
yellow color, are watery, contain a large quantity of mucus, 
and are extremely excoriating, the child is faint and debili- 
tated. 

In cases of sterility it is indicated when there are aphthous 
abrasions of the os uteri and vagina, with an acrid leucorrhoea 
and membranous dysmenorrhoea. In pruritus pudendi, and 
eczema of the vulva, it should be used both locally and in- 
ternally. 

Dissolving small pieces of borax in the mouth relieves the 
throat of hoarseness. 

Compare. — Chamomilla, Hepar sulp hurts, Mercurius. 

BOTHROPS LANCEOLATTJS. 

Description. — The I^ance -snake is of the family Crotolidae; 
found in the island of Martinique. Preparations. — The poi- 
son from this snake is triturated, and dilutions are made from 
the 6x trituration. Dosage. — The 6x trituration and dilutions 
given as usual, 



BOVISTA. 167 



THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in aphasia; there is inability to 
articulate, with nervous trembling. There is day blindness. 



BOVISTA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fungi. Synonyms, Bovista 
nigrescens, Puff-ball. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
The entire fungus is used to prepare the mother tincture; 
dilutions from this. Dosage. — Of the tincture, l / 2 to 2 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent has an action upon 
the circulation, predisposing to relaxation and haemorrhages; 
and upon the skin, producing an eruption similar to eczema. 
It also produces symptoms of asphyxia. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in Menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, 
and leucorrhcea. Diarrhoea frequently precedes or accom- 
panies the menstrual flow, which is too early and too profuse, 
and occurs chiefly at night, or early in the morning. Between 
the periods there is an occasional flow of blood. 

There is a leucorrhoea which is like the white of an egg. It 
occurs a few days before or after the period. It controls epis- 
taxis with the same characteristics as those already given. 

It is indicated in eczema of the back of the hand, in urti- 
caria that is attended with diarrhoea, the stools being followed 
by tenesmus and burning. 

It has been employed with success in cases of asphyxia due 
to charcoal fumes. It assists those who are awkward, and who 
stutter and stammer. 

In connection with the above, there is frequently a sensa- 
tion as though the head was very much enlarged. 

Compare. — Calcarea carbonica, Rhus toxicodendron, 
Sepia. 



i68 Blackwood's materia medica. 



BRACHYGLOTTIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Common 
Names, *Bmchy glottis repens, Puka-Puka. Habitat, New Zea- 
land. Preparations. — Mother tincture of green leaves and 
flowers; dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, 2 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in Brighfs disease when it re- 
sults from overwork. The urine contains epithelium, albumen, 
and casts. There is pain in the bladder following its evacua- 
tion; also in the urethra, with stinging in the penis, and press- 
ure in the neck of the bladder as though the urine could not 
be retained. 

It is also of service in dysmenorrhcea with chronic peri- 
tonitis and a sensation of fluttering in the abdomen and right 
ovary. 

BROMIUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Bromum, Bromine. It is a 
heavy, dark brownish-red, very volatile liquid. Obtained 
principally from the bittern of salt works. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Solution T ^ and dilutions. U. S. P., Bromum. 
Dosage. — Used only from 6x up. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces irritation 
and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory 
tract, especially of the* larynx, where is a tendency to a forma- 
tion of a false membrane. 

It also produces symptoms of gastritis, with depression, and 
collapse. The glands show enlargement and induration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in inflammatory diseases of the 
respiratory tract, when there is pronounced irritation with a 
tendency to spasms and constriction; also in glandular enlarge- 
ment. 



BRYONIA AIvBA. 169 

The patient is of the blonde type, has light blue eyes, flaxen 
hair, delicate skin, and is scrofulous. 

It is to be studied in fluent coryza when there is long con- 
tinued sneezing with irritation of the tissue under the nose 
and on the margins of the nostrils. The mucous membrane of 
the larynx is inflamed, and there is a sensation of coldness in 
the larynx when inspiring. Inspiration is difficult and pain- 
ful, and cough is provoked by inspiring cold air, and is at- 
tended with paroxysms of suffocation on swallowing. 

In membranous croup and diphtheria of the air passages it 
is serviceable when there is rattling of mucus in the trachea 
while coughing ; also in fibrinous bronchitis when there is 
great dyspnoea, and the patient cannot inspire deeply enough; 
there is a feeling as if the passages were full of smoke, or 
vapors of sulphur. There are rasping, dry sounds. In these 
cases the inhalation of the second or third decimal on cotton 
wool is often of more service than the internal administration. 
It is to be studied in cases of enlarged glands that are stony 
hard, especially those about the jaw and throat; also in hard 
goitre. 

Compare. — Iodine, Spongia, Conium. 

BRYONIA ALBA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cucurbitaceae. Common 
Name, White Bryony. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
The mother tincture is prepared from the juice of the root. 
Dilutions from tincture. Dosage. — Powdered root, gr. x-xxx. 
Of the tincture, TTL v-gss. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin for a time occasions blisters; when taken internally, in 
poisonous doses, it causes gastro-intestinal inflammation with 
profuse vomiting and an uncontrollable diarrhoea. The pupils 
are dilated, the temperature is reduced, there is colic, collapse 
and death. In some cases all the serous membranes are in- 
flamed and covered with an exudate. The lower portion of the 
lungs shows hepatization without bronchitis. The mucous 
membrane of the large bronchial tubes is irritated, and a cough 
12 



170 Blackwood's materia medica. 

with pain and distress results. The muscles are intensely irri- 
tated and congested. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those of a rheumatic diathesis, 
who are of a bilious tendency, irritable, and inclined to anger. 
They are usually dark complexioned, with firm fibre. They 
are thirsty and desire large quantities of water at long inter- 
vals. The pains are tearing, stitching in character, are worse 
at night, and from motion, and are relieved while at rest. 
Should delirium appear, it is a constant rehearsal of business 
affairs, with a desire to get out of bed and go home. 

The headache that it relieves may be gastric, rheumatic, or 
congestive in character, or may appear from ironing, or as a 
result of constipation. The pain is in the forehead. It is worse 
from stooping, or coughing, commencing during the early 
morning and continuing through the day. It may be accom- 
panied by a rush of blood to the head. 

It is indicated in fevers when the thirst, aggravation 
from movement, and stitching pains; which characterize the 
remedy, are present; also in rheumatic fever when the joints 
are red and swollen, with stitching pains upon the slightest 
motion. They may be most pronounced in the serous, synovial 
membranes, or muscular fibres. The perspiration is sour, the 
patient is weak and exhausted, while sitting up causes a feel- 
ing of faintness and nausea. 

In typhoid, gastric, bilious, and typhus fever, it is fre- 
quently of service when the mucous membranes are dry, the 
lips and tongue are parched and cracked, stools are dry, as if 
burnt, or diarrhoea may be present, the urine being dark and 
scanty, with great thirst for large quantities of water at long 
intervals. The patient is drowsy, or sleeps during the day, but 
is delirious at night, and desires to remain perfectly quiet. In 
intermittent fevers the chills commence at the lips, the tips of 
the fingers and toes, there is thirst during all stages. The 
perspiration in all fevers is sour or oily. 

It is the remedy for congestion of the serous membranes. 
This may be observed in congestion of the brain, the result of 



BRYONIA ALBA. 171 

exposure to severe cold, from constipation, or suppression of a 
natural discharge. There is a headache that is severe, burst- 
ing, splitting in character, and is worse in the forehead. In 
pleurisy it is of service in the plastic form; but is of no use 
when serous effusion has taken place. There are acute stitch- 
ing pains that are greatly aggravated by breathing or the 
slightest motion. The respirations are short and rapid. It is 
of service in the dry pleurisies that accompany phthisis and 
pneumonia. 

In an acute catarrhal state of the respiratory tract it is of 
service following Aconite, when there is heat and soreness with 
pain behind the sternum, and a racking cough with but little 
expectoration. The cough may be accompanied by retching; 
the cough appears to be dependent upon a constant tickling at 
the lower extremity of the trachea under the sternum. It is 
worse during the day than at night, affecting the whole body 
and causing pain in the abdomen,' head and chest. It is of 
service in chronic coughs where the expectoration is slight, 
the cough is aggravated from the least exertion of the lung. It 
is worse during the morning, and again during the evening. 

In croupous pneumonia, it is frequently of the greatest im- 
portance during the second stage, when fibrinous exudation 
and consolidation have taken place. It is indicated especially 
for the pleuritic inflammation, by the sharp, stitching pains. 
The patient is quiet, there is anxiety from the dsypncea, there 
are severe cutting pains. The cough is painful and is attended 
with a scant}^ bloody sputum. The tongue is coated a thick 
white; the mouth and lips are dry; there is great thirst; the 
stomach is sluggish, and the liver inactive. The bowels are con- 
stipated; the urine is scanty and red, and the pulse of a high 
tension. * 

In diseases of the digestive organs it is of importance; in 
gastralgia, when there is a sensation of weight in the stomach, 
as from a stone. This may appear when the stomach is empty, 
or when it is full. It is frequently the result of having par- 
taken of indigestible foods, beer, brandy, or strong coffee. 
There may be much flatulence, and vomiting of sour, acrid 
mucus. The epigastrium is extremely sensitive to pressure, 
and constipation is present. 



172 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

In congestion of the liver it finds a place when there is a 
slight yellowness of the skin, distress about the right shoulder, 
and more or less giddiness. 

It relieves constipation when the bowels are inactive, or 
there is no inclination to move, the stools being large, hard, 
dark and dry, as if burnt. It is of service in diarrhoea that 
appears during a spell of hot weather, from undigested foods, 
cold drinks, fruits, sauer-kraut, or from being overheated. The 
passage is bilious and acrid, produces soreness of the anus, and 
is worse during the morning, and from moving about. 

In acute congestion of the mammary glands it is indicated 
if the gland becomes swollen, tender, hot and knotty. The 
condition is observed also from a sudden weaning. 

It should be carefully studied in iritis and choroiditis of the 
serous form, and in ciliary neuralgia when attended with 
shooting pains, worse from motion, touch, and from attempting 
to sit up, which renders him faint; also from warm foods, 
warmth, and suppressed discharges. 

He is better from lying on the painful side, from rest, cold 
foods, and drinks. - 

Compare. — Belladonna, Rhus toxicodendron, Kali car- 
bonicum, Phosphoricum. 

BUFO RANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Bufonidse of the Batrachian 
family of vertebrate animals. Common Name, Toad. Prep- 
arations. — Trituration of the poison from the cutaneous 
glands. Dilutions from 6x trituration. Dosage. — Tritura- 
tions, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilution. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a condi- 
tion simulating epilepsy. The moral nature is depraved, and 
as a result the subject craves intoxicating drinks, and seeks 
solitude that he may practice onanism. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in depraved conditions of the 
nervous system, in the feeble minded, and in epilepsy that is 
dependent upon a derangement of the sexual organs. 



CACTUS GRANDIFLORUS. 173 

The patient may show a mental derangement, and have a 
propensity to bite and howl. They are impatient, are imbe- 
ciles and feeble minded. 

The epilepsy often appears during coitus, or as the result of 
onanism, or fright. 

Compare. — Asterias, Baryta carbonica, CEnanthe crocata. 



CACTUS GRANDIFLORUS. 

Descritpion. — atural Order, Cactaceae. Synonyms, 
Cereus grandiflorus, Night-blooming Cereus. Habitat, Mex- 
ico. Preparations. — The mother tincture is made from the 
fresh young stems and flowers. Dilutions from the tincture. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, from a fraction of a drop to 5 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces general 
rigors which are followed by heat and sweats, recurring daily 
at the same hour, being attended with acute congestion of the 
head and face. There are constrictive pains about the heart, 
with palpitation, oppressed breathing, and constrictions about 
the chest, painful pressure on the vertex. Acid rising from 
the stomach, severe twisting colic, with heat in the abdomen 
and bilious diarrhoea with pain before stools. Also inflamma- 
tory strangury followed by a copious passage of urine loaded 
with urates, painful menstruation, great prostration and pro- 
found melancholia. 

It relieves congestions and removes irritation similar to 
Aconite but does not weaken the nervous system as Aconite 
does. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases w T here there are conges- 
tions, contractions and constrictions. The patient is often of 
a plethoric temperament, subject to local congestions that may 
terminate in haemorrhage or apoplexy. 

Its great field of usefulness has been in heart disease. The 
heart feels as if clasped by an iron band or as if bound, and 
that it had no room to beat. At times there is functional 



174 Blackwood's materia medica. 

irregularity of the heart from gastric irritations, neurasthenia, 
cigarette smoking in boys, masturbation and excessive bicycle 
riding in those not trained for it. The heart muscle may be 
enfeebled and the heart's action irregular. There is dyspnoea, 
with weight and constriction of the chest and oedema of the 
left hand and foot. 

It should be studied in cases of headache that are neuralgic 
or congestive in character. It may appear as a weight on the 
vertex, or it may be upon the right side. It is severe, throb- 
bing, and pulsating in character and is frequently attended 
with irritation or congestion of the pelvic organs in the female. 

It is the remedy in diaphragmitis when there is sharp 
shooting pain and a sense of constriction in the region of the 
attachment of the diaphragm. At times the whole body feels 
as if caged and each wire were being twisted tighter and 
tighter. These constrictions may be at any or all parts of the 
body, and are caused or brought on by the slightest contact. 
Again it takes the form of pains that dart and spring at any 
portion of the body, like chains of lightning, and end with a 
sharp vise-like grip, only to be renewed. 

It has a favorable action in the control of hemorrhages 
from any portion of the body. The menstrual flow ceases when 
lying down. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Kali carbonicum, Lilium tigri- 






CADMIUM SULPHTJRICUM. 

Description.— Sulphate of Cadmium occurs in colorless 
transparent crystals, which effloresce in air. Preparations. — 
Triturations and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations 2x to 6x, 
and dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a copious 
flow of saliva, with nausea, vomiting, pain, chilliness and cold- 
ness. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cholera and yellow fever. 
There is violent nausea and retching. The ejected material is 



CAJAPUTUM. 175 

dark, green, slimy, and may contain' blood, "Black Vomit." 
The abdomen is sore, tender and tympanitic. 

The region of the liver is sore. There are clots of offensive 
blood passed from the bowels. It is of service during fever 
when the patient is as cold as ice. He stops breathing when- 
ever he drops into a sleep and awakens suffocated. 

Compare. — Veratrum album, Arsenicum album, Zinc. 

CAHINCA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rubiacese. Common 
Names, Snowberry, Cluster-flowxred Snowberry. Habitat, 
Brazil. Preparations. — Mother tincture from the dried root- 
bark; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of oedema of the feet and 
eyelids, with scanty urine and a sense of fulness of the loins. 

The urine contains albumen. The skin is dry and there is 
dyspnoea upon lying down. 

Compare. — Apocynum cannabinum, Arsenicum album. 

OAJAPUTUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Myrtacese. Synonyms, 
Oleum Cajaputi, Oil of Cajaput. This is a volatile oil obtained 
from the leaves of Melalenca Cajaputi, a tree growing in the 
Moluccas. Preparations. — Homoeo., Tincture of the oil t ±q 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Oleum Cajaputi. Dosage. — Of the 
oil 1 to 10 drops on sugar. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in flatulent colic and tympanitis 
and distension of the bowels. The patient hiccoughs upon the 
slightest provocation. The tongue feels as if greatly enlarged. 

It should be studied in spasmodic stricture of the oesopha- 
gus. 

Compare. — Asafcetida, Nux moschata. 



176 Blackwood's materia medica. 



CALADITJM SEGUINUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Araceae. Common Name, 
Poisonous American Arum. Habitat, South America. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture from the fresh root; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 2 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in pruritus of the vulva and 
vagina during pregnancy, also pruritus of the genitals of the 
male. The parts are cedematous or cold, sweating and re- 
laxed. 

It is of service in dyspepsia when the stomach feels as if 
full of dry food. 

Compare. — Selenium, Capsicum. 

CALCAKEA ACETICA. 

Description. — Calcium acetate or Acetate of L,ime, pre- 
pared according to Hahnemann's method, is a dark yellow 
colored solution. Preparations. — Mother tincture, and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Tincture and dilutions as usual. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in membranous bronchitis when 
there is much rattling during expiration, with loose cough 
and the expectoration of membraneous casts of the bronchial 
tubes. The breathing is difficult and there is a constricted, 
anxious sensation in the chest. 

It is useful in megrim when there is coldness in the head 
and a sour taste in the mouth. 

Compare. — Bromium. 

CALCAREA ARSENIOOSA. 

Description. — Arsenate of L,ime is a light, white, amor- 
phous powder. Preparations. — Triturations and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Trituration 2x to 6x and dilutions. 



CALCAREA CARBONIC A. 177 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in women who suffer from obesity 
and who at the climacteric period are annoyed by palpitation 
of the heart from any exertion. The heart's action is feeble, 
there is dyspncea and chilliness. Also in nephritis when there 
is extreme sensitiveness over the region of the kidneys asso- 
ciated with dyspncea and feeble heart action. It has reduced 
enlarged livers and spleens in children, and retarded attacks of 
epilepsy which were preceded by a rush of blood to the head. 

Compare. — Calcarea carbonica. 

CALCAREA CARBONICA. 

Description. — Synonym, Calcarea Ostrearum. Carbonate 
of lime, according to Hahnemann, is prepared from the inner 
snow white portion of the oyster shell. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Triturations and dilutions. U. S. P., Calcii Car- 
bonus Prsecipitatus. Dosage. — Precipitated carbonate of lime 
may be given from 10 to 40 grains. 

Physiological Action. — This agent modifies the nutri- 
tion of the vegetative system, and as a result there are changes 
in the composition of the blood that terminate in certain con- 
stitutional diseases. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in ieucophlegmatic, scrofulous in- 
dividuals, who are light complexioned, have dry, tow like 
hair, fair skin, and blue eyes. They are pale, weak, easily 
tired from any form of exertion, and are disposed to become 
corpulent, with muscles that are soft and flabby. 

It is of service in cases of rachitis, the teeth appear late, 
the child does not learn to walk as early as is normal and the 
fontanelles are late in closing. When the child is sleeping 
the head perspires so that the pillow is wet far around it. 

It should be remembered in those scrofulous individuals 
with enlargement of the mesenteric glands, who show a ten- 
dency early in life to obesity. Oxidation is imperfect and 



178 Blackwood's materia medica. 

there is a deposit of adipose especially about the abdomen. 
The tissue is poorly nourished, the hemoglobin is low and 
leucocythemia is present. 

It should be studied in tuberculosis. This may present 
itself as an involvement of the lymphatic glands or of any 
other tissue. The subject has grown rapidly; the cold and 
damp air seems to go through him. He is constantly taking 
cold. The circulation is disturbed and there are acid eructa- 
tions after meals. The latter is more apparent if fats have been 
eaten. There is a loose cough and the bronchi are filled with 
mucus. The patient becomes emaciated, is sensitive to cold 
and has sore pains in the chest. 

It is indicated in the menstrual derangements of girls who 
are fat, and plethoric, who grow too rapidly and in whom 
menstruation appears early, is profuse, and lasts too long; 
while later they suffer from chlorosis, and amenorrhcea. L,ater 
in life it is useful when the menses are too early and too pro- 
fuse, it is difficult to stop the menstruation, and the least ex- 
citement causes its return. The patient is weakly and com- 
plains of coldness and dampness of the extremities. These 
subjects often suffer from profuse milk like leucorrhcea. 

In acute and chronic hydrocephalus, and in all troubles 
arising as the result of a defective assimilation, it is indicated 
when the leading characteristics are present. 

It is useful in the sour diarrhceas and vomiting of children 
when the whole child smells sour, and is continually craving 
eggs. The region of the stomach is swollen and looks like a 
saucer turned bottom side up. 

It has been used beneficially in new growths, and is be- 
lieved by some observers to have an influence over the pain 
that attends the passage of biliary calculi, when given in the 
30th potency. 

The Calcarea patient feels worse from cold, damp air, from 
getting wet and working in cold water, or handling cold sub- 
stances, from loss of fluid and exertion of any form, and is 
better in warm, dry weather. 

Compare. — Calcarea phosphorica. 






CAIXAREA HVPOPHOSPHOROSA. 179 



CALCAREA FLUORICA. 

Description. — Fluoride of Lime is found in nature as 
fluor-spar and this is used in Homoeopathy. Preparations. — 
Triturations and dilutions. Dosage. — ix to 6x trituration 
and dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a dilatation 
and relaxed condition of the parts with induration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is a hard stony condi- 
tion of the glands, enlarged and varicosed veins i in defective 
nutrition of the bone, in induration where suppuration is 
threatened and in diseases of the eye. 

It is of service in indurated glands when they are of stony 
hardness, also in tortuous dilated blood-vessels, varicoses, and 
enlarged veins. In the early stages of aneurism before a pro- 
nounced sac has formed. 

It is of benefit in osseous tumors and growths of bone. 

Compare. — Fluoric acid, Calcarea phosphorica, Silicea, 
Car bo animalis. 

CALCAREA HYPOPHOSPHOROSA. 

Description. — Common Name, Hypophosphite of Calcium. 
It occurs in permanent, odorless, colorless crystals or as a 
white crystalline powder of a pearly lustre. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Triturations and dilutions. U. S. P., Calcii Hypo- 
phosphis. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. ij-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is classed as an 
alterative and restorative. When taken in large quantities for 
a length of time it produces defective nutrition and symptoms 
that simulate a tubercular condition. In large doses it has 
been known to start latent tubercular processes into activity. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases where there is 
enervation with ?ieri'Ous prostration, depression of spirits, and 
lack of nerve force. 



180 Blackwood's materia medica. 

In scrofulous children, when the face is pale and emaciated. 
There are cerebral congestion and night sweats, the extremities 
are habitually cold. In the more advanced cases of tubercu- 
losis, it is indicated when the appetite is poor, there is loss of 
strength with cough, hectic fever, and night sweats, haemopty- 
sis and profuse menstruation in the female. It is often the 
remedy following pneumonia when resolution is not perfect 
and there is a tendency for the lungs to break down. 

It is of service when the bone is the part involved, as in 
spinal curvature when the child shows a tubercular diathesis 
and is anaemic. And in psoas abscesses&n& other exhibitions of 
tuberculosis when attended with debility and anaemia. Incip- 
ient tubercular meningitis often finds in this a remedy during 
the early stages, and cases are reported of cures when the case 
was advanced. The haemorrhages of young girls of the tuber- 
cular type have been relieved by it. 

Compare. — Tuberculatum , Calcarea phosphorica. 

CALCAREA IODATA. 

Description. — Iodide of Lime is a very soluble, deliques- 
cent, white salt. Preparations. — Triturations and dilutions. 
Dosage. — ix to 6x triturations, and dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in large doses acts as 
an irritant. It arrests putrefaction and deodorizes the stools. 
Its action is prominent upon the glandular system, where it 
checks suppuration and promotes resolution, especially in 
scrofulous subjects. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of scrofulous sub- 
jects who suffer from enlargement of the lymphatic glands, 
also in cases of enlarged tonsils, adenoids, fibroid tumors, and 
in croup. 

The enlarged tonsils are rilled with little crypts and pockets. 
In fibroid tumors of the nose and ears it is of service when 
associated with other symptoms. 

In tumors of the mammary glands it is of service when 



CALCAREA PHOSPHORICA. l8l 

they are attended with sharp, darting pains, while the growth 
is tender to pressure. It must be continued for a long period 
to complete the cure. 

Rachitis has yielded to its influence, even cases where the 
child has never attempted to walk or stand or raise itself. 

In croup it has been used extensively in the lower 
potencies. 

Compare. — Sodium. 

CALCAREA PHOSPHORICA. 

Description. — Phosphate of Lime is a white, amorphous 
powder, obtained by dropping dilute Phosphoric acid into 
lime water. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations and di- 
lutions. U. S. P., Calcii Phosphas .Prsecipitatus. Dosage.— 
Of the substance, gr. x-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a constituent of all 
the tissues of the body, and is a necessity in cell growth. 
When for any reason it is withheld from the system, the sub- 
ject becomes weakened, an atonic condition develops, ossifi- 
cation is imperfect, and a general interference with nutrition 
occurs. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in dark complexioned, thin, spare, 
anaemic persons, with dark hair and eyes; in children who, 
during their first and second dentition, suffer from diarrhoea, 
flatulence, and who crave salted or smoked meats. 

It is of service in rachitis when the child is emaciated, un- 
able to stand. The cranial bones are thin and brittle. The 
fontanelles remain open, or reopen after having been closed. 
Dentition is delayed and the child is slow in learning to walk. 
The abdomen is sunken and flabby. It is useful in spinal 
curvature when the back is weak and is unable to support the 
body. It frequently controls anczmia and mal-nutrition, in 
those who grow too rapidly, as is observed in girls at puberty, 
where there is a tendency for the bones to soften, or the spine 
to curve. This condition may result from rapid child bearing, 



182 Blackwood's materia medica. 

prolonged lactation or profuse menstruation, and the remedy is 
to be studied in such cases. 

It is indicated in the headaches of school girls, who are 
ansemic and suffer from flatulent dyspepsia which is worse 
after eating. They suffer at times from grief and disappointed 
love affairs, and there is an involuntary sighing. 

It should be thought of in cases of non-union of the frag- 
ments following fractures, and in rheumatism dependent upon 
cold weather. 

The patient is worse in damp, cold, changeable weather and 
from east winds. He feels his complaints more while thinking 
of them, being relieved in warm, dry summer weather. 

Compare. — Calcarea fluorica, Calcarea carbonica. 

CALCAREA PICRICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Calcium picrate. This' is 
a reddish-brown to yellow powder. Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. |-ij. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of circumscribed inflam- 
mation of the auditory canal, frequently bringing relief when 
Hepar sulphur. , and Picric acid have failed. 

CALCAREA RENALIS. 

Description. — The renal calculi are used, both phosphatic 
and uric. Preparations. — Triturations and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — ix to 6x triturations, and higher in dilution. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is said to relieve renal calculi and gravel, and 
to prevent the formation of tartar upon the teeth. (Rigg's 
Disease. ) 

Compare. — Berberis vulgaris. 



CALOTROP1S. 183 



CALCAREA SULPHURICA. 

Description. — Sulphate of Calcium is a fine, white crystal 
line powder. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations and 
dilutions. U. S. P. , Calcii Sulphas Exsiccatus. Dosage. — 
Triturations, ix to 6x, and higher in dilution. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in suppuration when the pus 
has found a vent, the infiltration has subsided but the discharge 
continues. 

It is of service in eczema and glandular swellings. The 
eruption has yellowish scales and there are many pimples and 
points of suppuration. The glands are enlarged and hard. It 
should be thought of in cases that are discharging pus. 

Compare. — Hepar sulphuris, Silicea. 

CALENDULA OFFICINALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Name, Marigold. Habitat, Europe, but now cultivated in 
gardens elsewhere. Preparations. — Horn ceo., The mother 
tincture is prepared from the fresh leaves and flowers. Dilu- 
tions from the tincture. U. S. P., Calendula, Tinctura Calen- 
dulse. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent has been extensively employed in the treatment 
of open wounds and as a local application in gynaecological 
practice. Internally it has been employed when there is a 
tendency to take cold, especially during damp weather. 

Compare. — Hamamelis, Hypericum, Symp/ioricarpus. 
Arnica mo n tan a. 

CALOTROPIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Asclepiadaceae. Synonyms, 
Calotropis Gigantea, Madar. Habitat, Bast Indies. Prepara- 



184 Blackwood's materia medica. 

tions. — The mother tincture is prepared from the dried bark. 
Dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 
5 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in secondary syphilis. Under the 
influence of this remedy the ulcers heal and the skin becomes 
clear. The patient is anaemic. 

It is also of service in leprosy and elephantiasis. 

Compare. — Kali hydro Modicum, Natrum hydroiodicum, 
Mercurius. 



CALTHA PALUSTRIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
Name, Cowslip. Habitat, America. Preparations. — The 
mother tincture is prepared from the entire fresh plant. Dilu- 
tions from the tincture. Dosage. — Tincture and dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of pemphigus. The 
bullae are surrounded by a ring, and are attended by itching. 
On the third day they are transformed into crusts. It also has 
some reputation in uterine cancer. 

CAMPHORA. 

Description. — Natural Order, I^auraceae. Common 
Name, Camphor. Habitat, Asia. Sublimed from a solution 
obtained by boiling in water parts of the camphor tree or 
camphor laurel. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture, 
triturations and dilutions. U. S. P., Camphora, Aqua Cam- 
phorae, Spiritus Camphorae. Dosage. — Spiritus Camphorae 
is the same as the mother tincture; dose, tT^ v-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin produces irritation, reddens the surface and induces a local 
sedative effect. Taken internally in medium doses it causes 



camphora monobromata. 185 

vertigo, confusion of ideas, delirium and stupor which are ac- 
companied with epileptiform convulsions and maniacal excite- 
ment. The reflexes are lowered and there is great muscular 
weakness, and cramps in the calves of the legs. The heart's 
action is weakened, there is prostration and coldness. There is 
strangury and retention of the urine. It controls sexual desire 
both in the male and the female. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal and choleric diseases 
when the surface of the body is cold to the touch, but cannot 
bear to be covered. The patient is in a state of collapse, irri- 
table, and mentally weak. 

It should be studfted in cases of Asiatic cholera and kindred 
troubles that are characterized by sudden sinking of the 
strength, with coldness of the body. The face is pale and 
blue, the lips livid; there is purging and vomiting. The pa- 
tient is restless and anxious, but cannot bear to be covered. 

It should be remembered during the early stages of a cold 
ffhen the subject is still chilly. It is also of service in chronic 
paroxysmal coryza. 

It becomes a prominent remedy in the retrocession of 
measles and scarlatina when the face is pale, cold and hippo- 
cratic. The child is restless and will not tolerate the covers. 

It is of service in the ill effects of shock from an injury, 
when its cardinal indications are present. 

Compare.— Arsenicum album, Veratrum album. 

CAMPHORA MONOBROMATA. 

Description.— Monobromated Camphor comes in colorless, 
prismatic needles or scales, of mild camphoraceous odor and 
taste. Preparations.— Homceo., Triturations. U. S. P., 
Camphora monobromata. Dosage.— Of the substance, gr. j-x. 
Physiological Action.— This agent is a hypnotic, nerv- 
ous sedative and a gastric irritant. When given to men in large 
doses it has produced epileptiform convulsions; in the lower 
animals there is a weakness of the muscular system resulting 
in paralysis, stupor and death. 



i86 Blackwood's materia medica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in cases of cerebral con- 
gestion with nervous erethism, and in headaches that result 
from mental excitement, excessive study, and reflex causes; 
also in cases of cerebral anczmia, with coldness, torpor and 
debility; and headaches from anaemia, with sleeplessness. 

It is useful in epileptiform, hysteric and choreic spasms 
with coldness of the body and extremities, with cramps, 
trembling, nervous excitability, insomnia and visual delu- 
sions. It relieves cases of sexual erethism with spasmodic 
painful erections and nightly emissions, when there is a de- 
gree of hysteria present with the sexual irritation; also ir- 
regular heart's action and palpitation of Uie heart dependent 
upon reflex causes. 

It has relieved cases of paralysis agitans, chorea and in- 
somnia when given in doses of from 3 to 12 grs. 

CANCHALAGUA. 

Description.— Natural Order, Gentianaceae. Common 
Name, Centaury of Chili. Habitat, California. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture is prepared from the dried plant 
in flower. Dilutions from the tincture. Dosage.— Of the 
tincture from 5 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in severe cases of i7itermittent 
fever of the tertian type, as is observed in hot climates. There 
is a general bruised feeling, and soreness all over the body, 
especially of the lower extremities. The chill is general, and 
the paroxysm is attended with nausea and vomiting. The skin 
presents a wrinkled, corrugated appearance. Leprosy. 

CANNABIS INDIOA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Urticaceae. Common 
Name, Indian hemp. Habitat, Persia and Northern India, and 
is cultivated in many other countries. Preparations.— 



CANNABIS INDICA. 187 

Homceo., The mother tincture is prepared from the dry herb- 
tops imported from India. Dilutions from the tincture. U. S. P. , 
Fluidextractum Cannabis Indicae,Tinctura Cannabis Indicse. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture Vf[ x-xxx. Of the fluid 
extract, TTL j~ v - 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a vaso-motor and 
cerebro-spinal stimulant, increasing the arterial tension, the 
intellectual and motor activity. It depresses sensation, and 
while it has not the power of starting uterine contraction it 
does increase the energy of the uterine fibre. Physiological 
doses give rise to a form of intoxication, during which the 
ideas come so rapidly that the victim believes that time is pass- 
ing slowly and minutes appear to be hours or days, a short dis- 
tance appearing to be a long way. He has a sensation of a 
double consciousness. Sight and hearing are more acute, the 
pupils dilated. Later anaesthesia appears, the reflexes are low- 
ered, and sleep and coma are present in proportion to the dose. 
Its after effects are headache, vertigo, dullness, forgetfulness 
and mental confusion. There is anaesthesia of the skin and diur- 
esis. Death has never been observed from it, but overstimula- 
tion produces impotence and mental weakness. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is an exaltation of the 
senses with hallucination and imaginations of all forms. She 
forgets what she is about, is very absent-minded. There are 
violent shocks with involuntary shaking of the head. Head- 
ache as though the head opened and shut. The gaze is fixed 
and the letters appear to run together while reading. 

It is of service in hyper (Esthetic conditions of the female 
genital organs assisting in overcoming the abnormal sexual 
desire and hysteria present at the menstrual period, also in the 
male when suffering from gonorrhoea with sexual hyperaesthe- 
sia, priapism and spermatorrhoea. 

It is useful in the insomnia of the aged when there is rest- 
lessness, melancholia, neuralgia and haemicrania. 

It is beneficial in functional derangement of the stomach 
accompanied by severe pain and ravenous hunger. 



l88 - fcJ^ACKWOOD^S MATERIA MEDINA. 

It is employed to relieve the lightning pains of locomotor 
ataxia. 

Compare. — Hyoscyawus, Stramonium , Belladonna. 

CANNABIS SATIVA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Urticacese. Common 
Name, Hemp. Habitat, Asia, but cultivated in many countries. 
Preparations. — The mother tincture of the fresh blooming 
herb-tops, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, TT|_ x- 

XXX. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
membranes of the urinary tract, producing irritation and inflam- 
mation with mucous discharge. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated during the acute inflammatory 
stages of gonorrhoea when the urethra is sensitive to the touch 
or pressure. He cannot walk with the legs close together as 
it hurts the urethra; the pains extend posteriorly along the 
urethra. 

It is of service in humid asthma when there is dyspnoea, 
the patient can only breathe in the sitting posture. There is 
usually some vesical irritation, and a sensation is experienced 
as though water was dropping over the heart or head. 

It is of service in the removal of corneal opacities following 
ophthalmia in scrofulous subjects. 

Comipa,re.-Coftaiba, Canlharis , Terebinthina, Euphrasia. 

CANTHARIS. 

Description. — Common Name, Spanish Fly. A golden, 
yellow-green fly of the Order, Coleoptera and the Family, 
Vesicantia. Preparations. — Homoeo., The mother tincture 
of the carefully selected insects, and dilutions from the tinc- 
ture. U. S. P., Cantharis, Ceratum Cantharidis, Collodium 
Cantharidatum, Tinctura Cantharidis. Dosage. — Homceo., 
Of the mother tincture { T \ ), TTL i~ v. U. S. P., Tinctura Can- 
tharidis (2V )> 1^1 j _xx - Same as mother tincture. 



CAXTHARIS. 189 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin produces a burning pain, hyperemia, vesicles which tend 
to coalesce, and if the action is continued will terminate in 
sloughing and ulceration. When applied to the chest, the 
lungs beneath become pale and anaemic, while if it is long 
continued the pleura will show inflammatory changes. If it is 
applied to the abdomen for a prolonged period peritonitis will 
result. When taken internally it has power of causing irrita- 
tion of the stomach, gastro-enteritis, nausea, vomiting and 
purging. It passes into the blood and is excreted by the kid- 
neys, producing congestion of the kidneys and irritation of 
the bladder. The urine may be suppressed or voided fre- 
quently, when it is apt to contain albumin and at times blood. 
There is pain and aching in the renal region, in the bladder, 
urethra and glans penis with priapism. The autopsy in fatal 
cases shows inflammatory changes in the intestinal tract with 
hyperemia of the kidneys and bladder. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cystitis and nephritis; when 
there is a constant desire to urinate there is urging before and 
after urination, passing but a few drops of urine at a time 
which may contain albumen and blood. There is violent 
tenesmus and pain in the bladder with cutting pains in the 
urethra, with ineffectual efforts to urinate. 

There is pain in the kidneys, loins and abdomen, with a 
constant desire to urinate. The urine is scanty, high colored, 
bloody and albuminous and contains an excess of casts and 
epithelial cells, as seen in acute nephritis when desquamation 
predominates over congestion. 

It is useful in the dysuria of old men, with weakness and 
paralysis of the sphincter of the bladder; a frequent desire to 
pass the urine and an inability to do so in old women. 

It is of service in the priapism in the male, and nympho- 
mania in the female preventing sleep. At times there are 
nocturnal emissions. 

It should be remembered in pleurisy when there is a profuse 
serous exudation, with dyspnoea, cough, palpitation of the 



190 Blackwood's materia medica. 

heart, and a tendency to syncope. The perspiration is profuse, 
while the urine is scanty. 

It is indicated in enteritis when the stools are similar to 
scraping of the mucous membrane. They may consist of pure 
blood or be mixed with blood and are attended with great 
tenesmus. The abdomen is distended, is very sensitive, while 
there is a sensation of burning within the rectum and abdo- 
minal cavity appearing to start from the back of the bladder. 

Vesicular erysipelas demands this remedy; it may be ap- 
plied locally, well diluted, and given internally. It will as- 
sist in those cases of chronic eczema and elephantiasis where 
the whole surface is sore, and burning, with vesication. 

It is also of service in inflammation of the cellular tissue 
that is hard, painful, and attended with burning. Apis has 
more stinging. 

Compare. — Terebinthina. 

CAPSICUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Salonacese. Synonyms, 
Capsicum annuum, Cayenne Pepper. Habitat, tropical 
America and Asia. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tinc- 
ture prepared of the ripe, dried fruit; and dilutions. U. S. P., 
Capsicum, Fluidextractum Capsici, Oleoresina Capsici, Tinctura 
Capsici. Dosage. — Homceo., The mother tincture may be 
given in doses, Vf[ j-v. U. S. P. , The substance may be given, 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
is a rubefacient; when taken internally it produces a burning 
sensation in the intestinal tract, establishing a mild inflamma- 
tion. It is eliminated by the kidneys. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a general enfeebled 
atonic condition. The muscular fibres are relaxed and weak- 
ened. The patient is of a phlegmatic type, and all the vital 
forces are reduced. 

It should be studied in atonic dyspepsia, with flatulent 



CARBO ANIMAIvIS. I9I 

» 

colic such as is observed in drunkards when there is a sense of 
burning in the stomach. 

It is useful in prostrating diarrhoeas and in cholera when 
the stools are burning in character and followed by thirst. It 
becomes the remedy in intermittent fever when the liver and 
spleen are enlarged and tender. The chill begins in the back, 
between the shoulder blades and lumbar region. There is 
great thirst during the chill and every drink is followed by a 
shudder. 

It is of service in a relaxed condition of the larynx and 
during the acute inflammatory attacks that accompany such a 
condition. There is a burning sensation. The pharynx is 
granular and the mucous membranes are of a dark or purple 
hue. In these cases it may be employed both locally and in- 
ternally. These remarks apply also to diphtheria, tonsillitis 
and scarlet fever. It has been employed in'adscess of the lung 
when the breath is offensive. 

It has been of service in parenchymatous nephritis, pye- 
litis, also in spermatorrhoea and impotency when the}' are at- 
tended with a general relaxed condition. In dipsomania 
(and those suffering from delirium) it has a quieting influence. 
In these cases it is well to give a hot infusion in hot beef tea. 
In the treatment of those suffering from the opium habit it is 
useful. Used locally and internally it is of benefit in many 
cases of general paresis or local paralysis. 

Compare. — Apis mellifica, Croton tig Hum , Argentum 
nitricum. 

CARBO ANIMALIS. 

Description. — Common Xame, Animal Charcoal. It is 
the charred ox- hide leather as prepared according to Hahne- 
mann. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Carbo Animalis Purificatus. Dosage. — Of the sub- 
stance, gr. j-iij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent deranges the digest- 
ive organs, causes a copper colored eruption to appear over 
the body, together with glandular induration and a putrescence 
of the fluids. 



192 Blackwood's materia medica. 



THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in scrofulous subjects, with a 
venous plethora; the mucous membranes are purple, the glands 
show induration; they are swollen, painful, and there may be 
sharp pains through them. 

It is of service in cases when the digestive process is de- 
layed so that eructations taste of the food eaten long before; 
there is nausea following each meal. There is a copper 
colored eruption upon the face. The fluids and secretions are 
putrid. There is great lassitude, especially felt in the thighs. 

Compare. — Conium, Hydrastis Canadensis. 



CARBO VEGKETABILIS. 






Description. — Common Name, Charcoal. Hahnemann 
employed the charcoal of birch wood; in some of the provings 
of others that of the red beech was lased. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Carbo Iyigni. 
Dosage. — The substance may be given from 10 grains to 2 
drachms. Triturations and dilutions as usual. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
surfaces, increasing the secretions and producing a pronounced 
acidity with fermentation. The bronchial secretions are also 
increased. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there are indications of im- 
perfect oxidation. The skin is blue, and the extremities cold. 
The vitality is exhausted and the patient desires to be fanned. 
The digestion is impaired so that all food distresses, and there 
are excessive accumulations of gas in the stomach. Eructa- 
tions afford only temporary relief. 

It is of service in fermentative dyspepsia, with acidity. 
The slightest food disagrees and causes the stomach to become 
distended with gas to such an extent that it is distressing- 
This condition is accompanied by diarrhoea rather than by 



CARBONEUM SUI.PHURATUM. I93 

constipation. The patient presents indications of defective 
circulation and imperfect oxidation. 

It is of service in chronic aphonia. There is great rough- 
ness in the larynx with a deep, rough voice, which fails upon 
the slightest exertion. 

In the chronic bronchitis of the aged it is useful; the ex- 
pectoration is profuse and difficult to raise and the circulation 
is impaired. 

These complaints are attended with a sensation of weakness, 
fatigue and burning in the chest. 

Compare. — Lycopodium, Veratrum album, Carbolic acid, 

CARBONEUM OXYGBNISATUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Carbon Monoxide, Car- 
bonous oxide. This is a combustible gas, which is soluble in 
water. Preparations. — The tincture is made from a saturated 
aqueous solution; dilutions from this. Dosage. — Dilutions 
as usual. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in herpes zoster and pemphigus. 
There are vesicles along the course of the nerves. 

It is of service in trismus when the jaws are firmly closed. 
Compare. — Rhus toxicodendron. 



CARBONEUM SULPHUR ATTJM. 

Description. — Common Names, Carbon Disulphide, Bi- 
sulphide of Carbon. It is a very mobile, colorless, highly re- 
fractive liquid. When impure it has a repulsive, foetid odor. 
Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother tincture and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Carbonei disulphidum. Dosage. — Of the pure 
Carbon disulphide, TTL sub- 
therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in Meniere's disease. There is 
ringing in the ears and loss of hearing. Also in sciatica when 



194 Blackwood's materia medica. 

the pains are flying in character and are accompanied by 
cramps and formication. 

In retinal engorgement it is of service; the vision is im- 
paired, things seeming to be in a fog. 

Compare. — Acidum salicylicum, Causticum, Benzoin. 



CARDUUS MARIANUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Name, St. Mary's Thistle. Habitat, Europe. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture made from the ripe, whole seeds. 
Dilutions from this. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the venous 
system, especially the portal vein. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in derangements of the liver, 
portal system and the whole venous system. There is hard- 
ness and tenderness of the left lobe of the liver, pressure at this 
point causing oppressed breathing and cough. At times there 
is pain in the liver with oedema of the feet, scanty, high-colored 
urine, and jaundice. The stools are hard and knotty, and a 
condition of constipation may alternate with one of diarrhoea. 
Cases of hypercemia of the liver with jaundice and cirrhosis 
with dropsy are benefited by it. The face is sallow, the appe- 
tite capricious, the patient is nervous, irritable, despondent 
and complains of physical debility. 

It should be remembered for the stitching pains in the right 
side that precede or accompany bilious attacks. 

The patient is apt to be sad or hypochondriacal, there is 
dull pain over the eyes, or in the temples, with a bitter taste 
in the mouth and want of appetite and great nausea and vomit- 
ing of a sour green fluid, and splenic pain even where there is 
no enlargement of the organ. 

Compare. — Chionanthus, Ceanothus } Hydrastis Cana- 
densis, 



CASCARILLA. I 95 

CARLSBAD SALT. 

Description. — The salt obtained by evaporating the water 
from the hot springs of Carlsbad. Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. Dosage. — Trituations, ix-6x, and higher 
in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is hepatic derange- 
ment with obesity or diabetes. The bowels are constipated, 
and only move when there is much abdominal force. The 
tongue is coated white and there is a sour taste in the mouth. 

Compare. — Leptandrin, Carduus marianus. 

CASCARA SAG-RADA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rhamnaceae. Synonyms. 
Rhamnus Purshiana, Chittem bark. Habitat, North America. 
Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother tincture from the bark: 
and dilutions. U. S. P. , Rhamnus Purshiana, Fluidextractum 
Rhamni Purshianse. Dosage. — Of the powdered bark, gr. v; 
of the fluid extract Vf[ 10-60; the solid extract in 2 to 3 grain 
doses. 

Physiological Action. — This agent stimulates the secre- 
tions of the intestinal tract, increases peristaltic action and re- 
lieves constipation by restoring the tonicity of the bowels. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is of service in constipation when it is attended with 
foul breath, a broad flabby tongue, and headache; also in rheu- 
matism that is attended with constipation. 

CASCARILLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Buphorbiaceae. Synonym , 
Croton Blentheria. Habitat, Bahama islands. Prepara- 
tions. — Tincture from the dried bark; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the bark, gr. xx-xl. Of the mother tincture from 1 to 4 
fluid drachms may be given. 



196 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

It is employed in dyspepsia when there is hunger following 
the meals, in chronic diarrhoea that alternates with constipa- 
tion, when the stools are hard and lumpy, attended with back- 
ache and debility. There is flatulence and pain in the rectum. 

Compare. — Sepia, Car bo animalis. 

CASTANEA VESCA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cupuliferse. Common 
Name, Chestnut, American Chestnut. Habitat, North America. 
The Kuropean chestnut differs slightly from the American 
tree. Preparations. — Mother tincture prepared from the 
fresh leaves. Dilutions from the tincture. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, 5 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is of service in pertussis, during the early 
stages, when the cough is severe, spasmodic, and dry. 
Compare. — Naphthalin, Drosera, Ipecacuanha. 

CASTOR EQUL 

Description. — " This is a blackish excrescence, found on 
the inner side of the fore and hind legs of the horse, above the 
knee and below the hock joints." Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 2x to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in the relief of cracked and 
ulcerated nipples. There is a swelling and violent itching of 
the breasts. 

Compare. — Graphites, Hippomanes. 

CASTOREUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Castor; Beaver. The 
follicles connected with the external genital organs of the 
beaver (Class, Mammalic, and Order, Rydentia), which contain 



CATARIA NEPKTA. I97 

a thick fluid secretion, are used. Preparations. — Triturations 
from the dry secretion, and dilutions made from the tritura- 
tion. Dosage. — Of the crude substance, gr. x-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts very much as 
does Moschus. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of nervous hysterical 
women who are greatly prostrated as the result of some ex- 
hausting disease; or they are irritable and w^eak, as the result 
of exhausting sweats, and are " pretty near " the hysterics. 

They are constantly yawning, cannot endure the day light, 
are discontented with everything, have frightful dreams, with a 
tearing, pressing headache and soreness of the scalp, which is 
frequently relieved by firm pressure and rubbing. 

The menses are premature, are attended with pain, which 
commences in the thigh and extends to the back and abdo- 
men, with associated pallor and cold sweats. The stools are 
bloody, whitish, or consist of green mucus, are preceded by 
cutting colic, which is relieved from pressure and bending for- 
ward. There is a sensation of burning in the anus. 

Compare. — Moschus, Asafcetida. 



CATARIA NBPETA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Labiatae. Common Names, 
Catnip, Catmint. Habitat, Europe and America. Prepara- 
tions. — A tincture prepared from the tops of the fresh plant in 
flower is used. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 5 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in the abdominal complaints of 
children, when there is abdominal pain and colic, with con- 
stant flexion of the thighs, twisting of the body, and crying. 

It is also employed in flatulent colic, nervous headache, 
hysteria, and nervous irritability of adults. 

Compare. — Chamomilla. 



198 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



OAULOPHYLLUM THALICTROIDES. 

Description. — Natural Order, Berberidacese. Common 
Name, Blue Cohosh. Habitat, United States. It contains a 
resinoid, Caulophyllin, and a glucoside, L,eontin. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture prepared from the fresh root ; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 3 to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the uterus 
as an emmenagogue and paturifacient, also upon the muscles 
and small joints, where it produces a condition simulating 
rheumatism. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in derangements of females. Dur- 
ing the establishment of the menstrual function, it is of service 
when chorea, epilepsy, or hysteria appears. These may be de- 
pendent upon a suppression of the flow". 

During pregnancy it is indicated when there are false pains 
with a threatened abortion, from uterine debility; when the 
habit of aborting has been established the victim is broken in 
health. There is a chronic acrid leucorrhcea which is ex- 
hausting. 

There is great weakness in the upper eyelids, which are 
heavy and droop so that they must be raised with the finger. 
There are moth patches on the face. 

During labor it is of service w T hen the labor pains are short, 
irregular, spasmodic and tormenting. The os is rigid and de- 
lays labor. There are sharp pains in the cervix. Following 
labor it is of service when there are spasmodic labor pains 
across the lower parts of the abdomen. It also controls the 
hemorrhage that follows hasty labors, and the passive haemor- 
rhage that accompanies abortions. The lochia is often pro- 
tracted. 

It is useful in acute and subacute rheumatism of the 
smaller joints, especially the hand. 

Compare. — Cimicifuga, Pulsatilla, Viburnum, Sabina. 



CAUSTlCUM. I99 



CAUSTICTJM. 

Description. — It is made according to Hahnemann by 
distilling from a paste made of freshly slaked lime and 
fused Bisnlphate of Potash. Preparations. — Mother tinc- 
ture, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces congestion 
and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx, and 
trachea, together with a paresis or paralysis of the vocal or- 
gans. There is paresis or paralysis of the sphincter vesicae. 
There is an increase of the urinary solids. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in persons with dark hair and 
rigid fibre, who are scrofulous and subject to derangements of 
the respiratory and urinary tracts. They are sad and melan- 
choly and are prone to look upon the dark side of every sub- 
ject. 

It is of service in catarrhal states of the respiratory tract, 
as laryngo-tracheal catarrh, when the voice is partially lost. 
There is a hoarseness which is worst during the morning and 
again in the evening. This may be attended by a cough which 
is violent and fatiguing and is accompanied with a sensation of 
pain down the trachea during each cough, at which time there 
is an involuntary passage of urine. 

It is of service in paralytic affections of the laryngeal, 
ocular, and sphincter muscles and as a result it becomes the 
remedy in nocturnal enuresis, as well as in involuntary urina- 
tion, while sneezing, coughing, or blowing the nose. The 
urine passes so easily that he is not aware of it. 

It is useful when the urine contains an excess of solids 
which may retard convalescence. It should be remembered in 
azoturia. It is also of service in scrofulous affections of the 
eye when there is dryness and photophobia as if there were 
grains of sand in thern. 

Compare. — Gelsetnium, Bromium, Spongia tosta. 



2do Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



CEANOTHUS AMERICANUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rhamnaceae. Common 
Name, New Jersey tea. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture prepared from the fresh leaves; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces enlarge- 
ment, and tenderness of the spleen, later the liver is enlarged 
and the bowels are relieved by the flow of the bile. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in acute splenitis, accompanied by 
severe ^>ains and an increase in the area of splenic flatness. 

It is of service in chronic splenitis, dependent upon malaria 
and the abuse of quinine when the patient feels worse during 
cold, damp weather. He is always chilly and dreads the cold. 

It is useful in sore mouth following fever, in chronic bron- 
chitis, and leucorrhoea when accompanied by an enlarged 
spleen. 

Compare. — Ferrum mur. 

CEDRON. 

Description. — Natural Order, Simarubacese. Habitat, 
tropical America. Preparations. — Mother tincture from the 
fresh seeds; and dilutions. Dosage. —Of the tincture, i to 5 
drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent, through its influence 
upon the cerebro-spinal and sympathetic nervous systems, 
produces a condition of cerebral congestion, which is followed 
by a febrile state resembling malaria. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

The attack, of whatever character, returns with clock-like 
regularity. There is pressing frontal headache, with severe, 
shooting pains over the left eye extending to the temple and 
occiput, as cases of ciliary neuralgia and choroiditis when the 
pain is distinctly periodical. 



CEREUS BONBLANDI. 201 

It is indicated in miasmatic fevers, in low, marshy regions, 
and warm seasons when the chill returns with clock-like 
regularity. 

Compare. — Cinchona^ Natrum muriaticum. 

CEPHALANTHUS OCOIDENTALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rubiaceae. Common 
Name, Button-bush. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh bark; and dilutions. 
Dosag'e. — Of the tincture, 10 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of intermittent fever, 
rheumatic fever, and soreness of the flesh. 

The patient is restless and tossed about; the joints of the 
fingers are lame and sore; there are griping pains in the lung 
and through the body and limbs; the bowels are loose and the 
stools are offensive. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Rhus toxicodendron. 

CEREUS BONBLANDI. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cactaceae. A variety of 
Cereus Grandiflorus. Habitat, tropical America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh stems; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture from 10 to 30 drops may bt given. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in occipital headaches, when the 
pains extend through the globe of the eye. Also in hyper- 
trophy of the heart, when there are pains as though it were 
pierced. There is great pain in the region of the heart, and 
tenderness of the pectoral muscles and cartilages of the chest. 

Compare. — Cactus grandfflorus, Spigelia, Kalmia lati- 
folia. 

14 



202 Blackwood's materia medica. 



CERBUS SBRPENTINUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cactaceae. Habitat, South 
America. Preparations. — Mother tincture made from the 
fresh stems; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 3 to 30 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there are nightly emissions 
with dwindling of the sexual organs, pain in the testicles, and 
a sensation of pain and paralysis in the cardiac region. 

CERIUM OXALICUM. 

Description. — Oxalate of Cerium is a white granular 
powder, which is usually obtained from the mineral "Cerite." 
Preparations. — Homceo. , Triturations and dilutions. U. S. 
P., Cerii Oxalas. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. j-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the nausea and vomiting of 
pregnancy, and the nervousness that accompanies this condi- 
tion. 

It is also of service in cases of spasmodic cough, as whoop- 
ing cough, when attended with vomiting and haemorrhages; 
also in the dysmenorrhoea of plethoric subjects. The pains are 
colicky at first, but are relieved when the flow is established. 

Compare. — Ipecacuanha, Amygdalus, Kreosotum, Sym- 
phoricarpus. 

CHAMOMILLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Coinpositae. Synonyms, 
Matricaria Chamomilla, Chamomile. Habitat, Europe. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture from the whole fresh plant; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 5 to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a hyperaes- 
thesia in both the mental and physical sphere. There is 



CHELIDONIUM MAJUS. 203 

acidity of both the excretions and secretions, and a congestion 
of the liver. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are of nervous 
temperament, over-sensitive to pain, peevish and irritable. 
The pain drives them to despair and they cannot return a 
civil answer. They are often the persons who have partaken 
excessively of tea and coffee. The subject is usually a child, 
fretful, quiet only when carried, wants different articles, but 
becomes angrier when refused, H too ugly to live.'' 

He is cross and irritable, cannot bear to be spoken to, one 
cheek is red while the other is pale. 

When this remedy is called for there is intolerance to pain. 
There is aggravation at night and from warmth. 

It is of service in the clonic spasms, cramps and painful 
twitchings that occur during the latter months of pregnancy. 

During dentition it is the remedy when the child is nerv- 
ous, fretful, restless, and even has spasms, and insists on being 
carried. The diarrhoea of this period is often controlled by it. 

In the effects of acute bilious attacks and fevers that arise 
as a result of violent anger and vexation, it is a sheet anchor. 

While not usually considered in rheumatism, neuralgia, or 
paralytic affections, it is frequently of the greatest service 
when there is numbness of the affected parts, together with 
the nervous symptoms of the drug. 

Compare. — Coffea cruda y Agaric us muscarius, Bella- 
donna, Ignatia. 

CHELIDONIUM MAJUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Papaveraceae. Common 
Xame, Celandine. Habitat, Kurope, but naturalized in 
America. Preparations. — Mother tincture from the whole 
fresh plant: and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the plant, gr. x-xxx; 
of the tincture, T|\ v-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces congestion 
and inflammation of the liver. Fatty degeneration of the 



204 Blackwood's materia medica. 

liver has been attributed to it. As a result of its action upon 
the liver, the digestive organs are deranged, and the kidneys 
show indications of de'gene ration. There is a catarrhal inflam- 
mation of the bronchial mucous membranes. The lungs are 
congested, inflamed, and hepatized, especially the right. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in irritable persons; blondes who 
are subject to hepatic and gastric complaints. There is usually 
a constant pain under the lower angle of the right scapula. 
The bowels are often constipated, the stool is hard and like 
balls. Should there be a diarrhoea it is either of a grayish or 
yellowish color, and is watery, pasty, slimy and worse at 
night. All the ailments are aggravated or return at each 
change of the weather. The patient complains of debility and 
lassitude after a meal and desires to lie down. 

It has been found of service in cases of jaundice, gall- 
stones, and hepatitis. In all these cases there is pain, either 
of an acute or dull character, in the hepatic region, with tender- 
ness of the liver. There is pain under the inferior angle of 
the scapula. The stools may be either soft and bright yellow 
or light colored and costive. The urine contains bile, while 
the skin is tinged slightly yellow. 

In the so-called " bilious pneumonia," broncho-pneumonia, 
and pertussis, it is frequently indicated. Bilious symptoms 
are present, as indicated by a tendency to jaundice, vomiting 
of bile, and a slimy yellow diarrhoea. There is pain about the 
right shoulder, and an excess of bronchial secretion with an in- 
ability to raise or dislodge it. 

The kidneys show irritation, the urine containing casts and 
an excess of uric acid. It has been curative in cases of 
periodic neuralgia on the right side of the head, with an ex- 
cessive lachrymation, so that the tears fairly gush out. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Phosphorus, Podophyllum, 
Euonymus atropurpureus. 



CHKNOPODIUM ANTHEI.MINTICUM. 205 

CHELONE GLABRA. 

Description.— Natural Order, Scrofulariaceae. Common 
Name, Balmony. Habitat, United States. Preparation. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
The tincture may be given from i to 2 fluid drachms. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a tonic, and 
through its action upon the liver it is a cathartic. It is also an 
anthelmintic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of gastrointestinal de- 
bility and hepatic torpor with pain and soreness in the lobe 
of the liver and jaundice. 

The weak digestion is dependent upon a lack of tone in the 
stomach; with the jaundice there is a loss of appetite, consti- 
pation and debility. 

It is of service following malarial fever that has never 
been relieved by quinine, w T hen it starts the secretions that 
have been checked, and removes the malarial cachexia. It is 
also indicated in dumb ague, when there is an ill denned chill, 
aching w T ith fever and distress. 

An infusion of it used as an injection will relieve pin 
worms. 

Compare. — Nux vomica, Card u us marianiis. 

CHENOPODIUM ANTHELMINTICUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Chenopodiaceae. Common 
Name, Wormseed. Habitat, tropical America, and naturalized 
throughout the United States. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture from the fresh herb in flower; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the mother tincture, 10 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is an intense pain be- 
tween the inferior a?igle of the right shoulder blade and the 



206 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

spine; also in hcemicrania, when the pain is upon the right 
side of the head and is attended with roaring in the ears and a 
dimness of the vision. The urine is copious, yellow and foam- 
ing. It is also of service in asthma and tonsillitis. 
Compare. — Chelidonium majus. 

CHIMAPHILA UMBELLATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ericaceae. Common 
Name, Pipsissewa. Habitat, United States. Preparations. - 
Homceo. , Tincture from the fresh plant in flower; and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Chimaphilla, Fluidextractum Chimaphillse. 
Dosage. — Of fluid extract of Chimaphilla, 3 ss ~ij- 

Physiological Action.— This agent acts as a tonic, excit- 
ing the appetite and assisting digestion. It stimulates all the 
excretory organs and acts as a diuretic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in chronic diseases of the kidneys 
and urinary tract when the urine is scanty and contains a large 
amount of ropy muco-purulent sediment. 

It is indicated in hematuria, ischuria, dysuria,&nd. gonor- 
rhoea when there is urging to urinate, burning and scalding, 
and straining following urination. In acute prostatitis when 
there is a loss of prostatic fluid, with distress as from a ball in 
the perineal region. 

Compare. — Borosma, Uva ursi, Pareira brava. 

CHININTJM ARSENIC OSUM. 

Description. — Syno?iyms, Ouinise Arsenias, Arsenate of 
Quinia. A white crystalline salt, produced by boiling arsenous 
acid and quinine in water. Preparations. — Triturations, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, \ grain. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
membranes, producing a low inflammatory condition; upon 
the blood and nervous system producing symptoms of a peri- 
odic type, attended with great exhaustion and prostration. 



CHININUM SUIyPHURICUM. 207 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy should be studied in cases characterized by 
great weariness and prostration. 

The patient feels tired, he is anxious, irritable and com- 
plains of the head feeling full. This may be observed during 
a fever that is attended with great prostration, as in diphtheria 
and malignant scarlet fever. While the fever is continuous it 
is the highest at night. In malarial fever of the mixed type, 
it is of service while the chill is on during the, forenoon; it is 
not a regular hour, nor does it always occur every day or every 
other day; it may close with perspiration or without it. The 
attacks are preceded by headache, yawning and stretching. 
Again the malaria may appear as a periodical neuralgia or ob- 
scure neuroses. 

It is to be remembered in diarrhoea, this may or may not be 
dependent upon malarial poisoning. The stools are painless, 
watery and usually very offensive. There is burning in the 
anus following the stool. The patient is emaciated, pale and 
greatly exhausted. It meets the chronic intestinal derange- 
ments of children who are debilitated from a loss of fluid and 
poor nutrition. It is to be studied in tubercular condition, 
when suffocative spells appear; there is a cold, clammy sweat 
over the body, with extreme thirst and anxiety. At times there 
is distress about the heart, which feels as though it would 
stop. These attacks resemble angina pectoris and are attended 
with cyanosis and venous hyperemia. 

Compare. — Chininum sulphuricum, Arsenicum album. 

CHININUM SULPHURICUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Ouininse Sulphas, Sulphate of 
Quinia. It comes in very white, light silky, needle-shaped 
crystals, and is obtained from the cinchona bark by extraction 
with sulphuric acid. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations 
and dilutions. U. S. P. , Quininae Sulphas. Dosage. — Of the 
the pure salt, ]4 to 3 grains though larger doses are given bv 
some. 



208 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is antiperiodic, anti" 
septic and antipyretic. It is a stomach tonic, assisting the ap- 
petite and digestion, increasing the flow of saliva and gastric 
juices. If long continued a gastric irritation and catarrh is 
established, hindering digestion and producing constipation 
with eructation and flatulence. Febrile paroxysms simulating 
malarial fever are established from its long use. 

It increases the number of white blood corpuscles, retards 
their movements and is a protoplasmic poison. It prevents 
disorganization of the blood. 

Large doses depress the heart's action, and render the pulse 
feeble and slow, diminishing reflex action, while under small 
doses the heart's action and arterial tension are increased. 
Large doses render the brain anaemic and pale, and produce 
tinnitus aurium, deafness, vertigo with a staggering gait, 
headache, with dilated pupils and amaurosis and in some 
cases delirium and coma. Small doses render the brain 
hypersemic and produce a state of exhilaration. Under its in- 
fluence the amount of uric acid excreted is diminished while 
the urea is increased. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is to be thought of in malarial poisoning that 
has a distinct clear cut, chill, fever, sweat and apyrexia that 
returns with marked regularity, also in cases of spinal irrita- 
tion. The type of the fever is not so important if the various 
stages are regular and well defined. The sweat is debilitating 
and relieves all the symptoms except the headache. 

The malaria may exhibit itself in the form of a neuralgia, in 
which the pain returns with great regularity. The patient 
feeling weak, nervous and exhausted, a slight* exercise pro- 
ducing palpitation of the heart. This may take the form of a 
spinal irritation, when there is great sensitiveness of the last 
cervical and dorsal vertebra to pressure, the pain extending to 
the head and neck. 

Compare. — Cinchona officinalis^ Chininum arsenicum. 



CHLORAI.UM. 209 

CHIONANTHTJS VIRGrlNICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Oleaceae. Common Name, 
Fringe tree. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture prepared from the fresh bark; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 2 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in jaundice with acute congestion 
of the liver. There is distress in the right hypochondrium, 
and cramp-like pains in the abdomen. The bowels are consti- 
pated, the stools are of a clay color, the urine is dark, the 
tongue is coated and there is loss of appetite. 

It is of service in periodic neuralgia, neurasthenia, and 
bilious headaches, in those suffering from liver derangements. 
The pain is in the forehead, chiefly' over the eyes. The eye- 
balls are painful. 

Compare. — Chelidonium majus, Carduus Marian us, 
Podophyllum and Leptandra. 

OHLORALUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Chloral, Chloral hydrate. It is 
a dry, colorless, transparent, crystalline salt, obtained by pass- 
ing chlorine through charcoal. Preparations.-^//^/ ceo., 
Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Chloral. Dosage. — 
Of the pure drug, gr. x-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a hypnotic and 
antispasmodic, slows the heart's action and respirations, and 
reduces the temperature. The muscular system is relaxed, 
and there is anaemia of the central nervous system, a stupor 
being produced, which is similar to normal sleep. 

The chloral habit results in anaemia, muscular weakness, 
irregular heart action, jaundice, purpura and sloughing of the 
extremities due to anaemia of the parts. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in delirium tremens, acute mania, 
when the vital forces are exhausted, also in puerpera] convul- 
sion and rigid os uteri during confinement. 



210 Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is employed in whooping cough, asthma and asthmatic 
dyspncea, when it is dependent upon nervous irritation. It 
has been employed in epilepsy, especially the nocturnal petit 
mat. It is useful in night terrors of children and in erythema 
and ecchymosis. 

Compare. — Belladonna, Opium. 

OHLORUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Chlorinum, Chlorine. This is 
a yellowish-green gas, which is soluble in water. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture is a i per cent, aqueous solution; di- 
lutions are prepared from this. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 
i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in spasmodic affections of the 
glottis, with suffocation and constriction. The face is purple, 
the eyes are staring and there is a cold perspiration. 

Compare. — Mephitis. 

CHOLESTERINTJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Cholesterine. An in- 
odorous insipid substance, coming in white shining unctuous 
scales. It occurs most abundantly in the bile and biliar}^ 
calculi. Preparations.— Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilution. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in obstinate hepatic engorgements 
when it is doubtful whether the condition is malignant or not. 
It is said to have cured cancer of the liver. It is also of ser- 
vice in hepatic enlargement with hepatic colic, dependent 
upon either gall stones or inspissated bile. The patient is 
cachectic, the skin is tawny, the conjunctivae are yellow, and 
insomnia is present. It should be remembered in organic liver 
diseases when the commoner hepatics fail. 

Compare. — Carduus Marianus, Chelidonium majus, 
Chionanthus, Iris versicolor, 



CICUTA VIROSA. 211 



CHRYSAROBINTJM. 



Description. — It comes as an orange-yellow powder, and 
is a neutral principle extracted from Goa Powder (a substance 
found in the wood of Andira Araruba, a Brazilian tree). 
Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. 
P., Chrysarobinum, Unguentum Chrysarobini. Dosage. — 
Of the substance, gr. \. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is used successfully in ringworm^ acne 
rosacea, eczema of the lower extremities that is attended with 
intense itching, profuse and offensive discharges. 

It relieves blepharitis, conjunctivitis, and keratitis, also an 
eczematous condition about the ears. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Mercurius, Graphites. 

CICUTA VIROSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferse. Common 
Name, Water hemlock. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the cere- 
brospinal system, producing local and general spasms and 
paralysis. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those with a highly developed 
nervous system, who suffer from convulsions of a most violent 
type. 

It is of service in the convulsions attending dentition, 
when Cina is not sufficient, also in cerebrospinal meningitis, 
where it has proven highly serviceable. 

It is useful in epilepsy when there is distension of the 
stomach, screaming, with red face, trismus, loss of conscious- 
ness and a distortion of the limbs. 



212 Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is of benefit in puerperal convulsions, the npper portion 
of the body being most affected and the breathing is suspended 
for a moment. 

It is useful in diseases of the skin, as eczema, and in a pus- 
tular eruption, which forms into thick yellow, scales on the 
face, head, and other parts of the body. 

Compare. — Hydrocyanic acid, Strychnia, Belladonna. 



CIMBX LEOTULARIUS. 

Description. — The Bedbug is a well known insect of the 
Order Heteroptera and Family Ciniidae. Preparations. — 
The tincture is prepared from the live insects; and dilutions 
from the tincture. Dosage. — Dilutions from the 3X up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in intermittent fever when there 
is a general chilliness which is worse while lying down. There 
are pains in all the joints, as though the tendons were too 
short. The patient feels weary and is inclined to stretch and 
swear. There is a violent headache in the frontal region. The 
bowels are constipated, while faeces are dry and in small balls. 

Compare. — Natrum muriaticum, Opium, Plumbum me- 
tallicum. 



CIMICIFUGA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Synonyms, 
Cimicifugaracemosa, Black snake-root, Black Cohosh. Habitat, 
United States. The resin Cimicifugin or Macrotin is obtained 
from the concentrated tincture by addition of water. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture is prepared from the 
fresh root; dilutions from the tincture. U. S. P. , Cimicif uga, 
Extractum Cimicifugae, Fluidextractum Ciinicifugae, Tinctura 
Ciinicifugae. Dosage. — Homceo., Of the incture, 5 to 30 



CIMICIFUGA. 213 

drops. U. S. P., Extract of Cimicifuga, gr. j-v. ; of the fluid- 
extract, T|\ v-xx; of the tincture, 20 per cent., Tfl. x-^j; 
Macrotin, gr. ss-ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a general 
relaxation, with dizziness, weakness of the pulse, decreases 
arterial tension and headache with flushed face. There are 
restlessness and pains that simulate rheumatism. There are 
rheumatic and neuralgic pains of the genital organs. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in rheumatic, neuralgic, and 
choreic difficulties in nervous, hysterical subjects. It is in- 
dicated in muscular rheumatism, as pleurodynia, lumbago, 
and torticollis. The muscle involved is extremely sore and 
tender, the belly of the muscle being most affected. It re- 
lieves the soreness that results from dancing and skating. 

It should be remembered in menstrual irregularities. The 
menses may be delayed or suppressed. There are shooting 
pains through the pelvis and a bearing- down sensation. At 
times hysterical and epileptic spasms appear as a result of 
reflex irritation from the uterus. 

During pregnancy it is of service when there is nausea, with 
restlessness and sleeplessness. There are false labor-like pains 
across the abdomen, and a tendency to an abortion at the third 
month. During labor it is indicated when the patient shivers, 
is nervous and may pass into convulsions. The os is rigid, 
and the pains are severe and spasmodic. 

It relieves the infra-mammary pains that are observed in 
those suffering from uterine derangement. It is of service in 
chorea that is dependent upon rheumatism or deranged uterine 
functions. 

The heart may show a derangement, refiexly from the 
uterus, when this remedy is found curative. The mental state 
demands it at times when there is a sensation as if a heavy, 
black cloud had settled over her, and also in puerperal mania. 
She thinks she is going crazy and tries to injure herself. 

Compare. — Caulophyllum, Pulsatilla, Lilium tigrinum. 



2i4 Blackwood's materia medica. 

CINA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Synonyms, 
Artemisia maritima, Santonica, Wormseed. Habitat, Barbary 
and the Levant. Its active principle is Santonin. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo. , Mother tincture from the dried flowers; and 
dilutions. U. S. P., Santonica. Dosage.— Of the flowers, 10 
to 30 grains. Of the mother tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces pallor of 
the surface, with blue rings about the eyes, colicky pains in 
the abdomen, diarrhoea, and indications of intestinal irritation. 
There is trembling, unconsciousness and convulsions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who present a pale, sickly- 
looking face, with dark rings around the eyes. The child is 
irritable and cross, desires to be carried, but this gives no 
relief. It does not want anyone to touch it nor to come near 
it. It desires many things, but rejects them when they are 
offered. It rubs and picks its nose continually. It weeps 
while awake, and starts and screams during sleep. 

It is of service in intestinal ivorms when there is a raven- 
ous appetite, with itching of the nose and anus, with restless 
sleep, and other symptoms as outlined. It will control con- 
vulsions when they are dependent upon ascarides. It is of 
service in intermittent and remittent fever. 

Compare. — Chamomilla, Ignatia. 



CINCHONA OFFICINALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rubiaceae. Synonyms, 
China officinalis, Calisaya bark, Peruvian bark. Habitat, 
South America. Among the many alkaloids found in this 
bark are Quinine and Cinchonine. Preparations. — Homceo. , 
Mother tincture of the dried bark; and dilutions. U. S. P., 



CINCHONA OFFICINALIS. 215 

Cinchona, Fluid extractum Cinchonse, Tinctura Cinchonas. 
Dosage. — Homceo., Of the mother tincture, 2 to 30 drops. 
U. S. P., Fluidextract, Tlt x -5J-; Tincture of Cinchona, 5 ss- ij- 
Physiological Action. — The action of this agent has so 
many features in common with its alkaloid Chininum sulphur- 
icum that its physiological action is considered under that 
heading. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who were once stout and 
robust, but on account of debilitating influences they have 
become broken down, as a result of exhausting, discharges or 
loss of vital fluid, as hemorrhages or excessive lactation^ and 
as a result there is debility, trembling, aversion to exercise, 
nervous erethism and sensitiveness to touch, pain and draughts. 

It is of service in intermittent fever. It may be of the ter- 
tian or double tertian, quotidian or double quotidian type, or 
the paroxysm may return every seventh or fourteenth day, 
anticipating several hours each succeeding chill. 

The prodrome consists of great thirst, with hunger, nausea, 
anguish, headache and debility. During the chill there is no 
thirst, but a general shaking over the body. The chills begin 
in the lower extremities, below che knees, and extend to the 
body. There is thirst during the sweat, which is profuse and 
is made worse from being covered. 

During the apyrexia he sweats easily, there is great debil- 
ity, with exhausting night-sweats, ringing in the ears, saffron 
color of the skin, of the scalp, face, neck, chest and abdomen. 

It is useful in the ancemia and debility that follows the loss 
of a vital fluid, as a haemorrhage, prolonged and excessive lac- 
tation, diarrhoea, suppuration or sexual excesses. The face 
presents a pale, hippocratic expression; the eyes are sunken 
and surrounded by dark rings. 

It should be studied in diarrhoea when the passage is pain- 
less, worse at night and during hot weather. It is attended 
with flatulence and is very weakening. It is often of service 
in lienteria when there is a history of a prolonged and severe 
loss of a vital fluid. 

It relieves a headache that is as though the skull would 



216 Blackwood's materia medica. 

burst; there is severe throbbing in the carotids and head. The 
pain extends from the occiput over the whole head. It is worse 
while sitting or lying, and is relieved by standing or walking. 
It is apt to result from a haemorrhage or sexual excesses. 

It is frequently the remedy for sexual irritation when 
there is an involuntary emission of semen from the slightest 
irritation. The patient feels the result of the loss and is ex- 
hausted and debilitated. 

Flatulence is corrected by it when belching brings no relief. 
It is made worse by eating fruit; at times it is associated with 
abdominal colic that occurs periodically, and is worse at night 
and after eating. 

Rheumatic and neuralgic pains are relieved by it when the 
pains are drawing and tearing in character. The part feels as 
though strained or sore. At the slightest touch the pain re- 
turns and increases to great severity, and is relieved by hard 
pressure. 

It is of service in insomnia and unrefreshing sleep. It has 
some reputation in controlling the formation of gall-stones. 

Compare. — Chininum sulphuricum, Arsenicum album, 
Cedron, Ferrum metallicum. 

CINERARIA MARITIMA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, Dusty Miller. Habitat, Venezuela and other parts of 
tropical America. Preparation. — The expressed juice of the 
wild plant is used. Dosage. — When injected into the eye it 
is given in doses of i or 2 drops at a time. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed in the treatment of cataract and 
corneal opacities. One drop is instilled in the eye four or five 
times a day for several months. 

CINNABARIS. 

Description. — Common Name, Red sulphide of Mercury, 
Mercuric sulphide. It is a heavy powder of a vermillion 



CINNAMOMUM. 217 

color. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Triturations, ix to 6x ; and higher in dilution. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of ciliary neuralgia, 
when the pain starts at the inner canthus and extends around 
the eye to the outer canthus. There is redness of the whole 
eye. 

It should be studied in cases of nasal catarrh, when there 
is pressure at the root of the nose. The throat and tonsils are 
swollen and dry. There are strings of mucus from the 
posterior nares which extend into the throat. 

In the male it is of service in cases of irritated chancres. 
The prepuce is swollen, the testicles are enlarged and there 
are buboes. 

The skin shows condylomata, which bleed easily; also fiery 
red ulcers, and syphilides, both squamous and vesicular. 

Compare. — Nitric acid, Thuja, Hepar sulphuris. 

CINNAMOMUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lauracese. Synonyms, 
Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Cinnamon. Habitat, Ceylon. A 
small evergreen tree of profuse foliage. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture is prepared from the cinnamon bark; 
dilutions from this. U. S. P., Cinnamomum ze}'lanicum, 
Tinctura Cinnamomi. Dosage. — Of the powdered bark, gr. 
x-xx. The mother tincture may be given in i drachm doses. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in post-partum and other uterine 
hemorrhages. The flow is profuse, the extremities are cold 
and the surface of the body is pallid. The menses are early 
and profuse, the blood is of bright color. While its principal 
action is upon the uterine haemorrhage, yet it controls haemor- 
rhage from other points to a limited extent. It also has some 
reputation in cancer when pain and fetor are present. 

Compare. — Cinchona officinalis, Conium. 
15 



218 Blackwood's materia medica. 



OISTUS CANADENSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cistaceae. Common Name, 
Frostwort. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture from the fresh plant in flower; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 2 to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces catarrh of 
the mucous membranes and induration of the glandular system. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in indurated conditions of the 
lymphatic glands and mercurio-syphilitic ulcers, with extreme 
sensitiveness to cold. There is a sensation of coldness at vari- 
ous parts. 

It is of service in catarrhal conditions of the throat, where 
the throat feels cold, and it becomes sore from inhaling the 
least cold air. 

Compare. — Conium, Argentum nitricum. 

CLEMATIS ERECTA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculacese. Common 
Name, Upright virgin's bower. Habitat, Europe. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture prepared from the fresh leaves; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those suffering from the effects 
of gonorrhoea, syphilis, rheumatism or scrofula. 

It should be remembered in diseases of women when there is 
insomnia, neuralgia or nervous headache, and nervous 
erethism. There are pains in various parts of the body. The 
pain in the head is often confined to the temples, is boring in 
character, and is attended with a feeling of confusion, ovarian 
and uterine irritation. 

In men it is of service in ilio-scrotal neuralgia, the testi- 
cles are indurated and have a bruised sensation. The right 
one is usually the worst. There are pains along the spermatic 
cord. 



COCA. 219 

The passage of urine is not free, may be interrupted, or it 
is in drops and dribbles after urination. 

It should be remembered in eczema and pustular eruptions, 
when the skin is red, burning, and itches severely. The 
glands are swollen, hot, and painful. The parts are worse 
from bathing in cold water. 

Compare. — Oleander, Petroselinum, Staphisagria, 
Sarsaparilla. 

OOBALTUM. 

Description. — Cobalt is one of the elementary metals of a 
steel-gray color, having a tinge of red. The pure metal re- 
duced by hydrogen is used. Preparations. — Triturations, 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, ix to 6x, and higher 
than this in dilution. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sexual irritation of the male 
and in neurasthenia. In the male there is pain in the back 
and sacrum, which is aggravated while sitting; it is somewhat 
relieved while walking and lying. There are emissions with- 
out erection. The sleep is disturbed by lewd dreams, and is 
unref resiling. 

These patients are neurasthenics, and all mental excite- 
ment increases the sufferings. 

Compare. — Agnus castus, Sepia, Selenium, Zincum 
met. 

COCA. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,ineae. Synonyms, Kry- 
throxylon Coca. Habitat, South America. Its principle al- 
kaloid is cocaine. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture 
prepared from the dried leaves; and dilutions. U. S. P., Coca, 
Extractum Cocse Fluidum. Dosage. — The mother tincture 
may be given in doses from 5 to 30 drops. The iiuidextract 
up to 3ij. 



220 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

Physiological Action.— This agent in large doses pro- 
duces delirium, hallucination and cerebral congestion. 
Medium doses act as a stimulant, increasing the bodily tem- 
perature, pulse rate and respirations, while moderate doses 
calm the nervous system and render the performance of mus- 
cular exertions easier. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is defective innerva- 
tion, with impaired digestion, vertigo and occipital and 
occipito-cervical pain. 

It should be remembered in migraine, the result of fatigue, 
weariness, and exhaustion. The headache is preceded by 
flashes of light before the eyes and is accompanied by vertigo. 

It is of service in those who are performing acts and feats 
requiring great strength, also for mountain climbers , where it 
relieves dyspnoea, palpitation of the heart and controls 
haemoptysis. 

It is useful during the early stag es^oi phthisis as it enables 
the patient to take more exercise. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Paullinia sorbilis. 

COCAINTJM. 

Description. — This is an alkaloid obtained from the Ery- 
throxylon Coca and is a colorless, crystalline salt of a bitter 
taste. Preparations. — Homoeo. , Triturations, and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Cocaina. Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. ss. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in delirium tremens, when the 
subject sees and feels bugs and worms over him. The moral 
sense is lowered and he neglects his personal appearance. 

It is useful in chorea and paralysis agitans and senile 
trembling , and in the persistent vomiting of pregnancy and 
seasickness it is used to allay the irritation. 

The great use of this agent has been in the field of surgery 
as a local anaesthetic. 



COCCULUS INDICUS. 221 

COCCINELLA SEPTEMPUNCTATA. 

Description. — Common Name, Iyadybird. This is a com- 
mon insect of the Natural Order Caleoptera and the Family 
Coccinellidse. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the live bugs; and dilutions. Dosage. — The tinc- 
ture may be given from i to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in neuralgic headaches in the fore- 
head over the right eye, which is sensitive to the touch. He 
cannot open the eye during the paroxysm. The pain is throb- 
bing, worse from looking at bright lights, and is relieved by 
sleep. 

It is of service in throbbing toothache, with a sensation of 
coldness in the parts and profuse accumulation of saliva. 

Compare. — Cantharis. 

COCCUJLUS INDICUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Menispermaceae. Syno- 
nyms, Menispermum cocculus, Fishberries. Habitat, India. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture prepared from the dried 
fruit; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the motor 
nerves, producing paresis and tetanic convulsions. There is 
nausea, faintness, vertigo and prostration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who suffer from seasick- 
ness, as a result of riding in a carriage, boat or car, or even, 
while looking at a boat in motion, are greatly prostrated. 

It is of service in spasmodic and flatulent colic and a sensa- 
tion of rubbing in the abdomen as from sharp stones. The 
passing of flatus does not afford any relief, and the condition 
is aggravated while coughing. These attacks are observed 
most frequently in females during pregnancy or menstruation. 



222 Blackwood's materia medica. 

In vertigo it is useful when the patient appears as if intox- 
icated and feels as if he must vomit when rising up in bed. 

It relieves a paretic state in which there is great weakness 
of the legs, so that the knees give out while walking, the 
thighs ache and are sore, and the soles of the feet feel as if 
pounded. The cervical muscles are unable to support the 
head. 

Compare. — Chamomilla, Cuprum metallicum, Nux 
vomica. 

COCCUS CACTI. 

Description. — Common Name, Cochineal. A small, red, 
gnat-like insect of the Order Hemiptera, and the Family Coc- 
cidse. Habitat, Mexico. Preparations. — Homceo. , Mother 
tincture of the dried insects; and dilutions. U. S. P., Coccus. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces irritation 
and congestion of the mucous membranes of the fauces, larynx 
and urinary tract. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in whooping-cough, laryngitis 
and catarrhal bronchitis, with an excessive amount of ropy, 
tenacious mucus from the parts. 

It is of service in whooping-cough when the paroxysms end 
with an expectoration of large quantities of viscid mucus. 

It relieves an irritating cough that is induced by brushing 
the teeth and rinsing the throat, when there is a large amount 
of mucus formed. 

It is useful in nephritic colic, vesical and urethral irritation 
with pains that extend from the kidneys to the bladder. There 
is frequent urging to urinate. The urine is copious and clear 
as water. It may contain blood or deposit a brickdust sedi- 
ment on standing. 

Compare. — Kali bichromicum, Cantharis. 



COFFEA CRUDA. 223 



COCHLEARIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cruciferse. Synonyms, 
Armoracia, Horseradish. Habitat, Russia, but cultivated in 
many countries. Treated with ammonia the oil of horseradish 
yields a crystalline substance called Thiosinamin. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture prepared from the fresh root; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — The tincture can be given up to 2 
drachms. 

- THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service when there are burning, cutting 
pains in the glans penis before, during, and after micturition. 

CODEINUM. 

Description. — Codeine is one of the alkaloids existing in 
opium. The hydrochlorates of both Morphine and Codeine 
are obtained together in the process of extracting the Mor- 
phine. It occurs in white or yellowish-white rhombic prisms. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. 
P. , Codeina. Dosage. — Of the pure drug for adults, gr. 5-jss. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service when there is a general itching, 
with warmth and trembling of the whole body. 

Also in cases when there is severe pain following attacks of 
neuralgia, in insomnia, especially if it is induced by attacks 
of coughing, which are constant, short, and irritating as is 
seen in phthisis. It has been employed in painful disorders of 
the abdomen, as enteralgia. In diabetes it is also of service. 

Compare. — Sulphur, Hyoscyamus. 

COFFEA CRUDA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rubiaceas. Common 
Name, Coffee. Habitat, Arabia. It contains the alkaloid 
Caffeine. Preparations. — Mother tincture prepared from 



224 Blackwood's materia medica. 

the unroasted Mocha beans, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, i to 30 drops may be taken. 

Physiological Action.— This agent used as a beverage 
habitually and excessively produces indigestion, with gastric 
acidity, vertigo, headache, cardiac irritability, and despond- 
ency. Poisonous doses produce delirium, partial loss of con- 
sciousness, a slow irregular pulse, coldness, with a clammy 
perspiration, a subnormal temperature, cramps, tremors, in- 
creased urine, and diminished vision. 

It is employed as a stimulant to antidote the effects of 
narcotics. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in over-sensitiveness of all the 
senses, they are all too acute; pain is felt so acutely that it ap- 
pears insupportable and drives the patient distracted. The 
mind and body are unusually active. 

It is of service in insomnia when the ideas roll in upon the 
mind, and he is wide awake, ecstasy^ full of ideas and there is 
no sleep. 

It is of service in neuralgia, which may appear as a tooth- 
ache, when there is extreme restlessness and complaining, with 
entire relief of the pain for a time from holding cold water in 
the mouth; also in migraine that appears as a result of over- 
mental exertion, thinking or talking. It commences in the 
morning shortly after waking, and increases little by little, till 
the pain is unbearable, and may be attended with burning. 
The skin of the head is sensitive to touch. The patient feels 
exhausted and retires to a quiet, dark room to avoid the 
noises and the light as they aggravate the condition. The 
body, especially the hands and feet, are cold on account of 
nausea and there is no desire for food or drink. Vomiting may 
take place, but it does not relieve the attack. It is usually re- 
lieved as night appears. In some cases the pain is as if a nail 
were driven into the brain, or as if the brain were being torn 
or dashed to pieces. 

Comjya,re.—Chamomilla y Ignatia, Coca. 



COLCHICCM AUTUMNALE. 225 



OOLOHICUM AUTUMNALE. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,iliacese. Common Name, 
Meadow Saffron. Habitat, Europe. It contains the alkaloid 
Colchicine. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture pre- 
pared from the fresh bulb; and dilutions. U. S. P., Colchici 
Radixj Colchici Semen, Extractum Colchici Cornii, Fluidex- 
tractum Colchici Seminis. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i 
to 30 drops. Of the dried bulb, 1 to 10 grains. Colchicine, r |^ 
grain. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in medium doses 
produces gastro-intestinal irritation, while large doses cause 
purging, vomiting, painful cramps of the limbs and trunks, 
with collapse, delirium, coma and death. The kidneys are 
congested and the amount of urine decreased. There are 
gnawing, dragging pains in the joints, which are accompanied 
with a profuse acid perspiration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those of robust constitution, 
who suffer from rheumatic and gouty diathesis, and in dis- 
eases of the aged. 

It is of service in cholera morbus and cholera when the 
stomach feels cold, there is nausea, cramps, prostration; also 
in the autumnal dysentery when there is great distension of 
the abdomen. The stools are bloody, contain white shreddy 
particles and there is violent tenesmus. It is useful in rheu- 
matic and gouty conditions when the patient screams out 
upon touching the affected part. The limbs are weak, stiff 
and feverish. The pains shift from point to point and are 
worse at night. There is gout of the great toe and heel so that 
he cannot endure to have them touched. 

It should be studied when the internal organs show gouty 
involvement and effusions, as in pericarditis. The kidneys 
are affected, the urine is dark, scanty, suppressed or bloody, 
and may contain albumen. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Arnica montana, Urtica 
urens. 



226 Blackwood's materia medica. 

COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,abiatae. Common Name, 
Stone root. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture from the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the tincture, T|\ j-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent stimulates the 
stomach, causes diuresis and produces a congestion of the 
venous radicles, which ismostpronouncedinthe pelvic organs. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is most frequently indicated in cases where 
there are hemorrhoids and constipation with a sensation of 
fulness as from a foreign body in the rectum. There is also 
general deficiency of the venous circulation. The haemor- 
rhoids are of recent origin; they, as well as the surrounding 
membranes, are of a dark bluish color, and are associated with 
constipation. While it is highly serviceable in all cases of 
haemorrhoids of recent origin that are associated with constipa- 
tion and flatulence, it is especially "Indicated in those cases 
that are observed during the latter months of pregnancy and 
appearing as a sequella of pregnancy. The piles are often 
painful, may bleed, and may be chronic in character. At 
times diarrhoea alternates with constipation. In other cases 
there is a hemorrhoidal dysentery with tenesmus, the rectum 
feeling as though it were packed with sand. In the pruritus 
that at times becomes very annoying during pregnancy it is 
indicated when the constipation and rectal symptoms calling 
for it are present. 

It should be studied in cases of catarrhal gastritis, when 
there are indications of a defective venous circulation, also in 
cases of chronic pharyngitis and laryngitis, when the mucous 
membranes of the parts are relaxed, are of a dark color and 
show indications of an enfeebled circulation. 

It has been employed extensively in palpitation of the 
heart, and dropsy from cardiac disease, when they are asso- 
ciated with venous congestions, and especially of the hemor- 
rhoidal vessels. 









COI.OCYNTHIS. 227 

It relieves cases of chronic catarrhal cystitis; also dysmenor- 
rhea, amenorrhea, and prolapsus of the uterus when asso- 
ciated with, or secondary to, rectal congestion and constipation. 

Compare. — JEsculus hippo castanum, Dioscorea villosa. 
Hamamelis Virginica. 

OOLOOYNTHIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cucurbitacese. Common 
Name, Bitter apple. Habitat, Northern Africa. Its active 
principle is Colocynthin. Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother 
tincture from the dried fruit, freed from the outer rind and 
seed; and dilutions. U. S. P., Colocynthis, Extractum Col- 
ocynthidis. Dosage. — The mother tincture may be given 
from i to 5 drops; of the extract, gr. J^-ij. 

Physiological Action. — Thisagent acts as a hydragogue 
cathartic, with violent emesis, and bloody stools that are at- 
tended with severe, griping pains. There are neuralgic pains 
of the trigeminus, the solar plexus, and the lumbar and fem- 
oral nerves. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cholera morbus and diarrhoea 
when attended with severe, agonizing, twisting pains about 
the umbilicus, which cause the patient to bend double and 
press firmly upon the abdomen. The pains are more severe 
every few minutes, are worse from partaking of food or drink, 
with temporary relief from a discharge of flatus and stool. 

In neuralgia it is of service. This ma}- be confined to the 
trigeminus when there is toothache and hemicrania, but the 
sciatic and crural nerves are the most frequently affected, as 
in sciatica when there are cramping pains in the hip as though 
it was being screwed together. The pains are shooting, and 
extend like lightning shocks down the whole left limb to the 
popliteal fossa. 

It should be studied in ovarian neuralgia when the pains 
come and go, are sharp and relieved by bending double. It 



228 Blackwood's materia medica. 

should be remembered in the ill effects of anger and indigna- 
tion, when these are attended with diarrhoea, vomiting and 
colic. 

Gom.x>a>re.—Mercurius, Magnesia phosphorica, Gnaph- 
alium. 



OOMMOOLADIA DBNTATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Anacardiaceae. Common 
Name, Guao. Habitat, Cuba. Preparations.— Mother tinc- 
ture from the fresh bark; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, *4 to 2 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in ciliary neuralgia of the right 
eye, which feels large as if protruding. The pain is worse 
near a warm stove. 

It is of service in leprosy and erysipelas. 

OONDURANGO. 

Description. — Natural Order, Asclepiadaceae. Common 
Name, Condor vine. Habitat, South America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the dried bark; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in carcinoma, especially of the 
stomach, and in gastric ulcers, with catarrhal gastritis, aton- 
icity and threatened ulceration. It is of benefit in cases of 
syphilis when there is congestion of the mucous membrane of 
the nose and frontal sinuses, with pimples and pustules over 
the body, which may leave brown spots. 

Compare. — Hydrastis Canadensis, Mercurius iodatus 
flavus. 



CONIUM MACUIvATUM. 229 

CONIUM MAOULATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferse. Common 
Xante, Poison hemlock. Habitat, Europe, but naturalized in 
United States. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture 
from the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. U. S. P., Conium, 
Fluidextractum Conii. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, TT[ 
ij-x; of fluidextract, TTL ij~ v U P to TT|_ xl. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the motor 
nerves, producing paralysis, which begins in the extremities. 
There is congestion and induration of the glandular structures. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the diseases of old men, old 
maids, and in persons with light hair who are easily excited, 
and those with rigid fibres. 

It is of service in glandular indurations when they are as 
hard as a stone, and especially if this induration is traceable to 
an injury or contusion; also in tumors and engorgement of the 
female breast. These tumors may only appear during the 
menstrual period. 

It should be remembered for the pernicious effects of celib- 
acy, as well as over-indulgence; when there is hypochondri- 
asis, mental depression, timidity, aversion to society, and 
dread of being alone. 

It is useful in tracheobronchial catarrh when the cough is 
spasmodic, and appears to be dependent upon a dry spot in the 
larynx or from itching in the throat or chest. It is worse at 
night when lying down and during pregnancy. It has been 
employed in cancer of various parts when the growth is of a 
stony hardness; with sharp, lancinating pains. 

In vertigo it is of service when the patient is unable to turn 
the head to either side. 

It is useful in paresis and paralysis that extends from below 
upward, gradually involving new structures. There is giddi- 
ness, with debility and prostration, especially of the arms and 
legs. When walking he staggers as though drunk. 

Compare. — Gelsemium, Curare, Iodine, Hydrastis, 
Baryta, 



230 Blackwood's materia medica. 

CONVALLARIA MAJALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, I/iliaceae. Common 
Name, Lily of the Valley. Habitat, Siberia and Europe. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture from the entire 
fresh plant; and dilutions. U. S. P., Convallaria, Fluidex- 
tractum Convallarise Dosage.— Of the mother tincture, 2 to 
20 drops; of the nuidextract, Tit ij-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the heart 
and upon the gastro-intestinal tract, producing emesis and 
purging. At first it shows the contractions of the heart, while 
later the cardiac pulsations are quickened and the arterial 
pressure further increased. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in organic weakness of the heart, 
with valvular inefficiency, and dropsical infiltration. There 
may be soreness in the uterine region accompanied by palpi- 
tation of the heart. -j 

It should be studied when the heart's action is rapid, the 
pulse feeble and irregular, both in rhythm and force; with a 
condition of dropsy present. 

It is of service in rheumatic carditis and endocarditis 
when there is a sensation as if the heart beat throughout the 
chest, with extreme orthopncea, and at times anginal pains. 
It is of service in cardiac paresis when attended with palpita- 
tion, in mitral stenosis and insufficiency when accompanied by 
a failing compensation, resulting in pulmonary congestion 
and dyspnoea. It assists in controlling cardiac dilatation 
with or without hypertrophy. It affords great relief to those 
suffering from tobacco heart and from cigarette smoking, also 
in hearts that have been overstrained. 

It relieves the asthmatic breathing that is dependent upon a 
feeble heart's action. It has a most favorable action in restor- 
ing the right heart, following pulmonary congestions and in- 
flammation. 

Compare. — Cratcegus, Digitalis, Adonis vernalis, 
Lillium tigrinum, 



COPAIBA. 23I 



COPAIBA. 



Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosae. Common 
Name, Balsam of Copaiba. Habitat, South America. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the balsam; and di- 
lutions. U. S. P., Copaiba, Massa Copaiba. Dosage. — 
Of the pure balsam, 5 to 60 drops; of the mass, Tit x-^j. 

Physiological Action. — This agent applied to the skin 
is mildly irritating; when taken internally it produces a 
warmth in the stomach, causes offensive eructations and may 
excite nausea and vomiting. It deranges the appetite and 
produces diarrhoea. 

Its special action is on the mucous membrane of the genito- 
urinary tract, producing inflammation of the kidneys, with 
bloody urine, pain in bladder, strangury, and an increase of 
the secretions. It is a powerful diuretic, being eliminated by 
the kidneys, bronchial mucous membrane and skin. A rash 
frequently appears while it is being taken. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic catarrhal affections; 
in gonorrhoea when the acute symptoms have subsided; in 
gleet and chronic urethritis when there is burning along the 
urethra and in the region of the prostate, especially upon uri- 
nating. The testicles may be swollen; the urine has the odor 
of violets and may contain blood; the infection may have ex- 
tended to the bladder and a cystitis resulted; the urine is 
scanty, its passage being attended with pain. It is frequently 
the most serviceable remedy in the irritation of the neck of the 
bladder and urethra in aged women. 

It should be studied in chronic bronchitis, bronchial catarrh 
and bronchorrhcea when attended with a profuse, greenish- 
gray, offensive expectoration. It relieves a mucous colitis 
when the stools are covered with mucus; this is most pro- 
nounced during the morning and evening, the passage being 
attended with colic and chilliness. Some of these cases are 



232 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

complicated by acne, urticaria and erythema, with violent 
itching. • This is frequently observed following the ingestion 
of lobster and other rich foods. 

Compare. — Cantharis, Cannabis saliva, Terebinthina. 

CORALLIUM RUBRUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Red coral. This is the 
skeleton of the coral zoophyte of the Family Gorgonideae. 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Trit- 
urations, ix to 6x; higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the respira- 
tory tract, producing difficult breathing, catarrh and a spas- 
modic cough. It produces' irritation and ulceration of the skin 
and glandular system. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated during spasmodic paroxysms of 
whooping-cough, and in nervous coughs when the cough is 
short, hacking and continuous. It is so constant that it has 
been termed the "minute-gun cough; 11 while the paroxysms 
are more severe at night, there is no whooping at night. It 
should also be remembered in laryngismus stridulus, and in 
asthma when the respirations are difficult and attended with 
a spasmodic cough. 

It should be studied in post-nasal catarrh, where it relieves 
many cases. 

It is useful in chancre and chancroids when the ulcer is red, 
sensitive and flat. 

Compare — Drosera, Nitric acid, Hyoscyamus, Atropine. 

OORNUS ALTBRNIFOLIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cornaceae. Common 
Name, Alternate-leaved dogwood. Habitat, United States. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture prepared from the fresh 
bark; and dilutions. Dosage. — The tincture may be given 
up to 30 drops. 



CORNUS FLORIDA. 233 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy produces a tired, exhausted condition, with a 
sensation of coldness in the chest, and eczema on various por- 
tions of the body. 

CORNUS CIRCINATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cornaceae. Common 
Name, Round-leaved dogwood. Habitat, United States. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture from the fresh bark; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 2 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of chronic malaria when 
the liver is congested and a condition of jaundice is present. 
There is indigestion with nausea and aversion to food; the ab- 
domen is distended and the pit of the stomach is painful upon 
pressure; there is diarrhoea, the stools are dark, bilious and 
accompanied with much flatus. 

Compare. — Cinchona officinalis, Chelidonium majus. 

CORNUS FLORIDA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cornaceae. Common 
Name, Dogwood. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture prepared from the fresh bark; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of malaria that have not 
been relieved by Quinine. There is pronounced prostration, 
with a general, clammy perspiration; the stomach is deranged, 
the food is not digested, and there is acidity of the stomach; 
there are neuralgic pains of various portions of the body, and 
a headache that is dependent upon an excess of Quinine; the 
pulse is weak, the tissues relaxed and feeble, and the tempera- 
ture is subnormal. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Natrum muriaticum, 
Alstonia scholar is. 
16 



234 Blackwood's materia medica. 



CORYDALIS FORMOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fumariacese. Common 
Name, Turkey corn. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — The tincture may be given up to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in syphilitic affections and gumma 
ulcers of the mouth and fauces of a syphilitic origin. 

Compare. — Mercurius, Aurum metallicum, Kali hydri- 
odicum. 

COTO. 

Description. — The bark of an undetermined tree of South 
America. It contains an acrid principle of a yellow color, 
named Cotoin. Dosage. — Of the bark, gr. j-xv; of the cotoin, 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in intestinal catarrh, diarrhoea, 
dysentery, and in the colliquative sweats of phthisis. It has an 
especially favorable influence in the exhausting diarrhoea that 
attends chronic tubercular processes. 

Compare. — Mercurius corrosivus, Arsenicum album, 
Kali phosphoricum. 

COTYLEDON. 

Description. — Natural Order, Crassulaceae. Synonyms, 
Cotyledon umbilicus, Navelwort. Habitat, Kurope. Prep- 
arations.— Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, Tit v-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in epilepsy, in catarrhal 
states of the larynx and trachea, in hysterical joints, and in 
neuralgic pains extending from the left nipple to the scapula. 

Compare. — Argentum nitricum. 



CRATAEGUS OXYACANTHA. 235 



CRATAEGUS OXYACANTHA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosaceae. Common Name, 
English hawthorne. Habitat, Europe and Asia. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture prepared from the ripe berries; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 2 to 15 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the heart 
as a restorative tonic, produces a quieting and strengthening 
influence, and imparts tone and force to the cardiac contrac- 
tions. "It is solvent and absorptive to the disease accumula- 
tions, and tonic and stimulative to its nutritive nerve supply." 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It should be remembered in all cases of failing compensa- 
tion with dilatation of the heart; also, vol fatty hearts where it 
frequently gives relief when Digitalis and the other cardiac 
stimulants have failed. The patient is gloomy, despondent, 
apprehensive; there is great pallor of the skin, with a rush of 
blood to the head; there is dyspnoea with extreme and irregu- 
lar breathing, which is aggravated by moving about. 

It is of service in dilatation of the heart, the first sound 
being absent, weak, prolonged or replaced by a murmur; the 
pulse is accelerated, often intermittent, and irregular. It is 
useful in angina pectoris when there is sudden and terrible 
pain in the left breast, the pain radiating over the heart and 
down the left arm, accompanied with fear, apprehension and a 
sense of impending calamity. It is also of value in cardiac 
hypertrophy, in failing or broken compensation, and threatened 
heart failure during acute diseases. It acts favorably in func- 
tional diseases of the heart, palpitation and tachycardia when 
dependent upon anaemia. It should be studied in renal 
hyperemia when the urine is diminished in quantity, contains 
traces of albumen and an excess of phosphates. The extrem- 
ities are cold, cedematous, and evidences of general anasarca 
may be present. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Adonis vernalis, Strophanti} us his- 
pidus. 



236 Blackwood's materia medica. 



CROCUS SATIVUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iridaceae. Common Name, 
Saffron. Habitat, Asia Minor. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture prepared from the dried stigmas of the flowers; 
and dilutions. Dosage — Of the mother tincture, TTL v-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in small doses so ex- 
hilarates the spirits that the subject ascends to the heights of 
happiness, while presently they are in the deepest rage. 
There is a sensation as of a gauze before the eyes. It pro- 
duces venous congestion with a passive haemorrhage, the 
blood is dark, clotted and stringy. L,arge doses induce head- 
ache, intoxication, delirium and stupor; doses of from two to 
three drachms have resulted in death. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is a sensation as of 
something alive and moving about in the abdomen; in hemor- 
rhages from the uterus when the" blood is dark, tarry and 
clotted in strings. It should be studied in cases of hysteria, 
when the above symptoms are present, together with change- 
ableness of the mental symptoms, at one time excessively 
happy and affectionate, followed by rage; or from the great- 
est hilarity to the deepest despondency. 

It is of service in hemorrhages from any orifice of the 
body, when the blood is black, clotted and stringy. Women 
often present such a condition during the climacteric period, 
associated with headache, of a throbbing and pulsating na- 
ture, which may precede, accompany, or follow the flow. 

It has relieved chorea and spasmodic twitching of the single 
set of muscles. 

Compare. — Sabina, Ustilago, Ipecacuanha, Trillium. 

CROTALUS HORRIDTJS. 

Description. — Common Name, Rattlesnake. This ser- 
pent of the Order Ophidia, and Family Crotalidae, is fre- 
quently found in the United States, both in the north and in 



CROTON TIGLIUM. 237 

the south. Preparations. — The venom extracted from the 
poison glands is triturated up to the I2x; dilutions from the 
6x trituration. Dosage. — Triturations, 6x to I2x, and dilu- 
tions from the 6th up. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when introduced 
into the system at once produces an increase in the pulse 
rate which may rise to 15c. There is soon a slowing to 75 and 
again a rise to ico. During this time there are pains in the 
chest, throat and limbs, there are flashes of heat over the body 
which are speedily followed by sensations of cold chills. The 
tissues about a wound become cedematous, the skin changes 
to a red color, while later it is of a purple hue. There is great 
muscular debility and a gradually developing state of coma. 
The blood is .rapidly decomposed and will not coagulate. 
There are haemorrhages from all the orifices of the body, the 
finger and toe nails become discolored and blood flows under- 
neath them. There is a bloody greenish froth upon the lips, 
and death ensues. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in adynamic conditions that are 
characterized by a hemorrhagic tendency. There is great 
prostration, with low delirium, and the vomiting of bile and 
blood and haemorrhages from any or all of the orifices. 

It is of service in the severe types of the infectious diseases 
when there are hemorrhages and a tendency to malignancy. 
In yellozu fever it stands without a peer in actual clinical 
work, as it meets the symptoms of this disease in all its stages. 
It is useful in pyemia and septicemia, and all forms of blood 
poisoning and septic conditions, as well as in purpura hemor- 
rhagica and where there is a tendency to gangrene. 

Compare. — Arsenicum, Car do vegetabilis, Lachesis, Naja, 

CROTON TIGUXTM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiaceae. Syn- 
onyms, Oleum Tiglii, Croton oil. Habitat, Bast India. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the pure 
croton oil; and dilutions. U. S. P., Oleum Tiglii. Dosage. — 
Of the oil, 1 to 6 drops. 



238 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin causes irritation, inflammation, and a papular eruption 
which later becomes pustular. When taken internally it pro- 
duces a congestion of the gastro-intestinal tract with copious 
watery stools, and peritonitis and death may result. There is 
hypersemia of the glandular systems, and eruptions of the 
skin. 






THERAPEUTICS. 



>ve- 



This remedy is indicated in choleric diarrhoea. The mov 
ments are forcible, "coming out like a shot" or as water 
from a hydrant. The movements are worse from eating and 
drinking. The stools consists of a yellow watery material and 
between the stools there is a constant urging. 

It should be remembered in eczema of the face and ex- 
ternal genitals, when attended with intense itching, but ow- 
ing to the tenderness the patient is unable to scratch the 
parts, gentle rubbing, however, relieving it. 

It is of service in nursing women when the breast becomes 
tender, a pain extending from the nipple to the shoulder 
blade when the child nurses. 

Compare. — Kali bichromicum, Phosphorus, Silicea. 

CUBEBA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Piperaceae. Common 
Name, Cubebs. Habitat, Java, Borneo and other islands of 
the Indian ocean. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tinc- 
ture of the dried berries; and dilutions. U. S. P., Cubeba, 
Fluidextractum Cubebae Oleoresina Cubebas. . Dosage. — Of 
the fluidextract, Tit v-xxx; of the mother tincture, TTL x_ 3iiJ5 
of the oleoresin, TTL v-xxx. 

Physiolog'ical Action.— This agent acts upon the in- 
testinal tract, and in excessive doses produces nausea, vomit- 
ing, griping pains and purging. The mucous membrane of 
the urinary tract is irritated as well as that of the nose and 
throat. 



CUI,EX. 239 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in urethritis, catarrh of the 
respiratory passages and in dysentery. In urethritis when 
the acute stage is passed and there is a chronic state present. 
There are cutting pains upon urinating, and the urine may 
contain blood. It is useful in prostatitis with a thick yellow 
discharge and cystitis with nocturnal enuresis, or spermator- 
rhoea, and in the leucorrhoea of children; also in urethro- 
vaginitis of long standing with abundant discharge. 

There may be a catarrhal condition of the nose and throat, 
with foetid odor and expectoration and rawness. 

In dysentery it has been of service when the stools are 
colorless and are mingled with particles like rice. 

Compare. — Pulsatilla, Hydrastis, Mercurius corrosivus. 

CTJCURBITA PBPO SEMEN. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cucurbitaceae. Common 
Xaine, Pumpkin. Habitat, the Levant. Preparations. — 
The mother tincture is prepared from the fresh seed. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the vomiting of pregnancy and 
in sea-sickness. The nausea is intense immediately after 
eating. 

The seeds have long been recognized as an efficient remedy 
for the removal of tape-worm. One ounce of the pulp of the 
seeds should be taken after twelve hours of fasting. 

Compare. — Pelleterine, the alkaloid of Pomegranite. 

CULEX. 

Description. — The Culex is a genus of dipterous insects, 
found in nearly all countries, constituting one variety of 
mosquito. Preparations. — For medicinal use the live in- 
sects are put into alcohol, and the dilutions run up from this. 
Dosage. — Dilutions from the 6th to the 30th and higher. 



240 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy has been employed for the relief of vertigo 
appearing when the nose is blown. There is a sensation of 
fulness of the ears at the same time. 



CUPHEA VISCOSISSIMA. 

Description. — Natural Order, lyithracese. Common 
Name, Wax-week. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture from the fresh plant; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of cholera infantum aris- 
ing from acidity of the milk, or food. There is vomiting of 
undigested food or milk with green, watery, acid stools. The 
child is fretful and feverish. There may be traces of blood in 
the stools with tenesmus and great pain, high fever, restless- 
ness and insomnia. 

Compare. — ALthusa cynapium. 

CUPRUM ACETICUM. 

Description. — Acetate of copper comes in opaque crystals 
of a dark bluish-green color. Preparations. — Triturations, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. \-\. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those whose skin is of a dirty, 
tawny, yellowish or greenish color. The tongue is broad, un- 
coated and pale. The mucous membranes are anaemic. The 
pulse is rapid but small and compressible. If the bowels are 
constipated the discharge is colorless; if there is diarrhoea, it 
resembles rice water. 

It should be remembered in anczmia and chlorosis when 
the tissues are soft and doughy. 

It is of service in whooping cough, and violent spasmodic 









CUPRUM ARSENICUM. 241 

cough; there is a spasmodic constriction of the chest, with 
short difficult respiration and dyspnoea. 

It is of service in cholera morbus and cholera when there 
are violent spasmodic cramps in the stomach and abdomen. 
The stool is brown and slimy, and is attended with violent 
tenesmus. The skin is covered with a leprous-like eruption. 

Compare. — Cuprum metallicum, Veratrum album, Cam- 
phor. 

CUPRUM ARSENICUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Cupric Arsenite, Arsenite 
of copper. It is a light green powder. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. 
1 

12 0' 

Physiological Action. — This agent in from t ±q to ^ °^ 
a grain daily in broken doses is a gastro-intestinal irritant, 
stimulates the flow of the gastric and intestinal juices, increases 
the peristalsis and improves the digestive and nutritive func- 
tion. In medium doses its action is on the gastro-intestinal 
tract to a great measure and produces nausea with vomiting 
with profuse evacuations of the bowels. There is distress in 
the epigastrium which is characterized by remittent exacerba- 
tions, burning and weight which simulates neuralgia of the 
abdominal viscera. The epigastrium is sensitive to pressure. 
When large doses are taken there is excessive nausea with 
vomiting, purging and sensitiveness over the epigastrium. If 
continued a relaxation and an increased permeability of the 
walls of the capillaries in the splanchnic area takes place, giv- 
ing rise to a gastro-enteritis which closely resembles cholera. 
The epigastric and abdominal region are distended, tympanitic, 
and extremely sensitive; there are cramps in the extremities 
which extend even to the fingers and toes. The patient passes 
into a state of semi-consciousness. The lungs are hypergemic 
and cedematous. The urine is partially suppressed, contains 
albumen and epithelia. The urea is diminished and the phos- 
phates are absent. The tongue is dry and shows a red streak 
down the centre. 



242 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in disease of the gastro-intestinal 
tract, in defective elimination of the kidneys, and in neurotic 
affections. Cases in which there is a profuse diarrhoea with 
violent vomiting of large quantities of watery material which 
is accompanied by sharp cutting colicky pains. The stools 
are usually offensive and tinged with green. 

It should be remembered in entero-colitis, cholera infantum 
and in the diarrhoea of childhood when the stools are watery, 
offensive, and of a greenish color, and are attended with 
spasmodic pains and cramps in the extremities causing the pa- 
tient to scream out. It is frequently of service in cases of 
dysentery and typhoid fevers when the gastric and abdominal 
symptoms correspond. 

It should be remembered in acute catarrhal enteritis and 
cholera morbus when the pains are excruciating and the above 
symptoms are present. 

It is to be remembere.d in the gastralgia, enteralgia and 
nervous dyspepsia of neurotic subjects. There is frequently a 
history of an improper diet. The pains are excruciating in 
character. 

In the gastro-intestinal symptoms of phthisis it frequently 
controls the nausea, vomiting, cramps and diarrhoea resulting 
from indigestion. Through its action upon the cells of the 
mucous membrane of the intestine it assists absorption and in 
this manner has been of service in marasmus. 

In bronchial asthma and the asthma that accompanies em- 
physema in neurotic subjects it should be remembered. While 
the distress is constant, it is subject to periods of aggravation. 
It will be of service in the class of subjects when hay-fever is 
the diagnosis. 

It should be studied in cases of acute uraemia, when it will 
relieve the convulsions, and in acute diffuse nephritis, when 
there are indications of oedema of the gastro-intestinal mucous 
membrane, and the urine is greatly decreased in quantity or 
wholly suppressed. This may be dependent upon exposure to 
cold or to an embarrassed activity of the skin following exten- 
sive burns. 



CUPRUM METAUylCUM. 243 

In these cases a two-grain powder of the third decimal 
every half hour to every hour will be of service. 

In the chronic type of uraemia when the urea is low and the 
patient suffers from the effects of its retention its administra- 
tion for a time will frequently bring the urea up to normal. 

In delirium and tremor cordis it is frequently of service. 
There are pronounced variations of both the cardiac rhythm 
and force, without any abnormal findings from percussion or 
auscultation. If the urine is observed for a time, defective 
elimination will be found. 

It should be studied in cases of neuralgia of the abdominal 
viscera. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Cantharis , Cuprum. 

CUPRUM METALLICUM. 

Description. — Copper is one of the elementary metals. 
In Homoeopathy it is used in the form of a fine, red powder 
reduced from the oxide by hydrogen. Preparations. — Trit- 
urations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, ix to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a burning 
and constriction in the throat, an increased flow of saliva, 
burning in the region of the stomach with griping, colicky 
pains in the intestines, nausea and vomiting, and all the evi- 
dences of a gastro-enteritis. The discharges from the bowels 
are dysenteric in character and attended with tenesmus; the 
liver shows granular degeneration, while the kidneys are con- 
gested; the urine is diminished and contains epithelial cells; 
there are headaches, convulsions, muscular tremors, defective 
coordination and paresis. The post-mortem reveals inflamma- 
tion, ulceration and even perforation of the duodenum and 
small intestines. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in neurotic, chlorotic and gastro- 
intestinal diseases when the patient is worse at night and from 
vomiting, and is relieved from drinking cold water and from 
perspiring. 



244 Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is of service in g astro -enteritis when there are severe 
cramps and pains in the stomach and bowels. The abdomen is 
tense, hot and tender to the touch; there is nausea, vomiting 
and a copious, green diarrhoea. It is also of service in Asiatic 
cholera when there is convulsive vomiting, with a tendency to 
collapse and profuse choleric stools. There are severe spas- 
modic cramps in the stomach and abdomen. 

It is useful in cholera infantum and diarrhoea when the 
eyes are sunken with blue rings around them, with coldness 
and blueness of the surfaces, with violent cramps in the legs 
and feet. 

It should be remembered in whooping-cough when the 
paroxysms are severe. There is great dyspnoea, suffocation, 
cyanosis and vomiting of mucus. A swallow T of cold water 
brings relief. 

It is useful in amyotrophic lateral spinal sclerosis and 
paralysis of the brain when there is vomiting and spasms with 
general coldness and blueness of the lips, dependent upon the 
retrocession of an acute eruption. -; 

It should be studied in urcemic convulsions when attended 
with loquacious delirium, followed by apathy, cold tongue, 
cold breath and collapse. The urine is dark red and suppressed. 

Compare. — Arsenicum, Camphora, Plumbum, Veratrum 
album. 

CURARE. 

Description. — Synonym, Wourari. An arrow poison pre- 
pared by the savages of South America, and is of indefinite 
origin. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the pure poison, maximum dose, y 2 grain. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is depression of the 
motor nervous structures. In the nervous debility of the aged, 
numbness of the arms as if a weight was hung to them. It is 
of service in the paralysis of respiration, the breath stopping 
on falling asleep. 



CYPRIPEBIUM PUBESCKNS. 245 

Paralytic dyspnoea and pulmonary emphysema are also bene- 
fitted by its use. It has rendered some service in leprosy when 
the skin presents a dirty appearance. The blood oozes from 
the skin. 

There are tubercles on the nose, with loss of the hair and 
teeth, and swelling of the lobes of the ear with discharges of 
pus. 

Compare. — Conium, Gelsemium, Causticum. 

CYCLAMEN. 

Description. — Natural Order, Primulaceae. Common 
Xante, Sow-bread. Habitat, Southern Europe. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture from the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are ancemic and 
chlorotic. It has many things in common with Pulsatilla. 
The patient suffers from vertigo, things appear to turn in a 
circle, with flickering before the eyes; she is depressed, weeps 
and desires to be alone. 

The catarrhal discharges are thick and bland, there is 
gastric derangement, fat foods aggravate, there is thirst with a 
salty taste of food. 

It is indicated in membranous dys))ienorrhoea; the menses 
are profuse and black, clotted and membranous, with labor- like 
pains in the back. It is also of service in post-part um hemor- 
rhages with colicky, bearing-down pains, which are relieved 
after a gush of blood. 

Compare. — Pulsatilla, Ferrum metallicum, Chinchona 
officinalis. 

CYPRIPEDIUM PUBESCENS. 

Description. — ■ Natural Order, Orchideae. Common 
Name, Lady's-slipper. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilu- 



246 Blackwood's materia medica. 

tions. U. S. P., Cyclamen, Fluidextractum Cypripedii. 
Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, TU x-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in despondency , in mild cases of 
delirium tremens, debility, sleeplessness, reflex epilepsy, and 
in cases of spermatorrhoea when this mental condition is pres- 
ent. There is profound indifference to everything, even to 
his studies, duties and common courtesies of life; inability to 
study, think or listen to lectures. 

It is useful in reflex convulsions occurring in children of 
an excitable, nervous temperament, or where there is func- 
tional irritation of the brain, which renders the child sleepless, 
even at night. The child's disposition is very changeable, 
being playful at one moment and irritable and fretful the next. 
It should be thought of in cases of teething or of intestinal 
irritation. 

There is sleeplessness, with restlessness of the body and 
twitching of the limbs; she desires to^talk, pleasant ideas con- 
stantly crowding on the mind. 

Compare. — Scutellaria, Valeriana, Ignatia. 

DAMIANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Turneraceae. Common 
Name, Damiana. Habitat, tropical America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture from the dried leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — The tincture may be taken up to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sexual impotency, sexual 
neurasthenia, and the frigidity of females. It is said to be an 
emmenagogue. 

It is a general tonic and has a favorable influence upon 
renal and cystic catarrh. 



DIGITALIS. 247 



DAPHNE INDICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Thymelaceae. Synonyms, 
Daphne odora, Sweet-scented spurge laurel. Habitat, 
West Indies and China. Preparations. — Mother tincture 
from the fresh bark; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tinc- 
ture,! to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of mercurio-syphilitica 
affections where the muscles, bones, and skin are involved. 
The head feels distended as if it would burst, or as if it were 
separated from the body. There are rheumatic pains in the 
feet, thighs, and knees which shift from place to place. 

Compare. — Mezereum, Anriim metallicnm. 

DIGITALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Scrophularineae. Syn- 
onyms, Digitalis purpurea, Foxglove. Habitat, Europe. It 
contains five or more active principles of which Digitalin and 
Digitoxin are the most important. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture from the fresh leaves; and dilutions. £/. S. 
P. , Digitalis, Kxtractum Digitalis, Fluidextractum Digitalis, 
Infusum Digitalis, Tinctura Digitalis. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, 1 to 10 drops; of the powdered leaves, gr. ss- 
ij; of the fluidextract, gr. ss-ij; of the infusion, \ to 1 fluid- 
ounce; Digitalis verum, gr. 3 Jo "2k; Digitoxin, gr. ^io- 

Physiological Action. — This agent in small doses causes 
the pulse to beat stronger, firmer and slower; as a result of 
this the arterial tension is increased which is due to the con- 
traction of the muscular walls of the arteries and arterioles. 
Large doses act as an irritant to the gastro-intestinal tract, and 
induce nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. The arterial tension 
is greatly increased while the pulse becomes markedly ac- 
celerated. Toxic doses produce a very rapid, irregular, soft, 
compressible pulse. The arterial tension is now lowered. 



248 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Under these doses the respirations are slowed. The urine is 
increased, and with the exception of urea and uric acid, the 
excretion of the solids is greatly augmented. Toxic symp- 
toms are the result of its prolonged administration and its ac- 
cumulative effect. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the heart is diseased, the 
pulse is slow, irregular and intermittent, and the least move- 
ment produces violent palpitation of the heart. There is ex- 
haustion, faintness, extreme prostration, and a sensation as 
though he were dying. 

It is useful when the hearts dilated and its action is irregu- 
lar and the pulse is slow and feeble. The veins are distended 
and accompanied by general lividity. 

It is of service in cardiac dropsy. The patient cannot lie 
down, and is obliged to sit up. The jugular veins are dis- 
tended, the face is livid, and a loose cough predominates. The 
urine is scanty and contains albumen. There is a general 
anasarca. The left heart is dilated. There is usually a mitral 
regurgitation, and often the aortic valve is involved. The 
heart is weakened and he fears it will stop beating if he moves. 

It is to be studied in interstitial pneumonia, and chronic 
bronchitis, when these conditions are accompanied by a gen- 
eral anasarca, a loose rattling cough, difficult breathing, and 
dilatation of the heart. 

It should be remembered in passive congestions that are de- 
pendent upon general weakness and cardiac failure. There 
is blueness of the skin, eyelids, lips, and tongue. 

It is useful in the jaundice that is associated with passive 
congestion of the liver dependent upon heart disease. The 
stools are light colored, the liver is enlarged, sore, and feels 
bruised. The urine is scanty and high colored and shows the 
presence of bile pigment. 

It is indicated in renal congestion, nephritis, and post- 
scarlatinal dropsy. The urine is suppressed. It is often bene- 
ficial in nocturnal emissions, when there is great weakness of 
the genital organs and mental despondency. In this condition 



DIPHTHERINUM. 249 

one grain of the third decimal of Digitaline given every second 
morning is usually sufficient. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Kalmia latifolia, Tartar 
emetic, Lobelia, Strophanthus. 



DIOSCORBA VILLOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Dioscoreacese. Common 
Name, Wild yam. Ha bitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture from the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the mother tincture, 5 to 60 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts through the 
spinal nerves and abdominal sympathetic producing an intense 
neurosis of the bowels characterized by severe neuralgic pains. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in bilious colic, and in the pain 
that attends the passing of gall-stones. The pain is griping, 
violent, twisting in character as if the parts were grasped by a 
hand, occurring at regular intervals. The pain is made 
worse by bending forward and lying down, and is relieved by 
standing up and bending backward. It is also of service in 
cholera morbus, cholera infantum, neuralgic dysmenorrhoea, 
and ovarian neuralgia when the characteristic pain is present. 

It is also of service in seminal emissions, accompanying 
lustful dreams of women. The knees are weak, the genitals 
are cold and relaxed and the mental state is one of great 
despondency. 

Compare. — Colocynthis, Podophyllin. 

DIPHTHERINUM. 

Description.— A Nosode. " A toxin produced by the 
Klebs-L,oeffier bacillus." It is triturated to the 6x from which 
the dilutions are run up. Dosage. — Dilutions from the 6th 
up. 

17 



250 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is adapted to scrofulous subjects, who suffer 
from catarrhal affections of the respiratory organs. In diph- 
theria of a malignant type when the glands are enlarged and 
tender, and the tongue is red and swollen. The discharges 
are offensive. There is great prostration, epistaxis, and post- 
diphtheritic paralysis is threatened. 

Compare. — Arsenicum io datum, Lachesis, Lycopodium, 
Mercurius cyanatus. 

DOLIOHOS PRURIENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,eguminos3e. Common 
Name, Cowhage. Habitat, tropical regions of India, Africa 
and America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the hair 
which covers the pods; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilution 
2x and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is an intense itching 
over the body without any visible eruption. It relieves the 
itching that attends jaundice. 

It should be studied in cases of pharyngitis when attended 
with pain below the right angle of the jaw as if a splinter were 
in the parts. 

It is of service in constipation when there is an intense 
itching of the skin, a distended abdomen and dark colored 
stools. 

Compare. — Rhus toxicodendron, Belladonna, Hepar sul- 
phuris. 

DORYPHORA. 

Description. — Synonyms, Doryphora decemlineata, Potato 
bug. This is an insect of the Order Coleoptera and Family 
Chrysomelina. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the live 
insects; and dilutions, 0Qsage. — Of the tincture, i to 3 
drops, 



DROSERA ROTUNDIFOLIA. 25 1 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in urethritis. There is difficult 
micturition, the urethra is inflamed and the passage of the 
urine is painful; there is pain in the lumbar region, trembling 
of the extremities and great prostration. 

Compare. — Cantharis, Apis mellifica. 

DROSERA ROTUNDIFOLIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Droseraceae. Common 
Name, Sundew. Habitat, Europe -and America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage.— Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

Physiological Action. —This agent is an antispasmodic, 
sedative and expectorant. Its action is upon the respiratory 
organs, where it produces a dry, irritating, spasmodic cough. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in a spasmodic, explosive cough, 
with dryness of the air passages, and in cases of pertussis when 
the paroxysms of cough follow each other in such rapid succes- 
sion that the patient can hardly breathe. The cough is deep, 
hoarse and worse after midnight. 

It should also be remembered in the cough that accom- 
panies or follows measles; it is deep, hoarse and rasping. For 
the irritating cough of children beginning as soon as their head 
reaches the pillow, it is serviceable; also, for the chronic sore 
throat of clergymen, when there is a rough, scraping, dry sen- 
sation in the fauces. The voice is deep, hoarse, toneless and 
requires much effort to speak. 

It should be remembered in laryngeal phthisis when there 
is rapid emaciation and the laryngeal symptoms of this remedy 
are present. 

Compare, — Naph thalin , Mephitis, 



252 Blackwood's materia medica. 



DUBOISIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Salonaceae. Synonyms, 
Duboisia myoporoides, Cockwood elm. Habitat, Australia. 
It contains a poisonous alkaloid, Duboisine. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture from the dried leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, TTL ij-xx. Duboisine sulphate, 
dose, gr. T J to ^. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This is used as a substitute for Atropine as a mydriatic; it 
antagonizes Muscarine and checks colloquative sweating. It 
has been employed in cases of pharyngitis sicca, with a black, 
stringy mucus; it is said to have a palliative influence over 
exophthalmic goitre. 

DULCAMARA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanaceae. Synonyms, 
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet. Habitat, Europe and Amer- 
ica. Preparations. — Mother tincture from the fresh green 
stem; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 
30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in tonic doses causes 
dyspnoea, tremor, muscular contractions, nausea, vomiting, 
with pain in the joints, a purplish color of the hands and face, 
and a general catarrhal inflammation. It produces enlarge- 
ment of the lymphatic glands and an erythematous eruption 
upon the skin. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal, rheumatic and skin 
affections that are the result of cold, damp weather. The skin 
is delicate and sensitive to eruptions every time the patient is 
exposed to cold. It is also indicated where there is a retroces- 
sion of an eruption as a result of exposure to cold. 

It should be remembered in acute coryza, nasal and bron- 
chial catarrh, asthma and " catching cold " when the result of 



ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA. 253 

exposure; also in growing children suffering from diarrhoea 
and catarrh of the bladder, with milky urine, as a result of 
wading in cold water. In slight subacute attacks of rheuma- 
tism, or any other disease when there is a marked aggravation 
at every change of the weather to damp or cold, this remedy 
should be studied. 

It should be remembered in skin diseases that show this 
tendency to aggravation at every exposure. 

It is useful in mild cases of nymphomania when associated 
with heat, itching and eruptions of the genitals. 

Compare. — Natrum snlphuricum, Rhus toxicodendron, 
Bryonia alba. 

ECHINACEA ANGTJSTTFOLIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, Purple cone-flower. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture made from the entire fresh plant 
in bloom; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, from i to 
10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces warmth and 
tingling of the parts over which it passes. The flow of saliva 
is augmented, and the secretions from the glands in general 
are stimulated, and digestion is improved, defective metabol- 
ism is corrected, and nutrition is improved under its influence. 
Larger doses produce a drowsiness with mental dulness, and 
severe headache. The tongue is coated white, the desire for 
foods is lessened. There is a general lassitude with aching, 
alternate chills and flashes of heat over the body. The skin 
takes on an unhealthy condition. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of blood poison, and septic 
conditions. They may be the result of an auto-infection, de- 
fective elimination or from poisons introduced from without. 

It is indicated in typhoid, septic, and puerperal fevers, when 
there are flashes of heat and chilliness over the back. The 



254 Blackwood's materia medica. 

patient is profoundly prostrated. There is headache with 
periodical flushing of the face. 

It is useful in urcemic poisoning ; the urine is scanty, con- 
tains albumen, and all the symptoms of uraemic poisoning are 
present. 

In diphtheria, stomatitis materna, ulcerated sore throat 
and post-nasal catarrhs, it is used both locally and internally. 

In bed sores, chronic ulcerations, glandular indurations, 
furuncles and carbuncles it is of service both locally and 
internally. 

Compare. — Baptisia, Arsenicum, Rhus toxicodendron, 
Hepar sulphur is, Calcarea sulphurica. 

BLABIS GUINBNSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Palmse. Common Name, 
Oil palm. Habitat, Africa, but is largely cultivated in Brazil 
and Ceylon. Preparations. — Mother tincture from the ripe 
fruit; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 2 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in scleroderma, scleriasis, and 
elephantiasis arabum. The skin is thickened, hardened and 
itches. 

Compare. — Hydrocotyle, Arsenic. 

ELAPS CORALLINTJS. 

Description. — Common Name, Cobra-coral. A snake 
found in Brazil, of the Family Ophidia. Preparations. — 
Triturations of the venom; and dilutions. Dosage. — Tritura- 
tion 6x, and higher in dilution. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is indicated in violent headaches which are 
felt first in the left, then in the right eye, and extend from the 
forehead to the occiput. Also when there are pains in the 
ears with sudden deafness, with roaring and cracking in the 
ears at night. 



EPHEDRA VULGARIS. 255 

It is useful in nasal catarrh and ozcena when there are dry 
plugs and mucus in the nose. There is a cough and haemopty- 
sis. The blood is black and there are severe pains through 
the lung, and a sensation of coldness of the chest. 

Compare. — Lachesis, Colchicum. 

ELATERIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cucurbitaceae. Common 
Name, Squirting cucumber. Habitat, countries bordering on 
the Mediterranean. It contains a neutral principle called 
Elaterinum. Preparations. — Mother tincture from the im- 
mature fruit; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, Til 
aV-i; of Klaterine, ^- T V 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a drastic purgative 
and causes an enormous flow of water and serum from the sur- 
faces that absorb it. There is nausea and vomiting with " rice 
water" evacuations. The respirations are irregular and there 
is weakness and prostration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is indicated in nausea with vomiting of a greenish, 
watery material, which is accompanied by griping, cutting 
pains in the abdomen, and profuse liquid and frothy stools, 
which are often of an olive green color. Its chief use is to 
produce free watery discharges in ascites, anasarca, uraemic, 
and cerebral disorders. While it is the most efficient agent we 
possess for this purpose it must be used wdth great caution in 
the aged and feeble. 

Compare. — Croton tig Hum, Gratiola. 

EPHEDRA VULGARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Gentianae. Common 
Name, Steppe raspberry of Russia.- Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the branches and flowers; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 



256 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is employed in exophthalmic goitre. There 
is a tumultuous action of the heart, and there is a sensation as 
though the eyes were being pushed out. 

Compare. — Lycopus. m 

EPIG-EA REPENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Kricaceae. Common 
Name, Trailing arbutus. Habitat, North America. Prepa- 
rations. — Mother tincture from the fresh leaves; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 40 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of chronic cystitis and in 
those with irritable bladders. The urine contains an excess 
of uric acid, urates, pus and blood. There is dysuria with 
tenesmus following micturition. It renders the urine less 
irritating, and in this way relieves the dysuria, vesical tenes- 
mus and strangury. A discharge of bloody mucus and pus 
with the urine is an indication for its use. 

Compare. — Uva ursi, Chimaphila, Pareira. 

EPIPHEG-US VIRQINIANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Orobanchaceae. Common 
Name, Beech drops. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an astringent and 
as such it has been employed in haemorrhages from the bowels, 
uterus, and in diarrhoea. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of nervous, sick or neu- 
rasthenic headaches that are attended with nausea and general 
lassitude. The pain is worse upon the left side and is 



ERECHTHITES HIERACIFOEIA. 257 

described as a pressing in the temple; it is attended with a 
constant desire to expectorate. The saliva is of a viscid char- 
acter. The headache is precipitated by overexertion, or shop- 
ping. It is aggravated by moving about, and relieved by 
sleep and rest in the supine posture. 

Compare. — Iris versicolor, Sangui?iaria. 



EQinSETUM HYEMALE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Kquisetacese. Common 
Name, Scouring rush. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture,-! to 60 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diuretic and 
astringent. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of cystic irritation with 
tenesmus, nocturnal enuresis, dropsy, and renal calculi. It 
is of service in the dysuria of women where there is extreme 
and frequent urging to urinate, with severe pain after the 
urine has been voided. There is constant distress in the 
bladder as though it was distended by urine, but urinating 
does not fully relieve it. There are severe cutting pains in 
the urethra while urinating. It is useful in dysuria following 
confinement and during pregnancy; also paralysis of the 
bladder in old women. It frequently affords relief when 
Cantharis has failed. - 

Compare. — Apis mellifica, Ca?itharis. 



ERECHTHITES HIERACIFOLIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, Fireweed. Preparations. — Mother tincture from 
the fresh plant in flower; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 



258 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal conditions of the 
mucous membranes, when attended with haemorrhages from 
any part. The urine is scanty and there is oedema of the ex- 
tremities. 

Compare. — Erigeron, Hamamelis. 



ERGOTINTJM. 

Description and Preparation. — A watery extract from 
Ergota, which is the morbid growth or sclerotium of Clarice ps 
purpurea, Class Fungi. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. ij-xx. 
The extract usually represents 1 grain of the Ergot for 1 
minim of extract. See also Secale cornutum. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in uterine hcemorrhage, when the 
blood is dark colored, which may be clotted or fluid. It is 
worse from motion, and after confinement, when the womb 
does not contract, and during profuse menstruation. It has 
been of service when paralysis of the lower extremities follows 
anaemia of the spinal cord. 

Compare. — Secale cor., Sabina, Trillium. 

ERIGERON CANADENSE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Name, Canada fleabane. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the treatment of hemorrhages. 
It is employed both locally and internally. 

It is useful in hemorrhages from the bladder. The pass- 
age of the urine is painful. 



ERODIUM CICUTARIUM. 259 

It is of service in metrorrhagia with prolapsus of the 
uterus. The haemorrhage is profuse and of a bright red color. 
It is also to be studied in leucowhoea, and profuse, bloody 
lochia when it returns after the slightest exertion. 

Compare. — Cinnamon, Ipecacuanha, Sabina, Cantharis, 
Terebinthina, Trillium, 



BRIODIOTYON. 

Description. — Natural Order, Hydrophyllaceae. Syn- 
onyms, Yerba Santa, Mountain balm. Habitat, California 
and northern Mexico. Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother 
tincture of the fresh leaves ; and dilutions. U. S. P. , 
Eriodictyon, Fluidextractum Kriodictyi. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, 2 to 30 drops; of the fluidextract, 15 minims 
to 1 fluid drachm. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic asthma and bronchitis, 
when it is attended with a profuse and easy expectoration 
which brings relief. There is usually a thickening of the 
bronchial mucous membrane. The appetite is poor and the 
digestion is impaired. 

Compare. — Grindelia robusta, Eucalyptus. 

ERODIUM CICUTARIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Geraniaceae. Common 
Name, Storksbill. Habitat, Kurope, North America, Africa 
and Asia Minor. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the 
fresh herb; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed to control the hemorrhage in 
metrorrhagia and menorrhagia. 
Compare. — Geranium, Sabina. 



260 Blackwood's materia medica. 



ERYNGIUM AQUATIOUM. 

xDescription. — Natural Order, Umbelliferse. Common 
Name, Water eryngo. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in irritation of the urinary tract, 
accompanied with a burning pain and frequent desire to 
urinate. 

It is of service in urethritis, when there is a thick, yellow 
discharge, with difficult urination, and spasmodic stricture, 
and pain behind the pubes, and in cases where there is an 
escape of the prostatic fluid from the slightest provocation. 

Compare. — Conium, Cannabis sativa, Clematis. 

ESERINUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Physostigmine, Kserine. An 
alkaloid from the seeds of Physostigma venenosum. Prepa- 
rations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — This is very 
poisonous and the maximum dose is 2 grains of the 2x tritura- 
tion. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy produces specific contraction of the pupil, and 
is of service in adhesions of the iris; it reduces intra-ocular 
tension in conjunctival inflammation where perforating ulcer 
is threatened, and in glaucoma and asthenopia. 

EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Myrtacese. Common 
Name, Blue gum-tree. Habitat, Australia. Kucalyptol is 
the product by distillation from the volatile oil of Kucalyptus. 
Preparations. — Homceo. , Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; 



EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS. 26l 

and dilutions. U. S. P., Eucalyptus, Fluidextractum 
Eucalypti. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops; 
of the fluidextract, TTL x-3J; of Eucalyptol, \\[ iij-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a disinfectant, 
anti-spasmodic expectorant and an anti-periodic. When the 
oil is applied to the skin it acts as an irritant and increases the 
local hlood supply and produces systemic effects. When the 
vapor is inhaled it has a local effect upon the mucous surfaces 
as well as the general effect. In the mouth it leaves a pun- 
gent, aromatic or camphor-like impression. It excites a flow 
of saliva and leaves an astringent flavor in the mouth. The 
appetite and digestion is improved; the secretion of the gastric 
intestinal fluid is increased. Medium doses produce a sensa- 
tion of buoyancy, while large doses produce drowsiness, de- 
pression and paresis of the limbs. The skin is pale and cold; 
the pulse is small and compressible; the pupils are contracted; 
the breathing is short and irregular; the urine and urea are in- 
creased; the heart's action is increased; the arterial tension is 
first increased and later lowered. It is eliminated by the kid- 
neys and through the skin and bronchial mucous membranes. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sub-acute and chronic malarial 
infection cases in which large quantities of Quinine have been 
employed. There is frequently a drain upon the system, as 
from a diarrhoea or dysentery. There may be an atonic 
dyspepsia present which is dependent upon a gastric catarrh. 
It meets many of these cases when it acts as a reconstructive, 
assisting assimilation and hastening convalescence. It is also 
indicated in typhoid, typho-malarial and other septic fevers 
when there is a dull, congestive headache and a diarrhoea of a 
thin, watery, offensive character. It is useful in catarrhal 
affections of the bronchial mucous membrane, bronchorrhcea, 
and other chronic conditions that are accompanied by free 
muco-purulent expectoration. It is useful in tubercular and 
hectic fevers with profuse, exhaustive sweats, and in asthma of 
debilitated anaemia subjects with great dyspnoea and palpita- 



262 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

tion of the heart. Inhalation of the fumes from the drug is of 
service in these cases. 

It should be remembered in atonic dyspepsia, chronic gas- 
trie and intestinal catarrh. The digestion is slow, and there 
is a burning, hot sensation in the stomach. 

It is beneficial in chronic catarrh of the bladder, in chronic 
nephritis, granular degeneration of the kidneys, pyonephrosis, 
and in hydronephrosis. 

It should be studied in diseases of women at the climacteric 
period in those who are distressed with flatulence, palpitation 
of the heart, sudden flushing of the face; also in leucorrhoea, 
when it may be employed both locally and internally. 

It is an excellent disinfectant, both locally and internally. 

Compare. — Baptisia, Arsenicum album, Cinchona, Bal- 
sam Peru, Copaiva. 

EUGENIA JAMBOS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Myrtacese. Common 
Name, Rose-apple. Habitat, East Indies and warm countries 
of America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh 
seeds; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 3 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in comedones, simple acne, and 
acne rosacea when there is an inflamed area about the pimple. 
There are fissures of the skin, especially between the toes. 

Compare. — Berberis aquifolium. 

EUONYMUS ATROPURPURBUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Celastracese. Common 
Name, Wahoo. Habitat, United States and Canada. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture prepared from the fresh 
bark; and dilutions. U. S. P., Euonymus, Extractum Euony- 
mi. Dosage. — Mother tincture may be taken in doses up to 
1 drachm; of the powdered bark, gr. x-xx; of the extract, gr. 



EUPATORIUM AROMATICUM. 263 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a tonic, laxative, 
diuretic and alterative. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of anorexia, indigestion 
and constipation when they are dependent upon hepatic torpor. 

It is of service in those suffering from malaria when there 
is indigestion and biliousness. The bowels are constipated, 
the liver is enlarged, and the conjunctivae and skin are tinted 
yellow. 

It is useful in irregular action of the liver that results in an 
excess of bile at times, and as a result there is an alternate diar- 
rhoea and constipation. There is frequently a headache; the 
tongue is coated yellow, there is a bad taste in the mouth; 
there are dark spots before the eyes and a disinclination to 
both mental and physical work; the urine is dark and the com- 
plexion has a muddy hue. 

In the summer diarrhoea of children it is of service. The 
passages are green, yellow or blue colored. There is colic, 
with nausea and vomiting of the bile, or of food mixed with 
bile; there is a slight fever, with languor or stupor, while no 
two stools are alike. In this class of cases the 5x or 6x is most 
serviceable. 

It should be remembered in albuminuria when the hepatic 
symptoms demanding this remedy are present. 

Compare. — Podophyllum, Chelidonium. 

EUPATORIUM AROMATICUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Common 
Name, White snake-root. Habitat, North America. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hysteria, nervous irritability, 
restlessness and. flatulence. 

It is of service in aphthce, nursing sore mouth and sore 
nipples. In these cases it should be applied locally, 



264 Blackwood's materia medica. 

EUPATORIUM PERFOLIATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order. Compositse. Common 
Name, Boneset. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture from the fresh herb in bloom; and 
dilutions. U. S. P., Kupatorium, Fluidextractum Eupatorii. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 60 drops; of the 
powdered plant, gr. x-xx; of the fluidextract, TTLx-3J. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces soreness 
and aching of the muscles and bones, with the vomiting of 
bile and tenderness in the hepatic region. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in bilious and intermittent fevers, 
dengue and influenza when there are severe pains in the back 
and legs, as though the bones were broken, with soreness of 
the eyeballs and yellowness of the conjunctivae and face. 

It is of service in bilious fevers when there is an excruciat- 
ing headache, with soreness of the scalp and eyeballs, redness 
of the face, nausea, bilious vomiting and prostration, soreness 
in the hepatic region, with constipation and high-colored 
urine. 

It is useful in intermittent fever when the chill appears 
from 7 to 9 A. M. one day and at noon the next. There is thirst 
before and during the chill and fever; there are severe bone 
pains and bilious vomiting. It is to be studied in dengue when 
the bone pains are severe; also in influenza when there is great 
soreness over the body, with pains as though the bones would 
break. There is hoarseness and a cough, with soreness of the 
larynx and chest; he must support the chest with his hands 
during coughing. The pulse is weak; there is coryza, thirst 
and bilious derangement. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Chelidonium. 

BUPATORIUM PURPUREUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Names, Queen of the Meadow, Gravel-root. Habitat, North 
America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh 
root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 



EUPHORBIA COROXI,ATA. 265 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diuretic, stimu- 
lant and tonic and has a pronounced action upon the renal 
tract. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of vesical irritation 
of women, with incontinence of the urine; the desire to urinate 
is both frequent and painful. There is pain and weight in the 
loins, the pains extending to the bladder. The urine is 
scanty, milky, and contains a mucoid, bloody mixture. In- 
dications of a uric acid diathesis are present. Cases of dysuria, 
where urination is painful and it seems as though the passage 
was blocked. 

It has also been used in intermittent fevers; the chill com- 
mences in the back, there is marked- shaking, while the cold- 
ness is not intense; there is no thirst during the chill, but 
severe frontal headache. 

Compare. — Cannabis sativa, Senecio, Helonias, Phos. 
acid. 



EUPHORBIA COROLLATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiacese. Common 
Name, L,arge flowering spurge. Habitat, North America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root ; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, \ to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cholera infantum when there is 
sudden and profuse vomiting first of the contents of the 
stomach, while later it is a rice water material. There is a 
copious, watery diarrhoea, which alternates with the vomiting. 
There are painful cramps in the intestines, great anxiety, with 
a sense of faintness and exhaustion. 

Compare. — Arsenic, Camphor, Cuprum, Veratrum 
album. 
18 



266 Blackwood's materia medica. 



EUPHORBIA LATHYRIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiaceae. Common 
Name, Gopher plant. Habitat, Europe and Asia. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the dried ripe seed; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 






This remedy is indicated in erysipelas and erythema when 
the eruption is rough, scaly, smarting, and burning. 

Compare. — Rhus toxicodendron, Arsenicum album. 

EUPHORBIA PROSTATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiaceae. Syno- 
nyms, Gollindrinera, Swallowwort. Habitat, United States 
and Mexico. Preparations. — The expressed milky juice of 
the plant is the part used. Dosage.— Of the juice, 3 to 4 fluid- 
ounces. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed as an antidote and prophylactic to 
snake poison. 

EUPHORBIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiaceae. A gum- 
resin from Euphorbia resinifera. Habitat, Morocco. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the gum-resin; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 2 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces gastroen- 
teritis with violent emesis and purging. There is cerebral con- 
gestion, and congestion of the respiratory mucous membrane. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in g astro -enteritis and choleraic 
diarrhoea, when they are accompanied by cerebral irritation 
and delirium. 



EUPIONUM. 267 

It is also of service in erysipelas with vesicles that are filled 
with a yellow serum. 

Compare. — Croton tiglium, Elaterium, Veratrum album. 

EUPHRASIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Scrophulariaceae. Syn- 
onyms, Euphrasia officinalis, Eyebright. Habitat, Europe. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a catarrhal 
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes and the 
nose. From the eyes the discharge is highly excoriating, 
while in the nose it is bland. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in acute catarrhal ophthal- 
mia; there is congestion of the conjunctiva, with great photo- 
phobia. The lachrymation is acrid, excoriating the eye-lids, 
which swell and ulcerate, as well as the portion of the cheek 
over which it flows. 

The inflammatory process is not confined to the conjunctiva, 
but the cornea, lachrymal gland, and sac, all suffer from it. It 
is thus of service during the early stages of acute catarrhal 
conjunctivitis in cases of traumatic conjunctivitis and in 
blepharitis. 

The same catarrhal inflammation involves the membrane 
of the nares; it is swollen, there is a profuse discharge, which 
is bland and is attended with sneezing and dyspnoea. The in- 
flammation also extends to the larynx and trachea, and there 
is a loose cough with chilliness, both externally and internally. 

Compare — Cepa, Gelsemium, Sabadilla. 

EUPIONUM. 

Description. — One of the oils resulting from the dry dis- 
tillation of wood. Preparations. — Mother tincture, a 1 per 
cent, solution in alcohol; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 



268 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is of service in uterine displacement. There 
is a backache that is relieved by leaning against something. 
This is accompanied by a bland leucorrhoea, and a desire to 
urinate frequently. 

Compare. — Lachesis, Graphites. 



FABIANA IMBRIOATA. 

Description — Natural Order, Solanacese. Common 
Name, Pichi. Habitat, Chili. Preparations. — Mother tinc- 
ture of the leaves and branches. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 5 
to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cystic irritation, dysuria, pros- 
tatitis, with catarrhal discharges. It is of service when these 
disturbances are dependent upon a chronic gonorrhceal or uric 
acid diathesis. 

Compare. — Chimaphila, Cantharis, Cannabis sativ a, Mer- 
curius corrosivus. 



FAGOPYRUM BSOULENTUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Polygonacese. Common 
Name, Buckwheat. Habitat, Central Asia. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture prepared from the entire fresh plant. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in pruritus. There is itching of 
the skin, red sore blotches, pruritus vulvae with yellow leucor- 
rhoea; also itching of the knees, elbows and hairy parts. 

Compare. — Kreosotum, Mercurius. 



FERRI VAI.ERIANICUM. 269 



FELL BOVIS. 

Description. — The fresh bile of the ox (Bos Taurus). 
Synonyms, Fel tauri, Oxgall. Preparations.— U. S. P., Fel 
Bovis. Dosage. — Of the purified Oxgall, gr. j-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent increases the duo- 
denal secretions, emulsifies fats, and increases the peristaltic 
action of the intestines. It liquifies the bile and acts as a pur- 
gative and chologogue. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is of service in cases of jaundice due to obstruction, when 
the stools are very offensive, of a light, clay color. It is also 
employed as an intestinal antiseptic, . 

FERRI ET STRYCHNINE CITRAS. 

Description. — Common Name, Iron and Strychnine 
Citrate. A mixture of Ammonio-ferric citrate and Strychnine 
citrate. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. j-jv. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of anczmia and 
chlorosis when attended with debility, dyspepsia and amenor- 
rhcea. 



FERRI VALERIANICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Ferric valerianate. "A 
dark brick-red, amorphous powder." Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of hysteria, chorea and 
nervous disorders in those suffering from chlorosis and 
anczmia. 



270 Blackwood's materia medica. 



FERRUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Ferrum metallicum, Iron. 
Iron reduced by hydrogen is an odorless, tasteless, fine, gray 
powder. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Ferrum reductum. Dosage. — Of the re- 
duced Iron, gr. j-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when taken in- 
ternally blackens the teeth and the tongue. In small doses it 
acts as a stomach tonic, if not continued too long. Should 
large doses of a preparation showing an acid reaction be ad- 
ministered for a prolonged period anorexia, nausea, and indi- 
gestion result. In the stomach the various preparations are 
changed into a chloride. It combines with the red blood cor- 
puscles and brings the haemoglobin up to the normal standard. 
Under its influence the muscular power of the heart is in- 
creased, the arteries are contracted and the blood pressure is 
increased. The urea is increased, and micturition is rendered 
more frequent. It is eliminated by the faeces, bile, urine, 
skin, mucous, and serous surfaces. 

Should its use be continued over a prolonged period the di- 
gestion is impaired. There is thirst, gastric oppression, nausea, 
vomiting, with pain or a sense of fulness in the head and dizzi- 
ness and increased heat in the body. The breathing is labored; 
acne appears upon the face, breast and back. There are 
haemorrhages from the mucous surfaces, with plethora, and 
other indications of vascular changes. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of anczmia, with debility, 
when the face and lips are of a pale bluish color; the face be- 
comes red and flushed from the least pain, emotion, or 
exertion, there is profound muscular relaxation. 

The anaemia may appear under the mask of a plethora or 
congestion; at times the face presents an ash pale or greenish 
color; with pain or exertion, it becomes a fiery red; at which 
time there is vertigo, ringing in the .ears, palpitation of the 



FERRUM. 271 

heart, and dyspnoea. Accompanying these symptoms of anaemia 
and chlorosis there is weakness and relaxation of the whole 
muscular system, together with emaciation and coldness of the 
extremities. The patient finds a degree of relief from walking 
about slowly in spite of the great exhaustion. On account of 
the pronounced anaemia, the stomach is unable to perform its 
function, and there is vomiting of food after eating, or cough- 
ing. The ejected material is acid and sour. The stools are 
apt to consist of undigested food. The diarrhoea is painless, 
and is worse during the morning and may be involuntary, 
watery, and slimy. It may excoriate the anus, and be at- 
tended with a fiery red face. 

This type of a chronic diarrhoea is frequently seen in 
anaemic children. It usually appears soon after eating or 
drinking, there is no pain or effort,- and it contains much un- 
digested substance. At times the bowels are constipated. There 
is ineffectual urging to stool, the hands and feet are cold , 
while the pale, anaemic face becomes fiery red on the least 
effort. 

In nocturnal enuresis it is of service when the urine is of a 
dark, red color. There is an irritability of the urethra and 
neck of the bladder, and a degree of anaemia. It is of service 
in cases of chronic vesical catarrh and gleet. In the manage- 
ment of chronic degeneratioji of the kidneys with albumi- 
nuria it is efficacious, the anaemia and prostration is pro- 
nounced, and anasarca is usually present. 

It is useful in the females who are anczmic and weakly; 
there is profuse menstruation, the menses are too frequent and 
last too long. Before the period there is a stinging headache 
with ringing in the ears, during the period she must keep 
quiet as the least exertion renders the flow more profuse. The 
menses intermit for a few days. There may be much itching 
pruritus of the vulva in delicate weakly women who suffer 
from a leucorrhcea, which is watery and milky in character, 
and is smarting and corroding. 

It is indicated in tuberculosis of the young, florid subjects 
when there is a tendency to congestion of the blood to the 
lungs and haemoptysis, with palpitation of the heart and flying 



272 Blackwood's materia medica. 

pains through the chest. The patient is anaemic, becomes 
flushed easily and suffers from dyspnoea. 

In intermittent fever , when Quinine has been abused and 
there is a high degree of anaemia, which is marked by a 
pseudo-plethora, it is indicated. The spleen is enlarged, there 
is congestion to the head and a tendency to vomit all foods 
taken. The patient sweats easily, especially at night during 
sleep or on being covered. 

Rheumatism of the left deltoid muscle is relieved by the 
remedy. It is tearing in character, is worse at night, driving 
him out of bed, and motion diminishes the pain. 

Compare. — Graphites, Natrum muriaticum, Arsenic. 



PERRUM ACETICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Acetate of iron. This is a 
dark brown uncrystallizable mass. Preparations. — Homceo. , 
Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Iaquor Ferri Acetatis. 
Dosage. — Homceo., ix to 6x triturations, and higher in dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Of the Iyiquor Ferri Acetatis (31 percent.), 

m ij-x. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in severe anemia and debility. It 
should be thought of in thin, weak, pale children who grow 
rapidly and are always exhausted, and especially if they suffer 
from hemoptysis and epistaxis. 

It is also of service for women suffering from metrorrhagia 
when they present the symptoms of severe anaemia and debility. 

Compare. — Ferrum iodatum. 



FERRUM BROMATUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Ferri bromidum, Ferrous bro- 
mide. It is a grayish-black, amorphous mass. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the sub- 
stance, gr. j-v. 



FERRUM JODATUM. 273 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy has been employed in spermatorrhoea accom- 
panied by anaemia, debility and mental depression. 

FERRUM OYANATUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Ferri Ferrocyanidum, Prussian 
or Berlin Blue. It is a tasteless powder, of a rich deep-blue 
color. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the pure substance, gr. j-jv. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is indicated in neuroses, as exhibited in epi- 
lepsy, hysteria, neurasthenia, neuralgia, migraine and all ail- 
ments that are dependent upon impairment of the functions of 
the brain and spinal cord. 

FERRUM JODATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Iodide of iron. If anhy- 
drous, it is white, and otherwise it comes in green deliquescent 
crystals. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the Saccharated Ferrous Iodide, 20 per cent., gr. 
v-xxv. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in anaemic, scrofulous individuals 
who suffer from glandular enlargement, tumors and uterine 
displacement, and in all cases where the strength is impaired, 
the appetite is poor and the digestion is imperfect. 

In cases of phthisis when the patient is anaemic and suffers 
from coryza and a catarrhal discharge from the nose, trachea 
and bronchi is present. The chest feels sore and there is dis- 
tress beneath the sternum accompanied by haemoptysis. 

In the female the menses may be suppressed. There is 
itching and burning in the vagina, with uterine displacement, 
so that she complains of a sensation as though something were 
pressing upward whenever she sits down. 



274 Blackwood's materia medica. 

When acute nephritis follows one of the eruptive fevers it 
should be studied. The urine is dark and there is frequently 
difficulty in retaining it. This has led to its successful use in 
the incontinence of urine in anaemic children. 

Compare. — Pulsatilla, Arsenicum iodium, Phosphorus. 

FBRRUM MURIATICUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Ferric chloride, Chloride of 
iron. A pale, orange-yellow, crystalline mass. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Ferri 
Chloridum, Iyiquor Ferri Chloridi. Dosage. — Of the L,iquor 
Ferri Chloridi, containing 37.8 per cent, of anhydrous salt, Tt\ 
ij-x, well diluted. ' 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in enlargement of the 
spleen due to malaria. There is great pain in the left hypo- 
chondrium, which is worse at night; the face is pale and 
anaemic; there is vertigo, anorexia, sleeplessness and a sensa- 
tion of coldness alternating with heat and lasting for several 
hours. 

It is also of service in chronic diarrhoea with loss of appe- 
tite, pain and tenesmus. The passages consist of blood and 
membraneous shreds. 

Compare. — Ceanothus, Ferrum. 

FERRUM PHOSPHORICTJM. 

Description. — Synonym, Ferroso-ferric phosphate. It is 
a white or bluish, almost tasteless powder. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated during the first stages of catarrhal 
and febrile disturbances and inflammations before exudation 
has taken place, also as a reconstructive in those who are 
anaemic; children who are weakly with a failing appetite, and 
who loose weight and strength. 



FERRUM PICRICUM. 275 

It is useful in acute bronchitis and hyperemia of the lungs 
when the sputum is free; there is not the restlessness and 
irritability that characterizes Aconite. In capillary bronchitis 
and broncho-pneumonia it meets the febrile and general con- 
dition, but it is useless when cyanosis has once taken place. 

It should be remembered in hemoptysis when there is a 
slight, bright haemorrhage. The patient is frequently over- 
grown, has a tendency to phthisis, and suffers from bronchial 
catarrh, headache and epistaxis. In entero-co litis and cholera 
infantum it is indicated when the child is quiet and inclined 
to be drowsy; there is tenesmus, the stools are slimy and con- 
tain streaks of blood. 

It is also of service when there is a tendency to rickets; the 
limbs are tender and motion is painful. It should be studied 
in acute tuberculosis and for the acute attacks of chronic 
tuberculosis. 

It should be remembered in diurnal enuresis that is' de- 
pendent upon irritation of the trigone of the bladder. There 
is pain in the neck of the bladder; he must urinate at once; 
the pain is worse while standing and is relieved while lying 
down. 

Compare. — Gelsemium, China, Aconite, Kali muriaticum. 



FERRUM PICRICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Picrate of iron. When 
evaporated at a low temperature it is a crystalline, reddish- 
brown mass. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. %-]. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in plethoric, dark-haired indi- 
viduals with tenderness over the liver. 

It is of service to complete the action of other remedies, 
and to sustain the function of an organ when it fails while 
being used. It is useful in vascular deafness, deafness appears 



276 Blackwood's materia medica. 

before the menses, and chronic deafness, with tinnitus due to 
gout. 

It is also of use in senile hypertrophy of the prostate, with 
frequent micturition at night, with smarting at the neck of the 
bladder and in penis. 

Compare. — Buchu, Sulphur. 

FBRRUM STJLPHTJRICUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Ferrous sulphate, Sul- 
phate of iron. It comes in large, bluish-green crystals, and 
when impure is called green vitriol or copperas. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Ferri 
Sulphas. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. ss-v. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy has been employed -in diarrhoea when the 
stools are watery, reddish-brown, odorless and painless. There 
is great pallor of the skin, emaciation, anaemia, oedema of the 
lower extremities about the blood-vessels and heart, and 
anaemic murmurs. Also in menorrhagia when the flow is of 
long duration and is profuse. There is a pressing, throbbing 
between the periods, with ringing in the ears and a sensation 
as though the blood were rushing to the face, which is scarlet 
red; the bowels are constipated, and there is loss of appetite. 

Compare. — Phosphorus, Ferrum, Melilotus. 

FILIX MAS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Filices. Common Name, 
Male Fern. Habitat, North America, Europe and Asia. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Tincture of the fresh rhizome; 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Aspidium, Oleoresina Aspidii. Dos- 
age. — Of the powdered root, 3 j — iij ; of the Oleoresina, 3 SS ~3J- 

Physiological Action. — This agent in poisonous doses 
produces vomiting, purging, headache, dizziness, cold perspi- 
ration, cyanosis, stupor and convulsions. 



ERAGARIA VESCA. 277 



THERAPEUTICS. 



The great use of this remedy has been in the removal of 
tape worms. 

FORMICA RUFA. 

Descriptin. — Common Name, Red ant. This insect, of 
the Order Hymenoptera and Family Formicariae, is found 
most frequently in pine forests. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the live insect; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in gout and articular rheumatism, 
which appear suddenly and render the patient .helpless. The 
right side is the one most often affected. The pains are worse 
from motion and are better from pressure. 

It is also of service in rheumatic inflammation of the eyes, 
in pterygium and ulcers of the cornea. 

Compare. — Rhus toxicodendron, Dulcamara. 

FRAG-ARIA VESCA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosaceae. Common Name, 
Wood strawberry. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the ripe berries; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent when used freely prevents the formation of cal- 
culi, and removes the tartar from the teeth, and prevents 
attacks of gout. It is of service in urticarious, petechial and 
erysipelatous eruptions. 



278 Blackwood's materia medica. 



FRANOISOBA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanaceae. Common 
Name, Manaca. Habitat, equatorial part of America. Prep- 
arations. — The root and stem are used to make the mother 
tincture. Dosage. — Of the fluid extract, from 10 to 60 minims. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in syphilis and in sub-acute rheu- 
matism affecting the muscles and tendons. There is a sensa- 
tion as of a band about the head, with pain in the head and 
spine. 



PRAXINUS AMERICANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Oleaceae. Common Name, 
White ash. Habitat, North America. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh inner bark; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in enlargement and subinvolution 
of the uterus, when attended with prolapsus and a bearing 
down sensation. 



FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR. 

Description. — Natural Order, Oleaceae. Common Name, 
Common European ash. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh bark; and dilutions. Dosage.- 4 
Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed as a specific for gout by 
European peasants. Also in rheumatic arthritis and in inter- 
mittens, 



GAMBOGIA. 279 



FUCUS VESICULOSUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fucoideae. Common 
Name, Bladder-wrack. Habitat, a sea-weed of Europe and 
America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the entire 
marine plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 
30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is highly spoken of in the reduction of 
obesity, also in exophthalmic goitre. 
Compare. — Lycopus. 

GALIUM APARnSTE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rubiaceae. Common 
Name, Cleavers. Habitat, Europe, Asia and North America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh herb; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in dysuria, cystitis with much 
burning upon urinating. It is also of service in nodular 
tumors of the skin and tongue, and in severe types of skin 
diseases. 

Compare. — Cannabis sativa, Cantharis, Copaiva, Ber- 
ber is vulgaris. 

GAMBOGIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Guttiferae. Common 
Name, Gamboge. Habitat, Camboja, Siam, and Cochin 
China. It is the gum-resin from Garcinia Morella. Prepara- 
tions. — Homoeo., Mother tincture of the pure Gamboge; 
and dilutions. U.S. P., Cambogia. Dosage. — Of the gum- 
resin, gr. j-xv; of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the gastro- 
intestinal tract as an irritant and purgative, this being accom- 
panied with vomiting and colic. Full doses of it have pro- 
duced gastroenteritis and death. 



280 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is of service in cases of diarrhoea. The stool 
varies in character from a yellow or green watery passage to one 
that is partially formed. There is frequently much rumbling 
of gas in the bowels. The desire for stool comes on suddenly. 
The stool all passes at one great effort, after which there is a 
great relief, as if some irritating substance had been removed. 

Compare. — Croton tig. , Aloes, Podophyllum. 

GAULTHERIA PROCUMBENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Kricacese. Common Name, 
Wintergreen. Habitat, United States. Its active principle is 
the oil of wintergreen. Preparations. — Homoso., Mother 
tincture of the fresh herb; and dilutions. U. S. P., Oleum 
Gaultheriae. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 30 drops; 
of the oil, HI j-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This is of service in neuralgia, especially protracted cases 
in which the pain is most excruciating. 

It is also useful in articular rheumatism both of the acute 
and subacute varieties, as well as in gouty arthritis and chorea 
in children. 

Compare. — Mezereum, Bryonia alba, Rhus toxicoden- 
dron, Sodium salicylate, Cimicifuga. 

GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,oganiaceae. Common 
Name, Yellow Jessamine. It contains the alkaloid Gelsemine. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh root; 
and dilutions. U. S. P. , Gelsemium, Fluidextractum Gelsemii 
Tinctura Gelsemii. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 
20 drops; of Gelsemine, gr. \\q-^q- 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces paralysis of 
the nervous system, especially the motor nerves with complete 
relaxation of the muscular system. The pulse is slowed and 



GEI^EMIUM SEMPER VlRENS. 28 1 

the arterial tension is reduced, the temperature is lowered and 
breathing is rendered difficult, and there is a sense of drowsi- 
ness with a desire to remain quiet. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in children, young people, and 
especially women of a nervous hysterical temperament, who 
are " all tired out; " also in male and female onanism, and in 
malarial diseases. It is useful in hysteria, especially of 
women with spasms and a sensation of a lump in the throat, 
that is not removed by swallowing; there is palpitation of the 
heart, a paralytic feeling of the extremities, a profuse flow of 
clear urine, accompanied by fears and apprehension. It is of 
service in remittejit and intermittent types oi fevers in chil- 
dren, when the nervous symptoms predominate. The chill 
and fever are both severe. The patient feels bruised, stupid 
and sluggish. It is also of service in catarrhal fevers when 
there is a continual chilliness of the back; they cannot move 
from the stove the}^ are so chilly. In typhoid fever it is useful 
when the nervous symptoms predominate, the patient is 
drowsy, stupid, greatly prostrated, and the extremities tremble. 
In cerebrospinal fevers it is of service when there is stupor 
with a tendency to convulsions, with wild delirium, and a sen- 
sation as if he were bruised over the body. He is weak, pros- 
trated, and trembles. It is often of service in nervous chills 
that are dependent upon an irritation of the nervous system; 
the patient feels weak, exhausted, and desires rest. 

It should be remembered in the headaches of a congestive 
or neuralgic type or reflex type that begin in the cervical region 
and extend up over the head and cause a sensation of burst- 
ing in the forehead and eyeballs; accompanying it there is 
complete relaxation and prostration of the whole muscular 
system. The headache is relieved by a profuse urination. It 
will relieve the intense congestion of the brain in children 
during dentition and the child being restless and unable to 
sleep. It affords relief to women during confinement when 
there is great nervous excitement and the os is rigid and re- 
tards the progress. It is also indicated in dysmenorrhea with 
19 



2S2 BtACKWOOD'S MATERIA M^DlCA. 

spasmodic neuralgia and ovarian pains, with cramps in the 
uterus and legs. The nervous and hysterical condition indi- 
cated by the remedy is present. In the male it is indicated 
when the sexual organs are relaxed, irritable and cold. There 
are emissions without erections. These are followed by ex- 
haustion, depressed spirits and pain at the base of the brain. 
He is so prostrated he cannot move. It should be remembered 
in the bad effects of fear, fright, sudden emotion, exciting 
news or preparing for any extra ordeal. Any one of these are 
apt to bring on an attack of diarrhoea and muscular relaxation. 

It is our first remedy in the prostration and exhausted 
state that results from the heat of the sun: 

It is useful in vertigo when it spreads up from the occiput; 
there is diplopia, with dimness of vision and loss of sight. 
There may be a sensation that the heart will stop beating if he 
does not move. For the paresis and paralysis that follows 
diphtheria, it is often the first and only remedy needed, also 
for the enuresis from paresis of sphincter vesica of children 
and the aged. 

Compare. — Baptisia, Ignatia. 

G-ERANIUM MAOULATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Geraniacese. Common 
Name, Wild cranesbill. Habitat, North America. Prepa- 
rations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hemorrhages from the differ- 
ent organs, which may be in the form of hemoptysis accom- 
panying pulmonary tuberculosis, hematuria, or haemorrhage 
from any part when there is a relaxed condition of the tissues. 
It is useful in sub-acute diarrhoea and catarrhal gastritis 
when associated with general lowered vitality. It has afforded 
relief in incipient gastric cancer. 

Compare. — Hydrastis, Cinchona, Sabina, Millefolium, 
Hamamelis, Ergot, Nitric acid, Phosphorus. 



CI,ANDUI^ SUPRARENAUS SICC£. 283 



GLANDULE SUPRARENALE SICCiE. 

Description. — The cleaned, dried and powdered supra- 
renal glands of the sheep or ox, freed from fat. Prepa- 
rations. — It may be given in the powder or in the form of 
tablets or one of the extracts, as Bpinephrin, Suprarenin, Ad- 
renalin, etc., may be administered. Dosage. — Of the Desic- 
cated Suprarenal Glands the average dose is 4 grains. An 
aqueous extract of the gland is also used. Adrenalin is applied 
locally to the mucous membrane in normal saline solution of 
the strength of 1-1,000 to 1-20,000. It is also injected extra- 
venously, but this should be done very slowly and carefully, 
as otherwise it causes inflammation at the point of entrance, 
sometimes followed by sloughing. 

Physiological Action. — When applied to the mucous 
membrane Suprarenal Extract is an astringent, rapidly whiten- 
ing the surfaces and rendering them bloodless by vaso-constric- 
tion. The duration of the effect of an application is from 
fifteen to thirty minutes. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

Suprarenal Extract is an active haemostatic, and is the most 
powerful astringent known in the treatment of inflamed 
mucous membranes. It may be applied in the form of the 
Adrenalin chloride, either by means of an atomizer or by drop- 
ping the solution upon cotton and applying it directly to the 
inflamed part. After the first application a few moments 
should be allowed to elapse, and then a second application 
should be made. By this procedure the drug is brought into 
contact with much tissue not reached at the first application. 

In acute inflammations of the eye Adrenalin has proved 
very useful. A few drops of a solution of from 1-3,000 to 
1-1,000 strength, instilled under the lower lid, will quickly re- 
lieve the congestion. The application may be repeated every 
two or three hours. The drug also alleviates pain in all forms 
of keratitis and iritis, and lessens the pain of glaucoma by re- 
ducing the intra-ocular tension. Corneal opacities of traumatic 



284 BLACKWOOD'S materia mebica. 

origin are completely removed, and syphilitic opacities are 
greatly improved under its action. It has proved useful in 
stenosis of the nasal duct, often serving- to clear the passage 
without the aid of a probe. 

In acute inflammation of the middle ear a few drops of a 
1-1,000 solution should be instilled into the external ear, and 
the posterior nares sprayed with the same solution. The drug 
also relieves tinnitus. 

Adrenalin is of service in angio-neurotic oedema of the 
glottis, epiglottis and other parts, when it should be adminis- 
tered by means of the spray or internally, according to the 
location of the affection. It is equally of service in allaying 
irritation of the larynx in cases of asthma. In hay-fever it is a 
most excellent temporal agent in allaying the local irritation. 
As a spray for the larynx a solution of 1-10,000 should be first 
employed, and if this is not sufficiently strong, the strength 
may be increased to 1-3,000 or 1-1,000. The first solution is 
usually efficient. 

The Adrenalin hydrochloride has- been employed in the 
sixth decimal dilution or trituration in chlorosis with pro- 
nounced asthenia and anorexia, accompanied by such severe 
dyspepsia that the patient is unable to retain even fluids upon 
the stomach. The bowels are constipated, and there is melan- 
cholia and a general nervous erethism. It has been of service 
in haemophilia as well as in arterio-sclerosis, chronic aortitis 
and angina pectoris in gouty subjects. The drug should not 
be repeated too frequently. A dose night and morning, or 
even at longer intervals, is sufficient. 



GLONOINUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Nitroglycerine. A light 
yellow, oily liquid. Preparations. — Homoso. y Mother tinc- 
ture (a 10 per cent, solution) ; and dilutions. U. S. P., Spiritus 
Glycerylis Nitratis a 1 per cent, solution). Dosage. — Of the 
2x dilution, equal in strength to the Spiritus Glycerylis 
Nitratis, TTL >i~ Y - 



GI.ONOINUM. 285 

Physiological Action. — This agent increases the pulse- 
rate and produces a general throbbing of the vessels. The 
throbbing is most marked in the head, and gradually becomes 
worse till there is a violent, bursting, frontal headache, with 
giddiness, fulness of the head, flushed face and sensation of 
constriction of the throat, accompanied by vomiting, faintness 
and complete insensibility. Large doses occasion failure in 
diastole. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remed}' is indicated in those of a nervous tempera- 
ment who are plethoric, florid and who suffer from severe 
congestion and hyperemia of the brain. The functions of the 
brain are augmented while the reflex excitability of the cord 
is inhibited. The symptoms calling for it are violent and ap- 
pear suddenly. It is the first remedy in cases of sunstrokes, 
with bursting headaches, dulness, delirium, stupor; also for 
the troubles that result from working under gas light, where 
the heat falls upon the head, or the heat from a stove; also in 
the flushes of heat at the climacteric. 

It is useful in congestive, throbbing headaches from the de- 
layed or suppressed menses. The head feels heavy, but cannot 
be lain on a pillow; the throbbing is synchronous with con- 
traction of the heart; the blood-vessels are distended; the face 
is deep red; there is either a dull distress or sharp pains ac- 
companying the throbbing. Frequently the congestion is 
attended with convulsions. 

It is useful in puerperal convulsions. The face is red, the 
pulse is full and hard; the urine contains albumen; the patient 
is unconscious and froths at the mouth. 

It is of service in the cerebral congestion of children when 
Belladonua does not afford desired relief. It is useful in cases 
of " Meniere's " disease and tinnitus aurium that are depend- 
ent upon organic changes of the heart. It should be remem- 
bered in acute and chronic interstitial nephritis when the 
arterial tension is high: also in cases of increased vascular ten- 
sion of the aged. In angina pectoris, asthma and heart failure 



286 Blackwood's materia medica. 

it is of service when the pulse is small, wiry, and there is pal- 
lor, anaemia of the brain and collapse. Use the physiological 
dose in these cases. 

Compare. — Amy I nitrite, Belladonna, Veratrum viride. 



G-NAPHALIUM POLYOEPHALUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, Sweet-scented life-everlasting. Habitat, North Amer- 
ica. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces an intermit, 
tent neuralgia of the superior maxillary division of the fifth 
nerve, an occipital headache and shooting pains in the eyeballs 
and along the sciatic nerve, with cramps in the calves of the 
legs and feet, accompanied with numbness, which replaces the 
pains at times. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has relieved sciatica when there is severe pain 
along the course of the sciatic nerve, with a feeling of numb- 
ness replacing the pain. It has been of service in flatulent 
colic. There are pains in various parts of the abdomen, which 
is sensitive to pressure. It is also useful in cholera morbus 
and cholera infantum. 

Compare. — Xanthoxylum, Chamomilla. 



GOSSYPIUM HERBACEUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Malvaceae. Common 
Name, Cotton plant. Habitat, Asia. Preparations. — 
Homoeo., Mother tincture of the fresh inner root-bark; and 
dilutions. U. S. P., Gossypii Cortex. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, i to 30 drops; of the dried bark, gr. xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an emmenagogue, 
parturient and abortive. 



GRAPHITES. 287 

* THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in delayed menstruation with 
backache and dragging pains in the pelvis, and sensitiveness in 
the uterine region. The patient is anaemic; there is gastric 
disturbance and debility. It is of service in sterility, with 
uterine torpor and inertia during parturition. It is useful in 
uterine subinvolution and fibroids. 

Compare. — Lilium, Trillium, Sabina, Cimicifuga. 

GRANATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Granateee. Common 
Name, Pomegranate. Habitat, Asia. It contains an alkaloid 
called Pelletierine. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tinc- 
ture of the dried root-bark; and dilutions. U. S. P., Grana- 
tum. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops; of Pelletierine, 
14-8 grains. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed as a tcenicide and tczniafuge of 
the tape worm. All the symptoms ascribed to it are but those 
that result from the taenia. 

GRAPHITES. 

Description. — Common Name, Plumbago. This is a 
mineral carbon found in greater or less purity throughout the 
world. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Triturations, ix to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces degenera- 
tive changes in the skin, hair, nails, and glands. There are 
changes in the blood and anaemias result; and there is derange- 
ment of the digestive tract. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are inclined to 
obesity. They have a fair complexion, are subject to constipa- 
tion and delayed menstruation . It has the same relation to 



288 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

the climacteric period that Pulsatilla has to puberty; she is 
cautious, timid, hesitates, and is unable to decide anything 
definitely. . 

It is of service in eczema, rhagades, excoriations and ulcers 
of the skin that are characterized by a sticky, glutinous dis- 
charge that is oozing out all the time. There is soreness on 
the flexor surfaces of the joints and behind the ears. Again, 
the skin may be dry, and every injury suppurates. It is use- 
ful in chronic constipation when the stools are large, hard, and 
in lumps which are held together by mucus. There are stick- 
ing pains in the anus, and following defecation the anus is sore 
and painful. 

It should be studied in chronic gastric catarrh and in 
intestinal fermentation when the stomach and abdomen is 
greatly distended with gas, of a putrid and rancid nature. 
There are cramping pains in the stomach which are relieved by 
eating, although the foods, especially meats and sweets, dis- 
gust and nauseate the patient. It is curative in diarrhoea 
when the stools are brown, fluid, very offensive and are mixed 
with digested substances. It is indicated in erysipelas attended 
with burning and a stinging pain, and when the general char- 
acteristics of the remedy are present. Also in disease of the 
female when the menses are scanty, pale, delayed, and are at- 
tended with colic accompanied by leucorrhcea which is acrid, 
excoriating, and occurs in gushes day and night, both before 
and following the period. It feels as though the womb would 
press from the vagina. Also in mastitis when there are many 
old cicatrices, that milk can scarcely flow. There are deep 
cracks in the nipples. It may be used locally as a cerate. 

Compare. — Pulsatilla, Sepia. 

GRATIOLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Scrophulariaceae. Com- 
mon Name, Hedge-hyssop. Habitat, Europe. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage.— Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an emetic, diuretic, 
cathartic, and \ in toxic doses; is^an active poison. 



GUAIACOI.UM. 289 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cholera infanUnn and diar- 
rhoea when there is nausea and vomiting of a yellow, bitter? 
sour tasting fluid, which comes up without any special exer- 
tion. The passage from the bowels consists of green, frothy 
water, which is forcibly evacuated. Following the passage 
there is burning in the rectum and anus. It is frequently the 
remedy to relieve the bowels and stomach troubles that ap- 
pear as a result of taking large quantities of ice water. 

Compare. — Croton tiglium, Veratrum album. 

G-RINDELIA ROBTJSTA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Xame, Grindelia. Habitat, the Pacific coast of the United 
States. Preparations. — Honiara., Mother tincture of the 
fresh plant in flower: and dilutions. U. S. P., Grindelia, 
Fluidextractum Grindeliae. Dosage. — Of the mother tinc- 
ture, 1 to 15 drops; of the fluidextract, 15 minims to 1 fluid 
drachm. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic bronchial asthma and 
chronic spasmodic bronchial cough, when they are attended 
with profuse, tenacious expectoration, which gives relief. The 
breath stops when the patient goes to sleep and awakes with a 
start, gasping for breath. It is useful in irregular heart action 
and in hay-fever when associated with difficult breathing. It 
is used locally and internally as an antidote for Rhus toxico- 
dendron poisoning. 

Compare. — Sanguinaria, Eriodictyon. 

G-UAIACOLUM. 

Description. — Guaiacol is a pleasantly aromatic, color- 
less liquid. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the pure 
ethereal liquid ; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the pure 
Guaiacol, Tit j-v. 



29O BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is similar in its action to Kreosote, being em- 
ployed in the treatment of tuberculosis during its early stages. 
Compare. — Kreosotum. 



GUAIAOUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Zygophyllacese. Common 
Name, Guaiac, Lignum vitae. Habitat, West Indies and South 
America. Preparations. — Homoso., Mother tincture of the 
resin; and dilutions. U. S. P., Guaiacum, Tinctura Guaiaci. 
Dosage. — Of the powdered resin, gr. v-xx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in stiffness and dryness of the 
throat. There is dribbling of the saliva, deglutition is painful, 
the tonsils are swollen and cedematous. It is especially valu- 
able in follicular tonsilitis as a gargle in milk. It is of service 
during the early stages of rheumatic pharyngitis and tonsillitis 
when there is violent burning of the throat. There is a sensa- 
tion of suffocation and a dry cough with sharp, pleuritic pains. 

It is useful in chronic rheumatism of the upper extremities, 
and in lumbago when there is a stiffness of the parts. The 
joints are swollen, tender, and cannot bear pressure or heat. 
It has been employed in the treatment of secondary syphilis. 

Compare. — Mezereum, Mercurius, Rhus toxicodendron. 

GUARANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Sapindacese. Synonym, 
Paullinia Sorbilis. Habitat, Brazil. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture of the dried paste made from the reed; and 
dilutions. U. S. P. , Guarana, Fluidextractum Guaranse. Dos- 
age. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant and 
sedative. 



GYMNOCLADUS. 291 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in headaches', the face is pale, the 
pulse is weak, the pain is aggravated by exertion; cases of sick- 
headache; migraine with indications of cerebral anaemia; also 
headaches following dissipation, mental exhaustion, depres- 
sion, or attending menstruation. 

It has also been employed in prolonged convalescence from 
acute diseases. 

Compare. — Passiflora. 

G-UAREA TRICHILOIDES. 

Description. — Natural Order, Meliaceae. Common 
Name, Redwood. Habitat, South America and Cuba. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the dried bark; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in conjunctivitis with cutting 
pains in the eyeball; also in pterygium. 

GYMNOOLADUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosae. Common 
Xante, American Coffee-tree. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh pulp within the pod 
of the Gymnocladus Canadensis; and dilutions. Dosage.— 
Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in pharyngitis when the parts are 
of a dark, livid redness. There are sticking pains with tickling 
in the throat and a dry cough. It has been employed in ery- 
sipelas and intermittent fevers, and in fevers presenting a 
typhoid state. 

Compare. — Ailanthus, Lachnanthes, Rhus toxicodendron. 
Arnica, Baptisia. 



292 Blackwood's materia medica. 



HiBMATOXYLON CAMPECHIANUM. 






Description. — Natural Order, L,eguminosae. Common 
Name, L,ogwood. Habitat, West India Islands. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the heart of the wood; 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Haematoxylon, Kxtractum Hsema- 
toxyli. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 10 drops; of 
the extract, gr. v-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hemorrhages from the uterus 
and bowels, also in sub-acute diarrhoeas and dysentery with 
colic and tympanitic distension of the stomach. It is useful 
in angina pectoris when associated with soreness in the cardiac 
region and a sensation as of a bar across the chest. It is of 
service when there is a sensation of weakness and bearing- 
down in the pelvis at the menstrual period. 

Compare. — Geranium maculatum, Cactus grandiflorus, 
Colocynthis. - 

HAMAMELIS. 

Description. — Natural Ord,er, Hamamelaceae. Common 
Name, Witch-hazel. Habitat, United States and Canada. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh bark 
of the root and twigs; and dilutions. U. S. P., Hamamelidis 
Cortex, Hamamelidis Folia, Fluidextractum Hamamelidis 
Foliorum. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops; 
of the fluidextract, TTL j _ 3J- 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an astringent, 
styptic, sedative and tonic. It acts upon the veins much as 
Aconite does upon the arteries, and results in venous conges- 
tions, and haemorrhages. Full doses produce a throbbing in 
the head. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied where there is a venous 
congestion, passive venous hemorrhage, varicose veins, or 
hemorrhoids when there is a soreness of the affected part, as 



HAMAMKUS. 293 

if contused, and when there is a varicosis of different parts of 
the body that are attended by intense soreness. In varicose 
veins of the legs it is of service both locally and internally; 
also in varicose veins of the throat when the veins are distended 
and the parts are of a bluish color, there is more or less sore- 
ness of the parts and pain upon swallowing, with haw 7 king and 
raising of mucus and blood. The patient takes cold easily, 
especially in a warm, moist or a relaxing air, that favors venous 
stasis. Hemorrhoids, that bleed profusely, are sore and pain- 
ful, and attended with burning, fulness, and heaviness, as if 
the back w r ould break. The anus feels sore and raw, and there 
is an urging as for stool, while the tumor is of a bluish color. 

In phlebitis, with soreness, it is of great service and may be 
applied locally in the form of a wet dressing, and given in- 
ternally. 

It is useful in passive venous hemorrhages that are depend- 
ent upon the condition of the blood-vessel, rather than upon an 
altered composition of the blood, as is met with in lacerated 
and contused w T ounds, w T here it not only controls the haemor- 
rhage, but removes the pain and soreness; also cases of epis- 
taxis w 7 here the flow is passive, long-lasting and may be trau- 
matic or vicarious. It is also indicated in these cases w T hen the 
flow is profuse from the nose, but is venous in character, re- 
lieving a distressing headache. 

It should be remembered in haemoptysis, when the blood is 
venous. There may be a slight tickling that induces a cough, 
or it may come up without effort, or coughing. 

The menses are profuse and dark and are attended with sore- 
ness in the abdomen. Following any traumatism of these 
parts, the menstruation is attended with great pain, uterine 
haemorrhage that appears as the result of riding in a carriage 
over rough grounds or from severe jolting of the body. It re- 
lieves vaginismus, with intense soreness of the parts, also 
prurigo of the vulva when the parts are of a dark purplish 
color. 

Hematuria, hematemesis , and chilblains, when the parts 
are of the bluish color, have been relieved by this remedy. 

Subacute ovaritis incident to pregnancy and menstruation, 



294 Blackwood's materia medica. 

and gonorrhoeal infection, when the parts are very tender and 
there is great soreness of the abdomen, also in cases of ovarian 
neuralgia. 

In cases of orchitis epidimitis and neuralgia of the testicle 
when the organ is greatly inflamed, and extremely tender to 
touch, it should be employed both locally and internally. 

Compare. — Melilotus, Ipecacuanha, Millefolium. 

HEOLA LAVA. 

Description. — The fine ash deposited at a distance from an 
eruption of Mount Hecla. Preparations.— Homceo. , Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. Dosage. — Trituration 2x to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in caries, osteitis, periostitis and 
exostosis of the nasal, maxillary and" facial bones. There may 
be neuralgia, toothache, or enlargement and induration of the 
cervical glands, associated with these changes in the bones. 

Compare. — Silica, Mercurius. 



HEDBOMA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Labiatae. Common Name, 
Pennyroyal. Habitat, United States and Canada. Its volatile 
oil is the Oil of Pennyroyal. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Hedeoma, Oleum Hedeomae. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, i to 30 drops; of the oil, 1fl\ ij-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an emmenagogue, 
diaphoretic, and stimulant. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diseases of women when there 
are bearing down pains with great languor and lassitude. She 
takes cold easily, has pains in the back and legs There is 



H£I,i,EBORU$ NIGER. 295 

amenorrhcea, with an excoriating leucorrhcea. The ovarian 
region is sore to pressure. The urine is dark colored and its 
passage is attended with vesical tenesmus. 
Compare. — Septa, Lilium tigrinum. 



HELLEBORUS NIGER. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
Name, Black hellebore. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces salivation, 
and stimulates the secretions of the liver and pancreas, and in- 
creases the peristaltic action of the intestines. There is 
hyperemia of the kidneys, and the' urine is scanty. The 
uterine mucous membrane is congested. The brain and cord 
are hypersemic while the serous membrane shows a general 
anasarca. 

''This agent contains two active medicinal principles, 
Hellebrein and Helleborin; the former is an active cardiac 
poison and drastic purgative; the latter acts as a narcotic, pro- 
ducing in animals at first inquietude, which is soon followed 
by paresis both of motion and sensation." 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are weakly, delicate, 
and in whom there is a tendency to effusion and dropsy. 

It is of service in meningitis during the second stage when 
effusion has either taken place or is threatened. The paralysis 
is more or less complete. There is the "cry encephalique," 
the eyes are wide open and staring, but insensible to light. 
The pupils are either dilated or alternately contracted and di- 
lated. The head is rolled from side to side on the pillow or 
he beats it with the hand. There is stupidity with sonorous 
sleep. The forehead is wrinkled and covered with a cold 
sweat. The urine is scanty, with a coffee ground sediment, 
or it is suppressed. There is greedy drinking of ice water. 



296 Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is useful in post-scarlatinal dropsies that appear rapidly, 
the urine is scanty and contains a coffee ground sediment. 
The chest feels constricted and he gasps for breath. 

It is to be remembered in the dropsies, and ascites, following 
intermittent fever in scrofulous children. It should be re- 
membered in diarrhoeas that occur during acute hydro- 
cephalus and dentition when the stools consist of clear water, 
or of a jelly-like mucus. 

Compare. — Apismellifica, Apocynum, Arsenicum album, 
Digitalis. 

HBLODERMA. 

Description. — Synonyms, Heloderma horridus, Gila mon- 
ster. A large lizard of the Order Saurii. Preparations. — 
Triturations of the virus; and dilutions. Dosage.— Dilutions 
from the 6th up. 

Physiological Action. — This -poison when introduced 
into the human system produces a sensation of coldness and a 
paralysis that simulates paralysis agitans or locomotor ataxia. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is to be studied in all conditions when there is 
a sensation of coldness of the body, internal coldness as if 
frozen, together with a staggering, ataxic gait. 

Compare. — Camphora, Argentum nitricum. 

HELONIAS DIOICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,iliaceae. Synonyms, 
Chamaelirium, Unicorn plant. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in large doses is a 
cardiac poison. Cattle die as the result of eating it. In medic- 
inal doses it is an emetic, tonic, diuretic and vermifuge. It 
produces great activity of the salivary glands, even to saliva- 
tion. There is a griping, burning sensation in the epigastrium 



HELONIAS DIOICA. 297 

and a slight purging accompanied by burning in the lower 
bowels. Painful sensations referred to the renal region are 
complained of, while the urine, which is increased in quantity, 
contains albumen. The mammary glands are swollen and the 
nipples are painful and tender, even to the pressure of the or- 
dinary clothing. If its use is continued over a prolonged 
period, a condition of anaemia and chlorosis is established as a 
result of its haematolytic action. The uterus is at first stimu- 
lated, while later a condition of uterine atony results. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

When this remedy is indicated there is present a general 
atonic condition of the whole muscular system, which renders 
the patient languid and prostrated. There is a dragging sen- 
sation in the lower portion of the abdomen and pelvis, which 
causes the patient to hold up or support the abdominal and 
pelvic contents. While these complaints may be general, and 
the remedy indicated in both sexes, they are frequently asso- 
ciated with diseases of the kidneys and generative organs of 
the female. An examination of the mucous surfaces and of 
the blood shows that a condition of anaemia is present. This is 
associated with a general atonic condition of the pelvic organs 
in women and diseases of the kidneys. The patient is languid, 
prostrated and melancholy, and frequently classed as a neuras- 
thenic. There may be cerebral anaemia that is dependent 
upon diseases of the female sexual organs, as menorrhagia, 
leucorrhcea, prolapsus uteri, loss of sexual desire, pain in the 
lumbar region, and pulsative pains in the top of the head, 
which are increased by stooping and attended with vertigo. 
The leucorrhceal discharge has an offensive odor, and there is 
a persistent itching of the genitals. Following confinement, 
it is useful when there is a tendency to prolapsus and other 
malpositions of the uterus. She complains of heaviness and 
dragging of the pelvic organs. 

It is of service in prolapsus of the uterus, which is either 
the result of indolence and luxury or of hard work, either 

I mental or physical. The patient is conscious of a womb; the 
exhausted muscles burn and ache; she is irritable, fault-find- 
20 



298 Blackwood's materia medica. 

ing, and cannot endure the least contradiction or receive the 
least suggestion; menstruation appears too early, and when 
there is uterine atony the flow is profuse, dark, clotted and 
often offensive; the breasts are often swollen, the nipples 
painful and tender. 

It prevents abortions which occur as the result of the slight- 
est overexertion or irritating emotions. 

For the anaemia and albuminuria which appear as a sequelae 
of diphtheria, this is frequently the remedy. 

It is of value in polyuria and the albuminuria of pregnancy. 
The urine is reduced in quantity; the patient is usually tired , 
drowsy and restless, and complains of soreness, heat and pain 
in the renal region. 

It should be remembered as a possible remedy in cases of 
salivation, and in nervous dyspepsia, and chronic gastritis 
when debility is a pronounced symptom. The patient's ail- 
ments are ameliorated while she is doing something. 

Compare. — Aletris farinosa, Lilium tigrinum. Phos- 
phoric acid, Murex. 

HEPAR SULPHURIS OALOAREUM. 

Description. — An impure Calcium sulphide, prepared ac- 
cording to Hahnemann by heating a mixture of calcined 
oyster shells and flower of sulphur. Preparations. — Tritu- 
rations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, ix to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the gland- 
ular system, producing enlargement with a tendency to sup- 
puration. The skin is rendered unhealthy, and there are 
catarrhal conditions of the mucous membranes. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in lymphatic, scrofulous subjects, 
with light hair and complexion, and with soft, flabby muscles. 
There is a tendency to suppuration. They crave strong acid 
foods, are peevish, easily angered and very sensitive to all im- 
pressions, 



HEPATICA. 299 

It should be remembered where suppuration is threatened, 
as in furuncles, carbuncles and abscesses that are characterized 
by throbbing, sticking pains. If given low, it favors suppura- 
tion; if in a higher potency, it often prevents it. It is useful 
in pneumonia when, during the stage of resolution, the ex- 
pectoration becomes purulent and abscesses are threatening. 
It should be studied in trachitis and in chronic bronchitis when 
the cough is loose and rattling and the respiration is hoarse 
and wheezing. There is a soreness of the chest, with a ten- 
dency to take cold. The sweat is sour. If he is uncovered, it 
makes the cough worse. 

It is useful in empyema when drainage has been estab- 
lished. The patient is oversensitive, both mentally and phys- 
ically; the pus is foul; hectic fever is present; he is emaciated 
and has repeated attacks of chilliness, fevers and sweat, which 
is profuse and offensive. It should be remembered in chronic 
hepatitis when the general characteristics calling for the rem- 
edy are present. 

It is indicated in various skin diseases when there is a ten- 
dency to suppurate. They are sensitive to touch and spread 
by new pimples appearing just beyond the diseased part. In 
diseases of the eye it is useful when there is this tendency to 
suppuration, as blepharitis when the meibomian glands are in- 
volved in hypopyon, when there is great photophobia and 
relief from pain. 

It is of service in croup when the cough is rattling and the 
patient coughs till he chokes. It is useful in tonsillitis when 
there is a tendency to suppuration and there is a sensation of 
a splinter in the throat. 

Compare. — Silica, Calcarea sulphurica, Spongia tosta. 



HEPATICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
Name, Liverwort. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Homoso., Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 



3<X) BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hepatic congestion with 
pharyngeal catarrh and a profuse serous sputa and hoarseness. 
The sputa is sweet, profuse and creamy. 

Compare. — Phosphorus, Hepar sulphuris, Stannum. 



HEUOHERA AMERICANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Saxifragaceae. Common 
Name, Alum-root. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions.— Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea and g astro-enteritis. 
There is nausea and a constant vomiting of bile and a frothy 
mucus, which is accompanied by prostration and a cold sweat 
upon the forehead.. ^ 

The stools are watery, profuse and slimy and may contain 
traces of blood. There is tenesmus, and a " never get done " 
sensation. 

Compare. — Mercurius. 

HIPPOMANBS. 

Description. — It is the soft glutinous substance which 
floats in the allantois fluid, or is attached to theallantois mem- 
brane of the mare or cow. Preparations. — Triturations, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — 6x trituration, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in prostatitis with an increase of 
the sexual desire, also in cases where there is a sprained sensa- 
tion of the wrist, with weakness of the hands and fingers. 

Compare. — Sabal serrulata, Causticum. 



HOMARUS. 30I 

HIPPOZ^NINUM. 

Description. — Synonyms^ Mallein, Glanderin, Farcin. It 
is the virus to be collected from an animal diseased with 
glanders or farcy. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the trituration, 6x. and higher in dilu- 
tions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in ozcena when the nose is red and 
swollen, and the discharge is acrid, bloody and offensive; also 
in laryngitis and bronchitis in the aged. Aphonia is present, 
and the respirations are short, irregular and attended with 
dyspnoea. 

It is of service in tuberculosis and scrofulous affections. 

Compare. — Aurutn muriaticutn] Kali bichromicum. 

HOANG NAN. 

Description. — Natural Order, Loganiaceae. Common 
Name, Tropical bind- weed. Habitat, Tonquin. Prepara- 
tions.— A tincture is prepared of the bark. Dosage. — 
Of the powdered drug, gr. iij-v; of the tincture, TTl j -v - 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in paralysis , also in diseases of the 
skin, as eczema, prurigo, old ulcers, secondary syphilis, can- 
cer, leprosy and serpent bites. 

It should be remembered in pustular eczema, and in prurigo 
in parts that are well supplied with sebaceous glands. It is 
useful in leprosy, as under its action the patient improves, the 
anaesthesia disappears and sensibility returns. 

HOMARUS. 

Description. — Common Name, Lobster. A crustacean of 
the Subclass Podophthalma, Order of Decapoda, Suborder 
Macrura, and Family Homaridse. The digestive fluid found 



302 Blackwood's materia medica. 

just back of the mouth of the live lobster. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 3xto6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is useful in dyspepsia with pain in the stomach 
and abdomen that is relieved after eating. It is of service in 
pharyngitis when the throat is raw, and burns, and in headache 
that is worse in the temples. 

HURA BRASILIENSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Buphorbiaceae. Common 
Name, Assacu. Habitat, Brazil. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the milky juice; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
the tincture, i to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is recommended in leprosy, when the skin 
feels as if it were hide bound. Thereare tense vesicles which 
contain serum. 

HYDRANGEA ARBORESCENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Saxifragaceae. Common 
Name, Seven barks. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in irritation of the urinary organs, 
dependent upon gravel, uric acid and amorphous salts in the 
urine, when there are sharp pain in the urethra, partial sup- 
pression of the urine and pain in the back. It is useful in 
uricacidemia when there are severe pains in the back and the 
urine contains an excess of solid. 

Compare. — Lycopodium, Berberis vulgaris, Uva ursi, 
Chimaphila, Pareira brava. 



HYDRASTIS CANADENSIS. 303 

HYDRASTIS CANADENSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculacese. Common 
Name, Golden seal. Habitat, United States. It contains the 
alkaloids, Hydrastine and Berberine. Preparations. — 
Homoeo., Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Hydrastis, Fluidextractum Hydrastis, Glyceritum 
Hydrastis, Tinctura Hydrastis. Dosage. — Of the mother 
tincture, 1 to 30 drops; of the fluidextract, Tf\ v-xxx; 
of Hydrastine, gr. %-]. 

Physiological Action.— This remedy is a stomachic 
tonic; it assists the appetite and digestion and increases the 
secretion of the gastro-intestinal tract. If it is continued over 
a long period it will derange the digestion and constipation 
will result. It is mildly antiperiodic and a " protoplasmic 
poison, arresting the movements .of the white blood cor- 
puscles." It contains two alkaloids: Hydrastin, which is con- 
sidered to be identical with Berberin, and acts as a tonic anti- 
periodic and causes ringing in ears, and Hydrastis, which ef- 
fects the mucous membrane. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where the natural secretions from 
the mucous membranes are increased; they are clear, white 
and tenacious at first, later they are yellow, green or bloody. 
Its sphere of action extends to all the mucous surfaces whether 
it is applied locally or internally. It has cured jaundice due 
to catarrh of the bile ducts as well as catarrhal states of 
the stomach in those whose face presents a soddeny appear- 
ance. The tongue is yellow and slimy, there are eructations 
of a sour or putrid nature, a gagging and retching in the morn- 
ing, a feeling of distension or a sensation of goneness after 
meals. 

It has been employed in ulcerations of the skin, fissured 
nipples, indolent ulcers, lupus, eczema and leprosy during the 
ulcerative stage. 

It is of service in cases of constipation that are dependent 
upon an inertia or congestion of the lower bowels or when it 



304 Blackwood's materia medica. 

is the result of sedentary habits or purgative medicines. In 
these cases five minims in water before breakfast is often 
highly satisfactory. 

It is useful both locally and internally in cases of nursing 
sore mouth where the tongue is large and shows the imprint of 
the teeth. 

In those suffering from cancer it has given a degree of re- 
lief and improved the general health, and while it may have no 
influence over the cancerous dyscrasia, and but little over car- 
cinoma, it has a favorable influence over scirrhous tumors de- 
veloping in glandular tissue and especially if there is a history 
of atonic dyspepsia, a constipated state of the bowels, flatu- 
lence, distress in the bowels and liver with a broad indented 
tongue and distress after meals. 

Compare. — Nux vomica, Arsenicum album, Berberis 
vulgaris. 

HYDROCOTYLE ASIATICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferae. Common 
Name, Indian pennywort. Habitat, tropical countries. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the dried plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 3 drops; one ounce of the dried 
plant or leaves by infusion in twenty-four hours. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces an intense 
itching of the skin which is general, and is accompanied by 
redness and perspiration. There is pain in the ovarian and 
uterine region and urinary irritation. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy has been employed in the treatment of 
leprosy and eczema, lupus, elephantiasis, psoriasis, acne, 
rosacea and acute granular cervicitis and urinary irritation. 
The skin is covered with a dry eruption often showing great 
thickening with exfoliation of the scales which is most char- 
acteristic. There is a profuse perspiration, at times with pus- 



HVOSCIN^S HYDROBROMAS. 305 

tules, especially upon the chest that are surrounded with scaly 
edges. 

It is indicated in cases of granular cesvicitis where the cer- 
vix uteri is red and is associated with heat and itching of the 
vagina and irritation of the neck of the bladder. There is 
often a profuse leucorrhcea, with a distress in the ovarian 
region. 

Compare. — Sepia, Hydrastis, Arsenicum, 

HYDROPHOBINUM. 

Description. — Hydrophobinum or Lyssin is the virus from 
the mad dog. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Dilutions from the 6th up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic headache. There is a 
pressing boring pain in the forehead. The patient cannot bear 
the sight or sound of running water, as it aggravates. It is 
useful in lyssophobia, also when convulsions appear as the re- 
sult of reflected light, or from water or a mirror. The saliva is 
tough and ropy and causes a constant spitting. There is dys- 
phagia, even spasms of the oesophagus from attempting to 
swallow water. There is a desire to urinate on seeing running 
water. 

Compare. — Cantharis, Belladonna. 

HYOSCINJE HYDROBROMAS. 

Description. — The hydrobromate of an alkaloid derived 
from Hyoscyamus niger. Preparations. — Homoso., Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. U. S. P., Hyoscinse hydrobrornidum. 
Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. ?^o~tJo- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed in physiological doses in the de- 
lirium of typhoid fever, insomnia, mania, insanity and 
chorea. 



306 Blackwood's materia mbdica. 

In the third and fourth decimal trituration it is employed 
in paralysis agitans, tremors of multiple sclerosis and in 
insomnia and delirium of typhoid, a one grain tablet of the 
third decimal repeated hourly usually bringing the desired 
result. 

HYPERICUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Hypericacese. Common 
Name, St. John's wort. Habitat, Europe, Asia and Africa, 
also naturalized in America. Preparations. — Mother tinc- 
ture of the fresh blooming plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an astringent, a sed- 
ative and diuretic. It has a direct action upon the brain and 
spinal cord, where it induces a vascular erethism and conges- 
tion. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated following injuries of the nervous 
tissue, spinal injuries, shocks and concussions, also in spinal 
irritation when there is a throbbing of the whole body without 
fever. It is useful in punctured wounds when the pain is 
severe, showing that a nerve has been injured; also in threat- 
ened lockjaw from a wound the result of treading upon a nail. 

It is of service in neuritis when the surrounding parts are 
inflamed. There is tingling, burning pain, and numbness. It 
is also useful in hysterical joints. It should be remembered 
in headache and meningitis when they are dependent upon an 
injury to the nervous system. 

Compare. — Arnica montana, Staphisagria, Ruta 
graveolens. 

IBBRIS AMARA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cruciferse. Common 
Name, Bitter candy-tuft. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the ripe seeds; and dilutions. Dosage- 
— Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 



IGNATIA AMARA. 307 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in pericarditis, myocarditis, and 
nervous derangements of the heart. There is palpitation of 
the heart with vertigo and choking in the throat. There are 
severe stitching pains in the cardiac region. The pulse is full 
and irregular. All the symptoms are aggravated from motion. 

Compare. — Cactus grandiflora, Digitalis, Amyl nitrite. 

ICHTHYOL.TJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Ammonium ichthyol sul- 
phonate. A tarry distillate from a bituminous mineral con- 
taining fossil-fish. Preparations.. — Tincture of the crude 
tar. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in diseases of the throat, and in 
the winter cough of the aged, also in diseases of the skin and 
mucous membranes. 

It is employed locally in eczema, psoriasis, acne, rosacea 
and intertrigo. 

Compare. — Phellandrium. 

IGNATIA AMARA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Loganiace?e. Common 
Name, Bean of St. Ignatius. Habitat, Phillipine Islands. 
Like Nux vomica, it contains the alkaloids, Strychnine and 
Brucine. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the seeds; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1T[ i — ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a hyper- 
aesthesia of the senses with a tendency toward hysterical 
spasms, and a loss of harmony in the coordination of the 
various portions of the body. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those of a nervous temperament 
who are sensitive and easily excited. They have dark hair, 



308 Blackwood's materia medica. 

and skin, and a mild disposition. ' They have contradictions of 
the symptoms, which are continually changing, there is a fever 
with no thirst ; the sore throat is relieved by swallowing, there 
is a sensitiveness that is relieved by pressure; the chill is re- 
lieved by uncovering and the headache is relieved by stooping. 

It is of service in those suffering from the effects of chagrin 
and grief, when the patient is disposed to brood over her 
troubles. She is introspective, silent, melancholy, given to 
sighing and weeping. 

It is an important remedy in hysteria when there is an ex- 
treme sensitiveness to all external impressions; she laughs and 
cries alternately, and suffers from the globus hystericus and 
passes a large quantity of pale limpid urine. 

It has been employed in epilepsy when the attack was preci- 
pitated by some sudden emotion, also cases of eclampsia are 
relieved by it when dependent upon reflex irritation. It is 
indicated in headaches when the pain is in a limited spot as 
though a nail was being driven into the part. The attacks 
terminate in vomiting and the passage of a large quantity of 
urine. It should be remembered in gastric complaints when 
there is a bitter taste in the mouth with a regurgitation of 
food. There is empty retching that is relieved by taking food. 

It is useful in dry irritating cough. The more the patient 
coughs the more he desires to; this is controlled by an effort 
of the will. 

Compare. — Chamomilla, Coffea cruda, Nux vomica. 

ILLICIUM ANXSATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Magnoliacese. Common 
Name, Star Anise. Habitat, China. .Preparations. - 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the seeds; and dilutions. U. S. P., 
Oleum Anisi. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 30 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in flatulent colic, " the three 
months' colic," when the pain returns with marked regularity 
and is attended with the rumbling of gas in the abdomen. 



INDIUM MKTAIvLICUM. 309 

It is of service in chronic catarrh of the trachea with a 
purulent expectoration and pain in the region of the third 
costal cartilage. 

Compare— Cham o mi I la. 



INDIGO. 

Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosse. Common 
Name, Indigo. Habitat, East Indies and Asia. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the sub- 
stance, gr. j-xx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in neurasthenia and hys- 
teria when associated w 7 ith headache and a sensation as though 
the head was frozen; also in epileptiform spasms, reflex from 
irritation of worms when the patient is low spirited, sad, and 
timid. 

Compare. — Anacardium, Cypripedium. 



INDIUM MBTALLICUM. 

Description. — A metallic element, ductile, silvery, and 
softer than lead. Preparations.— Triturations of the pure 
metal; and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 3X to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is useful in megrim. The pain is in the 
temples and forehead, and is associated with sleeplessness, 
nausea, weakness and a feeling of emptiness in the stomach at 

II A. M. 

It is of service in seminal emissions when there is dimin- 
ished sexual power. The testicles are tender, and there are 
pains along the spermatic cord. 

Compare. — Anacardium , Selenium. 



3io Blackwood's materia medica. 



INGLUVIN. 

Description. — A preparation made from the gizzard of a 
fowl, employed in vomiting. Preparations. — Triturations 
of the crude stuff. Dosage. — Triturations, 2x to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is indicated when there is gastric irritation, with 
pain in the stomach, nausea and delayed digestion of the foods. 
It is especially useful when the above group of symptoms are 
observed in neurasthenia. The vomiting of infants in cholera 
infantum and in prolonged diarrhoeas that are attended with 
nausea. 

It should always be remembered in the persistent vomiting 
of pregnancy, when a powder may be administered before and 
after each meal. 

Compare. — Pepsin, Ipecacuanha. 



INULA HEL.BNIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Common 
Name, Elecampane. Habitat, Europe. Preparations.— 
Mother tincture of the fresh roots; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the mother tincture, i to 60 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an expectorant, 
diuretic, diaphoretic and emmenagogue. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in a teasing, persistent cough with 
a profuse expectoration and a substernal pain. 

It is of service in chronic metritis. The menses are too 
early and painful; there is a violent backache, with labor-like 
pains and a dragging sensation in the pelvic organs, which are 
engorged and relaxed. 

Gompsbre.—Corallium, Viburnum opulus. 



IODIUM. 3II 



IODIUM. 



Description. — Common Name, Iodine. An element, and 
comes in bluish-black crystals of a metallic lustre. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Tincture of the pure Iodine; and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P. y Iodum, Tinctura Iodi, Unguentum Iodi. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture (10 per cent.) , TTL j~ v - 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an irritant, 
stimulating the glandular and lymphatic system to greater 
action. It is followed by depression, during which emaciation 
and atrophy take place. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those with dark hair and eyes 
who are scrofulous. They are weak, get out of breath easily 
when climbing stairs or any ascent; they have an enormous 
appetite, but gradually become emaciated; there is a constant 
formation of gas in the stomach with eructations; the glands 
are enlarged and indurated. 

It is of service in goitre and scrofulous enlargements and 
induration of other glands when the general characteristics of 
the remedy are present. It is useful in croup that is the result 
of long-continued, warm, damp weather. The cough is dry 
and hoarse, and is attended with wheezing and sawing respira- 
tions; the face is pale and cold, and the child grasps the larynx. 

It should be remembered in croupous pneumonia of scrofu- 
lous subjects during the second stage when the hepatization is 
extending. There is great dyspnoea; the fever is high, and 
the sputum contains much blood. It is of benefit in chronic 
bronchitis where there is a tendency to tuberculosis. The 
cough is dry, hacking and fatiguing, and is attended with but 
little expectoration, with itching behind the sternum; there is 
great debility; emaciation even while living well; the glandu- 
lar system often shows involvement. It has also been of ser- 
vice in fibrinous bronchitis. It renders some assistance in 
cancerous degeneration of the cervix when there are cutting 
pains in the abdomen with haemorrhages at every stool. It is 



312 Blackwood's materia medica. 

useful in an acrid, corroding leucorrhoea that stains and cor- 
rodes the linen, and is abundant at the menstrual period. 
Compare. — Spongia tost a, Bromine. 

IODOFORMUM, 

Description. — Common Name, Iodoform. It comes in 
small, lemon-yellow crystals. Preparations. — Homceo. , 
Triturations. U. S. P., Iodoformum. Dosage. — Tritura- 
tions, 2x to 6x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces lassitude, 
nausea, vomiting, headaches, insomnia and rapid pulse. The 
temperature is elevated; there is an eruption upon the skin; 
the liver and kidneys show fatty degeneration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has an extensive application when applied 
directly to the diseased portion. # It is employed in tubercular 
meningitis, both locally and internally. In chronic pulmon- 
ary tuberculosis it is of service wheir there is a distress in the 
apex of the right lung as if it were sore and ulcerated. There 
is a tendency to haemorrhages, and a pain that interferes with 
the expansion of the part. 

IPECACUANHA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rubiacese. Common 
Name, Ipecac. Habitat, Brazil. Preparations. — Homoso., 
Mother tincture of the dried root; and dilutions. U. S« P., 
Ipecacuanha, Fluidextractum Ipecacuanhas. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, i to 10 drops; of the fluidextract, TTL 3- v ~ xx - 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied to the 
skin produces irritation, which is followed by vesicles, pustules 
and ulceration. Inhalations of the powdered root produces in 
some subjects coryza and asthmatic attacks. Taken internally 
it increases the salivary secretion and excites nausea, while 
larger doses result in nausea and vomiting. The bronchial 
mucous membrane is stimulated and the secretions increased. 



IPECACUANHA. 313 

Small doses act as a stimulant to the liver, while larger 
doses act as a cholagogue cathartic. The skin is relaxed and 
moist with perspiration. In moderate amounts it has no action 
upon the circulation apart from the reduced tension of the 
pulse as a result of the act of vomiting; larger doses kill dogs 
by producing cardiac paralysis^ An injection of emetine ex- 
ercises a solvent action upon the red blood corpuscles. Poison- 
ous doses reduce the temperature. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases that are character- 
ized by persistent nausea, with profuse saliva, a clean or 
slightly coated tongue, and vomiting that brings no relief, 
This constant nausea with a disposition to vomit is observed in 
acute and chronic catarrhal conditions of the stomach, de- 
rangements of the stomach from improper food, as rich pastry, 
candy, ice cream, as well as in cases of nausea dependent upon 
pregnancy and chronic alcoholism. As stated above, the 
tongue is clean or slightly coated, the mouth is moist, the face 
is pale, and the stomach feels relaxed as if hanging down. 

This same catarrhal or mucous condition is present in the 
small intestines, and this remedy is of service in cases of diar- 
rhoea in which the stool appears to be fermented like yeast, or 
green as grass, or watery, or is slimy and dysenteric, with more 
or less blood. It is frequently indicated at the beginning of 
the summer diarrhoea of children who have been overeating or 
eating improper food; also in cholera infantum. The face is 
pale, there are dark rings about the eyes, and the child is 
drowsy; there is jerking of the muscles during sleep. It is 
also of service in cases of cholera morbus and cholerine when 
the characteristic stool is present, accompanied with nausea 
and vomiting, with cutting, cramping pains that extend from 
left to right, which are worse about the umbilicus. The body 
becomes rigid and stretched out stiff. 

It is also of service in dysentery, especially the autumnal 
form, which is observed when the cool nights are followed by 
hot days. 

It should be studied in diseases of the respiratory tract dur- 
21 



314 Blackwood's materia medica. 

ing the stage of irritation, of catarrhal inflammation, when the 
secretions are increased. There is a continual sneezing, a dry 
spasmodic cough, dyspnoea and constriction of the asthmatic 
type. These symptoms are observed in cases of humid asthma 
and asthmatic bronchitis that are aggravated during damp 
weather. There is difficult breathing and violent dyspncea 
with wheezing and anxiety about the stomach, and a cough is 
present which terminates in a profuse expectoration of mucus. 
Cases of whooping cough are benefited by it during the catar- 
rhal period when the child loses its breath, turns pale and 
becomes stiff and blue, with strangling, gagging and vomiting 
of mucus, and bleeding at the nose and mouth. 

In headache it is the remedy when the pain is as though the 
bones of the head were bruised. The pain extends down to 
the root of the tongue; the headache is unilateral; the face is 
pale; there are blue rings about the eyes and the corners of 
the mouth are drawn, and there is the deathly and constant 
nausea. ^ 

It is indicated in hemorrhages, either active or passive, in 
which the blood is bright red, from all the orifices of the body, 
and is attended with a constant nausea. Chronic intermittent 
fever, irregular cases that have taken large quantities of 
Quinine, are often relieved by it. The chill is slight, the fever 
is intense, and is attended with nausea, vomiting and dyspncea. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Chamomilla, Cuprum me- 
tallicum, Tartar emetic, Squilla. 

IRIS VERSICOLOR. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iridacese. Common Name, 
Blue flag. Habitat, Europe, India, Africa and United States. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an emetic and a 
cholagogue cathartic; it is also a diuretic. It acts upon the 
salivary glands, liver and pancreas. 



TABOR ANDI, 315 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in periodical sick headaches and 
megrim. The pain is supra-orbital, severe and throbbing in 
character, beginning with a blur before the eyes. At the 
height of the headache there is nausea and vomiting of a sour 
fluid, with great burning in the epigastrium; the mouth and 
tongue feel as if they had been scalded. 

It is of service in gastric and bilious attacks when there is 
severe burning and distress in the stomach, vomiting of a sour, 
acid or sweet substance, with distress in the hepatic region. 
It should be remembered in diarrhoea that is copious and asso- 
ciated with vomiting, which is worse from 2 to 3 a. m. The 
stools are watery, yellowish-green, and mixed with bile; they 
are excoriating and leave the anus raw and excoriated. 

Compare. — Ipecacuanha, Podophyllum, Sangitinaria. 

JABORANDI. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rutacese. Synonym, 
Pilocarpus. Habitat, Brazil. The active principle is Pilo- 
carpine. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the 
dried leaves and stems; and dilutions. U. S. P., Pilocarpus, 
Fluidextractum Pilocarpi. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 
1 to 30 drops; of the fluidextract, 10 drops to 1 drachm. 

Physiological Action. — This agent pioducesa free sweat- 
ing and salivation. The sweat produced by this agent has been 
estimated at from nine to fifteen ounces. In the sweat the 
chlorides are increased, while the urea is increased about five 
times its normal amount. The salivary glands are active, it 
having been estimated that in the hour following the employ- 
ment of the drug one quart of saliva is secreted. The secretion 
of milk is promoted. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in dropsical effusions of the lung 
and in cardiac dropsy, where it produces free diaphoresis and 
quick, renal ascites; hydrothorax and pleuritic effusions. It 
is just as efficacious in renal dropsy. 



316 Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is of service in puerperal, urcemic convulsions. It is 
useful in night-sweats, unilateral sweating, and profuse sweat- 
ing following acute disease. 

It should be remembered in alopecia, its use, if continued 
for a period, restoring gray hair to its natural color. 

Compare. — Picrotoxine, Atropine. 

J AC AR AND A CAROBA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Bignoniacese. Common 
Name, Caroba. Habitat, Brazil. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the fresh flowers; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are feeble-minded, 
masturbators; also in rheumatism and in secondary syphilis. 
It is useful in cystitis and gonorrhoea. The urethra is in- 
flamed and there is a yellow discharge; also in gonorrhceal 
rheumatism in the right knee. 

Compare. — Thuja. 

JALAPA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Convolvulacese. Common 
Name, Jalap. Habitat, southern United States and Mexico. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the heavy, res- 
inous root; and dilutions. U. S. P., Resina Jalapae. Dosage. 
— Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops; of the Resin, gr. ij-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a hydragogic ca- 
thartic. It increases the flow of bile and the intestinal secre- 
tions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea when there is pain 
and griping in- the bowels, with flatulence. The child is good 
all day, but cries and is restless all night.' The stools are thin, 
watery and muddy; the abdomen is distended; the face is cold 
and blue. 

Compare. —Colocynthis, Camphor a. 



JUGLANS CINEREA. 317 



JATROPHA OUROAS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiacese. Synonyms, 
Curcas purgans, Purging nut. Habitat, India and tropical 
America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the ripe seeds; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea and cholera when the 
movements of the bowels are forcible and attended with gur- 
gling within the abdomen; they also come from the anus as 
water from a hydrant. It is attended with coldness, nausea 
and vomiting. 

Compare. — Camphor a, Gamboge', Croton tiglium. 



JUG-LANS CINEREA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Juglandacese. Common 
Name, Butternut. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the fresh inner bark; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic hyperemia of the liver 
There is pain in the hepatic region and under the right scapula, 
and a slight jaundice. It is useful in skin diseases when there 
is a tendency to suppuration, or it is vesicular and erythema- 
tous; also in atonic dyspepsia and indigestion when associated 
with eructations and flatulent distension of the stomach and 
occipital headache. 

It is to be remembered in dysentery and diarrhoea when the 
stools are of a yellowish-green color and attended with tenes- 
mus and burning of the anus. 

Compare. — Chelidonium majus, Bryonia alba. 



318 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



JUGLANS REGIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Juglandaceae. Common 
Name, English walnut. Preparations. Mother tincture of 
the green hull of the unripe fruit; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the mother tincture, i to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in diseases of the skin; come- 
dones, acne on the face, crusta lactea and soreness around the 
ears. There are sharp pains in the occipital region. The 
mind is confused and the head feels as if it was floating in the 
air. 

Compare.— Juglan s cinerea. 

JTJNCTJS EFFUSUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Juncaceae. Common 
Name, Bullrush. Habitat, Europe, Asia and America. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in dysuria, strangury and 
ischuria, 

JUNIPERUS VIRGINIANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Coniferse. Common 
Name, Red cedar. Habitat, North America. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh twigs; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is useful in hyperemia of the kidneys. There 
is weight in the region of the kidneys. The urine is scanty, 
or suppressed. It is to be remembered in dropsy with sup- 
pression of the urine, especially in the aged. 

Compare. — Apocynum cannabinum, Terebinthina. 



KALI ARSBNICOSUM. 319 

JUSTICIA ADHATODA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Acanthacese. Common 
Name, in Hindi and Bengali, Bakus or Basuk. Habitat, India. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This is one of the most ancient drugs in India, the most 
highly valued by the Auyurvedie cult, who claim that no 
death can occur from " cough ' if this remedy is used in time. 
Its field of use is in " colds" coryza, cough of any kind, vomit- 
ing, bronchitis, pneumonia, phthisis, spitting of blood, fever, 
jaundice, loss of appetite, and constipation. These ailments 
are what the ancient cult use it for. 

Provings developed catarrh, violent sneezing, watering 
eyes, profuse coryza, loss of appetite, vomiting, liver pains, 
hoarseness and very painful suffocative cough with blood 
streaked mucus and high temperature. It was proved by two 
men twenty-seven and thirty-two years of age, and each ex- 
perienced practically the same symptoms, which have been 
clinically verified. 

KALI ARSENICOSUM. 

Description.— Synonyms, Solution of Potassium Arsenite, 
Fowler's Solution. This is an opalescent or pinkish solution. 
Preparations. — U. S. P., Liquor Potasii Arsenitis. Dos- 
age. — Of the pure solution, TTL X _v > wen< diluted after meals. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

In physiological doses it is employed in malarial and 
ty p ho -malarial fever . As a homoeopathic agent it is employed 
in various forms of skin diseases; acne that is worse during 
menstruation, eczema with intolerable itching while walking, 
undressing, and from heat; also lichen, psoriasis, and in fis- 
sures at the bend of the elbows, and knees; gouty nodosities. 

Compare.— Arsenicum album, Chininum arsenicostcm. 



320 Blackwood's materia medica. 



KALI BICHROMICTJM. 

Description. — Common Name y Bichromate of Potassium. 
It comes in large orange-red, transparent crystals. Prepara- 
tions.--- Homceo. , Mother tincture (10 per cent, solution), 
triturations and dilutions. U. S. P., Potassii Bichromas. 
Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. T V~|. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an irritant and 
caustic. The mucous secretions are increased, are tough, 
stringy and contain pus. False membranes are formed with a 
tendency to ulceration. There are papules, pustules and 
ulcers of the skin. The fibrous tissues about the joints are 
irritated. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are light haired, fat, 
and chubby. Children who are disposed to croup and affec- 
tions of the mucous membranes when the discharge consists of 
tough, stringy mucus which adheres to the parts and can be 
drawn out into long strings. The ulcers have a tendency to 
perforate. 

It is useful in acute coryza and catarrh of the larynx, 
trachea, and bronchi, also in membraneous croup when the 
process tends to extend downward. The cough is hoarse and 
metallic, the expectoration consists of tough mucus and fibro- 
elastic casts. In other cases the tonsils are inflamed, the 
uvula is oedematous and there are ulcers which secrete a 
purulent material. The tongue is coated yellow at the base, 
and the discharge is ropy, tenacious and stringy. It will re- 
lieve a most chronic nasal catarrh when there are lumps in the 
nose which are hard and green, and which leave ulcers that 
tend to perforate deeply. 

It is useful in chronic catarrh and ulceration of the ali- 
mentary canal, also in the dyspepsia that results from excessive 
drinking of beer. The tongue has a superficial coating. There 
is a vomiting of mucus after the slightest food of any form, 
especially meat. It should! be remembered in chronic bron* 



KALI BROMATUM. 32 1 

chitis when the cough is hoarse and croupy. There is hoarse- 
ness and tightness of the epigastrium, and the expectoration is 
tenacious and viscid. It is indicated in muscular rheumatism 
in small spots that can be covered by the ringer. The pain 
shifts rapidly from one part to another. It should be remem- 
bered in hepatic derangements when the skin is yellow, sallow, 
and covered with pimples. There is a dull pain in the right 
hypochondrium. The stools are light colored, there may be a 
morning diarrhoea when the stools are watery and are attended 
with tenesmus. 

It is useful in periodical supra-orbital headaches which be- 
gin with a loss of vision which returns as the pain increases. 

Compare. — Bromium, Iodine, Hepar sulphuris. 



KALI BROMATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Potassium Bibromate. It 
comes in white, glistening, cubical crystals. Preparations. 
— Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the substance, 
gr. j-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as a depressant 
of the motor and sensory nerves which terminates in paralysis 
if it is continued. The gait becomes trembling, uncertain, and 
there is a lack of coordination. The capillaries are so con- 
tracted, metabolism is interfered with and anaemia results. 
The breath is offensive, and there is an eruption on the skin 
which at first is papular but in time becomes pustular and 
furuncular in character. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are fleshy and are 
afflicted with epilepsy, of the severest type of convulsions, 
with cerebral congestion, and vascular congestion of the 
retina. The patient is melancholy, has loss of memory, which 
appears to be destroyed. It is of service in delirium tremens 
when the face is flushed and the eyes congested. The de- 
lirium is active, and the pulse is quick and tense. 



322 BLACKWOOD 'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

It is useful in cerebral irritation, with congestion during 
dentition and acute diseases, also in nervous restlessness when 
the patient cannot keep still but must move, keeps the hand 
and fingers moving — " fidgety hands." 

It is beneficial in anesthesia of the fauces, larynx, urethra, 
and entire body, with an unsteady gait, walking is difficult. 

It is indicated in spermatorrhoea from excessive sexual de- 
sire, amorous dreams and nocturnal emissions. It is employed 
in somnambulism and the night tremors of children, also for 
restlessness and sleeplessness due to worry and grief of any 
form. It has relieved spasmodic, dry, croupy, nervous, hysteri- 
cal cough, when the result of a neurosis or reflex irritation. It 
should be remembered in }^oung fleshy people with acne of a 
bluish-red color and pustular, leaving bluish-red scars. 

Compare. — Hyoscyamus, Acidum phosphoricum, Acidum 
sulphuricum. 



KALI CARBONICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Carbonate of Potassium. 
Prepared according to Hahnemann's method it is a clear, thick 
liquor. Preparations. — Triturations and dilutions from 
Hahnemann's preparation. Dosage. — Triturations, 2x to 6x, 
and higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action.— This agent acts upon the mu- 
cous membranes of the respiratory and digestive tract, produc- 
ing congestion. It is a diuretic and renders the urine alkaline. 
The serous membranes are dry and there are sticking pains. 
The fibrin of the blood is increased. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in fat, aged and obese subjects 
who are sensitive to every atmospheric change, who suffer 
from rheumatism and cannot endure cold weather. The pulse 
is soft and compressible. They perspire easily, are weak and 
prostrated and suffer from backache, and have little sacks over 
the eyes. There are sharp stitching, darting pains that are felt 



KALI CHLORICUM. 323 

at any part and at any time, all the conditions are worse at 3 

A. M. 

It is of service in diseases of zvomen, when the menses ap- 
pear too early, are too profuse or last too long. They are of a 
pungent odor and very acrid. There is severe pain in the 
back which feels as if it would break. Amenorrhcea with 
backache. It is useful in dyspepsia of the aged, of the weak, 
anaemic and exhausted, who are always tired, and who suffer 
from backache; they are faint before eating and there is much 
flatulence after eating, with sour eructations, which gives re- 
lief. It is beneficial in pulmonary affections, the cough being 
worse from 2 to 3 A. M. There are sticking pains through the 
lower portion of the right lung, with puffiness of the face and 
an expectoration that is difficult and tenacious. Frequently 
there are profuse night sweats, which leave the patient pros- 
trated and liable to take cold easily. 

It should be studied in chronic rheumatism when there are 
drawing, darting, shooting pains. 

Compare. — Phosphorus, Bryonia alba, Lycopodium. 

KALI CHLORECUM. 

Description. — Common Xante, Chlorate of Potash. It 
comes in colorless, lustrous, monoclinic prisms or plates. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Potassii Chloras. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. 
j-xx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is an acute ulcerative 
process, septic discharge and a decay of animal tissue going on. 
It is useful in follicular and ulcerative stomatitis. The mouth 
and gums are tender, the saliva is foetid and purulent, the 
tongue is coated and there are ulcers with gray bases over the 
mucous surfaces. This same process may involve the stomach, 
when there is a sensation of weight and burning in the epi- 
gastric region. It is of service following confinement when 
infection has taken place and septicaemia is developing. 

Compare. — Echinacea angustifolia, Acidum salicylicum. 



324 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



KALI OYANATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Cyanide of Potassium. It 
comes in white, opaque, amorphous pieces, or white granular 
powder. Preparations. — Homceo. , Triturations, and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Potassii Cyanidum. Dosage. — Triturations, 
3x to 6x, and dilutions. Of the substance, y% gr. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sick headaches, neuralgia and 
sciatica. The neuralgia occurs at the same hour and is in the 
orbital or supra-orbital region. It is excruciating and is at- 
tended with screaming and loss of consciousness. 

It has been employed in cancer of the tongue. 

Compare. — Acidum hydro cyanic urn, Stannum, Mez- 
ereum. 

KALI FERROCYANATUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Potassium Ferrocyanide. 
It comes in large, soft, transparent, yellow crystals. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., 
Potassii Ferrocyanidum. Dosage. — Of the triturations, 2x 
to 6x, and higher in dilutions; of the crude, gr. v-xv. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been of service in uterine flexion when 
there are bearing down pains in the uterus. There is a pro- 
fuse, pus-like, non-irritating leucorrhcea, at times there is a 
passive haemorrhage from the uterus that is attended with de- 
bility. 

It is useful in functional disorders of the heart. The action 
of the heart is weak, and the pulse is small and irregular. The 
patient is anaemic, chlorotic, and suffers from dyspnoea. 



KALI HYPOPHOSPHOfcOSUM. 325 



KALI HYPOPHOSPHOROSUM. 

Description.— Common Name, Hypophosphite of Potas- 
sium. It is a white, opaque, crystalline mass or a granular 
powder. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P. , Potassii Hypophosphis. Dosage. — Of the 
salt, gr. v-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces debility at- 
tended with wasting of the muscular tissue. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in weak and debilitated subjects 
who suffer from, great muscular debility ; there is atony and 
pallor of the tongue and mucous membranes, with muscular 
soreness, tenderness and pain. It should be remembered in 
this class of subjects when suffering from phthisis, bronchitis, 
with chronic cough, with irritation and pain in the chest. The 
pulse is weak, emaciation is taking place, and there is pain 
about the chest wall. It should be remembered in phosphaturia 
when there is a history of prolonged lactation, catarrhal or 
leucorrhceal discharges, also when there is a profuse secre- 
tion of pus, and there is a state of general anaemia or leu- 
cocythemia developing. It is useful in oxaluria. The den- 
sity of the urine is increased, the patient is despondent, suf- 
fers from dyspepsia and is becoming emaciated. There is fre- 
quently a high degree of anaemia with chronic muscular rheu- 
matism of the chest and limbs. The respirations are short and 
labored during the early morning hours, the pulse is slow and 
weak, and the face is pale. 

It relieves the effects of excessive tea drinking and the 
sharp shooting pains about the chest and shoulders which ac- 
company these cases; and corrects the constipation, flatulence, 
and despondency and renders the patient more cheerful. The 
appetite is also increased. It should be studied in cases of 
chronic pneumonia with myalgic pains and in the asthmatic 
difficulties of those suffering from phthisis, and chronic bron- 
chitis when the muscular debility and soreness and anaemia 



326 Blackwood's materia medica. 

are prominent in the case. Also in diseases of children, as 
rickets, when there is debility, fretfulness, diarrhoea, delayed 
dentition and delayed closing of the fontanelles. 

Compare. — Aciduni phosphoricum, Calcarea carbonica y 
Phosphorus, Rumex crispns, Sanguinaria. 

KALI IODATUM. 

Description.- -Synonyms, Kali hydriodicum, Potassium 
iodide. It forms colorless, transparent, cubical crystals. 
Preparations. — Homoeo., Triturations, and dilutions. 
CI. S. P., Potassii Iodidum. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. 
j-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a catarrhal 
inflammation of the mucous lining of the nares, frontal sinuses, 
and antrum of Highmore. The mucous surfaces of the mouth 
and throat are reddened. The stomach is irritated and the di- 
gestion deranged. There is nausea^ loss of appetite and a 
watery diarrhoea, with congestion and catarrhal inflammation of 
the lungs. Upon the skin acne is developed. The glands are 
hypertrophied and indurated. The periosteum is thickened, 
and dropsical effusions take place into the serous cavities. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in secondary and tertiary syphilis 
when there are periosteal thickenings, induration of the liga- 
ments and fascia, and a watery discharge and coryza with pain 
in the frontal sinuses. It is of service in skin eruptions, iritis, 
irido-choriditis, and most severe headaches with nocturnal 
pains when they are dependent upon syphilis. 

It is useful in coryza and lachrymation when there is vio- 
lent sneezing with acrid water running from the nose, and 
great redness of the nose, throat, and pharynx. There are 
throbbing and burning pains in the nasal and frontal bones, 
with ulceration of the cartilages, and, as a result, there is a 
foul, sickening smell and a discharge of green plugs or yellow 
pus. The gums recede from the teeth, which are loose, the 
breath is offensive and there is a bloody saliva. It should be 



KALI MURIATICUM. 327 

remembered in all glandular enlargements when dependent 
upon syphilis. 

It has been extensively used in aneurism and a?igina pec- 
toris when there is arterial degeneration, especially of a 
syphilitic origin. It is indicated in chronic bronchitis and 
pulmonary syphilis, when there is a purulent expectoration, 
with exhausting night sweats and loose stools. In some of 
these cases there may be associated an oedema of the lungs and 
asthma. All exhibitions of syphilis of the nervous system 
may demand this remedy as well as in effusion into the various 
serous cavities. It acts as an antidote in lead poisoning. 

Compare. — Iodine, Mercurius, Mezereum. 



KALI MURIATICUM. 

Description.— c~b /;/;;/ c// Name, Chloride of Potassium. It 
consists of white, odorless, permanent cubes. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tritura- 
tions, 3X to I2x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated \\\ catarrhal affections, in subacute 
inflammations when infiltration into the interstitial connective 
tissue has taken place; and in gla?idular swelling. There is a 
white or gray coating at the base of the tongue, an expectora- 
tion of a thick white phlegm and aggravation from the eating 
of fat or rich food and pastry. It is of service in catarrhal in- 
flammation of the middle ear, with thickening of the struct- 
ures. The ear feels stuffy, as though it were obstructed. The 
glands about the ear are swollen. There is snapping in the 
ears with noises, and hearing is defective. 

It is useful in diseases of the eye, as parenchymatous 
keratitis and in asthenic ulcers of the cornea, with but little 
photophobia, pain or lachrymation; also in tonsillitis, pharyn- 
gitis, and diphtheria when there is a gray or white exudate 
and patches on the parts. It should be remembered in dys- 
pepsia when fatty and rich food causes distress. The liver is 



328 Blackwood's materia medica. 

inactive, the tongue has a white or gray coat and the bowels 
are constipated. 

It should be studied during the second stage of bronchitis 
when the sputum is thick, and white; in pneumonia during the 
stage of hepatization when the tongue is white or gray and the 
sputum is white and viscid. It should be remembered in 
rheumatic fever when there is an effusion about the joints. 
The pain is felt during motion, and is increased by it. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Mercurius, Pulsatilla. 

KALI NITRICUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Nitrate of Potassium, 
Nitre, Saltpetre. It comes in colorless, transparent crystals, 
or crystalline powder. Preparations. — Homceo., Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. U. S. P. , Potassii Nitras. Dosage.— Of 
the substance, gr. j-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in rheumatic and myalgic condi- 
tions when the urine is strongly acid and when the solids are 
greatly increased. 

It is useful in the relief of asthma by saturating a blotting 
paper and, after drying, burning it in the room. 

KALI PERMANGANICTJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Permanganate of Potas- 
sium. It comes in very dark purple, prismatic crystals, having 
a metallic lustre. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Potassii Permanganas. Dosage. — 
Of the crude, gr. j-ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant and 
antiseptic, readily parting with its oxygen. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in septic conditions when the parts 
are pale, flabby and unhealthy. The tissues are infiltrated and 



KALI PHOSPHORICUM. 329 

show a tendency to slough and lack reparative power. The 
vitality is lowered and in a weakened condition. Its more ex- 
tensive use has been as a local application to wounds, chronic 
catarrhal cystitis, open cancer, infections of the nose and 
throat, and in the cleansing of abscess cavities. 

It has been employed in amenorrhoza of an atonic char- 
acter. The dose in these cases has been one grain after each 
meal. It has recently been used as an antidote to Opium, or- 
ganic acids, and Phosphorus poisoning when it is administered 
in full doses. 

KALI PHOSPHORICUM, 

Description.— Common Name,, Phosphate of Potassium. 
It generally comes as a white amorphous mass. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tritura- 
tions, 3X to I2x, and in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in derangements of the nervous 
system, as neurasthenia, prostration, insomnia, loss of mental 
vigor, and muscular debility following acute diseases. The 
patient is gloomy, depressed, with a loss of memory and a 
tendency to look on the dark side of things. It is of service 
in melancholia and mania that arise as a result of overstrain of 
the mind or from an exhausting drainage that affects the 
nerve centres, also homesickness, when haunted by visions of 
the past. 

It is useful in enuresis, when dependent upon paralysis of 
the sphincter and a general weakness in the aged. 

It should be remembered in low typhoid conditions when 
there is mental depression and delirium. The tongue is dry, 
brown, and there are sordes upon the teeth. The breath is of- 
fensive. There is a putrid diarrhoea and the patient is pros- 
trated. It is indicated in the headache of those who are ex- 
hausted, students who have overstudied. The pain is relieved by 
gentle motion and is attended with a weary, empty, gone feel- 
ing in the region of the stomach. 

Compare. — Gelsemium, Zincum, Muriatic acid. 
22 



33° Blackwood's materia medica. 



KALI SALICYLICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Salicylate of Potassium. 
It is a white, slightly deliquescent powder. Preparations. — 
Triturations. Dosage. — 2x to 6x trituration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the nausea of pregnancy, also 
in arterial sclerosis when associated with a chronic rheumatic 
condition. 



KALI SILICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Potassium Silicate, Soluble 
glass. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Triturations, 2x to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in rheumatism, gout, and 
nodosities. 



KALI SULPHTJRICTJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Potassium Sulphate. It 
comes in hard, colorless crystals, or in a white powder. 
Preparations. — Homceo. , Trituration, and dilutions. U. S. P. , 
Potassii Sulphas. Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. j-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated during the third stage of inflam- 
mation, when the discharge is yellow. There is an evening 
rise of temperature. The patient feels better while in the cool 
air. It is of service in conjunctivitis when the discharge from 
the eyes is yellow. 

It is useful during the last stages of bronchitis and broncho- 
pneumonia when there is rattling of mucus in the chest. The 
cough is worse during the evening, and in a warm atmos- 



KALMIA LATIFOLIA. 331 

phere. The sputum is yellow. It should be remembered in 
rheumatism, when the pains are worse from warmth, and 
wander and shift about. 

Compare. — Pulsatilla, Kali bichromicum. 

KALMIA LATIFOLIA. 

Description. — Xattiral Order, Ericaceae. Common 
Name, Mountain Laurel. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent causes great distress 
in the region of the medulla oblongata. There are muscular 
pains and tingling that simulate an acute non-febrile rheuma- 
tism; these are followed by numbness. The pains may leave 
the extremities suddenly and go to the heart. The pulse is 
slow and weak. There is nausea and dimness of vision. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is indicated in acute rheumatism, neuralgia and gouty 
complaints. The heart is involved secondarily, or the rheu- 
matism alternates between the heart and extremities. The 
rheumatic pains are severe; they change their location 
quickly from one point to another. The joint may be hot, 
swollen and tender. The pains are worse from motion, and 
are sticking, darting, and shooting in character. They extend 
from the centre toward the periphery and are accompanied or 
succeeded by numbness of the affected part. 

Rheumatic pains of the bones, as if the periosteum was 
torn off and along the ulnar nerve. They are worse at night. 
There is severe pain in the right eye and orbit of a stitching 
character and a sensation of stiffness in the muscles of the 
eyes, which is worse from moving the eyes. It begins at sun- 
rise, increases as the day advances and disappears at sunset. 
The pulse is slow and very weak, thirty-five to forty per 
minute. The face is pale and the extremities are cold. 

Compare. — Ledum, Spigeiia, Rhus toxicodendron. 



33 2 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



KAOLINUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Kaolin, China Clay. A 
clay which is a mixture of aluminous and silicious earths. 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
m the triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in membranous laryngitis and in 
bronchitis. There is soreness of the chest and the trachea to 
the touch. 

Compare. — Hepar sulphuris, Spongia tosta, Bromine, 
Iodine. 

KOCH'S LYMPH. 

Description. — Koch's Lymph, or Tuberculin, is an extract 
of the products of pure cultures of -the tubercle bacillus. 
Preparations.— Dilutions. Dosage*. — 3X to 6x dilutions, 
t. i. d. for 6 days, rest for 2 to 4 days and repeat. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in. interstitial nephritis, 
also in broncho-pneumonia of tubercular patients when reso- 
lution is delayed. 

KRAMERIA. 

Description — Natural Order, Polygalaceae. Synonym, 
Ratanhia. Habitat, Peru and Bolivia. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the dried root; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Krameria, Kxtractum Kramerise, Fluidextractum 
Kramerise, Tinctura Kramerise. Dosage. — Of the mother tinc- 
ture, 1 to 20 drops; of the extract, gr. v-x; of the fluidextract, 

Physiological Action. —This agent is an astringent; it 
produces constipation, dyspepsia, and fissures of the skin and 
mucous surfaces. 



KREOSOTUM. 333 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in fissure of the anus. There is 
excruciating pain after each stool, accompanied with burning 
and tenesmus which may last for hours. There is constipation , 
and the stools are hard and evacuated with great straining, and 
a protrusion of haemorrhoids, which is followed by long lasting 
aching and burning in the anus. There is pain in the rectum. 

It has been employed in cases of pterygium when there 
was a sensation as of a skin before the eyes. Fissures in the 
nipples of nursing women have been healed by its use. 

Compare. — Graphites , Natrum m uriaticu m . 

KREOSOTUM. 

Description. — Synonyms^ Creosotum, Creosote. A liquid 
mixture of phenols obtained during the distillation of wood- 
tar. Preparations. — Homoso., Mother tincture, and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Creosotum, Aqua Creosoti. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
membranes, producing a catarrhal condition with a tendency to 
disorganization and destruction of the tissues. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in tall, overgrown, poorly nour- 
ished patients who are irritable, suffer from offensive and 
putrid discharges, which excoriate. There is a tendency to 
haemorrhage, and every emotion and excitement produces a 
throbbing that extends through the body. 

It is useful in painful dentition of children and in odontal- 
gia dependent upon caries. The child is wrinkled, looks old, 
the gums are painful, swollen, dark-red or blue and the teeth 
decay almost as soon as they appear. It is of service in the 
hemorrhagic diathesis, when small wounds bleed freely. 
The flow is passive, dark, attended with great prostration. 

It should be remembered in profuse and prolonged men- 
struation; the flow intermits, she thinks she is through when 



334 Blackwood's materia medica. 

it returns again and again. It should also be remembered 
when the lochia is excoriating and very offensive. It almost 
ceases and then starts up again. It is of service in leucorrhcea 
when it is acrid, corrosive and offensive, worse between the 
periods, has the odor of green corn, stains the linen yellow; 
there is violent itching of the pudenda and vagina and a ten- 
dency to bloody oozing. 

It should be studied in gastric derangements and vomiting 
of a sweetish water that is of reflex origin from the uterus, 
kidneys, or liver, the vomiting of pregnancy, during denti- 
tion, and in malignant affections of the stomach. After eat- 
ing there is a burning pain in the stomach and a sense of ful- 
ness and nausea, with the vomiting of the food, that comes up 
as taken, except that it is sour. 

It is of service in bronchitis and tuberculosis when the 
cough is moist, the expectoration copious, offensive, greenish 
yellow and the respirations are rapid. It is a most useful rem- 
edy in chronic bronchitis with an offensive expectoration. 

Compare. — Antimonium tartaricum, Arsenicum album, 
Acid um carbolic um, Carbo vegetabilis. 

LAC CANINUM. 

Description. — Bitche's milk. Dosage. — 6th dilution 
and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are nervous, restless 
and highly sensitive, who are despondent, hopeless, very for- 
getful, absent minded and suffer from chronic "blues." It is 
of value in diphtheria when exudation begins upon the left 
side and goes to the right or changes sides repeatedly. The 
deposit has a shining, glazed appearance. The saliva is pro- 
fuse and there is a constant inclination to swallow. There is 
great prostration. It is also of use in tonsillitis when the 
symptoms change from side to side. It has been employed in 
rheumatism when the pains are erratic and shift from side to 
side. 

Compare. — Lachesis. 



i,achesis. 335 



LAC DEFLORATTJM. 

Description. — Skimmed milk. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture, and dilutions. Dosage. — 6th dilution and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been of service in hemicrania, chronic 
constipation, and fain 'tn ess in those with defective nutrition. 
It is indicated in the throbbing frontal headaches of anaemic 
subjects, during the menstrual period, headache with nausea, 
vomiting, obstinate constipation and a profuse flow of urine 
during the pain. 

It is employed in large quantities in diabetes. 

LACHESIS. 

Description. — Synonyms, Trigonocephalus L,achesis. 
This snake of the Order Ophidiae, Family Crotalidae is a viper 
that is found in the hot countries of South America. Prep- 
arations. — Triturations of the venom extracted from the 
live snake. Dilutions from the 6x trituration. Dosage. — 
Triturations, 6x to I2x, and higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action.— This agent produces irritation 
of the larynx, trachea, and heart. The blood is decomposed 
and haemorrhages result. A low asthenic condition is de- 
veloped, which is followed by convulsions and unconscious- 
ness. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is hypersensitiveness 
of the body, and especially to the clothing about the neck. 
The patient feels worse after a sleep. The complaints are 
mostly upon the left side of the body, and many of them ap- 
pear at the climacteric period. It should be studied in mania 
when there is great loquacity, the patient is restless and wants 
to be on the move, is jealous, fears being poisoned, refuses the 
medicine, and believes she is under a super-human power. . 



336 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

It is of service in headache that occurs from the heat of the 
sun. They are attended with a very pale face, also headaches 
and coryza that are the result of a cold and are relieved as soon 
as the discharge is established. 

It is indicated in facial erysipelas upon the left side; at first 
it is bright red, but later it becomes dark bluish, or purplish. 
The cellular tissue is infiltrated. The patient is weak, drowsy, 
and may be delirious. 

It should be remembered in chronic pharyngitis and 
laryngitis, when there is much hawking of mucus which can- 
not be forced up or down. There is a sensation of a lump in 
the left side of the throat which seems to go up and down 
when swallowing. The throat is sensitive to touch, the dis- 
tress is worse after sleep. It is also of service in diphtheria 
when there is great difficulty in swallowing, great fetor, and 
the parts are purple and livid. 

It is useful when there is congestion of the left ovary. It 
is swollen and indurated. The distress is relieved by a dis- 
charge of blood from the uterus. The menses are scanty, 
black and offensive and the pains are relieved as the flow 
starts. It benefits those suffering from climacteric troubles 
when there is palpitation of the heart, flashes of heat, haemor- 
rhages, vertex, headache and fainting. All the complaints are 
worse after sleep and she cannot endure anything tight about 
the throat or waist. 

It relieves diarrhoea when the stools are of fensive and there 
is a constant urging and hammering in the rectum. It is also 
of use in constipation when the anus is sensitive and feels con- 
stricted. 

It should be remembered in pneumonia when a septic con- 
dition is threatened. The expectoration consists of pus and 
blood, and there is a profuse perspiration over the body, also 
in all forms of septic inflammations when the parts are sensi- 
tive, of a bluish appearance and there is an offensive odor 
from the surfaces. 

Compare. — Acidum nitricum, Cro talus horridus, 
Natrum muriaticum. 



I, APIS A LB US, 337 



LACHNANTHES. 

Description. — Natural Order, Haemorodaceae. Common 
Names, Red root, Spirit weed. Habitat, United States. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant in flower; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions, 3X to 30th. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in migraine; the pain is upon the 
right side of the head and extending to the jaw. The parts 
feel enlarged and painful and are made w T orse from the least 
noise. It is of service in rheumatism of the neck. The parts 
are stiff and pain as if dislocated. It has been employed where 
there is hoarseness and a laryngeal cough. 

Compare. — Dulcamara, Bryonia alba. 

LACTUCA VIROSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Common 
Xante, Poisonous Lettuce. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. 
—Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage, — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a constant tickling 
cough with phthisis which threatens to burst the chest. There 
is difficult suffocative breathing from hydrothorax. 

It is also useful in mild cases of delirium tremens and in- 
somnia, when it is impossible to get to sleep. There is cold- 
ness of the extremities. 

Compare. — Drosera, Coffea cruda. 

LAPIS ALBUS. 

Description. — Silico Fluoride of Calcium. A mineral sub- 
stance found floating in the spring of Gastein, Germany. 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 



338 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in enlargement of the lymphatic 
glands when they have a soft and doughy feel and are movable. 
It is useful in non-encapsulated goitre. 
Compare. — Calcarea iodata, Conium, Badiaga. 

LATRODECTTJS MAOTANS. 

Description. — A spider of the Genus Retitelariae, of the 
Family Theridiidae. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the 
live insect; and dilutions. Dosage. — 6x trituration, and 
higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in the relief of angina pectoris. 

LATHYRUS SATIVUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosse. Common 
Names, Wild vetch, Chick pea. Habitat, Levant. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the dried seeds; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces symptoms 
that simulate paraplegia, which is worse during damp and wet 
weather. The leg becomes stiff, the gait is unsteady, and 
there is aching of the parts, without severe pain. These 
symptoms have been attributed to a transverse myelitis with 
degeneration of the cord, as sclerosis of the pyramidal tract. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of spastic para- 
plegia, in chronic myelitis with marked spastic symptoms, in 
cases where there is an excessive knee-jerk with rigidity of the 
parts, also in cases of spinal ancemia and in multiple sclerosis. 

The cardinal indications for this remedy are the sudden loss 
of power in the lower extremities, with rigidity of the legs, 
spastic gait, which is often tremulous. The onset of the dis- 
ease is sudden and it is aggravated by coldness and damp 
weather. 

Compare. — Zincum picricum, Argentum nitricum. 



LEDUM PAI,USTRE. 339 



LAUROCERASUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosaceae. Common 
Xante, Cherry laurel. Habitat, the Levant. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the mature fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is lack of reaction 
from diseases of the heart and lungs; also for the cyanosis of 
children when a little exercise produces gasping for breath; 
also dyspnoea that is worse in the open air and while sitting up. 

Compare. — Acidu m hydro cyan icum . 

LEDUM PALUSTRE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ericaceae. Common 
Names, Wild rosemary, Marsh tea. Habitat, northern parts 
of Europe, Asia and America. Preparation. — Mother tinc- 
ture of the fresh herb; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tinc- 
ture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the rheumatic diathesis, when 
the disturbance begins in the feet and extends to the body. 
The secretions are altered and deposits take place about the 
joints. There is cracking in the joints, while the ankles are 
swollen and the soles of the feet are painful. 

It is indicated in gout by much the same group of symp- 
toms. The pains are worse while the parts are warm and are 
relieved by cold, although the patient is chilly. 

It should be remembered in wounds made by pointed instru- 
ments. 

It is also of service as an antidote to Rhus poison as well as 
the sting of insects. 

Compare. — Rhus toxicodendron, Hamamelis, Arnica 
montana, Bellis perennis. 



340 Blackwood's materia medica. 



LBMNA MINOR. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,emnaceae. Common 
Name, Duckweed. Habitat, North America. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the green scum; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nasal polypi, hypertrophy of 
the turbinates with post-nasal catarrh, and in atrophic rhinitis. 
All the complaints are worse during damp, rainy weather. 

Compare. — Venerium , Sanguinaria. 

LEPTANDRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Scrophulariacese. Common 
Names, Culver's root, Black root. Habitat, United States. It 
contains a glucoside named L,eptandrin. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., L,eptandra, Bxtractum Leptandrse, Fluidextractum 
L,eptandrae. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops; 
of the extract, gr. j-iij; of the fluidextract, TTL xx ~ Sub- 
therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in hepatic derangements accom- 
panied with despondency. There is a dull frontal headache, 
vertigo, and drowsiness. The tongue is coated yellow. There 
is aching and tenderness in the hepatic region that extends to 
the stomach. The stool is black, tarry, and fcetid. 

Compare. — Iris versicolor, Ptelea, Myrica. 



LIATRIS SPICATA 






Description. — Natural Order, Conipositse. Common 
Name, Button snake-root. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops; of a decoction, 2 to 3 
ounces, 3 to 4 times a day. 



LILIUM TIGRINUM. 341 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This agent is employed in gonorrhoea, gleet, and nephritis 
with dropsy. 

T.TT.TUM TIGRINUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Liliaceae. Common Name, 
Tiger lily. Habitat, China and Japan. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the uterus 
and ovaries producing irritation and congestion and subacute 
inflammations. Reflexly it affects the heart and nearly all the 
other organs of the body. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nervous hysterical women with 
uterine and cardiac diseases. 

There is a prolapsus uteri with a bearing-down in the 
uterine region, which is relieved by pressure applied to the 
vulva. The menses appear too early, are scanty, dark, and of- 
fensive. She flows only when moving about, it ceases when 
she is quiet. 

In connection with uterine trouble there is melancholia so 
that she can hardly avoid w T eeping, is very timid and anxious 
about her disease, believes it may be organic and cannot be 
cured; she fears being alone, or that she will become insane. 
In other cases there is mania, and she curses, strikes, and has 
obscene thoughts, is wild and crazy. There may be a severe 
headache, or a sensation as if the heart was grasped in a vise, 
or as if the heart was congested and full to bursting. 

Compare. — Cimicifuga racemosa, Cactus grandiflora, 
Helonias. 



342 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



LINARIA VULGARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Scrophulariacese. Com- 
mon Name, Toad flax. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the patient faints dead away 
without apparent cause, also in enuresis when there is painful 
and frequent urging to urinate. 

LITHIUM BENZOATE. 

Description. — Common Name, Benzoate of Lithium. A 
white, light, crystalline powder. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P. , Lithii Benzoas. Dosage. 
— Of the crude, gr. j-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed to diminish uric acid deposits and 
relieves cystic irritation dependent upon an excess of sand in 
the urine. 



LITHIUM BROMATUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Lithium Bromidum, Bromide 
of Lithium. This is a white, granular salt. Preparations. — 
Homoeo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Lithii 
Bromidum. Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. iij-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of threatened apoplexy, 
or cerebral congestion, when there is numbness, vertigo, head- 
ache, and flushed face. 

It is also of service in insomnia, and epilepsy. 

Compare. — Belladonna, Veratrum viride. 



LOBELIA. 343 



LITHIUM CARBONICUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, lithium (Allen's Encycl.), 
Lithii Carbonas, Carbonate of Lithium. Preparations. — 
Homceo. , Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P. , Lithii Carbonas. 
Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. j-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in rheumatic, gouty sub- 
jects who suffer from cardiac, renal or eye lesions. It is in- 
dicated in chronic rheumatic endocarditis when there is sore- 
ness about the heart. There is throbbing, with dull stitches in 
the cardiac region, and a sensation of trembling or fluttering of 
the heart. It is of service in soreness of the bladder with 
sharp sticking pains extending to the neck of the bladder in 
rheumatic subjects. 

It is also useful in rheumatic affections of the eyes with 
hemiopia, the right half of objects is invisible. In many of 
these cases there is an acidity and gnawing of the stomach, 
which is relieved by eating. 

Compare. — Ly cop odium, Benzoic acid. 



LOBELIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lobeliaceae. Synonyms, 
Lobelia inflata, Indian tobacco. Habitat, United States. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh plant; 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Lobelia, Fluidextractum Lobelise, 
Tinctura Lobelise. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 40 
drops; of the fluidextract, Til 3~ x - 

Physiological Action. — This agent in toxic doses pro- 
duces paralysis of the motor-nerve trunks, and of the respira- 
tory and vaso-motor centres. It causes an excessive flow of 
saliva and gastric mucus. The urine is increased in quantity, 
the skin is covered with a cold perspiration, there is nausea, 
vomiting and diarrhoea, and a general relaxation and muscular 
debility. As a result, the heart's action is weakened, the 



344 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

arterial tension, while temporarily increased, is soon lowered. 
The temperature is subnormal and coma and death follow. 
In small doses it causes spasms and constrictions of the bronchi. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in gastric derangements, which 
may consist of a sensation of faintness and weakness of the epi- 
gastrium of an indescribable character, or there may be ex- 
treme nausea, vomiting, prostration, pallor, profuse salivation, 
and cold perspiration. It has been of service in relieving cases 
of morning sickness, pertussis, gastric headaches, spasmodic 
asthma with severe dyspnoea, and the effects of tobacco, alco- 
holism and the excessive use of tea. 

There is extreme difficulty in breathing, due to a sensation 
of constriction, or weight of the chest. It feels as though the 
blood was running to the chest. The distress is most pro- 
nounced at the base of the lungs. It is useful in asthma, com- 
plicated by emphysema, or capillary^bronchitis. 

It relieves the gastric symptoms of alcoholism in those of 
light or fair complexion, as Nux vomica does in those of a 
dark complexion. 

Compare. — Tabacum, Arsenicum album, Veratrum 
album. 

LOBELIA CCERULEA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lobeliacese. Synonyms, 
Lobelia Syphilitica, Blue L,obelia. Habitat, United States. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

t 

This remedy is indicated in acute catarrhal disturbances of 
the upper air passage, with pain in the frontal sinuses and 
closure of the Eustachian tubes, as is observed in influenza. 

Compare. — Sticta pulmonaria, Sepia, Euphrasia. 



LONICERA XYLOSTKUM. 345 



LOBELIA PURPURASCBNS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lobeliaceae. Common 
Name, Purple Lobelia. Habitat Australia. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 2 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in influenza when there is marked 
prostration, with all the catarrhal symptoms in the upper air 
passages that attend this disease. 



LOLIUM TEMULENTUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Gramineae. Common 
Name, Darnel. Habitat, Europe, Asia and Africa. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the ripe seeds; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is useful in paralysis, and trembling of the ex- 
tremities, w T ith prostration and restlessness. 
Compare. — Lathyrus. 

LONICERA XYLOSTEUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Caprifoliaceae. Common 
Name, Fly woodbine. Habitat, Europe and Asia. Prep- 
arations. — Triturations of berries; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the triturations, 2x to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in urczmic convulsions, when 
there is congestion of the head and chest, with jerking of the 
limbs and convulsions of the body. 
23 



346 Blackwood's materia medica. 



LUPTJLUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Urticaceae. Synonyms, 
Humulus Iyiipulus, Hops. Habitat, Kurope and North 
America. Iyupulinum is the glandular powder sifted from the 
strobilae of Humulus L,upulus after rubbing or heating them. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the dried hops; 
and dilutions. Triturations from L,upulinum. U. S. P., 
Humulus, Kxtractum L,upulini. Dosage. — Of the mother 
tincture, i to 60 drops; of the L,upulin, gr. vj-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nervousness, and irritability 
with a disposition to think over the troubles. There are cerebral 
hyperemia, insomnia, delirium and a dull, heavy headache 
with muscular twitching. 

It should be studied in sexual debility of the male. In 
nocturnal emissions the result of sexual debility and onanism. 
The emissions, are followed by headache and an incapacity for 
mental work. There are dark rings around the eyes. It 
should also be studied in cases of painful erections and in 
chordee. 

Compare. — Nux vomica. 

LYCOPERSICUM ESCULENTUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanaceae. Common 
Name, Tomato. Habitat, America. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage.- 
Of the tincture, 1 to 3c drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in hay-fever when the least dust 
aggravates, also in influenza when there are aching pains all 
over the body, a profuse coryza, with itching in the interior 
nares. The voice is husky, there is an explosive cough and the 
chest feels oppressed. 



LYCOPODIUM. 347 

It is recommended in rheumatism of the extremities, 
There are sharp pains in the right deltoid and pectoral mus- 
cles. It is worse upon the right side, in the open air and 
from continued motion. 

Compare. — Sanguinaria, Ambrosia, Rhus toxicoden- 
dron. 



LYCOPODIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lycopodiaceae. Common 
Name, Club moss. Habitat, nearly all northern countries. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture, triturations, and 
dilutions. Made from the spores. U. S. P., Lycopodium. 
Dosage. — Mostly used in form of trituration, 2X to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the di- 
gestive organs, retarding their action. There is flatulence , con- 
stipation, and congestion of the liver. The mucous mem- 
branes take on an atonic condition and congestions and catar- 
rhal inflammations result. Urination is painful. The urine 
is cloudy and contains a brick dust sediment. The skin is un- 
healthy and has brown liver spots on it. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those whose intellectual de- 
velopment over-balances the physical. The complaints are 
deep-seated and develop gradually. The urinary and hepatic 
disturbances are prominent in many cases. The complaints 
start upon the right side and go to the left, are worse from 4 to 
8 p. m. and are aggravated from cold; while all the discharges 
are offensive and the urine contains a heavy red sediment. 

It is of service in derangement of the digestive organs 
when there is a large accumulation of flatulence; he may feel 
hungry, but a few mouthfuls fill him, and he feels bloated, 
but belching does not bring any relief. There is pain and dis- 
tress in the region of the short ribs, and fermentation and 
rumbling of gas in the small intestines. There is a sour taste 



348 Blackwood's materia medica. 

and sour belching and at times vomiting. He feels sleepy- 
after eating. The bowels are usually constipated. There is 
mental depression. The complexion is jaundiced, yellowish 
gray, or of a dingy } 7 ellow hue. 

It is useful in coryza and nasal catarrh when the nose is 
stopped at night. The discharge is yellow or consists of crusts 
and elastic plugs. It is employed in tonsillitis and diphtheria 
when the deposit spreads from the right tonsil to the left, also 
chronic pneumonia when there is a copious muco-serous or 
muco-purulent expectoration and the cough is worse from 4 to 

8 P. M. 

It should be remembered when the urine is cloudy and has 
a foul odor, and deposits a red sand. The child cries before 
urinating, and the diaper is stained yellow. It has been em- 
ployed in aneurism with a degree of benefit when the digest- 
ive derangements calling for this remedy are present. 

Compare. — Nux vomica, Antimonium crudum, Natrum 
muriaticum. - 

LYOOPUS VIRGINICUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyabiatse. Common Name, 
Bugle weed. Habitat, Burope, Asia, United States and 
Australia. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the whole 
fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 
drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the vascu- 
lar system as a sedative, controlling vascular excitement and 
general irritability; upon the nervous system, relieving in- 
somnia dependent upon chronic diseases, and upon the kid- 
neys, when albumen is present in the urine dependent upon 
rapid heart's action. It produces haemorrhages from the vari- 
ous orifices. The bleeding is frequent but the amount 
blood lost at one time is small. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is vascular ex citem en t\ 
hemorrhages in small amounts that result from determinatior 



MAGNESIA CARBONICA. 349 

of blood to the lungs, kidneys, or gastro-intestinal organs; al- 
buminuria, with frequent pulse; cough with copious ex- 
pectoration of mucus, especially debilitating chronic cough; 
wakefulness with morbid vigil, and inordinately active circu- 
lation, frequent pulse, with high temperature, in tubercular 
subjects. It is useful in exophthalmus from cardiac disease, 
the eyes are prominent, while there is a tumultuous action of 
the heart, dyspnoea and oppression of the chest; also palpitation 
in cases of cardiac hypertrophy with dilatation or from nervous 
irritation with plethora. There are constricting pains with 
tenderness around the heart. 

It lessens the arterial excitement in fever and from plethora, 
rendering the beat of the heart slower, fuller, and more 
regular. 

It lessens the irritation, anxiety and suffering, and palliates 
organic diseases of the heart. It is one of the most favored 
remedies in functional diseases of the heart, especially when 
there is cardiac irritability with depressed force, and is useful 
in aneurism of the large vessels near the heart. 

The urine is scanty, thick, and muddy, contains an excess 
of mucus and epithelial cells. The solids are low. It should 
be remembered in diarrhoea and jaundice^ the result of cardiac 
weakness; also in cough from a congestion of the lungs depend- 
ent upon tumultuous heart's action; and haemoptysis in cases 
of incipient phthisis when accompanied with rapid heart's 
action. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Hydrocyanic acid, Laurocerasus. 

MAGNESIA CARBONICA. 

Description. — Common Name, Carbonate of Magnesia. 
A very light, white, odorless powder, with a slightly earthy 
taste. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Magnesii Carbonas. Dosage. — Of the substance, 
gr. x-3j. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces irritation of 
the mucous membrane of the alimentary tract, and deranges 
metabolism. It also acts upon the genital organs of the female, 
disturbing menstruation. 



35° BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal enteritis, when the 
passage resembles the green scum seen upon a frog pond. The 
stool smells sour, and the child is pale, sickly, and disturbed 
by colic. 

It is of service in delayed and scanty menstruation, also in 
menorrhagia when the flow is thick and dark, like pitch, and 
is worse at night. 

It should be remembered in marasmus of children. They 
are puny and sickly, milk causes pain when taken into the 
stomach. There are colicky pains, the stools are green and 
sour. 

Compare. — Rheum, Aloes. 



MAGNESIA MURIATICA. 

Description. — Common Name, "Chloride of Magnesia. It 
is a white mass, crystalline in structure and of a bitter saline 
taste. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hyperemia of the liver with 
constipation, and in uterine disturbances, accompanied with 
hysteria. There are sharp pains in the liver and it is enlarged 
and indurated; frequently there is a degree of jaundice pres- 
ent. The bowels are constipated, the stools are hard, knotty, 
difficult, insufficient, delayed, and crumble at the verge of the 
anus. This type of constipation may be present in infants 
during dentition. 

It should be remembered in uterine and abdominal cramps 
when the pains extend to the thighs and are followed by leu- 
corrhcea. There may be insomnia and fainting; the constipa- 
tion and liver derangement is usually present. 

Compare. — Natrum muriaticum, Sepia, Ammonium 
muriaticum. 



MAGNESIA SUI,PHURICA. 35 1 



MAG-NBSIA PHOSPHORICA. 

Description. — Common Name, Phosphate of Magnesia. 
It is a white amorphous powder, odorless, and without taste. 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
the triturations, 3X to I2x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in tired, exhausted, neurotic sub- 
jects, when suffering from darting, spasmodic pains, which are 
relieved by pressure and warmth. 

It is of service in enteralgia and flatulent colic. The pains 
are spasmodic, forcing the patient to bend double. There is a 
belching of gas, but it brings no relief. The pains are relieved 
by pressure, friction, and the application of heat. 

It is also of benefit in menstrual colic and membranous 
dysmenorrhoea when these troubles are purely spasmodic. It 
should be remembered in spasmodic twitching of muscles and 
the spasms of teething children. 

It is useful in spasmodic cough, and whooping cough when 
the spasms come in paroxysms without expectoration. 

It should be remembered in chorea, and contractions of a 
single muscle, and cramps, such as writers' pains and 
violin players' cramps. 

Compare. — Colocynlhis, Kali phosphoricum, Dioscorea. 

MAGNESIA SULPHURIOA. 

Description. — Common Names, Sulphate of Magnesia, 
Epsom salt. It comes in small, colorless, long crystals. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S.P., 
Magnesii Sulphas. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, 5J~5J- 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a cathartic and re- 
frigerant. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in a profuse leucorrhcea that ren- 
ders the patient weak and 'exhausted, with a pain in the small 



35 2 Blackwood's materia mbdica. 

of the back. The urine is turbid and deposits a copious red 
sediment, its passage being attended with stitching pains in 
the urethra. 

There are small pimples all over the body which itch 
violently. 

In physiological doses it is useful in dropsy when the skin 
is cool. In such cases it causes active elimination by both the 
kidneys and intestinal tract. In small doses it is of service in 
dysentery, also in constipation. It is highly beneficial in re- 
ducing pelvic infiltration following acute inflammation. In 
these cases it should be incorporated into a vaginal suppository 
and inserted in the vagina. 



MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Magnoliacese. Common 
Names, Big laurel, Bull-bay. Habitat, southern parts of 
North America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh 
flowers; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 5 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in intermittent fevers, in atonic 
dyspepsia, in chronic rheumatism, with stiffness and sharp 
pains in the joints; and in rheumatic endocarditis when there 
are cramps and pains in the region of the heart, with dyspnoea 
and a feeling of suffocation upon walking fast. 

Compare. — Chininum sulphuricum, Pulsatilla. 



MALANDRINUM. 

Description. — The virus of the disease in horses called 
4 'Grease." Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. 
Dosage. — This has been used mostly in the 30th dilution and 
higher. 



MANGANUM ACETICUM. 353 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is a prophylactic of small-pox and controls the 
ill effects of vaccination. 

Compare. — Variolin u m , Th uja , Silica. 



MANCINELLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiaceae. Synonyms, 
Hij^Domane Mancinella, Manchineel. Habitat, West India 
Islands. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves, 
bark and fruit; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, V([ 

Mi- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in severe erythema, with vesicles. 
The fluid from the vesicles is intensely acrid. 

It is useful in mental depression. The patient is sad and de- 
spondent. The thoughts all vanish and he fears he will be- 
come insane. 



MANGANUM ACETICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Acetate of Manganese. It 
comes in colorless or pale reddish crystals. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 3X to 6x, 
and higher in dilutions. 



THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in periostitis, and pain in the 
joints which is worse at night. It is also of service in laryn- 
gitis and laryngeal phthisis. 

Compare. — Ammonium carbonicum, Coniutn. 



354 Blackwood's materia medica. 



MEDORRHINUM. 

Description. — Synonyms , Glinicum. The Nosode of 
Gonorrhoea. Preparations. — The virus of Medorrhoea or 
Gonorrhoea is triturated and then attenuated. Dosage- 
Used only in the higher attenuations. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic diseases and constitu- 
tional dyscrasias dependent upon a latent gonorrhoea. 

It should be remembered in chronic arthritis, gout, rheu- 
matism, neuralgia and diseases of the spinal cord that can be 
traced to this as its origin. It bears the same relation to 
spinal and nervous diseases that Psorinum does to those of the 
skin and mucous membranes. 

It is of service in the chronic pelvic diseases of women that 
date from a gonorrhceal infection. ~~ 

It is beneficial in those who are dwarfed and stunted both 
physically and mentally; children that are pale, and rachitic, 
dull and weak. 

It is often curative in gleet when the whole urethra feels 
sore. 

Compare. — Sulphur, Thuja. 



MEDUSA. 

Description. — Class, Acalephae. Common Names, Jelly- 
fish, Sea-nettle. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the 
living animal taken in summer; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
3x dilution and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in oedema of the face, with numb- 
ness, burning, pricking heat; also in erythema. 

Compare, — Apis mellifica, Chloral, Urtica urens. 



MENISPERMUM CANADENSE. 355 



MELILOTUS ALBA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosae. Common 
Name, White melilot. Habitat, India and Kurope. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh flowers; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops- 
Physiological Action. — This agent produces a determina- 
tion of blood to a part, as the head, with severe headache and 
epistaxis. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy i* indicated in cases where there are conges- 
tions that are relieved by haemorrhage. 

Violent, nervous, or congestive headaches, the face is red, 
the carotids are throbbing and there is an undulating sensation 
of the brain, which is relieved by an epistaxis or the appear- 
ance of the menstrual flow. 

It is useful in cases of melancholia and the early stages of 
insanity when the face is scarlet. This remedy will be found 
serviceable in equaling the circulation, and relieving the 
brain of the irritation, and pressure. 

It should be remembered in eclampsia, convulsions, and 
epilepsy that are preceded b}^ a congestion of the blood-ves- 
sels of the brain, also localized congestion of an} 7 portion re- 
lieved by haemorrhage. 

Constipation, the passage is difficult and painful, the anus 
feels constricted and throbs, there is no desire for stool till 
there is a large accumulation. 

Compare- Belladonna, Ferrum phosphoricum. 



MENISPERMUM CANADENSE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Menispermaceae. Common 
Name, Moonseed. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage.— 
Of the mother tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 



356 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in megrim, with restlessness, 
stretching and yawning. The skin is brown, the tongue is 
coated at the base, with a red tip. The bowels are constipated 
and the appetite is irregular. 

MENTHA PIPERITA. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,abiatae. Common Name, 
Peppermint. Habitat, England. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilutions. 
U.S. P., Mentha Piperita, Spiritus Menthae Piperita. Dos- 
age. — Of the mother tincture, i to 30 drops; of the spiritus, 
V(\ x-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in gastredynia, flatulent colic, de- 
ranged digestion, broncho -tracheal catarrh and diseases of the 
skin. 

It is useful in gastrodynia, flatulent colic and hysteria when 
they are attended with nausea and vomiting. 

It is of service when there is an irritation in the supra- 
sternal fossa, also vaginal pruritus, and herpes zoster. 

MENTHA VIRIDIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Labiatae. Common Name, 
Spearmint. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Mentha Viridis, Spiritus Menthae Viridis. Dosage. 
— Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops; of the spiritus, Til 
x -xl. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in cases when the urine is scanty, 
and there is a frequent desire to urinate. 



MERCURIAUS PERENNIS. 357 



MENYANTHES TRIFOLIATA, 

Description. — Natural Order, Gentianaceae. Common 
Name, Buckbean. Habitat, North America, Europe and Asia. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in malarial disorders, when the 
coldness predominates. The hands and feet are icy cold, and 
there is coldness of the abdomen, There is a sensation of 
pressure on the vertex which is relieved by hard pressure with 
the hand. 

Compare. — Capsicum, Arsenicum album. 



MEPHITIS PTJTORITJS. 

Description. — Common Name, Skunk, or Polecat. The 
secretion obtained from the anal glands. Preparations.— 
Mother tincture (1 per cent solution); and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Dilution, 6x, and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in whooping cough when the 
paroxysms are so violent that the child becomes blue and must 
be raised up in bed. 

It is also of service in false croup and laryngeal spasms, 
when the child feels suffocated and cannot exhale. 

Compare. — Drosera, Corallium, Coccus cacti. 



MERCURIALIS PERENNIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Euphorbiaceae. Common 
Name, Dog mercury. Preparations. — Mother tincture of 
the whole fresh plant: and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tinc- 
ture, 1 to 5 drops. 



35# Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in vertigo which is worse while 
going down stairs. There is a sensation of heaviness in the 
head as if pressed down from a weight. The scalp seems light 
and difficult to move. It is useful in rheumatism. • 

MERCURIUS ACETICTJS. 

Description. — Common Name, Mercurous Acetate. It 
forms pearly scales of a fatty touch. Preparations. — Trit- 
urations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the triturations, 3X to 
6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in chancre in the urethra, 
attended with severe burning. 

It has also been used to relieve tenia capitis favosa in 
syphilitics. - 

MERCURIUS AURATUS. 

Description. — An Amalgam of gold foil and quick silver. 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the more chronic forms of 
syphilis, as prolonged syphilitic catarrh of the nose and 
pharynx, suppuration of the bones, and psoriasis palmaris and 
plantaris. 

MERCURIUS BINIODATUS GUM KALI JODATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Double Iodide of Mer- 
cury and Potassium. It is a canary-yellow salt formed by the 
chemical union of one equivalent of Red Iodide of Mercury 
and two of Iodide of Potassium. Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions. Dosage. — 3x to 6x triturations. 



MERCURIUS CYANATUS. 359 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in acute coryza, when there is a 
profuse watery mucous discharge from the throat and nose. The 
discharge is irritating. It has been employed in secondary and 
tertiary syphilis when the above symptoms are present. 



MERCURIUS BROMATUS. 

Description. — k 'Mercurous Bromide (white, insoluble), 
Mercuric Bromide (crystallizable, soluble)," Allen's Kncy clop- 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
the triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed both locally and internally in the 
relief of syphilitic skin lesions when other preparations of 
Mercury have failed. 



MERCURIUS CYANATUS. 

Description. — Synonyms, Hydrargyri Cyanidum, Cyanide 
of Mercury. It comes in white, more or less transparent and 
odorless crystals. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. i^~To- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in malignant types of diphtheria 
with great prostration. The membrane is first white, then dark 
and gangrenous. It has a tendency to invade the nostrils. 
The breath is foetid and the tongue is coated. 

It is useful in syphilitic ulceration when perforation is 
threatened. The soft parts of the palate and fauces are necrosed. 
There is free salivation and foetor from the mouth and breath 
with pain and swelling of the salivary glands 



360 Blackwood's materia medica. 



MERGURIUS DULCIS. 

Description. — Common Name, Calomel. This comes in 
a heavy, white, odorless and tasteless powder. U. S. P., 
Hydrargyri Chloridum Mite. Dosage. — 3X to 6x triturations, 
and higher in dilutions; of the crude, gr. ^- -x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea when the stools are 
scanty and bloody, or are dark green and watery, and attended 
with griping. The anus is sore and burning. There is a con- 
stant desire for stool without tenesmus. It is also of use in 
dysentery when the stool is small in quantity and consists of 
mucus and blood, covered with bile. 

It is of service in salivation with sore mouth and offensive 
breath. 

It should also be remembered that when the bowels must 
be evacuated one-tenth of a grain every hour or oftener for a 
few times is sufficient. 



MERCURIUS JODATUS FLAVUS. 

Description. — Common Names, Yellow mercurous Iodide, 
Proto-iodide of Mercury. This is a heavy, greenish-yellow, 
odorless, tasteless powder. Preparations. — Homoeo., Tri- 
turations, and dilutions. U. S. P. , Hydrargyri Iodidum Flavum. 
Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. r ^-|. 

Physiological Action. — This preparation of Mercury, 
while it has the general characteristics of the drug, partakes 
somewhat of the action of Iodine upon the glands and mucous 
membranes. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the glands, especially on the 
right side, are swollen and infiltrated. There is a thick yellow 
coating at the base of the tongue, while the tip and edges may 
be red and take the imprint of the teeth. 



MERCURIUS NITROSUS. 361 

It is useful in diphtheria and other throat affections when 
the glands of the parts are enlarged and indurated. The mem- 
brane is most marked or begins upon the right side. 

It is of service in hard chancre, and when the inguinal 
glands are enlarged, if given early and continued, secondary 
symptoms are prevented. 

It should be remembered in subacute bronchitis of 
syphilitic and scrofulous subjects when the cough is loose and 
rattling, and the bronchi are coated with mucus and muco- 
purulent material. The mucous membranes of the nose and 
pharynx are congested and swollen. 

It should be remembered in mammary tumors, with a warm 
perspiration and gastric disturbances. 

Compare. — Mercurius iodatus ruber. 

MERCURIUS IODATUS RUBER. 

Description. — Common A r ames, Red mercuric Iodide, 
Bin-iodide of Mercury. It comes in heavy, scarlet-red, amor- 
phous powder, odorless and tasteless. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Hydrargyri 
Iodidum Rubrum. Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. 5V -to- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the glands, especially of the 
left side of the neck, are enlarged and infiltrated. 

It is of service in diphtheria and tonsillitis when the sub- 
maxillary glands are enlarged and painful. The fauces are 
dark red, and swallowing is painful. The gums are swollen 
and there is a profuse saliva. It is useful in hard chancres, 
and chronic syphilitic lesions in scrofulous subjects. 

C ompare . — Pro to - io dide of Mercu ry. 

MERCURIUS NITROSUS. 

Description. — Common Names, Neutral Nitrate of Mer- 
cury, Mercurous Nitrate. It comes in colorless, monoclinic 
tables. The crystals dissolved in water with the addition of a 

24 



362 Blackwood's materia medica. 

little Nitric acid form the L,iquor Bellostii from which the 
provings were made. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — 3X to 6x triturations, and higher in dilu- 
tions. Of crude, maximum dose, % grain. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in mucous' patches when they are 
attended with sticking pains, also in syphilis of the nerves and 
bones, also in pustular conjunctivitis, keratitis with photopho- 
bia and burning, sticking pains. It is also used in gonorrhoea 
with burning, sticking and itching on the coronal glands. 



MERCTJRIUS PHOSPHORICUS. 

Description. — Common Names, Mercurous Phosphate, 
Phosphate of Mercury. It is a white, fine, crystalline, odor- 
less and tasteless powder. Preparations. — Triturations, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the crude7gr. ss-ij. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in diseases of the nervous system 
due to syphilis, as locomotor ataxia and multiple sclerosis. 



MERCURIUS SUBLIMATTJS CORROSIVUS. 

Description. — Common Names, Corrosive Sublimate, Bi- 
chloride of Mercury. It comes in heavy, colorless crystals of 
acrid, metallic taste. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Hydrargyri Chloridum Corrosivum. 
Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. gV'iV 

Physiological Action. — While this agent has in the main 
the cardinal action of Mercury, it is characterized by a corro- 
sive and phagedenic tendency. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in syphilis, gonorrhoea, nephritis, 
and dysentery. 



MERCURIUS TANNICUS. 363 

It is useful in syphilis when the ulcers assume a phagedenic 
appearance, and the pus is acrid and corroding. The gums are 
apt to be purple, swollen and spongy. The tongue and throat 
are swollen, inflamed, and painful. 

It is of service in dysentery when there is a constant tenes- 
mus; the stools are hot, scanty, bloody, slimy and offensive. 
They contain shreds of mucous membrane and are attended 
with terrible cutting, colicky pains. In some cases the blad- 
der is involved, and there is tenesmus with intense burning in 
the urethra. The urine is scanty or suppressed, and contains 
blood and a brick dust sediment. 

It should be remembered in the albuminuria of pregnancy. 

It is of service in gonorrhoea during the second stage when 
the discharge is thick and green. The urethral orifice is red, 
swollen, and the glans is sore and hot. There is a constant 
tenesmus. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Lachesis. 

MERCURIUS SULPHURICUS. 

Description. — Common Names, Yellow mercuric Sul- 
phate, Turpeth Mineral. It is a heavy, odorless and tasteless, 
lemon-yellow powder. Preparations. — Triturations, and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. j-v. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in morning diarrhoea when the 
passage is forcible and consists of yellow matter. 

It is of service in hydrothorax , the dyspnoea is intense and 
the respirations are rapid, short, and compel the patient to sit 
up. 

Compare. — Sulphur, Arsenicum album. 

MERCURIUS TANNICUS. 

Description. — Common Name, Mercurous Tannate. It 
is a fine, dark, greenish-gray powder. Preparations. — Trit- 
urations. Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. j-ij. 



364 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated when the patients are suffering 
from gastro-intestinal disease. 

MERCURIUS VIVUS. 

Description. — Common Names, Mercury, Quick Silver. 
A metallic element. It is silver- white, odorless, tasteless and 
liquid at ordinary temperature. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Triturations, and dilutions. U, S. P. , Hydrargyrum, Elnplas- 
trum, Hydrargyri, Hydrargyrum cumCreta, Massa Hydrargyri, 
Unguentum Hydrargyri. Dosage.— Of the triturations, ix to 
6x, and higher in dilutions; of the Hydrargyrum cum Creta, 
gr. ss-x; of the Massa Hydrargyri, gr. ss-x. 

Physiological Action.— This agent when applied to the 
skin is an antiparasitic, when absorbed there is a peculiar 
fcetor in the mouth. The gums areswollen, the teeth are sore, 
there is an increase in the amount of saliva, andptyalism, with 
a peculiar metallic taste. 

When taken internally, large doses produce diarrhoea. The 
evacuation of bile is hastened in the duodenum. 

Tonic doses diminish the cardiac action, and produce 
anaemia and dissolution of the corpuscular elements of the 
blood. The breathing is. labored and weak. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those with light hair, whose 
skin and muscles are relaxed. They are weak and tremble 
from the least exertion. 

The breath and body smells foul. There is a profuse per- 
spiration attending nearly all the complaints, but it brings no 
relief. The pains are worse at night. There is intense thirst, 
while the tongue is moist, large and flabby, and shows the im- 
prints of the teeth. All the symptoms are worse at night, from 
the warmth of the bed, and from cold, damp, rainy weather. 

It is useful in hepatitis when there are sharp pains in the 
hepatic region which prevents the taking of a deep breath. 



MERCURIUS VIVUS. 365 

The abdomen is hard and distended with gas, he cannot He on 
the right side. It is also useful in torpidity of the liver, when 
the secretion of bile is deficient. The bowels are constipated, 
the stools are white and offensive, with loss of appetite, and 
great depression of spirit. The patient is languid and melan- 
choly. There is a compressive and constricted headache, the 
eyes are yellow and the hearing is defective. 

It is of service in dysentery. The stools are slimy and bloody 
in character and attended with colic, fainting, and a continued 
tenesmus, the " never-get-done '- feeling; it is also of service 
in diarrhoea when the stools are copious and watery, or consist 
of a green mucus, .with burning and protrusion of the anus. 

It should be remembered in ulcers of the gums, tongue, 
throat and inside of the cheeks, when accompanied with profuse 
salivation. The edges of the ulcers are irregular and unde- 
fined, and have an unhealthy, lardaceous base surrounded with 
a dark halo. 

It is beneficial in inflammations of the conjunctiva and 
cornea. This may be ulcerative, phlyctenular or catarrhal in 
character. The dread of light is intense, the lachrymation is 
profuse, burning and excoriating, all of which are worse at 
night. It is of benefit in syphilitic spirits. 

There are sore, tearing pains about the eye which are worse 
at night. 

It is of service in nasal catarrh, when there is much sneez- 
ing, and a fluent, acrid, corroding discharge. The nostrils are 
swollen, raw and ulcerated. The pain is worse at night and 
from damp weather. 

It is indicated in leucorrhcea when it is acrid, and burning, 
with itching and rawness of the parts. It is always worse at 
night. 

Compare. — Acid um nitricum, Mezereum, Hepar sul- 
p hurts. 



366 Blackwood's materia medica. 



METHYLENE BLUE. 

Description. — It comes in bluish crystals or blue powder. 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the pure drug, gr. ij-jv. 

Physiological Action. — This agent changes the haemo- 
globin into methaemoglobin, causes irritation of the alimentary 
tract which results in nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Upon 
the urinary tract it has produced retention of the urine, 
strangury, pyelitis, cystitis, spasmodic contraction of the 
bladder, albuminuria and hyaline casts. It has relieved neu- 
ralgia, and neurasthenia. It is considered an anti-malarial b} T 
many and has been used locally in cases of carcinoma. 

THKRAPKUTICS. 

It is of service in surgical kidney when there is a large 
quantity of pus in the urine. 

It is indicated in cases of mania, periodic melancholia, 
paranoia and hystero-epilepsy. "One grain of the drug in- 
jected in the gluteal muscle had a sedative action that was 
manifest within three to six hours and the effect remained 
from three to four days. This quieting action was neither at- 
tended or followed by any unpleasant symptoms." 

It is of service in functional neuralgias and migraine of 
the angiospastic variety. 

In nephritis of a haemorrhagic type in doses of from 2 to 3 
grains, once, twice or thrice a day; it has been highly spoken 
of by Einhorn and others. The blood disappears from the 
urine, the albumin is greatly diminished and the patient's con- 
dition is much improved. It has been employed in acute and 
chronic Brighfs disease. There were present bruit de galop, 
visual disorders, painful polyuria, albuminuria and hyaline 
casts in the urine. 

In several obstinate cases of rheumatic arthritis a two- 
grain tablet was given twice a day after meals, resulting in 
great improvement, arresting the process, improving the nutri- 
tion and leading to an increase of the bodily weight. 



MEZKRKUM. 367 

It has been of service in pruritus vulvce, applied locally 
and given internally in grain doses. 

It has been extensively employed in acute gonorrhoea, and 
in the treatment of interstitial nephritis. When it is ad- 
ministered in such cases it begins to show in the urine in about 
seven hours, in those with normal kidneys it shows in about 
one hour and a third. 

In gonorrhoeal rheumatism it is of great service, as well as 
in cases of cvstitis. 



MEZEREUM. 

Description.: — Natural Order, Thymelacese. Common 
Name, Mezereon. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Homoeo., Mother tincture of the fresh bark; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Mezereum, Fluidextractum Mezereii. Dosage. — 
Of the mother tincture, 1 to 10 drops; of the powdered bark, 
gr. j-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent, when applied to the 
skin, is an irritant and causes vesication; when inhaled by the 
nostrils it causes sneezing. Taken internally in small doses it 
acts as a laxative, diuretic, cholagogue, and alterative. Large 
doses induce vomiting, purging, inflammation of the gastro- 
intestinal tract, and also cause nephritis. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in syphilitic and scrofulous affec- 
tions, especially when the periosteum, bones and skin are in- 
volved. It is of service in hepatic and eczematous eruptions. 
There is intolerable itching. 

The vesicles dry into hard scabs, under which there i? an 
acrid pus; at times the head is covered with thick leather-like 
crusts, under which the pus collects and is offensive, and the 
hair is matted together. 

It is useful in neuralgia of the cheek bones when there is 
a sensation of numbness, also for the neuralgic pains that at- 
tend herpes zoster and ciliary neuralgia. 



368 Blackwood's materia m^dica. 

It should be remembered in periostitis and periosteal rheu- 
matism of the long bones, that is worse at night in bed, from 
the least touch and in damp weather. These pains often follow 
the abuse of Mercury in the treatment of syphilis, and accom- 
pany exostosis. 

Compare. — Phytolacca, Guaiacum, Causticum. 

MILLEFOLIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Synonyms, 
Millefolium, Milfoil, Yarrow. Habitat, North America and 
Europe. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 5 to 30 
drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as a tonic and 
astringent. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in case^ of active hemorrhage 
from any part of the body, as the nose, lungs, bowels, or 
uterus; also in ailments that result from over-lifting, over-ex- 
ertion, or a fall. 

The haemorrhage is painless and not attended with fever. 
The blood is bright red and fluid in character, such as comes 
from a wound the result of a fall; haemoptysis after an injury 
in those suffering from incipient phthisis. It has also been of 
service in cases of hcemoptysis following suppression of the 
menstrual or haemorrhoidal flow, when the blood is bright red 
and fluid in character. It has relieved cases of menorrhagia 
when the blood was bright red, fluid, and profuse. It has also 
relieved haematuria. 

Compare. — Hamamelis, Geranium, Acalypha. 

MIMOSA HUMILIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,eguminosae. Common 
Name, Minosa. Habitat, South America. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture from the fresh leaves; and dilutions. Dos- 
age.— Of the mother tincture up to gss. 



MITCHEIXA REPENS. 369 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in rheumatic inflammation of the 
knees and ankles when there" is swelling, redness, tension and 
tearing of the parts. 

MTTCHELLA REPENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rnbiaceae. Common 
Xame, Partridgeberry. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops: of a 
decoction, 2 to 4 ounces, 3 or 4 times a day. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an astringent, 
diuretic, and parturient, favoring menstruation. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the uterine cervix is 
swollen and presents upon inspection a dark red engorged ap- 
pearance; the uterus is enlarged and there is a lack of tone of 
the uterine tissues. There may be a condition of amenorrhoea, 
delayed menstruation, dysmenorrhea^ menorrhagia with the 
dark congested appearance of the parts. 

It is of some service in the relief of the false labor pains of 
the last months of pregnancy. Its great use has been during 
the last few months of pregnancy to assist in securing a safe 
and easy delivery. In these cases it has been administered 
twice a day for three months before the expected event. The 
dose in these cases is from ten to fifteen minims. 

It is also of service in the urinary difficulties of women 
who suffer from uterine derangements. There is catarrh of the 
bladder with dysuria and urging to urinate. The urine is 
highly colored and contains a white sediment. There is a dull 
aching pain in the back referred to the renal region. The 
neck of the bladder and urethra is swollen and irritated. 

In these cases there is often a depression of the spirits and 
a condition of forgetfulness. 

Compare. — Helonias, Aletrisfarinosa, Viburnum opulus. 



37° Blackwood's materia medica. 



MOMORDICA BALSAMICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cucurbitaceae. Common 
Name, Balsam Apple. Habitat, India. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture from the fresh ripe fruit; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a large accumulation 
of flatus in the splenic flexure of the colon. 



MONSONIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Geraniaese. Habitat, 
South Africa. Species used are Monsonia ovata and Monsonia 
burkeana. Preparations. — Tincture of the fleshy roots. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture from one to'two fluid drachms. 

Therapeutics. 

This remedy is of service in the treatment of dysentery. 

MORPHIUM. 

Description. — Morphine is one of the alkaloids derived 
from Opium and comes in white, prismatic crystals, or fine 
needles, or a crystalline powder, odorless, and of a bitter taste. 
Preparations. — Homoeo. , Triturations,and dilutions. U. S. P. , 
Morphina. Dosage. — Of the pure alkaloid or its salts, gr. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in tympanitis. There is nausea, 
with weakness of the muscular system and pruritus. It is use- 
ful in ptosis, strabismus, and weakness of the internal recti 
muscle when the vision is unsteady and weak. 



MOSCHUS. 371 



MOSOHUS. 



Description. — Common Name, Musk. The dried secre- 
tion from the preputial follicle of the musk deer (Moschus 
moschiferus). Class, Mammalia; Order, Ruminantia. Habitat, 
Asia. It comes -in irregular, crummy, unctuous grains, dark, 
reddish-brown, and of a bitterish taste. Preparations. — 
Homoeo., Tincture, triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Mos- 
chus. Dosage. — Of the tincture (^0), HI j-xxx; of the pure 
substance, gr. ij-x. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as a stimulant to 
the nervous and vascular systems and is an antispasmodic. 
The stimulation of the central nervous system is followed by a 
more or less soporific effect. There is a sensation of heat in 
the stomach, while in some cases it excites nausea and vomit- 



THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of hysteria, hysterical 
paroxysms and nervous excitement in patients who faint from 
the least provocation. The paroxysms are ushered in by a 
feeling of constriction about the throat, which causes the 
victim to believe she is being suffocated; globus hystericus, 
with spasms about the chest, and alternate laughing and cry- 
ing. There is nervous palpitation of the heart with copious 
urination. It is to be remembered when the hysterical attack 
has even gone on to unconsciousness, when it stimulates the 
nervous system, and relieves the hysterical attack, the spasm 
and fainting. In some of these cases there is violent sexual 
desire amounting to priapism in the male and nymphomania 
in the female, with intolerable titillation in the genital organs 
of both. The menses are too early, too profuse, and are at- 
tended with this titillation and a disposition to faint. 

There is excessive distension of the abdomen with flatu- 
lence, which in hysterical women often causes fainting, owing 
to the pressure upon the solar plexus. There may be a 
copious, watery, nightly diarrhoea with the tympanites, and 



372 Blackwood's materia medica. 

an aversion to food; even tfie sight of food makes her sick; 
eructations, nausea, and vomiting, with pressure, burning pain, 
and distension of the stomach. 

It is useful in cases of polyuria ox glycosuria, with great 
thirst, emaciation and burning in the urethra, in nervous, ex- 
citable persons. 

It should be remembered in inflammatory diseases in which 
there is great nervous excitability and sub-delirium, coma- 
vigil with nervous exhibitions and extreme exhaustion out of 
all proportion to the gravity of the disease. 

There may be coldness of the skin with nervous trembling 
and fainting, constriction of the chest, laryngismus stridulus, 
whooping cough, and hiccough in nervous children, spasmodic 
suffocation, and involuntary movements of the extremities. 

Compare. — Ignatia, Castor eum, Asafcetida. 



MUOUNA URENS. 






Description. — Natural Order, L<eguminosse. Common 
Name, Horse-eye. Habitat, Venezuela. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the pulverized bean; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Dilutions from 3X up. 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy is useful in haemorrhoids, in the hsemorrhoidal 
diathesis, and hematurias. 

Compare. — Hamamelis, ALsculus hippo castanum. 



MUREX PURPUREA. 

Description. — Common Name, Purple fish. A sea snai 
of the Order Gaseropoda and Family Muricidse. The part 
used is the juice found in a membraneous sac, situated between 
the heart and liver. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Dilutions from the 6th up. 



MYOSOTIS ARVENSIS. 373 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in lively and affectionate but ex- 
hausted women who are conscious of a womb. There is a sensa- 
tion as though something was pressing on a sore spot in the 
pelvis. They must keep the legs tightly crossed to prevent a 
prolapsus. 

The sexual desire is easily excited, there is nymphomania, 
the least touch of the genital organs causes violent sexual ex- 
citement. The menses are irregular, profuse, frequent and 
consist of large clots. There is a leucorrhoea which alternates 
with the mental symptoms, and aching in the sacrum. 

Compare. — Sepia, Platinum. Lilium tigrinum. 

MYGALE LASIODORA, 

Description. — A large Cuban black spider of the Order 
Arachnida. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the live 
animal; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions, 6th and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chorea. The face is hot and 
flushed and there is twitching of the facial muscles, or one 
side of the body is convulsively twitched and uncontrollable. 
There is relief during sleep, but the symptoms return w T ith 
greater severity in the morning. 

Compare. — Agaricin , Tarantula. 

MYOSOTIS ARVENSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Borraginacese. Common 
Name, Mouse-ear. Habitat, Europe, Siberia and North 
America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh herb 
in bloom. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is useful in pulmonary tuberculosis with 
copious purulent expectoration, emaciation and night sweats. 



374 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MKDICA. 



MYRICA CERIFERA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Myricacese. Common 
Name, Bayberry. Habitat, North America. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the fresh bark of the root; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is a suspension of the 
biliary secretions resulting in jaundice. The patient is de- 
spondent, and irritable. There is a thick, tenacious, sickening 
secretion in the mouth. There is pain and soreness in the 
region of the liver, the stools are light colored. There are 
pains under the shoulder blades and in the back of the neck. 

Compare. — Ptelea, Leptandra, Chelidonium majus. 

MYRISTICA SBBIFBRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Myristicaceae. Common 
Name, Ucuuba. Habitat, South America. Preparations. — 
Triturations of the red, acrid and very poisonous gum; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Dilutions from the 6th up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has a decided action in the relief of elephan- 
tiasis arabum. 

MYRTUS COMMUNIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Myrtaceae. Common 
Name, Myrtle. Habitat, Western Asia. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh flowering shoots and leaves; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the pleurodynia of consump- 
tive patients, when the pains are stitching in character, and 
extend from the left breast to the shoulder blade. It is at- 
tended with a dry, hollow cough. 

Compare — Ranunculus bulbosus. 






XAJA TRIPUDIANS. 375 



NABALUS ALBUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Xante, Rattlesnake root. Habitat, North America. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in dyspepsia, with acid burning 
eructations. The bowels are constipated, the stools are hard 
and their passage is attended with pain. There is a craving 
for acid foods. 

It is also of service in leucorrhcea when the discharge is 
white and of a jelly-like consistency. There is a sensation of 
throbbing in the uterus. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Hepar sulphuris. 



NAJA TRIPUDIANS. 

Description. — Common Name, Cobra di capello. The 
cobra is a poisonous serpent of the Order Squamata and of the 
Family Klapidae. Preparations. — Triturations of the 
venom obtained from the live animal; dilutions from the 6th 
trituration, and higher dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces dyspnoea, 
with cardiac distress, the blood is disorganized and ecchymosis 
and haemorrhages result. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of valvular diseases of 
the heart that are attended with a dry, annoying cough. The 
pulse is slow, irregular and weak, as it is found during and fol- 
lowing acute inflammatory diseases. 

It is indicated in hypertrophy of the heart when there is a 
dry, irritating cough, also during the acute stages of rheuma- 
tic endocarditis, and in threatened paralysis of the heart fol- 
lowing diphtheria. 



376 Blackwood's materia medica. 

There are severe, stitching pains in the region of the heart, 
accompanied by an inability to speak, choking, and nervous 
palpitation of the heart. 

It relieves a periodic, neuralgic sick headache, that is felt 
most in the left orbital region, and extends to the occiput. 
There maybe associated with the headache, spinal pain, pal- 
pitation of the heart, livid face and vomiting. 

It is of service in congestion and neuralgia of the left 
ovary, when it is associated with palpitation of the heart. 

All the ailments are made worse from the use of stimulants, 
and are better from walking or riding in the open air. 

Compare. — Cratcegus, Caffeine, Digitalis. 



NAPHTHALINTJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Naphthalin. It is a hydro- 
carbon, obtained from coal tar in the manufacture of ordinary 
coal-gas. The purified product is In transparent, colorless, 
glistening scales. Preparations. — Homoeo., Triturations, and 
dilutions. U. S. P. , Naphthalinum. Dosage. — Of the sub- 
stance, gr. ij-viij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as a stomach 
tonic, the major portion of it passing through the stomach un- 
changed into the small intestines, where it acts as an antiseptic, 
deodorizing the stools. It is diffused through the body and is 
eliminated by the lungs, kidneys and bowels. When given 
freely to dogs cataracts have formed. 

It has been employed to remove the foetid character of the 
pus in cases of bronchorrhcea. It is also of service in diar- 
rhoea, dysentery, and cases of offensive urine. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in whooping cough when there 
are long-continued paroxysms of coughing. The patient is 
unable to breathe on account of the coughing. During the 
paroxysm the face becomes purple, the perspiration starts, and 
there is expectorated a quantity of thick, tenacious mucus. 



NATRUM ARSENICUM. 377 

It is of service in inveterate cases of hay-fever; the eyes are 
inflamed and painfnl, there is constant sneezing, while the 
head is hot, and there is a high degree of asthma. The secre- 
tions are highly acrid. 

Naphthalin is frequently preventive in its effects; while in 
its curative sphere it is second only to Allium cepa. 

It is useful in spasmodic attacks of cough due to bronchitis, 
asthma, and hay asthma which are relieved while in the open 
air. There is fulness in the frontal region, soreness in the chest 
and stomach, so he has to loosen the clothing. 

It should be remembered in pulmonary emphysema, de- 
pendent upon the playing of wind instruments. There is great 
dyspnoea with a sighing inspiration. The patient is better 
from violent motion. 

It is of service in pulmonary phthisis during the first and 
second stages, when the cough comes in long continued 
paroxysms, inspiration being almost impossible. 

It relieves gonorrhoea after the acute stage has passed; 
there is a violent desire to urinate, the meatus urinarius is red- 
dened and tumefied and there is oedema of the prepuce. 

Compare. — Drosera, Allium cepa, Mephitis, Coralium 
rubritm. 

NATRUM ARSENICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Arsenate of Soda. It 
comes in colorless, transparent, prismatic crystals. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Sodii 
Arsenas. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, fa—\ g r - 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the mucous 
membranes causing catarrhal inflammation. The general 
nutrition is interfered with. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nasal catarrh, with a watery, 
discharge from the nose, which drops into the throat. The 
nose feels stopped up, and there is pain at the root of the nose, 

25 



378 Blackwood's materia mbdica. 

and headache. The eyes feel dry and burn and there are 
supra-orbital pains. 

It should be remembered in diphtheria when the throat is 
purple, swollen and cedematous. The pulse is feeble and in- 
termittent. The surface is cool and covered with a cold, 
clammy sweat. 

It is of service in bronchitis when the expectoration is pro- 
fuse and greenish. There is oppression of the chest and about 
the heart. The patient takes cold easily, feels tired all over 
and desires to remain quiet. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Kali carbonicum. 



NATRUM CARBONICUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Carbonate of Soda, Wash- 
ing Soda. It comes in large, colorless, monoclinic crystals. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. 
U.S. P., Sodii Carbonas Monohydratus. Dosage. — Of the 
pure salt, gr. v. 

Physiological Action. — This agent establishes a catarrhal 
condition of the alimentary tract. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal affections, and where 
there is great debility, dependent upon summer heat, or the 
chronic effects of sunstroke. 

It is of service in hypochondriasis , especially after a meal. 
The patient is depressed and irritable, this decreases as the food 
is digested and leaves the stomach. The patient is emaciated, 
the face is pale, and there are blue rings around the eyes. 

It is useful in hypochlorhydria. There are sour eructations 
and a weak, gone feeling in the stomach. He is worse from 
eating starchy food. There are large quantities of gas formed. 
The slightest error of diet causes distress. 

It should be remembered in the weakness and debility that 
follows sunstroke, and the chronic effects of the same. The 



NATRUM MURIATICUM. 379 

patient is always nervous during a thunder storm. It is also of 
service when headaches appear from the effects of the sun or 
artificial heat, or from the slightest mental effort. 
Compare. — Natrum sulphuricum, Causticum. 



NATRUM HYPOCHLOROSUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Liquor Sodse Chloratae, 
Labaraque's solution. "An aqueous solution of several 
chlorine compounds of sodium." Preparations. — Homceo., 
Attenuations of the Liquor. U. S. P., Liquor Sodae Chlor- 
inatse. Dosage. — Of the Liquor, 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in atonic conditions of the uterus, 
the organ feeling as if pressed up whenever the patient sits 
down. The menses are profuse. Between the periods there 
is a profuse leucorrhcea and backache. The patient usually suf- 
fers from hepatic disorders, is flabby and sleepy after meals. 



NATRUM MURIATICUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, Natrum Chloratum, Sodium 
Chloride, table salt. It comes in white, cubical crystals or 
crystalline powder. Preparations. Homceo., Triturations, 
and dilutions. U. S. P. , Sodii Chloridum. Dosage. — 6x 
trituration, and higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces ansemia 
and a condition of scorbutus. The bowels are constipated, the 
liver and spleen are enlarged. Large doses cause burning and 
pain of the fauces and stomach, with dryness of the mucous 
membranes, nausea and diarrhoea. There is dryness of the 
skin, and if continued for a long period, eczema and furunculus 
urticaria results. 

When taken as food it assists digestion and nutrition, regu- 
lates osmosis and it holds the fibrin and albumen in solution. 



380 Blackwood's materia mbdica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in weak, anaemic patients who are 
greatly emaciated and loose flesh while living well. They 
take cold easily, are hopeless regarding the future, have a vio- 
lent thirst, and an aversion to bread. 

It is useful in intermittent fevers of long standing, es- 
pecially after the abuse of Quinine. There is great debility, 
a sallow complexion, congestion of blood to the head, and as a 
result a bursting headache. There is excessive thirst during 
the hot stage. There are fever blisters upon the lips. 

The chill is usually at 11 a. m. It is long- lasting, and is 
followed by dry heat and a bursting headache. There is 
thirst for large quantities of water before and during the chill; 
after the chill the headache increases and feels as though there 
were a thousand little hammers beating the brain. It is use- 
ful in chronic malarial conditions when there is a state of 
hydraemia present, with weakness, constipation, and loss of ap- 
petite in those who have taken much Quinine. 

It is of service in constipation, when the stools are difficult 
of expulsion. They fissure the anus, and there is a flow of 
blood, which leaves a sensation of great soreness of the anus. 
The stools are dry and crumbling, and are expelled with great 
difficulty. 

It is of service in chronic excoriating, watery diarrhoea, 
that is attended with great burning of the anus and much 
emaciation. 

It should be remembered in dyspepsia, when the food 
taken produces a dull aching and distension of the stomach 
and abdomen. The bilious and dyspeptic symptoms are 
marked. There is an alternate constipation and diarrhoea. The 
stools are watery and are attended with much thirst, and there 
is a sensation of weakness and sinking of the stomach. 

It is often an important remedy in muscular asthenopia, 
blepharitis and ciliary neuralgia which comes and goes with 
the sun. There is great lachrymation which is excoriating. 

It will relieve scorbutic conditions with a putrid inflamma- 
tion of the gums, and bloody saliva. The tongue is coated 



NATRUM PHOSPHORICUM. 381 

white or is mapped. There is aphthae of the mouth and loss of 
taste. There is no desire for bread, no appetite, but great 
thirst and a desire for salts. 

It is curative in dela} r ed menstruation, when the menses 
delay more and more. There is a violent headache each morn- 
ing upon awaking, she is sad and gloomy during menses, and 
there is an acrid, corroding leucorrhcea at other times. 

It is of service in the chronic chlorosis of cachetic 
females, with pale, dirty looking skin, oppression of the chest 
and palpitation of the heart, also in the headaches of anaemic 
and chlorotic school girls. The headache is worse from sun- 
rise to sunset. The face is red. There is nausea and vomiting 
before, during and after the menses. 

It is indicated in eczema when the parts are raw and in- 
flamed, especially about the edges of the hair. The skin about 
the nails is dry and cracked and there are hangnails. 

Compare. — Graphites, Thuja, Alumen. 

NATRUM NTTRICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Sodium Nitrate. It comes 
in colorless, transparent crystals, without odor. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., vSodii 
Nitras. Dosage. — Of the crude, §j-ij- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed during the stage of con- 
gestion for much the' same indications as those calling for 
Aconite. 

NATRUM PHOSPHORICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Sodium Phosphate. It 
comes in large, colorless, transparent prisms. Preparations. 
— Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Sodii Phos- 
phas. Dosage. — Of the crude, gr. x-xl. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a mild saline ca- 
thartic and hepatic stimulant 



382 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated when the tongue and mucous mem- 
branes are pale, the abdominal muscles are tender and there is 
anorexia. The patient is drowsy, but restless. The tongue 
has a golden yellow coating, and is moist or dry. The yellow 
coating may extend to the roof of the mouth. 

It is of service in diarrhoea, when the stools are sour, green 
or white, at times chronic constipation is present, the stools are 
hard, white, pasty, or spongy and float upon water. There is 
headache and jaundice. 

It should be remembered in all cases where there are sour 
eructations and vomiting ; all the discharges are sour. 

Compare. — Calcarea carbonica, Robinia. 






NATRUM SALICYLIOUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Sodium Salicylate. A 
white amorphous powder. Preparations. — Homoeo., Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. U. S. P., Sodii Salicylas. Dosage. — 
Of the pure salt, gr.v-3j. 

Physiological Action. — While this agent possesses many 
of the properties of Salicylic acid it is a diaphoretic and chola- 
gogue, and increases the fluidity of the bile and its secretion. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

In physiological doses it is employed in acute articular 
rheumatism and muscular rheumatism, when the tongue is 
purplish or of a leaden color. The parts involved are reddened 
or of a purplish color. The fever is not high. 

It is also employed in rheumatic pharyngitis, iritis, oph- 
thalmia and detachment of the retina due to rheumatism. 

In homoeopathic doses it is useful in Manier's disease. 
There is vertigo, Tinnitus Aurium, and deafness. 

It is also of service in the prostration which follows in- 
fluenza. 

Compare. — Acidum salicylicum. 



NATRUM SULPHURICUM. 383 



NATRUM SELENICUM. 



Description. — CommonName, Sodium selenate. A white, 
crystalline powder. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — 3x to 6x triturations, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service during the early stages of laryn- 
geal tuberculosis. There is slight hoarseness, and an expectora- 
tion of small lumps of bloody mucus. 

Compare. — Rumex crisp us. 

NATRUM SULPHURICUM. 

Description. — Common Names, Sulphate of Soda,Glaubber 
Salts. It comes in large, colorless, transparent prisms. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., 
Sodium Sulphas. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. v-xx, and 
larger doses as a purgative. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in small doses is a 
laxative, aperient and diuretic. It excites the secretions of 
the intestines and stimulates the activity of the intestinal 
glands, liver and pancreas. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those cases where the patient is 
aggravated by the dampness of the weather, damp houses and 
cellars. He feels every change from dry to wet, and cannot 
eat even plants that grow near water. It should be remem- 
bered in l * humid asthma," especially in children, that appears 
with every change to wet weather, or every cold contracted. 
They are always worse during cold damp weather. The 
sputum is copious and of a greenish color. 

It is useful in morning diarrkcea, that is worse when first 
rising and standing on the feet. The passage is sudden, urg- 
ing, gushing, and is attended with much flatus. It is worse 
from damp weather or living in damp basements. 



384 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

It is of service in gonorrhoea, when the discharge is pain- 
less and is of a greenish-yellow color attended with condylo- 
mata. 

It is often beneficial in spinal meningitis, with crushing 
pains at the base of the brain. The head is drawn back. There 
is an intense congestion of blood to the brain, with delirium 
and opisthotonos. 

It is one of the most useful remedies in epilepsy, and the 
mental effect from injuries of the cranium, when there is an 
osseous depression. 

It is indicated in hepatic congestion when the region is sen- 
sitive to the touch, and there are sharp shooting pains through 
the part. He cannot lie on the left side, nor allow the cloth- 
ing to touch the part. 

Compare. — Thuja, Mercurius, Stillingia. 

NICCOLUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Nickel. One of the ele- 
ments. It is a white malleable metal. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — 6x trituration, and 
higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in periodical nervous sick head- 
aches. It begins first upon the left side. It is worse from 
morning to noon, and in a warm room. 

It is also of service in nervous dyspepsia when there is a 
weak, gone, empty sensation in the epigastrium without a 
desire for food. 

Compare. — Niccolum sulphuricum. 

NICCOLUM BKOMIDTJM. 

Description. — Synonym, Niccoli Bromidum. It comes in 
deliquescent, green, prismatic, or acicular crystals. Prep- 
arations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
substance, gr. j-x. 



NUPHAR LUTEUM. 385 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy is of service in periodical headaches of the 
congestive and neuralgic types. 



NICOTINTJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Nicotin. The alkaloid and 
active principle of tobacco (Nicotinum Tabacum). A color- 
less, mobile liquid. Preparations. — Solutions and attenua- 
tions. Dosage. — 3x to 6x triturations. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in alternate tonic and clonic 
spasms, which are followed by a general relaxation and 
trembling. There is a collapse with a cold sweat and nausea. 



NUPHAR LUTETJM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Nymphseaceae. Common 
Name, Yellow pond lily. Habitat, Europe, Asia and North 
America. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh 
root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, a fraction of 
a drop to 1 drop. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in impotence. There is complete 
absence of all sexual desire, with involuntary emissions during 
stool and when urinating. The organs are relaxed, the penis 
is retracted, and there is pain in the testicles. 

It is of service in morning diarrhcea. The stool is liquid, 
of a light yellow color. The call is urgent. There are three 
or four stools and no more till the next morning. 

Compare. — Gamboge, Sulphur, Agnus cast us, Selenium. 



386 . Blackwood's materia medica. 



NUX MOSCHATA. 

Description. — Synonyms, Myristicacese, Myristica, Nut- 
meg. Habitat, Bast Indies, West Indies and South Amer- 
ica. Preparations. — Homceo. , Mother tincture of the 
dried seeds; and dilutions. U. S. P., Myristica, Oleum Myris- 
ticse. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1-15 drops. 

Physiological Action.— This agent produces a disturb- 
ance of a nervous character of the digestive tract, uterus, and 
ovaries. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nervous hysterical people, and 
pregnant women, whose complaints are attended with sleepi- 
ness in some cases, and a tendency to faint in others. 

It is useful in flatulent dyspepsia. The abdomen is enor- 
mously distended after every meal. - " There is a nervous irrita- 
tion of the intestinal tract; all the symptoms are worse after 
every unpleasant emotion. The mouth and throat are dry and 
stiff. 

It is of service in diarrhoea when the stools are soft and 
like chopped eggs. There is loss of appetite, great sleepiness, 
and a tendency to faint. 

It should be remembered during the menstrual period, when 
the menses are too early and too profuse. The flow is thick 
and black. The throat is especially dry after sleeping and 
there is pain in the back. 

It should be remembered during pregnancy; when the stom- 
ach is distended there is difficulty in breathing, and the patient 
is hysterical. 

It is beneficial in nervous dry hysterical coughs, with sud- 
den hoarseness, nervous aphonia, oppression of the chest, and 
frequent fainting spells. 

Compare. — Asafostida, Ignatia, Nux vomica. 



NUX VOMICA. 387 



NUX VOMICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Loganiaceae. Common 
Name, Poison nut. Habitat, East Indies, West Indies and 
South America. The seeds of Strychnos Nux vomica, Linne. 
The}- contain the alkaloids Strychnine and Brucine. Prep- 
arations. — Ho-mceo.y Mother tincture of the dried nuts; 
triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P. , Nux vomica. Bxtractum 
Nucis Vomicae, Fluidextractum Nucis Vomicae, Tinctura 
Nucis Vomicae. Dosage. — Homozo., Of the mother tincture 
T X o (0.2-0.5 per cent, of total alkaloids ) TT|j- x - K ^ ^-> ^ x ~ 
tract, gr. %\ fluidextract, TTL j ; of the tincture TTLx. 

Physiological Action. — In small doses this agent is a 
stomachic tonic, increasing the vascularity of the gastric mu- 
cous membrane, and increasing the gastric juice, as well as the 
biliary and pancreatic secretions. If continued over a long 
period it deranges digestion. It stimulates the peristalsis of 
the intestines and renders them irregular. The motor nerve 
cells of the spinal cord, cardiac ganglia, respiratory and vaso- 
motor centres in the medulla are stimulated. The reflex ex- 
citability is increased. The respirations are quickened and 
deepened; the action of the heart is increased and the blood 
pressure raised. The senses are all rendered more acute. The 
desire to urinate is increased. It excites uterine contractions, 
promotes menstruation, and excites the sexual organs. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the thin, irritable, dark haired, 
bilious, quarrelsome, malicious individual who is disposed to 
anger, spite and deception, those who are suffering from the 
bad effects of coffee, tobacco, alcoholic stimulants, highly 
seasoned food, over-eating, over-mental exertion, sedentary 
habits, loss of sleep, aromatic and patent medicines. He can- 
not keep awake in the evening, falls asleep long before bed 
time, and awakes at 3 or 4 a. m.; falls into a dreamy sleep at 
day -break, from which he is hard to arouse, and then com- 
plains a great deal and feels tired and weak. It will be found 



300 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

to act better if given at night. There is a dull, confused sen- 
sation in the morning on waking. The headache increases 
during the day and grows easier towards evening. It is in the 
frontal and supra-orbital region, and is associated with nausea, 
vertigo, and vomiting of sour, bitter material. It is often at- 
tended with constipation and haemorrhoids in those who are 
high livers, and alcoholic subjects. At times there is a sensa- 
tion as though the head was larger than the body, the mind is 
confused. The patient cannot think or remember anything. 

It is useful in gastralgia associated with flatulency, when 
the pains simulate cramps. They radiate into either hypo- 
chondria, or beneath the sternum. It is also useful in sub- 
acute and chronic gastritis when the region of the stomach is 
sensitive to pressure. She cannot bear tight clothing. There 
is pressing pain as from a load in the stomach; following a 
meal there is nausea, and he is anxious, debilitated and sick. 
It is also useful in atonic dyspepsia, when there is much flatu- 
lent distension of abdomen after eating, with colic and press- 
ure upwards that causes shortness of breath, also pressure 
downwards causing a desire for stool. This is often excited by 
coffee, spirituous liquors, highly seasoned foods, acid eructa- 
tions and vomiting of sour mucus. 

It should be remembered in cases of jaundice that have re- 
sulted from fits of anger; also in hepatic hyperaemia when 
there are sticking pains and soreness in the liver. There is 
frequently a history of alcoholic excesses or the use of drastic 
purgatives. 

It is beneficial in constipation that is dependent upon inac- 
tivity and irregularity of the peristaltic action of the intes- 
tines, and as a result there is a constant ineffectual urging to 
stool, but the passage is not complete or satisfactory and there 
is a sensation as though a part remained behind. 

It is also beneficial in dysentery when the stools are thin, 
brownish, or consist of blood and mucus. There is severe 
colic before the stool, but a cessation of all pain and tenesmus 
following the stool. At times there is associated with the con- 
stipation haemorrhoids which itch and bleed severely. These 
are associated with the ineffectual urging for stool, 



NYCfANTHES. 389 

It relieves paralytic incontinence of urine due to paralysis 
of the muscular wall of the bladder. There is violent strain- 
ing and ineffectual efforts to pass the urine with a scanty dis- 
charge, also dribbling of the urine in old men from enlarged 
prostates. 

It is the remedy for sexual excesses, when there are fre- 
quent emissions towards night, with backache and difficult 
walking; also in lumbago when it is worse at night, when 
lying in bed he cannot turn over without sitting up. 

It is indicated in chills and fever when the chill begins in 
the extremities. There is gaping and yawning, with blueness 
of the nails. There is thirst with the chill which passes if the 
patient vomits. There are indications of rheumatism of the 
joints and muscles. The pains are worse towards morning and 
the general symptoms of the remedy are present. 

It is useful during early stages of cold in the head, when it 
is brought on by exposure to damp cold weather. There is a 
stuffed feeling of the nose with sneezing. There is a discharge 
from the nose during the day, but it is closed at night. There 
is dullness and oppression of the frontal region and all symp- 
toms are worse in a warm room and better in the open air. 

Compare. — Lycopodium, Bryonia alba, Graphites, Hy- 
drastis Canadensis. 



NYCTANTHES. 

Description — Natural Order, Jasminace^e. Common 
Name, Arbor tristis, Night-jasmine of India. Habitat, central 
India. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions from 3X up. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an expectorant, 
bitter tonic, febrifuge and purgative. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of remittent, inter- 
mittent and bilious fevers, also rheumatism, sciatica, and con- 
stipation. 






39° Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is indicated in remittent and bilious fevers when the 
liver and spleen are enlarged and tender. The bowels are 
constipated. The urine is scanty and high colored. Fre- 
quently there is vomiting of bilious material which is worse 
after drinking water. The fever may be of the remittent or 
intermittent type. 

Compare. — Eupatorium perfoliatum, Arsenicum album. 

NYMPH^EA ODORATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Nymphseaceae. Common 
Name, White pond lily. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1TL j-xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal fever. There is a 
feeling of dulness with headache through the temples with 
severe coryza. The throat is sore and deglutition is painful. 
The bowels are relaxed, and there is pain in the back and 
limbs. 

Compare. — Gelsemium, Sabadilla, Euphrasia. 

OCIMUM CANUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Labiate ae. Common 
Names, Alfavaca, Hoary Basil. Habitat, Brazil. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Dilutions from 3X up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This femedy is indicated in the uric acid diathesis, when 
the urine is thick, and there is a brick dust or yellow sedi- 
ment. There may be a renal colic. The pain is upon the 
right side. In some cases the urine contains pus and blood. 

It is also of service when there is glandular szvelling with 
these renal symptoms. 

Compare. — Berberis vulgaris, Lycopodium, Pareira 
brava. 



OENOTHERA BIENNIS. 39I 



CENANTHE CROCATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferae. Common 
Name, Water dropwort. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. 
-Of the tincture, m j-ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces vertigo, 
weakness, delirium, and convulsions, which may be general or 
local, and insensibility. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in convulsions that are epilepti- 
form in character, and in epilepsy. The face is swollen, livid, 
or pale, the eyes are fixed, the pupils dilated, and there is 
frothing at the mouth, oppressed breathing, and coldness of 
the extremities. The pulse is weak. The spasms are first 
tonic then clonic in character. The respirations are heavy, 
spasmodic and stertorous. The attacks are usually worse dur- 
ing menstruation and pregnancy. 

It is also of service in cases of leprosy and ichthyosis; also 
where there are red spots on the face, and a pain that com- 
mences in the small of the back and extends to the sciatic and 
crural nerves. 

Compare. — Hydro cya?iic acid. 

OENOTHERA BIENNIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Onagracese. Common 
Name, Evening primrose. Habitat, North America. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 15 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea. The summer diar- 
rhcea of children w T ith exhaustion, and the chronic diarrhoea 
of thin, emaciated subjects; also in diarrhoea following con- 
finement when the subject is pale, emaciated and despondent. 



39 2 Blackwood's materia medica. 



OLEANDER. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocynaceae. Synonyms, 
Nerium Oleander. Habitat, Kurope, Asia and Africa. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 3 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in eczema. There is a violent 
itching, bleeding, oozing eruption. The skin is very sensitive, 
the slightest friction causing soreness and chapping. While 
this condition may appear at any point it is often at the mar- 
gin of the hair. 

It is also useful in paralytic conditions, hemiplegia, para- 
plegia, painless paralysis with swelling, burning, and stiffness 
of the fingers. 

Compare. — Conium maculatum, Rhus toxicodendron, 
Lathyrus. - 

OLEUM ANIMALE. 

Description. — Common Name, Animal oil. An oil ob- 
tained in the distillation of animal matter. Preparations. — 
A T \ solution of the rectified oil in alcohol; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been of service in megrim, neuralgia of 
the spermatic cord and in nervous asthma. 

OLEUM JECORIS ASELLI. 

Description. — Common Name, Cod liver oil. A fixed oil 
obtained from the fresh liver of the cod fish (Gadus Morrhua 
Ivinne) or of other species of Gadus; Class Pisces; Order, 
Teleostia; Family, Gadida. Preparations. — Homceo., Tinc- 
ture, fe triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Oleum Mor- 
rhuse. Dosage. — Of the pure oil, ]/ 2 fluid ounce. 



OKISCUS ASEUvUS. 393 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in tuberculosis, when the patient 
is becoming emaciated. There is a dry, hacking, tickling 
cough, which is worse at night. There is soreness of the 
chest, with sharp sticking pains through the lungs. Hectic 
fever and night sweats are present. 

It is useful in the marasmus of children, who are emaciated, 
restless and feverish at night. 

Compare, — Iodium, Phosphorus, Tuberculinum. 

OLEUM SANTALI. 

'Description. — Oil of sandal- wood is a volatile oil distilled 
from the wood of San talum album. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture, y 1 ^; triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., 
Oleum Santali. Dosage. — Of the pure oil, 5 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in gonorrhoea. The discharge is 
thick and yellow. There is a swelling of the prepuce. The 
erections are painful. The urine is passed slowly and causes 
burning and smarting of the urethra. 

It is of service in these cases when the prostate gland is im- 
plicated and there is a pain deep in the perineum. 

It should be remembered in bronchitis when the cough is dry 
and hacking. 

Compare — Cannabis saliva, Buchu, Copaiba. 

ONISCTJS ASELLUS. 

Description. — This little animal, the common wood louse, 
isof the Class Insecta, Order Crustacese, and Family Oniscidae. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the live animals; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions, 3 and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is said to be of service in dropsies, asthma and 
I bronchial catarrh. 
26 



394 Blackwood's materia medica. 



ONONIS SPINOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,eguminosae. Common 
Name, Common Rest-harrow. Habitat, Europe and Asia 
Minor. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the whole 
fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in chronic nephritis when asso- 
ciated with renal calculus. 



ONOSMODIUM VIRGINIANUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Borraginaceae. Common 
Name, False gromwell. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the root and seed; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in megrim. There is a dull, 
heavy pressing, occipito frontal pain, which is worse in the 
morning upon walking. It is mostly upon the left side. The 
headache is often produced by straining or over-using the 
eyes, which at times feel strained. It is useful in priapism 
with numbness and tingling in the feet and legs, and psychical 
impotence. 

It is of service in the female when the sexual desire is com- 
pletely lost, there is aching of the breast and a feeling as 
though the menses would appear. 

Compare. — Gelsemium, Cimicifuga, Agnus castus, 
Sabina. 



opium. 395 



OPIUM. 



Description. — " The concrete milky exudation obtained 
by incising the unripe capsules of the poppy (Papaver 'somni- 
ferum, of the Natural Order, Papaveracese). Its principal 
alkaloids are Morphine and Codeine; an artificial alkaloid de- 
rived from these is Apomorphine. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture ^ of the dried gum; triturations, and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Opii pulvis, Extractum Opii, Opium de- 
oderatum, Tinctura Opii (Laudanum) , Tinctura Opii Cam- 
phorata (Paregoric) , Liquor Morphinse Sulphatis (Magendie's 
solution). Dosage. — Homceo., Of the mother tincture, Til 
j-xx. U. S. P., dose of powdered and deodorized opium, gr. 
ss-iij; of the extract, gr. %-iy, of Laudanum, TTL v-xxx; of 
Paregoric, for infant, 5 to 20 drops, and for adult, 3j-iv; °f 
Magendie's solution (unofficial), TTL x-lx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a narcotic, hyp- 
notic, analgesic, antispasmodic and diaphoretic. It arrests all 
the secretions except the milk and sweat, increasing the latter. 
The mucous membranes are dryer than normal. There is loss 
of appetite and the digestion is retarded. The heart's action 
and the arterial tension are increased, and the cerebral function 
is active. There is an exhilaration that borders on intoxica- 
tion, which is followed by a calm. The sleep that follows is 
disturbed by dreams. This is followed by headaches, ex- 
haustion, constipation and digestive disturbance. 

When a toxic dose is taken, the pulse is slow, there is slow 
and stertorous breathing which becomes feeble and irregular. 
The face is cyanosed, the reflexes are lost, and coma gradually 
deepens. The pupils that at first are contracted, dilate as 
death approaches. Post-mortem shows a wet brain, the 
lungs congested and the venous trunks engorged. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a lack of vital re- 
action and the well chosen remedy does not have the desired 
effect. Diseases that originate in fright. He is very sleepy, 



396 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MJSDICA. 

but cannot sleep. The face is purplish and swollen. There is 
great stupor, patient complains of nothing and wants nothing. 
It is useful in cerebral hemorrhage when the pulse is slow, 
the bre # athing is stertorous, and there is tetanic rigidity. 

It is also useful in constipation of children, and corpulent 
women when the stools are composed of round, hard, black 
balls, the stool protruded and recedes. The abdomen is dis- 
tended and tympanitic. At times the stools are involuntary, 
especially after a fright. They are black and offensive. 

It is of service in retention of the urine, when the bladder 
is full and distended, following confinement, and in fevers or 
acute illnesses. Also in spasms of children caused by the ap- 
proach of strangers; from nursing after fright or anger of the 
mother. Their eyes are half open. There is screaming before 
and during the spasm. 

It should be remembered whenever there is a heavy, stupid 
sleep, with stertorous breathing, the face is red, the eyes are 
half closed and bloodshot, the skin is_ covered with hot sweat; 
also in insomnia when he is sleepy but cannot sleep, sleepi- 
ness with acuteness of hearing, a clock striking at a distance is 
heard distinctly. 

It is of benefit in twitching of the muscles with trem- 
bling of the head, arms and hands and ptosis when the lids 
hang down as if paralyzed. 

Compare. — Belladonna, Gelsemium, Nux moschata. 

OPUNTIA VULGARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cactacese. Common 
Name, Prickly pear. Habitat, America. Preparations. — 
The mother tincture of the fresh plant in flower; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea with nausea. There 
is a faint sick feeling in the lower portion of the abdomen with 
a sensation as though all the intestines had lodged there. 



osmium. 397 



OREODAPHNE CAL.IFORNICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lauracese. Common 
Name, California laurel. Habitat, California. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cervico occipital pain and head- 
ache. The pain may extend to the scapula. The head feels 
heavy and there is a desire to keep it moving. 

It should also be remembered in atonic diarrhoea. 

Compare. — Gelsemium. 

ORIGANUM VULGARE. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,abiatae. Common Name, 
Wild marjoram. Habitat, North America. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh herb, in flower; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in erotomania and obscure nerv- 
ous disorders of women that are dependent upon irritation of 
the sexual organs. 

Compare. — Platinum, Valeriana, Cantharis. 

OSMIUM. 

Description. — A metallic element, which is lustrous 
and blue, white, or grayish to black according to method of 
reduction. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. 
Dosage. — 3x to 6x triturations, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in coryza, and acute laryngitis. 
The nose feels full and the parts are sensitive to the air. 



39$ BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

There is a convulsive cough with hoarseness. The process 
may extend downward and a broncho-pneumonia may de- 
velop. 

It is useful in nephritis with the large white kidney. 

Compare. — Argentum metallicum, Selenium. 

OSTRYA VIRGINIOA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cupuliferse. Common 
Name, Iron-wood. Habitat, North America. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of heart-wood; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in ancemia, from malaria with bil- 
ious symptoms. There is loss of appetite for breakfast and 
dinner; a dull frontal headache with nausea and great prostra- 
tion. 

Compare. — Natrum muriaticum. 

OVI GALLINJE PELLICULA. 

Description. — The membrane inside the shell of a Hen's 
egg. Preparations. — Mother tincture and triturations of 
the fresh membrane; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions from 
the 6th up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a dull heavy aching 
pain in the region of the heart, which at times extends to the 
left ovary. 

OXALIS ACETOSELLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Geraniaceae. Common 
Name, Wood-sorrel. Habitat, Europe and America. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 






ozonum. 399 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in mental delusions, that are pres- 
ent when the eyes are shut. The patient is restless and un- 
easy. It is useful when there is a sense of fullness before the 
meal is begun or completed. The bowels are constipated. 
The stool is hard and lumpy and is voided with great straining. 
It is preceded by a severe colicky pain. 



OXYTROPIS LAMBERT! 

Description. — Natural Order, Legnminosae. Common 
Names, Loco-weed, Crazy-weed. Habitat, North America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant without 
the root; and dilutions. Dosage. — From the 3X dilution up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent produces congestion of the spinal cord and 
paralysis. The sphincters are relaxed and the stools escape 
from the rectum. The gait is staggering, there is lack of co- 
ordination, the reflexes are lost, and the pains come and go 
quickly. 

Compare. — Lathyrus. 



OZONUM. 

Description. — A modified form of ogygen, Nacent ogygen. 
Preparations. — " Distilled water charged with the gas. Dilu- 
tions of the preparation called Oxydol. " — Clarke's Dictionary 
of Mat. Med. Dosage. — The saturated solution and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is pain in the ilio- 
sacral articulation. There is a sensation of tiredness all 
through the pelvis. 



4oo Blackwood's materia medica. 



PJEONIA OFFICINALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order ■, Ranunculaceae. Common 
Name, Peony. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, i to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diseases of the rectum and anus 
and in ulcers of the lower portion of the body. It is of service 
in fissures and ulcers of the anus and perineum, which are 
purple in color, are covered with crusts and attended with 
biting and itching in the anus; each stool is attended and fol- 
lowed with severe pain. It is useful in hemorrhoids when 
attended with ulceration of the anus and surrounding parts, 
which are of a purplish color. 

Compare. — Ratanhia, Aloe. 



PALLADIUM. 

Description. — A metallic element. A white metal when 
compact, or a gray powder or sponge, according to method of 
reduction. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. 
Dosage — The 6x trituration, or higher in dilution. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are inclined to weep. 
They love approbation, but are easily offended and employ 
abusive language. It is of service in headache when the pain 
extends across the top of the head from one ear to the other. 
This is apt to appear the day after an evening entertainment. 
It is useful in neuralgia of the right ovary. There is a sensa- 
tion of bearing down in the pelvis. The pain is worse while 
standing and moving, and is better from lying down. 

Compare. — Helonias, Lilium tigrinum. 



PANCREATINUM. 40I 



PANACEA ARVENSIS. 



Description. — Common Name, Poorman's Mercury. A 
tree common in Brazil, but not described. Introduced by Dr. 
Mure, Brazil. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh 
leaves; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions from the 6th up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is sensitiveness over 
the gastric region with hunger, but an aversion to food. 



PANAX. 

Description. — Natural Order, Araliaceae. Synonyms, 
Aralia quinquefolia, Ginseng. Habitat, United States, China 
and Japan. , Preparations. — Mother tincture of the freshly 
dried roots; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nervous dyspepsia, mental and 
nervous exhaustion from overwork. It is of service in nerv- 
ous prostration and cerebral aricemia. There is paralytic 
weakness. It is also useful in intestinal fermentation. 



PANOREATINUM. 

Description. — An extract obtained from the pancreas 
usually that from the hog. Preparations. — Homceo. , Trit- 
urations of the dry Pancreatin; and dilutions. U. S. P., Pan- 
creatinum. Dosage. — Of the pure Pancreatin, gr. iij-viij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a combination of 
several enzymes. Its agent is most potent in an alkaline 
medium, and as a result should not be administered during the 
active period of stomachic digestion. 



402 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

therapeutics. 

This agent is indicated in intestinal indigestion with pain 
in. the intestinal canal, commencing^ one hour or more after 
eating. There are eructations of fatty foods, and the passage 
of fatty undigested food in the stools. 

It is useful in lienteric diarrhoea and in the diarrhoeas of 
children when the stools contain undigested particles of fat. 

PAPAYA VULGARIS. 

Description. — Synonyms, Carica Papaya, Pawpaw, Papain. 
The juice from the unripe fruit and other parts of the plant. 
It comes as a grayish, fine powder, soluble in water, and is 
marketed under the name of Papoid. Preparations. — Tritu- 
rations. Dosage. — Of the pure, dried juice, gr. j-v. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a non-toxic vege- 
table digestive, while its action is greatest in a fluid of an al- 
kaline reaction, yet it acts also in an acid or neutral medium. 
It emulsifies fats, peptonizes albuminoids and changes starches 
into maltose. It prevents fermentation and stimulates the di- 
gestive ferments of the intestines. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in gastrodynia and enteralgia fol- 
lowing the meal and during the active period of digestion; in 
atonic dyspepsia, and chlorhydria. It is also useful in gastric 
catarrh, when it assists in the removal of the discharge by its 
direct action upon the mucous surfaces. 

It is of service in the gastric derangements of pregnancy 
and in dilatation and cancer of the stomach. 

Compare. — Pepsin, Pancreatin. 

PARAFFINTJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Paraffin. A solid white 
diaphonous substance, resembling white wax, procured from 
petroleum or bituminous shales by distillation, Prepara- 



PARIS OUADRIFOLIA. 403 

tions. — Homoeo., the purified paraffin is triturated. U. S. P., 
Paraffinum. Dosage. — Triturations, ix to 6x. 

tSerapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in uterine affections when the 
menses are profuse, and the flow is delayed and abundant. Be- 
tween the periods there is a milky leucorrhcea. It is also use- 
ful in constipation, especially of children. There is a frequent 
desire for stool without results. 

Compare. — Nux vomica. 



PAREIRA BRAVA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Menispermaceae. Common 
Name, Pareira. Habitat, West Indies and Central America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the dried root; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a constant urging 
to urinate. There are violent pains in the glans penis, that 
extend down the thighs during the effort to urinate. The 
urethra and prostate glands are inflamed. The urine is dark 
and bloody and is passed only with great effort when upon the 
hands and knees. The bladder feels as if it were distended. 
The urine passes in dribbles. 

Compare. — Chimaphila, Uva ursi, Hydrangea, Berberis 
vulgaris. 



PARIS QUADRIFOLIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Liliaceae. Common Name, 
Herb Paris. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1 to 2 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces irritation of 
the nervous system. 



404 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy has been employed when there is headache and 
a sensation as though there was a str^jg pulling the eye to the 
occiput. There is also a sense of weight and weariness in the 
neck and across the shoulders. 

PASSIFLORA INCARNATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Passifloraceae. Common 
Name, Passion flower. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, from i drop to 2 fluid drachms. 

Physiological Action.— This agent is a narcotic and 
antispasmodic. In large doses it causes spasms and convul- 
sions in animals. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in insomnia, which is dependent 
upon worry, exhaustion, overwork, and nervous erethism from 
any cause; this wakefulness may be observed in infants or the 
aged. It should not be relied upon when the insomnia is de- 
pendent upon pain. It is useful in muscular twitching and 
nervous excitement of children when convulsions are threat- 
ened. It will often prevent convulsions while the cause is still 
operative, and during its removal. It should be remembered 
in tetanus, with opisthoto?ius, trismus, and the convulsions in 
children. It is of service in the nervous effects of alcoholism, 
morphinism and following the acute symptoms of spinal 
meningitis when he cannot sleep or rest in bed and yet is too 
weak to sit up. 

Compare. — Piscidia, Hyoscyamus. 

PENTHORTJM SEDOIDBS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Crassilaceae. Common 
Name, Stone-crop. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 



PETROLEUM. 405 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated during the incipiency of coryza. 
There is rawness of the nose and throat with a sensation of fluid 
in the nose. Later the discharge becomes thick and purulent. 



PEPSINUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Pepsin. A peculiar or- 
ganic matter from the glandular layer of fresh stomachs from 
healthy pigs. It comes in fine white or yellowish amorphous 
powder, or in thin translucent scales. Preparations. — 
Homceo.y Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Pepsinum. 
Dosage. — Of the pure Pepsin, 4 grains. 

Physiological Action.— This agent converts nitrogenous 
foods into peptones and stimulates the gastric glands. It acts 
best in an acid medium. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It is indicated when there are evidences of imperfect diges- 
tion with pain in the region of the stomach, as observed in 
neurasthenia, diseases of the nervous system, acute protracted 
diseases, surgical diseases, traumatism, gastric cancer and ul- 
cers. It should be remembered in marasmus of children who 
have been fed on artificial foods. This agent should be em- 
ployed to partially peptonize the food of such children before 
it is administered. It is useful in diarrhoea of children and 
adults, dependent upon indigestion of the foods. 
Compare. — Papaya. 



PETROLEUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Coal oil, Rock oil. A 
liquid, combustible hydrocarbon issuing from the earth. The 
crude Rangoon oil obtained from Italy should be used in 
Homoeopathy. Preparations. — Mother tincture -^\ tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the pure oil, 1 to 30 drops. 



406 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces tonic and 
chronic convulsions with oppression, giddiness, palpitation of 
the heart and faintness. It renders the skin unhealthy and 
produces vesicular, erysipelatous and pustular inflammations. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in eczema and herpes. They are 
worse about the ears and occiput and on the hands. The af- 
fected part is raw and fiery red and there is an oozing of a 
thick gelatinous fluid from the surface with intense itching 
and burning. At times the parts are dry and fissured. These 
fissures bleed easily, are sore and most painful in dam; 
weather. It has been employed when the hair follicles are in 
flamed and indurated. 

It is useful in seasickness, in the nausea of pregnancy an 
atonic dyspepsia when there is a tendency to diarrhoea, with 
vomiting, pains in the epigastrium, pyrosis and a sensation of 
chilliness in the abdomen. _ 

It should be remembered in foetid siueats of the axilla and 
of the feet when the latter are tender and there is a general 
unhealthy condition of the skin. It has been employed i: 
five grain pills of the crude drug and repeated every fou 
hours in phthisis, especially during the early stages, and the 
laryngeal variety. 

Compare. — Graphites, Sulphur, Phosphorus. 



d 

: 



PETROSELINTJM SATIVUM. 

Description.-— Natural Order, Umbelliferse. Common 
Name, Parsley. Habitat, Kurope and India. It contains an 
oily principle called Apiol. Preparations. — Mother tincture 
of the whole fresh plant; and diluions. Dostage. — Of the 
tincture, i to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diuretic, and 
emmenagogue. It stimulates the skin, circulation and bron- 
chial mucous membrane. It is a carminative and slightly laxa- 
tive. 



PHELLANDRIUM AQUATICUM. 407 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is a severe and sud- 
den urging to urinate. This is attended with such severe 
pain that the patient suffers, shivers, and dances about the 
room. In children the desire comes so suddenly that they 
jump up and down with pain, and if not attended to at once 
the urine escapes upon the floor. The desire to urinate may 
return every half hour. There is an intolerable itching or 
biting deep in the urethra which at times feels as though a 
stick passed into it might give relief. In cases of gleet there 
is often, a milky fluid, or mucus from the urethra; it may 
occur after indulgence in liquor or spices, when it is attended 
with severe priapism and chordee. There may be pain in the 
fossa, navicularis and dribbling of the urine after urinating. 

Apiol. — This is an active principle of petroselinum and has 
been employed in cases of amenorrhoea, menstrual derange- 
ments and neuralgic dysmenorrhea. It is given in five drop 
doses before the expected menstrual period. 

Compare. — Cantharis. 

PHASEOLUS NANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,eguniinosae. Common 
Name, Dwarf bean. Habitat, probably Kast India. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the bean; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in weak heart. There is a feeling 
of impending dissolution. The heart action is irregular, there 
is palpitation and general dropsy, The pulse is scarcely per- 
ceptible while the respirations are slow and irregular. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Crataegus. 

PHELLANDRIUM AQUATICUM. 
Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferae. Common 
Name, Water fennel. Habitat, Asia. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh seeds; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 



4oS Blackwood's materia mbdica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in persons of a feeble, irritable, 
lymphatic constitution, with weak and defective reaction, who 
suffer from a chronic bronchial catarrh, with more or less pro- 
fuse expectoration. The cough returns and increases during 
the cold seasons of the year, and only abates upon the return 
of warm weather; it is continuous for an hour or more early in 
the morning, and is accompanied by dyspnoea and prostration; 
the cough at night is not relieved by sitting up. The secondary 
changes, as emphysema and dilatation of the right heart, have 
often taken place. There are coarse rales; the respirations 
are short; cough continues at times, day and night; there be- 
ing great thirst with loss of appetite and sleeplessness. I 
should be studied during the last stage of pulmonary tubercu 
losis when the expectoration is very offensive. 

It is also of service in neuralgic headaches, the pain involv 
ing the nerves going to the eyes. The pains are worse on at- 
tempting to use the eyes. Bright lights cannot be borne. It 
should be remembered in mastodynia when the pain is in the 
milk ducts and is worse between periods of nursing. 

PHLORIZIN. 

Description. — Common Name, Phlqridzin. A bitter 
crystalline principle found in the bark, and more abundantly 
in the bark of the root, of the apple, pear, cherry, and plum 
trees. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the pure glucosid, gr. ij-x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent causes sugar to appear in the urine and has been 
employed in the relief of diabetes mellitus. 

PHOSPHORUS. 

Description. — A non-metallic element obtained from 
bones or Calcium phosphate. It comes in white, waxy 
cylinders. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture 



PHOSPHORUS. 409 

(saturated solution) F ^ T ; and dilutions. U. S. P., Phosphorus. 
Dosage. — Of the substance, jj - -g 1 ^- grain. Of the mother 
tincture, TV[ j-x. 

Physiological Action. — In small doses it exercises a 
stimulating effect upon brain, stomach, genital organs, circula 
tion, and the growth of bone. It causes fevers, and produces 
necrosis of the maxillary and nasal bones. In toxic doses it 
produces vomiting and purging, acute haemorrhages, and fatty 
degeneration of the heart, arteries, stomach, and liver, accom- 
panied with jaundice and a condition similar to acute yellow 
atrophy. The glandular epithelial and muscular protoplasm 
undergoes fatty degeneration. The alkalinity of the blood is 
increased and the amount of urea excreted is diminished. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in tall, slender people, with fair 
skin, blonde or red hair, those who have sensitive natures and 
lively perception, young people who grow too rapidly, are in- 
clined to stoop, and suffer from chlorosis and anaemia. There 
is great weakness of the whole body, especially of the legs, and 
arms, which are so weak they can scarcely walk or raise the 
hands. They are sensitive to cold air and take cold easily. 
There are caries of the nasal bones, with stoppage of the nose, 
haemorrhage and nasal polypi. 

It is of service in brain fag and softening of the brain. 
The patient feels tired and dreads mental exertion. There is a 
sensation of coldness in the head. He answers questions 
slowly, and there is a mental fatigue and apathy. 

It is useful in cataracts^ early in the disease when the 
letters appear red, also in degeneration or atrophy of the optic 
nerve; objects have a cloudiness about them. There is a halo 
around the light, a red appearance of objects, flashes of light; 
it is also of service in retinal apoplexy. 

It should be remembered in gastric neurosis; as soon as the 
cold water becomes warm in the stomach it is thrown up. The 
food regurgitates back into the mouth as soon as it is eaten. 
There is a sensation of great weakness and emptiness in the 
abdomen. Also in dyspepsia when there is excessive 
27 



410 Blackwood's materia medica. 

flatulence, the tongue is white, and the patient is hungry, es- 
pecially at night, and longs for cold things, which bring relief 
till they become warm when they are vomited. It should be re- 
membered in haematemesis when it is temporarily relieved by 
drinking cold water. 

It is of benefit in acute yellow atrophy, acute hepatitis, and 
fatty degeneration, and cirrhosis; also in diarrhoea when the 
passage is painless and involuntarily pours away as if ' * from a 
hydrant." There is great exhaustion and prostration. When 
constipation is present the stools are long and slender, like a 
dog's, and are voided with much straining. 

It relieves nephritis when there is a profuse discharge of 
bloody urine which contains many granular casts. 

It is of service in laryngitis when there is hoarseness and 
aphonia, with great sensitiveness of the larynx. The voice is 
hoarse and there is a distressing cough upon attempting to 
talk. The cough is dry and is caused by an irritation and 
tickling which is referred to the trachea. There is capillary 
bronchitis when the cough is dry, hard and exhausting. It is 
worse in the evening, and on coming from a warm room into 
the cold air. There is great pain and distress under the 
sternum. 

It should be studied in pneumonia during the stage of 
hepatization. The consolidation is not marked. There is but 
little pain, but there is a large quantity of mucous secretion. 
The fever is not high. The expectoration is muco-purulent or 
rusty, and there is a tendency for the case to assume the ty- 
phoid type. 

It should be borne in mind in incipient as well as the more 
advanced cases of phthisis. The cough is dry and hacking, 
with burning and tickling of the air passages. There are fre- 
quent haemorrhages from the lungs. The patient is emaciated, 
sensitive to sudden changes of the weather and takes cold 
easily. The general indications of the remedy are present. 

It is of assistance in low adynamic types of fevers, there is 
but little or no thirst. The perspiration is copious and ex- 
hausting, especially at night. The symptoms are worse from 4 
to 5 P. M. 



PHYSOSTIGMA VENEISTACUM. 411 

It relieves spinal irritation, when the spinous processes of 
the dorsal vertebrae between the scapulae are sensitive to press- 
ure. This sensitiveness extends to the muscles of the back, 
and there are burning pains in the small of the back. 

Compare. — Sulphur, Ferrum phosphoricum, Chininum y 
Calcarea carbonica. 



PHYSOSTIGMA VENENOSUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosae. Common 
Name, Calabar bean. Habitat, Africa. Its active principle 
is physostigmine (Bserine) . Preparations. — Homoeo. , 
Mother tincture of the bean ; and dilutions. U. S. P. , 
Physostigma. Extractum Physostigmatis. Tinctura Physos- 
tigmatis. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture (to), Tf|j-xv; of 
the extract, gr. r V-i; °f tne Physostigminae Sulphas, gr. 

1 i_ 

to~o so- 
Physiological Action. — This agent produces a sensation 
of burning of the stomach with nausea, vomiting and purging. 
The secretions of the alimentary canal are all increased, as 
well as the intestinal peristalsis. There is a general exhaus- 
tion, muscular relaxation and a cold, pallid skin, with vertigo, 
paralysis and tetanic convulsions. The heart's action becomes 
weaker and its contractions irregular finally ceasing. The 
blood contains an excess of carbonic acid gas. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy as indicated in spinal and nervous irritation. 
There is great prostration of the muscular system and tender- 
ness of the spine. It has also been employed in general pa- 
ralysis of the insane and progressive muscular atrophy, also in 
tetanus of traumatic or idiopathic origin, when the slightest 
draft of air renews the spasm. 

It is claimed to relieve acquired myopia the result of cil- 
iary spasm, also night blindness with twitching of the ocular 
muscles and contraction of the pupils. 

Compare. — Conium, Curare, Muscarin, Gelsemium. 



412 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

PHYTOLACCA DBOANDRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Phytolaccacese. Common 
Name, Poke. Habitat, North America. Preparations. — 
Homoeo., Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
U. S. P. , Phytolacca. Fluidextractum Phytolacca. Dosage. 
— Of the mother tincture, i to 3c drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an emetic and pur- 
gative. It produces irritation and inflammation of the serous, 
fibrinous and mucous tissue, skin and periosteum. In the 
glandular tissue there is a tendency to ulceration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sub-acute and chronic rheuma- 
tism located in the periosteum and fibrous tissue of the neck 
and back, or he feels sore all over from head to foot. The 
muscles are sore and stiff. Rheumatic pains in the lower ex- 
tremities with nightly bone pains.-" The patient is worse at 
night and during damp weather, and, while he is restless and 
desires to move, motion aggravates. It is useful in tonsilitis 
and diphtheria. The throat is covered with a dark colored 
membrane and feels as though a ball of fire had lodged there. 
The breath is offensive. The glands of the parts are enlarged. 
The fever is high and there are aching pains in the back and 
legs and he feels as though he were pounded all over. There 
is great prostration and a pain shoots from the throat into the 
ears on swallowing. It is also useful in pharyngitis when the 
parts are of a dark red color. The uvula is large and almost 
translucent. 

It is of service in inflammation of the breasts, when the 
glands are hard and painful. The pains shoot all over the 
body when the child nurses. It is also of service in the hard 
painful nodosities that appear independent of lactation, when 
it should be applied locally and taken internally. It should 
be remembered during dentition when the child bites the 
teeth together. It is employed in syphilis during secondary 
stages. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Mercurius, Rhus toxicoden- 
dron, Arum trip hy Hum. 



PIPERAZINUM, 413 



PICHI. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanaceae. Synonym, 
Fabiana imbricata. Habitat, South America. Prepara- 
tions. — Fluidextract. Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, 1 to 20 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed in cases of uric acid diathesis, and 
uricacidcemia, when the bladder is greatly irritated from the 
presence of a urinary calculi. There is inflammation of the 
whole urinary tract. The urine contains pus, and is excoriat- 
ing. There is a desire to pass it frequently which is attended 
with burning pains. The tenesmus following urination is 
agonizing at times. It is also of service when these symptoms 
arise as the result of gonorrhoea, prostatitis, or cystitis. It 
relieves the suffering in cases of concentric hypertrophy of 
the bladder. 

PINUS SYLVESTRIS. 

Description.— Natural Order, Ciniferae. Common Name, 
Scotch pine. Habitat, Europe, Siberia and Manchuria. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh shoots; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is indicated in scrofulous and rachitic chil- 
dren, whose ankles are weak and who are late in learning to 
walk. The lower extremities are emaciated. It has been 
used in nettle-rash. There is itching all over, but especially 
about the joints and on the abdomen. 

PIPERAZINUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Piperazin. A white crys- 
talline powder formed by the action of Ammonia upon Ethy- 
lene Bromide or Chloride. Preparations. — Triturations. 
Dosage. — Of the substance, gr. v-xv. 



414 Blackwood's materia medica. 






i 



Physiological Action. — This agent is non-toxic an 
non-irritating to the mucous membranes with which it come 
in contact. It has but little or no effect upon the digestive, 
circulatory or respiratory systems. It passes rapidly through 
the system and within two hours is detected in the urine in a 
state of combination with uric acid. Full doses induce nau- 
sea, loss of muscular power and irregular respiration in the 
lower animals. In man in full doses (grs. xxxvii) it has 
produced severe headache, tremor, convulsions, and clonic 
spasms. Under its influence there is an enormous increase i 
the amount of urea and a like decrease in the amount of uri 
acid eliminated. It is said to have twelve times the powers o: 
carbonate of lithia in its solvent effect upon uric acid. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases where there is a persistent 
excess of uric acid and urates in the urine. There is a con- 
stant backache, the skin is dry, the "urine scanty and contains 
a brickdust sediment. It should be remembered in cases of 
chronic rheumatic arthritis, gout and acute rheumatism wher 
there is an excessive formation of uric acid. 

It is also found to be of service in cases of constant sicken- 
ing pain in the back. 

Compare. — Lithia, Berber is vulgaris. 

PIPER METHYSTICTJM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Piperaceae. Common 
Name, Kava-kava. Habitat, South Sea Islands. Prepara- 
tions.— Mother tincture of the dried root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 60 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces an anaesthe- 
sia, is a sudorific, diminishes and abolishes reflex action. It 
depresses the respirations and produces irritation of the genito- 
urinary organs. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sub-acute gonorrhoea, and 
gleet; also cystitis and catarrh of the bladder. In these cases 



PISCIDIA ERYTHRINA. 415 

twenty drops should be given in a glass of water four times a 
day. It is of service in nocturnal enuresis of the aged, the fee- 
ble, and in children, dependent upon muscular weakness. 

It is useful in nephritis with dropsy. The urine is loaded 
with albumen and contains many casts; the heart is feeble and 
irregular. It has been recommended in leprosy. The skin is 
covered with scales which when they drop off leave white 
spots that may ulcerate. 

Compare. — Cannabis sativa, Copaiba. 

PIPER NIGRUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Piperaceae. Common 
Name, Black pepper. Habitat, East and West Indies. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the unripe dried 
berries; and dilutions. U. S. P., Piper. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, 1 to 15 drops. 

Physiological Action. —This agent is a mild stimulant, 
and emmenagogue. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in malarial regions as a stimulant 
to overcome the depression that attends the malarial parox- 
ysm. It is indicated in nausea and vomiting when the latter 
is attended with extreme exertion as though everything would 
be brought up. There is continuous thirst. It is of service in 
blenorrhcea when the discharge is greenish and offensive. 
There is inflammation of the penis with priapism and burning 
pains in the organ. It should be remembered when there is 
soreness of the chest, and at each coughing spell it appears 
that the part will be torn. 

PISCIDIA ERYTHRINA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyeguminosse. Common 
Name, Jamaica Dogwood. Habitat, West Indies. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the dried bark of the root; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 



416 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Physiological Action. — This agent induces sleep, les- 
sens the sensations and increases the perspiration. In toxic 
doses it causes dyspnoea, reduces the reflexes, and induces 
convulsions, paralysis and death. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in insomnia that is dependent 
upon nervous excitement, worry, and anxiety. It is useful in 
the relief of pain, as that of dysmenorrhea, ovarian conges- 
tion, neuralgia and uterine displacement. It should be re- 
membered in the night cough of pulmonary consumption and 
spasmodic coughs in general. It does not cause any dryness 
of the mucous membranes, nor does it induce constipation. 

Compare. — Kali phosphoricum, Viburnum opulus. 



PIX LIQUIDA. 






Description. — Common Name, Tar. "An empyreumatic 
oleoresin obtained by the destructive distillation of the wood 
of Pinus palustris, and other species of Pinus.' It is a viscid, 
blackish-brown substance. Preparations. — Homceo. , Mother 
tincture. U. S. P., Pix Liquida. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 
i to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in skin diseases when the erup- 
tion is scaly, and is attended with intolerable itching. The 
eruption is most pronounced upon the back of the hands. It 
is useful in chronic bronchitis with rales through the lungs 
and a muco-purulent sputum of an offensive odor and taste. 
There is a painful spot where the third left costal cartilage 
joins the sternum. 

Compare. — Kreosote, Graphites. 

PLANTAGO MAJOR. 

Description. — Natural Order, Plantaginacese. Common 
Name, Plantain. Habitat, Europe and Japan. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 



PXATlNtfAf. 417 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in neuralgic toothache. The pains 
shoot through the face and are violent in decayed teeth. The 
pain is better while the patient is eating and is worse from 
cold air. It is of service in neuralgic earache, with sticking 
pains in the ears. The pain goes from one ear through to the 
other. \ 

It is employed in nocturnal enuresis. The urine is profuse 
and colorless. It should be applied locally, and administered 
internally in earache and toothache. 

PLATINUM, 

Description.— A metallic element. It comes in masses 
resembling silver or in a gray or black powder according to 
the mode of its reduction. Preparations. — Triturations, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations 3X to 6x, and higher in di- 
lutions. 

Physiological Action.— This agent produces nervous 
depression with a tendency to torpor and paralysis. The mind 
is deranged and has a distorted superiority over those asso- 
ciated with her. The menses are premature and profuse, with 
spasmodic and neuralgic conditions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are proud, arrogant 
and egotistical. Everything appears inferior to her, both 
mentally and physically. The patient has dark hair, rigid 
fibre, and is thin and spare. It should be studied when the 
above mental condition is present and the menses appear too 
early, are profuse, dark and clotted and are accompanied by 
bearing down pains. The ovaries are sensitive and have a 
burning pain in them. Also in nymphomania, vaginismus, 
and pruritus vulvcz. 

It is of service in constipation. There is an inertia of the 
bowels with frequent unsuccessful attempts to stool, which 
are like putty and adhere to the anus. It is also of service in 
the constipation of emigrants and travelers. 

Compare. — Valeriana, Sepia, Stannum. 



4I& BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



PLUMBUM IODATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Iodide of Lead. A heavy, 
bright-yellow powder, without odor or taste. Preparations. 
— Homoso., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Plumbi 
Iodidum. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. \ to \. 



THERAPEUTICS. 



> 



This remedy is employed in arteriosclerosis, pellagr< 
Paralysis and atrophies when dependent upon degeneration 
the spinal cord. 

It is also useful in induration of the mammary glands. 
They are sore, painful, and greatly indurated. The skin is 
dry. 

Compare. — Conium maculatum, Phytolacca, Argentum 
nitricum. 



PLUMBUM METALLICUM. 






Description. — Common Name, Lead. A metallic ele- 
ment of a brilliant bluish-gray color. Preparations. — Trit- 
urations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations 3X to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces loss of ap- 
petite, emaciation, pallor, constipation, slowing of the heart's 
action, enteralgia, paralysis of the extension muscles of the 
forearm, lessened sensibility and albuminuria. There may be 
tenderness of the joints, aphonia and gastralgia. There is a 
blue line along the margins of the gums. The calibre of the 
smaller vessels is contracted, and delirium, coma and convul- 
sions result. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the complexion is waxy, 
pallid, greasy and shining. There is a sweetish taste in the 
mouth, and everything tastes sweet. There may be a blue 
line along the margin of the gums. 



PODOPHYLLUM PELTATUM. 419 

It is of service in abdominal colic when the pains are grip- 
ing in character and there is retraction of the abdominal mus- 
cles. The bowels are constipated and there is urging to stool. 
The faeces consist of round, hard black balls. They are passed 
with difficulty. 

It is of service in chronic ?iephritis when the urine is dark 
brown, contains albumin and red blood corpuscles. It should 
be remembered in paralysis of the extensor muscles of the 
forearm, causing wrist drop; in progressive muscular atrophy , 
locomotor ataxia and infantile paralysis, also in rapid and ex- 
cessive emaciation following the paralysis. 

Compare— Alumina, Platina, Opium, Mercurius. 

PODOPHYLLUM PELTATUM. 

Description.— Natural Order, Berberidaceae. Common 
A T ames, May apple, Mandrake. Habitat, United States. 
Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother tincture of the fresh roots; 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Podophyllum. Extractum Podo- 
phylli. Fluidextractum Podophylli. Resina Podophylli. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 20 drops; of the ex- 
tract, gr. v-x; of the fluidextract, Tflj-xxx; of the resin, gr. 

Physiological Action. — This agent increases the intes- 
tinal secretions and the flow of bile; and causes copious 
watery stools that are attended with griping pains and nausea. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in gastro-enteritis. There is irri- 
tability of the rectum and anus, with haemorrhoids. It is also 
of service in a morning diarrhoea, the stools are watery and 
of a yellow color. They are profuse and pour out like water 
from a hydrant. They are preceded by gagging and vomiting 
and followed by a sensation of weakness in the abdomen and 
rectum. The diarrhoea is worse after eating and drinking. 
There is often a natural stool later in the day. It is indicated 
in the diarrhoeas that accompany dentition when the stools 
are greenish, and watery. There is rolling of the head, grind- 



420 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MItDlCA. 

ing of the teeth, and whining and moaning during sleep. 
There is often prolapsus of the rectum during stool. 

It should be remembered in congestion of the liver, when 
it is enlarged and sensitive. The face is yellow and jaundiced. 
The tongue is coated yellow and takes the imprints of the 
teeth. The stools are constipated and clay colored. The con- 
stipation is associated with headaches which pass away when 
the bowels are loose. 

Compare. — Chelidonium majus, Aloe, Mercurius, Nux 
vomica, Sulphur. 



POLYGONUM AVICULARE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Polygonaceae. Common 
Name, Door-weed. Habitat, North America, Asia and Europe. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions 3X and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is employed in phthisis and malarial fevers. 

POLYGONUM PUNOTATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Polygonaceae. Common 
Name, Water smartweed. Habitat, United States. Prepar- 
ations. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the amenorrhcea of young girls, 
when there are aching pains in the hips and loins and a sensa- 
tion of weight and tension within the loins. It is also of ser- 
vice in rectal diseases. 

Compare. — Caulophyllum, Pulsatilla, Seneca. 



POLYPORUS PINICOLA. 42 1 



POLYMNIA UVBDALIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Common 
Name, Bearsfoot. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant in flower; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — The mother tincture may be given up to 50 
minims. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in splenic and hepatic enlarge- 
ment. There is a sensation of burning in the region of the 
spleen, liver and stomach. The parts supplied by the cceliac 
axis are congested and their function is impaired.x 

In the splenic enlargement due to malaria, known as 
"ague-cake," it is frequently of the greatest service in reduc- 
ing the size of the organ, when it should be given internally 
and applied locally in the form of an ointmen-t. 

It has also been employed in uterine enlargement both 
locally and internally. 

Compare. — Ceanothus Americanus. 



POLYPORUS PINICOLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fungi. Common Name, 
Pine Agaric. Habitat, Europe and North America. Prep- 
arations.— Mother tincture of the fresh fungi; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, ito 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in both the quotidian and tertian 
types of intermittent fever. There is aching in all the large 
joints and a weak "all-gone" feeling in the epigastrium. 
There are dragging pains in the hepatic region, with constant 
nausea. The bowels may be constipated, or the stools consist 
of black faecal matter, passage being followed by great faint- 
ness. It is also of service in phthisis when it is attended with 
copious night sweats and a watery diarrhoea. 



422 Blackwood's materia medica. 



POPULUS OANDICANS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Salicacese. Common 
Name, Balm of Gilead. Habitat, abounds in Europe, but ori- 
gin not known. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the 
resinous buds; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 
5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in acute colds when there is a 
deep, hoarse voice, or aphonia; also in anaesthesia of the sur- 
face of the body, with thickening of the finger ends which are 
horny and insensible. 

POPULUS TREMULOIDES. 

Description. — Natural Order, Salicaceae. Common 
Names, Aspen, American Poplar. Habitat, North America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh inner bark and 
leaves; and dilutions. Dosage.— Of the tincture, i to 30 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in urethritis when micturition is 
painful and scalding during pregnancy. It is also useful in 
catarrh of the bladder when the urine contains much mucus 
and pus. There is severe tenesmus, and vesical irritation fol- 
lowing laparotomy or ovariotomy. 

Compare. — Cornus flor., Nux vomica, Chimaphila um- 
bellata. 



POTHOS FCETIDA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Araceae. Common Name, 
Skunk cabbage. Habitat, North America. Preparations. - 
Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. - 
Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 



PRUNUS SPINOSA. 423 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in asthma and respiratory troubles 
that are precipitated by the inhalation of dust. The distress 
is relieved by stool. It is of service in hysteria, characterized 
by distention of the abdomen. 



PRIMULA VERIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Primulaceae. Common 
Name, Primrose. Habitat, Europe and Asia. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cerebral congestion, with buz- 
zing in the ears, vertigo when turning around, and a sensation 
of a band about the head. It is also of service in rheumatic 
and gouty pains. 



PRUNUS SPINOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosacese. Common Name, 
Blackthorn. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the fresh flower-buds; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in ciliary neuralgia, irido- 
choroiditis and irido-cyclitis. There are severe pains in the 
eyeball, especially the right, with shooting pains from the eye 
to the occiput. It is also of service in neuralgic dysuria when 
there is desire to urinate that is imperative. The urine ap- 
pears to pass to the glands and is then returned causing severe 
pain. 

Compare. — Laurocerasus, Prunus padus. 



424 Blackwood's materia medica. 



PSORINTJM. 

Description. — The nosode of Psora, the product of "Psora 
sicca. ' ' The sero-purulent matter of a scabies vesicle. Prep 
arations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage.— Dilution 
from the 30th to the 200th, at infrequent intervals. 

THERAPEUTICS. 



• 



This remedy is indicated where there are evidences of an 
underlying dyscrasia and in chronic cases where the well 
selected remedies fail to relieve, or its action is of but short 
duration. It assists in the lack of reaction that follows acute 
disease, also great weakness and debility, from loss of animal 
fluids. There may not be any organic lesion or apparent cause. 

It is of service when the perspiration, diarrhoea, leucor- 
rhcea, menses and exhalations from the body are offensive and 
have a catarrh-like odor. The patients are so extremely sen- 
sitive to cold air or changes of weather that they wear heavy 
clothing in hot weather. It is useful in headache when the pa- 
tient feels unusually well the day before attacks. The head- 
ache is preceded by flickering before the eyes, and dimness of 
vision. He is hungry during the headache and is relieved 
while eating. 

It should be remembered in eczema and scaly and moist 
eruption of the scalp. There is great fetor and offensive dis- 
charge from the parts. It is also useful in acne when the 
selected remedies fail to act. 

Compare. — Sulphur, 



PTELEA TRIFOLIATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rutacese. Common Name, 
Wafer ash. Habitat, North America. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh root-bark; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the liver, 
stomach and lungs. 



PULSATILLA NIGRICANS. 425 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diseases of the liver; there is 
aching pain from the forehead to the root of the nose. The 
tongue is coated yellow, or brownish-yellow. There is an 
atonic state of the stoma*ch, and a sensation of weight and ful- 
ness, with eructations, nausea, and vomiting. The parts are 
sensitive to pressure. There is relief from lying upon the right 
side, and aggravation from lying upon the left side. 

Compare. — Mercurius, Chelidonium majus, Nux vomica. 

PULEX IRRITANS. 

Description. — The common flea. An insect of the Family 
Pulicidae. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the insect; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions, 6th and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed when there is frequent desire to 
urinate. The urine is foul. It is also of service in delayed 
menstruation, with burning in the vagina and an increased 
flow of saliva during the menses. Between the periods there 
is a profuse leucorrhosa and backache. 



PULSATILLA NIGRICANS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculacese. Common 
Name, Pulsatilla. Habitat, Europe and Asia. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, I to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diuretic, diaphor- 
etic and emmenagogue. When the oil is applied to the skin 
it is an active irritant, producing a tingling and burning sensal 
tion, with vesicles and pustules to the part to which it is ap- 
plied. The application of the bruised root has been known to 
produce gangrene. When taken internally it produces ting- 
ling and burning of the tongue, which is soon followed by 
numbness. Toxic doses produce nausea and vomiting with a 
28 



426 Blackwood's materia medica. 

slimy diarrhoea and bloody urine. The mucous and synovial 
membranes are inflamed. The myocardium is weakened and 
there is oedema of the lungs and hyperemia of the cerebra- 
and spinal membranes. 

THERAPEUTICS* 

This remedy is indicated in those who are indecisive and 
slow. They have light hair and pale eyes, and are easily 
moved to tears or laughter. They cry while outlining their 
case. They are mild, gentle and timid. Their condition is 
always changing, no two attacks alike. They are seldom 
thirsty. There is relief from motion and in the open air and 
aggravation after eating, during rest, in the evening and while 
in a close warm room. All the discharges are bland and yel- 
low or greenish. There is sluggish circulation and the patient 
is constantly chilly. The pains are accompanied by chilliness 
and are constantly changing their position, flying from one 
part to another, at one moment they are intense, the next they 
are mild. 

It is of service in headache. This is chiefly in the forehead 
or supraorbital region and in the temples. The pain is heavy 
and bursting and throbbing in character. It is often from 
over-eating. There is a bad taste in the mouth. It is aggra- 
vated by mental exertion, stooping, during the evening while 
in a close room. It is useful in gastric derangements, the re- 
sult of rich fat foods or ice cream. There is sour, bitter vom- 
iting and eructation, also in dyspepsia when there is a sensa- 
tion as though one had eaten too much. The food rises into 
the mouth. The digestion is slow. There is a sensation as of 
a stone in the epigastrium. The patient is chilly, has no 
thirst, but has a constant feeling of nausea. The tongue is 
coated white. At times the indigestion gives way to neuralgia 
of the stomach with flatulency, that moves from one point to 
another. 

It is needed in diarrhoea which is worse at night. The 
stools consist of mucus or mucus and blood, no two stools are 
alike. They are green, bilious, watery, and are brought on 
by eating rich foods, fats, fruits or ice cream. 



PULSATILLA NIGRICANS. 427 

It is the first remedy in orchitis when the testicles and 
spermatic cord are greatly swollen and extremely painful to 
the touch, caused by cold, but especially from suppressed 
gonorrhoea. 

It should be remembered in delayed and scanty menstrua- 
tion. The patient is constantly chilly. There is bearing 
down pressure in the abdomen and sacral region, with faint- 
ness at the stomach; she is worse in a warm room and better in 
the open air. In dysmenorrhcea when the pains are violent 
and cause her to toss in all directions. The blood is thick and 
black or pale and watery, she feels better in cool air. Also 
amenorrhcea in those who are pale, anaemic and chilly, of a 
tearful, yielding disposition and in labor when there are suffo- 
cating spells, must have the windows open. It is said to regu- 
late the position of the child in utero by its action upon the 
uterine tissue and contraction. 

It frequently relieves a thick, white albuminous leucor- 
rhcea in young, tearful females. 

It is our first remedy in sub-acute bronchitis when the 
cough is loose and there is a copious expectoration of a muco- 
purulent character during the day, but it is tight at night. 
The patient is anaemic, has nocturnal paroxysms of dyspnoea, 
and is worse in a close, warm room. 

It is often indicated in phlebitis following aconite, when 
the limbs are pale, white in color and swollen, the veins are 
hard and knotty and intensely painful to the touch, while 
motion is impossible, also in varicose veins when they are ten- 
der and painful. 

It is useful in rheumatism when the pains shift rapidly 
from one part to another. There is but little swelling or red- 
ness. The part is cold and the function of the part is im- 
paired. 

It is of use in catarrhal inflammation of the eyes and mu- 
cous surfaces when the discharge is profuse and bloody, and 
becomes purulent early and the general characteristics of the 
remedy are present. 

Compare. — Antimonium crudum, Caulophyllum, Chamo- 
milla, Cyclamen, Hamamelis, Rhus toxicodendron. 



428 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



PULSATILLA NUTTALLIANA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
Name, American Pulsatilla. Preparations. — Mother tinc- 
ture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tinc- 
ture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

The qualities of this remedy are similar to the foreign 
variety. 



PYROGENIUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Sepsin. A product of the 
decomposition of chopped lean beef in water; it is allowed to 
stand in the sun for two or three weeks. Preparations. — 
Dilutions made direct from the sepsin. Dosage. — Dilutions, 
from the 6th up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in typhoid and septic conditions 
of all forms, as is observed in septicemia, ptomaine and severe 
gas poisoning when the well selected remedy fails to relieve. 
The patient is restless and must move constantly to relieve the 
soreness of the parts. 

It is indicated in cases of diarrhoea when the .stools are 
very offensive, and of a brown or black color. They are pain- 
less and frequently involuntary. 

It should be studied in septic conditions following abor- 
tions and confinements, when the lochia is thin, acrid, and 
very foetid, or suppressed. The pulse is rapid. Remember it 
in those cases that have not reacted since an attack of septic 
fever. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Acidum carbolicum, 
Secale comutum, Rhus toxicodendron, Echinacea angusti- 
folia. 



OUItLAIA SAPONARIA, 429 



QUASSIA AMARA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Simarubacese. Common 
Name, Bitter wood. Habitat, Surinam. Preparations.— 
Homceo. , Mother tincture of the dried wood; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Quassia (the Quassia excelsa is used). Dosage. — 
Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in atonic dyspepsia when there is 
excessive fermentation and acidity, with gastralgia and re- 
gurgitation of the food. The patient is greatly prostrated, 
yawns and stretches, and complains of a sensation of coldness 
internally over the back. 

It has been employed hypodermatically to prevent cholera. 

Compare. — Car bo vegetabilis, Gentian, Hydrastis Cana- 
densis. 



QTJERCUS G-LANDIUM SPIRITUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cupuliferae. Synonyms, 
Spiritus Glandium Quercus, English oak. Habitat, Europe. 
Preparations. — Spirit distilled from the tincture of the 
acorns. Dosage. — Of the Spiritus, 5 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed in chronic affections of the spleen, 
splenic dropsy, and as an antidote to the effects of alcohol. 
Compare. — Ceanothus, Natrum muriaticum. 



QUILLAIA SAPONARIA. 

Description , — Natural Order, Rosacese. Common 
Name, Soapbark. Habitat, South America. Preparations. 
— Homceo., Mother tincture of the dry bark; and dilutions. 
U. S. P. , Quillaia. Tinctura Quillaise. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 



430 BLACKWOOD'S materia medica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in acute nasal catarrhs with sneez- 
ing and sore throat. It should be employed at the beginning 
of the attack, when it frequently checks it. 

Compare. — Gelsemium, Allium cepa, Kali hydroiodicum. 

RANUNCULUS BULBOSUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
Names, Crowfoot, Buttercup. Habitat, Kurope. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of whole fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, \-i drop well diluted. 

Physiological Action. — This agent, when applied locally, 
is a powerful rubefacient and episgastic; internally it acts upon 
the muscular and fibrinous tissue producing a condition simu- 
lating pleurisy and intercostal rheumatism. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of pleurodynia where 
there are burning, stitching pains in the chest, with short and 
oppressed breathing. The pains come in paroxysms, and are 
excited by atmospheric changes. 

It is of service in pleurisy that is dependent upon a sudden 
exposure to cold while overheated. 

It should be remembered in cases of herpes zoster that are 
preceded or followed by intercostal neuralgia; there is burning 
of the vesicles which may present a bluish or black appearance. 

It also has a reputation of relieving the bad effects of alco- 
holic beverages, spasmodic hiccough, and delirium tremens in 
which it calms the maniacal attacks. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Asclepias tuberosa. 

RANUNCULUS SCELERATUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Common 
Name, Celery-leaved crowfoot. Habitat, Europe, Asia and 
the United States. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the 



RHEUM. 431 

fresh herb; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 2 
drops well diluted. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in skin diseases that are character- 
ized by vesicular eruptions with an acrid exudation that renders 
the surrounding parts sore. 

It is of service in gastric and hepatic disturbances. There 
is pain over the liver, a feeling as though diarrhoea would come 
on and the tongue is mapped. 

Compare. — Taraxacum, Rhus toxicodendron , Arsenicum 
album. 

RAPHANUS SATIVUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cruciferae. Common 
Name, Black garden radish. Preparations. — Mother tinc- 
ture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tinc- 
ture, 2 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea when the stools are 
yellow or brown, frothy and profuse. It is attended with tym- 
panitic distension of the abdomen, but there is no flatus passed 
either up or down. 

It is of service in seborrhoea when the skin is greasy; also 
in pemphigus, without inflammation or pain. 

Compare. — Anacardium, Carbo vegetabilis. 

RHEUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Polygonaceae. Common 
Name, Rhubarb. Habitat, China, Thibet and India. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the dried root; and 
dilutions. U. S. P., Rheum, Extractum Rhei, Fluidextractum 
Rhei, Tinctura Rhei. Dosage. — Of the extract, gr. j-x; of 
the fluidextract, 1TI x-gj; of Tinctura Rhei, 3J-iv; of the 
mother tincture ( r ^) , 1 to 30 drops. 



432 Blackwood's materia mediCA. 

Physiological Action. — This agent increases the secre* 
tion of the bile and stimulates intestinal peristalsis. 



i 



THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the diarrhoea of infants an 
teething children, when the stools are pasty and smell sou 
There is straining and tenesmus before the stools, and colicky, 
cutting pains after. The body smells sour all the time. The 
child desires various things, but does not eat them. 

Compare. — Chamomilla, Sulphur, Ipecacuanha. 

RHODODENDRON. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ericaceae. Common 
Name, Rosebay. Habitat, Siberia. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the dried leaves; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, \ to I drop. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the rheumatism and gout of 
nervous individuals who dread the approach of a storm and are 
afraid of thunder. There are drawing, tearing, rheumatic 
pains in the limbs which are worse at rest and before a storm, 
but are relieved when the storm has broken. 

It is also useful in gouty conditions when these symptoms 
are present. 

It is of service in orchitis and epididymitis due to gonor- 
rhoea and rheumatism when there is a sensation as though the 
testicles were being crushed. 

Compare. — Dulcamara, Rhus toxicodendron, Natrum 
sulphuricum. 

RHUS AROMATICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Anacardiacese. Common 
Name, Fragrant sumach. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh bark of the root; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 60 drops. 



RHUS TOXICODENDRON, 433 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in urinary incontinence, both in 
children and the aged, in dribbling of the urine, and nocturnal 
enuresis. It has been employed in interstitial nephritis and 
diabetes insipidus, when the quantity of urine is increased and 
the specific gravity is low. 

It is of service in passive hemorrhages, haematuria, uterine, 
pulmonary, and bronchial haemorrhage. It has also been em- 
ployed in purpura haemorrhagica. 

Compare. — Acidum phosphoric um, Acidum aceticuni. 

RHUS GLABRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Anacardiaceae. Common 
Name, Common sumach. Habitat', North America. Prep- 
arations. — Homoso., Mother tincture of the fresh bark; and 
dilutions. U. S. P., Rhus Glabra, Fluidextractum Rhus 
Glabrae. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 30 drops; 
of the fluidextract (made from the fruit), 3j~ij- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in relaxed and ulcerated condi- 
tions of the mucous surfaces, in aphthous, and gangrenous 
stomatitis, and stomatitis matemi with haemorrhages. It 
should be employed both locally and internally. 

It has been employed in occipital headache and epistaxis. 

Compare. — Veronica. 

RHUS TOXICODENDRON. 

Description. — Natural Order, Anacardiaceae. Common 
Name, Poison ivy. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the mother tincture, \ to 1 drop in water. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
is an irritant, and causes itching and vesicular eruption of the 
skin. This may extend to the mucous surfaces and cause red- 
ness and tumefaction of these surfaces. When taken inter- 



434 Blackwood's materia medica. 

nally there are colicky pains in the abdomen which are worse 
at night. These are accompanied by diarrhoea with tenesmus, 
and bloody stools and urine, and fever, which is often typhoid 
or intermittent in character. There are pains of a rheumatoid 
type in the joints and lumbar region which are intensified by 
rest and heat. The fibrous tissue is the seat of the most of its 
action. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those of a rheumatic diathesis 
who suffer from the effects of having been wet while over- 
heated. There is great restlessness, anxiety and apprehen- 
sion. The patient cannot remain in a quiet position, must 
change to obtain relief from the pains which are as if the parts 
had been sprained, or as if the muscle or tendon had been torn 
from its attachment. The ailments are apt to be the result of 
straining a muscle or part, overlifting or from lying upon the 
damp ground. The symptoms are worse after midnight, dur- 
ing wet weather, and while at rest. 

It is of service in typhoid fevers when the delirium is of a 
mild type. He desires to escape. There is great restlessness 
with a momentary relief from motion. The tongue is brown, 
dry, cracked or red, with a triangular, red tip. The abdomen 
is tympanic, and the diarrhoea is involuntary, brown and ca- 
daverous. There is a frontal headache, with pains in the 
limbs. In intermittent fever it is of service when in connec- 
tion with the general symptoms there is a dry, teasing cough 
during the chill, and hydroa upon the lips. 

It is useful in lumbago when the pain is worse on attempt- 
ing to rise. There are rheumatic pains in the back and stiff 
neck from sitting in a draft. There is relief from action. 

It should be remembered in vesicular erysipelas when the 
skin looks dark red, and is covered with vesicles; and in skin 
diseases where there is a vesicular eruption with oedema, burn- 
ing and itching, and in which any cool draft aggravates the 
condition. 

It is beneficial in scarlet fever when the child is drowsy 
and restless. The tongue is smooth and red. The fauces are 



RICINUS COMMUNIS. 435 

oedematous and the glands "are enlarged. The eruption is 
miliary in character and does not develop properly; also in 
cellular inflammation where there is the formation of pus, 
and severe pains. The parts are dark red, and there is extreme 
prostration. 

It is indicated in conjunctivitis and iritis of traumatic or 
rheumatic origin. The pain is worse at night. It is also of 
service in scrofulous ophthalmia and orbital cellulitis when 
there are oedematous swelling, and acrid discharges. It often 
affords relief in parotitis, and in cardiac hypertrophy, the re- 
sult of over-exertion, when there is a sense of numbness of the 
left arm. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Aconitum napellus, Kalmia 
latifolia, Apis mellifica. 

RHUS VENENATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Anacardiaceae. Common 
Name, Poison sumach. Habitat, North America. Prepar- 
ations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves and stems; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, )/% to i drop well di- 
luted. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in eczema, when the itching is in- 
tense, and is relieved by the application of hot water; in ery- 
sipelas when the skin is dark red; and in erythema nodosum 
with nightly itching and pain in the long bones. 

RICINUS COMMUNIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, KuphorbiaceEe. Common 
Name, Castor oil plant. Habitat, East- India. The Oleum 
Ricini (U. S. P.) — Castor oil — is expressed from the seed. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the ripe seeds; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the oil for an adult, as an enema, i to 
i% fluid ounces, 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as a cathartic. 



436 Blackwood's mai^ria medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is employed as a galactagogue when the flow 
of milk is scanty or suppressed. 

It is also of service in diarrhoea when the stools are loose, 
incessant and painless. The anus is inflamed and the stools 
are green, slimy, and are frequently attended with cramps in 
the muscles of the extremities. 

Compare. — Urtica urens, Agnus castas, Resorcin. 



ROBINIA PSEUD ACACIA. 






Description. — Natural Order, I^eguminosse. Common 
Name, Locust tree. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of fresh bark and young twigs; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts upon the 
stomach producing a hyperacidity of the gastric juice, large 
doses acting as an emetic and purgative. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hyperchlorhydria when there is 
an excessive acidity of the stomach with constant eructation 
and vomiting of a sour fluid that sets the teeth upon edge. 
There is pain and distress in the gastric region which is worse 
while the stomach is empty, but is relieved by taking food. 
Accompanying these gastric symptoms the patient is low spir- 
ited and irritable, and there is a dull headache which is made 
worse from motion. 

Compare. — Acidum stdphuricum. 

ROSA DAMASCENA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosacese. Common Name, 
Damask rose. Habitat, cultivated in all countries. The Ger- 
man oil of rose is made from this species. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh petals; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 



RUMEX CRISP US. 437 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated during the early stages of hay- 
fever. The Eustachian tubes are closed, there is hardness of 
hearing and tinnitus aurium. 

Compare. — Sabadilla, Ambrosia artemisifolia. 



RUBUS VILLOSUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosaceae. Common 
Name, Blackberry. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Homoso., Mother tincture of the bark of the root; and dilu- 
tions. cV. S. P. , Rubus, Fluidextractum Rubi. Dosage. — 
Of the mother tincture, i to 30 drops; of the nuidextracj:, Vf[ 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in the diarrhoeas of infanc}'. The 
patient is pale and feeble. The stools are watery and clay 
colored. 



RUMEX ACETOSELLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Polygonaceae. Common 
Name, Field or sheep sorrel. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in g astro -enteritis. The features 
are collapsed and there is nausea and vomiting of a thin, green 
material with violent pains and lumps in the bowels. 

RUMEX ORISPUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Polygonaceae. Common 
Name, Yellow dock. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 



438 Blackwood's materia medica. 

U. S. P., Rumex, Fluidextractum Rumicis. Dosage. — Of the 
fluidextract, Til xv_ 33- 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces an irritation 
of the mucous membrane of the trachea and a catarrhal condi- 
tion of the bowels. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those of a tubercular diathesis 
who are extremely sensitive to the open air. 

It is of service in laryngo -tracheal irritation and catarrh. 
There is an incessant tickling in the throat-pit, which causes a 
dry, teasing, fatiguing cough. This is worse during the even- 
ing, upon a changing of air, after lying down, pressing the 
throat-pit, and from inhaling cool air. The urine often passes 
involuntarily during coughing. 

It is useful in an early morning diarrhcea. The stool is of 
a brown color, is profuse, painless and offensive, and is at 
times attended with a cough and may accompany pulmonary 
tuberculosis. 

It should be remembered in urticaria , contagious prurigo, 
and when there is intense itching of the skin. This is worse 
from exposure to the cold air. 

Compare. — Sulphur, Belladonna, Causticum. 

RUTA G-RAVEOLENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rutaceae. Common 
Name, Rue. Habitat, southern Europe. Preparations — 
Mother tincture of the fresh herb; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces pain in the 
limbs and eyes that simulate rheumatism. It is an emmena- 
gogue and an abortifacient 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of bruises and other me- 
chanical injuries of the bones and periosteum; also after a fall 



SABAI, SERRUI.ATA. 439 

or blow, when there is a bruised, lame sensation, especially of 
the wrists and ankles. 

It is of service in asthenopia and amblyopia , the result of 
overuse of the eyes, from fine sewing, or reading with a bad 
light. The eyes burn, ache, feel strained, hot like a ball of 
fire. It is also of service when the symptoms arise as the re- 
sult of faulty refraction. 

Compare. — Phytolacca, Rhus toxicodendron, Arnica 
montana. 



SABADILLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyiliaceae. Common Name, 
Cevadilla. Habitat, Mexico, West • Indies and Venezuela. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the seeds; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hay-fever and influenza when 
there is violent, spasmodic sneezing and lachrymation upon 
going into the open air. There is a burning, watery discharge 
from the eyes and nose, the throat and tonsils are swollen. 

It is useful for worms', ascarides and lumbricaria; when 
nervous affections, as twitching, convulsions, and trembling 
result from these conditions. 

It is of service in delirium, she believes she is pregnant or 
that there is some incurable disease. 

It is to be remembered in headache that results from too 
much thinking or close application. 

Compare. — Colchicum, Colocynthis. 



SABAL SERRULATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Palmaceae. Synonyms, 
Serenoa, Saw Palmetto. Habitat, South Carolina to Florida. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh ripe fruit; and 
dilutions. Dosage, — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 



44° BIvACKWOOD'S materia mkdica. 



Physiological Action. — This agent is a tonic which im- 
proves the digestion, and as a result there is an increase o: 
strength, weight and flesh. It has a most favorable influence 
upon the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and repro- 
ductive organs. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of subacute and chronic 
prostatitis. The gland is enlarged and there is a throbbing, 
aching, dull pain confined to the prostatic region, with painful 
and difficult urination. There is frequently a mucus or yel- 
low, watery discharge from the urethra and a marked weaken- 
ing of the sexual powers; at times there is orchialgia, orchitis 
or epididymitis. 

The testicles may be wasted with loss of sexual power, or 
coitus is very painful at the time of the emission. 

It is of service in restoring the size and secreting powers of 
the mammary glands. In cases of uterine and ovarian atrophy 
attended with dysmenorrhcea. It is of the greatest service in 
restoring the organs and re-establishing menstruation. 

In the impotency of young men who have practiced mastur- 
bation or whose sexual indulgence has been excessive, its 
action is most positive. It is also reliable in cases of sexual 
neurasthenia, with sexual perversion and nerve exhaustion. 

In catarrh of the respiratory tract it is of the greatest use, 
especially if associated with malnutrition and emaciation. 

Compare. — Phosphorus. 

SABBATIA ANGULARIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Gentianese. Common 
Name, American Centaury. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh herb; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in autumnal, periodic fevers. In 
these cases it is employed both as a prophylactic and cure. 

It is also used in dyspepsia, as a remedy for wounds and to 
establish the menstrual flow. 



; 



SABINA. 441 



SABINA. 



Description. — Natural Order, Coniferse. Common 
Name, Savine. Habitat, Europe, Asia and North America. 
Preparations. — Homceo. , Mother tincture of the fresh stems 
and leaves; and dilutions. U. S. P., Sabina. Fluidextractum 
Sabinse. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 20 drops; 
of the fluidextract, TT|y-xv. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when applied locally 
produces rubefaction and vesication. Internally it acts as a 
stimulant to the digestive organs, accelerates the heart's ac- 
tion, and stimulates the cutaneous, bronchial and renal secre- 
tions. It produces hyperemia of the kidneys, ovaries, and 
uterus. In large doses it excites strangury, haematuria, severe 
vomiting and purging, and gastro-enteritis; the subject be- 
comes unconscious and convulsions and death result. It in- 
duces hypersemia of the uterus and ovaries; and contractions 
of the pregnant uterus that may result in abortion. It is 
eliminated by the lungs, skin and kidneys. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases of hemorrhages when 
the blood is partially fluid, and partially clotted; in cases of 
habitual abortion at the third month; and in cases of arthritic 
affections and gout. 

The haemorrhages may appear from any orifice but are most 
frequently uterine. The menses appear too early, are profuse, 
and protracted, they are partially fluid and partially clots. 
The clinical history of many of these shows that they began 
menstruating early in life; they are often paroxysmal, and at- 
tended with colic and pain that extends from the sacrum to 
the pubes, or from below upwards, shooting up into the vagina. 
There is frequently a discharge of blood between the periods. 

It is useful in threatened abortion about the third month 

in those who have formed the habit of aborting, when the pain 

extends from the sacrum around to the pubes. The blood is 

partially fluid and partially clotted. Also in ailments follow- 

29 



442 BLACKWOOD '$ MATERIA MEDICA. 

ing abortion, or premature labor, when the flow is partly fluid, 
partly clotted, and is worse from any motion, and the charac- 
teristic pains are present. The placenta may be retained and 
there are violent after pains. In cases of menorrhagia at the 
climacteric period, in women who earlier in life aborted, 
whose menses appeared early, and who suffer from metritis. 

It should be remembered in arthritic affections and gout 
in women who suffer from uterine and ovarian derange- 
ments. The rectum is affected, and there is a sense of fulness, 
the bowels are constipated, and hemorrhoids are present, and 
bleed profusely. The bladder and urethra show congestion 
and inflammation. There is much urging to urinate, the 
urine containing blood. 

The patient is aggravated by music which makes her nerv- 
ous, she is also made worse from the least motion, from heat, 
and warm air, and is better in the cool frosty air. 

Compare. — Trillium , Ipecacuanha. 



SACCHARTJM OFFICINARUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Gramineae. Common 
Name, Cane sugar. Habitat, southern Asia. Preparations. 
— Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 6x to 



THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service when the child is fat, bloated and 
is cross, whining, and wants nick-nacks but no solid food. 
There are opacities of the cornea. 



SALIX ALBA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Salicaceae. Common 
Name, Willow. Habitat, Europe. Preparations.— Mother 
tincture of the fresh bark; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, I to 60 drops. 



Salvia officinalis. 443 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is employed in intermittent fever , when there 
is weakness of the digestive organs, passive haemorrhages and 
convalescence is slow. 



SALIX NIGRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Salicaceae. Common 
Name, Black willow. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh bark; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has a positive action upon the male and fe- 
male sexual organs, allaying sexual excitement dependent 
upon a plethoric condition of the genital organs. There is 
pronounced sexual excitement, satyriasis, erotomania and 
spermatorrhoea dependent upon the above mentioned condi- 
tions. It allays the erotic conditions during acute gonor- 
rhoea. In cases of chordee with great irritation, a dose on re- 
tiring and possibly one towards morning is of great service, as 
well as in cases of cystitis, prostatitis and nocturnal emissions, 
when this neurotic condition is present. 

In the female there is nymphomania dependent upon a 
local irritation, ovarian irritation, congestion and neuralgia 
when it is accompanied by hysteria and erotomania. 

It is useful in hysteria with marked excitability, nervous- 
ness and globus hystericus. 

Compare. — Cantharis. 

SALVIA OFFICINALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Labiatae. Common Name, 
Sage. Habitat, southern Europe. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. U. S. P. , 
Salvia. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant tonic, 
astringent and diaphoretic. 



444 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

THKRAPKUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in the tickling, suffocating cough 
and night sweats of pulmonary tuberculosis. 
It is useful in galactorrhcea. 

SAMBUOUS NIGRA. 

Description.— Natural Order, Caprifoliaceae. Common 
Name, European elder. Habitat, Europe, Africa and Siberia. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves and 
flowers; and dilutions. Dosage.— Of the tincture, i to 30 
drops. 

THKRAPKUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal affections of the air 
passages with suffocative attacks. There is much mucus in 
the bronchi, while expectoration is difficult. 

It is of service in spasmodic cough, with paroxysms that 
come on about midnight, with dyspnoea; also snuffles of in- 
fants. The nose is dry and obstructed. There are profuse and 
debilitating sweats. 

A strong infusion is employed to remove dropsical effusion. 

Compare. — Mephitis, Ipecacuanha. 

SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS. 

Description.— Natural Order, Papaveraceae. Common^ 
Name, Bloodroot. Habitat, North America. It contains the 
alkaloid Sanguinarine. Preparations.— Homoso. , Mother 
tincture of the fresh rhizome; and dilutions. U. S. P., Fluid 
extractum Sanguinarine , Tinctura Sanguinarise. Dosage.— 
Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops; of the fluidextract, fla 
x-lx; of Sanguinarine, gr. j^-J. 

Physiological Action.— This agent produces an irrita- 
tion of the mucous membranes, increases the secretion, and 
causes a sensation of heat and burning. The respirations are 
slowed. It stimulates the secretions of the stomach. The; 
heart action is at first stimulated and then depressed. 



r 



SANGUIXARIX^E XITRAS. 445 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is especially indicated in diseases of the right 
side of the body. The patient is irritable, morose, and cannot 
bear to hear any one walk in the room. 

It is useful in periodical sick headaches, which begin in the 
occiput and spread upward and settle over the right eye. It 
usually returns every third or seventh day. It begins in the 
morning, increases during the day, and lasts till evening. The 
head feels as if it would burst, or as if the eyes would press 
:out: it is relieved by being in a dark, quiet room, by vomiting 
and by sleep. 

It is of service in congestion of the lungs, pneumonia and 
phthisis florida. The face is flushed and one or both cheeks 
are flushed. The cough is dry and hacking, the expectoration 
is difficult and rust colored. 

There is burning in the chest and a sensation of dryness in 
the air passages, with sharp, stinging pains through the right 
Lung. 

It is also of service in whooping-cough that returns when- 
ever the patient takes cold. It should be remembered in nasal 
catarrh, and fluent coryza, when the slightest odor aggravates 
md causes the patient to faint. There is burning and rawness 
ji the nose, also in nasal polypi which bleed easily. 

It is beneficial at the climacteric period when there are 
hashes of heat, flatulent distension of the stomach, with foetid, 
offensive leucorrhcea: the menses are profuse and offensive, 
rhere is palpitation of the heart. The breasts are sore and 
,:here is burning of the hands and feet. 

It relieves rheumatic pains of the right deltoid, also sharp, 
stitching pains with soreness and stiffness of the muscles. 

Compare. — Iris versicolor \ Belladonna, Lachesis, Ferrum. 

SANGUINARIN^J NITRAS. 

Description. — Common Xame, Sanguinarine nitrate. The 
litrate of the alkaloid obtained from Sanguiiiaria Canadensis 
Preparations.— Triturations, ix to 6x. Dosage. — Of the 
We drug, gr. \-\. 



446 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in nasal polypus, and in chronic 
nasal catarrh. The nostrils are dry and burning, or are rilled 
with a thick, 3^ellow, bloody mucus. 

It is useful in bronchitis, with hoarseness and a dry, hack- 
ing cough. The expectoration consists of a thick, yellow, sweet 
mucus. There is a sensation of pressure behind the centre of 
the sternum. 

It should be remembered in megrim. The pain is severe 
on the left side of the head and through the left temple. 

Compare. — Tellurium, Pulsatilla. 

SANICULA. 

Description. — Sanicula aqua. A mineral spring water of 
Ottawa, 111. This should not be confounded with Sanicula 
Marjdandica (Sanicle, or Blacksnake-root). Preparations. 
— Triturations of the evaporated salt; and dilutions of the 
spring water. Dosage. — Trituration 6x, and higher in dilu- 
tions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in nocturnal enuresis, sea- 
sickness and constipation. 

There is nausea and vomiting from riding in a car. The 
stools are large and painful, as though they would rupture the 
perineum. 

Compare. — Alumen, Calcarea carbonica, Cocculus Indica. 

SANTONINTJM. 

Description. — Common Name, Santonin. A neutral 
principle prepared from Santonica (the unexpanded flowei 
heads of Artemisia maritima). It comes in colorless, shining 
flattened crystals. Preparations. — Homoeo., Triturations 
and dilutions. U. S. P. , Santoninum. Dosage. — Of the 
pure drug, gr. ij-v for an adult; for a child, gr. %-], not to be 
repeated too soon, as it acts slowly. 



SARRACKNIA PURPUREA. 447 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an anthel- 
mintic to the round worm, and to a less degree on the thread 
worm. It has no action upon tape worm. It affects the cere- 
bral circulation and vision, so that objects appear at first blue, 
then green or red, and at last they are yellow. This may be 
followed by a temporary blindness. L,arger doses produce a 
form of intoxication, with weakness, feeble respiration, cold- 
ness of the surface, convulsions and death. 

It is excreted by the kidne3^s, coloring the urine greenish- 
yellow if it is acid, and reddish-purple if it is alkaline. 

It should never be given in physiological doses to a child 
while suffering from fever, or while the bowels are consti- 
pated. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in enuresis and dysuria. The 
urine is of a greenish color. This condition is frequently as- 
sociated with worms, and yet it controls some cases where 
there are no indications of worms. 

It should be remembered in color blindness, rhinitis, 
choroiditis, atrophy of the optic nerve, amblyopia, and 
anesthesia of the retina; also for the hypersemia and hyper- 
sesthetic condition resulting from continued fine work. 

Its action as an anthelmintic is fully established and is con- 
sidered under the physiological action. 

Compare. — Cina, Teucrium marum, Natrum phosphori- 
cuni, Spigelia. 

SARRACENIA PURPUREA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Sarraceniaceae. Common 
Name, Pitcher plant. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in variola; it aborts the disease 
and prevents pustulation. The head is congested. The limbs 
are weak and there are pains in the knees and hips. 

Compare. — Tartar emetic, Variolinum. 



44^ BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



SARSAPARILLA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Smilacese. Common 
Name, Sarsaparilla. Habitat, Mexico and South America. 
Preparations. — Homoeo. , Mother tincture of the dried root 
of the Honduras variety; and dilutions. U. S. P., Sarsaparilla, 
Fluidextractum Sarsaparillae. Dosage. — Average dose of the 
fluidextract, TTL xxx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in renal colic and vesicle calculi, 
when there is a shower of small light colored calculi, and most 
excruciating pain at the close of urination. There is dribbling 
of the urine at times, and the bladder is distended and tender. 

It is useful in marasmus; the neck is greatly emaciated and 
the skin all over the body lies in folds. 

It is useful in periosteal pain due to syphilis and gonor- 
rhoea. 
Compare. — Berberis vulgaris, Lycopodium, Petroselinum. 



SOAMMONIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Convulvulaceae. Common 
Name, Scamony. Habitat, Turkey, Syria, Greece, etc. 
Preparations. — Homoeo., Triturations of the dried milky 
juice of the root. U.S. P., Scamonium, Resina Scamonii. 
Dosage. — Of the powdered Scamony, gr. iij-xij; of the pure 
resin, half this quantity. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is a drastic cathartic. It is employed where 
there is sudden vomiting and diarrhoea. The stools are pro- 
fuse, green, and are followed by collapse, and distension of the 
abdomen, which is sensitive. 



SCROPHUI,ARIA NODOSA. 449 



SCILLA MARITIMA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Liliaceae. Common Names, 
Squill, Sea onion. Habitat, Mediterranean coast, also Portu- 
gal and France. Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother tincture 
of the fresh bulbs; and dilutions. U. S. P., Scilla Acetum 
Scillae. Fluidextractum Scillse. Tinctura Scillse. Dos- 
age. — Of the fluidextract, TT|j-v; of the tincture (10 per 
cent.), Tl\v-xx; of the vinegar (10 per cent.), Tltx-^j. 

Physiological Action. — This agent in large doses acts as 
an emetic, and purgative, and may cause severe and fatal gas- 
troenteritis. It acts upon the kidneys, causing a diminished 
flow of urine which may contain blood; the urine may be sup- 
pressed. It contains two heart poisons, one scillipierin and 
the other scillitoxin, the latter slowing the heart and raising 
the arterial tension. In smaller doses it acts upon the mucous 
membrane of the respiratory tract and may establish an inflam- 
matory state. It is eliminated by the bowels, kidneys and 
bronchial mucous membrane. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of bronchial catarrh with 
a scanty, tenacious sputum. The cough is dry, harsh and 
irritating, although there appears to be much mucus in the 
chest. When he coughs there is an involuntary escape of 
urine. There are sharp stitching pains in the side with dysp- 
noea. The cough is precipitated by taking a deep breath or a 
cold drink and is often followed by sneezing. It is of service 
in sub-acute and chronic pleurisy when the sticking pains are 
present. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Kali carbonicum. 

SCROPHTJLARIA NODOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Scrophulariaceye. Com- 
mon Name, Figwort. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 



450 BIvACKWOOD'S materia medica. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in diseases of the skin, eczema, 
crusta lactea, eruptions of a vesicular character, pruritus 
vaginae, herpetic ulceration and scrofulous swelling, when 
there is a tendency to ulceration following the slightest con-' 
tusion and indications of perverted nutrition. 

Compare. — Echinacea angustifolia. 



SCUTELLARIA LATBRIFOLIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Labiatae. Common Name, 
Scullcap. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — Homceo., 
Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. U. S. P. , 
Scutellaria, Fluidextractum Scutellariae. Dosage. — Of the 
fluidextract, i to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is a nervous fear that 
predominates everything. The patient fears some calamity. 

It is useful in migraine and dull frontal headaches. The 
face is flushed, the patient must move about, the pain is worse 
over the right eye. 

It should be remembered in chorea, irregular muscular 
twitching, and paralysis agitans; also in insomnia and night 
terrors of children and nervous palpitations of the heart. 

Compare. — Cypripedium. 

SECALB OORNUTUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fungi. Common Name, 
Krgot. A fungus growing on the seed-bud of rye and several 
other cereals. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh 
fungus; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 
to 30 drops. See also Krgotinum. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when introduced into 
the system at first causes a fall of the blood pressure due to 
the direct action of the agent upon the heart muscle. This is 



SECALE CORNUTUM. 451 

followed by a rise of the blood pressure as a result of its action 
upon the vasomotor centres, and the unstriped muscular fibres 
in the arterioles. It acts upon the parturient uterus as a stim- 
ulant to its contractions and increases their force and frequency 
till there is* tetanic contraction of the organ. It checks the 
blood supply of the non-parturient uterus. 

Toxic doses produce restlessness, anxiety, headache, ver- 
tigo, dilated pupils and tinnitus aurium. The heart's action is 
slowed, the pulse is weak, there is nausea and vomiting and a 
coldness of the surfaces. Chronic ergotism appears either in 
the convulsive or 'gangrenous form. In the former there is 
impaired vision, vertigo, numbness of the extremities and 
tonic contractions, attacks of dyspnoea and cramps of the ab- 
dominal muscles. The body is cold, hearing and smelling 
are impaired as well as vision; and death ma}' result from a 
chronic convulsion or exhaustion. In the gangrenous type 
there is numbness of the distal portion of the extremities, 
which is soon followed by vesication and a moist or dry gan- 
grene which destroys more or less of the extremities and may 
involve the nose and other portions of the body. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in thin, scrawny, cachectic women, 
who are melancholic and have a constant sensation of bearing 
down in the uterus, and who suffer from passive, hemor- 
rhages. They are always cold, and desire to uncover even 
during cholera, and they complain of a cold perspiration. 
They are worse from warmth. Their diseases have a tendency 
to putrescence and gangrene. 

It is of service in congestive headache, the pain extending 
from the back of the neck and occiput all over the head. 
There is agonizing distress, the face is pale and the extremi- 
ties are cold and livid. These headaches usually occur at the 
climacteric period in women, and in drunkards of both sexes; 
at times the head is draw T n back. 

It is useful in putrid, foetid diarrhoea. There are cramps. 
the skin is shriveled, and covered with a cold, clammy perspir- 
ation. In spite of the icy coldness the patient dislikes to be 



45 2 Blackwood's materia medica. 

covered. The stools are involuntary. The urine is suppressed 
and there is great tympanites and at times paralysis of the 
sphincter ani. 

It is of service in labor when the pains are ineffectual and 
prolonged, also in passive uterine haemorrhage, when the flow 
is dark and the patient is wrinkled, scrawny, cold and often 
unconscious. 

It is beneficial in gangrene when the skin is shriveled, dry, 
and brittle, there are black suppurating petechia, and there is 
relief from cold applications. It is also useful in locomotor 
ataxia. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Cinnamon, Colchicine. 

SELAGINELLA APUS. 

Description. —Natural Order, Selaginellaceae. Common 
Name, Creeping selaginella. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the entire_plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is considered an antidote for the poison of snakes 
and spiders. One half of a dram is macerated in an ounce of 
milk. This is drunk, and applied locally. 



SELENIUM. 

Description. — A rare non-metallic element. It is a red- 
dish-brown, translucent solid, having an imperfect metallic 
lustre. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. _ 

This remedy is indicated in prostatitis, and the sexual 
atony of middle-aged and old men when there is dribbling 
of the semen and prostatic fluid. There are lascivious fancies 
and loss of sexual power. 



SENECIO AUREUS. 453 

It is employed in the form of the Seleniate of Soda during 
the early stages in follicular and tubercular laryngitis. 
Compare. — Phosphorus, Agnus castas, Caladium. 



SEMPERVIVTJM TBCTORUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Crassulacese. Common 
Name, Houseleek. Habitat, Alps. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in herpes zoster and cancerous 
affections. It is applied locally to the bites of insects and 
stings of bees and poisonous wounds. 



SENECIO AUREUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Names, Ragwort, Life root. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diaphoretic, 
diuretic and tonic, with a particular action upon the reproduc- 
tive organs, especially of the female. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in atonic states of the reproductive 
organs, with derangement of their function. The uterus is 
enlarged. There is a uterine or cervical leucorrhcea which re- 
places the menses. The menses are retarded and scanty or 
suppressed, as a result of cold; again, they may be premature 
and profuse with backache. 

It is useful in catarrhal headache from suppressed secre- 
tions, also a cough and catarrhal inflammation from a sup- 
pressed secretion. The urine is scanty and high colored. It 
contains blood and mucus and there is an urging. When 



454 Blackwood's materia medica. 

these s3"mptotns are present it will be found to relieve 
nephritis, dropsy, and the irritable bladder of children. 

In derangement of the male genital organs it is indicated 
when there is an enlarged prostate, and a dragging sensation 
in the testicles. Urination is tardy or difficult. There is fre- 
quently nervousness with hysterical mood, sleeplessness, with 
vivid, unpleasant dreams. 

Compare . — Mite he I la , Cim icifuga . 

SENEGA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Polygalacese. Common 
Name, Seneca snakeroot. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the dried root; and 
dilutions. U. S. P. , Senega, Fluidextractum Senegae, Syrupus 
Senegse. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 20 drops; of 
the fluidextract, TTL x-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulating ex- 
pectorant, diuretic and diaphoretic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chronic bronchitis when sec- 
ondary, changes have resulted, and emphysema and bron- 
chiectasis are present. There is a great rattling of mucus in 
the bronchial tubes, which is accompanied by a loose, rattling 
cough, though there is but little expectoration, and that is 
tough. There is a sensation of burning in the chest, which is 
painful and sore. 

It is of service in muscular asthenopia, and opacities of the 
vitreous humor; objects look shaded, there is double vision. 
It is credited with promoting the absorption of fragments of 
the lens after operation for cataract. 

Compare. — Spongia tosta, Phosphorus. 

SENNA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Leguminosae. Common 
Name, Senna. Habitat, northern Africa. Preparations. — 
Homceo. , Mother tincture of the dried leaves; and dilutions. 



SEPIA. 455 

U. S. P., Senna, Fluidextractum Sennse, Syrupus Sennae. 
Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, 3 s s-§ss; of the syrup, 4 Cc. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an active cathartic, 
produces a copious yellow stool. It is a mild hepatic stimulant, 
and excites the menstrual flow. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in infantile colic when the abdo- 
men is distended with gas; also in diarrhoea when the stool is 
fluid and yellow, or greenish, and there is a " never-get-done- 
sensation." 

It is of service in oxaluria with an excess of urea, the 
specific gravity is increased and the patient is exhausted from 
the excessive waste. 

Compare. — Kali carbonic um. 



SEPIA. 

Description. — It is a brownish-black substance and is the 
dried liquid contained in the "ink bag" of the cuttle fish, 
Class, Mollusca; Family, Sepiadse; Order, Dibranchiata. 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Trit- 
urations, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces a general 
venous congestion. This is most marked in the portal system. 
It is attended with torpidity and depression that often termi- 
nates in complete exhaustion of the vital functions. This 
venous congestion involves the genito-urinary system, and the 
gastro-intestinal canal. The skin becomes earthy-yellow and 
cachectic, and eczema and herpes develop. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cases which are characterized 
by sluggishness. The patient has a sallow, doughy skin, is 
stupid, dull, thinks slowly and forgets. The intellect is dull, 
the face is often puffed, there are dark rings about the eyes, 
and a yellow saddle across the upper parts of the cheek and 



456 Blackwood's materia medica. 

nose. They suffer from liver troubles and are jaundiced 
at times. It is adapted to persons of dark hair, rigid fibre, but 
mild and of an easy disposition. Tall, slender women, with 
narrow pelves. The pains of Sepia are better from continued 
exercise and return while resting. 

She is particularly sensitive to cold air, " chills so easily; " 
lack of vital heat, especially in chronic diseases, nervous con- 
gestion. 

Indifferent even to one's occupation, to those whom she 
loves best, dreads to be alone, yet when in company she is 
spiteful, greedy, miserly. 

Yellowness of the face and conjunctiva, yellow spots on the 
chest, a ' * tell-tale face ' ' of uterine ailments. 

It is useful in diseases of women, especially those occurring 
during pregnancy, childbed and lactation, or diseases attended 
with sudden prostration and sinking, faintness, "the washer- 
woman's remedy," complaints brought on by, or aggravated 
by, laundry work. Sweat about the genitals, armpits, and 
back, hot flashes with headache in the morning, awakes feel- 
ing tired. The pains extend from other parts to the back, 
and are attended with shuddering. To relieve the backache 
she puts a book or some object in the back of the chair to 
lean against. 

It is of service in catarrhal conditions, the discharges are 
thick, yellow, green, from the eyes, or nose, and leucorrhcea 
(of little girls) , backache. 

Coldness of the vertex with headache. 

Hands hot, feet cold; as the feet become hot the hands be- 
come cold. 

Anxiety, with fear, flushes over face and head; about real 
or imaginary evils; toward evening. Great sadness and weep- 
ing, dread of being alone, of meeting friends; patient has 
uterine troubles. 

Indolent; does not want to do anything, either work or 
play; it is an exertion to think. 

It should be remembered in headache when there is a ter- 
rific shock; at menstrual period, with scanty flow; in delicate, 
sensitive, hysterical women; pressing, bursting sensation, 



SEPIA. 457 

worse from stooping, and mental labor. There is relief from 
external pressure, or continued hard motion. 

Great falling of hair, after chronic headaches or at the 
climacteric. 

It should be remembered in dyspepsia when associated with 
uterine disease. There is a painful sensation of emptiness, all 
gone feeling in the epigastrium, which is relieved by eating; 
she longs for acid and pickles, gratification of which relieves 
the symptoms. The tongue is coated, but becomes clear at 
each menstrual period, the coat returning upon the cessation 
of the flow. 

It is an important remedy in constipation during pregnancy. 
The stools are hard, knotty, in balls, insufficient and difficult, 
and there is pain in the rectum during and following the stool; 
also in prolapsus of the uterus and vagina, when there is a 
sensation of pressure and bearing down, as though everything 
would protrude from the pelvis; she must cross the limbs to 
prevent a prolapsus. There is a constant desire to hold up the 
abdomen. This dragging-down-sensation is relieved by lying 
down. The menses are irregular. There are violent stitching 
pains that extend upward into the vagina, and from the vagina 
to the umbilicus; and in leucorrhoea when it is profuse and 
has a foetid odor, or is like pus. There are drawing pains in 
the abdomen and much itching of the vagina. 

It is useful in amenorrhcea of feeble, cachectic individuals 
with thin skin. They always menstruate irregularly. They 
are sensitive to cold and complain of a painful emptiness at the 
pit of the stomach. The bowels are constipated. 

The urine deposits a reddish clay-colored sediment, which 
adheres to the vessels as if it had been burnt on. It is so of- 
fensive it must be removed from the room. 

It is of service in painless gleet, the discharge is of a yellow 
color, and stains the linen. The sexual organs are weak and 
exhausted. 

Compare. — Lilium tigrinum, Murex, Silica, Sulphur. 



30 



458 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 

SERPENTARIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Aristolochiaceae. Syn- 
onyms, Aristolochia serpentaria, Virginia snakeroot. Habitat, 
United States. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the dried 
root; and dilutions. U. S. P., Serpentaria, Fluidextractum 
Serpentariae, Tinctura Serpentariae. Dosage. — Of the fluid- 
extract, TTL x-xxx; of the tincture (10 per cent. ), 3 ss- ij- 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a tonic, cardiac- 
stimulant, expectorant, and diuretic. L,arge doses produce 
nausea, vomiting, flatulence and frequent evacuations of the 
bowels; the stools are in a semi-solid condition, and are ac- 
companied with headache and vertigo. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the secretions are suppressed 
from the effects of colds, or during acute fevers. 

It is of service during the eruptiue fevers, when the erup- 
tion does not develop properly, or when it has been suppressed. 
It is useful when there is an urging to stool, with emissions of 
gas; the stool is scanty. 



SILICEA. 

Description. — Common Name, Silicic acid. The precipi- 
tated, hydrated silica is used in Homoeopathy. It is a white, 
light, amorphous powder. Preparations — Triturations, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 2x to 6x, and higher in 
dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces necrosis 
and suppuration of the bones, fibrous tissue, glands, and mu- 
cous surfaces. The nutrition of these tissues is interfered 
with. The lymphatic glands are enlarged and show a ten- 
dency to suppuration. There are indications of neurasthenia. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is indicated in persons with light complexions, 
pale face, lax muscles and fine, dry skin. They are nervous, 



silicka. 459 

irritable, and suffer from a lack of nutrition as a result of im- 
perfect assimilation. They are weak and debilitated, but rest- 
less and uneasy, and start at the least noise. They are always 
chilly even when taking exercise, and suffer from the effects 
of drafts. Their skin is unhealthy, every small injury suppur- 
ates. The lymphatic glands are indurated and show a ten- 
dency to suppurative process. 

It is of service in scrofulous, rachitic children who have 
large heads, open sutures and fontanelles. There is sweat 
about the head, which must be kept wrapped up, and a gen- 
eral tenderness of the surfaces. The abdomen is distended. 
The ankles are weak, and the child is slow in learning to walk. 
There is a defective formation of bone and an excessive forma- 
tion of cartilage. The child is often headstrong and obstinate. 

It is useful in the suppurative processes which involve the 
bones, periosteum, and soft tissues. 

Also in involvement of the glands when suppuration is 
present, and when small wounds do not heal readily and are 
prone to suppurate. The skin is sensitive and irritable and 
the whole body is sensitive as if beaten. It also meets an- 
other phase of the suppurative process in profuse night sweats 
which are dependent upon suppuration or phthisis. 

It should be remembered in ailments that are the result of 
a suppression of excessive foot sweats; the ill effects of vac- 
cination; or the exposing of the head and back to a draft of 
air; also bromidrosis when there is tenderness between the 
toes. 

It is of benefit in chronic sick headaches. The pain ascends 
from the base of the brain to the vertex and settles over one 
of the eyes, usually the right. The pain is sticking, tearing, 
pressing in character. It is aggravated by motion, noise, or 
light, both sight and hearing is acute. The patient desires to 
lie down in a dark, quiet room, gets relief from warm applica- 
tions and wrapping up. It may be attended by nausea and 
vomiting and it usually passes off during sleep. 

It is frequently of benefit in constipation when there is a 
sensation as though faeces remained in the rectum, from which 
[there is not sufficient power to expel it, or the faeces are par- 



460 BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

tially expelled and then suddenly recede into the rectum. 
The constipation is worse before and during menstruation. 

It is useful in chronic bronchitis when there is a deep seated 
organic cause for the disease. The cough is loose, racking and 
suffocating. There is a copious expectoration of thick yellow 
or greenish pus, which is accompanied by hectic fever, debil- 
ity, and profuse night sweats. 

It is also useful in emphysema when the suppuration is 
chronic, and although drainage is good, yet the pus continues. 
It is thin and sanious. The patient is emaciated, is weakly, 
and is made worse by cold and by uncovering, especially the 
head. 

It is useful during the suppurative stages of pulmonary 
tuberculosis; there is a loose, racking, suffocating cough, with 
a copious expectoration of a thick, yellow or greenish pus, 
with hectic fever, emaciation, weakness and debilitating night 
sweats. 

Compare. — Hepar sulphuris, Acidum picricum, Ruta 
graveolens. 



SILPHIUM LAOINIATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Common 
Name, Compass-plant. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh herb; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in the various forms of asthma 
when it is associated with chronic bronchitis and large quanti- 
ties of stringy, frothy expectoration. There is a sensation of 
constriction of the lungs, and a desire to scrape and clear the 
throat. 

Compare. — Copaiva, Cubeba. 



SOI,ANINUM ACETICUM. 461 

SINAPIS NIGRA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cruciferae. Common 
Name, Black Mustard. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh ripe seed; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Sinapis Nigra. Dosage. — The flour of mustard, 
313-iv, acts as an emetic; of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in acute coryza when there is a 
thin, watery, excoriating discharge, with lachrymation, sneez- 
ing, and a hacking cough. 

It is useful when the mucous membranes of the nose are 
dry and hot, the discharge is scanty and acrid. The left 
nostril especially is stopped. 

It is of service in acute pharyngitis when the parts feel as 
though they were scalded, hot and inflamed. 

Compare. — Colocynthis, Capsicum, Sinapis alba. 

SKOOKUM CHUCK. 

Description. — A natural mineral salt obtained from the 
" Medical Springs " of the State of Washington. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations from the salt obtained by evaporating the 
water at the lake formed by the springs. Dosage. — Tritura- 
tions, ix to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed both locally and internally in 
eczema, also in otitis media, with a profuse, putrid smelling 
discharge. 

SOLANINUM ACETICUM. 

Description. — The Acetate of Solaninum, an alkaloid 
obtained from various Solanums, especially S. Dulcamara and 
S. Nigrum. It is a white powder. Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. \-\. 



462 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy has some reputation in albuminuria, but its 
field of usefulness is in threatened paralysis of the lung in the 
aged and in children. Old people have to cough for a long 
time to raise the sputum. 

Compare. — Senega. 

SOLANUM CAROLINBNSE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanacese. Common 
Name, Horse-nettle. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the fresh ripe berries; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 2 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is of service in diseases of a convulsive type. It 
has been employed in epilepsy, that is brought on or aggra- 
vated at the menstrual period. It^has also been used in 
chorea, non-traumatic tetanus, puerperal eclampsia and hys- 
terical convulsions. 

Compare. — CEnanthe crocata, Acidum hydro cyanicum. 

SOLANUM MAMMOSUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanacese. Common 
Name, Apple of Sodom. Habitat, West Indies. Prepara- 
tions. -Mother tincture of the fresh ripe berries; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed for the relief of pain in the 
left hip joint. 

SOLANUM NIGRUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanacese. Common 
Name, Black Nightshade. Habitat, Europe. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant and berries; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 



SOLANUM VKSICARIUM. 463 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in tetanic convulsions with 
stiffness of the whole body which attends ergotism. 

It is useful in meningitis and cerebral irritation during 
dentition, when there are excruciating pains in the head, and 
a complete cessation of the mental faculties. 

It is also useful in acute coryza, when there is a profuse, 
watery discharge from the right nostril, with alternate heat and 
chilliness over the body. 

Compare. — Belladonna. 

SOLANUM OLERACETJM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanacese. Common 
Name, Gyquerioba. Habitat, Brazil. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the flowers; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Dilutions, 3 and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in congestion of the mam- 
mary glands, with a profuse secretion of milk. 



SOLANUM TUBEROSUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanacese. Common 
Name, Potato. Habitat, Peru, Chili and Mexico. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the berries; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the tincture, 1 to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in cramps in the calves of the 
legs and fingers. 

SOLANUM VESICARIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanacese. Synonyms, 
Physalis Alkekengi, Winter Cherry. Habitat, Europe and 



464 Blackwood's materia medica. 

China. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh ripe 
berries; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy has been employed in paralysis of the facial 

nerve. 

SOLIDAGO VIRGA-ATJREA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Composite. Common 
Name, Goldenrod. Habitat, Kurope, Asia and United States. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh flowering tops; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in dysuria, with difficult and scanty 
micturition. The urine contains albumen, blood, and has a 
dark, thick sediment. There is pain^in the region of the kid- 
ney, which extends forward to the abdomen and bladder. 
Compare. — Berberis vulgaris. 



SPARTEINE. 

Description. — This is a volatile alkaloid contained in 
Spartium scoparium (Broom). It comes as a heavy, yellowish, 
syrupy liquid. Preparations. — Mother tincture, the solu- 
tion of the alkaloid in alcohol; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
the pure alkaloid, gr. ^ to \. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces an increase 
in the blood pressure, augments the ventricular contractions 
of the heart, and quickens the pulse rate. The action of the 
kidneys is stimulated. I^arge dose produces muscular tremor, 
lack of co-ordination, emesis, catharsis and paralysis of the 
respiratory and motor centers. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in functional derangements and 
organic diseases of the heart that are attended with marked 



SPIGEUA. 465 

irregularity of its action, also in feeble hearts that are met 
with in nervous, hysterical individuals. In some cases there 
are indications of myocardial degenerations, especially of the 
fatty type, when it should be employed cautiously if compen- 
sation is failing. 

It is of service in assisting to establish "a compensation 
where there are valvular lesions. When there is pronounced 
cardiac weakness with anasarca and a disturbance of the 
rhythm. 

When this disturbance of the rhythm is dependent upon 
dyspepsia and accumulations of gas in the intestinal canal, and 
there is great mental depression, its action is favorable; as it is 
in the albuminuria that attends nephritis, and organic heart 
lesions. In the feeble heart's action that attends the various 
pulmonary lesions its action is favorable. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Strophanthus. 

SPIG-ELIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Loganiacese. Synonyms, 
Spigelia anthelmia, Pinkroot. Habitat, West Indies and 
South America. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture 
of the freshly dried herb; and dilutions. U. S. P., Spigelia, 
Fluidextractum Spigeliae. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 
1 to 30 drops; of fluidextract for an adult, 3J-ij; for a 
child of 3 years, TT[x-xx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent dilates the pupil. 
The face is flushed and swollen. The pulse is quickened. 
The skin is hot and dry. There are spasms of the facial mus- 
cles, especially those of the eyelids. There are pains of a 
shooting character which are most marked on the left side of 
the head, face, and chest. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in anaemic, debilitated subjects, 
with light hair, who are sensitive to the slightest touch; every 
touch sends a shudder through the body. They are subject to 
rheumatism. They are subject to periodical nervous and neu- 



466 Blackwood's materia medica. 

ralgic headaches which begin in the base of the brain in the 
morning and spread up over the head and locate in the eye, 
orbit and temple of the left side. The pain is pulsating, vio- 
lent, and throbbing. It recurs at regular intervals, and is 
worse from motion, stooping and concussion. The pain is re 
lieved by firm pressure. 

It is of service in rheumatic ophthalmia and ciliary neu- 
ralgia', the pain is intolerable. He cannot turn the eye with- 
out turning the whole body. 

It is useful in periodical prosopalgia of the left side. It 
involves the eye, orbit, malar bone, and teeth. The pain is 
tearing and burning in character, the cheek is dark red; it is 
worse during cold, rainy weather, and from an excess of tea. 

It should be remembered in rheumatic pericarditis. The 
pain is sharp and stitching in the left chest, and shooting into 
the arm and neck. It is worse from motion. The heart's ac- 
tion is tumultuous. 

It is of benefit in worm affectians. There is paleness of 
the face with blue rings about the eye, nauseated feeling, and 
colic around the navel. 

Compare. — Cactus grandiflora, Kali carbonicum, Aconi- 
tum napellus, Digitalis, Naja. 



SPIRAEA ULMARIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rosaceae. Common Name, 
Knglish meadow sweet. Habitat, Europe, Great Britain and 
southern Asia. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh 
root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 
30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent has been employed in the relief of gleet and 
prostatic irritation. 



SPONGIA TOSTA. 467 



SPIRANTHBS AUTUMNALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Orchidaceae. Common 
Name, Lady's tresses. Habitat, Europe. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh plant in bloom; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Dilutions, 3X to the 30th. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in the relief of yawning 
and paroxysms of sleepiness during the day. 

It is useful in lumbago and rheumatism, also in dryness 
and burning pain in the vagina with pruritus of the parts. 

Compare. — Lycopodium, Kreasote. 



SPIRITUS JETHERIS NITROSI. 

Description. — Common Names, Sweet Spirit of Nitre, 
Spirit of Nitrous Ether. Preparations. — An alcoholic solu- 
tion of ethyl nitrite. Dosage. — Of the spirit, from a fraction 
of a drop to 1 fluid drachm well diluted. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in low fevers, and the fevers of 
childhood with sensorial apathy. There is stupor, also proso- 
palgia with burning in the cheeks and vomiting, followed by 
lassitude. The pulse rate is increased, the skin is dry and the 
urine is diminished in quantity. There is nausea and flatu- 
lence. 



SPONGIA TOSTA. 

Description. — Common Name, Sponge. A marine growth 
of the Class, Parifera, and Order, Ceratospongiae. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the sponge, which has been roasted 
brown; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 
20 drops. 



468 Blackwood's materia medica. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces enlarge- 
ment and induration of the glands; inflammation of the mu- 
cous membranes of the larynx and trachea. It also exerts an 
influence on the nutrition of the heart. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diseases of women and children 
who have light hair, fair complexions and a tubercular dia- 
thesis. 

It is of service in croup, the respirations are wheezing, the 
cough is dry, sibilant, like a saw driven through a pine board. 
It is worse from cold winds, while lying with the head low, 
and before midnight. It is also of service during the early 
stages of tracheitis and bronchitis, when there is great dry- 
ness of the mucous membranes, the cough is dry, barking, rasp- 
ing, and ringing, everything is dry; also for pulmonary 
tuberculosis when the cough is hard, ringing and metallic. It 
is worse from dry cold winds and from breathing deeply. 

It is useful in orchitis and epididymitis following suppressed 
gonorrhoea when the spermatic cord is swollen and painful, the 
testicle is swollen and feels as though it was bruised or 
squeezed. 

It should be remembered in angina pectoris, when it ap- 
pears after midnight and is associated with a contracting pain, 
heat, faintness and anxiety, also for the palpitation of the 
heart that attends valvular insufficiency. There is pain and 
distress in the cardiac region with suffocation and great anx- 
iety. 

It is often beneficial in goitre when the thyroid gland is 
much enlarged and there are spells of suffocation which are 
worse after midnight. 

Compare— Iodine, Bromine, Hepar sulphuris, Aconitum 
napellus. 

STANNUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Tin. A metallic element 
of a brilliant silver-white color. Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 3X to 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 



STAPHISAGRIA. 469 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces neuras- 
thenia and prostration of the nervous system with neu- 
ralgia. There is a catarrhal inflammation of the bronchioles. 
It is an anthelmintic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is profound prostra- 
tion of the nervous system. Complete exhaustion of the mind 
and body. The patient is sad, despondent, feels like crying 
all the time, but crying makes her worse. She feels weak 
when going down stairs, can go up well enough. 

It is of service in neuralgic headache when the pain begins 
lightly and increases gradually to the highest point and then 
gradually declines. 

It is useful in chronic bronchitis , bronchorrhcea and chronic 
tuberculosis when there is great weakness of the chest. He is 
so weak he cannot talk, laugh, sing, or read aloud. The cough 
is deep, hollow, strangling and in paroxysms. The expectora- 
tion is profuse, sweetish, salt, sour; or putrid, yellow, green 
pus. There is usually some hoarseness which is relieved for 
the time by coughing or expectorating. 

It should be remembered in prolapsus uteri and leucor- 
rhoea when there is extreme weakness, she must sit down 
several times while dressing. 

It has some reputation as a vermifuge. 

Compare — Stannum iodide, Helonias, Calcarea carbonica. 

STAPHISAGRIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ranunculaceae. Syn- 
onyms, Delphinium Staphisagria, Stavesacre. Habitat, south- 
ern Europe. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of 
the ripe seed; and dilutions. U. S. P., Staphisagria, Fluid- 
extractum Staphisagria. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 
to 5 drops; of the fluidextract, TTL j- 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an emetic, cathar- 
tic, and parasiticide. Locally it causes tingling, burning and 
inflammation; internally it lowers the heart's action and de- 
creases the number of respirations. 



47° Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated when the mind has been dwelling 
too much upon sexual subjects, or there has been sexual ex- 
cess or onanism. The patient is depressed and gloomy. He 
is shy and feels sad and despondent. It has an influence over 
the nervous system, and assists him to overcome the practice. 
It is of service in females when there is a sensation as some 
insect crawling on the external genital organs. The parts are 
sensitive. 

It is of service in the relief of suppressed anger, peevish- 
ness and oversensitiveness. He is worn out and exhausted. 
The nose is peaked, the face is pale and the eyes are sunken 
and surrounded by dark rings. 

It is beneficial when there is itching of the skin, when the 
scrotum changes its position. It is beneficial when the child's 
teeth turn black and crumble as soon as they appear. 

Compare. — Acidum phosphoricum, Colocynthis, Ignatia, 
Causticum. _ 

STELLAREA MEDIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Caryophyllacese. Common 
Name, Chickweed. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in rheumatism when the parts are 
sore to the touch, the joints are stiff, and there are darting, 
shifting pains in all parts of the body. The liver is enlarged 
and tender. 

Compare. — Pulsatilla. 

STERCULIA ACUMINATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Sterculiacese. Common 
Name, Kola nut. Habitat, Africa. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the nuts; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tinc- 
ture, 1 to 30 drops; of the Jfluidextract, ITTL v-xxx. 



STIGMATA MAYDIS. 471 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is employed in the relief of the liquor habit, as 
it lessens the craving for liquor and stimulates the appetite and 
digestion. 

Compare. — Coca. 

STICTA PULMONARIA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lichenes. Common 
Name, Lungwort. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the whole fresh lichen; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in catarrhal affections. There is 
a dull headache and pressure at the root of the nose before 
the discharge appears. There is dryness of the nasal mem- 
branes and a constant desire to blow the nose, but there is no 
discharge. 

It is useful in catarrhal bronchitis. The throat is rough 
and there is a dry, hacking cough, which is worse at night and 
during inspiration. 

It is of service in rheumatis?n when there is swelling, heat, 
redness and shooting pain in the affected joint. The rheu- 
matic pains precede the catarrhal symptoms. 

Compare. — Stillingia, Rumex crispus. 

STIGMATA MAYDIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Graminese. Common 
Name, Corn silk. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh corn silk; and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Zed,. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, I 
to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in renal lithuresis, nephritic colic 
with a discharge of small red sand and calculi in the urine, 
also chronic pyelitis from calculi. 



472 Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is useful in chronic vesical catarrh when the urine con- 
tains an excess of mucus and is ammoniacal, also in chronic 
gonorrhoea when the prostatic gland is involved and urination 
is painful. 

It is of service in suppression of the urine when the solids 
are low, and as a result the specific gravit}^ is low; also in or- 
ganic heart disease with dyspnoea, anasarca, and scanty urina- 
tion. 

Compare. — Chimaphila, Barosma. 



STILLINGIA SYLVATICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Kuphorbiacese. Common 
Name, Queen's delight. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Homoso., Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Stillingia, Fluidextractum Stillingiae. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 60 drops; of the fluid- 
extract, 3 ss_ ij* _ 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in affections of a syphilitic origin 
as periostitis, osteitis and in nodes on the bones; the pain is 
worse at night and in damp weather. 

It is useful in those whose systems are broken down by 
syphilis or mercurial poisons. 

It is of service in chronic tubercular conditions, as enlarged 
cervical glands, enlarged abdomen, and tubercular eruptions 
of the skin. The liver is torpid, and there is jaundice and 
constipation of the bowels. 

Compare. — Mercurius, Aurum, Staphisagria. 

STRAMONIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanaceae. Common 
Name, Thorn-apple. Habitat, grows everywhere. Prepara- 
tions. — Homoeo. , Mother tincture of the fresh herb in flower 
and fruit U. $. P., Both the leaves and seeds are official, 



STRAMONIUM. 473 

and from the seed the extract, fluidextract and tincture are 
official. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 20 drops; 
of the extract from the seeds, gr. l /$ to l / z \ of the fluidextract, 
TTLJ-v; of the tincture, TTLv-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — The action of this agent is very 
similar to that of Belladonna, except that the sympathetic 
nervous system is more affected by this than by Belladonna. 
It is a powerful narcotic, antispasmodic and anodyne, and in 
full doses is said to be an aphrodisiac. The heart's action is 
rendered more irregular than by Belladonna, and the involun- 
tary muscular fibres of the bronchial tubes are relaxed to a 
greater extent. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is furious delirium. 
The patient is disposed to talk continually and desires to es- 
cape. She imagines all sort of things. That she is double. 
Thinks she is not honest and does not know her friends. 

It is of service in acute mania. The patient is noisy, de- 
lirious and frightened by strange, imaginary objects. There 
is trembling of the whole body. The features are continually 
changing from grief to joy and astonishment. 

There are convulsions at the sight of a light, a mirror or 
water, and when a cup of drink touches the lips. 

There is less fever than characterizes Belladonna and a 
greater tendency to convulsions, while it has more fever 
than Hyoscyamus. It should be studied in puerperal insanity , 
when the lochia is scanty, there are many hallucinations, 
nervous erethism and restlessness. 

It is beneficial in erysipelas when the brain symptoms are 
pronounced, and in suppression of the urine during typhoid 
fever. 

It is useful in neurotic asthma, when smoking the dried 
leaves will give temporary relief. 

Compare. — Belladonna, Hyoscyamus. 



3i 



474 Blackwood's materia medica. 



STRONTIANA CARBONICA. 

Description. — Common Name, Carbonate of Strontia. It 
is a white, light, fine powder. Preparations. — Triturations, 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 3X to 6x, and higher 
in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent has an ante-putres- 
cent and antiseptic action. The bromide prevents acetic and 
lactic fermentation, and is a gastric, intestinal, and heart seda- 
tive, and has been employed in disorders of the digestive tract 
when there is excessive fermentation; also in epilepsy and 
hystero epilepsy. Strontia iodide has much the same action 
as Potassium iodide, and has been employed in parenchyma- 
tous nephritis, in rheumatic and scrofulous subjects; also in 
the albuminuria of pregnancy. It should not be employed 
when the urine is scanty nor when there are indications of 
suppression of the urine. It is also used in diabetes. 

Strontia salicylate is employed in chronic, gouty and rheu- 
matic conditions; also in lithaemia, when there are intestinal 
disturbances and flatulent dyspepsia. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

The carbonate is indicated in threatened apoplexy, when 
there is violent congestion of the head, with a red face while 
exercising. There is headache which comes up from the nape 
of the neck and spreads over the head. 

It is useful in diarrhoea when there is a continuous urging 
which is worse at night; he is hardly off the vessel before he 
must return. 

It should be remembered in chronic sprains of the ankle 
joint with oedema. 

Compare. — Arnica, Silica, Baryta carbonica. 



STROPHANTHUS HISPIDUS. 475 



STROPHANTHUS HISPIDUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocynaceae. Habitat, 
Senegambia and Guinea. Preparations. — Homceo., Mother 
tincture of the ripe seed; and dilutions. U. S. P. , Strophanthus, 
Tinctura Strophanthi. Dosage. — Mother tincture (j 1 ^), i to 
5 drops; Tinctura Strophanthi ( T V), HI viij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a muscle poison. It 
increases the contractile power of the striped muscles. The 
heart muscle receives a greater amount of the drug in a given 
time than any other muscle and as a result it is more dis- 
tinctly affected than any other striped muscle. The cardiac 
systole is increased, and its contractions are slowed by small 
doses. If larger doses are administered the heart is paralyzed 
in a condition of rigid systolic contraction. This condition is 
produced even when the influence of the cerebro-spinal nerv- 
vous system is removed. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the active, energetic type of 
patient whose muscular development is below par. They are 
always exhausted and overtaxed. Frequently there is a history 
of some violent exercise or exertion that has left its effect in 
the form of dyspnoea, precordial distress, or a painful throb- 
bing in various parts of the body. 

It is of service when the heart's action is rapid and feeble, 
the pulse is irregular and weak, there is severe dyspnoea, and 
condition of arterio-sclerosis present. It is useful in nephritis 
when there is a permanent high arterial tension with senile 
rigidity of the arteries. The heart's action is weak and irreg- 
ular. 

It is also useful in fatty degeneration of the heart, in 
hepatic cirrhosis, in the enfeebled heart's action that follows 
acute fevers, in reflex palpitation in the neurasthenic and hys- 
terical. 

It should be remembered in anasarca, when diuresis can be 
promoted by an increased blood pressure. 



476 Blackwood's materia mbdica. 

It is particularly useful for corpulent persons and for chil- 
dren, those suffering from chlorosis, ancemia, irritability of 
the heart, and in senile vertigo from cerebral anaemia. If con- 
tinued for a period it has a favorable influence in many cases 
of exophthalmic goitre. 

It is useful during the climacteric period when there are 
aching pains through the hips and extensors of the thighs. 

It is to be preferred to Digitalis on account of its greater 
rapidity of action, in having but little if any vaso-motor effects, 
in having a greater diuretic power, in not disturbing the di- 
gestive organs, in not being accumulation, and in being safer 
for children and for the aged. 

Compare. — Digitalis, Adonis vernalis, Cratcegus, Spar- 
teine. 

STRYOHNINUM. 

Description. — Strychnine is an alkaloid obtained from 
Nux vomica, Ignatia, and other plan ts-of the order, Loganiaceae. 
It comes in colorless, transparent crystals, or in a white, crys- 
talline powder. Preparations. — Homceo., Triturations, and 
dilutions. U. S. P. , Strychnina. Dosage. — Of the pure al- 
kaloid, gr. T l<j - 2 V 

Physiological Action. — The action of this agent is 
similar to that of Nux vomica in many particulars, and yet it 
has a sphere of action that is distinct in certain respects. In 
minute doses it acts as a tonic, increases the appetite, improves 
the digestion, and exalts all the functions of the body. The 
intestinal peristalsis is increased and even diarrhoea may re- 
sult. All the reflexes are increased. In toxic doses the face is 
drawn into a grin, the lower jaw becomes immovable, the neck 
is rigid, and all the reflexes are heightened, and convulsions 
of a tetanic character are present. A short time after its ad- 
ministration there is a sense of suffocation and dyspnoea, the 
limbs are stretched out and become rigid, the hands are clinched, 
and the whole body becomes opisthotonose. After a minute 
or so there is a temporary relaxation; during the interval there 
is soreness of the muscles, he feels exhausted, sweats pro- 



STRYCHNINUM ARSENICUM. 477 

fusely, and the convulsion returns. The paroxysms increase 
in frequency and severity until the respirations cease in the 
middle of a spasm and the heart soon ceases to beat. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in tetanic co?ivulsions with opis- 
thotonos. There is rigidity of the muscles with violent twitch- 
ing, jerking, and trembling. The condition is aggravated by 
the slightest touch, sound, odor or noise. 

It is useful in over-irritability and restlessness, when all 
11 the nerves are upon edge; " also in spermatorrhoea from 
plethora, with sexual dreams and nocturnal emissions which 
are followed by over-excitability. There is despondency and 
prostration. 

It should be remembered in atonic dyspepsia, when after a 
meal he is qualmish, anxious, and nauseated, debilitated and 
sick. 

It is employed in physiological doses in acute heart failure , 
and the weakened heart action with, or following pneumonia. 
It is also used to arrest progressive muscular atrophy, and to 
prevent post partum haemorrhages, and in the paralysis of the 
aged. It is an antidote to chloral and is used with advantage 
during the early stages of Opium poisoning, and in the 
asphyxia from inhalation of gas and chloroform. 

Compare. — Cicuta virosa, Arnica montana. 

STRYCHNINTJM ARSENICUM. 

Description. — Common iVame, Arseniate of Strychnine. 
It is a white powder of a very bitter taste, prepared by dissolv- 
ing Strychnine in aqueous Arsenic acid. Dosage. — Of 
the crude, gr. ^"A- 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the aged when there is great 
debility and lack of nerve force, as is seen in cases of paresis, 
with oedema of the tissues. The muscular structures are re- 
laxed. Anaemia is present with the tendency to oedema of the 



478 Blackwood's materia medica. 

dependent parts. It should be remembered in cases where there 
is extreme nervous weakness and prostration. Following the 
severe prostrating diseases of childhood, and all asthenic con- 
ditions it is of service, and relieves the system of the prostra- 
tion; also in cases where there are spasmodic affections, as 
asthmatic bronchitis, in those who are anaemic and have a ten- 
dency to oedema. It is also of service in cases of overexertion. 
Compare. — China, Arsenicum, Calcarea phos. 

STRYCHNINTJM NITRICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Nitrate of Strychnine. It 
comes in colorless needles of a silky lustre. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. 
i _ i 

TOTT ~ T 2 • 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is considered by many to be able to remove the 
craving for alcohol and counteracts its injurious effects. Its 
use must be continued from seven to fourteen days. 

STRYCHNINUM PHOSPHORICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Phosphate of Strychnia. 
It comes in light, white powder. Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. T ^- r V 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be remembered in those who are 
ancemic, weak and debilitated, whose appetite and digestion are 
poor, and who suffer from constipation. There are indications 
of irritation of the spinal cord, as indicated by the burning, 
weakness and aching of the spine; this extends around to the 
front of the chest. The spine is tender to pressure in the mid- 
dorsal region. The feet and hands are cold and clammy and 
there is a cold perspiration in the axillary region. It is of ser- 
vice during pregnancy when the patient is weak, prostrated, 
and is suffering from exhaustion of the nervous system. 



su^phonai,. 479 



STRYCHNINUM VALERIANICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Valerianate of Strychnine. 
It is a white, crystalline powder. Preparations. — Tritura- 
tions. Dosage. — Of the pure salt, gr. ^ - £$. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in the cases of women in 
whom there is a great nervous erethism, or where there is an 
exhaustion of the brain power. 



SULPHONAL. 

Description. — Sulphonal is a synthetical hypnotic. It 
comes in colorless, prismatic crystals. Preparations. — Trit- 
urations. Dosage. — Of the pure substance, gr. xv-xlv. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a hypnotic. Its 
prolonged use is followed by headache, vertigo, weakness and 
incapacity for mental work. When it is stopped in those who 
are subject to sulphonalism there result vertigo, motor dis- 
turbances, general weakness and digestive disturbances ; 
chronic poisoning is attended with vomiting, diarrhoea, ataxia, 
ptosis and ascending paralysis. 

THERAPEUTICS, 

The great use of this remedy has been in 20 grain doses as 
a hypnotic. It is given in a hot fluid about two hours before 
the desired result is expected. It should not be repeated that 
day. 

It is indicated in ataxia with staggering gait, and trem- 
bling of the legs. There is extreme restlessness and muscular 
twitching. The knee reflexes are lost. 

It is useful in nephritis, the urine contains albumen and 
casts. The urine is scanty and high colored. 

It is also useful in cerebral diseases when the patient is 
apathetic, alternately happy and despondent. There is men- 
tal confusion and illusions. 

Compare. — TrionaL 



480 BLACKWOOD'S materia medica. 



SULPHUR. 

Description. — Sulphur is a non-metallic element and is 
a brittle solid of a pale yellow color. Preparations.— 
Homceo. , Mother tincture, triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P. , 
Sulphur L,otum. Sulphur Prsecipitatum. Sulphur Sublima- 
tum. Dosage. — Of the precipitated sulphur, gr. x~3j. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a diaphoretic and 
mild laxative. It produces congestion of the venous capillar- 
ies, which, while general, it is not pronounced in the portal 
system. The secretions become acrid and excoriating. The 
skin becomes unhealthy and there are vesicles, pimples, boils, 
herpes, and erythema. The assimilation of the food is inter- 
fered with and emaciation results. The biliary secretions are 
increased. There are hot flashes over the body that are fol- 
lowed by perspiration and a faint feeling. 

THERAPEUTIC^. 

This remedy is indicated in those who are subject to venous 
congestion, especially of the portal system. They are often 
lean, stoop-shouldered persons who walk and sit stooped, are 
quick motioned and quick tempered, are dirty and filthy, and 
subject to skin diseases. The skin is very sensitive to at- 
mospheric changes. They have an aversion to being bathed, 
and always feel worse after a bath. The well selected remedy 
does not produce the desired effect, especially in acute dis- 
eases; or the complaints are continually relapsing. There is 
often a sensation of burning in different parts of the body, 
when "it burns like fire." 

It is of service in sick headaches that appear every week or 
two. There is a heat on the vertex. The feet are cold during 
the day, but the soles are burning at night. The patient is 
weak and prostrated. 

It is useful in diarrhoea, which is worse after midnight, or 
drives him out of bed early in the morning. The bowels feel 
as though they could not retain their contents. The parts are 
red and excoriated by the discharge. At times there is a con- 



SULPHUR. 481 

dition of constipation that alternates with the diarrhoea. The 
stools are hard, knotty, and dry, as if burnt. They are large 
and cause pain upon trying to pass them, which is at times so 
severe that he desists. 

It should be remembered when the menses are too early, 
profuse and prolonged; at times there may be a metrorrhagia 
that has persisted since a miscarriage. 

It is beneficial in skin diseases; there is voluptuous itching 
and scratching which gives some relief. The scratching causes 
burning; it is also beneficial in furuncles that appear in groups 
on various parts of the body. 

It should be studied in chronic bronchitis before secondary 
changes have taken place. The patient is sensitive to at- 
mospheric changes. There is either an expectoration of a 
large quantity of stringy white mucus, or a scanty yellow 
sputum. There are hot flashes and faintness, with heat on the 
top of the head and burning of the palms of the hands and 
soles of the feet. The bowels are constipated, or there is an 
alternate diarrhoea and constipation; all of the secretions are 
acrid. 

It is also useful during pneumonia, when resolution is de- 
layed. The temperature remains high. There is but little ex- 
pectoration though there is a large amount of exudate. It 
should be studied in pulmonary tuberculosis when the general 
indications of the remedy are present. 

It is frequently of use in nervous derangements of the 
climacteric period, when there are hot flushes during the day, 
with weak, faint spells that pass off with a little sweating. 
There is often a weak, faint, empty feeling at 10-11 A. M. that 
is relieved by eating. She cannot wait for food, will faint if 
she cannot get it at once, she is often drowsy during the day, 
but wakeful at night. 

Compare, — Psorinum, Sepia, Calcarea carbonica, Pul- 
satilla. 



482 Blackwood's materia medica. 



SULPHUR IODATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Sulphur iodide. This is 
a grayish-black crystalline powder. Preparations. — Homceo. , 
Triturations. U. S. P., Sulphuris iodidum. Dosage. — Trit- 
urations, 3X to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in skin affections , acne, lichen 
planus, barbers' itch, and erythema on the chin. The patient 
complains of apathy. There is a thick green mucus secreted 
in the nostrils. The face is dry, hot, and of a yellowish color, 
with yellowish pustules and painful sores over it, which soon 
r disappear in dry scales. 



SUMBUL. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferae. Common 
Name, Musk-root. Habitat, Russia and Asia. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the dried root; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Sumbul, Extractum Sumbul, Fluidextractum 
Sumbul. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 60 drops; of 
the root, gr. xxx-33. 

Physiological Action.— This agent is a nerve tonic, it 
stimulates the appetite and facilitates digestion. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hysteria and neurasthenia in 
anaemic women. There is a constrictive choking and a con- 
stant swallowing and belching of gas from the stomach. 

It is useful in nervous palpitation of the heart, the pulse is 
irregular and there is neuralgia around the left breast. 

It is of service in ovarian neuralgia. The abdomen is dis- 
tended and painful. 

Compare. — Asafcetida, Moschus, Valeriana. 



SYPHILIXUM. 483 



SYMPHORICARPTJS RAOEMOSUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Caprifoliaceae. Common 
Name, Snow-berry. Habitat, United States and Mexico. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh ripe berries; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 15 drops. 

Physiological Action.— This agent appears to act upon 
the uterus and from this reflexly upon the stomach, and has 
produced a nausea similar to that of pregnancy. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in the nausea of ' pregna?icy ', which 
is relieved by lying in bed in the horizontal position and per- 
fectly quiet. There is a deathly nausea with vomiting and 
retching which is so violent that it produces hematemesis. 
The smell or thought of food is unendurable. 

Compare. — Ipecacuanha, Piper nigrum. 

SYMPHYTUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Borraginaceae. Common 
Name, Confrey. Habitat, Great Britain. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage — 
Of the mother tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is indicated in the affections of the bone and 
periosteum, the result of traumatism; also in irritable stumps 
after operations when there is soreness and pricking pains in 
the periosteum. 

SYPHTT.TNUM. 

Description. — Synonyms, L,uesinuni, L,ueticurn. The 
virus from syphilitic ulcer. Preparations. — Triturations, and 
dilutions. Dosage. — 200th dilution, and up, at infrequent 
intervals. 



484 Blackwood's materia medic a. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in affections that are dependent 
upon a latent syphilitic taint. All the symptoms are worse at 
night, the pains begin in the evening and end at daylight. 
They increase and decrease in severity gradually. 

It should be remembered in severe headache that is neu- 
ralgic in character and is worse at night, also when there are 
copper colored, reddish-brown eruptions over the body with a 
disagreeable odor. 

It is of great service in children with congenital syphilis, 
who show the effects of the disease. 

Compare. — Aurum muriaticum, Asafcetida, Mercurius. 

SYZYGIUM JAMBOLANUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Myrtacese. Common 
Name, Jambol seeds. Habitat, India. Preparations.- 
Mother tincture of the seeds; and^dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
the mother tincture, 1 to 6c drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent decreases the amount of sugar in the urine in 
diabetes mellitus. 

It is also of service in diabetic ulcers. 



TABAOUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Solanacese. Common 
Name, Tobacco. Habitat, Cuba and South America. The 
leaves contain the poisonous alkaloid, Nicotine. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the recently dried leaves. Dos- 
age. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces relaxation 
and paresis of the involuntary muscular system. There is dis- 
tress in the cardiac region, with pallor of the surface, icy cold- 
ness and sweat, nausea, nervous trembling andj debility. 



- TANACETUM VUI<GARE. 485 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is deathly nausea, 
with vomiting, icy coldness and cold sweats and intermittent 
pulse and precordial distress. 

It is of service in seasickness with deathly nausea, pallor, 
and coldness, or nausea from any cause when there is a ter- 
rible, faint, sinking feeling at the pit of the stomach; during 
pregnancy when this nausea is present as soon as she moves, 
with cold sweat over the body. It is to be remembered in 
diarrhoea, when the stool is watery, yellow or green and slimy. 
The desire is urgent and is attended with nausea, vomiting, 
prostration, extreme faintness and cold sweat. 

It has been employed in amaurosis due to atrophy of the 
optic nerve; also in difficult, violent constriction of the chest 
with palpitation of the heart and pain between the shoulders. 

Compare. — Veratrum album, Arsenicum album, Cam- 
phor a. 

TANACETUM VULGARE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Name, Tansy. Habitat, United States and Kurope. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves and twigs; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action.— This agent is an emmenagogue, 
diuretic and anthelmintic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in chorea, reflex spasms and 
twitching during sleep and waking, dependent upon intes- 
tinal parasites. It is useful in amenorrhcea and dysmenor- 
rhcea with bearing down pain, tenderness and drawing in the 
joints. 

It is of service in dysentery, there is pain in the bowels 
which is relieved by stool. The desire for stool is renewed by 
taking food. 

Compare. — Cina, Absinthium, Cimiciftcga. 



486 Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



TARANTULA OUBBNSIS. 

Description. — A large, dark-brown hairy spider of the 
Class , Arachnidse; Order, Araneidea, and Family, Lycosidse. 
Habitat, Cuba. Preparations.— Mother tincture of the live 
tarantula; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions, 3d and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in septic conditions with great 
prostration. The parts are of a purplish color, and there are 
burning, stinging pains. It is of service in carbuncles when 
the parts are of a purplish hue, are gangrenous, and there are 
burning, stinging pains. 

It is said to soothe the pains in the last struggle of death. 

Compare. — Arsenicum, Cro talus, Echinacea. 



TARANTULA HISPANA. 

Description. — A large hairy spider of the Class, Arachnidae; 
Order, Araneidea, and Family, I/ycosidae. Habitat, South 
America and southern Europe. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the live spider; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilu- 
tions from the 3d up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when there is extreme restlessness, 
must be constantly on the move although motion aggravates. 
It is useful in hysteria with chlorosis, chorea, spinal irrita- 
tion or dysmenorrhcea, she must be busy with something all 
the time. She feels relieved while in the open air, from 
music, bright colors, and from massaging the affected parts. 

It is of service in nymphomania and pruritus of the vulva. 
The parts are dry and hot, with much itching and frequent 
erotic paroxyms and sensitiveness of the ovaries. 

Compare. — Cimicifuga, Magnesia phosphorica. 



TAXUS BACCATA. 487 



TARAXACUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositae. Common 
Name, Dandelion. Habitat, Greece. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the whole plant; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Taraxacum, Extractum Taraxaci, Fluidextractum 
Taraxaci. Dosage. — Of the extract, gr. v-xxx; of the fluid- 
extract, 3j-gj. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a feeble hepatic 
stimulant, laxative, and diuretic. It stimulates the other di- 
gestive secretions, acts as a tonic, and assists in the elimina- 
tion of urea. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases where there is loss of ap- 
petite with weak digestion, gastric headache, bilious attacks. 
The tongue is coated white, this comes off in spots, leaving 
sensitive patches. "Mapped tongue." 

The skin is slightly jaundiced, the liver is enlarged, in- 
durated and tender to the touch. 

It is useful in neuralgia of the knee, which is relieved by 
pressure. 

Compare. — Hydrastis Canadensis, Nux vomica, Anti- 
monium crudum. 



TAXUS BACCATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Coniferae. Common 
Name, Yew. Habitat, Europe and England. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh twigs and leaves; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in pustular diseases of the skin. 
The pustules are large, and flat, and are attended with much 
itching. 



488 Blackwood's materia medica. 



TELLURIUM. 

Description. — This is a semi-metallic element. It is 
pinkish- white, crystalline and very brittle. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage.— Triturations, 3X to 6x, 
and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in eczema, especially behind the 
ears, and herpes circinatus; barber's itch, when there is sting- 
ing pain and a foetid exhalation. It is of service in spinal 
irritation with sensitiveness from the last cervical to the fifth 
dorsal vertebra. The patient fears being touched. 

Compare. — Arsenicum album, Sepia. 



TEREBINTHINA. 

Description. — Common Name, Oil of turpentine. This 
is a limpid, colorless, mobile liquid. It is obtained by distilla- 
tion of crude turpentine from many species of pine. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the purified oil of 
turpentine; and dilutions. U. S. P., Terebinthina. Dosage. — 
Of the pure oil, TTL v-xv, as a stimulant or diuretic. 

Physiological Action. —This agent in toxic doses pro- 
duces complete relaxation of the muscular system, and 
abolishes the reflexes. The pupils are dilated, the face 
cyanosed, the breathing is labored and death results from 
paralysis of the respiration. Large doses produce gastro- 
enteritis, with vomiting and diarrhoea. The urine is sup- 
pressed, there is pain in the renal region with burning in the 
urethra, hsematuria and tenesmus. The muscular system is 
relaxed and incoordination is present. In smaller doses it 
causes, first, an increase in the vascular tension which is fol- 
lowed by a decline of the tension. The functions of the brain, 
spinal cord, and medulla are lowered, the respirations are 
slowed and are often spasmodic. " The urine is increased in 
quantity. 



TBRPINI HYDRAS. 489 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of nephritis, cystitis, and 
urethritis, with strangury, tenesmus and albuminuria, when 
blood is present in the urine and is thoroughly mixed with the 
urine which is scanty and high colored. The nephritis differs, 
from that produced by Cantharis, in that the congestion is 
more pronounced than the desquamation, and as a result cor- 
responds more to the effects of cold and exposure than that of 
scarlatina. 

There is great distension of the abdomen with gas, as is met 
with in septic fevers, as typhoid and puerperal and entero- 
colitis, with haemorrhages and ulceration of the bowels. The 
abdomen is not only greatly distended but is extremely sensi- 
tive to the least touch. The stools consist of mucus, water, 
blood, and are foetid. There is burning of the anus and rec- 
tum, with fainting and exhaustion of the passage. 

The tongue is red, smooth and glossy, as if deprived of all 
its papilla. This is observed at times in typhoid fever, 
stomatitis and entero-colitis in which the tongue is red, sore, 
and glossy, and burns like fire. There is great tympanitis 
with a low muttering delirium and prostration. 

Cases of trichina spirites have been cured by the use of five 
drops every three hours. 

Compare. — Cantharis, Nitric acid. 

TBRPINI HYDRAS. 

Description. — Common Name, Terpin Hydrate. Ob- 
tained by the action of alcoholic nitric acid upon oil of turpen- 
tine. It comes in large, colorless, lustrous crystals. Prepa- 
ration. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — The physi- 
ological dose is, gr. ij. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

It has been used in whooping-cough, hay asthma, bronchial 
affections, coughs or colds. 
32 



490 Blackwood's materia mEdica. 



TBUCRIUM MARUM VERUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Labiatse. Common Name, 
Cat thyme. Habitat, southern Europe, and especially in 
Spain. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh 
plant; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 40 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in polypi of the nose and vagina. 
There is frequent sneezing with a sensation of crawling in the 
nose without coryza. It is of service in ascarides with a sen- 
sation of creeping and crawling in the rectum, which is worse 
during the evening and from the warmth of the bed. It is also 
recommended in rheumatism. 

Compare. — Sanguinaria, Cina, Staphisagria. 

THALLIUM. 

Description. — A metallic element. It is a soft, heavy, 
crystalline metal, rapidly tarnishing in air. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Trituration, 6x, and 
higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This agent is indicated in locomotor ataxia for the relief of 
the violent pains. There is paralysis of the lower extremities, 
with trembling, also pains, as electric shocks, in the stomach 
and bowels. 

Compare. — Lathyrus, Argentum nitricum. 

THASPIUM AUREUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Umbelliferse. Synonyms, 
Zizia aurea, Meadow parsnip. Habitat, United States. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, 1 to 6 drops. 



THERIDION CURASSAVICUM. 49I 



THERAPEUTICS. 



This remedy is indicated in hysteria and hypochondriasis 
when there are suicidal tendencies, with mental depression, 
alternating moods of crying and weeping. There is great lassi- 
tude following coitus. It is also of service in epilepsy and 
chorea during sleep, the legs are constantly on the move. 

Compare. — Agaricusmuscarius, Aurunt met. , Tarantula. 

THEA OHINBNSIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Ternstrcemiaceae. Com- 
mon Name, Tea. Habitat, eastern Asia. Its active principle 
is theine (caffeine). Preparations. — Mother tincture of 
dried leaves; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tinc- 
ture, 1 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nervous insomnia, the patient 
is sleepy during the day, but is wakeful and restless at night 
with vascular excitement and restlessness. It is useful in pre- 
cordial distress, with palpitation of the heart. The pulse is 
rapid and irregular. It is of service in the dyspepsia of tea 
drinkers when there is a faint gone sensation referred to the 
stomach. 

Compare. — Sepia, Baptisia, Oleander, Naja. 

THERIDION CURASSAVICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Black spider of Curacoa; 
Class, Arachnidse; Order, Araneidea; Family, Agelenidae. It 
is found on orange trees in the West Indies. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the entire spider; and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Dilutions, 6th and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in periodical headaches. The 
pain is over the left eye and is throbbing and shooting in 



492 Blackwood's materia medica. 

character. It is aggravated by the heat of the sun and noises 
and is attended with vertigo and nausea, which is made worse 
by closing the eyes and from motion. It is useful in acute 
phthisis when there are sticking pains in the left chest extend- 
ing to the back. There is cardiac anxiety and pain. It is of 
service in sensitive spines when the patients avoid any press- 
ure at this point. There are stinging pains at various parts of 
the body. 

Compare. — Chininum sulph., Lachesis, Phosphorus. 

THLASPI BURSA PASTORIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cruciferse. Synonyms, 
Capsella, Shepherds' Purse. Habitat, Europe and America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hcemcrrrhages, especially those 
that are uterine in origin; haemorrhage accompanying uterine 
fibroid, metrorrhagia with uterine colic; she scarcely recov- 
ers from one period before another begins. It is useful in 
chronic cystitis, dysuria and spasmodic retention of the urine, 
also renal colic, gravel, brick dust sediment and phosphatic 
deposits in the urine. 

Compare. — Urtica urens, Crocus sativa, Trillium, Ipe- 
cacuanha, Millefolium. 

THROMBIDIUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Red Acarus of the fly. It 
is a parasite found singly or in groups upon the common 
house-fly. Preparations.— Tincture of the animals; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Dilutions, 12th and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in dysentery; the stools are thin, 
brown and bloody and attended with tenesmus. There are 



THUJA OCCIDENTALS. 493 

sharp pains in the left side during stools. The liver is con- 
gested and there are griping and urging to stool on rising in 
the morning. 



THUJA OCCIDENTALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Coniferse. Synonyms, 
Arbor vitse, Tree of life. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant, irri- 
tant, diuretic and emmenagogue; as a result of its irritating 
and corroding action there are wart-like excrescences and 
condylomata. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in disease of the skin, anus, gen- 
ito-urinary organs in those of a hydrogenoid constitution 
and who as a result suffer from damp weather, from baths, 
rain and cold. The patient is often of the lymphatic type, is 
dark complexioned, has black hair and an unhealthy skin; 
and frequently suffers from the ill effects of vacci?iation and 
the constitutional effects of gonorrhoea. 

It is of service in sub-acute and chronic gonorrhoea. The 
prostate is involved. There is burning during and following 
urination. The glans penis may be red and smooth, or there 
are fig warts and condylomata over the sexual organs, that 
exude a glutinous, foul smelling matter. 

The walls of the vagina, external genitals may be covered 
with warty excrescences which are attended with great burn- 
ing and smarting pains. The parts are extremely sensitive to 
the touch. It is also of service in idiopathic condylomata of 
the moist form, and bleeding fungous growths and epitheli- 
oma and cauliflower excrescences, polypi, of the uterus and 
vagina which bleed easily and emit a foul odor. They are at- 
tended with a profuse mucous leucorrhcea which is extremely 
acrid and excoriates the uterus, vulva, and perineum. 



494 Blackwood's materia medica. 

It is useful when the ovaries are congested, especially the 
left. There is a burning pain, which is worse during menstru- 
ation, while walking and riding. The menses are delayed 
and scanty. There is a desire to masturbate, even during 
sleep. 

It should be remembered in chronic diseases that date from 
vaccination, as chronic diarrhoea and headaches. 

It is an important remedy in constipation when it is de- 
pendent upon fissures and contraction of the anus. The parts 
are sensitive to the touch and have a sensation of constriction. 

It is indicated in sub-acute gonorrhceal arthritis. The 
limb feels as though paralyzed. There are drawing pains in 
the bones as if the flesh was separated and there is tingling of 
the parts. The skin looks dirty, is covered with brown spots 
here and there, while the perspiration is offensive and is most 
profuse from the uncovered parts. 

It is useful in melancholia with loathing of life, when the 
patient is ill humored and depressed, feels as though she could 
not exist any longer. 

Compare. — Antimonium tartaricum , Medorrhinum , Pul- 
satilla. 



THYROIDINTJM. 

Description. — A Sarcode. Sterilized liquid extract of the 
thyroid gland of sheep. Preparations. — Homceo., Tritura- 
tion of the fresh thyroid gland of sheep or calf. Attenuation 
of a liquid extract of the gland. U. S. P. , Glandulae Thy- 
roideae Siccae. Dosage. — Of the dessicated thyroid glands, 
gr. jv. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in oedema, psoriasis, and in 
myxoedema when the skin is dry and impoverished and the 
hands and feet are cold. It is of service in goitre and tachy- 
cardia. The heart's action is weak. The pulse is rapid. 
There is a sense of constriction about the chest. The patient 



tongo. 495 

cannot lie down. The eyeballs are prominent, and there is 
despondency and sleeplessness. It has been employed in 
cretinism and in uterine fibroids. 

TILIA EUROPJEA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Tiliacese. Common Name, 
Linden. Habitat, Kurope. Preparations. — Mother tinc- 
ture of the fresh flowers; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, TT|_ j-xx. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in facial neuralgia] the right side 
is the first, while later the left is involved. There is dimness 
of the vision and much sneezing with fluent coryza. 

It is useful in puerperal metritis. There is soreness in the 
pelvic region, with bearing down, and slimy leucorrhcea that 
is worse while walking. It is of service in urticaria, with itch- 
ing and burning like fire after scratching. It should be re- 
membered in muscular weakness of the eyes. There is a sen- 
sation of a gauze before the eyes and double vision. 

Compare. — Belladonna, Titanium. 

TITANIUM. 

Description. — This is a metallic element, light and of a 
dark-gray color. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Trituration, 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy has been advised in vertical hemiopia. 

TONGO. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyeguminosae. Synonyms, 
Dipterix odorata, Tonka bean. Habitat, South America. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the dried seed; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage.— Of the mother tincture, i to 10 drops. 



496 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in megrim and facial neuralgia 
when there is severe pain in the supra-orbital nerve, with heat 
and throbbing pains in the head, epiphora. 

It is useful when there are tearing pains in hip and knee 
joint of the left side. 

Compare. — Melilotus. 



TRIFOLIUM PRATBNSE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyeguminosse. Common 
Name, Red clover. Habitat, Great Britain. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the fresh flower-heads; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated where there is pronounced 
ptyalism. The salivary glands are^congested and this is fol- 
lowed by a profuse flow of saliva. It is useful when there is 
an irritable condition on the larynx, as observed in spasmodic 
cough, whooping-cough, and the cough of measles. It is also 
useful in coryza, with hoarse and choking spells, coughing on 
going into the open air. It has been employed extensively in 
the cancerous diathesis. 

Compare. — Mercurius, Trifolium rep. 

TRIFOLIUM REPENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, I/eguminosse. Common 
Name, White clover. Habitat, United States and Great 
Britain. Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh flower- 
heads; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 60 
drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

When this remedy is indicated there is congestion of the 
salivary glands. It feels as if parotitis was appearing. 



TRILLIUM PENDULUM. 497 



TRILLIUM PENDULUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Liliaceae. Common Name, 
Bethroot. Habitat, North America. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
mother tincture, 1 to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an astringent, 
tonic, and antiseptic, and is said to produce both an active and 
passive haemorrhage. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases that are character- 
ized by a relaxation of the tissues accompanied by mucous dis- 
charges, and active and passive hcemorrhages that are compli- 
cated by fainting. In cases of menorrhagia when the menses 
appear every two weeks, and last from seven to eight days, and 
in the interval there is a profuse yellow, creamy, or bloody 
leucorrhcea which renders the patient anaemic. There is a 
tendency to uterine prolapsus and atony of the pelvic organs. 

It is of service in active or passive hemorrhage from 
threatened abortion, when there is a gush of blood with every 
movement, and a feeling about the hips and back as though 
they were falling apart; this is relieved by bandaging them 
tightly. 

It is indicated in metrorrhagia at the climacteric; the pa- 
tient is pale, anaemic, faints easily; also in cases of haemor- 
rhages from uterine fibroids. 

It is frequently beneficial in hemoptysis, in cases of in- 
cipient phthisis, chronic bronchitis in which there is a cough 
present, and a copious, purulent expectoration; also chronic 
diarrhoea in which the passages are bloody; also in cases of 
dysentery when the passages consist of pure blood. 

Compare. — Ipecactianha, Sabina. 



498 Blackwood's materia medica. 



TRIONAL. 

Description. — Diethylsulphone me thy le thy lme thane. A 
preparation allied in composition to Sulphonal. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations. Dosage. — Of pure Trional, gss. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is a hypnotie and is employed in insomnia 
when associated with psychical excitement. 
Compare. — Sulphonal. 

TRIOSTETJM PBRFOLIATUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Caprifoliacese. Common 
Name, Fever-root. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sick headache. There is nau- 
sea, and vomiting of bilious material. The pain is worse in 
the occiput and upon the right side. It is useful in diarrhoea 
when the stools are watery and frothy and are attended with 
colicky pains, nausea and vomiting. It is to be remembered 
in influenza with aching pains all over, heat in the limbs, also 
urticaria when it is dependent upon gastric derangement. 

Compare. — Iris versicolor. 

TRiriCUM RBPENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Gramineae. Common 
Name, Couch grass. Preparations. — Homoeo., Mother tinc- 
ture of the fresh root; and dilutions. U. S. P., Triticum. 
Fluidextractum Tritici. Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a mild and sooth- 
ing diuretic, increasing the watery portion of the urine. 



TURNERA APHRODISIACA. 499 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the urine is of a high spe- 
cific gravity and causes irritation of the mucous surfaces of the 
bladder and kidneys. It is of service in cystitis and in fre- 
quent and difficult urination, also in pyelitis, strangury and 
prostatitis when the specific gravity is high and irritation of 
the mucous surfaces is resulting. It is useful in lithczmic and 
rheumatic conditions, when the elimination of solids irritates 
the kidneys and produces much distress. 

Compare. — Chimaphila. 



TRYCHOSANTHES DIOICA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Cucurbitacese. Common 
Name, Patal. Habitat, Bengal. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilu- 
tions, 3X and higher. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an active cathartic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diarrhoea. The stools are pro- 
fuse, thin, yellowish, watery, offensive. There are cutting 
pains in the abdomen before, during and following the stool. 
The face is pale or of a yellow tinge. There is pain in the 
liver and dizziness following the stool. 

Compare. — Veratrum album, Gamboge. 

TURNERA APHRODISIACA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Turneracese. Common 
Name, Damiana. Habitat, tropical America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the recently dried leaves; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, ^ss-^ss. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in sexual neurasthenia, and fri- 
gidity, also in renal and cystic catarrh. It has been employed 



500 Blackwood's materia medica. 

in respiratory disorders when accompanied by profuse secre- 
tions. 

Compare. — Phosphorus, Phosphoric acid, Helonias.- 

TUSSILAGO PETASITES. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, Butter bur. Habitat, Great Britain. Preparations. 
— Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 10 drops. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in gonorrhoea. There is a sensa- 
tion as of crawling in the urethra. The discharge is thick, 
and yellow, and there is pain in the spermatic cord. 

UPAS ARTIAR. 

Description. — Natural Order, Urticacese. Common 
Name, Deadly Upas. Habitat, Java and islands near by. An 
exudation used as an arrow poison. Preparations. — Tritur- 
ations. Dosage. — Triturations, 3X to 6x. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy produces clonic spasms with vomiting, diar- 
rhoea and prostration. 

UPAS TIBUTE. 

Description. — Natural Order, L,oganiacese. Common 
Name, Upas Tree. Habitat, Java. An arrow poison. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the inspissated juice obtained 
from the root and bark; and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the 
tincture, TTlj-ij. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in tonic spasms, tetanus and 
asphyxia. The patient is irritable, there are dull pains in the 
brain, and lancinating pains through the right lung towards 
the liver. The hands and feet are numb. 



UROTROPIN. 50I 



URANIUM NITRICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Nitrate of Uranium. It 
is usually made from pitch-blende (an oxide of uranium). 
Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of 
the pure chemical, \ to I grain. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces ulceration 
of the stomach, glycosuria and dropsical effusions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in ulceration of the stomach when 
there is great burning pain in the stomach, with vomiting and 
flatulence. It is useful in diabetes when there is great thirst, 
emaciation, diuresis, incontinence of urine, and prostration. 

Compare.— Phosphoric acid, Lactic acid, Arsenicum. 

UREA. 

Description. — Urea is the principal solid constituent of 
urine, and is also found in other animal fluids. It forms col- 
orless, odorless, quadrangular prisms. Preparations. — Trit- 
urations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of pure Urea, gr. ij-iij. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in dropsy when the amount of 
urine passed is small and the urea is low. It is also used in 
tuberculosis. It is given hypodermically, beginning with a 
dose from ten to fifteen grains twice daily. This is gradually 
increased up to 40 or 60 grains a day. 



UROTROPIN. 

Description. — This agent forms white crystals, produced 
by the action of ammonia on formaldehyde. Dosage. — 
60 grains, well diluted with water, may be given in a day. 

Physiological Action. — It has produced haematuria, 
with difficult urination, abdominal pain and diarrhoea. 



502 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

It is employed in diseases of the upper urinary passages, 
pyelitis, cystitis, with ammoniacal urine, and in phosphaturia. 
It is said to have a solvent effect upon uric acid concretions. 
It is of service in giving relief from the effects of an enlarged 
prostate and the resulting changes in the bladder. It is useful 
in suppuration from any portion of the urinary tract. While 
employing this agent the urine should be kept acid. 



URTICA URENS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Urticacese. Common 
Name, Dwarf nettle. Habitat, Kurope. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the entire fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage.— Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces burning, 
stinging pains, and inflammation with formications of the skin 
which are followed by vesicular eruptions containing bloody 
serum. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in urticaria, dropsical effusions, 
gout, burns, scalds, and when the milk is diminished. It is 
useful in urticaria when the skin is elevated. There is a white 
central spot and a red areola; this is attended with stinging. It 
is of service in dropsical effusions when the upper portion of 
the body is greatly swollen, pale, dropsical, and covered with 
small confluent vesicles that are filled with serum; it is also of 
service in the anasarca that follows scarlatina when the lower 
extremities are greatly distended and cedematous. The kid- 
neys are affected and the urine is suppressed. 

It should be remembered in erysipelatous inflammation of 
the extremities when there is burning heat and formication of 
the skin. The hands and feet are much swollen. It has been 
employed in menorrhagia, which alternates with an acid leu- 
corrhoea. It has also been used in epistaxis and hcematemesis. 



USTILAGO MAYDIS. 503 

It is a reliable remedy in insufficiency or entire absence of the 
secretion of milk. It is used in acute gout in ten drop doses. 
Compare. — Apis mellifica, Rhus toxicodendron, Can- 
tharis, Agnus castus. 



TJSNEA BARBATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Lichenes. Common 
Name, Bearded usnea. Habitat, United States. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the entire lichen; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 2 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in congestive headaches when 
there is a sensation as though the temples would burst, or the 
eyes would protrude from their sockets. 

Compare. — Glonoine, Belladonna. 



USTILAGO MAYDIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Fungi. Common Name, 
Corn smut. A parasitic fungus, developed on the fruit of Zea 
Mays. Preparations. — Triturations of the ripe fresh fungus, 
also mother tincture of the same; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the mother tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action.— This agent produces an atonic 
condition of the genital organs of the female. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in menorrhagia and metror- 
rhagia, the result of a chronic uterine congestion. The pelvic 
organs are in an atonic condition. The blood is of a dark 
color, the haemorrhage is a slow, persistent oozing of dark 
blood and small black clots. The uterus is enlarged, the cer- 
vix tumefied, dilated and flabby. Menorrhagia may be at- 
tended by ovarian irritation. There is a burning pain in the 
right ovary. The haemorrhage lasts for weeks. The blood is 



504 Blackwood's materia medica. 

dark colored, with many clots. There is vertigo, hot flashes 
of heat and a gone feeling in the epigastrium. 

It is of service in ovarian dysmenorrhea when there are 
severe pains in the ovaries, uterus and back; every few minutes 
there is an intermittent neuralgia in left ovary, which is en- 
larged and tender. 

It should be remembered in neuralgia of the testicles when 
there is sharp pain that produces faintness and an aching that 
remains for several days. There is prostration and emissions 
that are followed by sadness and mental prostration. It is 
useful in the urticaria that appears at the climacteric period; 
the whole skin is dry, hot, and congested. 

Compare. — Secale cornutum, Sabina. 



UVA URSI. 

Description. — Natural Order, Kricaceae. Common Name, 
Bearberry. Habitat, Europe, Asia and United States. Prep- 
arations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh leaves; and 
dilutions. U. S. P., Uva Ursi, Fluidextractum Uvae Ursi. 
Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, Vfl xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an astringent, 
tonic and mild diuretic. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in cystitis with bloody urine. 
There is a constant urging to urinate, with straining and a dis- 
charge of blood, pus and tenacious mucus and large clots of 
blood. 

It is serviceable in dysuria, and strangury when the urine 
contains pus and blood. 

Compare. — Cannabis saliva. 



VALERIANA OFFICINALIS. 505 



VACCININUM. 

Description. — A nosode. Preparations. — Triturations 
of vaccine matter. Dilutions from the 6x trituration. Dosage. 
— Dilutions, the 30th and higher. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This is used in the same class of 'cases as Variolinum. 

VALERIANA OFFICINALIS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Valerianacese. Common 
Name, Valerian. Habitat, Europe and i^sia. Prepara- 
tions. — Homoeo., Mother tincture of. the dried root; and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Valeriana; Fluidextractum Valerianae; Tinc- 
tura Valerianae. Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, TTL xxx - 

physiological Action.— This agent is a mild stimulant 
to the circulatory and nervous system; it is an antispasmodic, 
laxative, diaphoretic and anthelmintic. If large doses are em- 
ployed, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and hiccough, with fre- 
quent urination, result. If it is long continued, a state of 
low, melancholy and hysterical depression results. The heart's 
action is increased, the temperature raised and formication of 
the hands and feet is complained of. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in nervous derangements when 
other remedies have failed, although apparently well indi- 
cated. The patient is of a hysterical nervous temperament, 
and given to excessive nervous excitability; persons in whom 
the intellectual faculties predominate. It is useful in hysteria 
and hysterical spasms, when the patient is of a changeable dis- 
position, irritable, then mild, has hallucinations, feels as if 
floating in the air, or as if there was a thread hanging down 
the throat. 

It should be remembered in nervous gastric disturbances, 
in which there is nausea felt in the throat, nausea with hun- 
33 



506 Blackwood's materia medica. 

ger, nausea with faintness. Foul eructations, with hysterical 
cramps and a flat, slimy taste in the mouth early in the morn- 
ing; insomnia, with muscular spasms, spasmodic asthma, and 
choking on falling asleep; sciatica, the pains are worse while 
standing, the foot resting upon the floor. Rheumatic pains in 
the limbs that are attended with constant jerking pain in the 
heels. 

Compare. — Ignatia, Moschus, Pulsatilla, Asafoetida, Cas- 
io reum. 



VANADIUM. 

Description. — Vanadium is a metallic element, and, when 
finely divided, comes as a light gray, lustrous powder. Prep- 
arations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Tritura- 
tions, 3X to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated when the heart's action is weak, 
when there is fatty degeneration of the liver, heart and arterial 
walls. It is of special benefit in those cases where ancemia, 
chronic rheumatism, diabetes, neurasthenia, or tuberculosis is 
the exciting cause. 



VARIOLINUM. 

Description. — The Nosode of Small-pox. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations of the matter from a ripe small-pox ves- 
icle; and dilutions. Dosage. — Dilutions from the 30th up. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is employed as a prophylactic against, and to 
modify the course of an attack of small-pox. There is an ex- 
cruciating backache, with great restlessness, and aching in 
legs. The fever is intense and there is a profuse offensive 
sweat. 



VKRATRUM ALBUM. 507 



VERATRUM ALBUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Melanthaceae. Common 
Name, White Hellebore. Habitat, Europe and Asia. Prep- 
arations. — Mother tincture of the freshly dried roots; and 
dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, KT[v-xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces violent 
vomiting and purging, with intense pain in the oesophagus, 
stomach and abdomen, and cramps in the extremities. The 
temperature is reduced and there is a general coldness, with 
prostration and collapse. The pulse is rapid and feeble. The 
eyes are sunken, the countenance is anxious, and there is a 
cold, clammy perspiration. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those at the extremes of life, 
who are always chilly, and in diseases that are characterized 
by a rapid sinking of the vital forces, when there is complete 
prostration and collapse. There is extreme coldness and a 
cold perspiration on the forehead. It is of service in cholera 
infantum and diarrhoea, when there is a copious vomiting 
and sweat, with diarrhoea. There is burning internally, while 
the body is blue, cold, and the face collapsed. The vision is 
obscured and the nervous powers are depressed. The vomit- 
ing is violent and forcible and consists of food, mucus, bile 
and blood, while the stools are copious, watery, and may be 
involuntary. 

It is useful in gastralgia and colicodynia when there is 
nausea and vomiting, and a sensation as though the bowels 
were tied up in a knot. The pain causes a cold perspiration 
to appear upon the forehead. 

It should be remembered in puerperal mania and convul- 
sion with cerebral congestion; the face is bluish and bloated, 
and the eyes protruded. She gives wild shrieks and has a dis- 
position to tear and bite. The blood rushes to the head on 
stooping. The headache is intense. It is beneficial in capil- 
lary bronchitis when the face is blue; there is spasmodic 



508 Blackwood's materia medica. 

loose cough, but the expectoration is difficult. The respira- 
tions are increased in frequency, while there is palpitation of 
the heart and dyspnoea. It is indicated in fevers when there 
is great coldness, with violent heat of the internal parts. The 
pulse is thread like, there is a craving for cold drinks with 
coldness of the surface, and profound nervous prostration. 

Compare. — Camphor a, Cuprum metallicum, Cuprum 
arsenicum. 



VERATRUM VIRIDE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Melanthaceae. Common 
Name, American hellebore. It contains the alkaloid, Veratrine. 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh roots; 
and dilutions. U. S. P., The dried rhizome and roots are 
official as well as the fluidextract and tincture therefrom. 
Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 20 drops; of the fluid- 
extract, TTL jss. 

Physiological Action. — This agent reduces the pulse 
rate, which, upon exertion, becomes rapid and feeble. This 
is soon followed by nausea, vomiting, muscular weakness, also 
paralysis of the nervous system, which is attended with con- 
gestion and inflammation of the brain, lungs, and stomach. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in acute diseases that are charac- 
terized by an intense arterial excitement and congestion; the 
pulse is rapid and full and there is often perspiration, nausea, 
and vomiting. It is useful in cerebral congestion. There is a 
sensation as though the head would burst. This congestion 
may arise from plethora, vascular irritation, heat, and alcoholic 
stimulant. It is also useful during the first stages of cerebro- 
spinal meningitis. When it has appeared suddenly the con- 
gestion is intense, and is attended with nausea and vomiting. 
The pulse is full and hard. 

It is of service in the congestive stage of pneumonia. The 
temperature is high, the pulse is hard, full and rapid. The 



VKRBASCUM THAPSUS. 509 

respirations are rapid and are often associated with a gastric 
irritability. There is a copious perspiration. It is of great 
benefit in acute bronchitis and asthma when associated with 
severe congestion of the lungs. The fever is high. There is 
great difficulty in breathing. The pulse is full and bounding 
and there is often nausea and vomiting. 

It is useful in endocarditis and pericarditis when there is 
great arterial excitement. The heart's action is increased and 
there is distress in this region, frequently the first remedy in 
puerperal peritonitis, metritis and ovaritis when the fever is 
high and the pulse is hard and full, also in puerperal convul- 
sions with intense congestion of the blood to the head. The 
face is livid, there is a wild delirium, coma and nausea. It 
should be studied during the early stages of pleurisy , tonsil- 
litis, hepatitis, nephritis and cystitis when the arterial excite- 
ment that characterized the remedy is present. It is a pallia- 
tive in aneurism and exophthalmic goitre when there is a 
forcible action of the heart. 

Compare. — Gelsemium, Baptisia, Belladonna, Aconite, 
Ferrum phos. 



VERBASOUM THAPSUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Scrophulariacese. Common 
Name, Mullein. Habitat, United States and Europe. Pre- 
parations. — Mother tincture of the entire fresh herb; and 
dilutions. Mullein oil is a sun distilled extract of the fresh 
flowers. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces prosopalgia, 
bronchic trachial irritation and dribbling of the urine. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases of nervous and bronchial 
irritation, with cough, urinary irritation and painful micturi- 
tion. Cases of migraine, with a sensation as though the 
temples were crushed together. Neuralgic pains about the 
zygoma, ear and temporo-maxillary joint upon the left side. 



510 Blackwood's materia medica. 

These pains are aggravated by a change of the temperature, 
talking, sneezing or biting the teeth together. 

It is indicated when there is a deep, hollow, hoarse cough 
that sounds like a trumpet, which is worse towards evening; 
there is a hoarseness when reading aloud, also stitching in the 
chest. It is useful in nocturnal enuresis, and in constant 
dribbling of the urine. 

Mullein oil is used locally for earache. 

Compare. — Spongia tosta, Phosphorus, Bryonia alba, 
Rhus aromatica. 



VERBENA HASTATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Verbenacese. Common 
Name, Blue vervain. Habitat, North America. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, 10 to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed to assist in the absorption of 
blood and to allay the pain of bruises; as an infusion it is 
employed as a remedy in Poison Ivy. 



VESPA ORABRO. 

Description. — This is the common wasp of Europe of the 
Order, Hymenoptera, and Family, Vesparise. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the live wasp; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Dilutions from the 3X up. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in erysipelatous inflammation of 
the eyelids, and chemosis of the conjunctiva. The whole face 
is swollen and painful. It is useful in congestion of the left 
ovary. Menstruation is preceded by pain and distress. 

Compare. — Apis mellifica. 



VIBURNUM PRUNIFOI.IUM. 511 

VIBURNUM OPULUS. 

Description. — Natural Order, Caprifoliacese. Common 
Name, High cranberry. Habitat, Kurope and Great Britain, 
Preparations. — Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh bark; 
and dilutions. U. S. P., Viburnum Opulus; Fluidextractum 
Viburni Opuli. Dosage. — Of the fluidextract, TT[xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent acts as an antispas- 
modic, relieving spasms and cramps that are reflex from uterine 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in cases where there is irregular 
spasmodic pain in the region of the uterus and ovaries; it also 
relieves spasmodic constrictions of the bladder and other ab- 
dominal organs which are reflex from uterine irritation. 

It should be remembered in uterine irritation that results 
from hysteria; also neuralgic, membraneous and spasmodic 
dysmenorrhcea with intense cramping pains in the uterus. 
The menses are often late, they are scanty, spasmodic, lasting 
but a short time, with a heavy and congested feeling in the 
ovarian region and pains that extend down the anterior sur- 
faces of the thighs. There are hysterical convulsions, general 
irritation of the nervous system, and spasmodic dysuria in 
hysterical subjects who suffer from uterine or ovarian irrita- 
tion. 

It is useful in cramps in the feet after long walks; cramps 
in the extremities worse during pregnancy, followed by a 
paretic condition of the part. 

Compare. — Viburnum prunifolium, Xanthoxylum. 

VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Caprifoliacese. Common 
Name, Black haw. Habitat, United States. Preparations. 
— Homceo. , Mother tincture of the fresh ripe fruit; and dilu- 
tions. U. S. P., Viburnum Prunifolium (the bark of the root). 
Fluidextractum Viburni Prunifolii. Dosage. — Of the mother 
tincture, Tttv-x; of the fluidextract, Tfyxxx. 



512 BIvACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 

Physiological Action. — This agent produces nausea and 
vomiting, and contraction of the uterine muscular fibres; when 
it is retained it acts as a tonic, antispasmodic and nerve-seda- 
tive. It depresses the heart's action, and lessens the arterial 
tension. Full doses cause paralysis of the heart. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy should be studied in cases of threatened mis- 
carriage and in cases of habitual abortion; in cases where 
there is uterine colic and irritability, dysmenorrhcea, with 
scanty menses attended with severe, expulsive menstrual pain, 
also in pains of the back, bearing down after pains, and the 
false pains of pregnancy. It is employed to prepare women 
for labor, and is said to facilitate labor, to control after pain, 
prevent postpartum haemorrhage and assist the normal involu- 
tion of the uterus. 

It is of service in controlling the morning sickness of preg- 
nancy, in relieving sympathetic disturbances of the heart, 
stomach and nervous system of sensitive females before the 
menstrual period. It should be given sometime before and 
continued through the period. It is often indicated in the 
menstrual irregularity of sterile females who are suffering 
from uterine displacements, also in cases of hysteria and hys- 
tero-epilepsy in those suffering from uterine irritation and 
menstrual irregularities. It controls the haemorrhages during 
the menstrual epoch in those suffering from small-pox. 

Compare. — Sabina, Viburnum opulus, Mitchella. 

VINCA MINOR. 

Description. — Natural Order, Apocyuaceae. Common 
Name, Cesser periwinkle. Habitat, Kurope. Prepara- 
tions. — Mother tincture of the fresh plant; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 20 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in eczema of the scalp and face- 
Trie spots ooze a moisture which smells offensive. It mats 



VIPKRA TORVA. 513 

the hair together (Plica Polonica) and crusts form which re- 
tain the discharges. It has been employed in the relief of 
diphtheria and passive uterine haemorrhages when the skin 
symptoms were present. 

Compare. — Oleander, Staphisagria. 

VIOLA ODORATA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Violacese. Common 
Name, Sweet-scented violet. Habitat, Europe and Asia. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the whole fresh plant; 
and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in dark complexioned patients 
with otorrhea. There is deafness, with sharp stitching pains 
in the ear, also frontal headache. The scalp is tense, there is 
burning of the forehead and vertigo. 

VIOLA TRICOLOR. 

Description. — Natural Order, Violacese. Common 
Name, Pansy. Habitat, Europe and Asia. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the entire plant; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the tincture, 1 to 30 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in crusta lactea, with a copious 
exudation that mats the hair, and in eczema, when there is 
burning and itching which is worse at night. The urine is 
copious, and has the odor of cat's urine. 

Compare. — Calcarea carbonica, Rhus toxicodendron. 



VIPERA TORVA. 

Description. — Commoji Name, German viper (adder). A 
snake of the Order, Ophidia, and Family, Viperidse. Prep- 
arations. — Triturations of the virus of this reptile; and dilu- 
tions. Dosage. — Trituration, 6x, and higher in dilutions. 



514 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

This remedy is indicated in phlebitis and varicose veins 
when there is a sensation as though the parts would burst. 
The patient seeks relief by having the extremity elevated. 

VI SCUM ALBUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyoranthaceae. Common 
Name, Mistletoe. Habitat, Great Britain. Preparations. — 
Mother tincture of the fresh leaves and berries; and dilutions. 
Dosage. — Of the tincture, i to 60 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy has been employed in epilepsy, chorea and 
neuralgia, especially sciatica, also rheumatism when the 
pains alternate in the knee and ankle, the shoulder and elbow. 

Compare. — Bryonia alba, Pulsatilla. 

WYETHIA HBLENOIDES. 

Description. — Natural Order, Compositse. Common 
Name, Poison weed. Habitat, California. Preparations.— 
Mother tincture of the fresh root; and dilutions. Dosage. — 
Of the mother tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in follicular pharyngitis when 
there is a constant hemming to clear the throat, without relief. 
There is a desire to swallow. The parts feel dry and as if 
swollen. 

It is of service in the irritated throats of public speakers 
and singers; also for a dry, hacking cough that is dependent 
upon a tickling that is referred to the epiglottis. There is a 
sensation of burning in the bronchial tubes. 

It is useful in haemorrhoids that are associated with consti- 
pation. There is itching of the anus. 

Compare. — Sanguinaria, Collinsonia, Lachesis. 



YOHIMBINUM. 515 



XANTHOXYLUM FRAXINEUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rutaceae. Common Name, 
Prickly ash. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — 
Homceo., Mother tincture of the fresh bark; and dilutions. 
U. S. P., Xanthoxylum, Fluidextractum Xanthoxyli. Dos- 
age. — Of the fluidextract, V([ xxx. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is a stimulant, 
diuretic, diaphoretic, and emmenagogue. It increases the 
flow of the saliva and other digestive fluids. When taken into 
the mouth it produces tingling of the tongue. The cardiac 
action and the arterial tension is increased. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This renied}' is indicated in chronic rheumatism and ca- 
tarrhal conditions involving the bile duct and pharynx. It is 
of service in the ailments of weak, delicate women, who suffer 
from profuse menstruation and spasmodic and neuralgic dys- 
menorrhea, the pains extending along the course of the an- 
terior crural nerve. It has relieved after-pains and ovarian 
7ieuralgia when the pain extended down the anterior surface 
of the thigh. Accompanying these conditions there is mental 
depression, throbbing headache, a bewildered state of the 
mind, with loss of appetite and a sensation of fulness in the 
epigastric region. 

Compare. — Cimicifugci, Gnaphalium, Viburnum. 



YOHIMBINUM. 

Description. — Natural Order, Rubiaceae. Synonyms, 
Johimbin. A crystalline alkaloid obtained from the bark of 
the Yohimbeha, or Yumbehoa tree, of the Cameroons. Prep- 
arations. — Triturations. Dosage. — Of the alkaloid, gr. 

1 1 

¥0 1 o- 

Physiological Action. — It greatly increases the sexual 
desire in men and in animals. 



516 Blackwood's materia medica. 

therapeutics. 

Useful for anaemic, thin, nervous and partly impotent men. 
Neurasthenic impotence. If given in two large doses it causes 
severe feverish conditions. 

YOLOXOCHITL. 

Description. — Natural Order, Magnoliaceae. Common 
Name, Mexican Magnolia grandiflora. Habitat, Mexico. 
Preparations. — Mother tincture of the fresh flowers; and di- 
lutions. Dosage. — Of the mother tincture, i to 5 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in the rheumatic diathesis when 
there is a general weakness and a stiffness upon the slightest 
exposure to a draft of damp air. There is relief when the 
weather is warm and dry. 

It should be remembered in pleurodynia. There are erratic 
pains in the chest. They change from side to side and are so 
severe that they interfere with breathing; at times the pain 
appears to be in the heart and causes fear and palpitation. 
Compare. — Ranunculus bulbosus. 

YUCCA FILAMBNTOSA. 

Description. — Natural Order, Iyiliaceae. Common Name, 
Bear grass. Habitat, United States. Preparations. — Mother 
tincture of the fresh roots and leaves; and dilutions. Dosage. 
— Of the mother tincture, 1 to 10 drops. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in hepatic congestion; there is 
pain through the upper portion of the liver to the back. The 
face is yellow, the tongue has a yellow coating and takes the 
imprints of the teeth. The stools contain much bile and are 
diarrhceic in character. It is also of service in balanitis and 
gonorrhoea when there is burning and swelling of the prepuce 
with irritation of the meatus urinarius. 

Compare. — Podophyllum ■, Mercurius } Cannabis saliva. 



ZINCUM METAIvUCUM. 517 



ZINCUM BROMATUM. 

Description. — A white granular powder, having a sharp 
saline and metallic taste; it is very deliquescent. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo., Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Zinci 
Bromidum. Dosage. — The physiological dose of the crude is, 
gr. ij. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in the brain-fag of business men, 
when it is attended with violent periodical pains in the head. 
It is indicated in chronic congestion of the brain, with a 
tendency to dementia and melancholia, and in the case of 
teething children who suffer with intense pains in the nerves 
of the head and face. 

ZINCUM CYANATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Cyanide of Zinc. It is a 
snow-white, odorless and tasteless powder. Preparations. — 
Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Of the pure Cyanide 
of Zinc, gr. ^ - \. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is employed in infantile eclampsia, in menin- 
gitis, chorea, paralysis-agitans and in hysteria. 

ZINCUM MBTALLICUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Zinc. A metallic element. 
When finely divided it is a white granular powder. Prepara- 
tions. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dosage. — Triturations, 
3x to 6x, and higher in dilutions. 

Physiological Action. — This agent, if administered for 
a time, produces prostration of the nutritive functions. The 
heart's action is enfeebled, and the power of locomotion is in- 
terfered with. There are muscular pains and contractions. 



518 Blackwood's materia mbjdica. 

The digestive process is interfered with. The bowels are con- 
stipated, or diarrhoea is present. The kidneys are congested, 
and albumen and sugar appear in the urine; there are conges- 
tions at various parts of the body. The skin is dry, shrunken, 
thickened and there are fissures and rhagades. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in those who suffer from nervous 
and cerebral exhaustion, mental and physical depression, from 
cerebral ancemia, or neurasthenia. Where the "vis medica- 
trix nature" is too weak to develop the exanthemata, to es- 
tablish the menstrual flow, to expectorate, or urinate. The 
lower extremities have a fidgety feeling so that he must move 
them constantly. It is of service in convulsions during denti- 
tion, when the face is pale, with a normal temperature. There 
is gnashing of the teeth and rolling of the eyes, or there is an 
automatic motion of the hand and the head. It is useful in 
spinal irritation, with a dull, aching pain in the lumbar re- 
gion. There is burning along the spine. The distress is worse 
while sitting. There is great prostration at all times. 

It should be remembered in chronic sick-headache. There 
is great weakness and much pain in the back of the head. 

It is called for in gastric oppression, when the clothing 
causes distress and must be loosened. There is great greedi- 
ness when eating; cannot eat fast enough to relieve the canine 
hunger which is worse at 11-12 a. m. 

It is useful when the establishing of the menstrual flow T 
brings relief to her sufferings. There is a constant distressing 
boring pain in the left ovarian region; it is partially relieved 
by the flow. 

Compare. — Hellebore, Cimicifuga, Staphisagria, Vibur- 
num. 



ZINCUM PHOSPHORATUM. 

Description. — Common Name, Phosphide of Zinc. A 
gray, crystalline mass, with a slight odor and taste of phos- 
phorus. Preparations. — Triturations, and dilutions. Dos- 
age. — Of the substance, gr. ^ to 2V 



ZINCUM VALERIANICUM. 519 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an antiseptic, as- 
tringent, tonic and stimulant to the nervous system. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in diseases of the nervous system, 
as mania, melancholia, debility, paralysis, apoplexy, locomo- 
tor ataxia, when there is trembling, especially of the upper 
extremities. The patient is emaciated and looks prematurely 
old, and complains of debility and nervous weakness. It is 
useful in general neuralgia that is dependent upon nervous 
debility and loss of sleep from mental anxiety; there is neu- 
rotic constitution with loss of memory. 

Compare. — Zincum picrate, Kali pkosphoricum. 

ZINCUM SULPHURICUM. 

Description. — Common Nam-e, Sulphate of Zinc. This 
comes in colorless, transparent crystals, or a granular crystal- 
line powder. Preparations. — Homoeo., Triturations, and di- 
lutions. U. S. P., Zinci Sulphas. Dosage. — Of the pure 
chemical as an emetic, 15 grains. 

THERAPEUTICS. 
This remedy is employed in paralysis, with trembling and 
convulsions of the limbs, and cramps in the arms and legs. It 
should be remembered in opacities of the cornea following re- 
peated attacks of inflammation of that structure. 

ZINCUM VALERIANICUM. 

Description. — Common Xame, Valerianate of Zinc. It 
forms white crystalline scales, pearly in lustre and greasy to 
the touch, or a crystalline powder. Preparations. — Homoeo., 
Triturations, and dilutions. U. S. P., Zinci Valeras. Dos- 
age. — Of the pure substance, gr. ij. 

Physiological Action. — This agent is an antispasmodic, 
astringent and tonic. In large doses it stimulates the brain, 
producing headache, restlessness, nervous agitation and ere- 



520 Blackwood's materia medica. 

thism. The zinc appears to intensify the action of the valeri- 
anic acid, and while it has many points of similarity to the Am- 
monium valerianate, it has a more profound action upon the 
brain, cranial nerves and cerebral membranes. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is indicated in neuralgic headaches when the 
pain is so intense, piercing, and stabbing that she becomes in- 
sane, screams and pulls her hair. They are so severe that they 
have injured her health. She is pale, cadaverous, and the 
mind is deranged. 

It is of service in insomnia, when there is pain in the head, 
particularly in children. They waken frequently at night, 
are drowsy, with a pale and tired expression to the counte- 
nance. 

It should be remembered in facial neuralgia, sciatic neu- 
ralgia, and overalgia in cases of pure neurosis. The pains 
shoot down the limbs to the feet. - 

It should be studied in spinal neuralgia and in the sequella 
of cerebro-spinal meningitis. There are severe pains in the 
neck and spine, the patient is of the neurotic type. 

Compare. — It should be compared with the Valerianate of 
ammonia in tachycardia and kindred lesions. The action of 
the Ferric and Quinine Valerianate correspond to the other 
salts of their respective bases. 

Valerianate of Caffein (ix). This remedy has been recom- 
mended for palpitation of the heart. 



ZINGIBER OFFICINALE. 

Description. — Natural Order, Zingiberaceae. Common 
Name, Ginger. Habitat, supposed to be Asia. Prepara- 
tions. — Homceo. , Mother tincture of the dried roots; and di- 
lutions. U. S. P., Zingiber. Dosage. — Of the dried root, 
gr. xv. 

Physiological Action. — This agent when chewed acts as 
a sialogogue; when taken internally it acts as a stimulant and 



ZINGIBER OFFICINALE. 521 

induces a sense of warmth in the stomach and assists in the 
expulsion of gas. 

THERAPEUTICS. 

This remedy is of service in asthma , in derangements of 
stomach and intestinal tract and in suppression of the urine, 
especially in those suffering from atonic dyspepsia. It is use- 
ful in asthma; there is difficult breathing with hoarseness and 
scratching sensation in the throat and smarting below the 
larynx. The cough is dry and hacking during the night, with 
stitching pains in the chest. It should be remembered in 
atonic dyspepsia. The food remains long in the stomach 
without being digested and gives a sensation of heaviness and 
distress, a gastric headache results, with pains over the eye- 
brows, and a feeling of mental confusion. 

Compare. — Strychnia. 



34 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



Abortion. 

Cimicifuga . . 
Caulophyllum . 
Helonias . . 
Pulsatilla . . . 
Sabina .... 
Viburnum prun. 

Abscesses. 

Anatherum . . 
Calcarea sulph. 
Capsicum . . . 
Carbo an. ... 
Hepar sulph. 
Kali perman. 



213 
198 
296 
425 
441 
512 



in 

183 
190 
192 
298 
328 



Acne. 

Arsenicum brom. 
Arsenicum sulph 
Asimina .... 
Berberis aquif. . 
C hry sarobinum 
Eugenia jam. . 
Hydrocotyle Asiat 
Ichthyolum . 
Juglans reg. . 
Kali arsen. 
Kali brom. 
Petroleum . . 
Psorinum . . 
Sulphur . . . 
Sulphur iod. 



136 
139 
145 
162 
211 
262 
304 
307 
318 
319 
321 
406 

424 
481 
482 



Albuminuria. 

Euonymus atr. . . . 262 
Ferrum . . . 271 

Helonias 289 

Lycopus Virg 349 

Solaninum 462 

Sparteine 465 

Terebinthina . . 489 

Albuminuria of Preg- 
nancy. 

Mercurius corr. 363 

Alopecia. 

Acidum fluor 60 

Acidum phos. ... 71 
Jaborandi ... 316 

Vinca minor .... 512 

Amblyopia. 

Aconitum ... 79 

Kali phos. . . 329 

Nux vom 388 

Ruta gray 439 

Santoninum . . . 447 



Amenorrhea. 
Aconitum . 
" Apiol . . . . 
Belladonna . 
Ferrum jod. 
Glonoinum 
Graphites . . 



79 
407 
1.59 
273 
285 
288 



524 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Hedeoma . . 
Kali carb. 

Kali per 

Mitchella rep. . . 
Polygonum punc. 
Pulsatilla . . . 
Senecio . . 

Sepia • 

Sulphur . •. . . 
Tanacetum . . . 



295 
322 
369 
3% 
420 

427 
453 
457 
481 

485 



Anasarca. 

Acidum acet. 
Adonis ver. . . 
Apis mell. . . . 
Apocynum cann. 
Crataegus oxy. . 
Digitalis . . . 
Klaterium . . . 
Strophanthus . 



Urtica urens 



Anesthesia. 
Belladonna 
Kali brom. 

- Populus cand. 
Santoninum . 



Anemia. 

Acidum aceticum 
Acidum picricum 
Aletris farinosa 
Argentum nit. . . 
Calcarea phos. . . 
Camphora mono. 
Cinchona .... 
Cyclamen . . . 
Ferri et strych. cit. 
Ferri val. . , , , 



55 

84 

120 

122 

235 
248 

254 
475 
502 



159 
322 
422 

447 

55 

73 

92 

129 

181 

186 

215 

245 

. 269 

. 269 



Ferrum . . 


... 270 


Ferrum acet. . 


. . . 272 


Ferrum jod. 


273 


Helonias 


. 297 


L,athyrus sat. 


• • -338 


Natrum mur. 


. . .380 


Ostyra Virg. . 


• • 398 


Panax .... 


. . . 401 


Pulsatilla . . 


... 427 


Spigelia . . 


465 


Strophanthus 


• - 475 


Strychninum ars. . 477 


Stryclminum phos. . . 478 


Vanadium 


... 506 


Zincum met. 


• . .518 



Anemia, Pernicious. 
Arsenicum alb. . . . 133 

Aneurism. 

Baryta mur. . . .157 

Calcarea fluor. . . 179 

Kali iod. 372 

I^ycopodium . . . 348 

Lycopus Virg 349 

Veratrum viride . . . 490 

Angina Pectoris. 

Ammonium val. . . . 107 

Amyl nit 109 

Cactus grand. . . 173 

Crataegus oxy. 235 

Glandulae supra, sic. 284 

Glonoinum 285 

Haematoxylon Cam. . 292 
Kali iod. . , . . 327 

Latrodectus mac. . . 338 
Lilium tig. . . 341 

Spongia tost, ,,,.-. 468 



GUNICAL INDEX. 



525 



Aortic Regurgitation. 
Adonis vernalis 



Arsenicum iod. 
Cactus grand. . . 
Convallaria majalis 
Crataegus oxy. . . 
Digitalis pur. . . . 
Strophanthus hisp. 

Aphasia. 

Bothrops lance. . 

Aphonia, Chronic. 

Carbo veg. . . . 
Causticum .... 
Manganum . . . 
Phosphorus . . . 



• 137 

• 173 

• 230 
235 

. 248 

• 475 



167 



193 
199 

353 
410 



Aphonia, Nervous. 

Ignatia . . 

Nux mosch. . . . 



Aphtha. 

Acidum borac. . . 

Borax '., 

Bupatorium aromat. 

Apoplexy. 

Aconitum nap. . 
Arnica tnont. . . . 
Belladonna . . . 
Lithium brom. . . 
Nux vomica 
Opium . . . 

Strontiana carb. 
Zincum phos. . 



308 
386 



166 
263 



82 
131 
159 
342 
388 
396 
474 
519 



Arthritis. 

Argentum met. 
Cimicifuga . . 
Colchicum 
Fraxinus exc. . 
Gaultheria pro. 
Guaiacum . . . 
Medorrhinum . 
Methylene blue 
Piperazinum 
Sabina .... 
Thuva 



Ascites. 
Adonis ver. . . . 

Apis mel 

Apocynum cann. 
Arsenicum alb. 
Elate rium . . . 
Helleborus niger 

Asphyxia. 

Amyl nitris . . . 
Bovista . . . 
Strychninuni . . 
Upas tie. . . 

Asthenopia. 

Apis mel 

Asarum Burop. 
Natrum mur. 
Ruta grav. . . . 
Senega 



127 
213 
225 
278 
278 
290 

354 
366 
414 
441 
494 



84 
120 
122 
134 
255 
296 



Asthma. 

Acidum benz. 
Amyl nit. . . 
Antipyrinum 



109 
167 

447 
500 



120 

143 
380 

439 
454 



57 
109 
118 



526 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Apomorphinae hydro. 

Aralia rac 

Asafcetida .... 
Aspidosperma . 
Blatta orient. . . 
Cannabis sat. . . 
Chenopodium anth. 
Chloralum ... 
Corallium rub. 
Cuprum arsen. . . 
Dulcamara . . . 
Kriodictyon . . . 
Eucalyptus glob. . 
Glandulse supra, sic 
Glonoinum . 
Grindelia rob. . 
Kali nit. . . 
Lobelia .... 
Natrum sulpli. . 
Oleum animale 
Oniscus asellus 
Pothos fcetida . 
Silphium lac. . 
Stramonium . . 
Terpini hydrat. 
Valeriana ... 
Veratrum viride 
Zingiber officinale 



124 
124 
142 
147 

165 
188 
206 
210 
232 
241 
252 

259 
260 
248 
285 
288 
328 
344 
383 
392 
39 2 
423 
460 

473 
489 
506 
509 
521 



Atrophy, Spinal. 

Plumbum iod 418 

Atrophy, Liver. 

Phosphorus . . 410 

Atrophy, Optic Nerve. 
Santoninum . . . . 447 



Atrophy, Muscular. 
Physostigma ven. . .411 
Plumbum met. . . . 419 



Atrophy, Ovarian. 
Sabal ser. . . . 



440 






AZOTURIA. 

Calcarea 180 

Causticum 199 

Senna 455 

Bacteriuria. 

Acidum benzo. ... 56 

Bed-sores. 
Echinacea angus. 253 

Bladder Irritations. 

Barosma cren 155 

Kpigea rep. . . . 256 

Kquisetum ..... 257 
Eupatorium pur. • 264 

Lithium car. . . 343 

Triticum rep. .... 498 
Senecio aur. ..... 454 



Blepharitis. 
Belladonna . . 
Chrysarobinum 
Euphrasia . . 
Natrum mur. 
Rhus tox. . . 

Blood Poisoning. 
Arsenicum alb. 
Crotalus hor. 
Echinacea ang. 
Pyrogenium . . 



159 
211 
267 
380 

434 



133 
236 

253 
428 



CUNICAI, INDEX. 



527 



BOII.S. 

Acidum boracicuni 
Arctium lappa 
Arnica 

Belladonna . 
Echinacea ang. 
Hepar sulph. 
Silicea . . . 
Sulphur . . 



58 

126 
132 
159 
253 
299 

459 
480 



Brain, Congestion. 

Belladonna 159 

Glonoinum .... 285 



Brain, Softening. 




Phosphorus . . . . 


. 409 


Brain-fag. 




Acidum picricum . 


• 73 


Anacardium orient. 


. no 


Phosphorus . . . . 


• 409 


Bromidrosis. 




Acidum boracicum . 


. 58 


Ammonium mur. 


. 106 


Baryta carb 


• 157 


Silicea 


459 


Bronchitis. 




Acidum benz. . . 


• 57 


Aconitum nap. 


. 82 


Ammoniacum . . 


. 101 


Ammonium brom. 


. 102 


Ammonium 'iod. . 


• 105 


Ammonium phos. 


. 107 


Antimonium tart. 


. 116 


Aspidosperma . . 


. 147 


Bromium .... 


. 169 



Calcarea acet 176 

Coccus cacti 222 

Kriodictyon 259 

Ferrum phos 275 

Hippozaeninum . . 301 
Iodium . . . ... 311 

Justicia ad 319 

Kali hypo 325 

Kali iod 327 

Kali mur 328 

Kali sulph 330 

Kaolinum 332 

Kreosotum . ... 334 
Mercurius jod. . . .361 

Nat rum ars 378 

Oleum santali .... 393 

Pulsatilla nig 427 

Sanguinarina nit. . . 446 
Spongia tosta .... 468 

Sticta pul 47i 

Terpini hydrat. . . . 894 

Bronchitis, Chronic. 

Carbo veg 193 

Ceanothus Americ. . . 200 

Copaiba 231 

Digitalis 247 

Ferrum phos 275 

Hepar sulph 299 

Iodium 311 

Kali bichr. .... 320 
Kreosotum ..... 334 

Pix liquida 41b 

Senega 454 

vSilicea 460 

vStannum 469 

Sulphur 481 

Trillium pend 497 



528 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Bronchorrhcea. 

Bacillinum 152 

Copaiba 231 

Eucalyptus .... 260 
Stannum 469 

BRUISES. 

Arnica 131 

Conium mac 229 

Ruta grav 438 

Symphytum . . . 483 
Verbena hast. . .510 

Burns. 

Cantharis 189 

Hamamelis 293 

Rhus tox 434 

Urtica urens 502 



Calculi. 




Fragaria vesca 


.277 


Calculi, Biliary. 




Berberis vulg. . 


. 163 


Carduus mar. 


. . 184 


Calcarea carb. . 


. .178 


Chelidonium 


• ■ 203 


Cinchona . . . 


. . 215 



Calculi, Vesical. 

Calcarea ren 180 

Sarsaparilla 448 

Cancer. 

Arsenicum .... 133 

Calcarea fluor 179 

Cinnamomnm . . . .217 
Conium mac 229 



Hoang nan 301 

Kali perm 329 

Sempervivum tect. . . 453 

Thuya 493 

Trifolium prat. . . 496 

Cancer, Breast. 

Asterias rub 148 

Conium mac 229 

Hydrastis Can 303 

Phytolacca 412 

Cancer, Cervix. 

Caltha palustris . . . 184 

Iodium 311 

Secale ....... 4.S1 



Cancer, Gastric. 
Acidum carbol. . 
Arsenicum alb. 
Condurango . . 
Geranium mac. 
Hydrastis Can. . 
Papaya vul. . 



Cancer, Liver. 
Cholesterinum 

Cancer, Tongue. 
Kali cyanatum . 



324 



Carbuncles. 




Acidum borac. . . 


• 58 


Anthracinum . . 


• 117 


Apis mel 


. 121 


Arsenicum . . . . 


• 135 


Echinacea ang. . . 


• 253 


Hepar sulph. calcar. 


. 299 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



529 



Caries. 

Acidum fiuor 61 

Aurum met 149 

Calcarea fluor. . . 179 

Helca lava 294 

Silicea 459 

Cataracts. 

Calcarea 177 

Causticum. 199 

Cineraria . . .... 216 

Phosphorus 409 

Silicea ....... 459 



Ferrum phos 270 

Piper methysticum . . 414 
Populus trem 422 



Catarrh. 

Allium sat . . . 
Ammonium brom. 
Arsenicum iod. 
Camphora . . 
Damiana 
Erechthites hie 
Ferrum phos. 
Hepatica . . 
Justicia adh. . 
Kali mur. . . 
Lobelia ccerulea 
Natrum carb. 
Pulsatilla nig. 
Rumex crispus 
Sambucus nig. 
Sanguinaria Can 
Sepia . . . 



93 
102 

137 
184 
246 

257 
274 
299 
319 
327- 
344 
378 
425 
437 
444 
444 
455 



Catarrh, Bladder. 

Acidum benz 55 

Barosma cren. ... 155 

Dulcamara 252 

Eucalyptus glob. . 260 



Catarrh, Bronchia 
Ammonium mur. 
Antimonium sulph. 
A r alia rac. . . . 
Balsamum Peruv. 
Bacillinum 
Conium mac. 
Copaiba .... 
Cubeba .... 
Diphtherinum . 
Dulcamara . . 
Eucalyptus glob. 
Kali bichrom. . 
Mentha piperita 
Oniscus asellus 
Phellandrium aquat 
Sabal ser. . 
Scilla maritima. 



L. 



I05 

115 
. 124 

153 

152 

229 

231 

238. 

249 

252 

260 

320 

356 

• 93 
407 

439 
440 



Catarrh, Gastric. 

Argentum nit. 12 L 

Eucalyptus glob. . . 260 
Graphites .... 287 
Hydrastis Can. . . 303 

Ipecacuanha 312 

Papaya yul 402 

Catarrh, Intestinal. 

Coto 234 

Eucalyptus .... 260 

Catarrh, Laryngeal. 

Causticum 199 

Cistus Can 218 



53o 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Cotyledon .... 
Illicium ani. . . . 
Kali bichrom. . . 

Catarrh, Nasal. 
Ammonium carb. . 
Antimonium sulph 
Asarum Can. 
Cinnabaris 
Dulcamara 
Klaps corallinus 
Kali bichrom. 
I^emna minor 
L,ycopodium . 
Mercurius viv. 
Natrum arsen. 
Quillaia sap. . 
Sanguinarina nit 



234 

308 
320 



102 

Ii5 
142 
216 
252 

254 
320 
34o 
347 
364 
377 
429 

445 



Cellulitis, Orbital. 

Cantharis 189 

Rhus tox 435 

Cerebral Congestion. 

Acidum l^dro 64 

Ammonium brom. 102 

Belladonna 159 

Camphor mon 186 

Cicutavir 211 

Glonoinum 285 

Kali brom. ..... 322 

Lithium brom. . . 342 
Primula ver. 423 



Chancre. 

Cinnabaris . . 
Mercurius acet. 
Mercurius jod. 



217 
358 
361 



Chilblains. 

Aconitum ...... 79 

Agaricus mus. . . . . 89 

Hamamelis 293 

Pulsatilla .... 426 

Chlorhydria. 

Papaya vul 402 

Chlorosis. 

Abrotanum 52 

Aletris far 92 

Cuprum acet 240 

Cuprum met 243 

Cyclamen . . . 245 

Ferri et strych. cit. . 269 

Ferri val 269 

Ferrum 268 

J^landulae supra, sic. . 284 
Natrum mur. . 382 

Phosphorus ... 409 

Strophanthus hisp. . . 276 
Tarantula hisp. . . . 486 

Cholera, Asiatica. 

Arsenicum alb. i . 135 
Arsenicum hydro. . .137 
Cadmium sulph. . . .174 

Camphora 185 

Capsicum ... . 191 

Colchicum aut. . . . 225 

Cuprum met 240 

Jatropha cur 317 

Quassia amar 429 

Veratrum alb. . . . 507 

Cholera Infantum. 

^thusa cyn. ..... 87 

Amygdalus per. . . . 109 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



531 



Antimonium crud 
Arsenicum alb. 
Cuphea vis. . 
Cuprum ars. 
Cuprum met. 
Dioscorea vill. 
Euphorbia cor. 
Ferrum phos. 
Gnaphalium poly 
Gratiola . . . 
Ipecacuanha 
Veratrum alb. . 



Cholera Morbus. 
Arsenicum alb. 
Cinchona . . . 
Colchicum aut. 
Colocynthis . . 
Cuprum acet. . 
Cuprum arsen. . 
Dioscorea vill. . 
Gnaphalium poh 
Ipecacuanha . 
Iris vers. ... 
Phosphorus . . 
Phosphoric acid 
Veratrum alb. 



Chordee. 

Cannabis ^at. . 
Lupulus . . 

Salix nig". 

Chorea. 

Agaricin . . . . 
Agaricus mus. . 
Arsenicum alb. 
Camphora mon. 



• 114 

• 135 
. 240 

• 241 

■ 243 

• 249 
.265 

• 275 
. 286 
. 289 
•313 

• 507 



135 
215 
225 
227 

240 
241 

249 
286 

313 
314 
409 

7i 
507 



188 

346 
443 



8 9 

133 
186 



Caulophyllum thai, 
Cimicifuga .... 
Cocainum . . . 
Crocus sat. .... 

Ferri val. 

Gaultheria pro. . 
Hyoscinse hydr. 
Magnesia phos. 
My gale . . . 
Scutellaria . . . 
Solanum Carol. 
Tanacetum vul. 
Tarantula hisp. 
Thaspium aur. . 

Choroiditis. 

Belladonna . . 

Gelsemium . . 

Prunus spin. . . 

Santoninum . . 



198 

213 
220 

236 
269 
280 
305 
351 
373 
450 
462 

485 
486 

49i 



159 
281 

423 

447 



Climacteric. 
Lachesis .... 
Sanguinaria Can. 
Sulphur .... 



Colic. 

Cajaputum . . . . 
Cataria nep. . . . 
Cocculus Ind. 
Coccus cacti. . . . 
Colocynthis 
Dioscorea vil. 
Gnaphalium poly. 
Illicium anis. . . 
Magnesia phos. 
Mentha pip. . . . 
Plumbum met. . 



335 
445 
481 



175 
197 
221 
222 

227 

249 
286 
308 
35i 
356 
419 



532 



BtACKWOOD'S MATERIA M^BICA. 



Sarsaparilla 448 

Senna 455 

Stigmata may 471 

Thlaspi bur. ..... 492 

Coxitis. 

Copaiba ....... 231 

Ferrum phos 275 

COI<OR-Bl,INDNESS. 

Santoninum 447 

Confinement. 

Caulophyllum . . . 198 

Cimicifuga 213 

Gelsemium semp. . . 281 
Viburnum op. . . .510 

Congestion, Venous. 
Hamamelis .... 292 

Conjunctivitis. 
Chrysarobinum 
Euphrasia 
Guarea trich. 
Kali sulph. 
Mercurius vivus 
Rhus tox. . 



Constipation. 
^E)sculus glabra . 
Alumen . . 
Alumina .... 
Ambra grisea . . 
Ammonium mur. . 
Antimonium crud. 
Bryonia alba . . 
Cascara sag. . . . 
Collinsonia Can. . 



211 
267 
291 
330 
365 
435 



85 
97 
98 

99 
106 
114 
172 

195 
226 



Dolichos prur, 
Kuonymus atro 
Graphites 
Hydrastis Can 
Justicia adh. . 
Kali hypo. . 
L,achesis . . . 
Magnesia mur. 
Magnesia sulph, 
Melilotus alba 
Natrum mur. . 
Nux vomica 
Nyctanthes 
Opium . . 
Paraffin um 
Platinum 
Sanicula . 
Sepia . . 
Silicea . . 
Strychninum phos, 
Sulphur 
Thuya Occident. 

Convulsions. 
Apocynum cann. 
Artemisia vulg. 
Chloralum . . . 
Cicuta vir. . . . 

Cina 

Cuprum arsen. 
Cypripedium pub 
Glonoinum . . 
Hydrophobinum 
Jaborandi . . 
Melilotus alba 
CEnanthe croc. . 
Passinora inc. . . 
Veratrum vir. 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



533 



Convulsions, Uremic 




Belladonna 


... 158 


Adonis verti. . . 


. 84 


Bryonia alba . 


. . . 169 


Cuprum ars. 


. 244 


Coccus cacti . 


222 


Lonicera xylosteum 


■ 345 


Codeinum . . 


... 223 


Urotropin 


502 


Corallium rub. 


... 232 






Grindelia rob. 


... 289 


CORYZA. 




Ichthyolum 


• • 307 


Aconitum nap. . . . 


• 78 


Ignatia amara 


... 307 


Allium cepa .... 


. 92 


Inula liel. 


... 310 


Ammonium mur. . . 


■ 105 


Justicia adh. 


■ 3i9 


Anthemis nob. . 


117 


Kalibrom. . . 


321 


Antipyrinum .... 


. 118 


Lachnanthes . 


■ 337 


Argentum nit. . . . 


. 127 


Lactuca vir. 


■ • 337 


Arsenicum alb. . . 


• 134 


Lycopus Virg. 


. . .348 


Arundo maur. . . 


• 141 


Naphthalinum 


. . .378 


Aumm met. 


149 


Nux mosch. . 


. . .386 


Belladonna . . 


158 


Phosphorus . . 


... 409 


Bromium . . 


168 


Piscidia . . . . 


• 415 


Camphor 


. 184 


Rumex crisp. 


- -438 


Dulcamara 


252 


Salvia off. . . 


• • 443 


Gelsemium . . . 


281 


Terpini hydrat. 


• • 489 


Justicia adh 


• 319 


Verbascum that. 


>s. 510 


Kali bichrom. . . . 


320 


Wvethia hel. . 


- ■ • 514 


Kali iod. 


• 3 2 6 






Lachesis 


335 


Cough, Spasmod 


IC. 


Lycopodium . . . 


- 437 


Ammonium bro 


m. . . 102 


Merc. bin. cum Kali 


Belladonna . . . 


• • 158 


jod 


• 358 


Cerium ox. . . 


. . . 202 


Osmium 


■ 379 


Cuprum met. . 


244 


Pulsatilla 


426 


Drosera rot. . 


... 251 


Sambucus nig. . . . 


. 444 


Magnesia phos. 


• • • -35i 


Sanguinaria Can. . . 


• 444 


Naphthalinum 


• • 377 


Sinapis 


. 461 


Sambucus nig. 


... 444 


Solanum nig. . . . 


• 4^3 


Trifolium prat. . 


• • 496 


Trifolium prat. . . 


496 


Cramps. 




Cough. 




Armoracia sat. 


... 130 


Balsam Peru, . , , 


• *53 


Chamomilla . 


. . . 202 



534 



Blackwood's materia mbdica. 



Colocynthis 227 

Cuprum arsen 241 

Magnesia mur 351 

Magnesia phos. 351 

Solanum tub. . . . 463 
Viburnum 511 

Croup. 

Aconitumnap 78^ 

Ammonium caust. . . 104 

Bromium 168 

Calcarea iod. . . . . .180 

Cuprum met. . . 244 

Hepar sulph 298 

Iodium 311 

Kali bichrom. .... 320 
Mephitis put. .... 357 

Sambucus 444 

Spongia tosta 468 

CRUSTA IyACTEA. 

Juglans reg 318 

Viola tri 513 



Cyanosis. 
Laurocerasus 



339 



Cystitis. 
Acidum benz. . . 
Ammonium benz. 
Anatherum . . . 
Apis mel. .... 
Cantharis . . . 
Cubeba . 
Bpigea rep. . . . 
Equisetum hyem. 
Fabiana imb. . . . 
Galium ,,.-',-» 



• 55 
. 101 

in 
. 119 
. 188 
.238 

256 
.252 
.'268 

>279 



Jacaranda car 316 

Lithium benz. . . 342 

Methylene blue . . . 366 

Pichi 413 

Piper methys 414 

Sabal ser 440 

Salix nig 443 

Terebinthinuin . . . 489 
Thlaspi bursa past. . . 492 
Triticum rep. . . . 499 
II ro tropin . . 502 

Uva ursi . 504 

Veratrum vir. . . -. . . 504 

Deafness, Vascular. 
Ferrum pic. . . . . .279 

Debility. 
Acidum acet. .... 54 

Acidum sulph 75 

Avena sat 151 

Calcarea phos. .... 181 
Cinchona off. . . .214 

Curare 244 

Cypripedium pub. 245 

Ferrum acet 272 

Kali hypophos. . . . . 325 

Kali phos. 329 

Natrum carb. ... . . 378 

Strychninum arsen. . 477 
Strychuinum phos. . 478 
Zincum phos. ... . 519 

Delirium. . 

Anhalonium ■•.. . . 112 
Belladonna . . . 158 

Capsicum 190 

Cuprum arsen 241 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



535 



Hyoscin hydrobrom. . 305 

Sabadilla 439 

. Stramonium 473 

Delirium Tremens. 

Agaricus mus 88 

Chloralum 209 

Cocainum 220 

Cypripedium pub. . . 245 

Kali brom 321 

L,actuca vir 337 

Nuv vom 387 

Ranunculus bulb. . . 430 



Dengue. 

Baptisia . . 
Cimicifuga . . . . 
Echinacea ... 
Eupatorium perf. 
Gelsemium semp. 
Rhus tox. . 

Dentition. 

Chamomilla . . . 
Kreosotum. . . 
Phytolacca dec. , 



154 
21 

253 
264 
281 
424 

202 

333 
412 



Diabetes. 

Acidum acet 54 

Acidum lact 64 

Acidum phos 70 

Argentum nit 127 

Codeinum 223 

Lac deflor 335 

Phlorizin ... . . . 408 

Rhus arom. ..... 432 

Syzygium jamb. . . . 484 

Uranium nit. ... . .501 

Vanadium 506 



DIAPHRAGMITIS . 

Cactus grand 173 

DlARRHCEA. 

Acidum phos. . . 

Aloe 

Alstonia constricta 
Amygdalus Per. . 
Antinioniuni crud. 
Aphis chen. glauci 
Arnica mont. . 
Arsenicum alb. 
Arundo maur. 
Asclepias tub. 
Baptisia tinct. 
Bryonia alba . 
Calcarea carb. 
Capsicum 
Chamomilla 
Chininum ars. 
Cinchona off. 
Colocynthis . 

Coto 

Crotontig. . . 
Cuprum ars. . 
Cuprum met. . 
Dulcamara . 
Euonymus atro 
Euphorbium . 
Ferrum . . . 
Ferrum sulph. 
Gambogia . . 
Graphites . 
Gratiola . . . 
Helleborus nig. 
Heuchera Amer, 
Ipecac 



536 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



Iris vers. . . . 
Jalapa .... 
Jatropha cur. . 
Juglans cin. . 
Iyachesis . . . 
L,ycopus Virg. 
Mercurius dul. . 
Mercurius sulph, 
Mercurius viv. . 
Natrum phos. . 
Natrum sulph. . 
Nuphar lut. . . 
Nux mosch. . 
Oenothera bien. 
Opuntia vulg. . 
Oreodaphne Cal. 
Pancreatinum 
Pepsinum . . . 
Phosphorus . . . 
Podophyllum pelt. 
Pulsatilla nig. 
Pyrogenium . 
Raphanus sat. 
Rheum . . . 
Ricinus com. . 
Rubus vill. . 
Rumex crisp. 
Scammonium 
Secale corn. . 
Senna .... 
Strontiana carb 
Sulphur . . 
Tabacum . . 
Thuya oc. . 
Trillium pend. 
Triosteum perf. 
Trichosanthes 



314 
316 

3 X 7 

3*7 
335 
348 
360 
363 
364 
381 
383 
385 
386 

39i 
39 6 
397 
401 
405 
408 
419 

425 
428 

43i 
43i 
435 
437 
437 
448 
450 
454 
474 
480. 
485 
494 
497 
498 
499 



Upas antiar 500 

Veratrum alb. ... 507 

Diarrhoea, Chronic. 

Aloe . . 94 

Argentum nit 127 

Boletus lar 165 

Cascarilla 195 

Coto 234 

Ferrum mur. . . . 274 

Geranium mac 282 

Haematoxylon Cam. . 292 

Psorinum 424 

Sulphur 480 

Diathesis, Cancerous. 
Trifolium prat. . . . 496 

Diathesis, Hemor- 
rhagic. 

Kreosotum 333 

Mucuna prur 372 

Diathesis, Rheumatic. 

Colchicum aut 225 

Ledum pal 339 

Yoloxochitl . . . . 516 

Diathesis, Tubercu- 
lar. 

Bacillinum 152 

Rumex crisp 437 

Spongia tosta . . 468 

Diathesis, Uric Acid. 
Acidum benz. .... 55 
Fabiana imbricata . . 268 

Ocimum can 390 

Pichi , . 413 



CUNICAI, INDEX. 



537 



Diphtheria. 
Acid um carb. 
Acidum chrom. 
Ammonium caust 
Apis mell. . . . 
Arsenicum alb. 
Arum tri. . . . 
Baptisia tinct. 
Bromium . 
Capsicum . . . 
Diphtherinum 
Echinacea angu: 
Kali mur. . 
Lac can. . . . 
Lachesis . . . 
Lycopodium . . 
Mercurius cyan. 
Mercurius jod. flavus 
Mercurius iod. ruber 

Natrum ars 

Phytolacca dec. . 
Vinca minor .... 



60 
104 
119 
132 
140 

154 
168 
190 
249 
253 
327 
334 
335 
347 
359 
360 
361 

377 
412 

513 



Dipsomania. 

Capsicum 190 

Ouercus gland, spirit. 429 

Sterculia ac 470 

Strychininum nit. . . 478 

Diseases of the Eye. 
Acidum nit. ..... 65 

Aurum met 149 

Belladonna 158 

Causticum 199 

Cedron 300 

Eserinum ...... 260 

Formica rufa 277 

Glandulce supra, sic. . 283 
35 



Hepar sulph. cal. . . 298 

Kali mur 337 

Lithium carb 343 

Pulsatilla nig 435 

Diseases of the Skin. 
Anagallis arv. . .111 

Anantherum . . . .111 

Apis mell 1 19 

Arctium lap 125 

Arnica mont. . . . . .131 

Arsenicum iod. . 137 

Bacillinum . . . . 152 

Berberis aqui 162 

Chrysarobinum . . 211 

Cicuta virosa 211 

Dulcamara 252 

Eugenia jambos . . . 262 
Galium aparine . . . 279 
Hepar sulph. cal. . . 289 

Hoang nan 301 

Icthyolum 307 

Juglans cin 317 

Jiiglans reg 318 

Kali ars. 319 

Mentha pip 356 

Pix liquida 416 

Ranunculus seel. . . . 430 

Rhus tox 433 

Scrophularia nod. . . 449 

Sulphur 482 

Sulphur iod. . . 482 
Taxus baccata .... 487 
Thuja 493 

Dropsy. 

xAsclepias cornuti . . . 144 
Blatta Amer 164 



538 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Collinsonia Can. . . . 226 

Digitalis 247 

Kquisetum hyem. . . 257 
Helleborus nig. . . 295 

Jaborandi 315 

Juniperus Vir 318 

Magnesia sulph. . . 351 
Oniscus asel ..... 393 
Qnercns gland, spirit. 429 

Senecio 453 

Urea 501 



Dysmenorrhea. 



Dysentery. 

Aconitnm nap. . 
Ailanthus gland. 
Alstonia scholar^ 
Arnygdalus Per. 
Arsenicum alb. 
Asclepias tub. . 
Baptisia tinct. . 
Colchicuni ant. 
Collinsonia Can. 
Coto ..... 
Cubeba .... 
Cuprum ars. . . 
Hsematoxylon Cam 
Ipecacuanha . . 
Juglans cin. . . 
Magnesia sulph. 
Mercurius dulc. 
Mercurius corr. 
Mercurius viv. . 
Monsonia . . . 
Nux voni. . . 
Tanacetum vul. 
Thrombidium . 
Trillium pend. . 



78 
90 
96 
108 
132 
145 
154 
225 
226 

'234 
238 
241 
292 
512 
3 J 7 
34i 
360 
362 
364 
37o 
387 
485 
492 

497 



Antipyrinum . . 


. 118 


Brachy glottis . . 


. 168 


Cerium ox. . . 


. 202 


Collinsonia Can. . 


. 226 


Cyclamen .... 


245 


Gelsemium semp. 


. 280 


Magnesia phos. . 


• 351 


Mitchella rep. . . 


• 369 


Piscidia ery. . . 


- 415 


Pulsatilla nig. . . 


• 425 


Tanacetum vul. . 


• .485 


Tarantula his. 


. 486 


Ustilago may . . . 


• 504 


Viburnum prun. . 


• • 512 



Dysmenorrhea, Neu- 
. ralgic. 

Apiol 407 

Dioscorea vill 249 

Viburnum op 511 

Xanthoxylum frax. . . 515 

Dyspepsia. 

Abies Can 50 

Abies nigra 51 

Acidum sal 74 

Arnygdalus Per. . . .108 
Caladium seg. . . .176 

Calcarea phos 181 

Carbo veg 192 

Cascarilla 195 

Glandulae supra, sic. . 283 

Homarus 301 

Kali bichr 320 

Kali carb. ...... 322 

Kali mur 327 

Nabalus alb 375 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



539 



Natrum mur. 
Nux mos. . . 
Phosphorus . . 
Sabbatia angu. . 
Sepia ... 
Sulphur .... 
Thea Chinensis 

Dyspepsia, Atonic 
Capsicum 
Eucalyptus . 
Juglans cin. 
Magnolia grand 
Nux vom. . . 
Papaya vul. ! . 
Petroleum . . . 
Quassia amara . 
Strychninum . 
Zingiber off. . 



Dyspepsia, Nervous 

Aurum mur. nat. 
Cuprum ars. 
Helonias ." . . 
Niccolum 
Panax .... 



Dysuria. 



379 
388 
408 
440 
457 
481 

491 



190 
260 
317 
352 
386 
402 

405 
429 

477 
53i 



. 150 
. 241 
. 296 



401 



Cantharis 188 

Chimaphila umb. . . 206 

Epigea rep 256 

Equisetum hyeni. . . . 257 
Eupatorium pur. . 264 

Fabiana imb 268 

Galium apar 279 

Juncus eff. ...... 318 

Prunus spin 423 

Santoninum 446 



Solidago virg 464 

Thlaspi bur. pas. . . . 492 
Triticum rep. ... 498 
Uva ursi 504 

Ear, Inflammation. 

Glandulse supra, sic. . 283 
Kali mur 327 

Earache. 

Aconitumnap 78 

Chamomilla 205 

Plantago maj 416 

Pulsatilla 425 



Ecchymosis. 
Chloralum . 



209 



Eclampsia. 

Ignatia amar. . . . 308 

Melilotus alb 355 

Zineumcyan. ... 517 

Eczema. 

Arctium lap. . . 125 

Arsenicum alb 132 

Arundo maur 141 

Aurum met 149 

Berberis aqui 162 

Bovista . . . .167 

Calcarea sulph 183 

Cantharis 188 

Chrysarobinurn . . .211 

Cicuta vir 211 

Clematis erec. ... 218 

Cornus alter 232 

Croton tig 273 

Graphites 278 



54o 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Hoang nan . . . 301 

Hydrastis Canad. . . . 303 
Hydrocotyle Asiat. . . 304 

Ichthyolum 307 

Kaliars 319 

Natrum mur 379 

Oleander 392 

Petroleum ... 405 

Psorinum 424 

Rhus ven. ...... 435 

Scrophularia nod. . . 449 
Skookum chuck . . 461 

Tellurium 488 

Vinca min. . . .512 

Viola trie. ..... 513 

Effusions, Dropsical. 
Helleborus nig. . . . 295 

Jaborandi 315 

Sambucus nig. . 444 
Urtica urens 502 

Elephantiasis. 

Cantharis 188 

Elaeis guin 254 

Hydrocotyle Asiat. . . 304 
Myristica seb 374 

Emaciation. 

Plumbum met. . 418 



Emissions, Seminal. 
Cereus serp. . 
Cinchona off. 
Cypripedium 
Digitalis . . . 
Dioscorea vill 
Gelsemium semp. 



. 202 
214 
• 245 
■ 247 
. 249 
. 280 



Indium met 309 

Iyupulus 364 

Salix nigra 443 

Emphyema. 

Hepar sulph 289 

Emphysema. 

Antimonium 112 

Arsenicum alb 133 

Curare 244 

Lobelia 344 

Naphthalinum .... 376 
Tartar emet 116 

Endocarditis. 

Aconitum 80 

Convallaria inaj. . . 230 

Lithium carb 343 

Magnolia grand. . . 352 

Naja tri 375 

Spigelia 466 

Enteralgia. 

Chamomilla 203 

Cina 214 

Colocynthis ..... 222 

Dioscorea 249 

Magnesia phos. . . .351 
Nux vomica . ... 387 
Papaya vul. .... 402 

Enteritis. 

Aconitum nap 78 

Argentum nit 127 

Cantharis ... 197 

Colocynthis .... 277 

Cuprum ars 241 

Magnesia carb. . 349 

Mercurius corr. . . 363 



CUNICAI, INDEX. 



541 



Enuresis. 

Ammonium val. 
Ferrum phos. . . 
Gelsemium semp. 

Kali phos 

Linaria vul. . . . 
Santoninum . . 

Enuresis, Nocturnal 
Causticum . . . 
Cubeba .... 
Equisetum hyem 

Ferrum 

Piper me thy. 
Plantago maj. . 
Rhus arom. . 
Sanicula .... 
Verbascum thap. 



Epididymitis. 
Clematis erec. . 
Pulsatilla . . . 
Rhododendron 
Spongia tosta . 

Epilepsy. 

Absinthium . . 
Acidum hydroc. 
Agaricus mus. . 
Ammonium brom. 
Amyl nitris 
Argentum nit. 
Artemisia vul. 
Bufo rana . . 
Calcarea ars. . 
Carnphora mon. 
Caulophyllum 
Chloralum . . 



107 
274 
280 

329 
342 
446 



199 

238 

257 
270 

414 
146 
432 
446 



. 218 
. . 426 

• • 432 

. . 468 



52 

63 
88 
102 
109 
127 

139 
172 
176 

185 
198 
209 



Cicuta vir. . . 
Cotyledon 
Cypripedium pub 
Ignatia amar. 
Kali brom. . . . 
Lithium brom. 
Melilotus alb. . 
Natrum sulph. . 
CEnanthe croc. 
Solanum Carol. 
Thaspium aur. 
Viburnum prun 
Viscum alb. . . 

Epistaxis. 
Ferrum acet. . 
Hamamelis . 
Urtica ur 



Erethism, Nervous. 
Carnphora mono. . . 
Clematis ere eta . . 
Strychninum val. . . 

Erotomania. 

Origanum vul. . . . 
Salix nig 

Erysipelas. 
Acidum bor. 
Anthracinum 
Apis me 11. . . 
Belladonna . 
Cantharis 
Commocladia dent. 
Euphorbia lat. 
Euphorbium . . . 
Graphites ... 



211 
234 
245 
307 
321 
342 
355 
383 
39i 
462 
491 
512 
514 



272 
292 
502 



185 
218 

479 



597 
443 



57 
117 
119 
160 
188 
228 
266 
266 
287 



542 



Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



Gymnocladus .... 291 

Ivachesis 335 

Medusa 354 

Rhus tox. ... 433 

Rhus ven 435 

Stramonium 473 

Urtica ur 502 

Erythema. 

Acidum bor 57 

Antipyrinum 118 

Belladonna . . . . 159 

Chloralum 209 

Euphorbia lath. . . . 266 

Mancinella 353 

Rhus ven 435 

Exophthalmos. 

Belladonna 159 

Ferrum iod 273 

Ivycopus Virg 348 

Spigelia ..... 466 

Exostosis. 

Calcarea fluor 179 

Heclalava 294 

Failing Compensation. 
Adonis vern. . 



Crataegus oxy. 
Digitalis . . 
Sparteine 
Strophanthus . 



235 
248 

465 
475 



Faints. 

Lac deflor 335 

Iyiharia vulg 342 



Fever, Bilious. 

Crotalus hor 236 

Eupatorium perf. . .. 264 
Nyctanthes . . . 389 

Fever, Catarrhal. 

Aconitum nap 80 

Belladonna 158 

Bryonia alb 169 

Echinacea ang 253 

Gelsemium semp. . . 280 

Justicia ad 319 

L,ycopus Vir. . . . 348 

Nux vom 387 

Nymphaea odor. . . . 390 

Phosphorus 408 

Sabbatia ang 440 

Fever, Hectic. 

Acidum acet. . . . .. . 54 

Balsamum Per 153 

Chininum ars 207 

Eucalyptus 260 

Hepar sulph 299 

Silicea 460 

Fever, Intermittent. 

Canchalagua 186 

Capsicum 190 

Cedron 200 

Cephalanthus occ. . . 201 

Chelone glab 205 

Chininum ars. . . 206 

Chininum sulph. . . . 208 

Cimex lee 212 

Cina 212 

Cinchona off 214 

Eucalyptus glob. . . . 260 



CUNICAI, INDEX. 



543 



Eupatorium perf. . . 264 
Eupatoriutn pur. . . ■. 264 
Ferrum ..... 270 

Gelseinium semp. . 280 
Gymnocladus .... 291 

Ipecacuanha 312 

Kaliars 319 

Magnolia grand. . . .352 

Natrum mur 379 

Nyctanthes 389 

Polygonum avic. . . . 420 

Polyporus pin 421 

Rhus tox 433 

Salix alb 442 

Fever, Remittent. 

Cina .......... 214 

Gelsemium semp. . . 280 
Nyctanthes 389 



Fever, Scarlet. 
Acidum carbol. 
Aconitum nap. 
Ailanthus gland. 
Ammonium carb. 
Apis rnell. . . . 
Arum tri. . . . 
Belladonna 
Capsicum . . 
Gelsemium semp 
Rhus tox. . 

Fever, Typhoid. 
Acidum hydro. 
Acidum phos. . 
Agaricus mus. . 
Arnica mont. 
Arsenicum alb, 



do 
78 
90 
102 
119 
140 
160 
190 
281 
433 



61 

70 

88 

131 
132 



Baptisia tine. 
Bryonia alb. . . 
Cuprum ars. . . 
Echinacea ang. 
Eucalyptus glob. 
Gelsemium semp 
Gymnocladus 
Iodiuni . . 
Kali phos. . 
Mercurius . 
Rhus tox. . 
Terebinthina 



154 
169 
241 

253 
260 
280 
291 
3ii 
329 
363 
433 
489 



Fever, Typhus. 

Baptisia tine 154 

Belladonna 159 

Hydrochlor. acid . . . 299 
Hyoscyamus .... 305 

Fever, Yei^ow. 

Aconitum 80 



Argentum nit. 
Arsenicum hydro. 
Belladonna . . . 
Cadmium sulph. 
Crotalus hor. . . 
Lachesis 



129 
137 
158 
174 
236 
336 



Fissure. 

Graphites 288 

Krameria 333 

Natrum mur 381 

Pseonia off 400 

Petroleum 406 

FLATULENCE. 

Cinchona off 214 

Eucalyptus glob. . . 260 



544 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Kupatorium arom. 263 

Momordica bal. 370 

Furuncles. 

Arnica mont 133 

Belladonna 159 

Echinacea ang. . . 253 

Hepar snlph 298 

Mercurius 364 

Sulphur 481 

Silicea 459 

Ga^ACTAGOGUE. 

Agnus cast 90 

Ricinus com 435 

Gai^-Stones. 

Carduus mar. . . . .194 
Chelidonium maj. . . 203 

Cinchona* off 214 

Dioscorea vill 249 

Hydrastis Can. . . . 303 

Gangrene. 

Secale cor. . . 



Gastralgia. 

Abrotanum .... 
Acidum acet. . . . 
Acidum hydrocy. 

Acidum sul 

Acidum sul. aromat. 
Amygdalus Per. . . 
Anacardium orient. 
Argentum nit. . . . 
Arsenicum album . 
Atropinum 
Bismuthum subnit. . 
Bryonia alb. . . 
Cochlearia . . 



45o 

52 

54 

63 

75 

77 

108 

no 

127 

132 

148 

163 

169 

223 



Conium mac. 
Cuprum arsen. 
Echinacea ang. 
Ferrum jod. . 
Ignatia amara. 
Iodium . . . 
Mentha pip. . 
Nux vom. . ; 
Panacea aza. . 
Papaya vul. 
Quassia amara 
Ranunculus seel, 
Valeriana off. . 
Veratrum alb. . 



Gastritis, Acute. 
Antimonium crud. 
Arsenicum alb. 
Asarum Burop. . 
Bismuthum subnit 
Chelidonium maj. 
Chelone glab. . . 
Collinsonia Can. . 
Condurango . . . 
Geranium mac. 
Ingluvin . . . 
Kreosotum . . . 

Lobelia 

Papaya vul. . . 

Gastritis, Chronic, 
Argentum nit. . 
Helonias dio. . 
Nux vom. 

Gastro-Knteritis 
Acidum tart. 
Antimonium tart 
Asarum Can. 



77 
115 
142 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



545 



Aurum mur. . . 
Cuprum ars. 
Cuprum met. 
Kuphorbium 
Heuchera Amer. 
Iris vers. 
Mercurius tan. 
Podophyllum pelt. 
Rumex acet. . . 



150 
241 

243 
266 
300 
3M 
363 
419 

437 



Glands. 

Ferrum 270 

L,iatris spic 340 

Medorrhinuni .... 354 
Petroselinum sat. . . 406 

Piper methy 414 

Sepia ........ 457 

Spiraea ulm 466 

Glossitis. 

Aconitum nap. ... 78 

Apis mel 119 

Chlorum 210 

Glycosuria. 

Moschus 317 

Goitre. 

Baryta iod 157 

Bromium 168 

Iodium 311 

Lapis alb 337 

Spongia tosta .... 468 
Thyroidinum . . 494 

Goitre, Exophthalmic. 

Belladonna 158 

Duboisia 252 

Ephedra vul 255 



Ferrum iod. . . 
Fucus ves. 
Lycopus Vir. . . 
Spigelia . . . 
Strophanthus hisp. 
Veratrum vir. . . 



Gonorrhoea. 
Aconitum nap. . 
Armoracea sat. . 
Cannabis Ind. . 
Cannabis sat. 
Chimaphila umb 
Clematis .... 
Copaiba . . . 
Fabiana imbr. . 
Hamamelis . . 
Jacaranda car. . 
Liatris spi. . . . 
Medorrhinum . 
Mercurius nit . 
Mercurius sub. . 
Methylene blue 
Naphthalinum 
Natrum sulph. 
Oleum santali 
Pichi ... 
Piper methy. . 
vSalix nigra . 
Sarsaparilla 
Stigmata may. 
Thuja occ. . . 
Tussilago pet. 
Yucca fil. . . 



273 
279 

349 

466 
476 
509 



130 

186 
186 
206 
218 
231 
268 
292 
316 
340 
354 
361 
362 
366 
376 
383 
393 
413 
414 
443 
448 
472 

493 
500 
5i6 



Gout. 

Abrotanum 52 

Acidum benz 55 



546 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Ammonium benz. 
Ammonium phos. 
Colcliicum aut. . 
Formica rufa . 
Kali sil. . . . 
Kalmia lat. . . 
Ledum pal. . 
Lithium carb. 
Medorrhinum 
Piperazinum . 
Primula veris 
Rhododendron 
Sabina .... 
Urtica urens . 



. 101 
. 107 

• 225 

• 177 

• 330 
33i 

• 339 
343 

• 354 
413 

• 423 

• 432 

• 44i 

• 502 



HEMATEMESIS. 
Hamamelis 
Phosphorus . 
Urtica urens . 



292 
408 
502 



HEMATURIA. 

Acidum gall 61 

Amygdalus Per. . . . 108 
Chimaphila urn. . . 206 
Hamamelis . . 292 
Millefolium ..... 368 
Mucuna urens . . 372 
Rhus arom 432 

Hemophilia. 

Crotalus 237 

Glandulse supra, sic. . 283 
Hamamelis . . . . . 292 

L,achesis 335 

Secale 451 

HEMOPTYSIS. 

Aconitum nap 78 

Ferrum acet 272 



Ferrum phos 274 

Geranium mac. . . 282 

Hamamelis 292 

Millefolium 368 

Trillium pend 497 



Hemorrhage. 

Arnica 

Cactus grand. 
Caulophyllum . 
Cinchona off. . 
Collinsonia Can. 
Crotalus horr. . 
Geranium mac. 
Ipecacuanha . . 
Lycopus Vir. 
Millefolium . . 
Sabina ... 



131 
175 
198 
214 
226 
236 
282 
312 
348 
368 
441 



Hemorrhage, Pul- 
monary. 



Aconitum nap. 
Ferrum phos. 
Geranium . . 
Ipecacuanha . 
Millefolium . 
Phosphorus . 
Rhus arom. 



Hemorrhage, Blad- 
der. 

Amygdalus Per. 
Geranium . . . 

Hamamelis .... 



HEMORRHAGE, CERE- 
BRAL. 



Arnica mont. 
Belladonna 



81 

275 
282 
312 
368 
409 
432 



108 
282 
292 



131 
'59 



CWNICAI, INDEX. 



547 



Hamamelis 
Opium . . 
Secale ... . 
Veratrum vir. 



292 
395 
45o 
509 



HEMORRHAGE, PASSIVE. 

Rhus arom. . . 432 

Secale corn. ... 450 

Hemorrhage, Post- 
partum. 

Cyclamen 245 

Ipecacuanha . . . 312 
Strychninum 477 

Hemorrhage, Pur- 
pura. 

Crotalus horr. . . . 236 



Hemorrhage, Ute- 


• 4^ 


rine. 




Acidum nit 


• 05 


Cinnamomum . . . 


. 217 


Crocus sat 


. 236 


Ergotinum .... 


•258 


Krigeron Can. . . 


•258 


Erodium cicu. . . 


259 


Haematoxvlon Cam. 


. 292 


Secale corn 


• 450 


Thlaspi bur. . . . 


■ 492 


Trillium pend. . . 


497 


Viburnum prun. . . 


• 512 


Vinca minor .... 


• 513 



Hay Fever. 

Allium cepa 
Ambrosia art. . 
Aralia rac. ... 
Arsenicum iod. 
Arundo maur. 
Cuprum arsen. . 
Glandulse supra, sic. 
Grindelia rob. . . 
Lycopersicum esc. 
Napthalinum . . 
Rosa Damas. . . 
■Sabadilla .... 



92 
100 
124 

137 
141 
241 
283 
289 
346 
376 
436 
439 



Hemorrhage, Venous. 
Hamamelis . . . . 292 



Headache. 

Acidum carbol. 
Acidum gallicum . 
Acidum phosphoric 
Acidum picricum 
Aconitum nap. . . 
Ammonium iod. 
Anagallis arv. . . . 
Aranea diad. . . 

Badiaga 

Baptisia tine. . . 
Baryta carb. . 
Bryonia alb. . . . 
Cactus grand. . 
Calcarea phos. 
Carnphora mon. 
Cannabis Ind. 
Castoreum . . 
Cedron . . 
Cinchona 
Cornus florida 
Elaps cora, . 



58 
. . 61 
um 70 
72 
78 
104 
in 
125 
152 
154 
156 
169 

173 
181 

185 
186 
196 
200 
214 
233 
254 



548 



Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



Kpiphegus Vir . 
Gelsemiuin semp 
Guarana .... 
Homarus . . . 
Hypericum 
Ignatia amara 
Ipecacuanha 
Kali iod. . 
Kali phos. . 
L,ac deflor. 
Iyachesis . . 
Naja tri. . . 
Natrum carb. 
Natrum mur. 
Nux vomica 
Oreodaphne Cal. 
Palladium . . 
Psorinum . . 
Pulsatilla nig. 
Sabadilla . . . 
Scutellaria lat. 
Sepia .... 



256 
280 
290 
301 

306 

507 
312 
326 
329 
335 
335 
375 
378 
379 
387 
397 
400 
424 
425 
439 
45o 
455 



Headache, Catarrhal. 



Aconitum nap. 
Ammonium . 
Ammonium brom, 
Aurum mur. nat. 
Belladonna . . . 
Glonoinum . . . 
Hydrophobinum 
Melilotus alba . 
Niccolum brom. 
Secale cor. . . . 
Senecio aur. . . 
Sticta pul. . . . 
Thuja .... 



100 
102 

150 

159 
284 

3o5 
355 
384 
45o 

453 
471 



Headachk, Nervous. 
Acetanalidum ... - 53 
Antipyrinum . . .118 

Belladonna .158 

Boletus lar 165 

Cataria nep 197 

Clematis erec. .218 

Kpiphegus Vir 256 

Gelsemium. . . 281 

Melilotus alb. . . . 355 



Headache, Neuralgic. 
Ammonium valer. 
Coccinella sept. . 
Niccolum brom.' 
Phellandrium aqua 
Spigelia .... 



107 
221 

384 
407 
466 
Stannum 469 



Headache, Occipital. 
Acidum pic. . . 
Cereus Bon. . . 

Coca 

Gelsemium . 
Rhus glabra . . 



73 
201 
219 
281 

433 



494 



Headache, Periodical. 
Ammonium pic. . . . 107 

Arsenicum 132 

Chionanthus Virgin. . 209 
Kpiphegus Vir. . .256 
Iris vers. . .... 314 

Kali bichrom 320 

Kali cyan 324 

Niccolum 384 

Sanguinaria Can. . . . 444 
Silicea 459 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



549 



Sulphur 481 

Theridion 491 

Zincum val. .... 520 

Heart, Dilatation. 

Apocynum can. . . . 122 

Cactus grand 173 

Convallaria maj. . . . 230 

Crataegus oxy 235 

Digitalis 247 

Glonoinum 284 

Naja tri 375 

Sparteine 464 

Stigmata may 472 

Strophanthus hisp. . . 475 

Heart, Functional 
Disturbances. 
Ammonium caust. . . 104 
Ammonium val. . . 107 
Crataegus oxy. ... 235 

Grindelia rob 289 

Iberis am 306 

Kali fer 324 

Lilium tig 341 

Lycopus Vir. . . . 348 

Naja tri 375 

Ovi gall, pell 398 

Phaseolus nana .... 407 

Sparteine 464 

Strychninum .... 477 
Vanadium . ... 506 



Heart, Hypertrophy 
Arnica mont. . . 
Cereus Bon. . . . 
Crataegus oxy. . . 
Lycopus Vir. . . . 



131 
201 

235 
348 



Naja trip 375 

Rhus tox . . 433 

Hemicrania. 

Chenopodium anth. . 205 
Lac deflor 335 

Hemiplegia. 

Oleander 392 



Hemiopia, Vertical. 
Titanium 



Hemoglobinuria. 
Acidum pic. . . 

Hemorrhoids. 

Acidum hydroehlor 
.^sculus gla. . 
^sculus hip. . . 

Aloes 

Ammonium mur. . 
Collinsonia Can. . 
Hamamelis . . . 
Alucuna urens . . 
Nux vom. . . . 
Paeonia off. 
Wyethia hel. . . 



495 



72 



61 



95 
105 
226 
292 

372 

3*7 
400 

514 



Hepatic Cirrhosis. 

Acidum nit 68 

Aurum mur. nat. . . . 150 
Phosphorus .... 410 
Strophanthus hisp. . . 475 



Hepatitis. 

Acidum nit. . . 
Actaea ^pic. . . 
Apocynum and. 



68 



55o 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Berberis vul. 
Chelidonium inaj 
Cholesterinum 
Hepar sulph. 
Mercurius viv. 
Phosphorus . 
Veratrum vir. 



Herpes Zoster. 
Anantherum . . 
Argentum nit. 
Carboneum oxy. 
Mentha pip. . . 
Mezereuin . . . 
Petroleum . . . 
Ranunculus bul. 
Rhus tox. . . 
Sempervivum tec 



Hiccough. 

Ranunculus bulb. 

Hydrocele. 

Apis mel 



Hydrocephalus. 
Calcarea carb. . , 

Hydronephrosis. 
Eucalyptus glob. . , 

Hydrothorax. 
Adonis ver. ... 
Ammonium carb. 
Mercurius sulph. 

Hyperemia, Brain. 
Aconitum nap. . . , 
Belladonna . . 
Glonoinum . . 



162 
203 
210 

298 

364 
408 

509 



in 
127 

J 93 
356 
367 
405 
430 
434 
453 



430 
119 

• 177 
. 260 

84 
. 102 

362 

80 

. 159 
. 284 



Hyperemia, Kidney. 
Juniper vir. ..... 318 

Hyperemia, I^iver. 

Carduus mar 194 

Carlsbad sal. .". . . 195 
Buonymus atro. 262 

Hepatica 299 

Juglans cin 317 

Kali bichrom. . . . 320 

Leptandra 340 

I/ycopodium 347 

Magnesia mur 350 

Mercurius vivus . . 364 
Natrum sulph. . . 383 

Nux vom. . . . 387 

Podophyllum pelt. . . 419 
Polymnia uve. . .421 

Ptelea trif 424 

Ranunculus seel. . . 430 

Sepia 455 

Taraxacum ... 487 
Thrombidium .... 493 
Yucca fil 516 

Hyperesthesia. 

Cannabis Indica . 186 

Hyperchlorhydria. 

Atropinum 148 

Calcarea carb 177 

Natrum carb. . 378 

Phosphorus .... 409 
Robinia 436 

Hypochondriasis. 

Arsenicum alb. . . . 133 
Ignatia 307 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



♦551 



Natrum carb. .... 387 

Nux vom . 386 

Staphisagria 470 

Thaspium aur 491 



Hysteria. 

Acidum hydro. 



Artemisia vul. 
Asafoetida . . 
Castoreum . . 
Cataria nepeta 
Caulophyllum 
Crocus sat. 
Kupatorium arom 
Ferri val. . . . 
Gelserniuni . . 
Ignatia amara . 
Indigo ... 
Lilium tig. . . 
Magnesia inur. . 
Mentha pip. 
Moschus .... 
Nux nios. . . . 
Pothos fcetida . 
Salix nigra . . 
Sumbul 
Tarantula his. 
Thaspium aur. . 
Valeriana off. . 
Viburnum prun 
Zincum cvanat. 



Hysteria, Globus. 



63 
i39 
141 
196 
197 
198 
236 
263 
269 
280 
307 
309 
34i 
35o 
356 
37* 
386 
422 

443 
482 

485 
491 

505 
512 

517 



Aquilegia vul. . . 124 

Asafoetida 141 

Moschus 371 

Salix nigra . . . 443 



Ichthyosis. 

Arsenicum iod. . . 137 

Graphites 288 

CEnanthe croc 391 

Sulphur 481 

Thyroidin 494 

Impotence. 

Acidum phos 70 

Agnus castus . . 90 

Damiana 246 

Nuphar lut 385 

Sabal serr. ..... 439 

Impotence, Neuras- 
thenic. 
Ouosmodium Vir. . . 394 
Vohimbinum . . . .516 



Indigestion. 

JSthusa cyn. . . . 
Antimonium crud. 
Coca .... 
Kuonymus atro. 
Lycopodium . 
Mentha pip. . 
Pancreatinum 
Pepsinum . . 
Taraxacum 



07 
IJ 3 
219 
262 
347 
356 
401 
405 
487 



Influenza. 

Arsenicum alb. . . .132 
Arsenicum iod. . . . 137 
Arsenicum sul. rubrum 139 

Bryonia alb 169 

Eupatorium per. . . 264 
Gelserniuni .... 281 
Lobelia pur 345 



552, 



Blackwood's materia mkdica. 



L,ycopersicum . . 


■ • 346 


Sabadilla . . . 


• 439 


Triosteum per. . . 


498 


Insanity. 




Anacardium 


no 


Hyoscinae hydro. 


• 305 


Melilotus alba . 


■ 355 


Stramonium . . . 


• • 473 



Panax .... 
Pancreatinum 



. 401 
. 401 



Insomnia. 

Ammonium val. . . 107 

Avena sat 151 

Camphora mono. . , 185 
Cannabis Ind. . . . 186 
Cinchona off. 214 

Clematis erec 218 

Codeinum 223 

Coffea cruda .... 223 
Hyoscinae rrydro. . . 305 

Kali phos 329 

Lactuca vir 337 

L,ithiumbrom 342 

Opium 395 

Passiflora inc 404 

Piscidia ery 415 

Scutellaris lat 450 

Thea Chin. . . 491 

Trional 498 

Valeriana off 506 

Zincum val. .... 520 

Intestinal Antiseptic. 
Acidum camphor. . . 58 
Fell bovis 269 

Intestinal Derange- 
ment. 

Chininum ars 206 

Graphites 287 



Irido-Cyclitis. 

Prunus spinosa .... 423 

Irido-Choroiditis. 

Prunus spinosa . . 423 

Iritis. 

Kali iod 326 

Natrum salicylicum . 382 
Rhus tox. ...... 433 

Ischuria. 

Amygdalus Per. . . . 108 
Chimaphila umbel. . . 206 
Juncus eff 318 

Itching. 

Codeinum 223 

Dolichos pru. ... 250 



Jaundice. 




Acidum nit. . . 


• • 65 


Aconitum nap. . . 


78 


iBsculus hipp. . . 


. • 85 


Aloe . .... 


• • 94 



Carduus mar 194 

Chelidonium'. .... 203 
Chionanthus Vir. . . 209 

Cornus cir 233 

Digitalis 247 

Fell bovis 269 

Hydrastis Can 303 

Justicia adh. . . . . .319 

Lycopus Vir. . . 348 

Myrica cer 374 

Nux vom 387 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



553 



Keratitis. 

Chrvsarobinurn . . 



211 



Kidney, Surgical. 

Methylene blue . . 366 

Labor. 

Aconitum nap. . 78 

Caulophyllum thai. . . 198 

Cimicifuga 212 

Mitchella rep. . 369 

Secale cor 450 

Viburnum prun. . . 512 



Lachrymation. 
Kali iod. . 



326 



Lactation. 

Cinchona off 214 

Sepia 455 

Laryngeal, Para- 
lytic Affections. 
Causticum 199 

Laryngeal, Stridu- 
lus. 

Corallium rub. .... 232 



Laryngitis. 
Acidum acet. 
Ammonium iod. 
Apis mel. . . . 
Argentum met. . 
Agentum nit. . 
Capsicum . . 
Coccus cacti . . 
Collinsonia Can. 
Hippozaeninum 
36 



54 
104 
119 
126 
127 
190 
222 
226 
301 



Kaolinum 332 

Lachesis 335 

Manganum acet. . 353 

Osmium 397 

Phosphorus 408 

Selenium 452 



Leprosy. 




Calotropis 


.183 


Commocladia den. . 


. 228 


Curare 


• 244 


Hoang nan 


■ 301 


Hura Bras 


302 


Hydrastis Can. . . . 


• 303 


Hydrocotyle Asiat. 


• 304 


CEnanthe cro. . . 


• 391 


Piper meth 


414 


Leucocythamia. 




Acidum picricum 


72 


Calcarea carb. . . 


. 179 



Leucoderma. 

Arsenicum sul. flaw 

Leucorrhoea. 



• 139 



Acidum phos. . . 


. 70 


Agnus cast us . . 


. 90 


Aloe 


• 94 


Ammonium mur. . 


• 105 


Argentum met. . 


.136 


Asclepias incar. . 


■ 144 


Balsamum Peru. . 


• !53 


Berberis vul. . . 


. 162 


Bovista 


. 167 


Caulophyllum 


. 198 


Ceanothus .... 


200 


Cubeba 


238 



554 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Krigeron Can 258 

Kucalyptus glob. . .260 

Hedeoma 294 

Helonias di 296 

Iodium 311 

Kreosotum ..... 333 
Magnesia sulph. . 351 

Mercurius vivus . . . 364 

Murex pur 372 

Nabalus al 375 

Pulsatilla nig 425 

Senecio aur 453 

Sepia 457 

Stannum 469 

Thuja occ 493 

Tilia Kurop 495 

Trillium pen 497 

Urtica ur 502 

LICHEN. 

Kaliars. . . . . 319 

IvITHURKSIS, Rknai,. 

Stigmata may. ... .471 

IvIVKR, F^TTY. 

Phosphorus 408 

Vanadium 506 

Lochia. 

Kreosotum . . . 332 
Sepia . 457 

Lockjaw. 

Hypericum . . 306 

Locomotor Ataxia, 

Alumina 97 

Aluminum chlor. . . 99 



Argentum nit 127 

Arsenicum brom. . . .136 
Belladonna .... 158 

Cannabis Ind 186 

Plumbum met 418 

Secale cor 450 

Thallium 490 

Zincum phos. .519 

Lumbago. 
Acetanilidum .... 53 
Antimonium tar. . 115 
Cimicifuga .... 213 

Guaiacum 290 

Nux mos 387 

Rhus tox 433 

Spiranthes .... 467 

LlXMBRICARIA. 

Sabadilla 439 

Lupus. 

Hydrastis Can. . . . 303 
Hydrocotyle Asiat. . . 304 

Lyssophobia. 

Hydrophobinum . . 305 

Malaria. 

Alstonia con 96 

Alstonia scho 96 

Ammonium pic. - . 107 

Arsenicum 133 

Chininum sul 207 

Cornus cir 233 

Cornus flor. ..... 233 

Kucalyptus glob. . . . 260. 

Kuonymus atro, . 262 

Ferrum mur 274 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



555 



Kali ars. . . . • 
Menyanthes tri. 
Natrum mur. 
Piper nigrum 

Mania. 

Chloralum . . . 
Cirnicifuga . . 
Hyoscinae hydro. 
Kali phos. . . . 
L,achesis .... 
Lilium tig. . . 
Methylene blue 
Stramonium . . 
Veratrum alb. . 
Zincum phos. . 

Marasmus. 
Abrotanum . . 
Baryta carb. . . 
Cuprum ars. . . 
Magnesia carb. 
Oleum jec. ase. 
Pepsinum . . . 
Sarsaparilla 



Mastitis. 
Belladonna 
Bryonia alb. 
Graphites 



319 

357 
379 
415 



209 
212 
305 
329 

335 
34i 
366 

473 
507 
519 



Mastodyxia. 

Phellandrium aqua. 



Masturbation. 
Acidum phos. 
Agnus cast. 
Cinchona . . 



51 
156 
241 

349 
392 
405 
446 



158 
169 

287 



407 



70 

90 

215 



Jacaranda car 316 

Staphisagria 470 

Thuja occ. ...... 494 

Measles. 

Aconitumnap. ... 78 

Bryonia alb 169 

Camphora 184 

Gelsemium 281 

Pulsatilla 425 

Megrim. 

Anhalonium 112 

Arsenicum alb 132 

Calcarea acet 176 

Indium met 309 

Iris vers 314 

Menispermum Can. . . 355 
Oleum anim. . . . 392 
Onosmodium .... 394 

Sanguinaria 445 

Tongo. . . . .... 496 

Melancholia. 

Arsenicum 133 

Aurum met 149 

Aurum mur. nat. . . .150 

Belladonna 158 

Cirnicifuga 213 

Kali phos 329 

Lilium tig 341 

Melilotus alba ... 355 
Methylene blue . . 366 

Secale corn 450 

Thuja occ 494 

Veratrum alb 507 

Zincum phos. . . . 519 



556 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Meniere's Disease. 

Carboneum sul. . . 193 
Glonoinum .... 284 
Natrum sali 382 



Meningitis. 
Belladonna . . 
Helleborus nig. 
Hypericum 
Iodoformum . . 
Solanum nig. 
Zincum cyan. . 



158 
295 
306 
312 
463 
517 



Menorrhagia. 

Aloe ... .... 94 

Artemisia vul. . . 139 

Bovista 167 

Krodium 259 

Ferrum sul. . . . 276 

Helonias di 296 

Magnesia carb. . . . 349 
Millefolium . . . . 368 

Mitchella re 369 

Sabina 441 

Trillium pen 497 

Urtica ur 502 

Ustilago may 503 



Menstruation. 




Acidum phos. . . 


. 70 


Acidum sulph. 


. 75 


Aconitum nap, . . 


• 78 


Ammonium pic. . 


. 107 


Antipyrinum . . . 


. 118 


Apiol 


• 407 


Aralia rac 


124 


Asarum Caua. . . 


. 142 


Asclepias cor. . . 


. 144 



Avena sat . 151 

Berberis vul 162 

Calcarea carb. . . . .177 
Caulophyllum thai. . . 198 

Cimicifuga 212 

Collinsonia Can. . . . 226 

Ergotinum 258 

Ferrum ^ . 270 

Gossypium her. . . . 286 

Graphites 278 

Haematoxylon Cam. . 292 

Kali carb 322 

Kreosotum 333 

Magnesia carb 349 

Mitchella rep 369 

Natrum mur 379 

Nux moschata .... 386 

Paraffinum 402 

Platinum 417 

Pulex irr 425 

Pulsatilla nig 425 

Sabbatia ang 440 

Senecio aur 453 

Sepia 455 

Sulphur 481 

Thuja occ 494 

Viburnum prun. . . .512 
Xanthoxylum frax. . . 515 
Zincum met 518 

Mental Depression, 

Conium mac 229 

Mancinella ...... 353 

Mental Derange- 
ments. 
Apis mel. . 119 

Oxalis acet 398 

Panax 401 



CtlNICAL INDEX. 



557 



Metritis. 

Aurum mur. nat. 
Belladonna . 
Inula helen. . . 
Milium tig. . 
Tilia Europ. . . 
Veratrum vir. 



• 150 

158 

• 3 10 
441 

495 

• 509 



Metrorrhagia. 
Acidum nit. . . . 65 

Ferrum acet 272 

Sulphur 481 

Trillium pend. . . . 497 
Ustilago may 503 



Migraine. 




Coca ...... 


. 219 


Coffea cruda . 


223 


Lachnanthes . 


• • 337 


Methylene blue . 


■ 366 


Scutellaria lat. . . 


• 45o 


Verbascum thap. . 


509 


Mucous Patches. 




Mercurius nit. . . 


• .361 



Myalgia. 

Arnica mont 131 

Badiaga 152 

Kali nit. 328 

Myelitis. 

Abrotanum 52 

Acidum oxal 69 

Acidum pic. 72 

Argentum nit . . 127 
Lathy rus sat 338 



Myocarditis. 

Arsenicum alb. . 136 

Arsenicum iod. . 138 

Iberis amara 306 

Naja tri. ....... 375 

Myopia. 

Physostigma ven. . .411 



Myxcedema. 

Thyroidinum 



494 



Nausea. 

Amygdalus Per. . . 108 
Apomorphinae hydro. 123 

Arsenicum alb 122 

Cerium oxal. . . 202 

Cimicifuga 212 

Cucurbita pepo 239 

Cuprum ars. . ... 241 

Cuprum met 243 

Klaterium 255 

Ingluvin 310 

Ipecacuanha . . . .212 

Kali salicy 330 

Petroleum 405 

Piper nig 415 

Symphoricarpus rac. . 483 

Tabacum 485 

Triosteum per 498 

Valeriana off $06 

Nephralgia. 

Argentum nit. ... 127 
Berberisvul. . ... 162 

Nephritis. 

Acidum carbol. ... 58 
Apis mel. ..... 119 



558 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Armoracia . . . 
Arsenicum alb. 
Calcarea ars. . . 
Cantharis . . . 
Capsicum . . . 
Cuprum ars. . . 
Digitalis .... 
Eucalyptus glob. 
Ferrum jod. . . 
Liatris spi. . . . 
Mercurius corr. 
Methylene blue 
Ononis spin. . . 
Osmium . . 
Phosphorus . 
Piper meth. . . 
Plumbum metal. 
Senecio aur. . . 
Sulphonal . . 
Terebinthina . . 
Veratrum vir. . 



Nephritis, Intersti- 
tial. 

Aurum mur. . . 
Glonoinum . . 
Koch's lymph . 
Methylene blue 
Rhus aromat. 



Neuralgia. 
Ammonia pic. 
Argentum met 
Atropinum 
Baryta acet. 
Belladonna 
Chamomilla 
Cimicifuga 



130 
132 
176 
188 
190 
241 
247 
260 

273 
34o 
362 
366 
394 
397 
414 
418 
453 
479 
452 
489 
509 



150. 
282 

332 
366 
432 



107 

126 
148 
156 
153 
202 
212 



Cinchona off. . . .214 
Clematis erec. ... 218 

Codeinum 223 

Coffea crud. ..... 223 

Cornus flor. . . 233 

Cotyledon 224 

Gaultheria ... . . . 280 

Kali cyan 324 

Kalmia lat. ... . .331 

Medorrhinum .... 345 

Methylene blue . . . 366 
Mezereum . . . . . 367 

Oleum ani 392 

Piscidia ery. . . .415 

Taraxacum 487 

Verbascum thap. ... 509 

Viscum alb 514 

Zincum phos. .... 519 

Neuralgia, Ciliary 

Bryonia alb. ..... 169 

Cedron 200 

Cinnabaris 216 

Commocladia .... 228 
Natrum mur. . . 379 

Prunus spin 423 

Spigelia 466 

Neuralgia, Facial. 

Tilia Kurop 495 

Tongo 496 

Zincum valer 520 

Neuralgia, Ovarian. 
Antipyrinum .118 

Colocynthis . . . . .227 

Cuprum ars. . . . . .241 

Dioscorea viL . ' • • 249 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



559 



Haniamelis 292 

Naja tri 375 

Palladium 400 

Salix nigra .... 445 

Sumbul 482 

Xanthoxylum frax. .515 



Vanadium 506 

Veratrum alb. . . . 508 
Zincum met 518 

Neurasthenia, Sexual. 
Damiana 246 



Neuralgia, Periodi- 




\DdUdil >C1 


40^ 


cal. 




Neuritis. 




Boletus lar 


165 


Hypericum . , 


306 


Chelidonium ma. . 
Chionanthus Vir. 


203 
20Q 


Neurosis. 




Gelsemium . . . 


280 


Argentum nit. 


. . 127 


Neuralgia, Sciatic. 




Cuprum met. 
Ferrum cvan. . 


243 
273 


Colocvnthis .... 


227 


Magnesia plios. 


• • 351 


Gnaphalinum . . . 


. 286 


Phosphorus . . 


. . 408 






Zincum valer. . 


• • 520 



Neuralgia, Testicle. 

Hamamelis 292 

Ustilago may 504 



Neurasthenia. 
Acidum pic. . . 
Anhalonium . . 
Argentum nit. . 
Arsenicum alb. . 
Asarum Europ. 
Arena sat. . . 
Calcarea hypo. . 
Chionanthus Vir. 
Cobaltum 
Coca . . 
Indigo . 
Kali pho 
Lupulus 
Panax . 
Sumbul 



73 
112 
127 
132 
143 
151 
179 
209 
219 
219 
309 
329 
34-6 
401 
482 



Nipple. 

Castor equi 196 

Croton tig 237 

Bupatorium arom. . . 263 

Node. 

Kali ars. ...... 319 

Kali silicum . . . 330 
Phytolacca dec. 412 

Stillingia syl 472 

Nymphomania. 

Cantharis 188 

Dulcamara 252 

Mosclms 371 

Murex pur. ..... 372 

Platinum 417 

Salix nigra ...... 443 

Tarantula his, . ... ,486 



56o 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



Obesity. 
Aurum met. 
Blatta orient. 
Calcarea ars. 
Fucusves. . 



Graphites . 

OEDEMA. 

Apis mel. . . . 
Apocynum can. 
Cahinca .... 
Glandulae supra, sic 
Medusa .... 
Strychnin um ars. 
Thyroidinum . 

Odontalgia. 
Kreosotum . . 

Onychia. 

Acidum fluor. . 



149 
146 

176 
279 
288 



119 
122 

175 
,283 

354 
478 
494 



• 333 



Natrum salicyl. 
Spigelia . . 



.382 
466 



Opacities, Cornea. 

Cannabis sat 188 

Zincum sul 519 

Opisthotonos. 
Passiflora incar. . . . 404 

Opium Habit. 

Capsicum 190 

Opium Poisoning. 

Strychninum .... 477 

Ophthalmia. 
Argentum nit. ... 127 

Asarum Euro 143 

Euphrasia ....... 267 



Ophthalmia, Scrofu- 
lous. 

iEthiops ant 87 

Baryta iod 157 

Rhus tox 433 



Orchitis. 

Aconitum nap. 
Clematis . . . 
Hamamelis . . 
Pulsatilla nig. i 
Rhododendron 
Spongia tosta. . 

Orthopnea. 
Convallaria maj. 



78 
218 
292 
425 
432 
468 

230 



Osteitis. 

Calcarea fluor 199 

Hecla lava 294 

Stillingia syl. .... 472 

Otitis. 

Calcarea pic 182 

Skookum chuck . . 461 



Otorrhea. 
Acidum nit. . 
Calcarea sul. 
Viola odorata 



65 
183 
513 



Ovarian Congestion. 
Ivachesis .... 335 

Piscidia ery 415 

Naja tri 375 

Salix nigra 443 

Vespa era 510 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



561 



Ovarian Irritations. 

Apis mel 119 

Gelsemium senrp. . . 280 

Salix nigra 243 

Thuja occ 494 

Ovaritis. 

Aurum mur. nat. . . .150 
Hamamelis ..... 292 
Ye rat rum vir 509 

Oxaluria. 

Acidum ben 55 

Acidum nitrorrydroch. 68 

Kali hypo 325 

Senna .... . 454 



OZ^NA. 

Acidum nit 

Elaps cor 

Hippozseninum . . 

Palpitation of the 
Heart. 

Coca 

Collinsonia Cana. 
Convallaria maj. 
Crataegus oxy. . 
Digitalis . . . 
Eucalyptus glob. 
Lachesis 
Moschus . . . 
Scutellaria lat. . 
Spongia tosta . 
Sumbul . 
Tabacum . . . 
Thea Chin. . . 
Yeratrum alb. . 



o5 

245 
301 



. 219 

226 
230 
235 

■ 247 
260 

335 

■ 37i 
45o 
468 
482 
485 
491 
508 



Paralysis. 

Acidum pic 72 

Baryta acet 150 

Belladonna 158 

Camphora mon. . 185 

Capsicum 190 

Cocainum 220 

Cocculus Ind 221 

Conium mac 229 

Convallaria maj. . . . 230 

Cuprum met 243 

Curare 244 

Equisetuni hyem. . .257 
Ergotinum «... 258 
Erigeron Cana. . . 258 
Gelsemium semp. . . 280 

Hoang nan 301 

Lolium tern 345 

Oleander . . . 391 
Oxytropis Lam. . 399 

Physostigma ven. . 411 
Plumbum iod. . . 418 

Plumbum met. . 418 

Solaninum acet. . . . 462 

Solanum ves 464 

Strychninum ... 477 
Zincum phos. . . .519 
Zincum sul 519 



Paralysis, Agitans. 

Hyoscinas hydro. . 
Scutellaria lat. 
Zincum cvan. . . . 



Paranoia. 

Methylene blue 



305 
45o 
517 



366 



562 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



Paraplegia. 




Pharyngitis. 




Argentum nit. . . . 


. 127 


Alumina . . 


• • 97 


Lathy rus sat. . . . 


338 


Ammonium brom. 


. . 102 


Oleander 


• 391 


Apis mel 


. . 119 


Pellagra. 




Argentum nit. . . 
Belladonna . . . 


. . 127 

■ ■ 158 


Plumbum jod. . . . 


. 418 


Collinsonia Can. . 


. . 226 


Pelvic Diseases. 




Dolichos prur. . . 
Duboisia . . 


• • 250 

• .'252 


Medorrhinum 


• 354 


Gauiacum ... 


. . 290 


Pelvic Infiltration. 




Gymnocladus . . 
Homarus .... 


. . 291 
. . 301 


Magnesia sulph. 


35 1 


Kali mur. .... 


• ■ 327 


Pemphigus. 




Lachesis . ... 
Natrum salicy. . . 


• • 335 
. .382 


Caltha palus. . . 


. 184 


Phytolacca dec. . 


. . 412 


Carboneum 0x3^. 


• 193 


Sinapis nigra . . 


. . 461 


Raphanus sat. . . . 


43 1 


Wyethia helen. . 


• - 5i4 



Pericarditis. 

Aconitum 81 

Colchicum aut. . . .225 
Iberis amara . . . . . 306 

Spigelia 466 

Veratrum vir 509 

Periostitis. 

Hecla lava 294 

Manganum acet. . . . 353 
Stillingia syl 472 

Peritonitis. 

Abrotanum 52 

Aconitum nap 78 

Arsenicum alb. . . . 132 
Brachy glottis . . . .168 
Veratrum vir. .... 509 



Phlebitis. 

Hamamelis ..... 292 

Pulsatilla nig 425 

Vipera tor 514 

Phosphaturia. 

Acidum phos 70 

Kali hypo 325 

Urotropin 502 

Photophobia. 

Causticum 199 



Pleurisy. 
Apis mel. . 
Asclepias tuber. 
Bryonia alb. . . 
Cantharis . . • 
Ranunculus bul. 



119 

145 
169 
188 
430 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



563 



Scilla inar 449 

Veratruni vir 509 

PLEURODYNIA. 

Myrtus communis . . 374 
Ranunculus bul. . . . 430 
Yoloxochitl . ... 516 

Pneumonia. 

Acidumben 55 

Aconitumnap 81 

Chelidonium maj. . . 203 
Digitalis . . 247 

Hepar sul. cal. . 298 

Justicia adh 319 

Kali hypo. 325 

Kali mur. . 327 

Lachesis 335 

Lycopodium . . . . 347 
Phosphorus ..... 408 
Sanguinaria Can. . 444 

Sulphur 481 

Veratrum vir. ... 508 

Pneumonia, Broncho. 
Chelidonium maj. . .203 
Ferrum phos. . 274 

Kali sulph 330 

Koch's lymph . . 332 

Pneumonia, Croupous. 

Bryonia alb 169 

Iodium 311 

Poisoning, The Man- 
agement of. 

Acetanilid 20 

Acid carbolicum ... 23 
Acid hydrochloricum 24 



Acid hydrocyanicum 
Acid nitricum . . 
Acid oxalicum 
Acid sulphuricum 

Aconite 

Alcohol-Ethyl 
Alcohol-M ethyl-Wood 
Aluminum . . . 
Arsenicum . . . 
Antimony ... 
Antimony chloride 
Barium salts 
Belladonna 

Bromine 

Camphor . 
Cantharides . . . 
Carbon dioxide 
Caustic alkalies . 
Caustic carbonates 
Chloral hydrate 
Chlorine 



Coal gas 

Cocaine 

Colchicum ... 

Conium 

Copper . . 
Copper arsenite 
Croton oil ... 
Digitalis . ... 
Ferrum sulphate . 
Formaldehyde . . 
Gelsemium . . . 
Hydrogen sulphide 
Hyoscyamus . . . 

Iodine 

Iodoform . . 
Lead 



564 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Mercury 41 

Morphine 42 

Mushrooms 43 

Opium 42 

Paris green 29 

Phosphorus 44 

Potassium nitrate . . 45 

Ptomaines 45 

Rabies 45 

Rhus tox 46 

Santonin 47 

Stramonium ...... 31 

Strychnine 47 

Snake poison . . . .48 

Tartar emet. . . . . 30 

Tobacco 48 

Veratrum viride ... 48 

Zinc 49 

Polypus, Nasal. 

L,emna minor 340 

Sanguinaria Can. . . . 444 
Sanguinarinae nit. . . 445 
Teucrium mar. verum 490 

Polypus, Uterus. 

Teucrium mar. verum 490 
Thuja occ 493 

Polyuria. 

Acidum phos. .... 77 
Arctium lappa . . .125 
Helonias dio. . . . 296 
Moschus ....... 371 

Pregnancy. 

Caulophyllum . . . .198 
Collinsonia Can. . . . 226 



Mitchella rep. . . 
Nux mos. 

Sepia 

Strychninum phos. 

Priapism. 

Acidum pic. . . 
Cantharis . . . 

Moschus 

Onosmodium Vir. 
Salix nig. .... 



Proctalgia. 
Acidum nit. 

Prosopalgia. 
Spigelia . . . 
Spiritus aeth. nit. 

Prostate, 

Enlargement. 

Baryta carb. . . . 

Baryta iod 

Ferrum pic. . . 
Sabal ser. . . . 
Senecio aur. . . 



369 
386 

455 
478 



72 
188 
37i 
394 
443 

65 



466 

467 



156 
157 
275 
440 
453 



Prostate, 

Irritations. 
Barosma ere. . . 
Spiraea ulm. . . 

Prostatitis. 
^sculus hipp. 
Chimaphila umb. 

Cubeba 

Fabiana imb. 
Hippomanes . . 
Pichi 



155 

466 



85 
206 
238 
268 
300 
413 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



565 



Sabal ser. . . . 

Salix nig. . . . 

Selenium , . . 
Triticum rep. 

Prostration. 
Acidiim carbol. 
Acidum hydro. . 
Arsenicum alb. . 
Baptisia tine. 
Chininum ars. . 
Crotalus horr. . 
Gelsemium setup 
Kali phos. . . 
Natrum salicyl. 
Stannum . . 
Strychnin urn ars. 
Upas art. . . . 
Veratrum alb. . 



Prurigo. 
Hamamelis 
Hoang nan 
Rumex crisp. 
Sulphur . 



439 

443 
452 
499 



• 58 
. 61 

132 

• 154 
. 206 

• 236 
280 

329 
382 
469 
478 
500 
507 



Pruritus. 
Anantherum 
Caladium seg. . 
Collinsonia Can. 
Fagopyrum esc. 
Mentha pip. . . 



Pruritus, Vulvae. 
Methylene blue 
Platinum . . . . 
Tarantula Hisp. . 



292 
301 

437 
480 



hi 
176 
226 

268 

356 



366 
417 
486 



Psoriasis. 
Acid fluor. 
Ichthyolum . 
Kali ars. . . . 
Thyroidinum 

Pterygium. 
Krameria . . 



60 
307 
319 
494 



•332 



Ptomaine Poisoning. 
Arsenicum alb. . . . 134 

Echinacea ang 253 

Pyrogenium 428 



Ptosis. 
Morphium 



■ 37o 



PTYAUSM. 

Acid nit 66 

Mercurius dul 360 

Trifolium prat. . . 496 

Purpura. 

Acidum phos 70 

Pyelitis. 

Stigmata may 471 

Triticum rep 499 

Urotropin 502 



Pyonephrosis. 
Eucalyptus glob. . 



260 



Rachitis. 

Calcarea carb 177 

Calcarea iod 180 

Calcarea phos. . . .181 

Ferrum phos 274 

Kali hypo 325 



566 



Blackwood's materia msdica. 



Medorrhinum . . . 


- 354 


Franciscea ... 


Pinus syl 


• 413 


Gaultheria proc. . . 


Silicea 


• 459 


Guaiacum 

Jacaranda car. 


Retinae, Detach- 




Kali carb 


ment. 




Kali nit. 


Natrum salicyl. . 


382 


Kali sil 

Kali sulph. 

Kalmia lat. . . 


Retinal, Engorge- 




ment. 




L,ac caninum .... 


Carboneum sulph. . 


• 193 


Ivachnanthes . . 
Lithium carb 


Rhagades. 




Iyycopersicum esc. . . 


Graphites .... 


. 287 


Magnolia grand. . . 
Medorrhinum . . . 


Rheumatism. 




Mercurialis per. . . 


Acetanilidum . . 


• 54 


Methylene blue . . 


Acidum lact. .... 


• 65 


Mezereum 


Acidum sal. . 


• 74 


Natrum salicyl. 


Aconitum nap. . . . 


. 83 


Nux vomica . . 


Actsea spicata . . 


• 83 


Nyctanthes . . 


Ammonium phos. 


. 107 


Phytolacca dec. . . 


Apocynum and. . . 


. 121 


Piperazinum 


Armoracia sat. . . . 


• 130 


Primula ver. . . 


Asparagus . . . . 


. 146 


Pulsatilla nig 


Bryonia alb 


. 170 


Rhododendron . . 


Calcarea phos. . . . 


. 181 


Rhus tox : 


Caulophyllum thai. 


. 198 


Sanguinaria Can. . . 


Cascara sag. . . 


. 195 


Spigelia .... : . 


Chamomilla . . . . 


. 202 


Tongo 


Cinchona off. . . . 


214 


Clematis er 


. 218 


Rheumatism, Mus- 


Colchicum aut. 


225 




Convallaria maj. . . 


• 230 


cular. 


Daphne Ind. . . . 


• 247 


Cimicifuga . . 


Dulcamara ... 


252 


Kali bichr. . . . 


Ferrum 


270 


Kalmia lat 


Formica rufa . . . 


. 277 


Natrum salicyl. . . . 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



567 



Rhinitis. 

Arsenicum alb. 
Belladonna . . 
Lemna minor 
Santoninum . . 

Rosacea. 
Chrysarobinum 
Ichthyolum 

Sacralgia. 

Ozonum . . . 



• 134 

• 159 

• 340 
446 



211 
307 



Salivation. 

Acid nit. . . 
Mercurius dul. 

Satiriasis. 
Acidum pic. . 
Cantharis . . 
Salix nigra 



399 

66 
360 



72 
188 
443 



Sciatica. 

Acetanilidum .... 53 
Carboneum sulpli. . . 193 

Colocyntbis 227 

Gnaplialium 286 

Kali cyan. ...... 324 

Nyctantlies 389 

Rhus tox 434 

Solanum mam 462 

Tongo 496 

Valeriana off 506 

Viscum alb 514 

Scleroderma. 

Elaeis guin 254 

^hyroidinum 494 



Sclerosis. 

Acidum oxal 69 

Argentum nit 127 

Cuprum met 243 

Hyoscinae hydro. . . 305 

Lathy rus sat 338 

Mercurius phos. 362 

Sclerosis, Arterio-. 
Arsenicum iod. . . . 137 
Glandule supra, sic. . 283 
Kali salicyl. . . . 330 

Plumbum iod 418 



Scrofula. 

Alnus rubra . . 
Ammonium iod 
Aurum met. . 
Calcarea carb. 
Calcarea hypo. 
Calcarea iod. 
Carbo ani. . . 
Causticum . . 
Hepar sulpli. 
Hippozseninum 
Iodium 
Mezereum . 
Silicea . . 

Scurvy. 

Natrum mur. 
Pinus sylves. 



93 
104 
149 
177 
179 
180 
191 
199 
298 
301 
3ii 
367 
459 



379 
413 



Seasickness. 

Cocainum 220 

Cocculus Ind 221 

Cucurbita pepo se. . . 239 



5^8 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Cuprum ars, . 

Petroleum . . 

Sanicula . . 

Tabacum . . 



241 
• 405 
.446 
.485 



Seborrhea. 
Raphanus sat. 

Senility. 
Acid plios. 
Conium mac. 



430 



70 
229 



Septicemia. 
Kchinacea ang. 
Kali chlor. 
Kali perman. 
L,achesis . . 
Pyrogenium . 
Tarantula Cub. 



253 
323 
328 
335 
428 
486 



Sexual Atony. 

Selenium 452 

Sexual Debility. 

I/Upulus . . , 346 

Sexual Excess. 

Acidum phos 70 

Nux vom 387 

Staphisagria 471 

Sexual Excitement. 
Salix nigra 443 

Sexual Impotency. 

Acidum phos* .... 70 

Agnus cast 90 

Damiana 246 

Sabal ser. 440 



Sexual Irritation. 

Cinchona off 214 

Cobaltum 219 

Small-pox. 

Antimonium tar. . . .115 

Malandrinum . . . 352 

Variolinum . 506 

Snake Poison. 

Euphorbia pros. . . 266 
Selaginella apus . . . 452 

Somnambulism. 

Kali brom. . . . .321 

Spasms. 

Belladonna ... 158 
Camphora monobrom. 185 

Indigo 309 

Mephitis put. .... 357 

Opium 395 

Tanacetum vul. . . 485 
Valeriana off. . . . 506 
Veratrum vir. . . . 508 

Spasms, Clonic. 

Chamomilla 202 

Nicotinum 385 

Upas artiar .... 500 

Spasms, Tonic. 

Nicotinum 385 

Upas tie 500 

Spermatorrhoea. 

Acidum phos 70 

Cantharis 188 

Cinchona off 214 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



569 



Digitalis 249 

Ferrum brom 272 

Kalibrom. 321 

Xux vom 387 

vSalix nigra . . 443 

Staphisagria 471 

Stryclininum .... 477 

Spinal Curvature. 

Calcarea phos 181 

Spinal Irritation. 

Chininum sul. . . . 207 
Hypericum . . . . 306 
Medorrhinuin .... 354 
Phosphorus . . . . . 408 
Physostigma yen. . .411 
Stryclininum phos. . 478 
Tarantula Hisp. ... 486 

Tellurium 488 

Zincum met 518 

Spleen, Enlargement. 
Ceanothus Amer. . . 200 

Polymnia uve 421 

Quercus gland, spir. . 429 

Splenitis. 

Ceanothus Amer. « . 200 

Sprains. 

Strontiana carb. . . . 474 

Sterility. 

Borax 166 

Gossypium her. . . 286 

Pulsatilla nig 427 

37 



Stomatitis. 

Acidum sulph 76 

Aconitumnap 78 

Cannabis Ind. . . . 186 
Echinacea ang. . . . 253 
Hydrastis Can. . . 303 

Ipecacuanha 312 

Kali chlor. . . . . 323 

Rhusglab 433 

Zingiber off 512 

Strangury. 

Triticum rep 499 

Uva ursi 504 



Suppuration. 
Calcarea sul. 
Hepar sulph. 
Silicea . . 



183 
298 

459 



Sweats. 

Jaborandi 315 

Petroleum 405 

Tabacum 485 

Sweats, Night. 

Jaborandi 315 

Salvia off 443 

Silicea 459 



Synovitis. 




Apis mel. . . 


. 119 


Arnica niont. . . 


■ ■ I3 2 


Brvonia alb. 


. .169 


Pulsatilla .... 


427 


Syphilis. 




Acidum nit. . . . 


. • 65 


Ammonium iod. . 


104 



57o 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Apocynum andro. . .121 
Arsenicum brom. . . 136 

Calotropis 183 

Clematis erec 218 

Condurango . . . . 228 

Corydalis for 234 

Daphne Ind 247 

Francisea 278 

Guaiacum 290 

Kali iod 326 

Mercurius aur. . . . 358 
Mercurius brom. 359 

Mercurius nit 361 

Mercurius iod. ruber . 361 
Mercurius phos. . . 362 
Mercurius corrosivus . 362 
Mercurius vivus . . . 364 

Mezereum 367 

Sarsaparilla 448 

Stillingia syl. . . . 472 
Syphilinum . . . 484 

Syphilis, Secondary. 
Hoang nan .... 301 

Jacaranda car 316 

Kali iod. ... 326 

Mer. bin. cum kali jod. 358 
Phytolacca ... 412 

Tachycardia. 

Ammonium val. . . T07 
Sparteine sulph. . 465 

Thyroidinum .... 494 

Tapeworm. 

Cucurbita pepo se. . . 239 
Filix mas . ... 376 
Granatum 287 



Acidum hydrocyan. 


•S3 


Aconitumnap. . . . 


• 78^ 


Amyl nitris . . . . 


. I09 


Hypericum . . 


306 


Passiflora incar. . . 


404 


Physostigma ven. . 


411 


Solanum Carol. . . 


462 


Upas tieute . . . 


500 


Tinnitus Aurium. 




Acidum salicylic. . 


75 


Chininum sulph. . . 


266 


Ferrum pic. . . 


275 


Glandulae supra, sic 


.283 


Glonoinum . . . 


. 284 



Tissues, Inflamma- 
tion Cellular. 

Apis mel 121 

Cantharis 188 

Rhus tox 434 

Tonsillitis. 

Baryta carb. . . . 156 

Belladonna 158 

Capsicum 190 

Chenopodium .... 205 

Guaiacum 290 

Hepar sulph 298 

Kali mur. 327 

Lac caninum ..... 334 
Lycopodium . . 347 

Mer. iod. ruber .... 361 
Phytolacca dec. . . .412 
Veratrum vir 509 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



571 



Tracheitis. 

Aconitum nap 78 

Belladonna 158 

Hepar sulph. . . 298 

Spongia tosta .... 468 

Traumatism. 

Arnica mont 132 

Bellis per 161 

Symphytum 483 

Trichina Spiralis. 

Terebinthina , . 489 

Trismus. 

Aconitum nap. ... 78 
Carbonicum oxy. . . . 193 

Ignatia 307 

Physostigma 411 



Tuberculosis. 
Acidum camphor. 
Arsenicum iod. 
Bacillinum ... 
Baptisia tine. . . 
Calcarea carb. . . 
Chininum ars. . . 
Ferrum .... 
Ferrum phos. . . 
Guaiacolum . . 
Hippozaeninum . 
Iodoformum . . . 
Kreosotum . 
Lycopus Vir. . . 
Myosotis ar. . . . 
Naphthalinum . . 
Oleum jec. asel. . 
Phellandrium aqua. 



58 
137 
152 
154 
177 
206 
270 
274 
289 
301 
312 

333 
348 
373 
376 

39 2 
407 



Phosphorus . . 
Polygonum avic 
Polyporus pin 
vSalvia off. . . 
Sanguinaria Can. 
Silicea . . . 
Spongia tosta 
Sulphur . . . 
Theridion cur. 
Trillium pen. 
Urea . 
Vanadium . . 



. 408 

. 420 

. 421 

443 

• 444 
460 

. 468 

. 481 

492 

• 497 

• 501 

• 506 



Tuberculosis, Laryn- 
geal. 

Argentum nit. . . 127 

Manganum acet. . . .353 
Natrum selen .... 383 

Tumors, Fibroid. 

Calcarea iod. . .180 

Gossypium herb. . . . 286 

Tumors, Glandular. 
Arsenicum brqm. . . . 136 

Tumors, Mammary 
Glands. 

Calcarea iod 180 

Conium mac. . . . 229 

Ferrum jod. ..... 273 

Mer. jod. flavus . . . 360 

Tumors, Nodular. 

Galium apar 279 

Tumors, Osseous. 

Calcarea fluor 179 



572 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



Tympanites. 

Argentum nit. ... 127 

Cajaputum 175 

Morphium 370 

Terebinthina ... 489 

Ulcers. 

Acidum bor 57 

Acidum fiuor 60 

Acidum nit 65 

Anantherum . . . in 
Antimonium chlor. . .113 

Asafoetida 141 

Cistus Can 218 

Corydalis for. .... 234 
Echinacea ang. . . 253 

Formica ru 277 

Graphites 287 

Hoang nan 301 

Hydrastis Can 303 

Kali bichr 320 

Mer. cyanatus . . . 359 

Mer. vivus 364 

Pseonia off 400 

Syzygium jam. . 484 

Uranium nit. . . . .501 



Ulcers, Gastric. 

Argentum nit 127 

Condurango 228 



Uremia. 

Adonis ver. 84 

Cuprum ars. . . 214 

Echinacea ang. . . 253 
Elaterium 255 



Urethritis. 

Acidum nit 65 

Amygdalus Per. . . . 108 

Barosma cren 155 

Cannabis sat. . . . . .188 

Coccus cacti 222 

Copaiba 231 

Cubeba ....... 238 

Doryphora 250 

Eryngium . . . . 260 
Gelsemium ... . 281 
Hydrangea arbor. . . 302 
Populus trem. .... 422 
Terebinthina 489 

Uricacidemia. 

Hydrangea arbor. . . 302 
^Pichi ...... 413 

Urination, Deranged. 
Eupatorium pur. . . . 264 
Mentha vir. . . 356 

Mitchella rep 369 

Nux vom 387 

Opium . . . . 395 

Pareira brava .... 403 
Petroselinum sat. . . 406 

Pulex irr. 425 

Rhus arom 432 

Stigmata may. . . . 472 

Stramonium 473 

Thlaspi bur 492 

Triticum rep 499 

Verbascum thap. . . . 509 
Zingiber off. ... . 521 

Urticaria. 

Antimonium crud. . .113 



CLINICAL INDEX. 



573 



Antipyrinum 
Apis mel. 
Astacus fluv. . 
Bovista . . 
Rumex cris. . 
Tilia Euro. . 
Triosteum perf. 
Urtica urens . 
Ustilago may. 



Uterus, Fibroids. 

Calcarea iod. . . . 
Gossypium herba. 



Uterus, Diseases. 

Cimicifuga ... . 
Gossypium herba. 
Kali ferr. 

Lilium tig 

Magnesia mur. 
Natrum hypoch. . 
Paraffinum . . . . 
Pulsatilla nig . . 
Viburnum opul. . 

Uterus, Displace- 
ment. 

Eupionum . . . 
Ferrum jod. . . . 
Piscidia ery. . . . 



Uterus, Enlarge- 
ment. 

Fraxinus Amer. 
Mitchella rep. . . 
Polymnia uved. 



118 
119 
147 
167 
437 
495 
498 
502 
504 



180 
286 



212 
286 
3 2 4 
34i 
350 

379 
402 

425 
5ii 



267 
273 
415 



278 

369 
421 



Uterus, Prolapsed. 

Abies Can 50 

Collinsonia Can. . . . 226 

Erigeron Can 258 

Helonias dio 296 

Sepia 457 

Stannum 469 

Trillium pend 497 



Vaccination. 
Malandrinum 
Silicea .... 
Thuja occ. . . 



Vaginismus. 
Platinum . 



352 
459 
493 



417 



Varicose Veins 

Acidum fluor 60 

Calcarea fluor 179 

Hamamelis 292 

Pulsatilla nig. ... 425 
Vipera tor 514 



Variola. 

Sarracenia pur. 

Vertigo. 

Aconitum nap. 
Ambra gris. . 
Ammonium iod. 
Arsenicum iod. 
Aurum mur. nat. 
Belladonna . . 

Coca 

Cocculus Ind. . 
Conium mac. 
Culex 



447 



78 

99 
104 

137 
150 
158 
219 
221 
229 
239 



574 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Gelsemium semp. . . 280 
Mercurialis per. . . . 357 
Strophanthus .... 476 

Vomiting. 

Arsenicum alb. . . . 132 

Cerium oxal 202 

Cocainum 220 

Cucurbita pepo se. . . 239 

Cuprum ars 241 

Cuprum met 243 

Ingluvin 310 

Ipecacuanha ... 313 

Justicia ad 319 

Kreosotum 332 

Natrum phos. .381 

Piper nig. . . . 415 

Scammonium .... 448 
Symphoricarpus race. 483 
Tabacum 485 

Triosteum per. . 498 

Upas artiar 500 

Veratrum alb 505 

Whooping Cough. 

Ambrosia art. . . . .100 
Ammonium pic. . . . 107 

Amyl nit 109 

Antipyrinum 118 

Badiaga 152 



Castania vesca . . . .196 

Cerium oxal 202 

Chloralum 209 

Coccus cacti 222 

Corrallium rub. 232 

Cuprum acet 240 

Cuprum met 243 

Drosera rot 251 

Ipecacuanha 312 

Ivobelia 343 

Magnesia phos. . 351 

Mephitis put 357 

Naphthalinum . 376 

Sanguinaria Can. . . . 444 
Terpini hydras. . . 489 
Trifolium prat 496 

Worms. 

Chelone glab 205 

Cina 214 



Sabadilla 
Spigelia . 



• 439 
466 



Wounds. 

Calcarea sulph. 183 

Hypericum 306 

Kali perman 328 

L,edutn pal. . . . 339 
Sabbatia angul. . . . 440 
Sempervivum tec. . . 453 



GENERAL INDEX 



Abies Canadensis . 
Abies nigra . . . 
Arbor tristis . . . 
Abrotanum . . . 
Absinthium . . 
Acalypha Indica 
Acetanalidum . . 
Acetate of barium 
Acetate of iron 
Acetate of manganese 
Acidum aceticum 
Acidum benzoicum 
Acidum boracicum 
Acidum camphoricum 
Acidum carbolicum 
Acidum chromicum 
Acidum fluoricum , 
Acidum gallicum . . 
Acidum hydrochloricum 
Acidum hydrocyanicum 
Acidum lacticum . . . . 
Acidum nitricum . . . 
Acidum nitrihydrochlori 

cum 

Acidum oxalicum . . 
Acidum phosphoricum 
Acidum picricum . . 
Acidum salicylicum . 
Acidum sulphuricum . 
Acidum sulphuricum aro 

maticum . . . 
Acidum tartaricum 



. 50 Aconitum ferox . . . . 78 

50 Aconite napellus ... 78 
389 Aconite 78 

51 Aconitum napellus . . . 78 

52. Actaea spicata 83 

53 Adonis vernalis . . 84 

53 /Esculus glabra ... 85 
156 ^Esculus hippocastanum 85 
272 iEthiops antimonialis . 86 
353 ^£)thusa cynapium ... 87 

54 Agaricin 88 

55 Agaricus muscarius .- . . 88 

57 Agnus castus 90 

58 Ailanthus glandulosa . . 90 
58 Aletris farinosa .... 91 
60 Alfavaca 390 

60 Allium cepa 92 

61 Allium sativum ... 93 
61 Alnus rubra 93 

63 Alnus serrulata .... 93 

64 Aloe 94 

65 Aloe socotrina 94 

Aloes 94 

68 Alstonia constricta ... 96 

69 Alstonia scholaris . . 96 

70 Alternate-leaved d o g- 
72 wood 232 

74 Alum . . 96 

75 Alum-root ....... 300 

Alumen 96 

77 Alumina 97 

77 Aluminum chloride . . 99 



576 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MEDICA. 



Aluminum chloridum . 99 
Aluminum hydroxide . 97 
iVmbra grisea .... 99 
Ambrosia artemisiaefolia 100 
American alder .... 93 
American centaury . . 440 
American cockroach . .164 
American coffee-tree . . 291 
American helebore . 508 
American Pulsatilla . . 428 
American spikenard . . 124 

Ammoniacum 100 

Ammonii i odium . . .104 
Ammonii picras .... 107 
Ammonii phosphas . . . 107 
Ammonii valerianas . . 107 
Ammonium benzoicum 101 
Ammonium bromatum . 102 
Ammonium carbonicum 102 
Ammonium causticum . 104 
Ammonium ichthyol sul- 

phonate 307 

Ammonium iodatum . 104 
Ammonium muriaticum 105 
Ammonium phosphor- 

icum 107 

Ammonium picricum . . 107 
Ammonium valerian- 

icum 107 

Amygdalus Persica . .108 
Amyl-nitrous ether 109 

Amylnitris 109 

Anacardium orientale . no 
Anagallis arvensis . . .111 

Anantherum in 

Anantherum muricatum in 

Anhalonium 112 

Animal charcoal .... 191 



112 
112 
113 
113 

115 
115 
117 



118 
119 
407 
119 
121 



Animal oil 392 

Antimonii et potassii 

tartras 115 

Antimonii trichloridum 113 
Antimonium arsenicum 
Antimonium arsenitum 
Antimonium chloridum 
Antimonium crudum . 
Antimonium sulphur- 

atum . . ... 

Antimonium tartaricum 
Anthemis nobilis . . 
Anthracinum . . . .117 

Antipyrine 118 

Antipyrinum 

Aphis chenopodii glauci 

Apiol 

Apis mellifica .... 
ApTum graveolens . . 
Apocynum androssemi- 

folium 121 

Apocynum cannabinum 122 
Apomorphinse hydro- 

chloras 123 

Apple of Sodom .... 462 
Aqua ammonise . . . 104 
Aquilegia vulgaris . . 124 
Aralia quinquefolia 401 

Aralia racemosa . . . .124 
Aranea diadema .... 125 

Arctium lappa 125 

Argentum metallicum . 126 

Argenti nitras 127 

Argentum nitricum . . . 127 

Armoracia 223 

Armoracia sativa . . 130 

Arnica montana . . . .131 
Arsenate of soda .... 377 



GENERAL INDEX. 



577 



Arseuia disulphide . . 
Arseniate of strychnine 
Arsenicum alburn '. . 
Arsenicum bromatum . 
Arsenicum hydrogeni- 
. satum ... 

Arsenicum iodatum . 
Arsenicum metallicum 
Arsenicum sulphuratum 

navum . . . 
Arsenicum sulphuratum 

rubrum .... 
Arsenious acid . . 
Arsenious iodide . 
Arsenous sulphide 

Arsine 

Artemesia abrotanum 
Artemesia absinthium 
Artemisia rnaritirna 
Artemisia vulgaris . 
Arum triphyllum . . 
Arundo Mauri tanica 

Asafcetida 

Asarabacca ... 
Asarurn Canadensis 
Asarum Europseum . 
Asclepias cornuti 
Asclepias incarnata 
Asclepias Syriaca . 
Asclepias tuberosa . 
Asimina triloba 

Asparagus 

Asparagus officinalis 
Aspen ... 

Assacu 

Astacus fluviatilis 
Asterias rubens . . 
Atropa belladonna . 



139 

477 
132 

136 

137 
137 
138 

T 39 

139 
*32 
137 
139 
137 
•5i 
52 
214 

139 
140 

141 
141 
143 
142 

143 
144 
144 

144 
US 
145 
146 
146 
422 
302 
147 
147 
158 



Atropia 148 

Atropinum 148 

Aurum metallicum 149 

Aurum muriaticum natro- 

natum 150 

Arena sativa . 



Bacillinum 
Badiaga .... 

Bakus 

Balm of Gilead 
Balmony , . . 
Balsam apple . 
Balsam of Copaiba 
Balsam of Peru . 
Balsamum Peruvianum 
Baptisia tinctoria . 
Barberry .... 
Barosma crenate . 
Bay berry 
Baryta carbonica 
Baryta iodata . . 
Baryta muriatica . 
Bean of St. Ignatius 
Bear grass . . 
Bearberry . . 
Bearded usnea 
Bearsfoot . . 
Beech drops . 
Bethroot . . . 
Belladonna 
Bellis perennis 
Benzoate of Lithium 
Berberis aquifolium 
Berberis vulgaris 
Bichromate .... 

Big laurel 

Bish 



578 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Bismuthum subnitricum 163 

Bitter apple 227 

Bitter bark 90 

Bitter candy tuft .... 306 

Bitter wood 429 

Bladder-wrack 279 

Blackberry 437 

Blackthorn . . 423 

Black garden radish . .431 

Black haw 511 

Black hellebore . - 295 
Black mustard ."- . . . . 261 
Black nightshade . . . 462 

Black pepper 415 

Black Spider of Curacoa 491 

Black spruce 50 

Black willow 443 

Blatta Americana . . .164 
Blatta orientalis .... 165 

Bloodroot 444 

Blue cohosh 198 

Blue-flag 314 

Blue-gum-tree 260 

Blue vervain . . . .510 

Boletus laricis 165 

Boneset 264 

Borax 165 

Bothrops lanceolatus . 166 

Bovista 167 

Bovista nigrescens . . 167 

Brachy glottis 168 

Brachyglottis repens . . 168 

Bromium 168 

Bryonia alba 169 

Buchu ... . 155 

Buckbean 357 

Buckwheat .... 268 

Bufo rana 172 



Bug-agaric 88 

Bugle weed .... 348 

Bullrush 318 

Butter bur .... . 500 

Butternut 317 

Button-bush 210 

Button snakeroot .... 340 

Cactus grandinorus . . . 173 
Cadmium sulphuricum . 174 

Cahinca 175 

Cajaputum 175 

Calabar bean 411 

Caladium seguinum . .176 
Calcarea acetica . . . .176 

Calcarea arsenicosa . . . 176 
Calcarea carbonica . . 177 
Calcarea fluorica . . . .179 

Calcarea hypophosphor- 
osa ......... 179 

Calcarea iodata . . . .180 

Calcarea ostrearum . . 177 
Calcarea phosphorica . 181 
Calcarea picricum . . . 182 
Calcarea renalis . . . 182 
Calcium picrate .... 182 

Calendula officinalis . . 183 
California laurel .... 379 

Calomel 360 

Calotropis . 183 

Calotropis gigantea . . .183 
Caltha palustris .... 184 

Camphor 184 

Camphora ...... 184 

Camphora monobromata 185 
Canada fleabane . . . .258 

Canadian hemp .... 122 

Canchalagua 186 



GENERAL INDEX. 



579 



Cane sugar 442 

Cannabis Indica . . . .186 

Cannabis sativa 188 

Cantharis 188 

Capsella 492 

Capsicum 190 

Capsicum annuum . . 190 
Carbo animalis .191 

Carbo vegetabilis . . . .192 
Carbon disulphide 193 

Carbon monoxide . . , 193 
Carbonate of Barium 156 
Carbonate of Magnesia 349 
Carbonate of Potassium 322 
Carbonate of Soda . . . 379 
Carbonate of Strontia . . 474 
Carboneum oxygenisa- 

tum 193 

Carboneum sulphuratum 193 
Carduus marianus . . . 194 

Carica papaya 402 

Cascara sagrada x 95 

Cascarilla 195 

Castanea vesca ... 196 

Castor 196 

Castor equi 196 

Castor oil plant .... 435 

Castoreum 196 

Cat thyme 490 

Cataria nepeta 197 

Catnip 197 

Caulophyllum t h a 1 i c- 

troides 198 

Causticum 199 

Ceanothus Americanus . 200 

Cedron 200 

Celandine 203 

Celery 121 



Celery-leaved crowfoot . 430 
Centaury of Chili . -. . .186 
Cephalanthus occiden- 

talis 201 

Cereus bonblandi ... 201 
Cereus grandiflorus . .173 
Cereus serpentinus . . . 202 
Cerium oxalicum .... 202 

Cevadilla 439 

Chamaelirium unicorn 

plant . . . . . . 296 

Chamomilla 202 

Charcoal ... . • . . . T92 

Chaste tree 90 

Chelidonium majus . 203 
Chelone glabra .... 205 
Chenopodium anthel- 

minticum ... 205 

Cherry laurel 339 

Chestnut 196 

Chickweed 470 

Chimaphila umbellata . 206 
China officinalis . . . .214 
Chininum arsenicosum . 206 
Chininum sulphuricum . 207 
Chionanthus Virginica . 209 



Chlorate of potash . 


• ■ 323 


Chloride ammonia 


• 105 


Chloride barium . 


• • 157 


Chloride of magnesia . 350 


Chloride of potassium 327 


Chlorinurn .... 


. 210 


Chlorum .... 


. . 210 


Cholesterine . . . 


. . 210 


Cholesterinum 


. . 210 


Chrysarobinum . . 


. 211 


Cicuta virosa . 


. . 211 



5«o 



Blackwood's materia mbdica. 



Cimex lectularius . . .212 

Cimicifuga 212 

Cimicifuga racemosa . .212 

Cina 214 

Cinchona officinalis . . .214 
Cineraria maritima . . 216 

Cinnabaris .216 

Cinnamomum . . .217 

Cinnamomum zeylani- 

cum 217 

Cistus Canadensis 218 

Cleavers ... . . 279 

Clematis erecta 218 

Club moss 347 

Cobaltum 219 

Coal oil 405 

Cobra coral 254 

Cobra di capello .... 375 

Coca ... 219 

Cocainum 220 

Coccinella septempunc- 

tata 221 

Cocculus Indicus . . . .221 

Coccus cacti 222 

Cochineal 222 

Cochlearia 223 

Cochlearia armoracia . . 130 
Cod liver oil . . . . . . 392 

Codeinum ...... 223 

Coffea cruda . . 223 

Coffee 223 

Colchicum autumnale . 225 
Collinsonia Canadensis . 226 

Colocynthis 227 

Commocladia dentata . 228 
Common European ash 278 
Common garden colum- 
bine 124 



Common herb Christo 

pher 

Common rest-harrow 
Common sumach . 
Compass-plant . . 
Condor vine . . . 
Condurango . . 
Confrey . .- . . . 
Conium maculatum 
Convallaria majalis 

Copaiba 

Corallium rubrum 
Corn silk .... 
Corn smut ... 
Corn us alternifolia 
Cornus circinata 
Cornus florida . 
Corrosive sublimate 
Coryidalis formosa 

Coto 

Cotton plant . . . 
Cotyledon . 
Cotyledon umbilicus 
Couch grass . . . 

Cowhage 

Cowslip 

Crataegus oxyacantha 

Craw-fish 

Creeping selaginella 
Creosotum . . 
Crocus sativus . . . 
Crotalus horridus . . 
C rot on tiglium . . 
Croton elentheria 
Crowfoot .... 
Cubeba ... 

Cubebs 

Cucurbita pepo semen 



GENERAI, INDEX. 



58l 



Culex 

Culver's root .... 
Cuphea viscosissima 
Cupric arsenite . . . 
Cuprum aceticum 
Cuprum arsenicum . 
Cuprum metallicum 
Curare . ... 

C ureas purgans . . . 
Cyanide of potassium 
Cyanide of zinc . . 

Cyclamen 

Cypripedium pubescens 



239 
340 
240 
241 
240 
241 
243 
244 
3 J 7 
324 
517 
245 
245 



Damask rose 436 

Damiana ... .... 246 

Dandelion . .... 487 

Daphne Indica 247 

Daphne odora 247 

Darnel . 345 

Deadly upas 500 

Devil's dung 141 

Diadem spider 125 

Digitalis 247 

Digitalis purpurea . . . 247 
Dioscorea villosa .... 249 
Diphtherinum .... 249 
Dipterix odorata .... 495 

Dita bark 96 

Dog mercury . . .357 

Dog's bane 121 

Dogwood 233 

Dolichos pruriens . . . 250 

Door-weed 420 

Doryphora . .... 250 
Doryphora decemlineata 250 
Drosera rotundifolia . .251 



Double iodide of mer- 
cury and potassium . 
Duboisia ...... 

Duboisia myoporoides 

Duckweed 

Dulcamara 

Dusty miller 

Dwarf nettle .... 



Echinacea angustifolia 
Blaeis giunensis 
Elaterium . . . 

Elecampane 

English chamomile . . 
English daisy ... 
English hawthorne . . 
English meadow sweet 
English walnut ... 
Ephedra vulgaris . 
Epigea repeus . . . 
Epiphegus Virginiana 
Equisetum hyemale 
Erechthites hieracifolia 

Ergot 

Ergotinum 

Erigeron Canadense . 
Eriodictyon . . 
Erodium cicutarium . 
Eryngium aquaticum 
Erythroxylon coca 
Eserinum . . 

Eucalyptus globulus . 
Eugenia jatnbos . . . 
Euonymus atropurpu- 
reus ... ... 262 

Eupatorium aromaticum 263 
Eupatorium perfoliatum 264 
Eupatorium purpureum 264 



582 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Euphorbia corollata . . . 265 

Euphorbia lathyris . . . 266 

Euphorbia prostata . . .266 

Euphorbium 266 

Euphrasia .... 267 

Euphrasia officinalis . . 267 

Eupionum ... . . 267 

European elder ... . 444 

Evening primrose . . . 391 

Fabiana imbricata . . 268 
Fagopyrum esculentum 268 
False gromwell . . .394 

Fell bovis 269 

Ferri bromidum . . . .272 
Ferri et strychninae ci- 

tras 269 

Ferri ferrocyanidum . . 273 
Ferri valerianicum . . . 269 

Ferric chloride 274 

Ferric valerianate . . . 269 
Ferroso-ferric phosphate 274 
Ferrous sulphate .... 276 

Ferrum 270 

Ferrum aceticum .... 272 
Ferrum bromatum . . . 272 
Ferrum cyanatum . . .273 
Ferrum jodatum .... 273 
Ferrum metallicum . . 270 
Ferrum muriaticum . 274 
Ferrum phosphoricum . 274 
Ferrum picricum . . 275 

Ferrum sulphuricum . . 276 

Fever- root 498 

Field or sheep sorrel . . 437 

Figwort 449 

Filix mas 276 

Fireweed 257 



Flesh-colored asclepias 
Fly woodbine 
Foetid buckeye 
Fool's parsley . 
Formica rufa . . 
Fragaria vesca . 
Fragrant sumach 
Franciscea . . . 
Fraxinus Americana 
Fraxinus excelsior . 
Fringe tree .... 
Frostwort . . 

Fucus vesiculosus . 



144 

345' 

85 

87 

277 

377 
432 
278 
278 
278 
209 
218 
279 



Galium aparine .... 279 

Gamboge 279 

Gambogia 279 

Garlic . 93 

Gaultheria procumbens 280 
Gelsemium sempervi- 

rens ......... 280 

Geranium maculatum . . 282 
German viper . . . 513 

Ginger 520 

Glandulae suprarenalis 

siccae 283 

Glinicum 354 

Glonoinum .... 284 

Gnaphaium 284 

Golden seal 303 

Goldenrod 464 

Gollindrinera 266 

Gopher plant . ... 266 

Gossypium herbaceum 286 

Granatum 287 

Graphites 287 

Gratiola 288 

Grindelia 289 



GENERAI, INDEX. 



583 



Grindelia robusta 
Guaiac . . . 
Guaiacolum 
Guaiacum . 
Guao . - . 
Guarana . . 
Guareatrichiloides 
Gum ammoniac . 
Gymnocladus 
Gyquerioba . . . 



289 
290 
289 
290 
228 
290 
291 
100 
291 
463 



Hsematoxylon Campech- 
ianum .... 292 

Hamamelis 292 

Heclalava 294 

Hedeoma 294 

Hedge-hyssop . . . . . 288 

Helleborus niger .... 295 

Heloderma . ..... 296 

Heloderma horridus . .296 
Helonias dioica .... 296 

Hemlock . . .... 50 

Hemp 188 

Hepar sulphuris calca- 

reum 298 

Hepatica 299 

Herb Paris 403 

Heuchera Americana . 300 
High cranberry . . . .511 
Hippomane mancinella 353 

Hippomanes 300 

Hippozseninum .... 301 

Hoang nan 301 

Homarus 301 

Honey-bee 119 

Horse nettle 462 

Horse chestnut 85 

Horse eye 372 



Houseleek 453 

Humulus lupulus . . 346 
Hura Brasiliensis .... 302 
Hydrangea arborescens 302 
Hydrargyri cyanidum 359 
Hydrastis Canadensis . 303 
Hydrochlorate of apo- 

morphine 123 

Hydrocotyle Asiatica . . 304 
Hydrophobinum . . 305 

Hyoscinae hydrobromas 305 

Hypericum 306 

Hypophosphite of cal- 
cium 179 

Hypophosphite of po- 
tassium 325 

Iberis amara -306 

Ichthyolum 307 

Ignatia amara 307 

Illicium anisatum . . . 308 
Indian acalypha .... 53 
Indian cockroach .... 165 

Indian hemp 186 

Indian pennywort . . . 304 

Indigo 309 

Indium metallicum . . . 309 

Ingluvin 310 

Inula helenium .... 310 
Iodide of barium . . . .157 
Iodide of iron . . . 273 

Iodide of lead ... . 418 

Iodine 311 

Iodium 311 

Iodoform 312 

Iodoformum . . .312 

Ipecac . 312 

Ipecacuanha 312 



584 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA M^DICA. 



Iris versicolor 314 

Iron and strychnine ci- 
trate 269 

Iron-wood 39g 



Jaborandi .... 
Jacaranda caroba . 
Jack-in-the-pulpit 

Jalap 

Jalapa 

Jamaica dogwood 
Jambol seeds . . . 
Jatropha curcas . . 

Jelly-fish 

Juglans cinerea . 
Juglans regia . . 
Juncus effusus 
Juniperus Virginiana 
Justicia adhatoda . 



Kali arsenicosnm . 
Kali bichromicurn 
Kali bromatum . . 
Kali carbonicum . 
Kali chloricum . . 
Kali cyanatum . . 
Kali ferrocyanatum 
Kali hypophosphorosum 
Kali iodatum . . . 
Kali muriaticum . . 
Kali nitricum . . . 
Kali permanganicum 
Kali phosphoricum . 
Kali salicylic um . 
Kali silicum . . . 
Kali sulphuricum 
Kalmia . . 

Karmeria . . 



Kava-kava . . 
Kaolin .... 
Koch's lymph 
Kola nut . . . 
Kreosotum . 



315 
316 
140 
316 
3i6 
415 
484 
317 
354 
317 
3i8 
3i8 
3i8 
3*9 

319 
320 
321 
322 
323 
324 
324 
325 
326 

327 
328 
328 
329 
33o 
33o 
330 
33i 
332 



Lac caninum . 
Lac defloratum 
Lachesis . . . 
Lachnanthes. . 
Lactuca virosa 
Ladybird . . 
Lady's slipper 
Lady's tresses 
Lapis albus . 
Lappa major . 
Large flowering spurge 
Latrodectus mac tans 
Lathy rus sativus . 
Laurocerasus . . 

Lead 

Ledum palustre 
Lemna minor . . 
Leopard's bane . 
Leptandra .... 
Lesser periwinkle 
Liatris spicata 
Lilium tigrinum . 
Lily of the valley 
Linaria vulgaris . 

Linder 

Liquor sodse chloratae 

Lithium 

Lithium benzoate . . 
Lithium bromatum . 
Lithium bromidum . , 
Lithium carbonicum 
Liverwort , 



GENERAL INDEX. 



585 



Lobelia 

Lobelia coerulea . 
Lobelia inflata . . 
Lobelia syphilitica . 
Lobelia purpurascens 

Lobster 

Loco-weed 

Locust tree .... 

Logwood 

Lolium temulentum 
Lonicera xylosteum 

Lungwort 

Lupulus 

Lycopersicum esculen 

turn 

Lycopodium .... 
Lycopus Virginicus 

Magnesia carbonica 
Magnesia muriatica 
Magnesia phosphorica 
Magnesia sulphurica 
Magnolia grandiflora 
Mahomia aquifolium 
Malandrinum . 

Male fern 

Mallein 

Manaca 

Mancinella . ... 
Manganum aceticum 

Marigold 

Marking nut .... 
Matricaria chamomilla 
May apple . . 
Meadow saffron 
Medorrhinum . 
Medusa .... 
Melilotus alba , 

38 



343 Menispermum Cana- 

344 dense 355 

343 Menispermum cocculus 221 

344 Mentha piperita . . . 356 

345 Mentha viridis 356 

301 Menyanthes trifoliata . . 357 

399 Mephitis putorius . . . 357 

436 Mercurialis perennis . 357 

292 Mercurius aceticus . . . 358 

345 Mercurius auratus . . 358 

345 Mercurius biniodatus 
471 cum kali jodatum . .358 

346 Mercurius bromatus . . 359 
Mercurius cyanatus . . 359 

346 Mercurius dulcis .... 360 

347 Mercurius i o d a t u s 

348 flavus 360 

Mercurius iodatus ruber 361 

349 Mercurius nitrosus . . . 361 

350 Mercurius phosphoricus 362 

351 Mercurius sublimatus 

351 corrosivus 362 

352 Mercurius sulphuricus . 363 
162 Mercurius tannicus . . . 363 

352 Mercurius vivus .... 364 
276 Mercurous acetate . . . 358 
301 Mercurous bromide . . . 359 
278 Mercurous phosphate . 362 

353 Mercurous tannate . ', . 363 

353 Mercury 364 

183 Methylene blue .... 366 

no Mexican magnolia 

202 grandiflora 516 

419 Mezereon 367 

225 Mezereum 367 

354 Millefolium 368 

354 Mimosa humilis .... 368 

355 Minosa 368 



586 



BLACKWOOD'S MATERIA MKDICA. 



Mistletoe . . . 
Mitchella repens 
Monsonia . . . 
Moonseed . . . 
Morphium . . . 
Moschus . . . . 
Mountain laurel 
Mouse-ear . . . 
Mucuna urens . 
Murex purpurea 
Mugwort 
Mullein .... 

Musk 

Musk-root . . . 
My gale lasiodora 
Myosotis arvensis 
Myrica cerifera . 
Myristica sebifera 
Myristicaceae . 
Myrtle .... 
Myrtus communis 



Nabalus albus . . 
Naja tripudians . . 
Naphthalin . . . 
Naphthalinum . . 
Natrum arsenicum 
Natrum carbonicum 
Natrum chloratum . 
Natrum hypochlorosum 
Natrum muriaticum 
Natrum nitricum . . . 
Natrum phosphoricum 
Natrum salicylicum . . 
Natrum selenicum . . 
Natrum sulphuricum . 
Nerium oleander . . . 



514 
369 
370 
354 
370 
37i 
33i 
373 
372 
372 
139 
509 
37i 
482 

373 
373 
374 
374 
386 

374 
374 

375 
375 
376 
376 
377 
378 
379 
379 
379 
381 
381 
382 
383 
383 
392 



Neutral nitrate of mer- 
cury 

New Jersey tea . . . 
Niccoli bromidum . 

Niccolum 

Niccolum bromidum 

Nickel 

Nicotin 

Nicotinum 

Nitrate of potassium 
Nitrate of strychnine 
Nitrate of uranium 
Nitroglycerine 
Nuphar luteum 
Nux moschata 
Nux vomica 
Nyctanthes . 
Nymphsea odorata 



Oat 

Ocimum canum . 
CEnanthe crocata . 
Oenothera biennis 
Oil of turpentine . 

Oleander 

Oleum animale . 
Oleum cajaputi . . 
Oleum jecoris aselli 
Oleum santali . . 
Oleum tiglii . I 
Oniscus asellus . . 
Ononis spinosa . . 
Onosmodium Virgin 
num ..... 



1a- 



Opium 

Opuntia vulgaris . 
Oreodaphne Californica 
Origanum vulgare . . 



GENERAIv INDEX. 



587 



Osmium 397 

Ostrya Virginica . . . .398 
Ovi gallinae pelliculae . 398 
Oxalis acetosella .... 398 
Oxytropis Lamberti . . 399 
Ozonum 399 

Pseonia officinalis . . . 400 

Palladium 400 

Panacea arvensis .... 401 

Panax 401 

Pancreatinum 401 

Pansy 513 

Papaw 145 

Papaya vulgaris .... 402 
Paraffin ....*.... 402 
Paraffinum ....... 402 

Pareira 403 

Pareira brava 403 

Paris quadrifolia .... 403 

Parsley 406 

Partridgeberry 369 

Passiflora incarnata . . . 404 
Passion flower ..... 404 

Patal 499 

Paullinia sorbilis .... 290 

Peach-tree 108 

Pennyroyal 294 

Penthorum sedoides . . 404 

Peony 400 

Pepsin . 405 

Pepsinum 405 

Permanganate of potas- 
sium 328 

Petroleum 405 

Petroselinum sativum 406 

Phaseolus nana 407 

Pheasant's eye ... .84 



Phellandrium aquaticum 407 

Phloridzin 408 

Phosphate of magnesia . 351 
Phosphate of potassium 329 
Phosphate of strychnia 478 
Phosphide of zinc . , 518 

Phosphorus 408 

Physostigma venenosa . 411 
Physostigmine ... 260 
Phytolacca decandra . . 412 

Pichi 413 

Picrate of iron 245 

Pilocarpus 315 

Pine agaric 421 

Pinus sylvestris .... 413 

Piperazin 413 

Piperazinum 413 

Piper methysticum . . . 414 

Piper nigrum 415 

Pipsissewa 206 

Piscidia erythrina . . 415 

Pitcher plant 447 

Pix liquida 416 

Plant-louse 119 

Plantago major 416 

Plantain 416 

Platinum 417 

Pleurisy root 145 

Plumbago 289 

Plumbum metallicum . . 418 
Podophyllum peltatum . 419 
Poison hemlock .... 229 

Poison ivy 433 

Poison nut 387 

Poison sumach 435 

Poison weed . . . .• . 514 
Poisonous A merican 
arum 176 



588 



Blackwood's materia medica. 



Poisonous lettuce . . , 337 

Poke 412 

Polygonum aviculare . . 420 
Polygonum punctatum . 420 
Polymnia uvedalia . . .421 
Polyporus pinicola . 421 

Pomegranate 287 

Poorman's mercury . . .401 
Populus candicans . . 422 
Populus tremuloides . . 422 
Potassium bibromate . . 32 t 
Potassium ferrocyanide 324 
Potassium silicate . . 330 
Potassium sulphate . . 330 

Potato 462 

Pothos fcetida 422 

Prickly ash 515 

Prickly pear 396 

Primrose 423 

Primula veris 423 

Prunus spinosa .... 423 

Psorinum 424 

Ptelea trifoliata .... 424 
Pulex irritans .... 425 

Pulsatilla 425 

Pulsatilla nigricans . . . 425 
Pulsatilla nuttalliana . . 428 

Pumpkin 239 

Purple cone-flower . . . 253 

Purple fish 372 

Purple lobelia 345 

Pyrogenium 428 

Quassia amara .... 429 

Quebracho ....... 146 

Queeri's delight .... 472 

Quercus glandium spir- 
itus 429 



Quillaia saponaria . .429 
Quininse arsenias .... 206 
Quininae sulphas .... 207 

Ragweed 100 

Ragwort . ...... 453 

Ranunculus bulbosus. . 430 
Ranunculus sceleratus . 430 
Raphanus sativus . . . .431 

Ratanhia 332 

Rattlesnake 236 

Rattlesnake root . . . 375 
Red acarus of the fly . 492 

Red ant 277 

Red cedar 318 

Red clover 496 

Red coral 232 

Red mercuric iodide . . 361 
Red sulphide of mer- 
cury 216 

Redwood 291 

Reed 141 

Rhamnus Purshiana 195 

Rheum 431 

Rhododendron .... 432 

Rhubarb 431 

Rhus aromatica .... 432 

Rhus glabra 433 

Rhus toxicodendron .. . 433 
Rhus venenata . . 435 

Ricinus communis . . . 435 
Robinia pseudacacia . . 436 
Rosa Damascena .... 436 

Rose apple 262 

Rosebar 43 2 

Round-leaved dogwood 233 

Rubus villosus 437 

Rue 43 8 



GENERAL INDEX, 



589 



Rumex acetosella . . . 437 
Rumex crispus ... 437 
Ruta graveolens . . . 438 

Sabadilla 439 

Sabal serrulata 439 

Sabbatia angularis . . . 440 

Sabina 441 

Saccharuni officinarurn . 442 

Saffron 236 

Sage 443 

Salicylate of pota